Raimondo Iemma - Open Government Data in Italy - may 2012
Open Government Data in Italy:state-of-the-art and future challenges Raimondo Iemma NEXA Center for Internet & Society Politecnico di Torino http://nexa.polito.it This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license 3.0 Unported.
NEXA Center vs OpenGovData● LAPSI thematic network / www.lapsi-project.eu● Open-DAI project / www.open-dai.eu● EVPSI project / www.evpsi.org● Piemonte Region policy support (dati.piemonte.it)
What is Government Data? Public Sector Information (Directive 98/2003/EC) All information held by a public sector organisation, i.e. agovernment department or any entity which is majorityowned and/or controlled by a Public Administration → as a direct outcome of its institutional mandate (e.g.firm registry); → as a by-product of the public task (e.g. list of postalcodes).
What does Open Data mean? “A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free touse, reuse, and redistribute it - subject only, at most, tothe requirement to attribute and share-alike” [Open Data definition provided by the Open KnowledgeFoundation]→ technological aspects, meaning that datasets aremachine readable and made available in open formats[ref. 5-stars model by Tim Berners-Lee]; → legal aspects, meaning that datasets are not subjectto intellectual property rights or other legal constraintspreventing from copy, redistribution and reuse.
OPEN GOVERNMENT DATA =PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATIONMADE AVAILABLE FOR REUSE AS OPEN DATA
“Web entrepreneurs assemble and sellcontent and applications and advertising,based on data. With those efforts theymake our lives more convenient and theykeep authorities accountable.”Neelie Kroes (Open Data strategy launch, 12th dec2011)
The objectives of the PSI Directive areto “facilitate the creation of Community-wide information products and servicesbased on PSI, to enhance an effectivecross-border use of PSI by privatecompanies for added-value informationproducts and services and to limitdistortions of competition on theCommunity market.”PSI Directive, recital #25
Creation of services that reuse Open GovData (integration of different sources,mashups, etc.)
Some players use (Open) Gov Data as aresource to provide services- Business information- Consultancy- Business intelligence
No-profit projects, usually peer-produced(and bottom-up), aimed at enhancingtransparency and efficiency.
And also: - Live applications - Visualisations - Catalogues - Data journalism - (...)
As of now... Some tangible commitment at European, national andlocal level:● EU Open Data Package; EU open data portal; EU opendata license.● Open Data web catalogues, e.g. http://data.gov.uk● Open Data communities
As of now... Still most of the PSI is not yet Open Data, for severalreasons:● benefits are not perceived;● ongoing agreements with third parties;● funding schemes tbd;● cultural barriers;● ...
In Italy● PSI principles adopted by Law (Dlgs 196 / 2006)●PSI portals + Open Data strategies at differentadministrative levels ● dati.gov.it (National platform) ● dati.piemonte.it (first regional portal) ● opendata.comune.fi.it (local level, Florence) ● dati.camera.it (Linked Open Data)●Public consultation on the Digital Agenda, includingOpen Data as a topic / http://adi.ideascale.com● Map of the Italian legislation on Open Data http://g.co/maps/xhz59● Apps competition ended in April: www.appsforitaly.org
Open Gov Data in Italy: somefigures (as of April 2012) Datastores Licensing Credits: dati.gov.it, FormezPA
4 tips to knock on doors...● Identify the data you need (and their holders)● Reuse communities enable critical mass● Ask for legal and technical interoperability: → licensing schemes (enabling reuse) → open formats● Key concept: available for someone should meanavailable for everyone [some data have been already released to specificplayers, e.g. Google for transport data]
Thank you! Raimondo Iemma NEXA Center for Internet & Society Politecnico di Torino http://nexa.polito.it raimondo.iemma[AT]polito.itThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license 3.0 Unported.