GROUND SUBSTANCE  COLOURLESS TRANSPARENT  VISCOUS GEL PRESENT B/W CELLS &  FIBERS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
COMPOSITION PROTEOGLYCANS  GAGS + PROTEIN CORE  (90-95%) +    (5%) GLYCOPROTEINS  PROTEINS + CHO   (90-95%) + (5%)
PROTEOGLYCANSGAGS COVALENTLY BOUND PROTEIN COREBASOPHILICHYDRATED GELGROWTH FACTORS
GAGS UNBRANCHED LONG CHAIN POLY  SACCHARIDES REPEATING DISACCHARIDE UNITS URONIC ACID + HEXOSAMINE + -VE  CHARGED UNIT(...
SULPHATED GAG CHONDROITIN 4 & 6 SO4  CARTILAGE KERATAN SO4 CORNEA CARTILAGE NUCLEUS  PULPOSUS  INCREASES WITH AGE DERMA...
NONSULPHATED HYALURONIC ACID LONG CHAIN NON SO4 GAG WITHOUT  A PROTEIN CORE ALL ECM (embryonic & developing) INTERACTS...
GLYCOPROTEINS PROTEIN + CHO FILAMENTOUS PROTEINS ADHESIVE PROPERTY GLCOSYLATED BINDING SITES FOR  ECM MOLECULES  CELL...
FUNCTIONS OF GROUND           SUBSTANCE FILLS SPACES LUBRICANT BARRIER
LOOSE C.T. MOST GENERALIZED CELLULAR, ABUNDANT GROUND  SUBSTANCE & FEW FIBERS FIBROBLAST, FAT CELL & WANDERING  CELLS ...
DENSE C.T.REGULAR & IRREGULAR DENSE PACKING OF FIBER FEW CELLS & LITTLE GROUND  SUBSTANCE LIMITED VASCULAR SUPPLY REGU...
DENSE IRREGULAR C.T. THICK BUNDLES OF COLLAGEN RUNNING IN ALL DIRECTIONS AREAS SUBJECT TO CONSIDREABLE  MECHANICAL STRESS
DENSE REGULAR C.T. DENSELY PACKED // FIBERS CORDS BANDS OR SHEETS TENDONS LIGAMENT &  APONEUROSES GREAT TENSILE STRENGTH
TENDON   CORD LIKE   WHITE INEXTENSIBLE   CELLS IN ROWS // FIBER   TENDON CELL   ENDOTENDINEUM, EPITENDINEUM
 APONEUROSES  Sheet of // fibers, adjacent layer at  angle LIGAMENTS  Similar to tendon less regular, fibrous  or yellow...
C.T with SPECIALPROPERTIES  ADIPOSE, RETICULAR, PIGMENTED
ADIPOSE TISSUE   FAT STORING TISSUE   ADIPOCYTES   RICH BLOOD SUPPLY   WHITE & BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE
WHITE ADIPOSE TISSUE UNILOCULAR ADIPOCYTES (SIGNET    RING) SPHERICAL POLYHEDRAL CONDENSED LIPID + VIMENTIN ORGANIC SO...
BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE SMALLER, MULTILOCULAR, NUCLEUS  ROUND ECCENTRIC OF CAPILLARIES RICH SUPPLY > MITOCHONDRIA WITH  CY...
RETICULAR C.T. RETICULAR FIBERS & RETICULAR  CELLS DELICATE NETWORK RETICULAR CELLS, CYTOPLASMIC  PROCESSES, PARTIALLY ...
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
Connective  ti ssue part 2
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Connective ti ssue part 2

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  • HEXOSAMINE CAN BE GLUCOSAMINE OR GALACTOSAMINEURONIC ACID CANBE GLUCRONIC OR IDURONIC ACID
  • White adipose tissue serves three functions: heat insulation, mechanical cushion, and most importantly, a source of energy. Subcutaneous adipose tissue, found directly below the skin, is an especially important heat insulator in the body, because it conducts heat only one third as readily as other tissues. The degree of insulation is dependent upon the thickness of this fat layer. For example, a person with a 2-mm layer of subcutaneous fat will feel as comfortable at 15°C as a person with a 1-mm layer at 16°C. Adipose tissue also surrounds internal organs and provides some protection for these organs from jarring.
  • WHITE ADIPOSE TISSUE PRODUCES THE PEPTIDE HORMONE LEPTIN WHICH IS RESPONSIBLE FOR ENERGY HOMEOSTASISThe hydrophobic fat is separated from hdrophilic cytoplasm by a condensed layer of lipid and parallel arranged vimentin filaments
  • Connective ti ssue part 2

    1. 1. GROUND SUBSTANCE COLOURLESS TRANSPARENT VISCOUS GEL PRESENT B/W CELLS & FIBERS OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE
    2. 2. COMPOSITION PROTEOGLYCANS GAGS + PROTEIN CORE (90-95%) + (5%) GLYCOPROTEINS PROTEINS + CHO (90-95%) + (5%)
    3. 3. PROTEOGLYCANSGAGS COVALENTLY BOUND PROTEIN COREBASOPHILICHYDRATED GELGROWTH FACTORS
    4. 4. GAGS UNBRANCHED LONG CHAIN POLY SACCHARIDES REPEATING DISACCHARIDE UNITS URONIC ACID + HEXOSAMINE + -VE CHARGED UNIT( sulphate, carboxyl, hydroxyl) -VE CHARGED SO4 0R CARBOXYL  BASOPHILIC  HYDRATED GEL SULPHATED & NON SULPHATED
    5. 5. SULPHATED GAG CHONDROITIN 4 & 6 SO4 CARTILAGE KERATAN SO4 CORNEA CARTILAGE NUCLEUS PULPOSUS INCREASES WITH AGE DERMATAN SO4 SKIN HEPARAN SO4 AORTA LUNG LIVER BASAL LAMINA
    6. 6. NONSULPHATED HYALURONIC ACID LONG CHAIN NON SO4 GAG WITHOUT A PROTEIN CORE ALL ECM (embryonic & developing) INTERACTS WITH SPECIFIC RECEPTORS ON THE CELLS PROTEOGLYCAN AGGREGATE (LINKER PROTEIN) VISCOUS SOLUTION
    7. 7. GLYCOPROTEINS PROTEIN + CHO FILAMENTOUS PROTEINS ADHESIVE PROPERTY GLCOSYLATED BINDING SITES FOR ECM MOLECULES CELL ADHESION MOLECULES SIGNALING MOLECULES
    8. 8. FUNCTIONS OF GROUND SUBSTANCE FILLS SPACES LUBRICANT BARRIER
    9. 9. LOOSE C.T. MOST GENERALIZED CELLULAR, ABUNDANT GROUND SUBSTANCE & FEW FIBERS FIBROBLAST, FAT CELL & WANDERING CELLS VISCOUS GEL LIKE GROUND SUBSTANCE THIN MESH WORK OF COLLAGEN & ELASTIC FIBER HIGHLY VASCULAR SUPERFICIAL FACIA,BENEATH EPITHELIUM FUNCTIONS
    10. 10. DENSE C.T.REGULAR & IRREGULAR DENSE PACKING OF FIBER FEW CELLS & LITTLE GROUND SUBSTANCE LIMITED VASCULAR SUPPLY REGULAR & IRREGULAR
    11. 11. DENSE IRREGULAR C.T. THICK BUNDLES OF COLLAGEN RUNNING IN ALL DIRECTIONS AREAS SUBJECT TO CONSIDREABLE MECHANICAL STRESS
    12. 12. DENSE REGULAR C.T. DENSELY PACKED // FIBERS CORDS BANDS OR SHEETS TENDONS LIGAMENT & APONEUROSES GREAT TENSILE STRENGTH
    13. 13. TENDON CORD LIKE WHITE INEXTENSIBLE CELLS IN ROWS // FIBER TENDON CELL ENDOTENDINEUM, EPITENDINEUM
    14. 14.  APONEUROSES Sheet of // fibers, adjacent layer at angle LIGAMENTS Similar to tendon less regular, fibrous or yellow elastic
    15. 15. C.T with SPECIALPROPERTIES ADIPOSE, RETICULAR, PIGMENTED
    16. 16. ADIPOSE TISSUE FAT STORING TISSUE ADIPOCYTES RICH BLOOD SUPPLY WHITE & BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE
    17. 17. WHITE ADIPOSE TISSUE UNILOCULAR ADIPOCYTES (SIGNET RING) SPHERICAL POLYHEDRAL CONDENSED LIPID + VIMENTIN ORGANIC SOLVENT XYLENE ENERGY STORAGE INSULATION & CUSHIONING OF VITAL ORGANS LEPTIN & CYTOKINES LIPOMAS & LIPOSARCOMAS
    18. 18. BROWN ADIPOSE TISSUE SMALLER, MULTILOCULAR, NUCLEUS ROUND ECCENTRIC OF CAPILLARIES RICH SUPPLY > MITOCHONDRIA WITH CYTOCHROME OXIDASE < GOLGI, r ER & s ER
    19. 19. RETICULAR C.T. RETICULAR FIBERS & RETICULAR CELLS DELICATE NETWORK RETICULAR CELLS, CYTOPLASMIC PROCESSES, PARTIALLY COVER THE RETICULAR FIBERS, MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTIC SYSTEM HEMATOPOIETIC & LYMPHOID ORGANS
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