The Moral and
Rai Dela Vega Blanquera
Every person feels good when
he senses that he is being
trusted, given responsibility to
do certain things equal to and
in line with his abilities, and
held accountable for his
actions. The character of a
person is the MORAL aspect of
The four major social
institutions affecting character
These are the: The
family, the peer
school, and the
is the major factor in the
moral development of an
individual. Through family
the child sees a standard
picture of behaviour
appropriate for varying
2. The Peer Group
people react strongly to social
approval or social acceptance.
We all wish to be
accepted, especially by our peers.
We dress and act like them. We
always want to be "in".
3. The School
moral training is incorporated in the
curriculum, especially in the
elementary grades and high school.
The prevalent disrespect for authority
was one of the reasons for emphasis
on moral education.
4. The Church
Listening to homilies or
attending bible studies
may improve if not
change the lowering
standards of morality
Like a game, life is governed by rules.
Without rules there can be no game.
Rules define the moves of player.
Likewise, human behaviour consists in
obedience to rules. There are four
approaches in the development of
moral behaviour namely the
psychoanalytic approach, the social
group-approach, the learning theory
approach and the cognitive
1. THE PSYCHOANALYTIC
expresses the idea that when
the superego dominates the
he or she is good because he
or she has a conscience that
tells him or her to be good.
2. THE LEARNING THEORY
says that we have been trained and
disciplined by our upgrading and by the
examples of our parents into behaving
the way we should.
3. THE SOCIAL-GROUP
claims that we have the way we do
because people expect us to behave
4. THE COGNITIVE-
it emphasizes the importance of
intelligence in moral control. The more
intelligent a person is, the stronger he or
she is morally.
1. SELF-CONTROL - which regulates
our appetites for sex and food.
2. FORTITUDE - which regulates our
emotions, principally of anger.
3.JUSTICE - to all which inclines man
to render to each one his due.
4.PRUDENCE OR TACT - which
judiciously guides and controls
ethics, the study of
what is right and
* in this modern
world, There should
be an order in
human life. THANK