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  • 1. Backyard Gardening
  • 2. Importance: • A productive activity for the members of the family. • Growing foods and vegetables can be a source of food that ca help meet the nutritional needs of the entire family and the people of the community. • This activity supplements the family income. • Excess produce can be sold to friends, relatives or in the market.
  • 3. Gardening • is the process of cultivating the land for growing flowers, ornamental plants, vegetables, fruits and trees.
  • 4. Harvesting • Is the gathering of the crops upon maturity.
  • 5. Seed box • Is the container or the plot where you sow seeds before transplanting them to a garden plot.
  • 6. 2 Common Methods
  • 7. 1. Direct seeding - The seeds are planted in an area where they are grown until they are ready for harvesting.
  • 8. 2. Indirect Seeding - the seeds are planted first in seed beds or seed boxes to produce seedlings which are the transplanted in the field as soon as they have leaves.
  • 9. Methods of Plant Propagation
  • 10. 1. Sexual Propagation - is the most common method of reproduction and multiplication of plats. - this is done mostly by the user of seeds and spores.
  • 11. 2. Asexual Propagation - is the development of a new plants, natural or artificial without the use of seeds.
  • 12. Poultry Raising
  • 13. Poultry - refers to domestic foods such as chickens, ducks, turkeys, quails, pigeons and geese raised for meat and eggs.
  • 14. Importance: • Poultry meat supplies the protein needed by human body. • Is a profitable source of income
  • 15. Duck Raising - it provides us with meat and eggs. - duck eggs can be made into balut, penoy and salted egg.
  • 16. Ducks may be classified as egg type and meat type: Egg type: 1. Native ducks or Pateros ducks - commonly called itik. - used for balut, penoy, itlog na maalat. good layer and the eggs are large.
  • 17. 2. Khaki Campbell Duck - it lays as many as 300 eggs a year - it’s a good layer. 3. Commercial Hybrid Duck - world’s first hybrid duck bred in England. - it lays its eggs at about 5 months of age.
  • 18. Meat type: 1. Muscovy Duck - it is known as pato - it stays on land and requires less care. It feeds on palay and corn. 2. Peking Duck - it’s a breed from China. - it produces the first quality table meat used in Chinese dish. - it is good layer, docile and null adapted to the Phil. climate
  • 19. Poultry Source of: 1. Egg - embryonated egg (balot) - salted egg - century egg 2. Meat - tocino - sausage (longanisa- ratine sausage) - nuggets
  • 20. 3. Feathers - cleaners - costume and body ornaments - fans - comforters, cushions
  • 21. Classification of Chicken: According to Origin 1. Asiatic class (from Japan, Philippines, Malaysia) ex. Mikawa, Nagoya 2. American class (Texas) ex. Texas, White Leghorn, Rhode Island, Phymouth. 3. European class/ English (from British) ex. Wyandote, Phymouth
  • 22. 4. Mediterranean class (from Lebanon, Jordan, Greece) 5. Continental class chicken.
  • 23. According to use 1. Meat class- lives maximum of 45 days 2. Egg class 3. Dual class 4. Fancy class
  • 24. Piggery Primary Products - Meat - Fats - Hair - Pig manure – skin Secondary Products 1. Meat - longanisa, sausage, tocino, ham 2. Fats –Anchor butter, and can be made into candle.
  • 25. Breeds of Pig 1. Duroc 2. Berleshire 3. Poland China – most lard type 4. Hansphire 5. Large white 6. Landrace – most bacon type 7. Native
  • 26. Aquaculture: Fishery – the business of catching, taking, handling, harvesting, mar keting and preserving and other fish or aquatic products. Propagation Raising Fishery arts conservation – future use
  • 27. Importance: • Source of feeds for poultry. • Good source of income due to great demand for fresh, canned and smoked fish.
  • 28. Fresh water Fishes 1. St. Peter fish (Tilapia) – raised in fish pond. 2. Cat fish (Hito) – lives in swaps, canal and ponds. 3. Mud fish (Dalag) – lives in muddy canals. 4. Carp ( Karpa) 5. Gurami – fast grower, vegetarian and breeds freely. 6. Ornamental fish – like arouna, gold fish
  • 29. Marine Fishes 1. Lapu- Lapu 2. Galunggong (scad fish 3. Maya maya (Perch) 4. Dalagang bukid 5. Tuna 6. Blue Marlin 7. Pink Salmon 8. Sardines 9. Mackarel 10. Salinas
  • 30. Estuarine Fishes “ Tabsing” – tabang, places near the river ex. Bangus, Salmon
  • 31. Methods of Fish Cultivation 1. Fish pond Method – refers to the raising of fish in ponds. 2. Fish pen Method – requires net enclosure in shallow protected parts of inland waters such as lakes or lagoons. 3. Open Water Method – used in cultivating mussels, oysters and clams, done in bays, seas and lagoons.
  • 32. Harvesting of Fish 1. Draining – done by draining completely the pond water and then the fish are collected using a scoop net. 2. Gill netting – used for selective harvesting where the stock is of multiple sizes.