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Smart card

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  • 1. Seminar onSmart CardsSubmitted to:- Submitted by:-Er. Tushar Srivastava Rahul KumarEr. Ajay Kumar Maurya 29507,EIE UNSIET,Jaunpur
  • 2. Overview INTRODUCTION EVOLUTION TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES CLASSIFICATION CONTACT INTERFACES FABRICATION APPLICATION ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE FUTURE
  • 3. What is smart card? Standard credit card-sized with microchip embedded on it. Any pocket-sized card with embedded integrated circuits. Can hold up to 32,000 bytes. Follow the MOORE’s law. On a fundamental level, microprocessor cards are similar to desktop computers.
  • 4. EXAMPLES OF SMART CARDS
  • 5. EVOLUTION OF SMART CARDSHISTORY1950-Used by diners club in 1950 as a plastic card1968- German inventors patent combination ofplastic cards with micro chips.1970- Japan patent different version.1974- Roland Moreno invents integrated chip cardand patents it in France.1977- Motorola produces first smart card microchip.1979- Motorola develops first single chipmicrocontroller for bank in France.
  • 6.  1982- ATM cards with smart chips tested and smart chips placed on telephone cards. 1991- AT&T declared its contactless smart card. 1992- Germany uses smart card for health care. 1996- First university campus deployment of chip cards.CURRENT TRENDS Latest super smart cards have keypads, LCD displays, battery and math co-processors for performing complex encryption algorithms.
  • 7. TECHNOLOGICAL FEATURES 256 bytes to 4KB RAM. 8KB to 32KB ROM. 1KB to 32KB EEPROM. Crypto-coprocessors (implementing 3DES, RSA etc., in hardware) are optional. 8-bit to 16-bit CPU. 8051 based designs are common. Length=4.96mm Breadth=4.28mm Chip area=21.33mm2 COS
  • 8. CLASSIFICATION OF SMARTCARDS MEMORY CARDS MICROPROCESSOR CARDS  IC MEMORY CARDS  Holds a microprocessor or Can store data,but do not microcontroller chip. have a processor on the  Can add,delete and card. manipulate information in  OPTICAL MEMORY its memory. CARDS  COS Can store only data,but has a larger memory capacity than IC memory cards.
  • 9. DIFFERENT TYPES OF CONTACT INTERFACES1. CONTACT SMART CARDS2. CONTACTLESS SMART CARDS
  • 10.  Proximity cards Remote cards3. COMBI/DUAL INTERFACE CARDS Dual interface cards Combination of smart cards and biometric devices
  • 11. STANDARD DIMENSION FOR SMARTCARDS
  • 12. CONTACTS OF THE SMART CARDMODULE
  • 13. FABRICATION OF SMART CARDS
  • 14.  Chip specification Card specification Mask ROM specification Application software specification Chip fabrication Card personilisation Applicatin activation Application load
  • 15. APPLICATION OF SMART CARDS1. FINANCIAL APPLICATIONS Electronics purse Telephone payment cards2. GOVERNMENT APPLICATIONS National ID card Driving license3. HEALTH APPLICATIONS Patient data card Health professional card
  • 16. 4. CAMPUS SOLUTIONSStudent identificationLibrary cardsMeal cardsTransportation cards5. EMPLOYEE CARDSID cardsAccess cardsTime attendance system
  • 17. 6. COMMUNICATIONS AND ENTERTAINMENT SIM Subscriber activation card for pay-TV7. INFORMATION SECURITY PC Security cards Digital signature Encryption Telecommuting And Corporate Network Security
  • 18. ADVANTAGES OF SMART CARDS CONVENIENCE INTELLIGENCE MULTIFUNCTIONALITY ECONOMIC BENEFITS CUSTOMIZATION SECURITY PERSONALISATION
  • 19. DISADVANTAGES OF SMART CARDS FLEXIBILITY HARSH ENVIRONMENT SECURITY IS NOT ALWAYS 100 %. LACK OF STANDARDS FOR FUNCTIONALITY AND SECURITY.
  • 20. Plastic Cards Visual identity application  Plain plastic card is enough Magnetic strip (e.g. credit cards)  Visual data also available in machine readable form  No security of data Electronic memory cards  Machine readable data  Some security (vendor specific)
  • 21. Smart Cards Processor cards (and therefore memory too) Credit card size  With or without contacts. Cards have an operating system too. The OS provides  A standard way of interchanging information  An interpretation of the commands and data. Cards must interface to a computer or terminal through a standard card reader.
  • 22. Smart Cards devices GND VCC VPP Reset I/O Clock Reserved
  • 23. Smart Card Readers  Computer based readers Connect through USB or COM (Serial) ports  Dedicated terminals  Usually with a small screen, keypad, printer, often also have biometric devices such as thumb print scanner.
  • 24. FUTURE OF THE SMART CARD I believe smart cards are the wave of the future for consumer use, commercial use and internal network security. Europe already has a head start on the U.S., as smart cards are in much wider use there. With this technology identity theft and credit card fraud can be controlled to a great extent. Further it will give a fillip to the Internet commerce. It will be no exaggeration to predict that the future belongs to contact less smart card supporting multiple applications.
  • 25. Any queries