make profit.. grow cabbage
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cost of production of cabbage......

cost of production of cabbage......

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make profit.. grow cabbage Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Production & marketing of Cabbage in ooty Presented by K.Ragunath
  • 3. INTRO………
    • Cabbage a Cole crop which is scientifically Brassica oleracea of Cruciferae family.
    • Cabbage is grown in home gardens, both on the farms and in villages, cities.
    • It thrives best in relatively cool, moist climate .
    • It is the cultivated in nilgiris also.
    • The area under cultivation is about 3,000 ha
  • 4. CABBAGE FIELD
  • 5. NURSERY
    • For 1ha cultivation of cabbage the nursery area is 25cents.
    • The area needs more care and maintenance to produce more seedlings.
    • 50 packets of seeds are required for 1 ha of nursery.
    • One packet weights about 8g.
    • The crop will be in nursery up to 42 to 45 days.
    • The irrigation is more important in the nursery.
  • 6.
    • COST OF CULTIVATION IN NURSERY : -
    s.no PARICULARS UNIT QUANTITY UNIT PRICE (Rs/ha/kg/ml) Value Rs/ha 1
    • Land preparations
    • I-ploughing
    • (2A type)
    • b. II-ploughing
    • (2B type)
    Cents Cents 25 25 100.00 70.00 200.00 140.00 2 Seed Grams 400 22.50 9,000,00 3 Seed bed preparation (1A+1B) Cents 25 100+70 170.00 4 FYM Kg 375 1.50 657.00 5 Seed treatment (Borate) Kg 2.5 70.00 175.00 6 Chemicals a)insecticide (fenvel rate) b)Indofil Ml Kg 750 1.5 280.00 220.00 210.00 330.00 7 Fertlizer mixture (DAP +urea+ potash) Kg 50 175.00 175.00 8 Weeding (2B) Cents 25 70.00 140.00 9 Irrigation - - 550.00 550.00 TOTAL 11,767,00
  • 7. Transplanting
    • It includes main field preparation of 1ha. Here the seedlings are transplanted in 30/30 cm (or) 30/25 cm spacing.
    • It spacing is 30 x 30cm 25,000 seedlings are needed.
    • If spacing is 30/25cm 30,000 seedlings are required.nd then the seedlings are transplanted.
  • 8.
    • COST OF CULTIVATION IN TRANSPLANTING :-
    S.NO Particulars Unit quantity Unit price Rshakg Value in rupees/ha 1 Main field preparation a)1 st ploughing 20(A) b)2 nd ploughing 20(B) ha ha 1 ha 1ha 100.00 70.00 2,000.00 1,400.00 2 FYM Tonnes 12.5 1500 18,750.00 3 Chemicals: a)Borate b)Fenvalrate Kg litre 25 1.5 70.00 280.00 1,750.00 420.00 4 Mixed fertilizer Kg 625 175.00 2,188.00 5 Transplanting (labour10A&20B) 30 100+70 2,400.00 Total 28,908.00
  • 9. AFETER CARE MANAGEMENT
    • After transplanting chemicals to pests and disease and growth regulator are sprayed in 8 splits.
    • The duration in mainfield is about 120 days. Manuring is done at 21st and 45th day.
    • Weeding is done at at 35th day after transplanting.
    • For hardening of heads a chemical called agromin is sprayed.
    • The field is irrigated at two days interval.
  • 10.
    •  
    Particulars Unit Quantity Unit price Rs /ha/ml/kg Value in rupees/ha
    • Chemicals – 8 splits
    • indofil-M-45
    • kavachi
    • fenvalrate
    • tatamon
    • Spraying charge
    • (3A+6B) 8 times
    • Fertilizer application
    • a)I-time-21 st day
    • b)I-time 45 th
    • Labour charge
    • (10A&20B)
    • Weeding ( 25 B)
    • Hardening head
    • (agromin)
    • (2A+4B)
    • Irrigation
    Kg Kg Litre Litre Kg Kg kg 25 5 10 1.5 1250 1250 30 25 2.5 220.00 1,000.00 280.00 1,000.00 (100+70) 350.00 350. 00 (100+70) 70.00 400.00 5,500.00 5,000.00 2,800.00 1,500.00 5,760.00 8,750.00 8,750.00 2,400.00 1,750.00 1,340.00 1,5000.00 Total 58,550.00
  • 11. Harvesting
    • In 1 ha 80,000 heads can be harvested which may weigh about 1-1.5kg.
    • Here 115 A type labour, 1150 gunny bags twines, vehicles are required.
    • The heads should be transported from ooty to mettupalayam for whole sale.
  • 12.  
  • 13. COST OF HARVESTING : s.no Particulars Unit Quantity Unit price Value in rupees 1 2 3 4 5 Gunny bags Twines Labour charge Transporting Grading No.s Load Load 1150 115 8 8 20.00 200.00 4,000.00 1,000.00 23,000.00 2,500.00 23,000.00 28,000.00 8,000.00 Total 84,500.00
  • 14. TOTAL COST OF CULTIVATION: s.no Particulars Value in rupees 1 2 3 4 Nursery Mainfield- transplanting Aftercare management Harvesting and transporting 11,767.00 28,908.00 58,550.00 84,500.00 Total cost of cultivation 1,83,725.00
  • 15. Market price
    • About 80,000 heads is harvested which weigh about 1,00,000 kg (or) 100 tonnes.
    • The value or price for 1 kg of cabbage may vary from Rs.3 to 4.5/kg.
    • on an average Rs. 3.50 is taken and selled the total return is Rs.3,50,000.
  • 16. Market size
    • market prices and quotations are allotted based on the standards.
    • Small and medium sized cabbages are preferred by custamers mostly.
    • In mettupalayam the market is very large and cabbage from Mysore is also coming here for sale.
    • It serves as one of the standard and important market in our country.
  • 17. ECONOMICS
    • Profit:-
    • Profit = Net return - Total investment
    • = Rs 3,50,000 – Rs 1,83,725
    • profit = Rs 1,66,275.
    • Benefit cost ratio (BCR):
    • BCR = Net return
    • ______________ = 1.90
    • Total investment
  • 18. THANK YOU..