Livelihood approach oxfam


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Livelihood approach oxfam

  1. 1. Livelihood approach of transitional shelter: Learning from cyclone Aila
  2. 2. Oxfam definition of shelter programme <ul><li>Emergency shelter involves the provision of basic and easy to use shelter within 6 weeks. Typically emergency shelter is plastic sheeting with poles and fixings. </li></ul><ul><li>Transitional shelter is in between emergency and permanent. Ideally materials used in transitional shelter can be used later on when people build permanently. Typically transitional shelter is wooden framed building with corrugated iron roofing. It involves some provision of skilled labour and is community/ self build. </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent shelter is made from bricks and cement and built by contractors. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Oxfam GB goals and objectives in shelter programmes: <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Save lives and provide security, personal safety and protection from the climate and disease </li></ul><ul><li>Support human dignity and family and community life </li></ul><ul><li>Support resilient communities and reduce vulnerabilities to disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Provide timely and appropriate shelter </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise social and economic impact of disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Support local livelihoods and markets </li></ul>
  4. 4. Key principles of a shelter intervention <ul><li>Shelter needs are met through a combination of assistance methods ( Shelter NFIs , Cash grants, vouchers or loans , Technical expertise, monitoring and capacity building , Labour , Advocacy) </li></ul><ul><li>Community participation and consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Socially, culturally and climatically appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Gender analysis and integration </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster risk reduction (Build back safer) </li></ul><ul><li>Livelihoods </li></ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul><ul><li>Quality </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oxfam shelter interventions in South Asia
  6. 6. South Asia shelter review 2010: Key lessons & recommendations <ul><li>Oxfam should take better steps to ensure that all technically designed shelter programmes meet certain benchmarks for consultation with women and men during assessment and prior to implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>  S helter programmes should attempt to ‘build back safer’. This does not have to be expensive – rather low cost technological innovation should be employed. </li></ul><ul><li>  L livelihoods programming needs to consider the shelter situation of affected communities and strong linkages built between these programming strands where possible. </li></ul><ul><li>  C ash grants should be part of shelter design, but there should be careful assessment before using cash grants as the sole shelter intervention. </li></ul><ul><li>  Oxfam’s successes in South Asia in helping ensure that shelter beneficiaries have access to safe water and sanitation should be disseminated more widely. </li></ul><ul><li>  Oxfam should ensure it has the right skill set on staff when employing ‘contractor’ build models of shelter provision. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lessons from gender in shelter review 2010 <ul><li>The late arrival of kits had a disproportionate effect on women headed households identified as a key client group in the Oxfam programme as they lived in the open “unprotected”. </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting women as principal beneficiaries, whilst appreciated, had some negative consequences in particular driving up the rate of child marriage and polygamy. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating artificial “family units” was unhelpful. In these communities people tend to live in small units within extended family compounds rather than one larger unit. </li></ul><ul><li>Women headed households did not have the skills to turn the CGI sheets into housing, making them more dependent on men within the community. Nor were women adequately consulted about the proposed intervention in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>Women expressed anxiety that lack of shelter left them without adequate privacy. This was particularly acute when they had adolescent daughters. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Experience in cyclone Aila-Livelihood approach of transitional shelter <ul><li>Under the Aila response and recovery programme Oxfam delivered 400 Transitional Shelter to the Women headed households in Gabura Union through its implementing partner Progoti funded by ECHO </li></ul>
  9. 9. Approach of Shelter Delivery
  10. 10. At a glance information <ul><li>Total cost- 33,000 BDT (including 9,000 cash grant) </li></ul><ul><li>Design agreed among ECHO partners (Plinth: 1’ above maximum flood level which is generally taken as 2004 floods, Area: 160 sq. ft. 16’ x 10’, Height: 8’ to leave 1’ ventilation above the height of the CGI sheet of 7’, 2 doors (3’ x 6’) and 2 windows (3’ x 2’) from CGI sheet with wooden frame, Materials of roof and walls/fence: GIG Sheet) </li></ul><ul><li>Other associate cost: </li></ul><ul><li>CFW for plinth raising – 5,000 BDT </li></ul><ul><li>Cost for rain water harvesting- 1300 BDT </li></ul><ul><li>Cost for sanitary latrine- 4,500 BDT </li></ul>
  11. 11. How the approach Integrated Livelihood <ul><li>During plinth raising beneficiaries can earn money which creates employment </li></ul><ul><li>During construction they can work with Mason/ carpenters and can earn money as well as become skilled </li></ul><ul><li>Employment created in the are for a group of mason which has linkage with market chain </li></ul>
  12. 12. How the approach Integrated Livelihood <ul><li>Homestead raised, vegetable seed and saplings distributed that also meeting the need as well as selling to market which crates income opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Better safety and security, health and hygiene knowledge, access to water and sanitary latrine in built with shelter which results good health and can easily go out to earn </li></ul><ul><li>They also received Professional tools/cash grants </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a total package for livelihood recovery not just constructing a house (Cash/professional tools, Vegetable seed/sapling, Rainwater harvesting system, Sanitary latrine and hygiene education etc) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lessons learnt <ul><li>Low cost and constructed very fast within very short time with maintaining quality and standard </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive package which has great impact on livelihood recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Its beyond the constructing a house rather recovering livelihood and integrating shelter </li></ul>
  14. 14. Thank you