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Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
Introduction to housing & hazards group
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Introduction to housing & hazards group

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  • Gender correctness changed a man to this woman. But was it right? Will the message be diluted?
  • Transcript

    • 1. Communicating Technologies at the grass-roots Dr Robert Hodgson Housing & Hazards Group
    • 2. Housing & Hazards has been looking at ways of communicating better technologies for 15 years. Housing development is an issue that affects everyone from the end-user to the decision-makers in Dhaka – different approaches are needed for different stakeholders. This talk looks at some of the issues we have encountered through Action-Research at village level in Bangladesh. Some issues may not be relevant now but could be borne in mind if resistance to innovation is encountered.
    • 3.
      • Constraints on technology transfer
        • Other things to do
        • No security of tenure
        • Many hazards – benefits may seem marginal
        • No extra money right now
        • No access to knowledge
        • No one listens to me!
        • I really want a pukka house
    • 4.
      • Acceptable innovations need to be
        • Appropriate
        • Accessible
        • Available
        • Affordable
    • 5. Demo houses spread the word But must be accessible and used Some people didn't relate to this one – it was too big This one will be maintained
    • 6. Graphics and script in a low-literacy environment Probably not the issue it was 20 years ago but worth checking: Cartoons are sometimes hard to understand if you are not familiar with the 'conventions'
    • 7. Perspective is important - Size matters!
    • 8. Is it really women's work?
    • 9. Effectiveness of different modes of learning After Ian Davis, 1996
    • 10. Cement stabilisation Soils mapped. Initial experiments made to determine cement content required Areas bordering the Bay of Bengal may be difficult – look for sandy soils Location Sand/ Silt% Clay% Stabilisation process Dinajpur >80 <20 3-5% cement Manikganj >60 <40 5% cement Gopalganj <20 >80 8-9% cement + 20% sand
    • 11. A simple soil test To assess clay content using glass of water Visual – helps remember Best to get people to do it themselves.
    • 12.  
    • 13.
      • Need to include
      • everyone
        • Artisans
        • Householders
        • Trainers
      Opportunities for other skills training
    • 14. Aspirations of modernity Some of UK's former country hovels are now its most sought after homes Good to see that building with mud is starting in Dhaka!
    • 15. How do we really help people help themselves? Introducing Bert
    • 16. Conclusions Demo houses must be used Make activities both interactive and repetetive Involve everyone Test all graphics Real choices mean real work (for us).

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