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Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
Innovations in housing solidarities international
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Innovations in housing solidarities international

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  • 1. Adapted
    Solidarites International: Shelter response in Bangladesh
    Community oriented
    Tailored
  • 2. Outline of presentation
    SIDR and AILA cyclones : shelter response
    • Experience
    • 3. Approach:
    • 4. Contextually adapted
    • 5. Community oriented
    • 6. Tailored
    • 7. Lessons learned
    • 8. Innovation:
    • 9. Voucher system for shelter rehabilitation
    Technical notes
    • Vernacular construction
    • 10. Skills and material availability
    • 11. What was challenging
    • 12. What was successful
    Final comments
    • Coordination
    • 13. Technical Standardization
  • Solidarites shelterexperience
    Post Sidrrecovery phase – MathbariaUpazila – Pirojpur district
    • 500 Twoslopesshelter constructions
    • 14. 1755 shelterrehabilitations
    Aila response – Shyamnagar and KoyraUpazila
    • 170 Four slopesshelter construction
    • 15. 860 shelterrehabilitations( 380 on process)
    • 16. 500 emergency shelter kits
  • What do wewantwhenwebuildshelters in coastalbelt?
    Privacy and dignity
    Living space: 16 square feet (10’x16’)
    Steady
    Water proof
    Flood resilient
    Wind resistant
    Cyclone resilient
  • 17. Othersconsiderations to design a shelter
    What are the mostfrequenthazards in the area?
    Local traditions and acceptance
    Environnemental impact
    Locallyavailablematerials and skills
    Can the structure beextented?
    Temperature control and ventilation
    Sanitation and water supply

  • 18. Approach for shelter response
  • 24.
    • Community oriented
    • 25. Beneficiaries involvement
    • 26. Capacity building for local carpenters
    • 27. Community approach
    • 28. Capacity building ( benef / local carpenter)
    • 29. Tailored
    • 30. Tailored BoQ for shelter rehabilitation
    • 31. Recycling existing material
  • Vernacular Construction
    • Technicalspecification for Shyamnagar
    Four slopes roof
    Main structure in wood
    Walls in CI sheets
    Treatment of wood against parasites;
    Instalment of pillars in concrete deep in soil & base;
    Settlement of the corner pillar with at least 30 cm between the base border;
    Improvement of the plinth level (+ 3 or 4 feet)
    Building of bracing cross with wooden sections
    Timber post and frame walls 4’’ x 4” posts
    timber panel and timber plank
    Timber roof frames
    • Technicalspecification for Mathbaria
    Two slopes roof
    Structure and walls in wood
    Treatment of wood against parasites;
    Instalment of pillars in concrete deep in soil & base;
    Settlement of the corner pillar with at least 30 cm between the base border;
    Improvement of the plinth level (+ 3 or 4 feet);
    Protection of the wall by a roof extension;
    Building of bracing cross with wooden sections
    Timber post and frame walls 4’’ x 4” posts
    timber panel and timber plank
    Timber roof frames
  • 32. Presentation of Solidarites Shelter
  • 33. Presentation of Solidarites Shelters
    2 slopes roof design
  • 34. 4 slopes roof design
  • 35. Lessons learned
    • Planning of shelter construction shouldbeanticipatedaccording to the local rainyseason, otherwiseshelter construction and materialdeliverybecomedifficult (winter or summer are the best seasons : December to April)
    • 36. Shelter design shouldbedeveloppedaccording to the local tradition for a betteracceptancefrom the communities.
    • 37. Beneficiariesinvolvement in everystep of construction helps to developtheirunderstanding about technicalspecification and requirements of the constructedshelter.
    • 38. Following a livelihoodapproach and integrating cross-cutting issues consideringgender, disability, disasterpreparedness and vulnerability to housing conditions as a holisticapproach to reach the mostdisaster-affected people.
  • Problems and solutions
    PROBLEMS MET
    1/ Wood quality (providers sometimes want to provide immature wood )
    2/ Availability of good quality wood in the local market
    3/ Availability of local masons and carpenters
    GIVEN SOLUTIONS
    1/ Need to train the team with the support of experienced carpenter who has indigenous / better knowledge about wood maturity.
    Also wood treatment oil (locally called “maittatel”) or powder is a must need.
    2/ Need to foresee according to the context: an order for proper wood should be anticipated to avoid delays in the construction
    3/ Need to be anticipated from the beginning of the program, otherwise, finding carpenter could delay the construction work.
  • 39. Innovation
    • Voucher system
    • 40. Individual MoU with beneficiaries
    • 41. Community involvement to limit the risk
    • 42. Community oriented land management for landless
  • Coordination Recommendations
    Desperate need for increased reporting and dissemination
    Clear need for coordination at
    Need to refocus on emergency and transitional shelter needs
  • 47. Technical Recommendations
    Programming
    • Refocus on immediate shelter needs
    • 48. Refocus on broad based simple interventions rather than narrow complete solutions
    Strategic
    • Support existing successful strategies
    • 49. Cyclone shelters
    • 50. Storng embankments
    • 51. Rapidly repairable housing
    Land and setting issues
    • Land title and embankments
    Constructional
    • Preserve and enhance existing reconstruction methods
    • 52. Support self reconstruction with improved training
    • 53. Improve Plinth and footing practice
    • 54. Improve roof framing and wall connection(bracing)
    • 55. Consider implications of partial or complete tie down

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