What do wewantwhenwebuildshelters in coastalbelt? Privacy and dignity Living space: 16 square feet (10’x16’) Steady Water proof Flood resilient Wind resistant Cyclone resilient
Othersconsiderations to design a shelter What are the mostfrequenthazards in the area? Local traditions and acceptance Environnemental impact Locallyavailablematerials and skills Can the structure beextented? Temperature control and ventilation Sanitation and water supply …
Four slopes roof Main structure in wood Walls in CI sheets Treatment of wood against parasites; Instalment of pillars in concrete deep in soil & base; Settlement of the corner pillar with at least 30 cm between the base border; Improvement of the plinth level (+ 3 or 4 feet) Building of bracing cross with wooden sections Timber post and frame walls 4’’ x 4” posts timber panel and timber plank Timber roof frames
Technicalspecification for Mathbaria
Two slopes roof Structure and walls in wood Treatment of wood against parasites; Instalment of pillars in concrete deep in soil & base; Settlement of the corner pillar with at least 30 cm between the base border; Improvement of the plinth level (+ 3 or 4 feet); Protection of the wall by a roof extension; Building of bracing cross with wooden sections Timber post and frame walls 4’’ x 4” posts timber panel and timber plank Timber roof frames
Planning of shelter construction shouldbeanticipatedaccording to the local rainyseason, otherwiseshelter construction and materialdeliverybecomedifficult (winter or summer are the best seasons : December to April)
Shelter design shouldbedeveloppedaccording to the local tradition for a betteracceptancefrom the communities.
Beneficiariesinvolvement in everystep of construction helps to developtheirunderstanding about technicalspecification and requirements of the constructedshelter.
Following a livelihoodapproach and integrating cross-cutting issues consideringgender, disability, disasterpreparedness and vulnerability to housing conditions as a holisticapproach to reach the mostdisaster-affected people.
Problems and solutions PROBLEMS MET 1/ Wood quality (providers sometimes want to provide immature wood ) 2/ Availability of good quality wood in the local market 3/ Availability of local masons and carpenters GIVEN SOLUTIONS 1/ Need to train the team with the support of experienced carpenter who has indigenous / better knowledge about wood maturity. Also wood treatment oil (locally called “maittatel”) or powder is a must need. 2/ Need to foresee according to the context: an order for proper wood should be anticipated to avoid delays in the construction 3/ Need to be anticipated from the beginning of the program, otherwise, finding carpenter could delay the construction work.