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Innovations in housing care
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Innovations in housing care






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Innovations in housing care Innovations in housing care Presentation Transcript

  • Welcome to Presentation on Shelter Program of CARE Bangladesh
  • Shelter Prog. of CARE Bangladesh after Sidr
    • CARE Bangladesh supported the Sidr affected people through following shelter programs :
    • Transitional shelter : Distribution of shelter materials (Tent with fixation materials).
    • Const. of semi permanent family shelter including water and sanitation facilities.
    • Const. of School Cum-Cyclone Shelter.
  • Family Shelter constructed after Sidr and Aila
    • Shelter prog. after Sidr
    • 1,223 family shelters including water and sanitation facilities.
    • 2 school-cum cyclone shelters.
    • 2 schools were reconstructed.
    • Shelter prog. after Aila
    • 300 family shelters including water and sanitation facilities.
    • Transitional shelter for 920 families.
    • - Plinth raising for 1,500 households.
  • Design Feature of the house
    • House size : 15 ft x 18 ft.
    • : 2 rooms, 1 kitchen & 1 veranda.
    • Ceiling : 9 ft height.
    • Roof : Sloping roof made of 0.35mm CI sheet with steel frame. CI sheets are tied by J-bolts.
    • Wall cladding : Bamboo made tarza (Tarza is local name).
    • Pillar : Pre-cast reinforced cement concrete.
      • : 5 inch x 5 inch.
      • : Coarse aggregate -> ½ inch downgraded brick chips
      • : Fine aggregate -> Minimum 1.5 FM sand.
    • Reinforcement : 40 grade.
    • Mix ratio : 1:2:4.
    • Plinth : Earthen plinth.
  • Mode of Implementation
      • - Followed direct delivery strategy ;
      • CARE Bangladesh initially constructed 20 houses directly as pilot basis;
      • After that, different vendors supplied different materials and built the components separately. For example, one vendor supplied tarza fence, one supplied steel frame, one supplied RCC pillar & another one supplied CI sheet;
      • All construction activities were done under the close supervision of CARE employees;
      • PIC formed at community participated in the monitoring process under the guidance of CARE.
  • Strength of the Family Shelter Program
      • Due to the participation of community in the implementation process :-
      • Ownership developed;
      • Some benefit goes to the community;
      • Quality of construction was ensured;
    • Water and sanitation facilities was ensured.
  • Major Challenges
    • Setting up implementation strategy and standard specification;
    • Contractors quoted high price. CARE cancelled engaging contractors. As a result some days/months were elapsed;
    • Try to find out experienced PNGO in such activities;
    • Duplication of funding due to lack of coordination;
    • Land issue;
    • Selection of material. For example, wood or steel for frame;
    • Ensuring quality and standard specification;
    • CI sheet (at roof) rusted due to technical problem of the manufacturer, which were replaced;
    • Material price hike;
  • Value Added to the community
    • Constructed houses were mid range cyclone resilient. All the houses constructed after Sidr were subsisted with plinth soil erosion only in devastating Aila;
    • (But, yet community should go to a nearby RCC cyclone shelter during cyclone).
    • Community participation ensured transparency;
    • Direct Delivery strategy ensured some benefit for the communities as they were engaged in the process;
    • Ownership developed;
  • After construction of a family house
  • Drawing for housing
  • Drawing for housing
  • Drawing (cont)
  • Capacity : around 2,000 people.
  • Facilities provided in Cyclone shelter
    • Provision of school during non cyclone time.
    • Stair design is modified to ram for disabled person.
    • Part of connecting road is paved for easy access to shelter during cyclone.
    • Separate water and sanitation facility for men and women.
    • Provision of solar energy.
  • Implementation Strategy
    • LGED implemented engaging contractors;
    • Govt. PPR followed in the const. process;
    • CARE & LGED jointly monitored the const. activities;
    • Fund released uppon joint certification of CARE & LGED;