Innovations in housing carePresentation Transcript
Welcome to Presentation on Shelter Program of CARE Bangladesh
Shelter Prog. of CARE Bangladesh after Sidr
CARE Bangladesh supported the Sidr affected people through following shelter programs :
Transitional shelter : Distribution of shelter materials (Tent with fixation materials).
Const. of semi permanent family shelter including water and sanitation facilities.
Const. of School Cum-Cyclone Shelter.
Family Shelter constructed after Sidr and Aila
Shelter prog. after Sidr
1,223 family shelters including water and sanitation facilities.
2 school-cum cyclone shelters.
2 schools were reconstructed.
Shelter prog. after Aila
300 family shelters including water and sanitation facilities.
Transitional shelter for 920 families.
- Plinth raising for 1,500 households.
Design Feature of the house
House size : 15 ft x 18 ft.
: 2 rooms, 1 kitchen & 1 veranda.
Ceiling : 9 ft height.
Roof : Sloping roof made of 0.35mm CI sheet with steel frame. CI sheets are tied by J-bolts.
Wall cladding : Bamboo made tarza (Tarza is local name).
Pillar : Pre-cast reinforced cement concrete.
: 5 inch x 5 inch.
: Coarse aggregate -> ½ inch downgraded brick chips
: Fine aggregate -> Minimum 1.5 FM sand.
Reinforcement : 40 grade.
Mix ratio : 1:2:4.
Plinth : Earthen plinth.
Mode of Implementation
- Followed direct delivery strategy ;
CARE Bangladesh initially constructed 20 houses directly as pilot basis;
After that, different vendors supplied different materials and built the components separately. For example, one vendor supplied tarza fence, one supplied steel frame, one supplied RCC pillar & another one supplied CI sheet;
All construction activities were done under the close supervision of CARE employees;
PIC formed at community participated in the monitoring process under the guidance of CARE.
Strength of the Family Shelter Program
Due to the participation of community in the implementation process :-
Some benefit goes to the community;
Quality of construction was ensured;
Water and sanitation facilities was ensured.
Setting up implementation strategy and standard specification;
Contractors quoted high price. CARE cancelled engaging contractors. As a result some days/months were elapsed;
Try to find out experienced PNGO in such activities;
Duplication of funding due to lack of coordination;
Selection of material. For example, wood or steel for frame;
Ensuring quality and standard specification;
CI sheet (at roof) rusted due to technical problem of the manufacturer, which were replaced;
Material price hike;
Value Added to the community
Constructed houses were mid range cyclone resilient. All the houses constructed after Sidr were subsisted with plinth soil erosion only in devastating Aila;
(But, yet community should go to a nearby RCC cyclone shelter during cyclone).
Community participation ensured transparency;
Direct Delivery strategy ensured some benefit for the communities as they were engaged in the process;
After construction of a family house
Drawing for housing
Drawing for housing
Capacity : around 2,000 people.
Facilities provided in Cyclone shelter
Provision of school during non cyclone time.
Stair design is modified to ram for disabled person.
Part of connecting road is paved for easy access to shelter during cyclone.
Separate water and sanitation facility for men and women.
Provision of solar energy.
LGED implemented engaging contractors;
Govt. PPR followed in the const. process;
CARE & LGED jointly monitored the const. activities;
Fund released uppon joint certification of CARE & LGED;