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Experience sharing on resettlement in nw bangladesh
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Experience sharing on resettlement in nw bangladesh

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  • 1. Experience sharing on resettlement in N.W. Part of Bangladesh Eng. Dipok Chandra Roy Project Coordinator Infrastructure Services Programme Practical Action, Bangladesh
  • 2. Summary Views in resettlement
    • Working Areas are Gaibandha, Bagura, Sirajgonj and Faridpur
    • River eroded and flood prone areas of Bangladesh
    • Constructed 11 cluster village (1 under plan) small, medium & large in size.
    • 502 displaced extreme poor households were settled and 25 in plan at this moment
    • Plinth raised more 300 houses but in plan more than 700 houses
    • Cost very from Tk. 40000 to 135000.00
    • Tk. 8000 for plinth raised
    • Experience gathered from our Faridpur project, Govt. cluster housing project.
    • Integrated support addressed to the cluster village as per community needs
  • 3. Model -1 Model -2 Model -3 Model - 4
  • 4. Model-05 Model-06
  • 5. MAJOR DISASTERS and CHALLANGES IN the REGION FLOOD RIVER BANK EROSION TORNADO
  • 6. VULNERABILITIES
  • 7. THE ULTIMATE CONSEQUENCES MONGA, RAISING POVERTY and FEAR OF HUNGER ? http://images.google.com.bd/images
  • 8. ADDITIONALLY GLOBAL WARMING ? ? GLOBAL WARMING and MELTING GLACIERS
  • 9. A CASE ON RIVER ERODED COMMUNITIES IN BANGLADESH Project Title: Disappearing lands: Supporting Communities Affected by River Erosion Project Location Gaibandha
  • 10. Our Vision A world free of poverty and injustice In which technology is used to the benefit of all. Our Mission Practical Action aims to eradicate poverty in developing countries by developing and using technology, and by demonstrating results, Sharing knowledge and influencing others.
  • 11. Project Outcomes
    • Outcome : 1
    • The capacity of communities and support
    • Institutions enhanced to incorporate disaster
    • Mitigation strategies into natural resources
    • Management and planning
    • Outcome : 2
    • Unemployed and low income men and
    • women benefit through improved income
    • and employment opportunities and alternative
    • livelihood options
    • Outcome: 3
    • Disadvantaged men, women and children
    • have improved access to basic services
            • Outcome : 4
            • Disadvantaged men, women and children benefit from improved awareness and ability to articulate their civil and political rights
  • 12. THE APPROACH and INTERVENTIONS The project has undertaken very comprehensive and holistic approaches to address the needs and vulnerability of the target communities through Infrastructure Development Cluster Village- 4 Emergency Shelter-3 Community Clinic- 4 PrimarySchool-7 Community Volunteer Group Rapid Evacuation System WatSan Campaign Basic Health Campaign
  • 13. Step wise development of cluster village
    • 1. Site Selection criteria
      • Closer to the community
      • Better communication
      • Risk free area
      • Availability of land
      • Community participation and willingness to participation
    • 2. Negotiation with the land owners and LGI
    • 3. Land registration
    • 4. Land demarcation and Labor rate fixing
    • 5. Considerations for land development of the Cluster Village
    • 6. Earth Raising and natural compaction
    • 7. Plantation
    • 8. Beneficiaries selection
    • 9. Focus Group Discussion (FGD)
    • 10. Drawing, Design and Estimate finalization
  • 14.
    • 11. Capac city building to local masons and carpenters
    • 12. Construction of the cluster village
      • Housing unit
      • TW and community latrine
      • Community pond
      • Livestock shed
      • Community shop
      • Community hall, NFPE School, Community Clinic
    • 13. Beneficiaries shifting
    • 14. Associated livelihood options
      • Homestead gardening
      • Sheep rearing
      • Tailoring
      • Food processing
      • Fish culture
    • 15. Legal registration and ownership hand over to the beneficiaries
  • 15. Site Selection for
  • 16. Opening Ceremony of Earth Raising
  • 17. Earth Raising
  • 18. Plantation and Napier Grass
  • 19. Opening of cluster Village Construction
  • 20. Brick Crusting and Foundation Work
  • 21. Progress of Construction Works
  • 22. Carpentry Works and MS Rod works
  • 23. Facilities to the cluster village
  • 24. Continue
  • 25. Continue
  • 26. Continue
  • 27. Inauguration of Beneficiaries Shifting
  • 28. Livelihood Activities
  • 29. Livelihood Activities (Livestock)
  • 30. Livelihood Activities (Agriculture)
  • 31. Livelihood Activities (Fisheries)
  • 32.
    • Major Challenges
    • Bulk volume of land purchase in a place
    • Material transport during construction
    • Beneficiaries selection
    • Isolated from the main land
    • Establishment of their stability
    • House distribution
  • 33.
    • Impacts
    • Social
        • Beneficiaries have destination
        • Increase more interaction and relationship with the neighbors and relatives
        • They think themselves upgrade
        • Having no panic of eviction
        • Have access to education
        • Reduced migration
    • Financial
        • Save seasonal repair and maintenance cost for their housing
        • Can cultivate vegetables for nutrition and earning money
        • Have cattle shade and open land for Sheep, cow, goat and duck rearing
        • Neighbors show more interest to give them cow and land for share cropping.
        • Can cultivate fish in the pond for nutrition and earning money
        • Generated employment 29403 man days/CV during earth cutting to construction
  • 34.
    • Environmental
        • Less health related diseases due to having safe water and sanitation facilities
        • Food security increases
        • They think themselves safe from disaster like flood, tornado
        • Their living space is good and well ventilated
        • Save cultivable land for its development
        • A forestation
    Impacts
  • 35. Cluster village for 96 families –Picture 2007 Sub-Cluster for 12 families Picture - December 2010 Picture-December 2010
  • 36. Question?

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