Community participation risal ahmed


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Community participation risal ahmed

  1. 1. Community participation: lookingthrough an “outsider’s” eyesRisal Ahmed,Department of Architecture, BRAC UniversityJanuary 25, 2011
  2. 2. Community participation: lookingthrough an “outsider’s” eyesStructure of the presentation• Who am I ?• What is community participation?• Case: Disaster Resilient Habitat in Satkhira (Partners: peopleof Adarshagram, Padmapukur, Shaymnagar, Shatkhira. UNDP, BRACand the Department of Architecture, BRAC University)Risal AhmedDepartment of Architecture, BRAC UniversityJanuary 25, 2011
  3. 3. Who am I ? What are my identities? Architect Friend Carpenter Mason Accountant Student Outsider Brother Model Maker LaborTrying to become an architect
  4. 4. What is Community Participation? I’ll try to address this as we go on……
  5. 5. Product vs.Process
  6. 6. Product vs. ProcessProduct happens.If we take care of the process with love andcompassion good product happens.
  7. 7. Process happens from understanding context.Community participation is indispensable for theprocess.
  8. 8. Let’s take the case of Satkhira, to explain this,where I’m currently working.
  9. 9. Cyclone Aila hit the Bangladeshon Monday 25 May 2009_substantial damage acrossareas of southern Bangladeshand West Bengal._massive flooding_contaminated drinking watersources with seawater_killed the fish that people rearin the freshwater ponds satkhira_most houses, latrines havebeen washed away_the threat of water-bornediseases
  10. 10. The location of site satkhira
  11. 11. The location of site Adarsha Gram Kopothakho River Kholpetua River
  12. 12. The StepsInitial contactStudyDesign workshop 1: dream housesDesign workshop 2: options of real housesDemonstration houseConstruction of all houses and school with landscapingTransition
  13. 13. Initial contactCommunity people with the representatives from UNDP and from theDepartment of Architecture, BRAC University, 2009.
  14. 14. The settlement
  15. 15. StudyStrengths and Weaknessesof houses
  16. 16. Local houses, building materials and landscapeLocal House Materials Local plants•CGI Sheet •Golpatta (Nyper Fruiticans)•Asbestos •Garan•Golpatta (NyperFruiticans) •Keora•Garan Tree Branches •Gewa•Bamboo •Bain•Wood•Mud
  17. 17. The landscapeWithout the rhythm of rivers and tide
  18. 18. The landscapeWith the rhythm of rivers and tide
  19. 19. Change of landscape
  20. 20. Livelihood of people
  21. 21. StrengthsOf People•Survival Skills•Hard Working•Fishing Skills•Boating Skills•Boat Making Skills•Expert Mud WalkersOf Place•Easy WaterTransportation•Availability of Woodand Golpatta
  22. 22. WeaknessesOf People•Critical Minded•Complex (Back Talking)•No Sharing•Relief MindedOf Place•Salt Water•Soil Quality•Lack of Sweet Water•Cyclone Prone Area•Transportation
  23. 23. Design workshop 1: dream houses
  24. 24. Construction Season vs. “Funding Season”
  25. 25. Design workshop 2: options of real housesAt the Department of Architecture, BRAC University Participants: Masons, carpenters, poet, singer, mud-workers, house-owners, engineers, architects, disaster managers, students of architecture.
  26. 26. Our objective is to build “trust” before building houses.
  27. 27. trust = speed cost trust = speed cost “our distrust is very expensive”. “technique and technology areimportant, but adding trust is the issue of the decade.” (Stephen M R Covey, The speed of Trust)
  28. 28. Lets build a demonstration house“The outsiders”: animator, architects, engineers, disaster manager
  29. 29. Build “outsidersown house” first!
  30. 30. Building materials for demonstration house
  31. 31. “Sustainability”Sustainability in terms of global environmental pointof view might be questionable but sustainability interms of local needs and aspirations must not beignored.(K Hasibul Kabir and Fuad H Mallick, 2006, Spaces in the homesteads of the ultra-poor)
  32. 32. Demonstration houseTry to reduce the useof concrete whichhas high embodied Concreteenergy. Wood Clay tiles for roofing Flexibility / future expansion
  33. 33. Making ofstudy-model
  34. 34. Material purchase and transportation with/by house ownersand local builders
  35. 35. LearningThe tide and the mud The engineers
  36. 36. Hands-on constructionSharing of KnowledgeTechnical + TraditionalWorking Together
  37. 37. Hands-on construction
  38. 38. Design and drawings on site
  39. 39. Innovation / improvement on local building techniquesConcreteAppropriate cement, aggregate, water ratioUse of sweet waterAppropriate specification of reinforcementAppropriate curing
  40. 40. Use of local woodDiagonal and horizontal Cross-bracingsMetal clamps under postsMetal straps with roof framesGI wire tie with roof and concrete beams
  41. 41. Improvements of clay-roofing-tiles
  42. 42. Improvements of clay-roofing-tiles
  43. 43. freedom to design own spaces heightens aesthetic sensitivity. expectations are not limited to basic needs but are also extended to sensitivity about light, smell, sound, view, breeze and openness.(Fuad H Mallick and K Hasibul Kabir, 2007, Spaces in the homesteads of the ultra-poor)
  44. 44. “let’s participate”!!
  45. 45. Construction Committee‘Matbors’Tuesday andFriday meetingConflict managementNotice/information boards
  46. 46. Make IntelligentCompromisePreconceived Idea +Irrational Judgment‘Listen to ideas andopinions but we shouldbe rational and notconclusive’
  47. 47. 55 to 43
  48. 48. Transition and Critical Group Build capacity to build by themselves. concept diagram of a habitat in Satkhira
  49. 49. when a king dies, his people say:“he did this; he did that….”but when a great king dies, they say:“we did everything ourselves.”-old Chinese saying
  50. 50. THANK YOU