TABLE OF CONTENTS EASTER CHRISTMAS EVE ALL SAINTS’ DAY ST. NICHOLAS’ DAY ST. ANDREW’S DAYT.VALENTINE’S DAY
EASTER in polandIt is the most important and oldest Christian feast, celebrated in the remembrance of Christs Resurrection. On this day, Polish people eat a special breakfast with their relatives. Easter is preceeded by Holy Week. The last days of this week: HolyThursday , Good Friday, Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday are known in Poland as the Triduum Paschalne. Polish traditions and rituals:Easter palmsHoly Week begins with Palm Sunday. Easter palms can bemade of willow rod, sprigs of boxwood, raspberries,currants. They are decorated with flowers, moss, herbs,colorful feathers. Every Christian in Poland goes with hisEaster palm to church to be blessed by a priest. Later, theyare placed behind a holy picture or kept in the vases. Webelieve that Easter palms protect our flat s from misfortuneand malice neighbours.
Śmigus-dyngusŚmigus-dyngus - its all fun for teenagers. On this day you can pour some water atpeople and there is no difference whether it is your relative or a stranger.
*Easter eggChristians in Poland paint or dye hard boiled eggs and then go to church to consecratethem on Holy Saturday. The family shares these eggs and gives wishes to one anotherduring Easter breakfast. We believe that an egg is a symbol of life and rebirth.*Easter basketWe prepare An Easter Basket filled with food on Holy Saturday. In the basket youshould put a chocolate lamb (the symbol of Jesus Christ), meat or sausages, a bit ofhorseradish, butter ( a sign of prosperity ), a slice of bread and dyed eggs.
CHRISTMAS EVE Supper In the Christian tradition this festival commemorates the birth of Jesus Christ. Our traditions and rituals * The holly wafer The most important and most touching moment during Christmas Eve Supper is sharing the holly wafer with your relatives and friends. There is also an old Polish custom to invite lonely people to Christmas Eve Supper so that in the*Mightnight mass evening no one was leftSome Polish people attend Shepards’ Mass at alone and sad.midnight. It is a mass celebrated in church onChristmas Eve.
*Christmas CarolsCarols are Christmas songs which are sung during Christmas time. It is also the habit ofwalking from house to house with the wishes of Christmas and New Year. Christmas Tree During Christmas Eve almost every Polish family decorate a Christmas tree with glass baubles, candy, paper or plastic ornaments, and cookies. A star is usually put at the top which symbolizes the star of Bethlehem. The whole tree is lit with colorful lights.
GiftsThere is a custom of giving andgetting gifts on Christmas Eve.Children believe that the giftswere brought by Santa Claus andput under the Christmas tree forthem.Nativity scenes at churchesNativities are usually some models showing theinterior of the Bethlehem stable in which JesusChrist was born. There are also a baby Jesus in acrib , Mary and Joseph ,the Magi, shepherds , cattle,sheep, the Star of Bethlehem and angels.
12 dishesThere should be 12 meals on the table during Christmas Eve Supper. Everyone ought totry all of them in order to ensure happiness for himself/herself during the whole nextyear. The most traditional Polish dishes are: beetroot soup with dumplings, fried carpin jelly, cabbage with peas, cabbage with mushrooms, dumplings with cabbage, noodlesmixed with poppy seeds and honey.A little hay and an additional plateChristians should put a bit of hay under the tablecloth before eating Christmas supper.The hay symbolizes the poverty of the cave in Bethlehem where the baby Jesus wasborn. Moreover, a free plate at the table is left for a late and unexpected guest.
ALL SAINTS’ DAYAll Saints” Day is celebrated annualy on 1st November. Polish people visit thegraves of their loved ones, pray for them and light the candles.
ST. NICHOLAS’ dayIt is celebrated in Poland on December 6 in thehonor of St. Nicholas - the Bishop from Myra.During that day , relatives put small presents underthe pillows , in a shoe or in a large sock for theirpartners and children.
ST. ANDREW’s DayIt is celebrated on 30 November. Some teenagers in Poland play differentgames, organise parties or discos and have fun together .These are just some of the games played that day :Cards with namesOn a small piece of paper you should write some favourite names of boys /girls.*These paper cards should be tightly folded or rolled and then in the night of St.Andrew’s you should put them under a pillow in your bed. When you wake up,draw one card and the name on it, is supossed to be the name of your futureboyfriend/ girlfriend or even future wife/ husband.Peeling applesIf you want to get to know the first letter of yourfuture beloved’s name you should carefully peel anapple. Take care not to break the peel . Then youthrow the apple peel back ,over your left shoulderand read a letter which was created when it fell tothe floor.
Pouring hot waxYou can also try to foretell the name of your next boyfriend/ girlfriend by thepouring some hot wax by the key hole during St. Andrew’s Day.
ST. VALENTINE’S DAYValentines Day is celebrated on 14th February. During this day of lovers , weprepare or buy decorative Valentines cards. Valentine cards are usually red,heart-shaped with some romantic love confession. There is also a custom ofgiving a Valentines ‘s gift to your partner .
THIS PRESENTATION WAS MADE BYANNA DOBROWOLSKA FROM POLAND