Biomass heat and power - gasification CHP with universal biomass gasifier

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Biomass heat and power generation.
Universal gasifier 150 kWe to 1500 kWe.

http://www.cogenera.si/

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Biomass heat and power - gasification CHP with universal biomass gasifier

  1. 1. Biomass Gasification Technology for producing Electricity, Thermal energy and SynGas Universal gasifier
  2. 2. Company: Artim d.o.o., razvoj in projektiranje Biomass heating, power generation, ORC waste heat, waste management -10 years experience – Renewable energy: Biomass heating – 50 kW – 10 MW - 2010 – 2013: new technologies – partner company GB Conculting, Volter - Biomass heat and power: 30 kWel – 3 Mwel Micro cogeneration CHP, Universal gasifier, Down draft gasifier, Thermal and CHP plants - ORC – waste heat to power – 20-60 kW, 60-110 kW (80 - 116 °C) – low temperature technology - ORC (GreenMachine) - “Waste management” – tires, waste plastic and used oil to fuel - Waste plastic - Used tires - Used oil
  3. 3. CHP – heat and power from biomass Wood biomass and agriculture biomass
  4. 4. CHP – heat and power from biomass With Universal Gasifier Technology includs: - Preparation of biomass (drying + grinding to size <2mm) - Biomass gasification – “Universal gasifier” - Dry Syngas cleaning – only on solid particles, no tar technology, no water consumption - CHP unit – internal combustion engine and electric generator with power electronics - Process Control and remote monitoring
  5. 5. CHP – heat and power from biomass Machine assembly Biomass drying Flash dryer or rotary dryer Biomass grinding to <2-3 mm Hammer mill Gasification and cleaning of Syngas Universal gasifier “Gasifired Vergassen GB 3G Series” CHP unit Container unit or unit for machine room
  6. 6. Biomass preparation – one step drying and grinding – better energy efficiency
  7. 7. Biomass preparation – same machine as for pellet factory
  8. 8. Biomass preparation – one step drying and grinding – better energy efficiency, small space footprint
  9. 9. CHP – heat and power from biomass – Biomass pre-preparation for hammer mill Large size of biomass should be grinded to wood chips size, to enter hammer mill 6-12 mm and moisture 45% max. - for flash dryer > 15 mm and moisture >50% - for rotary dryer
  10. 10. CHP – heat and power from biomass – Universal gasifier, CE certified UG type gasifier can work with different kind of biomass - grinded to size less than 2 mm and with water content of max. 12%. Gasification works in "Entrained flow principle". Gasification process of biomass particles is very quick (0,5 - 4 sec.) - because of biomass size and temperature inside gasifier - 1200 - 1400°C. Produced syngas has only traces of tar, carbon conversion is very high. Characteristics of Universal gasifier : • biomass flexibility • biomass fuel size, is to be limited to <2-3 mm, water content max. 12% • dry Syngas cleaning only, no tar cleaning • different kind of biomass: wood, soya husk, sunflower husk, straw, ... • very small footprint of gasifier • typical payback is within 48 - 72 months • low maintenance, no operative risk, easy to operate • modular assembly • high carbon conversion: > 98 % • operation range from 40% - 100 % nominal power output
  11. 11. Entarined flow gasification 35 years old technology of coal gasification
  12. 12. CHP – heat and power from biomass – Power plant shematic
  13. 13. 1 MW power plant – example
  14. 14. CHP – heat and power from biomass 1 MW power plant with biomass storage - top view
  15. 15. CHP – heat and power from biomass – container CHP unit – 140 – 180 kWe
  16. 16. CHP – heat and power from biomass – container CHP - 500 kWel
  17. 17. CHP – heat and power from biomass –700 kWel Engine, generator, heat exchanger - for instalation in engine room
  18. 18. CHP – heat and power from biomass – Guascor CHP Engine room
  19. 19. CHP – heat and power from biomass Heat and power: - “Green electricity” – feed in tariffs - different from country to country - Heat power - 90 °C / 70 °C - Electricity – own consumption + feeding the greed - Heat – for drying, heating, …
  20. 20. CHP – heat and power from biomass Standard power units – basic parameters: • electric power, thermal power • wood biomass consumption • service and maintainance cost (approximate – dependent on location of installation and power CHP units) • approximate electricity consumption for biomass preparation • guaranteed working hours: 7500 hour / year (under defined conditions and biomass quality)
  21. 21. Biomass CHP 140 kWel / 220 kWthermal Gasifier UG 300, TEDOM 140 kW Biomass use and energy production 140 kWelectric / 220 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 1050 MWh (-105 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost - work + material : • Electricity for biomass preparation: 950 tons 945 MWh 1650 MWh 30.000 - 50.000 EUR 84.000 kWh
  22. 22. Biomass CHP 250 kWel / 370 kWthermal Gasifier UG 400, Guascor 250 kW Biomass use and energy production 250 kW electric / 370 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 1875 MWh (-187 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost - work + material: • Electricity for biomass preparation: 1650 tons 1688 MWh 2775 MWh 50.000 - 75.000 EUR 150.000 kWh
  23. 23. Biomass CHP 330 kWel / 500 kWthermal Gasifier UG 400, Guascor 330 kW Biomass use and energy production 330 kW electric / 500 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 2475 MWh (-248 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost – work + material: • Electricity for biomass preparation: 2180 tons 2227 MWh 3750 MWh 65.000 - 85.000 EUR 200.000 kWh
  24. 24. Biomass CHP 500 kWel / 750 kWthermal Gasifier UG 600, Guascor 500 kW Biomass use and energy production 500 kW electric / 750 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 3750 MWh (-375 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost – work + material: • Electricity for biomass preparation: 3350 tons 3375 MWh 5625 MWh 80.000 - 110.000 EUR 300.000 kWh
  25. 25. Biomass CHP 700 kWel / 1050 kWthermal Gasifier UG 600, Guascor 700 kW Biomass use and energy production 700 kW electric / 1050 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 5250 MWh (-525 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost – work + material: • Electricity for biomass preparation: 4850 tons 4725 MWh 7875 MWh 120.000 - 150.000 EUR 420.000 kWh
  26. 26. Biomass CHP 1000 kWel / 1500 kWthermal Gasifier UG 700, Guascor 2 x 500 kW Biomass use and energy production 1000 kW electric / 1500 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 7500 MWh (-750 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost – work + material: • Electricity for biomass preparation: 6700 tons 6750 MWh 10.500 MWh 170.000 - 210.000 EUR 600.000 kWh
  27. 27. Biomass CHP 1400 kWel / 2150 kWthermal Gasifier UG 800, Guascor 2 x 700 kW Biomass use and energy production 1400 kW electric / 2150 kW thermal , operation of plant: 7500 hours / year • Wood biomass consumption – 12% water content: • Electricity produced : 10.500 MWh (-1050 MWh – self consumption CHP)= • Thermal produced : • Maintenance and service cost – work + material: • Electricity for biomass preparation: 9600 tons 9450 MWh 16.100 MWh 220.000 - 270.000 EUR 840.000 kWh
  28. 28. Other technologies from Company Artim d.o.o. and partners
  29. 29. Volter - container CHP – 28 kWel or 40 kWel
  30. 30. Volter - container CHP – 28 kWel or 40 kWel 5 CHP plants in Finland, 3 plants - in construction in GB www.volter.si
  31. 31. Low temperature catalytic depolymerization www.biomasa-elektrika.si
  32. 32. Low temperature depolymerization Waste plastic, used oil or used tires Process 1 : used tires Process 2 : waste plastic, used oil
  33. 33. Low temperature depolymerization The products are: Poly-fuel® - „green“ synthetic (fuel) oil Poly-carbon® - soot (carbon) Poly-gas® - synthetic gas - Environmentally friendly, dealing with the comprehensive issue of waste disposal - Energetically independent, using the input material for its own operation, while at the same time it is possible to generate electric power and heat (CHP) or use of polyfuel in place of heating oil
  34. 34. ORC Green machine ElectraTherm Low temperature waste heat to electric power In Czech republic more than 15 instalations on Biogas power plants. Photo: 650 kW waste heat  42 kW electric power
  35. 35. www.biomasa-elektrika.si
  36. 36. Further informations: Artim d.o.o. Radoslav Irgl Virmaše 210 4220 Škofja Loka, Slovenia GSM : +386(0) 40 471 173 , +386(0) 51 233 453 Email : rado.irgl@artim.si, info@artim.si, www.artim.si , www.biomasa-elektrika.si

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