Radisys - Command and Control (C2) in LTE Networks
 

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The Radisys Aerospace & Defense team presented: Command & Control (C2) for LTE Networks on June 21, 2013. The presentation delves into how the exchange of information including voice, video and data ...

The Radisys Aerospace & Defense team presented: Command & Control (C2) for LTE Networks on June 21, 2013. The presentation delves into how the exchange of information including voice, video and data communications is critical to the success of the mission. They also explain that building an LTE network suitable for battlespace communications is relatively easy.

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Radisys - Command and Control (C2) in LTE Networks Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Evolving Command and Control to an LTE Infrastructure June, 2013 Harry Jensen, Colonel USMC (Retired) Director A&D Jeff Sharpe, Sr. Product Line Manager EPC/A&D Chandresh Ruparel, Product Line Manager Platforms Ray Adensamer, Product Line Manager MRF
  • 2. 2 Webinar Agenda  Command and Control (C2) in network- centric operations  Why commercial 4G/LTE in C2?  C2 use cases  Common Compute Platform benefits in C2  Battlefield Visualization  Summary, follow-up Questions & Answers
  • 3. 3 Needs for Command & Control (C2)  The nature of warfare has changed over time, often driven by technology.  However these aspects have remained constant for centuries: • Need to maintain effective C2 of troops • Ability communicate securely  Military missions today require Warfighters to operate disbursed across areas of responsibility of ever increasing size. Commanders must constantly know the location & status of their operational forces. Warfighters must be able to communicate for additional resources, regardless of geographic location. Mission success depends on it.
  • 4. 4 Challenges faced by Dispersed Operations  Modern military units are smaller, have to be more agile.  Too often, units cannot maintain line-of-sight communications with headquarters, let alone with other units operating even a few miles away: • Limits HQ ability to track dismounted Soldiers • Imposes severe limitations situational awareness Solving these problems with narrowband SATCOM solutions are impractical. SATCOM requires large and/or stationary antennas, high power radios & line-of-sight to the satellites, etc.
  • 5. 5 Net-Centric Warfare • Everyone & everything on Pentagon’s Global Information Grid • Army- LandWarNet • Air Force- Joint Airborne Layer Network • Navy- Automated Digital Network System • No self-defeating silos Ground Control Stations Platform/Sensor Commands Tactical Operations Center (TOC) Battlefield Conferencing: voice & data with push-to-talk To create the LandWarNet the Army has established the Common Operating Environment (COE) which is to leverage Commercial solutions to the fullest extent possible.
  • 6. 6 Tactical Decision Cycle How can we add speed & auto-intelligence to the process? OODA Loop Decide OrientAct Observe Success can only be achieved by acting inside the enemy’s cycle. Commercial C2 technology is the key enabler for adding auto-intelligence and speed. Rules of Engagement Initiate Kill Chain Data Mining Predictive Analysis
  • 7. 7 Combat Lessons Learned  Training and combat experience have taught me: Situational Awareness (SA) and speed in understanding what you are sensing are critical to mission accomplishment. Must act inside opponent’s tactical decision cycle: OODA Loop. To win in battle you must be able to move and shoot. In order to move and be lethal shooting, must be able to communicate on the move.
  • 8. 8 Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures  Pace of change in military tactics, techniques, & procedures (TTP) is increasing  Some TTP examples exposing technology capability gaps requiring more capable C2 are: • Precision Weapons • Distributed Operations • Proliferation of Unmanned systems- air, sea, & land • Overwhelming sensor input load • Increased analytics capability
  • 9. 9 Why COTS C2 Technology to Close Gaps?  PROBLEM: Budgets and technology risks driving change in acquisition strategies • Exquisite, custom systems are high risk, slow to deliver, and often not suitable outside lab (unintended consequences) • We can’t afford custom at quantity needed  SOLUTION: Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) HW & SW • Large ecosystems • Quicker time to market • Proven and mature • familiar to our Warfighters • Leading edge • Standards based, open architecture • Saves $$$$
  • 10. 10 By Evolving C2 to an LTE Infrastructure Situational awareness & speed to understanding= VICTORY AR goggles feed high resolution video capture feed from each soldier back to vehicle Each soldier can choose from a variety of views to show up on glasses: Video from another soldier Video from multiple soldiers in a mosaic UAV downlink Satellite Imagery GPS Position of other soldiers/vehicles [Vehicle has one video bridge per soldier with tiling and scaling] Video resolution for each soldier adjusts separately based on available bandwidth, priority requests, distance from the vehicle Soldiers can participate in audio bridge to exchange information Aalysts can push briefing material (videos, maps, intelligence) over downlink to vehicle and directly to soldier goggles Ruggedized PDA, tablet or laptop Augmented reality goggles capable of displaying video feed, capturing live video from helmet camera, and capturing GPS location
  • 11. Use Cases for compact, mobile LTE C2 network Jeff Sharpe Senior Product Line Manager EPC/A&D Harry Jensen, Colonel USMC (Retired) Director A&D
  • 12. 12 Ground Control Stations Platform/Sensor Commands Tactical Operations Center (TOC) Battlefield Conferencing: voice & data with push-to-talk Requirements in Network-Centric Operations End Goal • Everyone & everything on “worldwide grid”; no self- defeating silos • Situational awareness & speed to understanding are critical • OODA loop: observe, orient, decide & act • Shortens tactical planning to action cycle • End devises/interfaces that are easy for the Warfighter to use Getting the right information to the right people at the right time – No information overload
  • 13. 13 The Data Capacity Gap: Tactical versus Commercial Communications 1990 2000 2010 2020 COTS 10000000 1000000 100000 10000 1000 100 10 Proprietary SMSVoice Video Real-Time Multimedia 2G 2.5G 3G 4G 4G-Adv SINGARS EPLRS, LINK16 EPLRS JTRS DWTS JTRS HaveQuick MBITR NTDR SRW WNW PeakDataRatekb/s Web Bandwidth must increase Delivers much higher throughput < Peak proprietary throughput
  • 14. 14 Why LTE for Military Communications?  LTE provides the bandwidth to allow sharing/distributing information to include video  It is a proven technology: • LTE has been deployed worldwide • Both infrastructure and clients are cost effective  Client technology is familiar to the warfighter  Security software is being developed for A/D applications • It is a scalable technology • It can be built on open standard hardware • Radisys and our partners are experienced and trusted suppliers/partners to help you get there!
  • 15. 15 LTE Network Capabilities  Significantly increased peak data rates • >100Mbps DL, 50Mbps UL  Improved spectrum efficiency • Up to 4X compared to UMTS  Reduced round-trip latency • Real-time applications (e.g., tactical video conferencing)  Scalable bandwidth • 1.25MHz – 20MHz compared to UMTS 5MHz • High peak throughput enables rich content applications over LTE  Multiple frequency band allocation options • Paired (FDD) and Unpaired (TDD)  Compatibility with earlier systems • SAE supports Inter-RAT hand-offs • UMTS & CDMA2000 Metric Requirement Peak data rates DL: 100Mbps UL: 50Mbps (for 20MHz spectrum) Mobility support Up to 500kmph but optimized for low speeds: 0 to 15k mph Control plane latency (Transition time to active state) < 100ms (for idle to active) User plane latency < 5ms Control plane capacity > 200 users per cell (for 5MHz spectrum) Coverage (cell sizes) 5 – 100 km with slight degradation after 30km Spectrum flexibility 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10, 15 & 20MHz LTE Performance Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation
  • 16. 16 Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation Typical end-to-end LTE Infrastructure  RAN (Radio Access Network) eNodeB: Handles the air interface and conversion to wired network  Evolved Packet Core (EPC): Handles the call routing and switch  Controls who get access to information  IMS – Enhances the sharing of information
  • 17. 17  Platoon-Level Communications • Based in tactical vehicle or man wearable • RAN & EPC running on COM Express module w/ carrier card for air interface • Communications can also be backhauled to remote EPC  Equipment requirements • Ruggedized sealed box • Small Form Factor • Requirements that boxes in vehicles need to handle multiple applications. Ground Mobile Use Case
  • 18. 18 Ground Fixed  Base coverage or Asset protection (pipe line, border) • Base coverage: RAN & EPC could be combined. • Critical Asset protection: Multiple RANs with backhaul to EPC  Equipment Requirements • Ruggedization for RAN • EPC could be in Benign environment
  • 19. 19 Ship board deployments  Ship board communications • Mainly used for wireless data communication • Satellite uplink to land based network • Multiple RANs with backhaul to EPC • Redundant EPC  Equipment requirements • RANs will sealed and ruggedized • EPC will be in benign environment. Could be redundant rack mount servers (RMS) or 2U ATCA. Minor ruggedization required
  • 20. 20 Airborne Use Cases RAN Tactical Operations Center (TOC)  Wide area coverage • RAN in on UAV • Typically Satellite backhaul to EPC • EPC could be on UAV  Equipment requirements • RAN low SWaP, rugged sealed box. • EPC – Benign Environment (Tactical Operation Center) redundant RMS or 2U ATCA. Minor ruggedization – Data Center
  • 21. 21 SOP 303 Definition • The National Communications System's Standard Operating Procedure 303 (SOP 303) (Emergency Wireless Protocols) describes a shutdown and restoration process for use by commercial and private wireless networks in the event of a national crisis. Overview • Developed under the President's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, in coordination with representatives from the Federal Communications Commission, the Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the New York Department of Homeland Security and other government representatives, as well as private sector stakeholders.
  • 22. 22 Public Safety: 1st Responders Moore, Oklahoma May, 2013: • Cell towers damaged • Difficult voice communications • Spotty data service • Inter-Agency support for life saving activities Compact LTE Benefits Fire & Rescue  Contingency for network failure  Multi-Agency Support  Incident images/videos  Improved co-ordination  Up-to-date conditions Police & Security Disaster Management  Evidence collection  Response Coordination  Remote form entry  Remote access to content-rich databases  Videos and images from incident site for command centers  Inter and intra team group communication
  • 23. COTS Platforms for Aerospace and Defence Chandresh Ruparel Product Line Manager Platforms
  • 24. 24 Products  High Performance Intel based Compute  Media Processing  Digital Signal Processing (DSP)  Switching  Storage  System Software Customer Applications Intel Architecture Benefits Deep Packet Inspection, Traffic Shaping Femto, Small Cell Wireless Voice, Data & Video - LTE, 3G Mobile Video Military Comms Satellite Comms Network Monitoring UAV Ground Station Video Streaming IMS
  • 25. 25 Intel Inside: Network Appliances & COM Express Products  Computer on Module (COM) Express: Mobile, low power, small form factor, ruggedized, extended temperature  Network Appliance: High performance image processing, long-life solutions  ATCA: Wide range of Telecom-Grade Chassis/Blade architectures Applications  Network Security  Machine imaging  Portable Instruments  Defense Communications: Manned and Unmanned Ground Vehicles, Ruggedized Military Laptops  High-end graphics for COCs
  • 26. 26 Proven COTS Assets for Aero & Defense IP Media Resource Function (MRF) Network Appliance & COM ExpressAdvancedTCA
  • 27. 27  Today’s Warfighter requires what Radisys can deliver off the shelf:  Broad range of performance from handheld to enterprise servers  Fast development and deployment  Technology insertions without complete replacement  Open Standards-based COTS solutions  Secure/survivable on the move networks with Battlefield Cellular in a Box  Battlefield conferencing- voice, video, data  Integrated Missions facilitated with latest processing technology (dismounts, platforms, and backhaul to Ops Centers ashore or afloat)  Bottom Line: Radisys hardware & software technology is application-ready to become a key enabler of systems for the Warfighter on the battlefield from the center to the edge.  Radisys delivers the reliability, long lifetime, and excellent support that your program demands.  ISO9000, TL9000 certified at multiple locations  ITAR registered, # M28204 7-10 Radisys Adds Value to our Customers’ products for their military customers
  • 28. Battlespace Visualization Ray Adensamer Product Line Manager MRF and Conferencing
  • 29. 29 IMS delivers common services core for any IP access network or video device Mobile Laptop IP WAN Tablet Corporate IP VPN IMS Services Core Small Screen Video HD Video Corporate HD Video Wireline Broadband DSL, Cable HD MCU Application Server (AS) Smartphone Home Office (SMB) Office Desktop Head Office Telepresence Mobile Broadband 4G/LTE, WiFi, HSPA Media Resource Function (MRF) Video Content/ Storage Enterprise UC SIP with MSML control interface MSML = Media Server Markup Language (RFC 5707) = XML-based, feature-rich programing interface for controlling video media processing functions of MRF Radisys MRF Classified 3rd party Conferencing Application or Radisys SIPware Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation SIP RTP
  • 30. 30  A&D Use Cases similar to IMS commercial capabilities  Voice, Data communications.  Video Distribution  IP Video conferencing  Control information overload  Make sure the right people get the right information Applying IMS to A&D Use Cases Voice, Video, Pictures
  • 31. 31 Radisys MRF Video Conferencing Modes and Functionality  Voice Activated Video Switching • Model optimized for residential and mobile video markets • Everyone sees current speaker • Up to 16 full duplex video participants per conference • Additional participants joined as video receive-only; only limited by platform resources  H.263 Continuous Presence (CP) (4 split and 6 split display) • Multi-pane displays • Provides a more immersive experience  Each end-point can have unique custom mix  Capabilities exposed through open SIP with MSML control interface • IP application server can be programmed to “control” the video conference mixing CP Tactical Display (6-way) Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation
  • 32. 32 Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation Bringing it all together… Radisys Integration Flexibility Radisys MRFRadisys Trillium Total eNodeB and EPC Video Conferencing Application Software Software Components Combine on single “right-sized” platform suitable for application Small ATCA chassis or Rack Mount Server (RMS) Ground Station Controller (GCS) Platform Options Applications High-capacity ATCA chassis Ship-wide mobile broadband communications Radio Specialist ComE board UAV
  • 33. 33 Battlefield Visualization Opportunities and Applications Integrated Soldier with heads-up video display connected to ComE (in backpack) running LTE and SIP video client Battlefield Cellular in a Box; 3G / LTE / 4G Tactical Operations Center (TOC) Field-level audio/video conference mixing Battlefield-level audio/video mixer on ATCA – consolidates distributed mixers from aerial and field units using cascaded conferencing Wireless backhaul to TOC Wireless connections with aerial video Centralized Command and Control Dismounted Soldier with ruggedized PDA or laptop w/ COM Express inside Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation
  • 34. Conclusions Harry Jensen, Colonel USMC (Retired) Director A&D
  • 35. 35 LTE for C2 Benefits  Proven Technology • LTE being deployed in large commercial networks today • Radisys media server – over 4M ports deployed in commercial networks  Economical • Open standards-based equipment and software minimizes capex and ongoing opex costs  Security • Commercially-available security technology (i.e. IPsec) available for media and control signalling.  Flexibility • Open software supports rapid integration. • “Right-sized” processing platforms – from ComE to ATCA  Delivers tactical advantage in the battlefield • Superior communications leads to superior results Copyright © 2012 – Radisys Corporation
  • 36. 36 Webinar Synopsis  The need to deploy broadband communication on the battlefield is obvious  Commercial technologies/LTE with modification are the best solution: • Most of the development has been done. • They are proven to scale from small to large deployments  There are multiple deployment models with different hardware requirements.  Use cases and deployment models will rapidly evolve with new technology and requirements
  • 37. 37 Radisys Aerospace and Defense Radisys Inside atc PFS COMe+Trillium COMe COMe+Trillium ATCA ATCA COMe MRF ATCA COMe
  • 38. 38 Questions & Answers ~Please fill out our short survey~ We Value Your Feedback Harry Jensen, Colonel USMC (Retired) Director A&D Jeff Sharpe Senior Product Line Manager EPC/A&D Chandresh Ruparel Product Line Manager Platforms Ray Adensamer Product Line Manager MRF and Conferencing Thank you for attending!