Article 1 This article discussed about the RFID technology that start being used by a University ofPune library in India. Through the history, RFID technology is consistent with the IFF systemuse in World War II in order to detect an enemy plane. Just like the use of RFID technology inlibrary nowadays, it is used to detect an irresponsible patron who wants to take a library materialout without permission or at least borrow it at circulation counter. RFID technology is start beingused in library since 1990s. The first tables in this article briefly show the development of RFIDand it clearly state that it has been develop from IFF system. There are four types of RFIDtechnology which is RFID tags, RFID reader, antennae and RFID hand reader. Each of thistype of RFID technology has its own advantages and they are connected together for exampleRFID reader is connected through antennae. As to provide a better services in the library tohandle more than 450 000 collection including non printed material such as CD ROM, JayakarLibrary, University of Pune take initiative to start using a library management system packagesin their library in year 1990s. Starting from that, all the material in the library are recorded intothe bibliographic database or known as Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC). Figure 2 showthe first time use of OPAC in Jayakar Library, University of Pune. It is an example of theopening page of their OPAC. In 2000, Jayakar Library, University of Pune move forward byusing a barcode technology to help in circulation system but realize the technology is notproductive enough. At last, they decide to apply RFID technology into their library since it is oneof latest technology use in several libraries to improve in their management. The library useRFID reader which is communicate with RFID tags and as this RFID reader connected to theRFID antennae, Jayakar Library, University of Pune use a long-range reader which can trace 40items at one time while the patrons pass away the gate so that it may helps the librarian intracking the irresponsible patrons who wants to take the library item out from the library withoutborrowing at circulation counter. However, there are so many barrier may occurred in handlingRFID technology into a library such as the staff librarian were not technology literate. Thisproblem happens because it is a first time use and they need training. Figure 3 show theLSmart module of LibSys software which is also one of the barrier faces by Jayakar Library,university of Pune in applying RFID technology. Different vendor may supply a differentsoftware and hardware of RFID technology so a library needs their own library staff which isexpert in this technology because they cannot simply copy how the other library use thistechnology is their library. In order to provide training to the library staff, it may take a cost andit creates a new problem in financial. Not just that, to apply this technology itself the library has
to spend a lot of money. Other than that, environmental factor, problem in electricity also hasbecome a barrier because any technology need electricity but electricity likes a critical problemthat has to be face by many libraries in India. Although there is a list of barrier that may be faceby the library in order to applied RFID technology into their library but Jayakar Library,University of Pune succeeds to manage it. Since RFID technology is applied into this library, ithas increase the effectiveness in their library services and makes the work easier to the librarystaff. With the RFID technology, the patrons can borrow or return a material with one clickwithout wasting their time. Figure 4 and 5 show the effectiveness of this technology and all ofthis can be easily handled by the patrons by themselves. Other than that, the security of thelibrary collection also has improved by after this technology is applied into the library. If inprevious the irresponsible patrons can easily take the library material out but with the newtechnology Jayakar Library, University of Pune get to arrest up to seven patrons who isirresponsible to take the library material out without charging. Not just that, in plate 2 also hasshow the example how RFID hand reader is been using to trace a misplace or lost library itemfor example book. Once the “beep” sound is heard, it is mean that the misplace or lost libraryitem has been found. The decision to use RFID technology into the Jayakar Library, Universityof Pune is a correct which is it has give more benefit to them but although the technology give athousand advantages to the user, there are still the disadvantages that the has to seriously takea look or discuss before make a decision to use it and hopefully it may give a benefit in longterm since to apply any technology may increase the financial.
Citation Bensode, S. Y. & Desale, S.K. (2008). Implementation of RFID technology in Universityof Pune Library. Emerald,43(2), 202-214. Retrieved 23 February, 2010 fromwww.emeraldinsight.com