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The Pilgrims and Puritans

The Pilgrims and Puritans






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    The Pilgrims and Puritans The Pilgrims and Puritans Presentation Transcript

    • The Pilgrims Who were they? Where were they from? Why did they come to America?
    • Read page 168
    • William Bradford
      • Leader of a group known as “Separatists” in England.
      • He and His group decided to leave England and start their own settlement where they could practice religion as they pleased.
      • They became known as “Pilgrims.”
      • Pilgrim– a person who journeys for religious reasons.
    • Why did the pilgrims leave England?
    • Pilgrims
      • September 1620– set sail for Virginia in their ship called The Mayflower .
      • Due to bad weather, The Mayflower landed much farther north.
      • They called the land “New England.”
      • They settled near a rocky harbor called “Plymouth.”
    • Mayflower Compact
      • A plan of government for their colony that would make “just and equal laws…for the good of the colony.”
      • Another important step toward self-government in the colonies (like the House of Burgesses).
      • It was signed by all the men aboard The Mayflower.
    • Hardships
      • Pilgrims were weak from the long voyage.
      • They faced freezing weather.
      • Hunger
      • Disease
      • In the first three months of the colony, nearly half the settlers died.
    • What effect did weather have on the pilgrims when they reached Plymouth?
    • Squanto
      • Helped the Pilgrims by showing them the best hunting and fishing areas. He also taught them how to grow corn in the rocky New England soil.
      • The Pilgrims invited the Native Americans to a feast of Thanksgiving.
      • They ate deer, wild duck, lobster, fish, cornbread, pumpkin, squash, berries, and wild plums. The celebration lasted for three days and included parades, games, and races.
    • Puritans
      • Another group from England who came to “The New World” for religious reasons.
      • They learned from the hardships of Jamestown and Plymouth.
      • Massachusetts Bay Colony
      • Boston was their settlement.
      • Very successful in creating a settlement!
      • Very religious
      • Anyone who didn’t agree with their beliefs were made to leave their colony.
    • Why was the Puritan colony so successful?