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13 English Colonies
 

13 English Colonies

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    13 English Colonies 13 English Colonies Presentation Transcript

    • The 13 English Colonies
    • Read page 176
      • How would you feel as an indentured servant?
      • What do you think you should do next?
    • Geography of the 13 Colonies New England Colonies Southern Colonies Middle Colonies
      • Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut
      • Thin, rocky soil made it a difficult place to farm
      • Rich in timber, fish, & whales
      New England Colonies
      • New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware
      • Called “The Breadbasket of the Colonies” because farmers grew so much wheat
      • The Delaware River and the Hudson River were good for transporting goods.
      Middle Colonies
      • Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
      • Warmest climate of the colonies and the longest growing season for farmers
      • Rich soil produced valuable crops such as tobacco and rice.
      Southern Colonies
      • How did different climates affect the way that land was used in each region? (see page 177)
    • Roger Williams
      • An outspoken young minister in Salem, Massachusetts
      • He believed that the government should not punish citizens for what they believe.
      • Puritan leaders forced him to leave Massachusetts.
      • He traveled south and founded a new settlement called Providence, which was the start of a new colony called Rhode Island.
      • Rhode Island became the first English Colony in North America to offer complete religious freedom to its settlers.
    • Anne Hutchinson
      • She was also forced to leave Massachusetts because of her religious beliefs.
      • She moved to Rhode Island to live a life of religious freedom.
      • Read pages 184-185 to read more about her and Roger Williams.
    • Thomas Hooker
      • A Puritan Minister who wanted more religious freedom
      • He and his followers founded the colony of Connecticut.
    • Describe the accomplishments of Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker. (see page 178)
    • King Charles II James, Duke of York
    • William Penn
      • King Charles II borrowed money from William Penn’s Father.
      • Penn asked for land as repayment.
      • Penn wanted to build a colony based on his religious beliefs.
      • He was a Quaker – a person who didn’t believe in war.
      • William Penn said that his new colony would be a “holy experiment” where people of different nations and of all religions could live together in peace.
    • William Penn
      • He promised to pay Native Americans a fair price for land.
      • He wrote letters to the Lenni Lenape Indians saying, “I desire …that we may always live together as neighbors and friends.”
      • Philadelphia– Pennsylvania’s main settlement; it means, “city of brotherly love.”
      • Read page 183.
    •  
    • In one sentence, explain William Penn’s goals for the colony of Pennsylvania.
    •  
    • Lord Baltimore
      • Kings Charles I gave a large section of land to Lord Baltimore.
      • He named his colony Maryland.
      • It became a safe place for Catholics and Protestants.
    • James Oglethorpe
      • Helped to found the last of the English Colonies in North America.
      • He thought of a plan to have people who owed money in England to live in a colony in America.
      • He called the Colony Georgia, after the King of England at that time, King George II.
      • His first settle was named Savannah.
    • Population Growth of the Colonies
    • Growth of the English Colonies
      • From 1650 to 1700, the population of the colonies increased from 50,000 to over 250,000.
      • By 1750, the population had reached one million.
    • Fill in the web with information about each colonial region. Colonial Regions New England Colonies Middle Colonies Southern Colonies
    • In which of the colonial regions would you have liked to live? Explain your choice.