Air barrier paper Definition-A material used as both a vapor retarder and air barrier. It keeps the sheathing dry and unharmed from weather conditions, any water that penetrates is allowed to be released as water vapor.
Attic Ventilation-Soffit Vent Why it is needed- Allows air to flow into the attic or space below the roof sheathing
Ridge Vent Why it is needed- to allow air to circulate in and out of a gable roof at the ridge.
Gable Vent Why it is needed- exhausting excess heat and humidity from the attic
Roof Turbine Why it is needed- removes heat from the attic and then replaces it with outside air
Backhoe Definition and type of work performed- a hydraulic excavating machine consisting of a tractor having an attached hinge boom, with a bucket with movable jaws on the end of the boom. They do earth work removing soil. Width of bucket- 24”
Batter Boards Definition and function- one of the number of boards set horizontally to support strings for outlining the foundation plan of a building
Wood Shingle clad structure Definition of wood shingle- A shingle made from wood that was commonly used before other shingles were manufactured. Definition of wood shake- a wooden shingle that is made from split logs.
Egress Window from Bedroom Width-30 in Height-60 in Area- 1800 in squared Sill height AFF- 24” State IBC requirements- opening size of 5.7 feet squared. No more than 44 in. above or below finished grade. Minimum net width 20 in. net hieght minimum 24 in. The window meets all of the requirements because it meets all of the criteria.
Stair Studied Tread dimension-13-1/4” Riser dimension-7 “ IBC code requirements for tread and riser- Tread min 10’ Riser max 7-3/4 “ These stairs meet code because they reach both criteria.
Control Joint Definition- Scored lines they put in by the cement finisher to provide a predictable, weakened straight line for the concrete to break along as it cures, shrinks and settles .
Isolation Joint Definition-Isolation joints are used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement between two materials
1 CMU= 3 Brick Courses Definition and important aspects of CMU- large rectangular brick used in construction. Made from cast concrete. The are structurally strong and quick to assemble. Typical dimensions are 8” by 8” by 16”
Side Light Definition- a window at the side of a door or another window.
Power Pole with a Transformer Function-A device used to transfer electric energy from one circuit to another, especially a pair of multiply wound, inductively coupled wire coils that effect such a transfer with a change in voltage, current, phase, or other electric characteristic.
Service Head Function- brings electricity fro the transformer to the meter.
Meter Function- measures the kilowatts that are being used by the building
Service Panel Function- is the main panel or cabinet through which electricity is brought into the building and then distributed to various branch circuits.
Duplex Receptacle Function- to allow access to electricity for anything that requires power.
Front End Loader Definition- a loader having a shovel or bucket at the end of an articulated arm located at the front of the vehicle. Used for picking up and the transportation of dirt and materials on site. Does not dig like a backhoe or push like a bull doser.
Gypsum Board wallboard composed primarily of gypsum and often used as sheathing.
Heat Pump a device that uses a compressible refrigerant to transfer heat from one body, as the ground, air, or water, to another body, as a building, with the process being reversible. Cant work at low temperatures. Pays for themselves fast
Air handling unit Is a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system.
Blanket insulation Purpose- Batts and rolls are available in widths suited to standard spacing of wall studs, and attic or floor joists. Continuous rolls can be hand-cut and trimmed to fit. They are available with or without facing.
Loose fill insulation Purpose- foam, or other materials. These small particles form an insulation material that can conform to any space without disturbing any structures or finishes. This ability to conform makes loose-fill insulation well suited for retrofits and for places where it's difficult to install some other types of insulation.
Foamed Insulation Liquid foam insulation materials can be sprayed, foamed-in-place, injected, or poured. Their ability to fill even the smallest cavities gives them twice the R-value per inch than traditional batt insulation.
Ridged board insulation Purpose- can be used to insulate almost any part of your home, from the roof down to the foundation. They provide good thermal resistance and often add structural strength to your home. Foam board insulation sheathing reduces heat conduction through structural elements, like wood and steel studs.
Concrete Lintel Definition- a horizontal architectural member supporting the weight above an opening, as a window or a door.
Mortar Joint #1 Concave joint Tooled Size 3/8” Brick clad university building Type S
Mortar Joint #2 Tooled- Raked Size 3/8” Brick clad university building Type s mortar
Oriented Strand Board A nonveneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bounded together under pressure