Trimester 3 Basketball Review

Send up a person from your team
If you know the answer grab the ball
1 point for a correct ...
Where do most volcanoes on earth occur?
• Along tectonic plate boundaries
How does silica affect the viscosity of magma?
• More silica means high viscosity…which
means it is thick and doesn’t flow as easily
Which is younger, layer D or intrusion A?
• Intrusion A
Based on the seismic readings, which location is
nearest to the epicenter of the earthquake?
• The seismic station in Oregon is closest
What are the three types of sedimentary rock?
• Chemical
• Clastic
• Organic
What is the relationship between the size of
mineral crystals and the cooling rate of an
igneous rock?
• The slower the magma cools, the larger the
crystals
Using the graph, how many years will it take
50% of the C-14 to decay?
• 5730x2=11,460 years
Why is C-14 not used to date objects over 50000
years old?
• After 50000 years, there is not enough parent
material left to measure
The preserved remains of living organisms are
called?
• Fossils
What is the S-P interval of the seismogram?
• About 40 seconds (39ish)
If the S-P interval of
an earthquake is 47
seconds, how far
away was the
earthquake?
• 460 km
The order of seismic waves
• Primary (P)
• Secondary (S)
• Surface (L)
The oldest rock layer in the picture
• Layer I
The youngest rock layer in the picture
• Layer H (intrusion)
What is the difference between magma and
lava?
• Magma is molten rock underground, while
lava is the same thing on the surface.
Predict the silica content of magma with low
viscosity.
• Low viscosity means that the lava would flow
easily. This would mean a low silica content.
How are the rocks
forming at A
different from
rocks forming at
B?
• Rocks at A are intrusive, they cool slowly from
magma and would have larger mineral crystals
• Rocks at B are extrusive,...
Most earthquake hazards are on the West coast.
Why do you thing there is an elevated
earthquake risk here?
• There must be an active fault in the middle of
the continent
Fossils that are used to pinpoint ranges of time
within rock layers and help scientists to correlate
layers of rock are kn...
• Index Fossils
Which organism would make the best index
fossil?
• Organism A would be best…it is only found in
1 layer and is abundant and occurs over a
large geographic area
The process of sequencing rock layers from
oldest to youngest based on their position.
• Relative dating
The type of volcano with steep sides and
alternating layers of lava and ash. It has the
most violent eruptions
• Composite or Stratovolcano
This law/principle states that in undisturbed
rock layers, each layer is older than the one
above it
• Principle of Superposition
Portions of rock layers that are missing or
altered due to erosion and other disturbances
are called _______________
• Unconformities
The type of volcano made of lava flows with
gentle sloping sides
• Shield volcano
Which environment would be least likely to provide
conditions for fossil formation?
A dried up lava flow

A dried up river...
• A dried up lava flow
The intersection of the 3 circles indicate the
_____ of an earthquake
• epicenter
If you are at a seismic station and there are no Swaves detected from an earthquake, what can
you assume about the earthqu...
• The earthquake was on the other side of the
Earth. The S-waves were stopped by the liquid
outer core.
Based on the graphic, a Plinian eruption reads
what on the VEI scale?
• VEI = 8
If Mt. Holly erupts with a VEI of 5, how long would
you expect there to be between the next eruption?
• 100’s of years
Name one way a large volcanic eruption could
affect one of the spheres
• Geosphere – creates new land, ash adds nutrients
to soil
• Hydrosphere – ash gets into waterways and
sediment builds up,...
Which type of boundary is responsible for the
volcanoes in Hawaii?
• Hawaii is not on a boundary but is the result
of a hot spot.
What was most likely the cause of the events in
this picture?
• This tsunami was most likely caused by a large
earthquake under water
What type of metamorphic rock has mineral
bands aligned in layers as pictured below?
• foliated
Which type of
metamorphic rock
requires the most
heat and pressure to
form?
• Gneiss
Using the half life of radioactive elements
enables you to determine the ______ age of a
rock or fossil.
• absolute
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Trimester 2 basketball review 2014 qa

  1. 1. Trimester 3 Basketball Review Send up a person from your team If you know the answer grab the ball 1 point for a correct answer and a chance for a bonus point for getting the ball through the hoop from the line!
  2. 2. Where do most volcanoes on earth occur?
  3. 3. • Along tectonic plate boundaries
  4. 4. How does silica affect the viscosity of magma?
  5. 5. • More silica means high viscosity…which means it is thick and doesn’t flow as easily
  6. 6. Which is younger, layer D or intrusion A?
  7. 7. • Intrusion A
  8. 8. Based on the seismic readings, which location is nearest to the epicenter of the earthquake?
  9. 9. • The seismic station in Oregon is closest
  10. 10. What are the three types of sedimentary rock?
  11. 11. • Chemical • Clastic • Organic
  12. 12. What is the relationship between the size of mineral crystals and the cooling rate of an igneous rock?
  13. 13. • The slower the magma cools, the larger the crystals
  14. 14. Using the graph, how many years will it take 50% of the C-14 to decay?
  15. 15. • 5730x2=11,460 years
  16. 16. Why is C-14 not used to date objects over 50000 years old?
  17. 17. • After 50000 years, there is not enough parent material left to measure
  18. 18. The preserved remains of living organisms are called?
  19. 19. • Fossils
  20. 20. What is the S-P interval of the seismogram?
  21. 21. • About 40 seconds (39ish)
  22. 22. If the S-P interval of an earthquake is 47 seconds, how far away was the earthquake?
  23. 23. • 460 km
  24. 24. The order of seismic waves
  25. 25. • Primary (P) • Secondary (S) • Surface (L)
  26. 26. The oldest rock layer in the picture
  27. 27. • Layer I
  28. 28. The youngest rock layer in the picture
  29. 29. • Layer H (intrusion)
  30. 30. What is the difference between magma and lava?
  31. 31. • Magma is molten rock underground, while lava is the same thing on the surface.
  32. 32. Predict the silica content of magma with low viscosity.
  33. 33. • Low viscosity means that the lava would flow easily. This would mean a low silica content.
  34. 34. How are the rocks forming at A different from rocks forming at B?
  35. 35. • Rocks at A are intrusive, they cool slowly from magma and would have larger mineral crystals • Rocks at B are extrusive, they cool quickly from lava and have smaller mineral crystals
  36. 36. Most earthquake hazards are on the West coast. Why do you thing there is an elevated earthquake risk here?
  37. 37. • There must be an active fault in the middle of the continent
  38. 38. Fossils that are used to pinpoint ranges of time within rock layers and help scientists to correlate layers of rock are known as _______
  39. 39. • Index Fossils
  40. 40. Which organism would make the best index fossil?
  41. 41. • Organism A would be best…it is only found in 1 layer and is abundant and occurs over a large geographic area
  42. 42. The process of sequencing rock layers from oldest to youngest based on their position.
  43. 43. • Relative dating
  44. 44. The type of volcano with steep sides and alternating layers of lava and ash. It has the most violent eruptions
  45. 45. • Composite or Stratovolcano
  46. 46. This law/principle states that in undisturbed rock layers, each layer is older than the one above it
  47. 47. • Principle of Superposition
  48. 48. Portions of rock layers that are missing or altered due to erosion and other disturbances are called _______________
  49. 49. • Unconformities
  50. 50. The type of volcano made of lava flows with gentle sloping sides
  51. 51. • Shield volcano
  52. 52. Which environment would be least likely to provide conditions for fossil formation? A dried up lava flow A dried up river bed A dried up tar pit A block of glacial ice
  53. 53. • A dried up lava flow
  54. 54. The intersection of the 3 circles indicate the _____ of an earthquake
  55. 55. • epicenter
  56. 56. If you are at a seismic station and there are no Swaves detected from an earthquake, what can you assume about the earthquake’s location in relation to where you are?
  57. 57. • The earthquake was on the other side of the Earth. The S-waves were stopped by the liquid outer core.
  58. 58. Based on the graphic, a Plinian eruption reads what on the VEI scale?
  59. 59. • VEI = 8
  60. 60. If Mt. Holly erupts with a VEI of 5, how long would you expect there to be between the next eruption?
  61. 61. • 100’s of years
  62. 62. Name one way a large volcanic eruption could affect one of the spheres
  63. 63. • Geosphere – creates new land, ash adds nutrients to soil • Hydrosphere – ash gets into waterways and sediment builds up, gases get incorporated into water cycle causing acid rain • Atmosphere – gases and ash are transported long distances by wind, temperatures may cool as some gases cause the deflection of sunlight • Biosphere – living things are destroyed by many of the hazards, food chains are disrupted
  64. 64. Which type of boundary is responsible for the volcanoes in Hawaii?
  65. 65. • Hawaii is not on a boundary but is the result of a hot spot.
  66. 66. What was most likely the cause of the events in this picture?
  67. 67. • This tsunami was most likely caused by a large earthquake under water
  68. 68. What type of metamorphic rock has mineral bands aligned in layers as pictured below?
  69. 69. • foliated
  70. 70. Which type of metamorphic rock requires the most heat and pressure to form?
  71. 71. • Gneiss
  72. 72. Using the half life of radioactive elements enables you to determine the ______ age of a rock or fossil.
  73. 73. • absolute
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    Recortar diapositivas es una manera útil de recopilar información importante para consultarla más tarde.

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