Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Intro to chem
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Intro to chem

448

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
448
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Introduction to Basic Chemistry<br />
  • 2. I. Building Blocks of Matter:<br />MATTER is made up of the smallest BASIC particle called an ATOM<br />(matter is anything that has mass…pretty much everything around you)<br />
  • 3. <ul><li>Atoms have 2 main parts:</li></ul>NUCLEUS: central region that contains protons & neutrons<br />
  • 4. ENERGY LEVEL or ELECTRON CLOUD: area outside the nucleus that contains the electrons<br />
  • 5. <ul><li>Made up of 3 kinds of subatomic particles</li></ul>PROTONS: positive charge<br />NEUTRONS: neutral (no charge)<br />ELETRONS: negative charge<br />
  • 6. II. Properties of Atoms<br />Atoms are electrically NEUTRAL<br />Number of ELECTRONS is equal to the number of PROTONS<br />
  • 7. 2. In nature, atoms will BOND to other atoms to become stable<br />ELECTRONS are part of why atoms bond together<br />
  • 8. There are 2 types of electrons<br />CORE and VALENCE electrons:<br /> ***Valence Electrons: OUTSIDE electrons <br /> that are involved in bonding.<br />
  • 9. 3. BONDING: an attraction within atoms to form a chemical compound<br />All atoms are electrically neutral but are UNSTABLE until they form an attraction with another atom<br />The outermost energy level may SHARE, LOSE, or GAIN electrons to form a BOND and become stable<br />
  • 10. Two types of bonds found within atoms:<br />1. Covalent: Atoms share electrons (can be single, double, or triple)<br />
  • 11. Two types of bonds found within atoms:<br />2. Ionic: When one or more electrons is lost from one atom and transferred to another<br />

×