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Human Genetics
I. 5 Human Patterns of Inheritance:a.   Complete Dominance (Basic Mendelian Genetics)b.   Incomplete Dominancec.   Co-domi...
a. Complete Dominance• Traits inherited are either DOMINANT or  RECESSIVE• Ex. BB, Bb, bb
b. Incomplete Dominance• Traits inherited show a new phenotype  that is a BLENDING or MIXING of  parental alleles   –HETER...
Incomplete Dominance cont.Ex: 4 o’clock flowers, snapdragons, Tay Sach’s Disease
Incomplete Dominance cont.Ex: 4 o’clock flowers, snapdragons, Tay Sach’s Disease
Incomplete Dominancecont.Ex: 4 o’clockflowers, snapdragons, TaySach’s Disease
c. Co-dominance• Trait inherited shows a new phenotype that  EXPRESSES BOTH parental alleles  –HETEROZYGOUS condition resu...
Co-dominance continuedEx: Roan Horse                 X
Co-dominance continuedEx: Roan Horse, Dalmatian
d. Sex Linked Traits• Traits are controlled by genes on  the X or Y chromosomesa. _X linked traits can be passed on   to m...
X-Linked Traits1. Affect the X chromosome2. _FEMALES tend to be CARRIERS and                                 XtY  pass on ...
Examples:
Hypertrichosis –Human Werewolf Syndrome:         Congenital generalized hypertrichosis (CGH)                 Rare, X-linke...
Colorblindness          Self Test:NUMBERS: 5 | 8 | 9 | 5 | 3 | 5 | 9 | 10 |
Hemophilia
Male Pattern Baldness
Genotypes of Male Pattern Baldness
e. Polygenic Traits• Traits are controlled by  MULTIPLE gene pairs1.Genes may be on same or  different chromosomes2.Expres...
II. How to study patterns of inheritance infamilies Two Methods: 1. _KARYOTYPE: Photograph of an individual’s    chromosom...
Typical Karyotype: Normal Individual               Pattern of Inheritance:               Normal Chromosome               P...
2. _PEDIGREE CHART: Diagram to show genetic traits and used to map genetic traits through generationsa. Shows   SEX, PHENO...
Human genetic inheritance patterns
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Human genetic inheritance patterns

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Transcript of "Human genetic inheritance patterns"

  1. 1. Human Genetics
  2. 2. I. 5 Human Patterns of Inheritance:a. Complete Dominance (Basic Mendelian Genetics)b. Incomplete Dominancec. Co-dominanced. Sex-Linkede. Polygenic
  3. 3. a. Complete Dominance• Traits inherited are either DOMINANT or RECESSIVE• Ex. BB, Bb, bb
  4. 4. b. Incomplete Dominance• Traits inherited show a new phenotype that is a BLENDING or MIXING of parental alleles –HETEROZYGOUS results in a blending of two alleles –Use 2 different CAPITAL letters to represent (neither allele is dominant or recessive)
  5. 5. Incomplete Dominance cont.Ex: 4 o’clock flowers, snapdragons, Tay Sach’s Disease
  6. 6. Incomplete Dominance cont.Ex: 4 o’clock flowers, snapdragons, Tay Sach’s Disease
  7. 7. Incomplete Dominancecont.Ex: 4 o’clockflowers, snapdragons, TaySach’s Disease
  8. 8. c. Co-dominance• Trait inherited shows a new phenotype that EXPRESSES BOTH parental alleles –HETEROZYGOUS condition results in the expression of both alleles – Use 2 different capital letters to represent
  9. 9. Co-dominance continuedEx: Roan Horse X
  10. 10. Co-dominance continuedEx: Roan Horse, Dalmatian
  11. 11. d. Sex Linked Traits• Traits are controlled by genes on the X or Y chromosomesa. _X linked traits can be passed on to males and femalesb. _Y linked traits can only be passed to males
  12. 12. X-Linked Traits1. Affect the X chromosome2. _FEMALES tend to be CARRIERS and XtY pass on the trait to their sons -3. Females can be affected but BOTH X chromosomes must have the gene for the trait - XtXt
  13. 13. Examples:
  14. 14. Hypertrichosis –Human Werewolf Syndrome: Congenital generalized hypertrichosis (CGH) Rare, X-linked dominant trait Found in a single multigenerational Mexican family
  15. 15. Colorblindness Self Test:NUMBERS: 5 | 8 | 9 | 5 | 3 | 5 | 9 | 10 |
  16. 16. Hemophilia
  17. 17. Male Pattern Baldness
  18. 18. Genotypes of Male Pattern Baldness
  19. 19. e. Polygenic Traits• Traits are controlled by MULTIPLE gene pairs1.Genes may be on same or different chromosomes2.Expressed trait varies greatlyEx. Hair color, eye and skincolors, height, weight
  20. 20. II. How to study patterns of inheritance infamilies Two Methods: 1. _KARYOTYPE: Photograph of an individual’s chromosomes arranged in homologous pairs and can be viewed underneath a microscope a. Used to identify problems with chromosomes • _ABNORMAL NUMBERS • _DAMAGED OR BROKEN • _TO DETECT GENETIC DISEASES
  21. 21. Typical Karyotype: Normal Individual Pattern of Inheritance: Normal Chromosome Pattern Abnormality: None Notation: 46, XY, Male
  22. 22. 2. _PEDIGREE CHART: Diagram to show genetic traits and used to map genetic traits through generationsa. Shows SEX, PHENOTYPE S, and GENOTYPES of family membersb. Can predict patterns of inheritancec. Uses symbols
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