Big Ideas: Living Systems are made up of 5 types of molecule a. Water b. Carbohydrates c. Lipids d. Proteins e. Nucleic Acid Sugars/Starches All help to maintain HOMEOSTASIS Fats DNA & RNA
2. Organisms are made up of different arrangements of these molecules, giving all life a biochemical framework.
II. Inorganic vs. Organic Living systems can be categorized into inorganic and organic molecules. 1. INORGANIC: molecules containing 1 or no carbon atoms Ex: H2O, CO2, NaCl
2. ORGANIC: molecules containing 2 or more carbon atoms Ex: hydrocarbons (fuels like methane), Carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
III. Chemistry of Water Essentials: Most CELLS are surrounded by water and cells themselves are about 70-95% water The abundance of water is the major reason Earth is habitable and essential for all living things.