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    Alislam i c revised 2007-final Alislam i c revised 2007-final Document Transcript

    • É ΟŠÏm§9$# Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$# «!$# Οó¡Î0(In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent and the Magnificent) AL-I S L A M: Inception to Conclusion. ® Researched and authored by: Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed Mehar. PhD.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 2 AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion. ® © 2003: Dr Iftikhar Ahmed Mehar. PhD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this book may be used or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the author. Library of Congress Catalog Number: TXu 1-109-647 / 2003093322 ISBN: 1-4107-3272-X (Paperback) ISBN: 1-4107-3271-1 (e-book) ISBN: 1-4107-3272-X (CD-Rom) Published and printed in United States of America. THE COVER The Front-cover depicts the Surah Fattah, the opening chapter of the Holy Quran.It is the most recited Surah by Muslims, as it is a mandatory part of every prayer byMuslims all over the world. On average, every Muslim recites this prayer at least seventeentimes a day!4th Edition. Revised: 2007
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 3INTRODUCTION This book attempts to explain the essentials of Islam from its inception to its conclusion.It was designed as an instrument to help the reader understand the basic beliefs and thecircumstances that brought about Islam. This book traces the origins of humankind and followsthe fate of the appointed Islamic prophets and messengers of Allah (SWT) who were sent to thepeople and tribes of their times. This book has been written using the following works: • The relevant portions (ayahs) of the Holy Quran have been reproduced in their original forms using the Arabic texts. It is a mandatory rule of Islam that the Holy Quran should be quoted in the exact words as it was revealed in Arabic, the language that was in use by the tribe of Prophet Mohammed (SAW). Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall, Abdullah Yusuf Ali, and other prominent scholars have translated the relevant ayahs. However, instead of using classical English for the translations, most of the relevant texts in this book have been replaced by the English terms used in everyday speech. • The Ahadeeth of Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, and other published works, which have been universally accepted to be the factual references. • The widely read and appreciated Arabic guide, Qassas Al-Ambia (Stories of the Prophets) by Imam Abi Al-Fidaa Ismail Ibne Al-Kathir and its English translations. • Information from various Islamic Web sites. In this book, the following applicable connotations have been used: (SWT) = Subhan Wa Tallah: one of the many titles of Allah (SWT) (AS) = Assalaato Salaam: Peace is upon him. (SAW) = Salleh Allah Wa-Sallim: Prayers and Salaams be showered upon him. (RA) = Raazi Allah-o-Anhuwa; Allah’s Pleasure on him. The names of the prophets and angels have been written in these texts as they appear inthe Quran. However, their names as they appear in the other holy books have been identified inthe titles of the chapters. Verbs and descriptions within the book relating to Allah (SWT) beginwith a capital letter. I believe that the contents of this book will help those who know little or nothing aboutIslam. It will also help those Muslims who were born and raised in the West. If I have succeededin my effort to help you understand Islam, please include my family and me in your prayers! I am dedicating this book to my parents and grandparents, all of whom led, what isbelieved to be a righteous life. They guided their children to observe the simple tenets of Islam atall times. May Allah (SWT) Grant them eternal peace and Shower upon them all Hisblessings on the Day of Judgment. Ameen! E Mail Add: IftikharMehar@Yahoo.Com; AbddALISLAM@Yahoo.Com; AbddALISLAM_SlaveOfALISLAM@Yahoo.Com. www.ALISLAMIC-Servant.Com $ www.AbddALISLAM.Com
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 4CONTENTSThe Creator – Allah .......................................................................................... Page: 005Basic Islamic Beliefs .......................................................................................... Page: 010The Angels .......................................................................................... Page: 011The Jinn .......................................................................................... Page: 014Prophet Adam (AS) .......................................................................................... Page: 017Prophet Shiith (Sheth) (AS).................................................................................. Page: 027Prophet Idrees (Enoch) (AS)................................................................................. Page: 028Prophet Nuh (Noah) (AS)..................................................................................... Page: 029Prophet Hud (AS) .......................................................................................... Page: 035Prophet Saleh (AS) .......................................................................................... Page: 039Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (AS)......................................................................... Page: 043Prophet Ismail (Ishmael)....................................................................................... Page: 052Prophet Lut (Lot) (AS)......................................................................................... Page: 056Prophet Ishaaq (Isaac) (AS).................................................................................. Page: 060Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob) (AS).............................................................................. Page: 061Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) (AS)............................................................................... Page: 066Prophet Shu’aib (Jethro) (AS).............................................................................. Page: 085Prophet Ayoub (Job) (AS).................................................................................... Page: 088Prophet Musa (Moses) (AS)................................................................................. Page: 092The Nations of the Israelites................................................................................. Page: 128Prophet Dawud (David) (AS)............................................................................... Page: 133Prophet Suleiman (Solomon) (AS)....................................................................... Page: 138Prophet Yunus (Jonah) (AS)................................................................................. Page: 146Prophet Shi’a (Isaiah) (AS)................................................................................... Page: 149Prophet Aramaya (Jeremiah) (AS)........................................................................ Page: 151Prophets Zikariah (Zachariah) and Yahyah (John) (AS)...................................... Page: 155Prophet Eisa (Jesus) (AS)..................................................................................... Page: 158Prophet Mohammed (SAW)................................................................................ Page: 167Revelations about Prophet Mohammed before his birth..................................... Page: 198Comments of Prominent People about Prophet Mohammed.............................. Page: 200True Islam ..................................................................................................... Page: 203The Eminence of Women in Islam...................................................................... Page: 213Comments about Islam by Prominent People...................................................... Page: 217The Final Revelations: The Holy Quran.............................................................. Page: 220Comments about the Holy Quran by Prominent People...................................... Page: 223This Life and the Next Life.................................................................................. Page: 225The Death: The Life in Suspension...................................................................... Page: 229The Al-Mahdi ...................................................................................................... Page: 232The Last Hour – The Signs................................................................................... Page: 235The Last Hour – The Promised Messiah.............................................................. Page: 237The Last Hour – The Resurrection and the Eternal Life...................................... Page: 239About The Author: .............................................................................................. Last Page
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 5THE CREATOR – ALLAH. (SWT)⎯Íνωôϑpt¿2 ߉ôã§9$# ßxÎm7|¡ç„uρ ∩⊇⊄∪ tΑ$s)ÏoW9$# šU$ys¡¡9$# à⋅Å´Ψãƒuρ $YèyϑsÛuρ $]ùöθz šX÷y9ø9$# ãΝà6ƒÌム“Ï%©!$# uθèδ y߉ƒÏ‰© θèδuρ «!$# ’Îû šχθä9ω≈pgä† öΝèδuρ â™!$t±o„ ⎯tΒ $pκÍ5 Ü=ŠÅÁãŠsù t,Ïã≡uθ¢Á9$# ã≅Å™öãƒuρ ⎯ÏμÏGx‹Åz ô⎯ÏΒ èπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$#uρ x u ∩⊇⊂∪ ÉΑ$ysÎRùQ$# He it is Who shows you the lightening, a fear and hope, and raises the heavy clouds. The thunder hymns His praise and so do the angels, for awe of Him. He launches the thunderbolts and smites with them whom He will while they dispute, in doubt, concerning Allah, He is mighty in wrath. (Quran: 13/12-13) The first and foremost belief of the three main monotheistic religions, Judaism,Christianity, and Islam, is that this universe, which literally means, all that is visible, whateversurrounds it, and all its inhabitants are a creation of a single entity, always addressed as Godwith a capital “G” in the universal English language. However, when the written word “god”starts with the lowercase “g,” it has to have an associated function with it: as in god of war, godof wind, or god of sunlight. The first and foremost Islamic condition is to have an absolute conviction that Allahliterally and truly exists, and that He has created everything in the universe and whatever is in theheavens. He has no partners, nothing likewise or similar and is the only deity worthy of worship.Another essential belief is that Allah (SWT) possesses all the characteristics of perfection andcompleteness. ∩⊆∪ 7‰ymr& #·θàà2 …ã&©! ⎯ä3tƒ öΝs9uρ ∩⊂∪ ô‰s9θムöΝs9uρ ô$Î#tƒ öΝs9 ∩⊄∪ ߉yϑ¢Á9$# ª!$# ∩⊇∪ î‰ymr& ª!$# uθèδ ö≅è% Say, He is Allah, the One, Allah the Self-Sufficient. He begets not, nor is He begotten. There is none comparable to him. (Quran: 112/1-4) The word Allah is simply an Arabic word for God. Allah is used in the Arabic texts ofboth Christians and Jews. This is because “Allah” is the only word in the Arabic language thatequals the English word “God” with a capital “G.” Unlike the English language, the Arabiclanguage does not have capital letters. The important fact to observe is that the word “Allah” cannot be made plural, nor can itbe associated with a masculine or feminine gender. The English words “god” or “gods” can beused to describe the masculine and feminine genders. Islam clearly and distinctly teaches thathumankind should only say about God what He has said about Himself. It means that all ourideas about God must be based on the Revelations and not on human speculations. For if thehuman mind is allowed to speculate, the stage will be set for misconceptions to take root. In Aramaic, the language spoken by Prophet Eisa (Jesus) (AS), the word “El” is used forGod. Phonetically “El” sounds closer to Allah than God does. The Hebrew uses the words “El”and “Elah” for God. The reason for these similarities is that Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic are allSemitic languages with common origins.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 6 A more accurate translation of the word “Allah” into English would be, “The One andOnly God,” or “The One True God,” or “The One who deserves all worship.” This fact dispelsmisconceptions and doubts in the minds of those who perceive that Allah, as revealed by the lastProphet, Mohammed (SAW), is different from the God of the Prophets Nuh (Noah) (AS),Ibrahim (Abraham) (AS), Musa (Moses) (AS), Dawud (David) (AS), and Eisa (Jesus) (AS). ∩⊆∪ É⎥⎪Ïe$!$# ÏΘöθtƒ Å7Î=≈tΒ ∩⊂∪ ÉΟŠÏm§9$# Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$# ∩⊄∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# Å_Uu‘ ¬! ߉ôϑysø9$# Praise is to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. The Beneficent, The Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgment. (Quran: ½-4)Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have the common claim of being “Abrahamic Faiths,” andpractice “monotheism.” Only pure monotheism is the message of AL-Islam. Al-Islam literallyand actually means complete and total submission, without any exceptions, in monotheism toAllah (God).” Islam does not end with the mere belief in monotheism, but also holds that aMuslim (any individual from Islam) must worship only Allah. All nations of the humanity hadbeen so directed by all the Prophets and Messengers of Allah, including those just named.Therefore AL-Islam irrevocably accepts all the Prophets and The Messengers mentioned in TheHoly Books; The Book; The Torah; The Scriptures; The Bible and The Final Quran. It is againstThe Faith to deny the Prophethood of any Prophet! One most important observation is thatISLAM is the only monotheistic religion, apart from Christianity, which unconditionally acceptsthat Prophet Eisa (AS) (Jesus) is one of the true Prophets and The Messengers of Allah. Anyother belief about Prophet Eisa (AS) (Jesus) is unIslamic and unacceptable to Islam. The universal teachings of Islam, even though they are translated into every majorlanguage, are forever preserved in the Arabic language: the language of the last Prophet,Mohammed (SAW), and the last Revelations, the Quran, were received in the same language. Topreserve its integrity, it is mandatory to refer to the Quran in its original text, as the translationscan be maneuvered to mislead or misrepresent. The ultimate truth of Islam is its unshakablebelief in the unity and oneness of God. This fact is above reproach! Whatever term is used, “Allah” or “God,” it is the same and refers to the same Deity. Itallows and encourages the user to fear Him, seek refuge with Him, and seek closeness to Him.This affects the life of the believer. It compels him towards good behavior as he feels that Allahhas come closer to him. The believer feels an inner strength urging him to overcome his fears.Most of all, the believer performs every deed with a very strong inner-belief that Allah (SWT) isWatching over him.ãΝ≈n=¡¡9$# â¨ρ‘‰à)ø9$# à7Î=yϑø9$# θèδ ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω ”Ï%©!$# ª!$# uθèδ ∩⊄⊄∪ ÞΟŠÏm§9$# ß⎯≈oΗ÷q§9$# uθèδ ( Íοy‰≈y㤱9$#uρ É=ø‹tóø9$# ÞΟÎ=≈tã ( uθèδ ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω “Ï%©!$# ª!$# uθèδ uâ™!$yϑó™F{$# ã&s! ( â‘Èhθ|Áßϑø9$# ä—Í‘$t7ø9$# ß,Î=≈y‚ø9$# ª!$# uθèδ ∩⊄⊂∪ šχθà2Îô³ç„ $£ϑtã «!$# z⎯≈ysö6ß™ 4 çÉi9x6tGßϑø9$# â‘$¬6yfø9$# Ⓝ͓yèø9$# Ú∅Ïϑø‹yγßϑø9$# ß⎯ÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# ∩⊄⊆∪ ÞΟŠÅ3ptø:$# Ⓝ͕yèø9$# uθèδuρ ( ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ’Îû $tΒ …çμs9 ßxÎm7|¡ç„ 4 4©o_ó¡ßsø9$# He is Allah, other than whom there is no God, the Knower of the invisible and the visible. He is the Beneficent, the Merciful. He is Allah, other than whom there is no God, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Peace, the Keeper of Faith, the Overwhelming, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Superb. Glorified be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Shaper out of nothing, the Fashioner. His are the most beautiful names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Him, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 7 (Quran: 59/22-24) The human race and the Jinns are going to be asked what concept of God was in theirminds when they were praying or worshipping. If they say Allah or God, it will be accepted. Onthe other hand, if they say the Creator, the Magnificent, the Merciful or any other quality orname of Allah – there are ninety-nine known names and some more hidden names of Allah leftfor us to discover – it will also be accepted! We, as the human race, will be held accountable atthe end of our lives for all our deeds, good or bad. We will be asked these questions: • What were our performances in response to God’s demands? • What did we do, by ourselves, to secure a righteous place for our eternal life in Paradise? • What were our beliefs in His Messengers and the Revelations, most notably the Final Revelation, the Quran? The Holy Quran in reality is a message for the whole of humankind. Everyone shouldread it to understand it and to learn about the purpose of his or her life in this universe. It is aliving miracle and has not stopped amazing those who study it. A lot of its revelations, revealedand written more than fourteen hundred years ago, are being analyzed and utilized every day, forthe benefit of humanity. In this age of rapid discoveries, it has been proved to be an invaluablesource of information for those who want to understand it. Because its messages and guidanceare timeless and they do apply at all times. It is a true reflection of what is perceived by us to beour image and that of what surrounds us. It is the only true guide for the betterment of a humanfrom inside out and that will help improve the humanity. True wisdom demands that you adopt a religion that suits you. The mere fact that onewas born among a religious family does not automatically grant the benefits of that religion. Therituals must be personally performed by every individual for himself. Thus being raised in aMuslim family or a Muslim nation does not automatically make a person a Muslim entitled toclaim all the benefits of the Hereafter unless all the rituals of Islam are observed and practiced. The true religion is to obey the commandments and the prohibitions that Allah (SWT) hassent through His Prophets. True wisdom demands that a person make decisions using thefaculties of the mind instead of simply following bodily urges! A sound mind will lead while thebody will mislead.ωs)sù (#θßϑn=ó™r& ÷βÎ*sù 4 óΟçFôϑn=ó™r&u™ z⎯↵Íh‹ÏiΒW{$#uρ |=≈tGÅ3ø9$# (#θè?ρé& t⎦⎪Ï%©#Ïj9 ≅è%uρ 3 Ç⎯yèt7¨?$# Ç⎯tΒuρ ¬! }‘Îγô_uρ àM÷Κn=ó™r& ö≅à)sù x8θ•_!%n ÷βÎ*sù t ∩⊄⊃∪ ÏŠ$t6Ïèø9$$Î/ 7ÅÁt/ ª!$#uρ 3 à≈n=t6ø9$# šø‹n=tã $yϑ¯ΡÎ*sù (#öθ©9uθs? χÎ)¨ρ ( (#ρy‰F÷δ$# t So if they dispute with you, say, “I have submitted my whole self to Allah and so have those who follow me.” In addition, say to the People of the Book and to those who are unlearned (Illiterate Arabs): “Do you also submit yourselves?” If they do, they are in the right guidance, if they turn back, your duty is to convey the Message; and in Allah’s sight all are His servants. (Quran: 3/20) NAMES OF ALLAHALLAH: First Name AR-RAHMAN: The BeneficentAR-RAHIM: The Merciful AL-MALIK: The Sovereign LordAL-QUDDUS: The Holy AS-SALAM: The PeaceAL-MUMIN: The Guardian AL-MUHAYMIN: The ProtectorAL-AZIZ: The Mighty AL-JABBAR: The Compeller
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 8AL-KHALIQ: The Creator AL-BARI: The EvolverAL-MUSAWWIR: The Fashioner AL-GHAFFAR: The ForgiverAL-QAHHAR: The Subduer AL-WAHHAB: The BestoverAR-RAZZAQ: The Provider AL-FATTAH: The OpenerAL-ALIM: The Knowledgeable AL-MUIZZ: The HonorerAR-RAFI: The Exalter AL-KHAFIZ: The AbaserAL-BASIT: The Expender AL-QABIZ: The ConstrictorAL-ADL: The Just AL-HAKAM: The JudgeAL-BASIR: The All Seeing AS-SAMI: The All HearingAL-MUZILL: The Dishonorer AL-GHAFUR: The ForgiverAL-AZIM: The Great AL-HALIM: The ForbearerAL-KHABIR: The Aware AL-LATIF: The Subtle OneAL-MUQIT: The Maintainer AL-HAFIZ: The PreserverAL-KABIR: The Most Great AL-ALI: The Most HighAS-SHAKUR: The Appreciative AL-MUJIB: The ResponsiveAR-RAQIB: The Watchful AL-KARIM: The GenerousAL-JALIL: The Sublime One AL-HASEEB: The ReckonerAL-BAITH: The Resurrector AL-MAJEED: The Most GloriousAL-WADUD: The Loving AL-HAKEEM: The WiseAL-WASI: The All Embracing AL-MATEEN: The Firm OneAL-QAWI: The Strongest AL-WAKIL: The TrusteeAL-HAQQ: The Truth AS-SHAHEED: The WitnessAL-MU’ID: The Restorer AL-MUBDI: The OriginatorAL-MUHSI: The Reckoner AL-HAMEED: The PraiseworthyAL-WALI: The Protector AL-WAJID: The FinderAL-QAYYUM: The Self-Subsisting AL-HAYEE: The AliveAL-MUMIT: The Death Creator AL-MUHYI: The Life GiverAL-QADIR: The Able AS-SAMAD: The EternalAL-AHAD: The One AL-WAHID: The UniqueAL-MAJID: The Noble AL-AAKHIR: The LastAL-AWWAL: The First AL-MUAKHKIR: The DelayerAL-MUQADDIM: The Expediter AL-MUQTADIR: The PowerfulAL-MUTA’ALI: The Most Exalted AL-WALI: The GovernorAZ-ZAHIR: The Manifest AR-RAOOF: The CompassionateAL-AFUW: The Pardoner AL-MUNTAQIM: The AvengerAL-MUGHNI: The Enricher AL-GHANI: The Self-Sufficient
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 9AL-JAAMAY: The Gatherer AL-MUQSIT: The EquitableAL-HAADI: The Guide AN-NOOR: The LightAN-NAAFAY: The Propitious AD-DAARR: The DistresserAL-MAANAY: The Preventer AS-SABOOR: The PatientAL-BAQI: The Everlasting AL-BADEI: The IncomparableAL-WARIS; The Inheritor AL-MUTAKABBIR: The Majestic AT-TAWWAB: The Acceptor of Repentance AR-RASHEED: The Guide to the Right Path AL-BARR: The Source of All Goodness MALIK-UL-MULK: The Eternal Owner of All Sovereignty ZUL-JALAL-E-WAL-IKRAM: The Lord of Majesty and Bounty
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 10THE BASIC ISLAMIC BELIEFS The Islamic beliefs are an integration of the principles revolving around the Creator, theprophecy and the unseen, including the existence of Angels, Jinns and the Resurrection forJudgment Day. Islam accepts all The Prophets and The messengers without reservation, from theFirst Prophet, Adam (AS), to the Last Prophet and The Messenger, Mohammed (SAW). Deviation, no matter how slight, from these principles takes one out of the circle ofbelief. Re-entry into the circle of belief can only be gained by overcoming those individualdoubts and fully accepting the following five principles. These principles of belief are very simple and easy to understand: 1. THE CREATOR: Everything about Allah (SWT) is what Allah (SWT) has told us about Himself; including His actions and counteractions. 2. THE PROPHECY: Allah (SWT) has been providing to mankind the medium of His Revelations through all of His Prophets and Messengers; some of whom received and delivered these messages in the Holly Books: The Book; The Scriptures; The Torah, The Bible, and The Quran. 3. THE UNSEEN: The Unseen is an event that will positively happen; but its timing is as per the Will of Allah (SWT). No one can predict the Unseen accurately, although the relevant signs are present! The Unseen is the future; it is death and the life of suspension and immobility in the grave. It is the Mahdi, the second coming of Jesus; and it is the Qiyamah, the end of the universe, also known as Armageddon or doomsday! And Finally The Day of Judgments!Ç⎯ôγÏèø9$$Ÿ2 ãΑ$t6Éfø9$# ãβθä3s?uρ ∩⊆∪ Ï^θèZ÷6yϑø9$# ĸ#txø9$$Ÿ2 â¨$¨Ψ9$# ãβθä3tƒ tΠöθtƒ ∩⊂∪ èπtãÍ‘$s)ø9$# $tΒ y71u‘÷Šr& !$tΒρ ∩⊄∪ èπtãÍ‘$s)ø9$# $tΒ ∩⊇∪ èπtãÍ‘$s)ø9$# u ∩∈∪ ÂθàΖyϑø9$# The Calamity! What is the Calamity? Ah, what will convey unto you what the Calamity is! A day wherein mankind will be as thickly scattered moths. And the mountains will become as carded wool. (Quran: 101/1-5). Included in the category of the Unseen are all the angels, some of whom have been specifically named. The Angels can only execute all the commands of Allah (SWT). 4. THE RESURRECTION: Whenever Allah (SWT) Wills all His creations, humankind, jinns and other creatures will be resurrected in their original bodies and their souls will be restored to them. 5. THE JUDGMENT DAY: After the Resurrection, every soul will have to provide an account of his own individual actions and beliefs in the court of Allah (SWT). All the actions of the individual-self will be there, as irrefutable evidence, and will be put on the scales of justice. The tipping of the scale will determine the eternal abode of the individual concerned. If the scale tips in his favor, he will be sent to Paradise; if the scale goes against him, and if Allah (SWT)’s Mercy is not invoked, the Fire Pits of Hell will be his abode.3 …çμ¡øtΡ ª!$# ãΝà2â‘Éj‹y⇔ãƒuρ 3 #Y‰‹Ïè/ #J‰Β& ÿ…çμuΖ÷t/uρ $yγoΨ÷t/ ¨βr& öθs9 –Šuθs? &™þθß™ ⎯ÏΒ ôMn=Ïϑtã $tΒρ #ŸÒøt’Χ 9öz ô⎯ÏΒ ôMn=Ïϑtã $¨Β <§øtΡ ‘≅à2 ߉Éfs? tΠöθtƒ | t t r u y ∩⊂⊃∪ ÏŠ$t7Ïèø9$$Î/ 8∃ρâ™u‘ ª!$#uρOn the day when every soul will find itself confronted with all that it has done of good and all that ithas done of evil, every soul will long that there might be a mighty space of distance between it andthat evil. Allah bids you beware of Him. And Allah is full of pity for His bondmen. (Quran: 3/30).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 11THE ANGELS It is the belief of Islam that angels, created from the light, exist. The angels are the mosthonored worshippers among the creations of Allah. They exist only to faithfully and obedientlyexecute the commands of Allah. There is no specific information about when they originated, butit is believed that they were the first creation of Allah. The angels have many unaccountablefunctions. The chief angel is Hazrat Jibrail (AS), whose function is to communicate the commandsof Allah to the prophets and messengers. Hazrat Jibrail (AS) is also called the Noor-e-Allah – theLight of Allah. Archangel Hazrat Mikaeel (AS) is the controller of the winds and the clouds. HazratMikaeel (AS) inflicts the wrath of Allah by creating violent storms, floods, and earthquakes. Archangel Hazrat Israeel (AS) is the Angel of Death. He extricates souls at the appointedhour. He has many angels working under his supervision. Archangel Hazrat Israfeel (AS) is the trumpet-blower on Judgment Day. A special group of Angels has the responsibility to be in attendance near Allah. ∩∠∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèø9$# Éb>‘ ¬! ߉ôϑptø:$# Ÿ≅ŠÏ%uρ Èd,ptø:$$Î/ ΝæηuΖ÷t/ z©ÅÓè%uρ ( öΝÍκÍh5u‘ ωôϑpt¿2 tβθßsÎm7|¡ç„ ĸöyèø9$# ÉΑöθym ô⎯ÏΒ š⎥⎫Ïjù!%tn sπx6Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# “ts?uρ u And you, O Mohammed, see the angels thronging round the Throne, hymning the praises of their Lord. And they are judged aright. And it is said: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. (Quran: 39/75) Another group of angels are responsible to carry the throne of Allah on Judgment Day. ∩⊇∠∪ ×πuŠÏΖ≈oÿsS 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ öΝßγs%öθsù y7În/u‘ z¸ótã ã≅Ïϑøts†uρ 4 $yγÍ←!%y`ö‘r& #’n?tã à7n=yϑø9$#uρ And the angels will be on the sides thereof, and eight will uphold the Throne of your Lord that day, above them. (Quran: 69/17) The majority of angels are busy in the universe executing their duties as commanded by Allah. Large numbers of angels are in constant prayer requesting Allah’s forgiveness of the righteous. Whenever any person’s action pleases Allah, Allah creates an angel to act on behalf of that person. This angel maintains constant vigil and prayers asking for complete forgiveness of that person.â‘θàtóø9$# θèδ ©!$# ¨βÎ) Iωr& 3 ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ⎯yϑÏ9 šχρãÏøóFó¡o„uρ öΝÍκÍh5u‘ ωôϑpt¿2 tβθßsÎm7|¡ç„ èπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$#uρ 4 £⎯ÎγÏ%öθsù ⎯ÏΒ šχö©ÜxtGtƒ ßN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ߊ%s3s? u t ∩∈∪ ãΛ⎧Ïm§9$# Almost the heavens above might be rent asunder while angels hymn the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on the earth. Lo! Allah is the Forgiver, the Merciful. (Quran: 42/5) Another class of angels must attach themselves with every person alive. They arestationed on both sides of human shoulders. They are responsible for recording each individualact we perform. They record the visual, the vocal, and the action intended. Their designations areKiraman Katibeen—the Honorable Writers! They are also called Raqeeb ‘Ateed – SentinelsReady to Write—or Saiq and Shaheed—the Witness. ∩⊇⊄∪ tβθè=yèøs? $tΒ tβθçΗs>ôètƒ ∩⊇⊇∪ t⎦⎫Î6ÏF≈x. $YΒ#tÏ. ∩⊇⊃∪ t⎦⎫ÏàÏ≈ptm: öΝä3ø‹n=tæ ¨βÎ)uρ Lo! There are above you guardians, Generous and recording, Who Know all that you do. (Quran: 82/10-12).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 12 Some angels have been assigned the duty of encouraging us and ensuring that we remainsteadfast on our righteous path towards Allah.∩⊂⊃∪ šχρ߉ãθè? óΟçFΖä. ©ÉL©9$# Ïπ¨Ψpgø:$$Î/ (#ρãϱ÷0r&uρ (#θçΡt“øtrB Ÿωuρ (#θèù$sƒrB ωr& èπx6Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# ÞΟÎγøŠn=tæ ãΑ¨”t∴tGs? (#θßϑ≈s)tFó™$# §ΝèO ª!$# $oΨš/u‘ (#θä9$s% š⎥⎪Ï%©!$# ¨βÎ) t ∩⊂⊄∪ 8Λ⎧Ïm§‘ 9‘θàxî ô⎯iΒ Zωâ“çΡ ∩⊂⊇∪ tβθã㣉s? $tΒ $yγŠÏù öΝä3s9uρ öΝä3Ý¡àΡr& þ‘ÏStGô±n@ $tΒ $yγŠÏù öΝä3s9uρ ( ÍοtÅzFψ$# ’Îûuρ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# Íο4θuŠysø9$# ’Îû öΝä.äτ!$uŠÏ9÷ρr& ß⎯øtwΥ Ï Lo! Those who say: Our Lord is Allah, and afterward are upright, the angels descend upon them, saying: Fear not nor grieve, but bear good tidings of the paradise which you are promised. We are your protecting friends in the life of the world and in the Hereafter. There you will have all that your souls desire, and there you will have all for which you pray. A gift of welcome from the Forgiving, the Merciful. (Quran: 41/30-32) Some angels work as assistants to the Chief Angel of Death, Hazrat Israel (AS). Theseassistants are responsible for extracting the soul from the body and transporting it to its storageplace in the heavens. The Angel of Death is called Malak Al-Mawt. ∩∈⊃∪ È,ƒÍy⇔ø9$# šU#x‹tã (#θè%ρèŒρ öΝèδt≈t/÷Šr&uρ öΝßγyδθã_ãρ šχθç/ÎôØo„ èπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$#   (#ρãxŸ2 t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ’®ûuθtGtƒ øŒÎ) #“ts? öθs9uρ u If you could see how the angels receive those who disbelieve, smiting their faces and their backs and saying: Taste the punishment of burning. (Quran: 8/50) Some angels are the defenders of the believing Muslims in the battlefields. Their functionis to help the believer against the enemy. In the Battles of Badr and Al-Khandaq, ProphetMohammed (SAW) and his followers were helped by the angels against their enemies whooutnumbered the army of the Believers. The odds were four unbelievers against each believer!4 öΝä3ç/θè=è% ⎯ÏμÎ/ ¨⎦È⌡yϑôÜtFÏ9uρ 3“ô±ç/ ωÎ) ª!$# ã&s#yèy_ $tΒρ ∩®∪ š⎥⎫ÏùÏŠóßΔ Ïπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ 7#ø9rÎ/ Νä.‘‰ÏϑãΒ ’ÎoΤr& öΝà6s9 z>$yftFó™$$sù öΝä3−/u‘ tβθèW‹ÉótGó¡n@ øŒÎ) t u ∩⊇⊃∪ íΟŠÅ3ym ͕tã ©!$# χÎ) 4 «!$# ωΨÏã ô⎯ÏΒ ωÎ) çóǨΖ9$# $tΒuρ When you sought help of your Lord and He answered you saying: I will help you with a thousand of the angels, rank on rank. Allah appointed it only as good tidings, and that your hearts thereby might be at rest. Victory comes only by the help of Allah. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise. (Quran: 8/9-10) Another large group of angels supervise the punishment for those who have been sent tothe Fire Wells of Hell. They work with the Chief Angel of Hell, called Maalik.βθè=yèøtƒuρ öΝèδtΒr& !$tΒ ©!$# tβθÝÁ÷èƒ ω ׊#y‰Ï© ÔâŸξÏî îπs3Íׯ≈n=tΒ $pκön=tæ äοu‘$yfÏtø:$#uρ â¨$¨Ζ9$# $yδߊθè%uρ #Y‘$tΡ ö/ä3‹Î=÷δr&uρ ö/ä3|¡àΡr& (#þθè% (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒt t t ∩∉∪ tβρâsΔ÷σム$tΒ O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire whereof the fuel is men and stones, over which are set angels strong, severe, who resist not Allah in that which He commands them, but do that which they are commanded. (Quran: 66/6) A pair of angels called the Munkir and the Nakeer is responsible for interrogating everydeceased person when he or she is buried. Another large group of angels is assigned various duties in Paradise. They perform manydifferent duties from gatekeepers to caretakers of the people of Paradise:$yϑ/ /ä3ø‹n=tæ íΝ≈n=y™ ∩⊄⊂∪ 5>$t/ Èe≅ä. ⎯ÏiΒ ΝÍκön=ã tβθè=äzô‰ƒ èπs3Íׯ≈n=ϑø9$#uρ ( öΝÍκÉJ≈−ƒÍh‘èŒuρ öΝÎγÅ_≡uρø—r&uρ öΝÍκÉ″!$t/#u™ ô⎯ÏΒ yxn=|¹ ⎯tΒuρ $pκtΞθè=äzô‰tƒ 5βô‰tã àM≈¨Ζy_ Î t t y ∩⊄⊆∪ Í‘#¤$!$# ©t<ø)ãã zΝ÷èÏΨsù 4 ÷Λän÷y9|¹
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 13 Gardens of Eden which they enter, along with all who do right of their fathers and their spouses and their offspring. The angels enter for them from every gate, Saying: Peace be with you because you persevered. Ah, passing sweet will be the sequel of the heavenly Home. (Quran: 13/23-24) The Angels have no gender and therefore do not reproduce. They are only created by theWill of Allah (SWT).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 14THE JINN The Jinn are another creation of Allah (SWT). Although animals such as dogs anddonkeys can see the Jinn, they are invisible to human beings. The reason they are called the Jinnis because they are obscured from human sight; however, the Jinn can see the humans. The Jinnhave a form made of smokeless flame and can transform themselves into any shape. Somepeople claim to have met and conversed with the Jinn. ∩⊇∈∪ 9‘$¯Ρ ⎯ÏiΒ 8lÍ‘$¨Β ⎯ÏΒ ¨β!$yfø9$# t,n=yzuρ And the Jinn did He create of the smokeless fire. (Quran: 55/15) The Jinn share this universe with humankind. They want to share our houses and eat anddrink with us. The majority of them are the working agents of Satan; therefore, their mission is tocause the destruction of humanity. Although they constitute a species of their own, they do havesome characteristics in common with humankind. For example, they have the ability to think andreflect. They marry and reproduce among themselves. They are intelligent beings. They havereceived Divine ordainments from Allah (SWT) to perform certain worships and refrain fromcertain deeds. They also have the ability to choose between good and evil. Azaazee (means honorable-one) was the father of the Jinn; like Adam is the father ofhumankind. Azaazee had a very high status in the heavens; his residence was in Paradise. TheJinn existed for thousands of years before the creation of Adam. ∩⊄∠∪ ÏΘθßϑ¡¡9$# Í‘$¯Ρ ⎯ÏΒ ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ çμ≈uΖø)n=yz ¨β!$pgø:$#uρ ∩⊄∉∪ 5βθãΖó¡¨Β :*uΗxq ô⎯ÏiΒ 9≅≈|Áù=|¹ ⎯ÏΒ z⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# $oΨø)n=yz ô‰s)s9uρ Surely We created man of potter’s clay of black mud altered, and the Jinn did We create aforetime of essential fire. (Quran: 15/26-27) Before Adam was created; the Jinn resided in the heavens. They had freedom and couldtravel anywhere in the universe without restriction. They developed territorial inhibitions that ledto a major war amongst themselves. During their war, they shed a lot of blood and causedconsiderable damage in the universe. Allah (SWT) deployed the angels and used the services ofAzaazee to separate the warring parties. The bloodshed stopped when the warring parties werecaptured and restrained. Allah (SWT) Ordered the angels to eject all the population of Jinn fromthe heavens and caste them towards the earth. The angels dumped them over the oceans of theearth. When Azaazee, learned about the creation of Adam, and saw the unfinished formdisplayed without the soul, Azaazee became Iblis, which means “despaired and lost,” because hehad expected the honor of being appointed the vicegerent of Allah (SWT) on the earth. WhenIblis refused to obey Allah’s (SWT) command to prostrate and celebrate the creation of Adam,Iblis became Satan, which means “the one who deviated,” or “the one who changed hisdirection.” After the expulsion of Satan from Paradise, Satan converted the majority of his offspringto his side. Their aim was to misdirect humankind from the righteous path of the believers. Thismajority of the Jinn are known as the devil. The Jinn live on the earth, but most of them inhabit among the ruins and in those placescontaminated with ritual impurity such as bathrooms, cemeteries, and animals’ yards. Theirfavorite spot is where the majority of monetary transactions take place! The Jinn, as devils, enjoycreating conditions where the majority of humankind is made to suffer. As it is the fate of all theother creations of the Universe, the Jinn also die and will be resurrected on Judgment Day.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 15 ∩⊄∠∪ ÏΘ#tø.M}$#uρ È≅≈n=pgø:$# ρèŒ y7În/u‘ çμô_uρ 4’s+ö7tƒuρ ∩⊄∉∪ 5β$sù $pκön=tæ ô⎯tΒ ‘≅ä. Everyone that is thereon the earth will pass away. There remains but the countenance of your Lord of Might and Glory. (Quran: 55/26-27) The Jinn have powers and abilities beyond the reach of humankind. Prophet Solomon(AS) was given complete control over the population of the Jinn to humiliate the devil. ProphetSolomon (AS) used the physical powers of the Jinn to mine for copper and to break huge,mountainous rocks. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is the handiwork of the Jinn! WhenProphet Solomon (AS) ordered his Jinn-workers to bring the throne of the Queen of Sheba fromher palace in Sheba to his court in Jerusalem, two Jinns competed for the honor to satisfy thedemand of their master, Prophet Solomon (AS). One Jinn offered to bring the Throne of Shebafrom Sheba to Jerusalem in the time it would take one person to rise from the chair and stand.The other Jinn said that he would bring it within the blink of the eye and actually transported thethrone from Sheba to Jerusalem within the blink of an eye! The distance between Sheba andJerusalem was a month’s journey on horseback!O$tΡr& É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# ⎯ÏiΒ ÒΟù=Ïæ …çνy‰ΖÏã “Ï%©!$# Α$s% ∩⊂®∪ ×⎦⎫ÏΒ& ;“Èθs)s9 Ïμø‹n=ã ’ÎoΤÎ)ρ ( y7ÏΒ$s)¨Β ⎯ÏΒ Πθà)s? βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ y7‹Ï?#u™ O$tΡr& Çd⎯Éfø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ ×MƒÌøÏã tΑ$s% z t r t u t$yϑ¯ΡÎ*sù ts3© ⎯tΒρ ( ãàø.& ÷Πr& ãä3ô©r&u™ þ’ÎΤuθè=ö6u‹Ï9 ’În1‘ È≅ôÒsù ⎯ÏΒ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% …çνy‰ΖÏã #…É)tGó¡ãΒ çν#u™u‘ $£ϑn=sù 4 y7èùösÛ y7ø‹s9Î) £‰s?ötƒ βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ y7‹Ï?#u™ x u r u ∩⊆⊃∪ ×ΛqÌx. @©Í_xî ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ*sù txx. ⎯tΒuρ ( ⎯ÏμÅ¡øuΖÏ9 ãä3ô±o„ A stalwart of the Jinn said: “ I will bring it to you before you can raise from your place. Lo! I am surely strong and trusty for such work.” One with who was the knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you before your gaze returns unto you”. And when he saw it set in his presence, Solomon said, “This is of the bounty of my Lord, that He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whosoever gives thanks he only gives thanks for the good of his own soul; and whosoever is ungrateful, is ungrateful only to his own soul’s hurt. For lo! My Lord is Absolute in independence, Bountiful.” (Quran: 27/39-40) The majority of the devils attempt to reach the lower heavens to eavesdrop on theinhabitants there. The devil’s mission is to learn about the future of humankind from the writingsin the Book of Life, which is stored there as an assignment-log for the angels’ work. Theseintentions of the devil reached Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) increased the numbers of the guardsthere and continues to shower the rising devils with the meteorites and the blazing comets; thusannihilating those ambitious adventurers.$/$pκÅ− …çμs9 ô‰Ågs† tβFψ$# ÆìÏϑtGó¡o„ ⎯yϑù ( Æìôϑ¡¡=Ï9 y‰Ïè≈s)tΒ $pκ÷]ÏΒ ß‰ãèø)tΡ $¨Ζä. $¯Ρr&uρ ∩∇∪ $Y7åκà−uρ #Y‰ƒÏ‰x© $U™tym ôMy∞Î=ãΒ $yγ≈tΡô‰`uθsù u™!$yϑ¡¡9$# $oΨó¡yϑs9 $¯Ρr&uρ s y ∩®∪ #Y‰|¹§‘ And the Jinn who listened to the Quran said: “We had sought the heaven but had found it filled with strong warders and meteors. And we used to sit on high places therein to listen. But he who listened now finds a flame in wait for him” (Quran: 72/8-9) The devils may also take on the appearance of cats and dogs and the crawling insects likesnakes, scorpions, and rats. However, their favorite attire is that of a black dog. A small population of the Jinn has separated themselves away from Satan. They followthe righteous ways of Islam. They worship Allah (SWT) and recite the Quran. They are the truebelievers.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 16∩⊄∪ #Y‰nr& !$uΖÎn/tÎ/ x8Î³Σ ⎯s9uρ ( ⎯ÏμÎ/ $¨ΖtΒ$t↔sù ωô©”9$# ’n<Î) ü“ωöκu‰ ∩⊇∪ $Y7pgx” $ºΡ#u™öè% $oΨ÷èÏÿxœ $¯ΡÎ) (#þθä9$s)sù Çd⎯Ågø:$# z⎯ÏiΒ ÖxtΡ yìyϑtGó™$# çμ¯Ρr& ¥’n<Î) z©Çrρé& ö≅è% t ô Say, O Mohammed, it has been revealed to me that a company of the Jinn gave ear, and they said: Lo! It is a marvelous Quran, which guides into righteousness, so we believe in it and we ascribe unto our Lord no partner. (Quran: 72/1-2)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 17THE PROPHETS AND THEIR TRIBES : PROPHET ADAM (AS) When Allah (SWT) Decided to Create humankind as a representative of Himself in thisUniverse, He sent Hazrat (Angel) Jibrail (Gabriel) (AS), also referred to as the Noor (Light) ofAllah (SWT), to go to the earth to get him clay. The Earth pleaded for mercy and begged HazratJibrail not to take the clay. It said, “I seek refuge in Allah (SWT) from your decreasing myquantity or disfiguring me.” Hazrat Jibrail (AS) returned without taking anything and reported toAllah (SWT). He said, “My Lord, the earth sought refuge in You and it was granted.” Allah (SWT) Assigned Hazrat (Angel) Mikhail (Michael) (AS) the same task of gettingthe clay. Again the earth sought refuge in the name of Allah (SWT). Hazrat Mikhail (AS)returned to Allah (SWT) empty-handed and repeated the story Hazrat Jibrail (AS) had reportedearlier. This same assignment was passed on to Hazrat (Angel) Israel (AS). As usual, the earthpleaded and sought refuge in Allah (SWT). However, Hazrat Israel (AS) was adamant and said,“I also seek refuge with Allah (SWT) from returning without carrying out His command.” HazratIsrael (AS) collected clay in different colors from different parts of the earth. Thus, he had amixture of white, red, and black clay, which he presented to Allah (SWT). Hazrat Israel’s (AS)merciless and ruthless attitude earned him the title and function of the Angel of Death. Allah (SWT) soaked this clay and molded it according to His designs and shaped thefigure of a human. The clay was set aside in full view of the angels and the Jinn for forty years.No Life had been breathed into it. The angels became frightened whenever they looked at it.Most fearful of all was Azaazee, the father of the nations of the Jinn. He used to approach thisfigure, knock on it, and hear the sounds of an empty pot reverberating. This sound of emptinessmade Azaazee fearful. Moreover, it was too much suspense for him to know what elementswould be used to fill this emptiness. He was unable to comprehend the designs of Allah (SWT).Azaazee became jealous and resented this new creation. Azaazee dissented in his faith when helearned that the crown of Allah’s (SWT) vicegerent was being given to the new creation, insteadof him, the father of the Jinn. Azaazee became Ibliss, which means despaired and lost. ∩⊇⊆∪ Í‘$¤‚ø9$%x 9≅≈|Áù=|¹ ⎯ÏΒ z⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# šYn=y{ x He created man (Adam) from sounding clay, like unto pottery (Quran: 55/14). When the time to breathe His spirit into the human figure approached, Allah (SWT)assembled all the angels and Commanded, “When I breathe My spirit into him, prostrate beforehim.” Allah (SWT) Blew His spirit towards Prophet Adam (AS). When the spirit touched hishead, Prophet Adam (AS) sneezed, and said what the angels had taught him to say, “All praisebelongs to Allah.” Prophet Adam (AS) repeated, “All praise belongs to Allah.” Allah (SWT) Replied with this prayer: “Your Lord has Granted you mercy.” As the spirit progressed and reached the eyes, Prophet Adam observed the fruits ofParadise. When it reached the abdomen, Prophet Adam (AS) craved food. Before the spirit hadprogressed through him, Prophet Adam (AS) abruptly jumped and pounced on the food. TheHoly Quran says: ∩⊂∠∪ Âχθè=Éf÷ètGó¡n@ Ÿξsù ©ÉL≈tƒ#u™ öΝä3ƒÍ‘ρéy™ 4 9≅yftã ô⎯ÏΒ ß⎯≈|¡ΡM}$# t,Î=äz Man is a creature of haste: soon enough I will show you My Signs, then you will not ask Me to hasten them.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 18 (Quran: 21/37) When Prophet Adam (AS) received his full faculties, he became aware of hissurroundings and all that was present there. He noticed all the angels prostrating before himexcept one who remained standing. ∩⊂⊇∪ š⎥⎪ωÉf≈¡¡9$# yìtΒ tβθä3tƒ βr& #’n1r& }§ŠÎ=ö/Î) HωÎ) ∩⊂⊃∪ tβθãèΗødr& öΝßγ=à2 èπs3Íׯ≈n=ϑø9$# y‰yf|¡sù u y So the angels prostrated themselves all of them together, not so Ibliss: he refused to be among those prostrated. (Quran: 15/30-31). Allah (SWT) Addressed the Angels, “Verily, I am going to place mankind in generationsafter generations in this universe.” The Angels queried, “Will You place therein those who will make mischief and shedblood while we always glorify You with praises and thanks.” Allah (SWT) Advised, “I know what you know not.” After the creation of Prophet Adam (AS) (Adam is an Arabic word for man), Allah(SWT) Granted Prophet Adam (AS) special and exclusive faculties, which had not been given toany other creation, and Educated him to observe, comprehend, identify, memorize and nameeverything visible. Soon after, Allah (SWT) Assembled the angels and Introduced them toProphet Adam (AS). He Pointed towards some items visible in the heavens and Said, “Tell Methe name of these!” The angels replied, “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what You havetaught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.” Allah (SWT) Ordered Prophet Adam (AS), “You tell them what you know about theseitems.” When Prophet Adam (AS) described them and identified them by their names, Allah(SWT) Said, “Did I not tell you that I know what you know not? I know the Ghaeb- the unseen-in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you conceal!” Thereafter, Allah (SWT) Ordered all those present, “Prostrate, all of you before Adam tocelebrate this Creation.” All of them prostrated except Ibliss, who dissented. Allah (SWT) Asked Ibliss, “What prevented you, O Ibliss, from obeying My command toprostrate?” Ibliss replied, “I am better than Adam. You created me from fire, and him You createdfrom clay.” Allah (SWT) Ordered Ibliss, “O Ibliss, You are wayward. You have changed yourattitude. You have become arrogant, and arrogance is not acceptable to Me. You are Satan.Hereafter, you will be included among those who are humiliated and disgraced.” The Satan knewthat he was about to be destroyed; he pleaded and prayed, “Allow me respite till the JudgmentDay when all are raised again.” Allah (SWT) Responded, “You are included amongst those allowed respite.” Satan challenged, “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will wait and ambush thesehuman beings, and lead them astray and away from Your straight path. I will approach themfrom their front, their back, their right and their left, and You will not find most of them as thethankful ones. They will ignore their responsibilities towards you.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 19 Allah (SWT) Decreed, “O Satan! Whoever of them will follow you I will send them toHell with you.” Prophet Adam (AS) entered Paradise and resided therein. As the time elapsed, ProphetAdam (AS) desired a companion of his own nature. He had the angels around him, but their formwas that of a Noor (light-rays); besides, the angels were always preoccupied and busy executingAllah (SWT)’s commands. Most of time, the angels were engaged in singing hymns whichpraised Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) is ever Aware and Responsive towards the inner feelings and desires of allHis creations. When Allah realized Prophet Adam’s (AS) desire for a suitable companion, HeResponded. Prophet Adam (AS) awoke from sleep and found another human form lying close tohim and looking at him. It was Hawwa (EVE). Stunned by this presence, Prophet Adam (AS)questioned her about herself and the reasons for her presence. Hawwa explained that she had come from within him! This surprised Prophet Adam(AS). Hawwa elaborated that Allah (SWT) had Created her from one of the ribs of ProphetAdam (AS), and that she was created due to his prayers and desires for a partner. She had joinedhim for his pleasure as per the decree of Allah (SWT). ∩⊂∉∪ tβθßϑn=ôèƒ Ÿω $£ϑÏΒuρ óΟÎγÅ¡àΡr& ô⎯ÏΒuρ ÞÚö‘F{$# àMÎ7/Ψè? $£ϑÏΒ $yγ¯=à2 yl≡uρø—F{$# t,n=y{ “Ï%©!$# z⎯≈ysö6ß™ t Glory to Allah, Who created in pairs all things that earth produces, as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things of which they have no knowledge. (Quran: 36/36) Prophet Adam (AS) immediately went into prostration and thanked Allah (SWT) for thefulfillments of his secret desires of a suitable companion. Allah (SWT) Told Prophet Adam (AS), “O, Adam, You and your wife dwell in Paradise.Eat freely with full pleasure and delight yourselves with the things provided therein as and whenyou like. However, do not come near or eat from this tree or you will be among the Zalimeen-(wrong-doers).” Both of them learned that they had the faculties to exercise free will in all matters. Theirfreedom would guide and lead them towards the paths they chose. Satan was their enemy. Theywere made aware that their bodies would degenerate with age, and their life would end by death.However, they would be resurrected on Judgment Day for an eternal life thereafter. Meanwhile Satan, having been prohibited from entering Paradise, employed the Serpentas his agent to work around Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawwa. Satan continued to plot anddevelop plans for his revenge upon Prophet Adam (AS). Satan blamed Prophet Adam (AS) forthe punishment ascribed by Allah (SWT). Prior to his humiliation and disgraceful ejection fromParadise, Satan was Azaazee, who was among the most highly placed and favored courtiers inthe court of Allah (SWT). Azaazee is the beginning of the Jinn as Prophet Adam (AS) is thebeginning of humanity. Meanwhile Satan, an open and sworn enemy of the humanity in the universe, offered allforms of temptations and seductions to mislead Prophet Adam (AS) and his wife, Hawwa, toapproach and eat the fruit from the forbidden tree. He used to whisper suggestions to both ofthem. Satan said, “Your Lord prohibited you the fruits of this tree, to prevent you frombecoming angels or everlasting immortals.” Then Satan made a false oath in the name of Allah(SWT) and assured both of them, “Surely, I am one of the sincere well-wishers for you both.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 20 Satan was aware that the amalgam that had made the species of the human was of thenature that no one would ever be willing to give up their youth and offer their souls for extractionvoluntarily to die. Therefore, Satan was most consistent in his approach and would regularlywhisper in the ears of Prophet Adam (AS): ∩⊇⊄⊃∪ 4’n?ö7tƒ ω 77ù=ãΒρ Ï$ù#èƒø:$# Íοtyfx© 4’n?tã y7—9ߊr& ö≅yδ ãΠyŠ$t↔¯≈tƒ tΑ$s% ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ÏμøŠs9Î) šZuθó™uθsù u “O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to the kingdom that never decays?” (Quran: 20/120) Satan was assuring them that if they ate the fruit from the prohibited tree, it would onlymaintain their youth and vitality and at the same time it will make them immortals: they wouldnever die! Satan added that this was the sole reason why both of them had been prohibited fromeating the fruits of that tree. Satan had always declared to be their faithful and a sincerely honestguide. Thus, Satan continued to mislead them with deception. Prophet Adam’s (AS) andHawwa’s inner desires urged them to live forever in the perpetual gardens of Paradise until theirheart could no longer resist the false temptation of being so close to the source of the youthfulimmortality and not grasp it! Their hearts kept on urging them to eat it; thus, overpowering thedecay of their bodies and their eventual death. Prophet Adam (AS) plucked the fruit, ate a morselof it, and gave the rest to Hawwa who consumed the balance. Contrary to the commonly advocated belief of the People of the Book and the widely professed andaccepted version of the Original Sin; Hawwa (Eve) is being summarily blamed and accused of inciting ProphetAdam (AS) to eat the fruit, “apple” is the most commonly used term, from the Prohibited Tree! The Holy Quranclearly stipulates and addresses Prophet Adam (AS) as the one who originated and committed this sin. ∩⊇⊄⊃∪ 4’n?ö7tƒ ω 77ù=ãΒρ Ï$ù#èƒø:$# Íοtyfx© 4’n?tã y7—9ߊr& ö≅yδ ãΠyŠ$t↔¯≈tƒ tΑ$s% ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ÏμøŠs9Î) šZuθó™uθsù u But Satan whispered evil to him. He said, “O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?” (Quran: 20/120) Thus, it is not Hawwa (Eve) who initiated and incited the committal of the sin; she did participate insharing and eating the fruit but she never initiated the action! It is therefore wrong for the women to accept thetheory of original sin and feel the much-maligned guilt of their personal responsibility for the exit of humanity fromParadise. However, the type of the fruit eaten has not been clearly identified! As soon as Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawwa tasted the fruit from the prohibited tree, theirnakedness, related to their private parts, became apparent to them. Both of them were ashamedand attempted covering their private parts with leaves from the tree. And then Allah (SWT)Called upon them,” Did I not forbid you that tree? And warned you that the Satan is an openenemy for you?” Prophet Adam (AS) bowed down in prostration, tearfully cried, and begged Allah (SWT)for forgiveness. ∩⊄⊂∪ z⎯ƒÎÅ£≈y‚ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ¨⎦sðθä3uΖs9 $oΨôϑymös?uρ $uΖs9 öÏøós? óΟ©9 βÎ)uρ $uΖ|¡àΡr& !$oΨ÷Ηs>sß $uΖ−/u‘ Ÿω$s% Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You Forgive us not and Have no Mercy on us, surely we are of the lost. (Quran: 7/23) Allah (SWT) Accepted Prophet Adam’s (AS) repentance prayers, and Pardoned ProphetAdam (AS). After all, Allah (SWT) is known as the One Who Always Forgives by Acceptingrepentance, as He is the Most Merciful. This disobedience of Allah (SWT) by Prophet Adam (AS) and his wife deprived them oftheir abode in Paradise. Allah (SWT) Says in the Holy Quran:
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 21 ∩⊄∈∪ tβθã_tøƒéB $pκ÷]ÏΒuρ tβθè?θßϑ? $yγ‹Ïùuρ tβöθu‹øtrB $pκÏù tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊆∪ &⎦⎫Ïm 4’n<Î) ìì≈tFtΒuρ @s)tGó¡ãΒ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ö/ä3s9uρ ( Aρ߉tã CÙ÷èt7Ï9 ö/ä3àÒ÷èt/ (#θäÜÎ7÷δ$# tΑ$s% s “Go out of Paradise and down to the earth all of you, as enemies to each other –Adam. Hawwa and Satan-. Your abode on the earth will be as a dwelling and a place for enjoyment for a specific time. Therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be resurrected again.” (Quran: 7/24-25) The angels and Azaazee, the Jinn, were ranked in their status to be close to Allah (SWT)in His Court. Both of these forms, one of rays and the other of fire, were in constant prayersthanking Allah (SWT). Being a leader of the creation of the Jinn and having been made of fire,Azaazee had developed a superiority complex and was expecting that Allah (SWT) would granthim the superior rank of being Allah (SWT)’s main representative in the universe. As Azaazeewas despaired and lost, he became Ibliss. When Allah (SWT) Injected His Spirit into the clayform and Ordered for all to prostrate, Azaazee, the Ibliss, refused to prostrate as he felt insulted,he then became Satan. Satan means the one who has intentionally changed the directions. Theexpulsion of Satan from Paradise was because of this refusal to comply with the command ofAllah (SWT). The command of prostration was to commemorate the origination and generation of abeing who would represent Allah (SWT) in the visible world. The aforementioned prostrationwas not meant to signify that Allah (SWT)’s human creation would be treated as another deity ora god worthy of prostration by all the other creations including the angels, and the Jinn. Allah (SWT) and Allah (SWT) is alone worthy of prostration. Nor was it meant to asktheir opinion or to take up their advice; Allah (SWT) is the creator and does not need any help.Allah (SWT) merely Advised them that He was creating a vicegerent, who would eventuallyinhabit the universe, and subsequently multiply thereupon. However, their abode on Earth willhave a lifespan as individually determined by Allah (SWT). They will die after completing theirlife terms and will be resurrected on Judgment Day. During an earlier incident, some nations of the Jinn population had revolted against thewishes and commandments of Allah (SWT). They had shed a lot of blood among themselves andwere responsible for an extensive damage in the universe. Angels, upon the directions fromAllah (SWT), rounded them up, and ejected the nation of the Jinn out of Paradise. The angelsthen threw this nation over the oceans. Azaazee had been spared because he had always obeyed Allah (SWT)’s commands andhad physically helped the angels in the crushing and the disposal of the rebellious Jinn. On the day Adam was created, Azaazee, then Ibliss, revolted and refused to prostrate!Thus he became Satan. Allah (SWT) was about to annihilate Satan forever, when Satan pleadedfor an extension of his life till the Day of Judgment; Allah (SWT) in His mercy Allowed him tolive and extended his life till Judgment Day; but Satan was prohibited from Paradise forever andwould never be allowed to enter Paradise again. However, this punishment and the sentence werebeyond his expectations and more to his surprise. Satan’s elements of the fire overtook the logics of comprehension, and produced anundesirable conclusion for him. Worst of all, for him, Satan refused to apologize for hisdisobedience. Satan could have asked for Allah (SWT)’s Mercy but he did not.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 22 It was the day when the self-grandeur and the arrogance were born; and Allah (SWT)does not Approve of arrogance! Satan knew that the elements used in the birth of humanitythrough Prophet Adam (AS) did contain the ingredients that could be ignited from within toproduce an arrogant human being! This element of arrogance has been in use ever since; by all those who defy the laws ofAllah (SWT). Persons like Fir‘awn “Rameses”; all those persons who challenged the prophets oftheir times; the present day oppressors and dictators who think that their powers over theirsubjects are boundless, and that they are free to impose whatever cruelty they can over theirnations!y“#y‰èδ ì7©?$# Ç⎯ϑù “W‰èδ ©Íh_ÏiΒ Νà6¨ΖtÏ?ùtƒ $¨ΒÎ*ù ( Aρ߉ã CÙ÷èt7Ï9 öΝä3àÒ÷è/ ( $Jè‹ÏΗsd $yγ÷ΨÏΒ $sÜÎ7÷δ$# tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊄⊄∪ 3“y‰yδuρ Ïμø‹n=tã z>$tGsù …çμš/u‘ çμ≈t6tGô_$# §ΝèO y t y s s t tû©Í_s?÷|³ym zΟÏ9 Éb>‘ Α$s% ∩⊇⊄⊆∪ 4‘yϑôã& Ïπϑ≈uŠÉ)ø9$# Θöθtƒ …çνãà±øtΥuρ %Z3Ψ|Ê Zπt±ŠÏètΒ …ã&s! ¨βÎ*sù “Ìò2ÏŒ ⎯tã uÚôãr& ô⎯tΒuρ ∩⊇⊄⊂∪ 4’+ô±o„ Ÿωuρ ‘≅ÅÒtƒ Ÿξsù u t r y u w t sÏM≈tƒ$t↔Î/ .⎯ÏΒ÷σムöΝs9uρ t∃uó r& ô⎯Β “Ì“øgΥ y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ ∩⊇⊄∉∪ 4©|¤Ψè? tΠöθu‹ø9$# y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ ( $pκtJŠÅ¡uΖsù $uΖçF≈tƒ#u™ y7÷Gs?r& y7Ï9≡x‹x. tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊄∈∪ #ZÅÁt/ àMΖä. ô‰s%uρ 4‘yϑôãr& t w ∩⊇⊄∠∪ #’s+ö/r&uρ ‘‰x©r& ÍοtÅzFψ$# Ü>#x‹yès9uρ 4 ⎯ÏμÎn/u‘ But his Lord chose him for His Grace: He turned to him, and gave him guidance. Allah said,” but if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows my guidance, will not loose his way, nor fall into misery. But whosoever turns away from My Message, verily for him is a life narrowed down, and We Shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment.” He will say: “O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight before?” Allah will Say: “Thus did you, when Our Signs came to you, disregard them: so will you, this day, be disregarded.” And thus do We recompense him who transgresses beyond bounds and does not believe in the Signs of his Lord: and the Penalty of the Hereafter is far more grievous and more enduring. (Quran: 20/122-127) Before the departure of Prophet Adam (AS) from Paradise, Allah (SWT) Educated andBriefed him about his duties and essential functions to enable him to lead his life in accordancewith the divine expectations. Prophet Adam (AS) was also provided with the seedlings of life-sustaining crops. Prophet Adam (AS) was advised and made aware that the life on earth wouldbe quite different from that of his life in Paradise. In Paradise, everything had been provided forhim. Whereas on the earth, he would be constantly facing conflicts and would have to strugglewith every task. His mind would be in conflict with his heart and his body would be put throughsevere tests. The process of struggle would be an ongoing routine; a new event would start fromwhere the last one finished. He would have to toil hard for sustenance. His body would needprotection and coverage from the elements surrounding him. He would have to breed andreproduce and look after and raise his protégées in accordance with the commands of Allah(SWT). His family would need his protection. Prophet Adam (AS) was made aware that mankindwould have the powers of superiority and mastery over all the other creatures of the earth. Most important were the struggles with the inner spirit and the open war with Satan.Satan would continue to tempt mankind and to lead them astray from the path of Allah (SWT).There would be consistent and numerous battles between good and evil. Those who followedAllah (SWT)’s path in accordance with the guidance delivered to them need not be fearful onJudgment Day; but those who disobeyed Allah (SWT) and followed the satanic rituals would befuel for the Fire of Hell along with their leader, Satan.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 23 No conclusive evidence is available that can point towards the point of landings on Earthfor all the four involved elements, i.e. Prophet Adam (AS), Hawwa, Satan and, the serpent. Thestrongest convictions are that: • Prophet Adam (AS) fell in India. He had brought with him a black-stone from Paradise and some seedlings from the foods of Paradise. He continued to plant the seeds on his journey towards the valley of Makkah, in Arabia. Divine guidance was the principal element in his predestined meeting with Hawwa and the construction of a house of Allah (SWT), (Kaaba). • Hawwa fell in Africa, in the southern part of Ethiopia and started her journey northwards towards Arabia. • Satan was thrown towards the earth. He was provided with the ability to travel like wind and conceal himself from humanity. As a direct divine challenge to Satan, Satan was allowed to approach from every direction and stay close to humans. However, when a human bowed down in prostration or raised his arms in worship to Allah (SWT) (SWT), Satan would be prohibited from approaching in both of these directions. • The Serpent landed in Iran. While reflecting upon the occurrences of the recent events, Prophet Adam (AS) realizedthat Satan was indeed an enemy to him; Allah (SWT) Punishes disobedience and the way back toParadise is only gained by the full submission to the Will of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) AdvisedProphet Adam to consistently seek Allah (SWT)’s mercy and forgiveness. Eventually, Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawwa met each other at a place called Arafat, nearMakkah, and settled down near the hills of Suffaa and Murwaa. It is here that the black-stonefrom Paradise was installed as a foundation for the house of Allah (SWT), The Ka’bah.⎯ÏΒ ÏμŠÏù y‡tΡuρ çμ1§θ™ ¢ΟèO ∩∇∪ &⎦⎫Îγ¨Β &™!$¨Β ⎯ÏiΒ 7s#≈n=ß™ ⎯ÏΒ …ã&s#ó¡nΣ Ÿ≅yèy_ ¢ΟèO ∩∠∪ &⎦⎫ÏÛ ⎯ÏΒ Ç⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# t,ù=yz r&y‰t/uρ ( …çμs)n=yz >™ó©x« ¨≅ä. z⎯|¡ômr& ü“Ï%©!$# x y ∩®∪ šχρãà6ô±n@ $¨Β Wξ‹Î=s% 4 nοy‰Ï↔øùF{$#uρ t≈|Áö/F{$#uρ yìôϑ¡¡9$# ãΝä3s9 Ÿ≅yèy_uρ ( ⎯ÏμÏmρ•‘ Who made all things good which He created, and He began the creation of man from clay; Then He made his seed from a draught of despised semen fluid; Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His Spirit and appointed hearing and sight and hearts. (Quran: 32/7-9) QABIL (CAIN) AND HABIL (ABEL). The miracle of first birth on the earth was witnessed by Prophet Adam (AS) andexperienced by Hawwa. Their first children were a set of twins, a male and a female. The malewas named QABIL (Cain). After some time, another set of twins was born; HABIL (Abel) andhis sister. The family enjoyed each other’s company and the bounties of the surroundings and thefruits of the earth. Qabil became the farmer and tilled the land. Habil became the shepherd andraised cattle. Upon attaining maturity, their natural desires for the opposite sex were awakened; Allah(SWT) had Proclaimed the manifests of procreations. Prophet Adam (AS) received revelations tomarry Qabil with the twin-sister of Habil; and Habil should marry the twin-sister of Qabil.While Habil accepted the proposal, Qabil refused to comply. His reason for refusal was that hisown twin-sister was more beautiful and he wanted her as his wife. Thus, Qabil rebelled againstAllah (SWT)’s command. This situation created a dilemma for Prophet Adam (AS). Prophet
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 24Adam (AS) wanted peace and harmony within the family; Allah (SWT)’s guidance was sought.Allah (SWT) Ordained that both the sons offer a sacrifice of their choice to Allah (SWT); Allah(SWT) will examine the quality of the sacrifice offered. The person whose offering was acceptedby Allah (SWT) would have his wishes prevail. Habil offered his best camel; Qabil presented his worst crop. Allah (SWT) RejectedQabil’s offering not only because of the quality of the sacrifice offered, but also because he haddisobeyed his father, and the Directive of Allah (SWT). This Revelation further inflamed Qabiland increased the gravity of his jealousy. His hopes of marrying his beautiful sister wereshattered. Qabil threatened Habil saying, “I will kill you! I refuse to see you happy and enjoyingyourself whilst my wishes have been denied!” Habil genuinely felt sorry for his brother and replied, “The right thing for you is to reflectand search for the reasons of your unhappiness. Seek the help from Allah. You know that AllahAccepts good deeds and prayers from those who serve and fear Him, not from those who rejectHis commands.” Habil was an intelligent, polite, and disciplined person. He was always prepared toperform as per the will of Allah (SWT). Qabil was the exact opposite. He was arrogant, selfishand refused to comply with the commands of Allah (SWT). Habil pleaded for reasoning with hisbrother. Qabil refused to abandon his arrogance and hatred of Habil. Habil advised him, “Mybrother, you are straying from the right path. Your anger is sinful. It would help you if yourepent to Allah and forget about your threats against me. On my part, I will entrust this matterentirely to Allah. The punishment of any sin will be borne by the sinner alone, and rememberthat Hell Fire is the reward of the wrong-doers.” Qabil refused to listen to the sermons and pleas of Habil. Qabil killed Habil by smashinghis head with a stone; Qabil had cruelly forsaken the ties of a close blood-relationship andignored natural brotherly love. Habil’s death was instantaneous. This was the first human death!The first human murder! And the first criminal act! Qabil did not know how to dispose of the body of Habil. He wandered about carrying thebody on his back. As time elapsed, his anger subsided, but the weight of the body started gettingheavier. At the same time, the stench from the body increased. He sat down under a tree with thebody of his brother on his shoulders. While he was resting in the shade of the tree, Allah (SWT)Intervened to show Qabil the proper way dispose of Habil’s remains. Two ravens appeared onthe ground near him and began fighting, resulting in the death of one. The victorious raven, usingits beak and claws, dug a hole in the ground, rolled over the body of the dead raven and coveredit with dust. Witnessing this episode, Qabil was overcome with shame, guilt, and remorse. “Woeunto me!” he exclaimed. “I had no foresight to do what this raven has done. I could not evendispose of the corpse of my brother!” Qabil then buried his brother. Habil became the first human to be buried. Allah (SWT) has Revealed in the Holy Quranz⎯ÏΒ ª!$# ã≅¬7s)tGƒ $yϑ¯Ρ) tΑ$s% ( y7¨Ψn=çFø%V{ tΑ$s% ÌyzFψ$# z⎯ÏΒ ö≅¬6s)tFムöΝs9uρ $yϑÏδωtnr& ô⎯ÏΒ Ÿ≅Îm6à)çFsù $ZΡ$t/öè% $t/§s% øŒÎ) Èd,ysø9$$Î/ tΠyŠ#u™ ó©o_ö/$# rt6Ρ öΝÍκön=tã ã≅ø?$#uρ t Î tr&þθç6s? βr& ߉ƒÍ‘é& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩⊄∇∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# ¡>u‘ ©!$# Ú’%s{r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ( y7n=çFø%L{ y7ø‹s9Î) y“ωtƒ 7ÝÅ™$t6Î/ O$tΡr& !$tΒ ©Í_n=çFø)tGÏ9 x8y‰tƒ ¥’n<Î) |MÜ|¡0 .⎦È⌡s9 ∩⊄∠∪ t⎦⎫É)−Fßϑø9$# oš⎥⎪ÎÅ£≈sƒø:$# z⎯ÏΒ yxt6ô¹rù …ã&s#tGs)sù ÏμŠÅzr& Ÿ≅÷Fs% …çμÝ¡øtΡ …çμs9 ôMtã§θsÜsù ∩⊄®∪ t⎦⎫ÏΗÍ>≈©à9$# (#äτℜt“y_ y7Ï9≡sŒuρ 4 Í‘$¨Ψ9$# É=≈ysô¹r& ô⎯ÏΒ tβθä3tFsù y7ÏÿùSÎ)uρ ‘ÏϑøOÎ*Î/ s
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 25“Í‘≡uρésù É>#{äóø9$# #x‹≈yδ Ÿ≅÷WÏΒ tβθä.& ÷β& ßN÷“ftãr& #©tLn=÷ƒuθ≈tƒ tΑ$s% 4 Ïμ‹Åzr& nο™öθy™ ”Í‘≡uθムy#ø‹x. …çμtƒÎãÏ9 ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ß]ysö7tƒ $/#{äî ª!$# y]yèt7sù ∩⊂⊃∪y r r y u ∩⊂⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏΒω≈¨Ψ9$# z⎯ÏΒ yxt7ô¹sù ( ©År& nοu™öθy™ r Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! They each presented asacrifice (to Allah (SWT)); it was accepted from one, but not from the other. Said the latter: “Be sure I willslay you.” “Surely,” said the former, “Allah accepts of the sacrifice of those who are righteous. If you stretchyour hand against me to slay me, I shall not stretch my hand against you to slay you: for I do fear Allah, theCherisher of the Worlds. For me I intend to let you draw yourself my sin as well as yours, for you will beamong the Companions of the Fire, and that is the reward of those who do wrong.” The selfish soul of theother led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became one of the lost ones. The Allah sentthe raven, which scratched the ground, to show him how to hide his shame and his brother. “Woe is me!” saidhe, “was I not even able to be as this raven, and to hide the shame of my brother?” Then he became full ofregrets. (Quran: 5/27-31) Prophet Adam (AS) was grief-stricken due to the loss of his two sons; one was deadwhile the other had permitted himself to be taken over by Satan. Prophet Adam (AS) could onlyoffer prayers for his sons. Besides, he had to tend to himself and the rest of his family. His dutiesas a prophet were enhanced and increased with the expansion of his family and off-springs. Hehad twenty pairs of twins; that is twenty males and twenty females. The last child was a son whowas born alone. His sermons to his children and grandchildren relayed his own experiences, bothin Paradise and on Earth along with the warnings about the ever-present danger of Satan; whowould ambush humanity to lead them astray. By the time Prophet Adam (AS) grew old, his children had spread all over the earth.Near the time of his death, he appointed his last son, Prophet Shiith (SETH) (AS) as a successor,guiding him about the timings of the prayers from the movements of the sun and the appropriateacts of worship. Prophet Adam (AS) reassured his children that Allah (SWT) would Continue toSend His prophets. These prophets would have different names, and they would be fromdifferent tribes. Some of them would even perform miracles, but their message for the whole ofhumanity would always be: • Allah (SWT) was the only God worthy of worship! He had no partners or none was like Him. • The life on this earth would end in death, but they would be resurrected again on the Day of Judgment. • The life on this earth was only a test of the individual self. All their deeds and their worships would be recorded as every soul would have to explain for himself. • The reward for righteousness would be the permanent abode in Paradise; whereas those who follow Satan would be forever doomed in the Fires of Hell. Near the time of his death, Prophet Adam felt a hunger and craving for a specific food that hehad earlier tasted in Paradise. He described its shape and properties, asking his children to searchfor it and bring it to him if found. His children went out in search of the fruit of Paradise. Whilethey were busy in their search among the fruit trees, two strangers approached them. Thesestrangers questioned the children of the Prophet Adam (AS) about the nature of their search. Thechildren replied that they were looking for a specific kind of fruit as per the wishes of their ailingfather.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 26 These strangers were the angels who had come to educate the children of Prophet Adam(AS) on how to dispose of human remains; once the Angel of Death had extracted the soul fromthe body. The angels advised those children to return to their father, for they must learn about thedisposition of the human body, as per the will of Allah (SWT). Moreover, it would be a requisitefor the rest of humanity to follow. The angels were carrying the shroud with them. When theyreached home, they found that Prophet Adam (AS) had already expired. The angels washed the body, wrapped it with the shroud, and buried it in the ground. Theangels then instructed those present that it was mandatory for humans to be buried in the ground,as shown to them, and that it was the proper way Allah (SWT) had Ordered them to follow.Those who were present and had witnessed the burial must advise the future generations about it. Since the major elements of humans were the clays from the surface of the earth, that iswhere the bodies should be finally disposed. ∩∈∈∪ 3“t÷zé& ¸οu‘$s? öΝä3ã_ÌøƒéΥ $pκ÷]ÏΒuρ öΝä.߉‹ÏèçΡ $pκÏùρ öΝä3≈oΨø)n=yz $pκ÷]ÏΒ u From the earth We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again. (Quran: 20/55) Major portion of the earth surface is made up of water; similarly, the human body alsocontains substantial quantities of water. Thus, it is permissible to bury a human at sea to avoidany undue decay of the human remains. After the death of Prophet Adam (AS), Prophet Shiith (AS) took over the responsibilitiesand the prophet hood.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 27PROPHET SHIITH (SHETH) AS Prophet Shiith was the third son of Prophet Adam (AS). When he was born, ProphetAdam was 130 years old. At the time of his death, Prophet Adam (AS) appointed Prophet Shiith(AS) as his successor and advised his children and descendants to follow him on the righteouspath and live in peace and harmony among them. However, some of his siblings and theirchildren had already started deviating from the right path. These were the followers of Satan. Allah (SWT) Conferred upon him the prophet hood and Revealed to him the first portionsof the scriptures. Of all the one hundred and four psalms, those have been sent down by Allah(SWT) fifty were sent down to Prophet Shiith. Prophet Shiith (AS) died when he was 912 yearsof age. For a period of about four centuries thereafter, a clan calling themselves Shithians werediscovered living in Egypt. Their belief was that Prophet Shiith (AS) had been a divineemanation. His son Prophet Anoush (AS) took over the mantle of prophet hood and was widelyknown and appreciated for his sermons that praised Allah (SWT).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 28PROPHET IDREES (ENOCH) (AS)Lineage: Prophet Idrees (AS) son of Yard, son of Mahlabeel, son of Qinan, son of Prophet Anoush, son of Prophet Shiith (AS), son of Prophet Adam (AS). Prophet Idrees (AS) was born and raised in Babylon and closely followed the teachingsand the religion of Prophet Adam (AS) and Prophet Shiith (AS). Prophet Idrees was among thesixth generation of humanity on Earth. The majority of the humankind had, by then, abandonedthe religious teachings of the prophets and adopted Satanic rituals in contrast to the guided pathtowards Allah (SWT). Prophet Idrees (AS) preached vigorously calling humankind back to thereligion of their ancestors. Only a few heeded and followed him. The majority just turned away.Prophet Idrees (AS) immigrated to Egypt to carry on his mission of calling people towards whatwas just and fair, ways and means of prayers including fasting on specific occasions. Heintroduced the principle of charity by advising the rich to donate some portion of their wealth tothe poor among their neighbors.The Holy Quran states: ∩∈∠∪ $†‹Î=æ $ºΡ%s3tΒ çμ≈oΨ÷èùu‘uρ ∩∈∉∪ $|‹Î;¯Ρ $Z)ƒÏd‰Ï¹ tβ%x. …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 }§ƒÍ‘÷ŠÎ) É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# ’Îû öä.øŒ$#uρ t s And make mention in the Scripture of Idrees. Lo! He was a saint, a Prophet; And We raised him to a lofty station. (Quran: 19/56-57) Prophet Idrees (AS) invented and introduced the basic form of writing. Some of his wisesayings are: “Happy is he who looks at his own deeds and nominates the same to be his submissions to Allah.” “None can show better gratitude for Allah’s favor than the one who shares his bounties with others.” “Do not envy people for what they have, as they will only enjoy it for a short duration.” “He who indulges in excesses will not benefit from it.” “The real joy of life is to possess wisdom.” Prophet Idrees (AS) was also the inventor of the science of astronomy and arithmetic. Atthe age of 365, one of the angels took Prophet Idrees (AS) to the heavens. This angel escortedProphet Idrees (AS) through the heavens and when they arrived in the fourth heaven, they metthe Angel of Death. The escorting angel inquired from the Angel of Death about the lifespan ofProphet Idrees (AS). The Angel of Death asked, “Where is Idrees? I am under Command to endhis life!” Prophet Idrees (AS) died there and his remains stayed in the fourth heaven covered by thewings of his escort angel.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 29PROPHET NUH (NOAH) (AS)Lineage: Prophet Nuh (AS), son of Lamik. Son of Mitoshilkh, son of Prophet Idrees (AS), son of Yard, son of Mahlabeel, son of Qinan, son of Anoush, son of Prophet Shiith (AS), son of Prophet Adam (AS). A difference of opinion exists about the timing of the birth of Prophet Nuh (AS).According to the People of the Book, (those who follow the Revealed Books, the Torah, theZaboor and the Bible), Prophet Nuh (AS) was born 126 years after the death of Adam. (Genesis5-New Revised Standard Version). According to Ahadeeth (The customs and traditions of theLast Prophet and the Final Messenger, Prophet Mohammed (SAW), it is stated “The periodbetween Adam and Nuh was ten centuries.” Convincing evidence exists which clearly exhibits that the initial generations of humanbeings, from Prophet Adam (AS) to Prophet Ibrahim (AS), had longer life spans and largerstatures. It does coincide with the Divine Purpose of speeding up the growth and development ofthe universe. Longer life meant that every human being was able to procreate more off springs tospread all over the world. The huge statures were to supplement as an additional tool to facilitatethe human domination over the other elements existing on the earth. The term “giant” refers to such statures. Prophet Adam (AS) was created with a stature of6 cubits. Even if the convincing evidence of a longer lifespan during the interval between ProphetAdam (AS) and Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was to be ignored, the most current data of the lowestlifespan in existence today, an average age of 50-60 years, was to be applied. The ninthgeneration of humanity which included Prophet Nuh had to be living in a period that is beyondthe 500-year interval at least! Thus, it is within reason to accept the period of ten centuries, asmentioned in Ahadeeth. The spiritual and religious life and practices had substantially deteriorated during the timeof Prophet Idrees (AS). By the time Prophet Nuh (AS) appeared as the Prophet, the majority ofhis people had turned to worshipping their idols. These idols were named and classified withassumed godly functions as follows: 1. Waddan represented manly powers. 2. Suwaan represented beauty. 3. Yagutha represented brute strength. 4. Yaauga represented swiftness. 5. Nasran represented sharp sight. Prior to making and worshipping these idols as gods, there had lived amongst themprominent persons with these very names, which had righteous character qualities. When any ofthem died, the community members collectively would go into long periods of mourning,grieving the loss of the bereaved benefactor of the community. Ever present and alert, Satansuggested that they build mausoleums with statues of their images in the town squares foreveryone to see and admire. The community’s loss would be lessened. As the town square was the place where these righteous men used to meet for theirleisure, presence of their images in this spot would keep their memories, as the benefactors of thecommunity, alive. Satan then assisted them in building and shaping the statues designing themausoleums. With the advent of time, the mausoleums containing the statues increased whilemost of those people who had built these memorials passed away.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 30 The newer generation was unaware of the original purpose of the mausoleums and thestatues. They were vulnerable to the suggestions and the guidance of Satan, who startedassigning the false qualities for each image. Waddan was depicted to have manly powers. Suwaan represented beauty. Yagutha was purported to contain brute strength. Yaauga represented swiftness and Nasran represented sharp sight. Thus, if any member of the community needed some assistance in any matter that wasbeyond his capacity, he would be directed to pray in front of the statue of specific name. Awrestler who wants to assure his victory over his opponent would be told to pay homage toYagutha. If per chance this wrestler returns victorious, homage to Yagutha was due along withsacrificial offerings dedicated to that deity. A barren couple would seek the pleasures of Waddan. As the communal desires increased, so did the importance of the deities. Smaller versionsof these images were being manufactured and sold in the town squares and shops for themembers of the community to keep with them and in their homes. The passage of time and thewatchful eye of Satan ensured that the majority of the population had by then been led astray anddeviated from the path of Allah (SWT). Idol worshipping was at its highest level when Prophet Nuh was Commanded by Allah(SWT) to turn back his people towards right path of Allah (SWT).ö/ä39 ’ÎoΤÎ) ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ tΑ$s% ∩⊇∪ ÒΟŠÏ9r& ë>#x‹ã óΟßγu‹Ï?ùtƒ βr& È≅ö7s% ⎯ÏΒ y7tΒöθs% ö‘É‹Ρr& ÷βr& ÿ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% 4’n<Î) %·nθçΡ $uΖù=y™ö‘r& !$¯ΡÎ) s tŸ≅y_& ¨βÎ) 4 ‘‡Κ|¡•Β 9≅_r& #’<Î) öΝä.ö½jzxσãƒuρ ö/ä3Î/θçΡèŒ ⎯ÏiΒ /ä3s9 öÏøótƒ ∩⊂∪ Èβθãè‹ÏÛr&uρ çνθà)¨?$#uρ ©!$# (#ρ߉ç6ôã$# Èβr& ∩⊄∪ î⎦⎫Î7•Β ÖƒÉ‹tΡ r y n ∩⊆∪ šχθßϑn=÷ès? óΟçFΖä. öθs9 ( ã¨zxσムŸω u™!%y` #sŒÎ) «!$# Lo! We sent Noah unto his people (saying): “Warn your people before the painful doom come unto them”. He said “O my people! Lo! I am a plain Warner unto you; Bidding you to Worship Allah and keep your duty unto Him and obey me. That He may forgive you somewhat of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Lo! The term of Allah, when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew”. (Quran: 71/1-4) By nature, Prophet Nuh (AS) was an excellent orator and a very patient person. He wouldaddress the assemblies of the people in the streets, in the squares, or anywhere where he coulddraw their attention. He would draw their attentions towards the mysteries of the life and thewonders of the universe. He would discuss appearances and the cycles of the sun, the moon, andthe stars, and he told them how the winds and the rain improved their crops. He emphasized thatAllah (SWT) alone had Created and Provided these items for their benefit. His preaches includedwhen and how they should pray to Allah (SWT); He Alone was worthy of their prayers andshould not be associated with any other deity. Allah (SWT) had Created them from within their own kind; Life on this universefollowed a pattern of birth, growth, and death. On the appointed Day of Judgment they will beresurrected and presented to Allah (SWT). All the creatures of the creations, humanity, Jinn andanimals will be judged individually for all their actions on Earth. Those who had pleased Allah (SWT) by their goods deeds, charity and prayers onlytowards Allah (SWT) will be rewarded in the eternal life to reside forever in the Gardens ofParadise. Those who had strayed away from the rightful path, led a sinful life, and associated
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 31 Prophet Nuh (AS) warned his community that the wrath of Allah (SWT) should beavoided by offering prayers directly to Him, giving charity to the poor, and avoidingoverindulgence of anything; otherwise His punishment would be very severe. A tiny minority, mostly the poor and the people of lower status from the community, paidclose attention and started following the advice of Prophet Nuh (AS) by abandoning the idolatry. The majority of the community, led by the rich, challenged Prophet Nuh (AS). They said,“But you are human like us! Why has your God appointed a human to convey His Message tous?” Prophet Nuh (AS) replied that Allah (SWT) appointed him as His Servant because it wasHis Will. Moreover, it befits that the message be conveyed to the community in the language thatwas clearly spoken and understood by them; through a person who was born and raised amongthem. While these community members were thinking and plotting their next challenge, theyassumed that the message of Prophet Nuh (AS) would ultimately filter out of people’s minds. The nature of these people would not allow them to accept the promises of a bettereternal life at the end of this life from a God whom nobody had seen; whereas their gods wereever-present in the mausoleums among them. Worst of all their beliefs, they doubted the promiseof their resurrection after their death. The leaders of the community spoke to Prophet Nuh (AS) and told him that his followerswere made up of their community’s poor and those of lowest rank among them. Prophet Nuh (AS) warned these leaders that their arrogance was shielding their commonsense from observing what the true religion of Allah (SWT) was. The leaders suggested thatProphet Nuh (AS) caste aside his followers, who were insignificant, and restrict the entry into hisreligion for only the rich and elite members of the community. Prophet Nuh (AS) again warned these leaders about their arrogance and cautioned themthat Allah (SWT) Resents arrogance among His subjects. Prophet Nuh (AS) said that he wasunable to caste aside these righteous people as they were on the right path towards Allah (SWT). Upon learning that Prophet Nuh (AS) was firm on his path towards Allah (SWT) andwould not stop his preaching on behalf of Allah (SWT) and against their idolatry, the unbelieverstreated Prophet Nuh (AS) and his followers very rudely. They even insulted Allah (SWT). When Prophet Nuh (AS) addressed them or asked themto stop their abusive language and behavior, the unbelievers put their fingers in their ears to stopany words of wisdom from entering their minds.(#ρçy9õ3tFó™$#uρ (#ρ•Àr&uρ öΝåκu5$uŠÏO (#öθt±øótGó™$#uρ öΝÍκÍΞ#sŒ#u™ þ’Îû ÷ΛàιyèÎ6≈|¹r& (#þθè=yèy_ óΟßγs9 tÏøótGÏ9 öΝßγè?öθtãyŠ $yϑ¯=à2 ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ | ∩∠∪ #Y‘$t6õ3ÏGó™$# And lo! Whenever I call unto them that You may pardon them they thrust their fingers in their ears and cover themselves with their garments and persist (in their refusal) and magnify themselves in pride. (Quran: 71/7) This continued throughout Prophet Nuh’s (AS) life. He was unable to gain morefollowers; even some members of his own family had renounced him and crossed over to join theunbelievers. The frequency of the verbal abuses and the impositions of the cruel punishments by theunbelievers gradually increased. Additionally, newer and flagrant insults of Allah (SWT) were
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 32being innovated at a faster pace. While Prophet Nuh (AS) was a very patient person and waswilling to suffer the punishments leveled at him personally, he found it very difficult to see thedegrading treatments being meted out to the righteous group who followed him in prayers toAllah (SWT). Much to his anguish, it was almost beyond him to hear the insults being leveled atAllah (SWT). The unbelievers taunted Prophet Nuh (AS), “Why your Allah does not show us his wrathas you have been warning us?” In desperation Prophet Nuh (AS) begged and prayed Allah (SWT), “O My Lord! Do notleave of the unbelievers, a single one on the earth! For if you leave (any of) them, they will butmislead Your devotees, and they will breed none but wicked ungrateful ones.”(#ÿρà$Î#tƒ Ÿωuρ š‚yŠ$t6Ïã (#θ=ÅÒムöΝèδö‘x‹? βÎ) y7¨ΡÎ) ∩⊄∉∪ #·‘$−ƒyŠ t⎦⎪ÍÏ≈s3ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’n?tã ö‘x‹s? Ÿω Éb>§‘ ÓyθçΡ tΑ$s%uρ s ∩⊄∠∪ #Y‘$¤Ÿ2 #Å_$sù ωÎ) And Noah said: My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers in the land. If You should leave them, they will mislead Your slaves and will beget none save lewd ingrates. (Quran: 71/26-27) Allah (SWT) Accepted Prophet Nuh’s (AS) prayers and Ordered him to build an ark withHis guidance. Prophet Nuh (AS) would receive help from the angels. Prophet Nuh (AS) selected a piece of land outside the city and began the construction ofthe ark. The unbelievers continued their jests and mockery of Prophet Nuh (AS). They said, “ONuh have you found out that carpentry was better than prophet hood?” “Why are you building a ship so far away from the sea?” “Do you also claim to be God of Wind who will carry the ship to the sea?’ “Do you expect your God to come and push it for you?” Prophet Nuh (AS) fully exhibited his patience and only preached to them to abandon theirSatanic practices and revert to the right path towards as Allah (SWT). Otherwise, they weredestined to meet a very destructive doom, which would annihilate their entire community. They replied, “We have been hearing about our supposed doom from you for years past.We are still waiting for it. Maybe your God, if there is one, is sleeping or is powerless againstour gods!” Prophet Nuh (AS)’s only reply was that their doom would come when Allah (SWT)Desired it, but it would definitely come. When the Ark was completed, Prophet Nuh (AS) patiently awaited Commands fromAllah (SWT). By some estimates, it took about 300 years to construct the Ark! As Allah (SWT)Desired, Prophet Nuh (AS) was Instructed to assemble all his righteous followers aboard theArk. At the same time, he was told to collect a pair, both male and female, of every living thingand transfer these to the Ark. The downpour started with the rain. While Prophet Nuh (AS) was loading the Ark, as per Allah’s (SWT) Command, hepleaded with some members of his family, those who had joined the group of the unbelievers, torenounce their Satanic beliefs and join their family on the Ark. He explained that a killer floodwas coming, which would destroy everything in its path and kill every living thing except thosewho were in Allah’s (SWT) Protection on the Ark. One of his own sons, who was also a leaderamong the unbelievers, refused the pleas of Prophet Nuh (AS) and arrogantly challenged his
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 33father to produce the flood. Even the wife of Prophet Nuh (AS) had joined the unbelievers andrefused to come on board the Ark. ∩⊄∇∪ #I‘$t7s? ωÎ) t⎦⎫ÏΗÍ>≈©à9$# ÏŠÌ“s? Ÿωuρ ÏM≈oΨÏΒ÷σßϑø9$#uρ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑù=Ï9uρ $YΖÏΒ÷σãΒ š_ÉLøŠt/ Ÿ≅yzŠ ⎯yϑÏ9uρ £“t$Î!≡uθÏ9uρ ’Í< öÏøî$# Éb>§‘ y My Lord! Forgive me and my parents and him who enters my house believing, and believing men and believing women, and increase not the wrongdoers in anything save ruin. (Quran: 71/28) It is believed that there were only 80 believers on the Ark. (Some scholars contend thattheir number was 72 while some claim that there were only 10). By the time the Ark was loaded with all that was destined to be carried on board, as perthe Command of Allah (SWT), the intensity of the rain had increased. The water also startedgushing out of the earth from the crevices. Sprouting geysers sprung up. Water levels wererising. Everything was covered with water. The landmass was disappearing fast. The Ark beganto rise and floated on a piece of land, which had been dry and well away from any sea, until ashort while ago. Allah (SWT) was Delivering with His wrath. This had been forewarned, but mankind had decided not to heed, instead chose tocontinue to follow its satanic path of idolatry. Allah (SWT) had Warned and Continues to Warneven today that Allah (SWT) alone is worthy of the prayers and Will Not Accept any partners,associates or images created by mankind. The Ark started sailing amid mountainous waves with all those on board offering prayersof thanks to Allah (SWT) and sought His Mercy for their Salvation from the His Wrath and thedevastating floods surrounding them.. The Ark sailed for 40 days and nights under the Guidanceof Allah (SWT). When the water subsided and the sky was cleared of its dark clouds, the Ark rested onMount Judi, a spot higher than its surroundings. Prophet Nuh (AS) unloaded and disbursed allthe occupants with the clear Message from Allah (SWT) to Settle, Procreate and to alwaysFollow the straight path to Allah (SWT).Prophet Nuh (AS) lived for 950 years! Allah (SWT) has Revealed in the Holy Quran:©!$# (#ρ߉ç6ôã$# Èβ& ∩⊄∪ î⎦⎫Î7•Β ÖƒÉ‹Ρ ö/ä39 ’ÎoΤÎ) ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ tΑ$s% ∩⊇∪ ÒΟŠÏ9r& ë>#x‹tã óΟßγu‹Ï?ùtƒ βr& È≅ö7s% ⎯ÏΒ y7tΒöθs% ö‘É‹Ρr& ÷βr& ÿ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% 4’n<Î) %·nθçΡ $uΖù=y™ö‘r& !$¯ΡÎ) r t sΑ$s% ∩⊆∪ šχθßϑ=÷ès? óΟçFΖä. öθ9 ( ã¨zσムŸω u™!%y` #sŒÎ) «!$# Ÿ≅y_r& ¨βÎ) 4 ‘‡Κ|¡•Β 9≅y_r& #’n<Î) öΝä.ö½jzxσãƒuρ ö/ä3Î/θçΡèŒ ⎯ÏiΒ /ä3s9 öÏøótƒ ∩⊂∪ Èβθãè‹ÏÛr&uρ çνθà)¨?$#uρt n s xöΝÍκÍΞ#sŒ#u™ þ’Îû ÷ΛàιèÎ6≈|¹r& (#þθè=yè_ óΟßγ9 tÏøótGÏ9 öΝßγè?öθtãyŠ $yϑ¯=à2 ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ ∩∉∪ #Y‘#tÏù ωÎ) ü“Ï™!%tæߊ óΟèδ÷ŠÌ“tƒ öΝn=sù ∩∈∪ #Y‘$yγtΡuρ Wξø‹s9 ’ÍΓöθs% ßNöθtãyŠ ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>u‘ y y sàMù=à)sù ∩®∪ #Y‘#uó Î) öΝçλm; ßN‘uó r&uρ öΝçλm; àMΖn=ôãr& þ’ÎoΤÎ) §ΝèO ∩∇∪ #Y‘$yγÅ_ öΝåκèEöθtãyŠ ’ÎoΤÎ) ¢ΟèO ∩∠∪ #Y‘$t6õ3ÏGó™$# (#ρçy9õ3tFó™$#uρ (#ρ•|Àr&uρ öΝåκu5$uŠÏO (#öθt±øótGó™$#uρ ö#≈pκ÷Ξr& ö/ä3©9 ≅yèøgs†uρ ;M≈¨Ζy_ ö/ä3©9 ≅yèøgs†uρ t⎦⎫ÏΖt/uρ 5Α≡uθøΒrÎ/ /ä.÷ŠÏ‰ôϑãƒuρ ∩⊇⊇∪ #Y‘#u‘ô‰ÏiΒ /ä3ø‹n=tæ u™!$yϑ¡¡9$# È≅Å™öム∩⊇⊃∪ #Y‘$¤xî šχ%x. …çμ¯ΡÎ) öΝä3−/u‘ (#ρãÏøótFó™$##Y‘θçΡ £⎯ÍκÏù yϑ)ø9$# Ÿ≅yè_uρ ∩⊇∈∪ $]%$t7ÏÛ ;N≡uθ≈yϑy™ yìö7y™ ª!$# t,n=y{ #ø‹x. (#÷ρts? óΟs9r& ∩⊇⊆∪ #·‘#uθôÛr& ö/ä3s)n=s{ ô‰s%uρ ∩⊇⊂∪ #Y‘$s%uρ ¬! tβθã_ös? Ÿω ö/ä3s9 $¨Β ∩⊇⊄∪ t s y yuÚö‘F{$# â/ä39 Ÿ≅yèy_ ª!$#uρ ∩⊇∇∪ %[`#t÷zÎ) öΝà6ã_Ìøƒä†uρ $pκÏù ö/ä.߉ŠÏèム§ΝèO ∩⊇∠∪ $Y?$t7tΡ ÇÚö‘F{$# z⎯ÏiΒ /ä3tFu;/Ρr& ª!$#ρ ∩⊇∉∪ %[`#uÅ  }§ôϑ¤±9$# Ÿ≅yèy_uρ s u#[õ3Β (#ρãs3Βρ ∩⊄⊇∪ #Y‘$|¡z ωÎ) ÿ…çνà$s!uρρ …çμä9$tΒ çν÷ŠÌ“tƒ óΟ©9 ⎯tΒ (#θãè7¨?$#uρ ’ÎΤöθ|Átã öΝåκ¨ΞÎ) Éb>§‘ ÓyθçΡ tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊃∪ %[`$y∨Ïù Wξç7ß™ $pκ÷]ÏΒ (#θä3è=ó¡tFÏj9 ∩⊇®∪ $WÛ$|¡Î0 t t u y u tωÎ) ⎦⎫ÏΗÍ>≈©à9$# ÏŠÌ“s? Ÿωρ ( #ZÏWx. (#θ=|Ê& ô‰%uρ ∩⊄⊂∪ #Zô£nΣuρ s−θãètƒuρ šWθäótƒ Ÿωuρ %Yæ#uθß™ Ÿωuρ #tŠuρ ¨βâ‘x‹s? Ÿωuρ ö/ä3tGyγÏ9#u™ ¨βâ‘x‹s? Ÿω (#θä9$s%uρ ∩⊄⊄∪ #Y‘$¬7à2 t u r s
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 34We sent Nuh to his People (with the Command): “Warn your People before there comes tothem a grievous Penalty.” He said: “O my People! I am to you a Warner, clear and open: Thatyou should worship Allah, fear Him, and obey me: So He may forgive you your sins and giveyou respite for a stated Term: for when the Term given by Allah is accomplished, it cannot beput forward: if you only know.”He said: “O my Lord! I have called to my people night and day: but my call only increases(their) flight (from the Right path). And every time I have called to them, that You mightforgive them, they have (only) thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up withtheir garments, grown obstinate, and given themselves up to arrogance. So I have called tothem aloud: Further I have spoken to them in public and secretly in private, saying “Askforgiveness from your Lord: for He is Oft-Forgiving: He will send rain to you in abundance;Give you increase in wealth and sons; and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers(of flowing water).” “What is the matter with you, that you do not place your hope forkindness and long-suffering in Allah. Seeing that it is He that has created you in diversestages? Don’t you see how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another. And madethe moon a light in their midst and made the sun as a (glorious) Lamp? And Allah hasproduced you from the earth growing (gradually), and in the End, He will return you into the(earth), and raise you forth (again at the Resurrection)? And Allah has made the earth as acarpet spread out for you. That you may go about therein, in spacious roads.”Nuh said: “O my Lord! They have disobeyed me, but they follow (men) whose wealth andchildren give them no increase but only loss. And they have devised a tremendous Plot. Andthey have said (to each other), “Do not abandon your gods: abandon neither Wadd nor Suwa’,neither Yaguth nor Ya’uq, nor Nasr;” They have already misled many, and You grant noincrease to the wrong-doers but in straying (from their mark).” Because of their sins theywere drowned (in the flood) and were made to enter the Fire (of punishment): and theyfound in lieu of Allah – none to help them. And Nuh said, “O my Lord! Do not leave of theUnbelievers, a single one on earth! For if You leave (any of) them, they will but mislead Yourdevotees, and they will breed none but wicked ungrateful ones. O my Lord! Forgive me, myparents, all who enter my house in Faith, and (all) believing men and believing women: andto the wrong-doers You grant no increase but in Perdition!” (Quran: 71/1-28)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 35PROPHET HUD (AS)Lineage: Prophet Hud (AS), son of Shalikh, son of Arfakhshand, son of Sam, son of Prophet Nuh (AS). ∩∈⊃∪ šχρçtIøãΒ ωÎ) óΟçFΡr& ÷βÎ) ( ÿ…çνçöxî >μ≈s9Î) ô⎯ÏiΒ Νà6s9 $tΒ ©!$# (#ρ߉ç6ôã$# ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ tΑ$s% 4 #YŠθèδ öΝèδ%s{r& >Š%tæ 4’n<Î)uρ And unto the tribe of ‘Ad We sent their brother, Hud. He said: “O my people! Worship Allah! You have no other God except Him. Lo! You do but invent.” (Quran: 11/50) The people of ‘Ad were the Arabs living among the hilly terrain of Al-Ahqaf betweenYemen and Oman in the valley of Mughiith. Their well-built stature complemented theirprofessional reputation as the builders of tall buildings and huge towers. As builders, they had nocompetitors in the surrounding areas and nations. This edge over the others made them powerfuland rich. However, their achievements also made them proud and arrogant. Their political powerwas vested in a few unjust hardliners who imposed their wishes on all nearby people. No onedared to challenge the unjust actions and the rules imposed by these politicians. Any action bythe general population or the surrounding nations to draw the attention of these unjust rulersagainst their unjust demands was immediately and ruthlessly crushed. It was their way or noway! They did believe in Allah and offered their prayers to Him. However, they did not acceptAllah as the one and only God. They had created idols and were worshipping other gods. Allah(SWT) is Unforgiving of this sin. Allah (SWT) does not like to be associated with partners orrepresented by any images. However, Allah (SWT), in His Mercy, always Gives transgressorsthe chance to revert back to the right path. Thus, Prophet Hud (AS), Allah’s (SWT) Prophet fromamong them, was selected and charged with the mission of reverting the people of ‘Ad awayfrom idolatry and worshipping many gods. Prophet Hud (AS) pointed out that these idols and the images of their gods had in factbeen made by them with their own hands. He invoked their intelligence. He asked, “How couldanything created by you, respond to your prayers?” Prophet Hud (AS) told them that their deitieswere lifeless and helpless to offer anything to them. Allah (SWT) was the Only God who wasResponsible for Creating everything that was visible in the universe, as well as everything thatwas invisible. Allah (SWT) was the Only God that was Providing for them and would continueto Provide them with more; as an answer to their prayers to Him alone. It was Allah (SWT) whohad Provided them with their better physique, abundance of wealth, and the powers to rule overtheir people and other nations. This reasoning was rejected by their arrogant leaders. Instead, Prophet Hud (AS) wasasked if he had designs to become their master; or if he wanted to enrich himself by instillingfear among them and extracting some of their wealth. Prophet Hud (AS) advised them that hewas not desirous of a higher status among them nor had he any intention of extracting any wealthfrom them. Prophet Hud (AS) would be amply satisfied with all the rewards that Allah (SWT)would bestow on him. His mission to the people of ‘Ad was to show them the true way to Allah(SWT), as otherwise they were heading towards the similar fate and punishment that wasinflicted on the people of Prophet Nuh (AS). Prophet Hud (AS) drew their attention towards theirancestry from the progeny of the righteous people who were saved from the Great Flood. Allah (SWT) had continued to Bless them with the abundance of power and wealth; yetthey had deviated from the right path to Allah (SWT). This preaching had negligible effects onthe people. They were drunk with their power, their riches, and their dominance over everybodyelse. They mocked Prophet Hud (AS) and jested, “Are you also saying that after we die and turn
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 36into dust, we will be resurrected?” Prophet Hud (AS) replied, “Yes, on the Day of JudgmentAllah (SWT) Will Resurrect each and everyone of you. Every individual will be adjudged as perhis personal book of deeds in this life. Those who had followed Allah’s (SWT) path will be sentto the Paradise; while those who had deviated and transgressed will be thrown into the Fires ofHell.” The people refused to accept the preaching of Prophet Hud (AS). Instead, they heckledhim about the strange scenarios of after-death, Resurrection, and the Day of Judgment. ProphetHud (AS) would elaborate on the necessity of having a Day of Judgment when Allah (SWT) willDispense His justice upon His Creations. • Every living thing will be recompensed for injustices suffered from aggressors and every aggressor will be punished for his unjust aggressions over those who were helpless. • Every human and Jinn will be rewarded for prayers offered to Allah (SWT) while those who did not pray, practiced idolatry, or associated any other deity or partners to Allah (SWT) will be punished. • Those who listened and followed Satan, behaved arrogantly with false pride, or imposed unjust demands on others would be caste into the Fires of Hell along with their leader, Satan. Whilst these messages and revelations were having no effect upon the people of ‘Ad,their torments and jests of Prophet Hud (AS) increased. The chiefs would jest, “How strange thatAllah chooses one of us to reveal His Message to us?” Prophet Hud (AS) would reply that Allah(SWT) Chooses to Convey His message in any manner or media He likes. Moreover, it would becompatible to speak to the people of ‘Ad in their own language and through one of their ownkind; as it had been done in the past with the people who had existed prior to their destruction inthe flood. “Who would destroy us?” The chiefs queried. “Allah,” Prophet Hud (AS) explained. The disbelievers would contend that their gods will save them. Their gods were morevisible than the hidden Allah. Prophet Hud (AS) would warn them that their idols and theircreated associates to Allah will not be able to help them from the Wrath of Allah (SWT) whichwill surely destroy them as it destroyed the people in the past. The conflicts between ProphetHud (AS) and the people continued. The people claimed that their gods had imposedpunishments on the senses of Prophet Hud (AS), who was mad and making false claims aboutrevelations from Allah (SWT).$uΖÏFyγÏ9#u™ âÙ÷è/ 71utIôã$# ωÎ) ãΑθà)¯Ρ βÎ) ∩∈⊂∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑÎ/ y7s9 ß⎯øtwΥ $tΒuρ šÎ9öθs% ⎯tã $oΨÏGyγÏ9#u™ þ’É1Í‘$tFÎ/ ß⎯øtΥ $tΒuρ 7πuΖÉit7Î/ $oΨoKø⁄Å_ $tΒ ßŠθà‰≈tƒ (#θä9$s% t y w’În1u‘ «!$# ’n?tã àMù=.θ? ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩∈∈∪ ÈβρãÏàΖè? Ÿω ¢ΟèO $YèŠÏΗsd ’ÎΤρ߉‹Å3sù ( ⎯ÏμÏΡρߊ ⎯ÏΒ ∩∈⊆∪ tβθä.Îô³è@ $£ϑÏiΒ Ö™ü“Ìt/ ’ÎoΤr& (#ÿρ߉pκô−$#uρ ©!$# ߉Íκô−é& þ’ÎoΤÎ) tΑ$s% 3 &™þθÝ¡Î0 © u sß#Î=÷‚Gó¡o„uρ 4 óΟä3ö‹s9Î) ÿ⎯ÏμÎ/ àMù=Å™ö‘é& !$¨Β /ä3çGøó=ö/r& ô‰)sù (#öθ©9uθs? βÎ*sù ∩∈∉∪ 8Λ⎧É)tGó¡•Β :Þ≡uÅÀ 4’n?tã ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 !$pκÉJuŠÏ¹$uΖÎ/ 8‹Ï{#u™ uθèδ ωÎ) >π−/!#yŠ ⎯ÏΒ $¨Β 4 Οä3În/u‘ρ t n s u ∩∈∠∪ Ôá‹Ïym >™ó©x« Èe≅ä. 4’n?tã ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 $º↔ø‹x© …çμtΡρ•ÛØs? Ÿωuρ ö/ä.uöxî $·Βöθs% ’În1u‘ They said: “O Hud! You have brought us no clear proof and we are not going to forsake our gods on your (mere) saying, and we are not believers in you. We say nothing save that one of gods has possessed you in an evil way.” He said: “I call Allah to witness, and do you (too) bear witness, that I am innocent of (all) that you ascribe as partners to Allah. So (try) circumvent
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 37 me, all of you, give me no respite. Lo! I have put my trust in Allah, my Lord and your Lord. Not an animal but He does grasp it by the forelock! Lo! My Lord is on a straight path. And if you turn away, still I have conveyed unto you that with which I was sent unto you, and my Lord will set in place of you a folk other than you. You cannot cause hurt to Him at all. Lo! My Lord is Guardian over all things.” Quran: 11/53-57). The finality of these confrontations materialized with Prophet Hud (AS) publiclyrenouncing the gods of the disbelievers. The disbelievers openly challenged Prophet Hud (AS)and Allah (SWT) to fulfill the promise of the punishment exclusively designed for them. Itstarted with the sun producing scorching heat over the desert sands. The clouds had disappearedalong with the rain. The water wells evaporated and dried. Some of their wise men approachedProphet Hud (AS) and asked if there was a reason for the drought. Prophet Hud (AS) suggestedthat it was Allah’s Wrath upon them. They still had the chance to abandon their idolatry, Pray toHim, seek His Forgiveness, and be among the Righteous people. If they did this, Allah (SWT)would shower His Blessings upon them with the much-needed rain. He would also make themwealthier. Their mockery and arrogance towards Prophet Hud (AS) continued. The droughtconditions increased with the plantations and crops starting to die down. The intensity of the heatand the drought continued until one day a dark cloud appeared in the sky. The people startedrejoicing by coming out their dwellings and shades. They claimed that their gods had overcomethe adverse weather and would now provide them with the relief of rain. However, the weather took an abrupt turn from that of burning heat to a body-piercingcold. A hurricane developed with winds that uprooted every tree, plant, and tent in its way. Thepeople were being carried in the whirlwinds and thrown to different places. Some of them triedto seek refuge in their well-built houses, castles and towers, but the hurricane’s fury destroyedeverything in its path, even those structures of which they were so proud. The cold winds piercedthrough the skins of those who were exposed and split them apart from inside out. Death seemedto be a much-desired relief for the people. These stormy conditions raged for seven nights andeight days.¥™ó©x« ¨≅. ãÏiΒy‰è? ∩⊄⊆∪ ×Λ⎧Ï9& ë>#x‹tã $pκÏù ÓxƒÍ‘ ( ⎯ÏμÎ/ Λä⎢ù=f÷ètGó™$# $tΒ uθèδ ö≅t/ 4 $tΡãÏÜøÿ’Ε ÖÚÍ‘%tæ #x‹≈yδ (#θä9$s% öΝÍκÉJtƒÏŠ÷ρr& Ÿ≅Î6ø)tGó¡•Β $ZÊÍ‘%tæ çν÷ρr&u‘ $£ϑn=sù ä r y ∩⊄∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏΒÌôfßϑø9$# tΠöθs)ø9$# “Ì“øgwΥ y7Ï9≡x‹x. 4 öΝåκß]Å3≈|¡tΒ ωÎ) #“tムŸω (#θßst7ô¹rsù $pκÍh5u‘ ÌøΒrÎ/ Then when they beheld it a dense cloud coming towards their valleys, they said: “Here is a cloud bringing us rain. Nay but it is that which you did seek to hasten, a wind wherein is the painful torment. Destroying all things by Commandment of its Lord. Morning found them so that nothing could be seen save their (destroyed) dwellings. Thus do We reward the criminal people. (Quran: 46/24-25) Prophet Hud (AS) and his righteously guided followers were the only survivors of thesestorms. They emigrated from the ruined valley and settled in Hadramuth.ã—$yfôã& öΝåκ¨Ξr(x. 4©tç÷|À $pκÏù Πöθ)ø9$# ”utIsù $YΒθÝ¡ãm BΘ$−ƒr& sπuŠÏΨ≈yϑrOuρ 5Α$uŠs9 yìö7y™ öΝÍκön=tã $yδt¤‚y™ ∩∉∪ 7πuŠÏ?%tæ AÀö|¹ 8xƒÌÎ/ (#θà6Î=÷δésù ׊$tã $¨Βr&uρ r t s | ∩∠∪ 7πtƒÍρ%s{ @≅øƒwΥ And as for ‘Ad, they were destroyed by a fierce roaring wind, which We imposed on them for seven nights and eight long days so that you might have seen men lying over thrown, as if they were hollow trunks of palm trees. (Quran: 69/6-7)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 38 ∩⊇⊂®∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΟèδçsYø.r& tβ%x. $tΒuρ ( ZπtƒUψ y7Ï9≡sŒ ’Îû ¨βÎ) 3 öΝßγ≈oΨõ3n=÷δrsù çνθç/¤‹s3sùAnd they denied him; therefore we destroyed them. Lo! Herein is indeed a portent, yet mostof them are not believers. (Quran: 26/139)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 39PROPHET SALEH (AS)Lineage: Prophet Saleh (AS), son of Ubeid, son of Maseh, son of Ubeid, son of Hader, son of Thamud, son of Ather, son of Eram, son of Prophet Nuh (AS). Prophet Saleh (AS) was sent as a Prophet to the Bani Thamud to rectify their depravedpeople. The Thamudites were the descendants of Thamud, a grandson of Sam. They lived in thevalley of Alqura and Alhajr between Syria and Hijaz. They became wealthy and powerfulbecause of their physique and skills as builders and constructors. This tribe flourished more thantwo centuries after ‘Ad. Its people were famous for their longevity and enormous bulk. Theybuilt large buildings in the caves of the mountains and exercised considerable supremacy overtheir neighboring tribes. Their prosperity and material wealth made them arrogant and led them astray. They werenot humble and did not appreciate their surroundings. The head of every powerful family—andthere were quite a few of them—carved his own image in stone. For the head of the family, thecarving was an admiration of his status and everlasting presence among his people. For the clan,the carving was a symbol of power, and they started worshipping these idols in adoration andbelieved them to be very powerful. Their subsequent generations believed that these idolsprovided them with food and rain, kept them safe from dangers, and restored their health whenthey were sick. Allah (SWT) appointed Prophet Saleh (AS) as the prophet. Prophet Saleh (AS) was well-known for his wisdom, simplicity and kindness. He enjoyed great respect and high status amongthe people until he was charged with the duties of reverting his people back towardsmonotheism, worshipping one God without any partners. But the people refused to listen to hispreaching. ∩∉⊄∪ 5=ƒÍßΔ Ïμø‹s9Î) !$tΡθããô‰s? $£ϑÏiΒ 7e7© ’Å∀s9 $uΖ¯ΡÎ)uρ $tΡäτ!$t/#u™ ߉ç7÷ètƒ $tΒ y‰ç7÷è¯Ρ βr& !$uΖ9yγ÷Ψs?r& ( !#x‹≈yδ Ÿ≅ö6s% #vθã_ötΒ $uΖŠÏù |MΨä. ô‰s% ßxÎ=≈|Á≈tƒ (#θä9$s% x O Saleh! You have been among us as a figure of good hope, and were hoping for you to be our chief. Now you have brought us this new message for us to leave our gods that we pray to and accept only one God, Allah, alone! Are you now forbidding us to follow what our fathers had worshipped? We are in grave doubt, about monotheism, towards what you invite us to.” (Quran: 11/62) They became increasingly abusive towards Prophet Saleh (AS), especially when he saidthese idols were unable to answer their prayers. They believed that Prophet Saleh (AS) wasunder the spells of the bad spirits and would stop his preaching when he was cured. They wantedto continue with their own prayers. However, some of them started believing in his message and became his followers. Thisraised a concern among the nonbelievers who feared that his followers would increase. Thus,they asked Prophet Saleh (AS) to perform a miracle to prove that he was, in fact, a messenger ofAllah. Prophet Saleh (AS) asked them about the nature of the miracle that they requested. Thenonbelievers wanted a unique she-camel to come out from the rocks of the mountain. ProphetSaleh (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for Assistance and Guidance. Allah (SWT) Directed ProphetSaleh (AS) to perform the requisite miracle with His permission. On an appointed day the people of Thamud gathered in the valley to see what theybelieved was going to be a humiliation of Prophet Saleh (AS) and his followers. Prophet Saleh(AS) again repeated his message to believe in Allah. He reminded them of the bounties Allahhad showered upon them. Their chieftains pointed to a solid rock in the mountain and demanded,“Ask your Lord to make a she-camel, which must be ten-months pregnant, tall, and exquisite. Itmust come out of that rock.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 40 Prophet Saleh (AS) asked, “If Allah sends you what you have just requested, exactly asdescribed, will you thereafter believe in that which I have come to deliver to you and have faithin the messages I have been sent with?” They answered, “Yes.” That was their vow. Prophet Saleh (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT). Immediately thereafter the rock split apart,and a great looking she-camel came out of it. When it reached the crowd, it was determined toshow that it was real and ten months pregnant. She was unique and beautiful to look at. She wasa clear sign that Allah (SWT) existed and that Prophet Saleh (AS) was His messenger. A smallminority of those present believed in the miracle and joined the group of believers. The people of Thamud accepted the presence of the she-camel and would revere it as asacred being. It was producing milk regularly, which was sufficient for all of them. Otheranimals avoided any place used by the she-camel. Therefore, they allowed it to graze in anyfield and to drink from any well. Nevertheless, these observations did not convince the majorityto accept Prophet Saleh (AS) and his message. Their hatred and defiance of Prophet Saleh (AS) increased when more people joinedProphet Saleh’s (AS) group of righteous believers. This movement caused splits among families.The people were divided into two camps: the believers and the non-believers. Both groupsattributed the cause of their allegiance to the presence of the she-camel. While one groupbelieved it to be a blessing, the other considered it an undesirable presence. Thus, the she-camelwas included as an object of hatred along with Prophet Saleh (AS). The non-believers conspiredto destroy the she-camel. When Prophet Saleh (AS) learned about this conspiracy, he warned: ∩∉⊆∪ Ò=ƒÌs% Ò>#x‹ã ö/ä.x‹è{ùu‹sù &™þθÝ¡Î0 $yδθ¡yϑs? Ÿωuρ «!$# ÇÚö‘r& þ’Îû ö≅à2ùs? $yδρâ‘x‹sù Zπtƒ#u™ öΝà6s9 «!$# èπs%$tΡ ⎯ÍνÉ‹≈yδ ÏΘöθs)≈tƒuρ t O my people! This she-camel of Allah is His sign to you. Leave her alone, to feed on this land of Allah, and do not touch her with malice, lest a torment seize you. (Quran: 11/64) For a while, the people heeded his advice and did not harm the she-camel even thoughtheir hatred increased in intensity. The non-believers started a campaign to discredit the she-camel by pointing out and exaggerating: • The huge amounts of water and food being consumed by she-camel • How the other animals were avoiding the spots used by she-camel • How their families have split ever since the she-camel appeared Another plot was hatched secretly by a few of them. This time it was agreed that thebeauty of some of their women-folk be utilized as tools of temptation, over the willing andvulnerable youths among them. A team was needed to execute the plot. The team should bemade up of people who will carry out their missions only for the rewards offered without payingany attention to the purpose and the object. Among these plotters was a women named SaduqBint Mahya, who was from a rich and noble family. She offered herself as the reward to a youngman named Masrai Ibn Mahraj, if he could hamstring the camel. Another plotter, an old womannamed Aniza, offered one of her daughters to another young man, Qudar Ibn Saluf, if he was toassist in the killing of the she-camel. This assignment was accepted by the two, who set about to recruit more youths to assistthem. Once the team was assembled, it commenced the surveillance of the she-camel andfollowed it jointly. As the she-camel came to drink water at the well, one of executioners’ namedMasra`I fired an arrow, which hit the she-camel in the leg. The she-camel was unable to escapefrom the executioners because of the injury to the leg and the arrow stuck in it. Qudar
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 41approached the she-camel with a sword and sliced off the other leg. The she-camel wasparalyzed and fell on the spot. Immediately after it fell, Qudar used his sword again to inflict acruel terminal blow, and pierced it into the heart of the she-camel. These killers of the she-camel were treated as heroes. They were welcomed with songsand poetry composed especially for them. As their status in the society of the non-believers wasraised to a high level, their arrogance towards Prophet Saleh (AS) also increased. They hadbecome insolent to him and mocked him. Prophet Saleh (AS), hoping that these people wouldseek Mercy from Allah (SWT), cautioned them: “Enjoy your life for three more days, then thepunishment will descend upon you.” “Why three days?” they asked. “Let the punishment come as quickly as possible.” Prophet Saleh (AS) again pleaded with them to seek the Mercy of Allah (SWT) bypraying and apologizing to Him for their recent and grievous sin, saying, “My people, why doyou hasten towards evil rather than good?” They replied, “We see your presence and that of your followers as bringing evil on us.” Prophet Saleh (AS) cautioned, “Your ill omen is with Allah; Also you are the people thatare being tested.” They plotted to assassinate Prophet Saleh and kill all his family.£⎯9θà)uΖs9 ¢ΟèO …ã&s#÷δr&ρ …çμ¨ΖtGÍhŠ;ãΨ9 «!$$Î/ (#θßϑy™$s)s? (#θä9$s% ∩⊆∇∪ šχθßsÎ=óÁムŸωuρ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû šχρ߉šøム7Ý÷δu‘ èπyèó¡Î@ ÏπuΖƒÏ‰yϑø9$# ’Îû šχ%x.uρ s u u s ∩∈⊃∪ šχρããèô±„ Ÿω öΝèδuρ #ò6tΒ $tΡös3tΒuρ #ò6tΒ (#ρãs3tΒuρ ∩⊆®∪ šχθè%ω≈|Ás9 $¯ΡÎ)uρ ⎯Ï&Î#÷δr& y7Î=ôγtΒ $tΡô‰Íκy− $tΒ ⎯ÏμÍh‹Ï9uθÏ9 o And there were in the city nine groups who were mischievous and refused to reform. They conspired amongst themselves to attack and kill him (Saleh) and the people in his house, during the night. Afterwards they will tell his friends that they had no knowledge about those responsible for the destruction and they were telling the truth. So they plotted a plot: and We plotted a plot, while they perceived not. (Quran: 27/48-50) Allah (SWT) saved Prophet Saleh (AS) and his family and his followers from the wickedplans of the non-believers. With heavy hearts, they emigrated to settle in another land. Threedays after Prophet Saleh’s (AS) warning, thunderbolts filled the area, which prompted the peopleto seek refuge indoors. Thereafter, violent earthquakes shook the grounds and destroyedeverything. None of the well-built castles, houses, and mountain abodes was able to protect themfrom the wrath of Allah (SWT)öΝà6s9 «!$# èπs%$tΡ ⎯ÍνÉ‹≈yδ ( öΝä3În/§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ ×πuΖÍh‹t/ Νà6ø?u™!$y_ ô‰s% ( …çνçöxî >μ≈s9Î) ô⎯ÏiΒ Νà6s9 $tΒ ©!$# (#ρ߉ç7ôã$# ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ tΑ$s% 3 $[sÎ=≈|¹ öΝèδ%s{r& yŠθßϑrO 4’n<Î)uρ7Š$tã ω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ u™!$xn=äz ö/ä3n=yèy_ øŒÎ) (#ÿρãà2øŒ$#uρ ∩∠⊂∪ ÒΟŠÏ9r& ë>#x‹tã öΝä.x‹äzùu‹sù &™þθÝ¡Î0 $yδθ¡yϑs? Ÿωuρ ( «!$# ÇÚö‘r& þ’Îû ö≅à2ù? $yδρâ‘x‹sù ( Zπtƒ#u™ sÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû (#öθsW÷ès? Ÿωuρ «!$# u™Iω#u™ (#ÿρãà2øŒ$$sù ( $Y?θã‹ç/ tΑ$t6Éfø9$# tβθçGÅs÷Ζs?uρ #Y‘θÝÁè% $yγÏ9θßγß™ ⎯ÏΒ šχρä‹Ï‚−Gs? ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû öΝà2r&§θt/uρ⎯ÏiΒ ×≅y™ó‘Δ $[sÎ=≈|¹ χr& šχθßϑn=÷ès?r& öΝåκ÷]ÏΒ z⎯tΒ#u™ ô⎯yϑÏ9 (#θàÏèôÒçGó™$# t⎦⎪Ï%©#Ï9 ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% ∅ÏΒ (#ρçy9ò6tFó™$# t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# _|yϑø9$# tΑ$s% ∩∠⊆∪ š⎥⎪ωšøãΒ(#öθtGtãuρ sπs%$¨Ψ9$# (#ρãs)yèsù ∩∠∉∪ šχρãÏ≈x. ⎯ÏμÎ/ ΝçGΖtΒ#u™ ü“Ï%©!$$Î/ $¯ΡÎ) (#ÿρçy9ò6tFó™$# š⎥⎪Ï%©!$# tΑ$s% ∩∠∈∪ šχθãΖÏΒ÷σãΒ ⎯ÏμÎ/ Ÿ≅Å™ö‘é& !$yϑÎ/ $¯ΡÎ) (#þθä9$s% 4 ⎯ÏμÎn/§‘4’¯<uθtFsù ∩∠∇∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÏW≈y_ öΝÏδÍ‘#yŠ ’Îû (#θßst7ô¹rsù èπxô_§9$# ÞΟßγø?x‹s{rsù ∩∠∠∪ t⎦⎫Î=y™ößϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ |MΨä. βÎ) !$tΡ߉Ïè? $yϑÎ/ $oΨÏKø$# ßxÎ=≈|Á≈tƒ (#θä9$s%uρ óΟÎγÎn/u‘ ÍöΔ& ô⎯tã s r ∩∠®∪ š⎥⎫Ï⇔ÅÁ≈¨Ψ9$# tβθ™7ÏtéB ω ⎯Å3≈s9uρ öΝä3s9 àMós|ÁtΡuρ ’În1u‘ ss!$y™Í‘ öΝà6çGøó=ö/r& ô‰)s9 ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ Α$s%uρ öΝåκ÷]tã n s t
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 42To the Thamud people We sent Saleh, one of their own brethren: He said: “O my people!Worship Allah; you have no other god but Him. Now has come to you a clear Sign from yourLord! This she-camel of Allah is a Sign to you: so leave her to graze in Allah’s earth, and lether come to no harm, or you shall be seized with a grievous punishment. And remember howHe made you inheritors after the ‘Ad people and gave you habitations in the land: you buildfor yourselves palaces and castles in open plains and carve out homes in the mountains; sobring to remembrance the benefits you have received from Allah, and refrain from evil andmischief on the earth. The chieftains of his people, had become scornful of those whofollowed Saleh and they despised them because they were amongst those who believed inAllah, the chieftains would ask them “Do you know that Saleh is the one sent by his Lord?”They replied, “We do believe that he has been sent as a messenger.” The scornful chieftains declared that they did not believe and therefore rejected the messageof Saleh. So they hamstrung the she-camel, thereby flouting the commandment of their Lord,and in addition they challenged, “O Saleh! Bring upon us what you threaten if you are indeedof those sent from Allah. ”So the earthquake seized them, and morning found them prostratein their dwelling place. And Saleh said, “ O my people! I delivered my Lord’s message untoyou and gave you good advice, but you love not good advisers.” (Quran: 7/73-79)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 43PROPHET IBRAHIM (ABRAHAM) ASLineage: Prophet Ibrahim (AS), son of Tarikh, son of Nahur, son of Sarough, son of Raghu, son of Phaligh, son of `Aher, son of Shalih, son of Arfghshand, son of Sam, son of Prophet Nuh (AS). According to the People of Book, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was born when his father,Tarikh, was 75 years old. Tarikh had other sons named Nahur (Nahur) and Haran. Haran had ason who later became Prophet Lut (Lot). It is also mentioned that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was themiddle child and his brother Haran died during his father’s lifetime in the same land where hewas born; the land of the Chaldeans (Al-Kaldanieen), now known as Babylonia. The people ofthat time were worshipping idols of stone and wood; some prayed to the planets, stars, sun andmoon; while others worshipped their kings and rulers. That was the scenario during the birth andgrowth of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). His father, Tarikh, was not only an idol worshipper but also oneof the major builders and a prominent supplier of the idols. Tarikh had totally rejected Allah(SWT). Allah (SWT) bestowed upon Prophet Ibrahim (AS) from his early childhood, wisdom andan enlightened heart to conceive the true spiritual understandings of the universe and its Creator. ∩∈⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=≈tã ⎯ÏμÎ/ $¨Ζä.uρ ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ …çνy‰ô©â‘ tΛ⎧Ïδ≡tö/Î) !$oΨ÷s?#u™ ô‰s)s9uρ And We verily gave Ibrahim, when he was able to comprehend, his proper course of life and We were well-acquainted with him and his belief in the One and the Only Allah. (Quran: 21/51) During his early childhood, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) watched his father making thesestrangest statues. When he enquired about them, his father told him that the statues were thegods. His logical mind refused to accept them as gods; however, he liked to use them as toys androde over them as if on the horsebacks. One day his father admonished him for riding on theseidols. Prophet Ibrahim (AS), pointing to an image, asked his father, “O father! What is thisstatue? It has big ears, unlike ours.” His father replied, “It is Mardukh, the god of gods! These big ears reflect his wideknowledge.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) laughed as if he had just heard a joke! His father very nearlyslapped him, but realized that Prophet Ibrahim was only a seven-year-old child! Whenever hewould accompany his father to the temples, which had all the different varieties of images andlevels of gods, he used to observe that people were behaving strangely and inconsistently in frontof these images. Some would bow down and start crying; some would beg for help; some wantedthese idols to hurt other people for some reason or another. This appeared funny to ProphetIbrahim (AS), as there was no uniformity in the manners the people worshipped. Nevertheless as he grew up, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) continued to play with them as toysand strongly rejected the idea that these statues were gods. He could not understand the sanity inaccepting them as gods because if the statues were turned upside down they were unable torevert themselves! Therefore, it was illogical to accept that these statues had the powers to harmor benefit their worshippers. What had appeared to be funny during his early years, started tomake him angry at the behavior of his people and their worshipping of the idols. His resentmentincreased when he learned that his father wanted Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to join as a priest in thetemples of the idols, and work hard to rise and attain the rank of High Priest. Such a statuswould provide their family with a very high political power. His father already had a politicalrank as the Creator of the Images; and, with a High Priest in the family, their political power
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 44 Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had developed a habit of self-meditating whenever he was angry orupset. He would withdraw away from people and go to the top of the mountain. From there hewould look at the sky, stars, and the moon and wonder about the creator of this universe. Hisobservations of their movements made him wonder at the purpose of their existence. But whenhe noticed that they had regular cycles of appearing and disappearing, his analysis led him tobelieve that these celestial bodies were themselves working at the command of a creator. Thus,they could not have any powers to grant anything in answer to the prayers of their worshippers.These celestial bodies must themselves pray and obey the commands of their creator. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was inspired and felt that he must confront his people with thesefacts. He must guide them away from worshipping the idols, the images, and the celestial bodiesin the skies. He gathered his people and told them about what he had observed:!$£ϑ=sù ( ’În1‘ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% ( $Y6x.öθx. #u™u‘ ã≅ø‹©9$# Ïμø‹n=tã £⎯y_ $£ϑn=sù ∩∠∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏΨÏ%θßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ tβθä3u‹Ï9uρ ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# |Nθä3n=tΒ zΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) ü“ÌçΡ šÏ9≡x‹x.uρ n uÏΘöθ)ø9$# ⎯ÏΒ ⎥ðθà2V{ ’În1u‘ ’ÎΤωöκu‰ öΝ©9 ⎦È⌡s9 tΑ$s% Ÿ≅sùr& !$£ϑn=ù ( ’În1‘ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% $ZîΗ$t/ tyϑs)ø9$# #u™u‘ $£ϑn=sù ∩∠∉∪ š⎥⎫Î=ÏùFψ$# =Ïmé& Iω tΑ$s% Ÿ≅sùr& s z s s uàMôγ§_ρ ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩∠∇∪ tβθä.Îô³è@ $£ϑÏiΒ Ö™ü“Ìt/ ’ÎoΤÎ) ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ tΑ$s% ôMn=sùr& !$£ϑn=sù ( çt9ò2r& !#x‹≈yδ ’În1u‘ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% ZπxîΗ$t/ }§ôϑ¤±9$# #u™u‘ $£ϑn=sù ∩∠∠∪ t⎦,Îk!!$Ò9$# uô‰%uρ «!$# ’Îû ’ÎoΤþθ’f¯≈ptéBr& tΑ$s% 4 …çμãΒöθs% …çμ§_!%nuρ ∩∠®∪ š⎥⎫Ï.Îô³ßϑø9$# š∅ÏΒ O$tΡr& !$tΒuρ ( $Z‹ÏΖym š⇓ö‘F{$#uρ ÅV≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# tsÜsù “Ï%©#Ï9 }‘Îγô_uρ s t!$tΒ ß∃%s{r& #ø‹Ÿ2uρ ∩∇⊃∪ βρã2x‹Fs? Ÿξsùr& 3 $¸ϑù=Ïã >™ó©x« ¨≅à2 ’În1u‘ yìÅ™uρ 3 $↔ø‹© ’În1u‘ u™!$t±o„ βr& HωÎ) ÿ⎯ÏμÎ/ šχθä.Îô³è@ $tΒ ß∃%s{r& Iωuρ 4 Ç⎯1y‰δ y t t x y∩∇⊇∪ šχθßϑ=÷è? ÷Λä⎢Ζä. βÎ) ( Ç⎯øΒF{$$Î/ ‘,ymr& È⎦÷⎫s)ƒÌxø9$# ‘“rù 4 $YΖ≈sÜù=ß™ öΝà6ø‹n=tæ ⎯ÏμÎ/ öΑÍi”t∴ムöΝs9 $tΒ «!$$Î/ ΟçGø.uõ°r& öΝä3¯Ρr& šχθèù$sƒrB Ÿωuρ öΝçGò2uõ°r& n s sßìùöΡ 4 ⎯ÏμÏΒöθ% 4’n?ã zΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) !$yγ≈oΨøŠs?#u™ !$uΖçF¤fãm y7ù=Ï?uρ ∩∇⊄∪ tβρ߉tGôγ•Β Νèδuρ ß⎯øΒF{$# ãΝßγs9 y7Íׯ≈s9ρé& AΟù=ÝàÎ/ ΟßγuΖ≈yϑƒÎ) (#þθÝ¡Î6ù=tƒ óΟs9uρ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# s t s t ∩∇⊂∪ ÒΟŠÎ=tæ íΟ‹Å3ym š−/u‘ ¨βÎ) 3 â™!$t±®Σ ⎯¨Β ;M≈y_u‘yŠ Thus did We show Ibrahim, the kingdom of the heavens and the earth so that he possesses certain and clear knowledge. When the night grew dark upon him he saw a bright planet. He said, “This is my Lord.” But when it set, he said, “ I cannot love things that set.” And when he saw the moon bright and rising, he exclaimed, “This is my Lord.” But when it set, he said “Unless my Lord guides me, I shall become of those who are astray.” And when he saw the rising of the sun, He cried, “This is my Lord! This Is greater!” But when it set down, he exclaimed, “ O my people! Lo! I am Free from all that you associate with Him. Lo! I have turned my face toward him Who created the heavens and the earth, as one by nature upright and I am not of the idolaters.” His people argued with him. He said, “Do you dispute with me concerning Allah when He has guided me? I fear not all that you have set and associate with Him unless my Lord wills. My Lord comprehends all things in His knowledge. Why do you not keep this in your memory?” “Why should I fear the things you have rivaled to Allah and your claiming of them to be worthy of your worships? Whilst you are not fearful of Allah! And He has never given you any signs to associate anything with Him. Which of us two factions has more right to the safety in Allah?” Those who believe and obscure not their belief by wrongdoings, theirs is Safety; and they are rightly guided. That is our argument. We gave in to Ibrahim against his folk. We raise unto degrees of wisdom whom We will. Lo! Your Lord is Wise, Aware. (Quran: 6/75-83) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) emphasized the futility of their prayers, which were useless;because they had addressed them to the wrong sources.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 45 • Since the stars, the sun, or the moon, which were the very objects of their prayers, had their own cycles of appearing and disappearing, how could they possibly have the powers to fulfill the prayers of their worshippers? • If the idols and the images were unable to consume the foods prepared and left in front of them, how could these very deities provide food for their worshippers who prayed for food? • How could these idols be their gods, when the worshippers themselves had carved these images? However, Allah (SWT) was the Creator and Provider of the sustenance for everything. He told his father and those around him to firmly renounce the worship of idols.óΟçFΡr& óΟçFΖä. ô‰)s9 Α$s% ∩∈⊂∪ š⎥⎪ωÎ7≈tã $oλm; $tΡu™!$t/#u™ !$tΡô‰`uρ (#θä9$s% ∩∈⊄∪ tβθàÅ3≈tã $oλm; óΟçFΡr& û©ÉL©9$# ã≅ŠÏO$yϑ−G9$# ÍνÉ‹≈yδ $tΒ ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs%uρ ÏμŠÎ/L{ tΑ$s% øŒÎ) s t y ∩∈⊆∪ &⎦⎫Î7•Β 9≅≈n=|Ê ’Îû öΝà2äτ!$t/#u™uρ When he said to his father and his folk; what are these images to which you pay devotion? They said: We found our fathers , worshippers of them. He said: Surely you and your fathers were in plain error. (Quran: 21/52-54 Prophet Ibrahim (AS) declared that Allah (SWT) was the One and Only worthy of theirprayers. He has no associates or intercessors. And He has strictly forbidden the offerings ofprayers to anyone else except Him:çν$−ƒÎ) öΝçFΖà2 βÎ)  ∅ßγs)n=z “Ï%©!$# ¬! (#ρ߉ß∨ó™$#ρ Ìyϑs)ù=Ï9 Ÿωuρ ħôϑ¤±=Ï9 (#ρ߉àfó¡n@ Ÿω 4 ãyϑs)ø9$#uρ ߧôϑ¤±9$#uρ â‘$yγ¨Ψ9$#uρ ã≅øŠ©9$# ÏμÏG≈tƒ#u™ ô⎯ÏΒuρ y u ∩⊂∠∪ šχρ߉ç7ès? ÷ And of His portents are the night and the day and the sun and the moon. Prostrate neither to the sun nor to the moon; but prostrate to Allah Who created them, it is in truth Him whom you worship. (Quran: 41/37) His people refused to accept his message and dispersed. His father was the mostsurprised, due to the followings of the monotheism that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) suggested. It was astunning blow to his aspirations and expectations about Prophet Ibrahim (AS). His dreams ofhaving a High Priest within his family were shattered. However, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) did notwant to lose the paternal love, nor did he want to deprive his father of his devotion as a son.Nevertheless, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) wanted his father to give up idolatry and adopt the right pathtowards Allah (SWT). He knew that severe punishment awaited worshippers of idols. He wasanxious to save his father from the Fires of Hell. Again Prophet Ibrahim (AS) hastened to advisehis father and plead with him to follow the right path.Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§=Ï9 β%x. z⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ¨βÎ) ( z⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ωç7÷ès? Ÿω ÏMt/r¯≈tƒ ∩⊆⊂∪ $wƒÈθy™ $WÛ≡uÅÀ x8ω÷δr& û©Í_÷èÎ7¨?$$sù y7Ï?ùtƒ öΝs9 $tΒ ÉΟù=Ïèø9$# š∅ÏΒ ’ÎΤu™!%` ô‰s% ’ÎoΤÎ) ÏMt/r¯≈tƒ t yóΟ©9 ⎦È⌡s9 ( ãΛ⎧Ïδ≡tö/Î*¯≈ƒ ©ÉLyγÏ9#u™ ô⎯ã |MΡr& ë=Ïî#u‘& tΑ$s% ∩⊆∈∪ $wŠÏ9uρ Ç⎯≈sÜøŠ¤±=Ï9 tβθä3tGsù Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$# z⎯ÏiΒ Ò>#x‹tã y7¡¡yϑtƒ βr& ß∃%s{r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ÏMt/r¯≈tƒ ∩⊆⊆∪ $wŠÅÁtã t t rÈβρߊ ⎯ÏΒ šχθããô‰? $tΒuρ öΝä3ä9Í”tIôã&uρ ∩⊆∠∪ $|‹Ïym ’Î1 šχ%x. …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( þ’În1u‘ 7s9 ãÏøótGó™ry™ ( y7ø‹n=tã íΝ≈n=y™ tΑ$s% ∩⊆∉∪ $|‹Î=tΒ ’ÎΤöàf÷δ$#uρ ( y7¨ΖuΗädö‘V{ ÏμtG⊥s? s r y ∩⊆∇∪ $|‹É)x© ’În1u‘ Ï™!%tæ߉Î/ tβθä.r& Hωr& #©|¤tã ’În1u‘ (#θãã÷Šr&uρ «!$# O my father! Lo! There has come unto me of knowledge that which came not unto you. So follow me, and I will lead you on a straight path. O my father! Do not worship the Devil because the Devil rebelled against Allah. O my father! Because my fear is that your
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 46 punishment from Allah will like the one reserved for the Devil and his partners.” He said, “Will you reject my gods, O Ibrahim? If you do not stop, I will tone you. Go away from me and out of my sight.” Ibrahim offered, “Peace be unto you! I shall ask forgiveness of my Lord for you. Because He was ever gracious to me. I shall withdraw from you and that unto you pray beside Allah, and I shall pray unto my Lord. Perchance, in prayer to my Lord, I shall not be unblessed.” (Quran: 19/43-48) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was determined to stamp out the evil practices of idolatry and theworshipping of any objects rather than Allah (SWT). He addressed people and repeated hisobservations about the idols, the images that were actually condemning them. His people askedhim, “Are you condemning our gods and what our fathers and forefathers worshipped?” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) replied, “I come to you with true religion. I have been sent withguidance from our Lord, Who alone is worthy of worship, Who is the Creator of the heavens andthe earth, and Who regulates all the affairs of life, unlike the dumb idols which are just stone andwood.” To convince them that the idols were powerless and could not harm him, he challenged,“I have already condemned them; if they had any power they would have harmed me by now!”øŒÎ) ö/ä3Ρθãèϑó¡o„ ö≅yδ Α$s% ∩∠⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏÅ3≈tã $oλm; ‘≅sàoΨsù $YΒ$uΖô¹r& ߉ç7÷ètΡ (#θä9$s% ∩∠⊃∪ tβρ߉ç7÷ès? $tΒ ⎯ÏμÏΒöθ%uρ Ïμ‹Î/L{ tΑ$s% øŒÎ) ∩∉®∪ zΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) rt7tΡ öΝÎγöŠn=tæ ã≅ø?$#uρ t y t sóΟçFΡr& ∩∠∈∪ βρ߉ç7÷ès? óΟçFΖä. $¨Β ΟçF÷ƒu™sùr& tΑ$s% ∩∠⊆∪ tβθè=èøtƒ y7Ï9≡x‹x. $tΡu™!$t/#u™ !$tΡô‰y`ρ ö≅t/ (#θä9$s% ∩∠⊂∪ tβρ•ÛØo„ ÷ρr& öΝä3tΡθãèxΖtƒ ÷ρr& ∩∠⊄∪ tβθããô‰s? t t y u#sŒÎ)uρ ∩∠®∪ È⎦⎫É)ó¡o„uρ ©Í_ßϑÏèôÜムθèδ “Ï%©!$#uρ ∩∠∇∪ È⎦⎪ωöκu‰ uθßγsù ©Í_s)n=yz “Ï%©!$# ∩∠∠∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# ¡>u‘ ωÎ) þ’Ík< Aρ߉tã öΝåκ¨ΞÎ*sù ∩∠∉∪ tβθãΒy‰ø%F{$# ãΝà2äτ!$t/#u™uρ u ∩∇⊄∪ É⎥⎪Ïe$!$# uΘöθtƒ ©ÉLt↔ÿ‹ÏÜz ’Í< tÏøóƒ βr& ßìyϑôÛr& ü“Ï%©!$#uρ ∩∇⊇∪ È⎦⎫ÍŠøtä† ¢ΟèO ©Í_çGŠÏϑム“Ï%©!$#uρ ∩∇⊃∪ É⎥⎫Ïô±o„ uθßγsù àMôÊÌtΒ y t Recite unto them the story of Ibrahim: When he said unto his father and his folk: “What do you worship?” They said, “We worship idols, and are ever devoted unto them.” He said, “Do they hear you when you cry? Or do they benefit or harm you?” They said, “No, but we found our fathers acting like this.“ You and your forefathers! Lo! They are all enemies, except the Lord of the Worlds. Who created me, and He does guide me. And Who feeds me waters me. And when I am sick He heals me. And Who causes me to die, then gives me life again. And Who, I ardently hope, Will Forgive me my sins on the Day of Judgment.” (Quran: 26/69-82) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) continued spreading his messages. He advised the people • To worship Allah (SWT) only. • To always remember and be fearful of the wrath of Allah (SWT). • To remember that Allah (SWT) will Forgive all their sins if they turn to Him only • To remember that Allah (SWT) does not Forgive idol worshipping; nor does He allow worshipping of any objects, creatures, or images • To remember that it is also an unforgivable sin to associate any other gods with Allah (SWT). Prophet Ibrahim (AS) told the people that their life on Earth was merely a test for theireternal life. After death they will be resurrected on the Day of Judgment. If they had lived asrighteously guided people, who will reside in Paradise forever; if they chose to follow Satan anddeviated from the rightful path towards Allah (SWT), they will be thrown into the Fires of Hellforever. Many nations before them also had received similar messages through the rightfullyappointed Messengers of Allah (SWT). The duty of the messenger was only to convey themessages. If the people of the nations accept them; those are the rightly guided. If the peoplerefuse to accept them, they are the unbelievers. It is no reflection on the messenger.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 47 Some members of the idolatrous people mocked Prophet Ibrahim (AS) with the remarks,“You say that after we have been dead, buried, and turned into dust your Lord will resurrect uswith our bodies intact?” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) replied, “Yes. Why is it surprising for you to comprehend this fact?After all, Allah (SWT) created you from a tiny drop of water (semen).” The unbelievers challenged Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to ask his Lord to show a miracle andthen they will believe in his message. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) Prayed to Allah (SWT) for help.Allah (SWT) Directed Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to capture some birds, slaughter them, and burythem in the vicinity of the unbelievers, so they will see the miracle of the resurrection. ProphetIbrahim (AS) asked the unbelievers to bring four different species of birds. The birds wereassembled, slaughtered, their bodies intermixed, and scattered over hills surrounding them.Prophet Ibrahim (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) and called the birds. Everyone present observedthat the four birds flew in and settled on the ground among them. These birds were in theiroriginal forms and colors. The unbelievers retorted that it was only a magician’s trick. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) knew that his message was not making any headway with thepeople. He secretly planned a practical demonstration to prove his point that their idols werenothing but lifeless, like the stone or wood they were carved from. He knew about a forthcomingfestival when all the people would be away on the opposite bank of the river. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) waited until the entire city was empty. He cautiously approachedthe main temple carrying a sharp axe with him. Upon entering the temple, he found food left infront of the statues as offerings. He asked one of the statues, “The food lying in front of you is getting cold! Why are younot eating it?” The lifeless forms of man-created gods could only remain silent and rigid. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) addressed all the statues present, “Will you not eat the offeringsmade to you? What is the matter with you that you do not answer?” Then he used his axe and started slashing and cutting people’s false gods. He destroyedall the statues in the temple except one. Before he left the temple, he hung the axe on the neck ofthe surviving statue. He was satisfied that he had destroyed the objects of his resentment. When the people returned to the temple and found the destruction of their gods, whichwere lying in pieces all over the temple, they knew who had perpetuated this destruction. Theyarrested Prophet Ibrahim (AS). The town elders set up for a hastened trial in the venue of theirtemple. When the trial commenced, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was asked if he was responsible forthe damage inflicted to their gods.#’n<Î) (#þθãèy_sù ∩∉⊂∪ šχθà)ÏÜΖtƒ (#θçΡ$Ÿ2 βÎ) öΝèδθè=t↔ó¡sù #x‹≈yδ öΝèδçÎ7Ÿ2 …ã&s#yèsù ö≅t/ tΑ$s% ∩∉⊄∪ ÞΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î*¯≈tƒ $uΖÏGoλÎ;$t↔Î/ #x‹≈yδ |Mù=yèù |MΡr&u™ (#þθä9$s% t s⎯ÏΒ šχρ߉ç7÷ètGsùr& tΑ$s% ∩∉∈∪ šχθà)ÏÜΖtƒ Ï™Iωàσ¯≈yδ $tΒ |MôϑÎ=tã ô‰s)s9 óΟÎγÅ™ρâ™â‘ 4’n?tã (#θÝ¡Å3çΡ §ΝèO ∩∉⊆∪ tβθßϑÎ=≈©à9$# ÞΟçFΡr& öΝä3¯ΡÎ) (#þθä9$s)sù óΟÎγÅ¡àΡr&(#ÿρçÝÇΡ$#uρ çνθè%Ìhym (#θä9$s% ∩∉∠∪ šχθè=É)÷ès? Ÿξsùr& ( «!$# Èβρߊ ⎯ÏΒ šχρ߉ç7÷ès? $yϑÏ9uρ ö/ä3©9 7e∃é& ∩∉∉∪ öΝä.•ÛØtƒ Ÿωuρ $↔ø‹x© öΝà6ãèΖtƒ Ÿω $tΒ «!$# Âχρߊ x ∩∉∇∪ š⎥⎫Î=Ïè≈sù ÷Λä⎢Ζà2 βÎ) öΝä3tGyγÏ9#u™ They asked, “ Is it you who have done this to our gods, O Ibrahim?” Ibrahim replied, “But this, their chief has done it. Hence question him. Then they said to Ibrahim, “ You know very well that these cannot speak. ”Ibrahim replied, “ What is the benefit of your prayers to these idols, instead of towards Allah? These gods of yours cannot profit you nor harm you? ”They
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 48 decreed, “Burn Ibrahim. Recite the name of your gods when you are providing the wood for lighting the fire.” (Quran: 21/62-68) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was chained and put into custody while the preparations for the firewere initiated. All the citizens were ordered to collect and donate wood for the fire. At the sametime some people dug a large, deep pit, which they considered a prayer and a service to theirgods. On the edge of the pit they erected a catapult to throw Prophet Ibrahim (AS) into the fire.The fire was lit and Prophet Ibrahim (AS), with his limbs tied, was placed on the catapult. As theintensity of the fire increased, the people started to move farther and farther away from the pit.Then the chief priest gave the order for Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to be caste into the fire. Angel Jibrail (AS), at the Command of Allah (SWT), approached Prophet Ibrahim (AS)and asked, “Oh Ibrahim! Do you wish for anything?” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) replied, “Nothing from you.” When the catapult caste Prophet Ibrahim (AS) into the fire, Allah (SWT) Ordered thefire to accept Prophet Ibrahim (AS) but not to burn him and to cool down the spot where ProphetIbrahim (AS) would land. ∩∉®∪ zΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) #’n?tã $¸ϑ≈n=y™uρ #YŠöt/ ’ÎΤθä. â‘$uΖ≈tƒ $uΖù=è% “O fire! Be you coolness and safety for Ibrahim.” (Quran: 21/69) The fire submitted to the Command of Allah (SWT). Prophet Ibrahim (AS) sat in themiddle of the fire and praised and thanked Allah (SWT) for the grace showered upon him. Thecrowd, the chiefs, and the priest sat watching the fire from their seats. It was burning furiouslyand the heat was almost suffocating those who were nearby. When the fire subsided, they wereastonished to see Prophet Ibrahim (AS) coming out of the pit unscathed. While the faces of theonlookers had blackened with the smoke, the face of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was bright andilluminated with the grace of Allah (SWT). The raging fire had only burnt the ropes that had tiedthe limbs of Prophet Ibrahim. The crowd gasped in astonishment, and some people wereovercome with the miracle and decided to abandon their idols and follow the preaching ofProphet Ibrahim (AS). The tyrants, although amazed at the miracle, refused to abandon theirbeliefs: ∩∠⊃∪ š⎥⎪Îy£÷zF{$# ãΝßγ≈oΨù=yèyfsù #Y‰øŠx. ⎯ÏμÎ/ (#ρߊ#u‘r&uρ They wanted to harm him, but We made them worst losers. (Quran: 21/70) The ruler, a king named Namrud, who had declared himself to be the head of all the gods,turned very angry upon learning that Prophet Ibrahim (AS) has been unscathed by the fire. Hisanger increased when he heard that some of the spectators had openly declared their allegiance tothe religion of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Nimrod feared that more people would abandon theirreligion of idol worshipping and join the monotheism proclaimed by Prophet Ibrahim (AS).Nimrod felt as if this commoner was challenging his crown as the head of all the gods. Nimrodsummoned Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to come to his palace, so he could confront him.Α$s% ( M‹ÏΒé&uρ ⎯Ä©óré& O$tΡr& tΑ$s% àM‹Ïϑãƒuρ ⎯Ç‘ósム”Ï%©!$# }‘În/u‘ ãΝ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) tΑ$s% øŒÎ) šù=ßϑø9$# ª!$# çμ9s?#u™ ÷βr& ÿ⎯ÏμÎn/u‘ ’Îû zΝ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) ¢l!%tn “Ï%©!$# ’n<Î) ts? öΝs9r&t à ∩⊄∈∇∪ ⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$# tΠöθs)ø9$# “ωöκu‰ Ÿω ª!$#ρ 3 txx. “Ï%©!$# |MÎγç6sù É>Ìøóyϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ $pκÍ5 ÏNùsù É−Îô³yϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ Ä§ôϑ¤±9$$Î/ ’ÎAùtƒ ©!$#  χÎ*sù ãΝ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) t u Have you not turned your vision to one who disputed with Ibrahim about his Lord, because Allah had granted him power? Ibrahim said: “My Lord is He Who gives life and death.” He
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 49 (Nimrod) said, “I give life and death.” Ibrahim clarified, “But it is Allah that causes the sun to rise from the East: Can you make it to rise from the West?” Thus Ibrahim confounded who had rejected Faith in his arrogance. Allah also does not guide the people who are unjust. (Quran: 2/258) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) also decided to confront the king as an act of jihad. ProphetIbrahim (AS) wanted to defy an arrogant king, who was suppressing the truth of monotheism justto maintain his false power and assume the status of a god. The courtiers were amazed thatProphet Ibrahim (AS) was openly defiant of Nimrod, a very powerful king. Rumors of these confrontations and exchanges reached the masses, who had alreadywitnessed the miracle of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) walking out of the fire pit. Some had convertedbut kept their new allegiance secret out of fear of retaliation against them or their familymembers. However, two persons openly declared their allegiance to the monotheism of Islam asprofessed by Prophet Ibrahim (AS). One was Sarah, who married Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Thesecond was Prophet Lut (Lot) (AS), who was subsequently elevated to the status of Prophetwithin the lifetime of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was disappointed in all the people, who were unwilling to give upidol worship. He decided to emigrate with his wife and Prophet Lut (AS). They traveled to Ur,Haran and towards Palestine. ∩⊄∉∪ ÞΟ‹Å3ptø:$# Ⓝ͓yèø9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( þ’În1u‘ 4’n<Î) íÅ_$yγãΒ ’ÎoΤÎ) tΑ$s%uρ ¢ ÔÞθä9 …çμs9 z⎯tΒ$t↔sù * And Lut believed in him, and Ibrahim said, “I will emigrate for the sake of my Lord. Because He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” (Quran: 29/26) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) accompanied by his wife Sarah, continued to guide the people hemet during his travels. He educated them about the ways to conduct their life on the earth, withintheir families, and within their communities. He explained the consequences and after-effects ofthe people’s actions. He told them that their actions would have repercussions on the Day ofJudgment. He described the benefits of Paradise and the torments of Hell. He warned them aboutthe ever-presence of Satan, an enemy who would always mislead humankind away from therightful path of Allah (SWT). During his travels, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) passed through the territory of a tyrant chief.This tyrant had heard about Sarah’s beauty. The tyrant sent his soldiers to find out about ProphetIbrahim (AS) and Sarah. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had the foreknowledge of the tyrant’s designstowards Sarah; and prayed to Allah (SWT) for help. He had just come out of prayers when thesoldiers approached him and asked about his relationship with Sarah. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) toldthem that she was his sister! The soldiers demanded that Sarah be brought to their master. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) advised Sarah that he was entrusting her into the protection ofAllah (SWT). If the situation demanded and the need arose, she should immediately seek helpfrom Allah (SWT), who is always present and helpful. He also advised Sarah that he had told thesoldiers that she was his sister, and that she should not contradict him. Allah (SWT) would helpthem. At the court, Prophet Ibrahim was ordered to wait at the door for a meeting with thechief, while Sarah was hustled to another room. The tyrant chief approached her and extendedhis hand to touch her. He was unable to do so because his hand became painful and paralyzed.He realized that Sarah was being protected and guarded by some spirit. He asked her to pray forthe restoration of his arm. Sarah prayed to Allah (SWT) and his hand was restored. The tyranttried again; this time his whole hand and his shoulder suffered paralysis. He begged and cried to
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 50Sarah for forgiveness. Again Sarah prayed to Almighty Allah and the tyrant was forgiven. Hecalled upon his guards to return Sarah to Prophet Ibrahim (AS). He rewarded her with the gift ofa young Egyptian maidservant named Hagar. Sarah returned to Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and toldhim, “Allah has spoiled the evil plot of the infidel and the immoral person. This infidel gave meHagar for service.” Sarah was sterile; hence, she could not conceive. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had aged; hishair hard turned gray and many years of travel, labors, and hardships had started to show. Bothof them longed to have their own children. Sarah decided to offer Hagar in marriage to herhusband. Hagar gave birth to her first son, Ismail, (Ishmael) when Prophet Ibrahim (AS) was anold man. However, Sarah could not control her jealousy and insisted that Prophet Ibrahim (AS)get rid of Hagar and the child. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for guidance andassistance. He was instructed to take Hagar and Ismail and settle them elsewhere. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) settled Hagar and Ismail in the valley that later became known asMakkah. After settling them, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) returned to live with Sarah and continuedwith his mission of preaching and conveying Allah’s (SWT) messages to those he met. He wassaid, however, because he missed his son, Prophet Ismail (AS). He wished for another son, buthe was getting old. Once while he recalled the sacrifices he had made to remain righteous, tearsfell from his eyes. Allah (SWT), as always, Was Present and Knew what Prophet Ibrahim’s (AS)inner feelings. The Angels, Hazrat Jibrail (AS), Hazrat Israfeel (AS) and Hazrat Mikaeel (AS)descended upon Earth. They changed themselves into human shapes, came to the tent of ProphetIbrahim (AS), and greeted him with salutations of peace. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) arose andreciprocated the salutations and welcomed them inside his tent. After seating them, he soughttheir indulgence to excuse his short absence for him to go to the inner tent, away from them. Hetold his wife, Sarah, that he had three visitors, who were completely strangers to him. He askedher about the food that was available for his guests. When he learned that the available foodwould not be sufficient, he ordered a calf to be slaughtered and cooked for his guests. The servants roasted and served the calf. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) invited his guests to eatthe food that was laid down. To encourage them to eat, he took a portion and started to eat. Helooked at his guests and found that they had not touched any food. He took another portion andate. Again, his guests had not touched any part of the food. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) worried andthought that the strangers might have ill intentions toward him or his wealth. The Angels read histhoughts and assured him that they had no ill intentions toward him or anything belonging tohim. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) said, “Indeed, I am fearful of you. I have asked you to eat food, butyou do not. Do you intend me evil?” One of Angels smiled and said, “We do not eat. We are Allah’s angels. We have come togive glad tidings about your son Ishaaq!”Ïμø‹s9Î) ã≅ÅÁs? Ÿω öΝåκu‰Ï‰÷ƒr& !#u™u‘ $¬Ηs>sù ∩∉®∪ 7‹ŠÏΨym @≅ôfÏèÎ/ u™!%y` βr& y]Î7s9 $yϑsù ( ÖΝ≈n=y™ tΑ$s% ( $Vϑ≈n=y™ (#θä9$s% 2”uô³ç6ø9$$Î/ tΛ⎧Ïδ≡tö/Î) !$uΖè=ߙ①ôNu™!%y` ô‰s)s9uρÏ™!#u‘uρ ⎯ÏΒρ t,≈ysó™Î*Î/ $yγ≈tΡö¤±t6sù ôMs3ÅsŸÒsù ×πyϑÍ←!$s% …çμè?r&zöΔ$#uρ ∩∠⊃∪ 7Þθä9 ÏΘöθs% 4’n<Î) !$uΖù=Å™ö‘é& !$¯ΡÎ) ô#y‚s? Ÿω (#θä9$s% 4 Zπx‹Åz öΝåκ÷]ÏΒ }§y_÷ρr&uρ öΝèδtÅ6tΡ u
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 51( «!$# ÌøΒr& ô⎯ÏΒ ⎦⎫Î7yf÷è?r& (#þθä9$s% ∩∠⊄∪ Ò=‹Éfã í™ó©y´s9 #x‹≈yδ χÎ) ( $¸‚ø‹x© ’Í?÷è/ #x‹≈yδuρ ×—θàftã O$tΡr&uρ à$Î!r&u™ #©tLn=÷ƒuθ≈tƒ ôMs9$s% ∩∠⊇∪ z>θà)÷ètƒ t,≈ysó™Î) t s t t ∩∠⊂∪ Ó‰‹Åg¤Χ Ó‰ŠÏΗxq …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 ÏMøt7ø9$# Ÿ≅÷δr& ö/ä3ø‹n=tæ …çμçF≈x.tt/uρ «!$# àMuΗ÷qu‘ And our messengers came unto Ibrahim with good news. They said, “Peace!” He answered “Peace!” and delayed not to bring a roasted calf. And when he saw their hands reached not to it, he mistrusted them and conceived a fear of them. They said, “Fear not! Lo! We are sent unto the folk of Lut.” And his wife, standing by, laughed when We gave her good tidings of the birth of Ishaaq and after Ishaaq, of Yaqoob . She said, “Oh, woe is me! Shall I bear a child when I am an old woman, and this my husband is an old man? Lo! This is an astonishing thing!” They said, “Do you wonder at the commandment of Allah? The mercy Of Allah and His Blessings be upon you, O people of the house! Lo! He is the Owner of Praise, Owner of the Glory!” (Quran: 11/69-73) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) holds a very prominent and distinguished rank among theappointed Prophets. He is a dearly revered Prophet of Islam. All the prayers of the Muslimsinclude salutations to Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his family.çνθãè7¨?$# t⎦⎪Ï%©#s9 ΝŠÏδ≡tö/Î*Î/ Ĩ$¨Ψ9$# ’n<÷ρr& χÎ) ∩∉∠∪ t⎦⎫Ï.Îô³ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ tβ%x. $tΒuρ $VϑÎ=ó¡•Β $Z‹ÏΖym šχ%x. ⎯Å3≈s9uρ $|‹ÏΡ#uóÇnΣ Ÿωuρ $wƒÏŠθåκu‰ ãΝŠÏδ≡tö/Î) tβ%x. $tΒ t z ∩∉∇∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# ’Í<uρ ª!$#uρ 3 (#θãΖtΒ#u™ š⎥⎪Ï%©!$#ρ ©É<¨Ζ9$# #x‹≈yδuρ u Ibrahim was not a Jew, nor yet a Christian; but he was an upright man who had surrendered to Allah, and he was not an idolater. Lo! Those of mankind who have the best claim to Ibrahim are those who followed him, and this Prophet (Muhammad) and those who believe with him; and Allah is the Protecting Friend of the believers. (Quran: 3/67-68)çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™ρ ∩⊇⊄⊇∪ 8Λ⎧É)tGó¡•Β :Þ≡uÅÀ 4’n<Î) çμ1y‰yδρ çμ9u;tGô_$# 4 ÏμÏϑãè÷ΡX{ #Å2$x© ∩⊇⊄⊃∪ t⎦⎫Ï.Îô³ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ à7tƒ óΟs9uρ $ZŠÏΖm °! $FÏΡ$s% Zπ¨Βé& šχ%x. zΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) ¨βÎ) u u y ∩⊇⊄⊂∪ t⎦⎫Å2Îô³ßϑø9$# ⎯ÏΒ tβ%x. $tΒuρ ( $Z‹ÏΖym ΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) s©#ÏΒ ôìÎ7¨?$# Èβr& y7ø‹s9Î) !$uΖøŠym÷ρr& §ΝèO ∩⊇⊄⊄∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎ=≈¢Á9$# z⎯Ïϑs9 ÍοtÅzFψ$# ’Îû …çμ¯ΡÎ)uρ ( ZπuΖ|¡ym $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# ’Îû z z Lo! Ibrahim was a nation obedient to Allah, by nature upright, and he was not of the idolaters. Thankful for His bounties; He chose him and He guided him unto a straight path. And We gave him good in the world, and in the Hereafter he is among the righteous. And afterward We inspired you, Muhammad, Saying: “Follow the religion of Ibrahim, as one by nature upright. He was not of the idolaters.” (Quran: 16/120-123) Prophet Ibrahim (AS) is called the Friend of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) RewardedProphet Ibrahim (AS) and Told him that all the future appointed Prophets and messengers wouldbe raised from his progeny.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 52PROPHET ISMAIL (ISHMAEL) AS A few months after the birth of Prophet Ismail (AS), when he was still nursing and notyet weaned, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) instructed Hagar to prepare for a long journey into the desert.For many days and weeks they traveled and passed through various plantations, deserts andmountains. They arrived at a barren desert land that had no water, trees, or signs of life. AfterHagar and Prophet Ismail (AS) had dismounted, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) gave them enough foodfor two days, turned around, and departed. Hagar ran towards him and asked, “Where are you going, Ibrahim, leaving us in thisbarren valley?” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) did not respond but continued walking away. Hagar repeated herquestion twice without any response from him. Hagar asked, “Did Allah Command you to do so?” Prophet Ibrahim replied, “Yes.” Contented with this reply, Hagar commented, “We are not going to be lost, since Allah,Who has Commanded you, is with us.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) invoked Allah (SWT):öΝÍκös9Î) ü“ÈθöκsE Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# š∅ÏiΒ Zο‰Ï↔øùr& ö≅yèô_$$sù nο4θn=¢Á9$# (#θßϑ‹É)ã‹Ï9 $uΖ−/u‘ ÇΠ§ysßϑø9$# y7ÏF÷t/ y‰ΨÏã ?íö‘y— “ÏŒ Îöxî >Š#uθÎ/ ©ÉL−ƒÍh‘èŒ ⎯ÏΒ àMΖs3ó™r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) !$uΖ−/§‘ yÏ™!$yϑ¡¡9$# ’Îû Ÿωuρ ÇÚö‘{$# ’Îû &™ó©x« ⎯ÏΒ «!$# ’n?tã 4‘xøƒs† $tΒuρ 3 ß⎯Î=÷èçΡ $tΒuρ ’Å∀øƒéΥ $tΒ ÞΟn=÷ès? y7¨ΡÎ) !$oΨ−/u‘ ∩⊂∠∪ tβρãä3ô±o„ óΟßγ¯=yès9 ÏN≡tyϑ¨W9$# z⎯ÏiΒ Νßγø%ã—ö‘$#uρ F ∩⊂∇∪ “Our Lord! Lo! I have settled some of my posterity in an uncultivable valley near unto Your Holy House, our Lord! That they may establish proper worship; so incline some hearts of men that they may yearn towards them, and provide You them with fruits in order that they be thankful. Our Lord! Lo! You know that which we hide and that which we proclaim. Nothing in the earth or in the heaven is hidden from Allah.” (Quran: 14/37-38) Hagar placed Prophet Ismail (AS) in her lap and suckled him, while quenching her ownthirst with the little water left with her. Eventually, the water finished. The desert heat increasedher thirst and that of Prophet Ismail (AS). Her milk had also dried up due to the lack of liquidintake. The agony of looking at her crying son, who was kicking his feet in despair, made herlook around for a sign of oasis or help. She was in a valley between two hills. She climbed thehill named As-Safa. When she reached the top and looked around, she could see no sign of life orrelief. She ran down towards the spot in the valley where Prophet Ismail (AS) was lying andcrying. Her desperation increased, she tucked up her robe and ran towards the other hill known asAl-Murwaa. Again, upon reaching the top she did not find any sign of life or relief. She camedown to Prophet Ismail (AS) who continued to cry and kick the sand where his feet touched. Sheran and climbed As-Safa again. She repeated the climbings of As-Safa and Al-Murwaa and ran between them in thevalley seven times. Upon reaching Al-Murwaa on the seventh time she thought she heard a voice. She wasgasping aloud and tried to calm herself; she thought that she had imagined it when she heard thevoice again. This time it was clear but she was unsure of its source. She mumbled, “O, I think Iam hearing someone. Have you got something to help me?”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 53 She saw an angel standing nearby, on a spot later called Zam-Zam. The angel dug theground and water sprung up. Hagar made a basin around the fountain to gather water, and filledup her water container. As she was quenching her thirst, she was also suckling Prophet Ismail(AS). The angel assured her, “Don’t be afraid and don’t think of being left neglected. This is theplace where the House of Allah will be built by this boy and his father. Allah never neglects Hispeople.” In some legends it is said that the fountains of Zam-Zam sprang from the spot whereProphet Ismail (AS) was kicking and rubbing the ground, while he was crying due to thirst. AndAllah (SWT), in His Mercy, released it! The spot where this miracle took place is near the House of Allah, The Kabah, inMakkah. The fountains of the Zam-Zam continue to spurt water to this day and will not dry tillthe end of the world, Inshallah. Those desperate actions, of Hagar, when she was desperately climbing the hills of As-Safa and Al-Murwaa and running in between the valley have been decreed a mandatory part of the rituals of Hajj andUmra in Islam. Hajj is performed once annually during the mandated days. Umra can be performed at any time ofthe day or night as well during any period of the year. Both these Prayers are a requisite, in Islam, but shouldonly be performed by those who can afford it and are physically able to do so. Millions of the Muslims from all the nations of the world have been performing these prayers eversince. Some members of a hunting party from the nomadic tribe of Jurhum had wandered astraywhile hunting in the desert. They observed a species of bird that always stays in the closeproximity to water. These people knew that there was no water in the valley. They decided tosend scouts to determine the landing spot of the bird. The scouts, who had followed the bird,returned and informed them about the presence of water. All of them came to the place whereHagar was sitting near the water. Their leader asked Hagar if she was willing to permit them andtheir families to live near the water. Hagar willingly gave them permission to settle there. It was stipulated that the inhabitantsof the valley did not have any rights to control the access to water. It was mandated that thewater should be made freely available to everyone who came to its source. Their families joinedthem and permanently settled there. Hagar died while Prophet Ismail (AS) was still in his childhood. The tribesmen adoptedhim and the community raised him. He was loved and admired by everyone. Prophet Ibrahim(AS) used to visit him at intervals as determined by Allah (SWT). During one of those visits Prophet Ibrahim (AS) told Prophet Ismail (AS) that he hadrecently had a very strange and a consistent vision. He explained that Allah (SWT) hadDemanded the Best Sacrifice that he could offer! Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had offered the sacrificeof the best ram from his flock. The vision appeared again. He offered the sacrifice of his bestcamel. Again the vision reappeared. He prepared the best meals and fed a large number of poorpeople of the community. The vision reappeared again, only this time, he saw that he wasslaughtering Prophet Ismail (AS) as the sacrificial object! Prophet Ismail (AS) told his father, “O Father! Do what Allah has Ordered you to do.You will find me unwavering and patient.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) loved Prophet Ismail (AS) very dearly; he was his only child at thattime. But Allah’s (SWT) prayers and devotion demanded that he follow through with his visionand offer the sacrifice of Prophet Ismail (AS).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 54 Prophet Ibrahim (AS) led his son to a stone altar. There he laid his son on the altar, butfound it difficult for him to cut the jugular at his neck. Prophet Ismail (AS) told his father tocover the eyes of both of them with blindfolds. The blindfolds would prevent any faltering byeither of them; if, per chance, their eyes met and the love for each crept in. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) followed through with the suggestions of his son and offered thesacrifice. With a heavy heart he removed his blindfold and was very pleasantly surprised to seethat a slaughtered lamb was lying on the altar. His son, Prophet Ismail (AS), was standing nearbyunharmed. Both of them went into prostration and prayed to Allah (SWT) as a thankful gesture. ∩⊇⊃∇∪ t⎦⎪ÌÅzFψ$# ’Îû Ïμø‹n=tã $oΨø.ts?uρ ∩⊇⊃∠∪ 5ΟŠÏàã ?xö/É‹Î/ çμ≈oΨ÷ƒy‰sùuρ ∩⊇⊃∉∪ ß⎦⎫Î7ßϑø9$# (#àσ¯≈n=t7ø9$# uθçλm; #x‹≈yδ χÎ) t Lo! That surely was a clear test. Then We ransomed him with a momentous Sacrifice. And We left this blessing for him among generations to come in later times. “ (Quran: 37/106-108) Muslims are celebrating this offering of the sacrifice by Prophet Ibrahim (AS) everyyear as a completion of the Hajj ceremonies. Those Muslims who are not present at the Hajj in Makkah offer the same sacrificewherever they live all around the world. When Prophet Ismail reached puberty, he was married to a woman from the tribe whohad adopted and raised him. Once Prophet Ibrahim (AS) came to visit them but found thatProphet Ismail (AS) was not at home. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) asked the wife of Prophet Ismail(AS) about his whereabouts. She replied, “He has gone to search for our livelihood.” The he asked her about the condition of their livelihood and the means of theirsubsistence. She complained, “We are living in misery; we are living in hardship and destitution.” He said, “When your husband returns, convey my salutations to him and tell him tochange the threshold of the door of his house.” Later that day when Prophet Ismail (AS) returned to his house, he had a strangesensation; about a visitor . He asked his wife, “Has anyone visited you?” She was affirmative and described the physical description of the visitor and theconversation that took place. She conveyed the message for him. Prophet Ismail (AS) told her, “It was my father, and he has ordered me to divorce you.Go back to your family.” After having divorced his wife, Prophet Ismail (AS) remarried within the same tribe. Once again Prophet Ibrahim (AS) came to visit Prophet Ismail (AS). Prophet Ismail wasnot present. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) asked his second wife the same questions that he had askedhis first wife. However, the second wife’s reply was, “We are prosperous and well-off. And weare thankful to Allah.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) asked, “What kind of food do you eat and what do you drink?” She replied, “We eat meat and we drink water.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) told her, “When your husband comes, give my salutations andregards. And tell him that he should keep firm the threshold of the door to his house.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) then prayed to Allah (SWT), “O Allah! Bless their meat andwater.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 55 When Prophet Ismail (AS) returned home that day, again he had that strange sensation ofhis father having visited his house. His wife confirmed the visit and conveyed the message thathad been given to her. Prophet Ismail (AS) told her, “That was my father. He has found you to be a righteousperson and has ordered me look after you.” A little later, once Prophet Ismail (AS) was sitting near Zam-Zam when Prophet Ibrahim(AS) approached him. Prophet Ismail (AS) was very pleased to see Prophet Ibrahim (AS).Prophet Ismail (AS) stood up and greeted with him with respect. They exchanged salutations andprayers for each other. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) told him, “O’ Ismail! Allah has given me an Order.” Prophet Ismail (AS) replied, “Do what Allah has Ordered. If it concerns me, I amwilling.” Prophet Ibrahim (AS) advised him, “Allah has ordered the construction of His House onthat hillock.” Both of them started the building of the House, the Kabah. Prophet Ismail (AS) carriedthe stones while Prophet Ibrahim (AS) built the walls. When the walls had risen to higher levels,Prophet Ismail (AS) used to kneel down and had his father climb on him to place the stones atthose high levels. At all times both of them prayed to Allah (SWT): ∩⊇⊄∠∪ ÞΟŠÎ=yèø9$# ßìŠÏϑ¡¡9$# |MΡr& y7¨ΡÎ) ( !$¨ΨÏΒ ö≅¬7s)s? $uΖ−/u‘ ã≅ŠÏè≈yϑó™Î)uρ ÏMøt7ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ y‰Ïã#uθs)ø9$# ÞΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) ßìsùötƒ øŒÎ)uρ And when Ibrahim and Ismail were raising the foundations of the House, praying: “Our Lord! Accept from us this duty. Lo! You, only You are the Hearer, the Knower.” (Quran: 2/127) After the completion of the Kabah, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) left Prophet Ismail (AS) to lookafter the House of Allah and to continue conveying the messages of Allah (SWT) to those whowere living there and to those who visited them.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 56PROPHET LUT (LOT) AS: Prophet Lut (AS) was a nephew and a follower of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). When they werepassing through Palestine, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) instructed Prophet Lut (AS) to go to the city ofSadum (Sodom), on the western shore of the Dead Sea and preach there. The inhabitants ofSodom were among the most wicked people who had ever lived there. They were full of evil andwould ambush and kill the travelers; they would not hesitate to rob each other. The weaklingswere stomped upon by the strong. The rich enslaved the poor. Lawless anarchy was the rule ofthe day. The majorities of the people of that nation were homosexuals and practiced the anal sexopenly. (The term “sodomy” and its linked terms have been derived from there). Prophet Lut (AS) had been sent there to preach and make the people of Sodom give uptheir unnatural and indecent practices. The majority ignored his messages and sermons, listenedby a few amongst them. This majority did not like him and threatened to drive him out of the cityif he continued with his preaching. Prophet Lut (AS) did not give up his mission although he found it very hard to convincethe people that their practices were immoral and unnatural. He would remind them that Allah(SWT) had provided them wives who were their natural partners and would offer them thegreater satisfaction for their sexual needs. The people refused to accept these messages andarrogantly claimed that their practices of homosexuality were permissible by the nature of theact; moreover, it was the act of their preference. They were merely exercising their free will andthe right to choose.!$tΒρ ∩⊇∉⊂∪ Èβθãè‹ÏÛr&uρ ©!$# (#θà)¨?$$sù ∩⊇∉⊄∪ ×⎦⎫ÏΒ& îΑθß™u‘ öΝä3s9 ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩⊇∉⊇∪ tβθà)−Gs? Ÿωr& îÞθä9 öΝèδθäzr& öΝçλm; tΑ$s% øŒÎ) ∩⊇∉⊃∪ t⎦⎫Î=y™ößϑø9$# >Þθä9 ãΠöθs% ôMt/¤‹x. u rô⎯ÏiΒ Νä3š/u‘ ö/ä39 ,n=y{ $tΒ βρâ‘‹s?uρ ∩⊇∉∈∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# z⎯ÏΒ tβ#tø.—%!$# tβθè?ùs?r& ∩⊇∉⊆∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# Éb>u‘ 4’n?tã ωÎ) y“Ìô_r& ÷βÎ) ( @ô_r& ô⎯ÏΒ Ïμø‹n=tã öΝä3è=t↔™r& s t t x ó ∩⊇∉∠∪ t⎦⎫Å_t÷‚ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ¨⎦sðθä3tGs9 äÞθè=≈tƒ ÏμtF⊥s? óΟ©9 ⎦È⌡s9 (#θä9$s% ∩⊇∉∉∪ šχρߊ%tæ îΠöθs% öΝçFΡr& ö≅t/ 4 Νä3Å_≡uρø—& r The folk of Lut denied the messengers of Allah. When their brother Lut said to them, “Will you not ward off evil? Lo! I am a faithful messenger to you. So keep your duty to Allah and obey me. And I ask no wages from you. My wage is the concern only of the Lord of the Worlds. Why! Unlike the other creatures you come into the males, and ignore your wives, which your Lord has created for you as partners. You are forward folks. ” The people said, “If you do not stop, O Lut, you will soon be amongst those expelled” (Quran: 26/160-167) Prophet Lut (AS) was disappointed by the behavior of his people. These evil practiceshad spread throughout the land. His message and preaching were having no effect. No onewanted to believe in him except his family members, with the exception of his wife, who hadjoined the ranks of the unbelievers. Prophet Lut (AS) was agonized by his surroundings and whatwas happening around him. He was tormented and restless when he was outside his house andhad no solace when he returned home. Yet, he remained patient and steadfast towards Allah(SWT) and in his mission, which had turned into a failure. Moreover his warnings, about thewrath of Allah (SWT), upon the immoral nation were being mocked at, and the unbelievers wereteasing him.É>#x‹èÎ/ $oΨÏKø$# (#θä9$s% βr& HωÎ) ÿ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% šU#uθ_ šχ%x. $yϑsù ( tx6Ζßϑø9$# ãΝä3ƒÏŠ$tΡ ’Îû šχθè?ùs?uρ Ÿ≅‹Î6¡¡9$# tβθãèsÜø)s?uρ tΑ%y`Ìh9$# šχθè?ùtFs9 öΝä3§ΨÎ←r& y y ∩⊄®∪ t⎦⎫Ï%ω≈¢Á9$# z⎯ÏΒ |MΖà2 βÎ) «!$#
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 57 For come you not into males, and cut you not the road for travelers and commit you not abomination in your meetings? But the answer of his folk was only that they said: Bring Allah’s Torment upon us if you are one of the truthful. (Quran: 29/29) Overwhelmed with despair, Prophet Lut (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT): ∩⊇∉®∪ tβθè=ϑ÷ètƒ $£ϑÏΒ ’Í?÷δr&uρ ©Í_ÅngwΥ Éb>u‘ y My Lord! Save my household and me from what the people of this nation do. (Quran: 26/169) Allah (SWT) Heard the prayers of distress and the calls for assistance from Prophet Lut(AS). Three angels, who were visiting, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had been sent: • to convey the glad tidings of the birth of Prophet Ishaaq (AS), and • to help save Prophet Lut (AS) and his family from the punishment of Allah (SWT) that had been predetermined for the people of that area. When the three angels reached the outer walls of the town, a daughter of Prophet Lut(AS) saw them approaching and knew that they were complete strangers by the nature of theirdress and the manner in which they walked. Their youthful and beautiful faces stunned her. Toher utter amazement and pleasure, one of them addressed her, “O maiden! Do you know of anyplace where we can rest?” The girl was aware of the indecent nature of the town’s people. Shewanted to save these three from being humiliated. She asked them to wait there while she fetchedher father who would assist them. She ran to her father and told him, “Oh Father! You need to help the youngsters waitingat the town entrance. I have never seen such masculine beauty like theirs, ever before!” Prophet Lut (AS) immediately responded and met the strangers. He asked them aboutthemselves but they refused to offer any clues except they kept asking him if he was able to offerthem shelter. Prophet Lut (AS), in all honesty, told the strangers about the evil natures of thetownspeople and advised them to avoid spending the night there for their own safety. While hewanted to host them and treat the wayfarers appropriately as per his nature, he was very reluctantand fearful for the dire consequences if the strangers were discovered by the evil townspeople.He knew that the townspeople would molest them. The strangers were adamant and insisted on staying there. Very reluctantly, Prophet Lut(AS) took them to his house and requested that they stay out of the sight of the other people. Hisfamily members were very pleased and were all supportive towards their guests; except ProphetLut’s (AS) wife, who at the first available opportunity slipped out of the house and spread thenews about the handsome and youthful strangers in their home. The news spread like wildfire and the fanatics gathered near the gatehouse of Prophet Lut(AS). It was now apparent to him that his wife had spread the news about his guests.ωÎ) ∩∈®∪ š⎥⎫Ïèϑô_r& öΝèδθ’foΨßϑ9 $¯ΡÎ) >Þθä9 tΑ#u™ HωÎ) ∩∈∇∪ š⎥⎫ÏΒÍ÷g’Χ 7Θöθs% 4’n<Î) !$oΨù=Å™ö‘é& !$¯ΡÎ) (#þθä9$s% ∩∈∠∪ tβθè=y™ößϑø9$# $pκš‰r& öΝä3ç6ôÜz $yϑù tΑ$s% y s y s(#θçΡ%x. $yϑÎ/ 7≈oΨ÷∞Å_ ö≅t/ (#θä9$s% ∩∉⊄∪ βρãx6Ζ•Β ×Πöθs% öΝä3¯ΡÎ) tΑ$s% ∩∉⊇∪ tβθè=y™ößϑø9$# >Þθä9 tΑ#u™ u™!%y` $£ϑn=sù ∩∉⊃∪ š⎥⎪ÎÉ9≈tóø9$# z⎯Ïϑs9 $pκ¨ΞÎ)   !$tΡö‘£‰s% …çμs?r&øΒ$# y t tÓ‰nr& óΟä3ΖÏΒ ôMÏtGù=tƒ Ÿωρ öΝèδ≈t/÷Šr& ôìÎ7¨?$#uρ È≅ø‹©9$# z⎯ÏiΒ 8ìôÜÉ)Î/ y7Ï=÷δrÎ/ Îó rsù ∩∉⊆∪ šχθè%ω≈|Ás9 $¯ΡÎ)uρ Èd,ysø9$$Î/ y7≈oΨ÷s?r&uρ ∩∉⊂∪ šχρçtIôϑtƒ ÏμŠÏù t u t∩∉∠∪ tβρçųö;tGó¡o„ ÏπΨƒÏ‰ϑø9$# ã≅÷δ& u™!%`uρ ∩∉∉∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎ6óÁ•Β ×íθäÜø)tΒ Ï™Iωàσ¯≈yδ tÎ/#yŠ χr& tøΒF{$# y7Ï9≡sŒ Ïμø‹s9Î) !$oΨø‹ŸÒs%uρ ∩∉∈∪ tβρãtΒ÷σè? ß]ø‹ym (#θàÒøΒ$#uρ o y r y
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 58βÎ) þ’ÎA$uΖt/ Ï™Iωàσ¯≈δ tΑ$s% ∩∠⊃∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# Ç⎯tã y7yγ÷ΨtΡ öΝ9uρr& (#þθä9$s% ∩∉®∪ Èβρâ“øƒéB Ÿωuρ ©!$# (#θà)¨?$#uρ ∩∉∇∪ ÈβθßsŸÒøs? Ÿξsù ’Å∀øŠ|Ê Ï™Iωàσ¯≈yδ ¨βÎ) tΑ$s% y sZοu‘$y∨Ïm öΝÍκön=tã $tΡösÜøΒr&uρ $yγn=Ïù$y™ $pκuÎ=≈tã $oΨù=èyfsù ∩∠⊂∪ t⎦⎫Ï%Îô³ãΒ èπysøŠ¢Á9$# ãΝåκøE‹{rsù ∩∠⊄∪ tβθßγyϑ÷ètƒ öΝÍκÌEtõ3y™ ’Å∀s9 öΝåκ¨ΞÎ) x8ãôϑyès9 ∩∠⊇∪ t⎦,Î#Ïè≈sù óΟçFΖä. y x s ∩∠∈∪ t⎦⎫Ïÿ¿dœuθtGçΗø>Ïj9 ;M≈tƒUψ y7Ï9≡sŒ ’Îû ¨βÎ) ∩∠⊆∪ @≅ŠÉdfÅ™ ⎯ÏiΒ He Ibrahim said, “ And afterwards what is your business, Oh you! Messengers of Allah?” They said, “We have been sent towards the people who are all criminal folks except the family of Lut. We will save all of them except his wife”. We had decreed that she should be amongst those who stay behind. And when the messengers came amongst the family of Lut. He said, “Lo! You are unknown folk for me”. They said, “But we bring you that which the unbelievers dispute; and bring for you the Truth, and lo! We are the truth tellers. So travel with your household with in the night, behind each other. Let none of you turn around, but go towards where you are commanded” And We made it plain to him, that the roots of those who did wrong was to be cuts at early morning. And the people of the city came, pleased at the news of new arrivals, He said, “Lo! They are my guests. Affront me not! And keep your duty to Allah, and shame me not!” They said, “Have we not forbidden you from entertaining anyone?” He said, “Here are my daughters, if you must have the urge.” By your life, O Muhammad, they moved blindly in the frenzy of approaching Death. Then the awful Cry overtook at the sunrise. And We utterly confounded them, and We rained upon them stones of heated clay. Lo! Therein verily are portents for those who read the Signs. (Quran: 15/57-75) When the mob started ramming his doors, Prophet Lut (AS) pleaded with them to seektheir sexual pleasures from their wives instead of sodomizing his guests. The mob, overchargedwith their passion and frenzy, broke down the door and entered the courtyard. Prophet Lut (AS)was visibly angry with their behavior. He was helpless and agonized by the tyranny and theassaults that could be inflicted on his guests. He raised his hands towards the heavens and prayed aloud for the strength to push thecrowd out of his house. The guests noticed all that was taking place and heard the pleas of very helpless ProphetLut (AS); they approached him and assured him, “Oh Lut! Do not be frightened or fearful ofthese people. We are the angels of Allah who have come to help you against these insolentpeople. They cannot harm you anymore!” The angels instilled the fear among the mob, which dispersed immediately and left thehouse of Prophet Lut. The angels instructed Prophet Lut (AS) to leave the town before sunriseand to take all his family with him except his wife. After Prophet Lut (AS) and his family were far from town, an earthquake rocked thetown and a storm of stones rained upon the city. Everyone and everything was destroyedincluding the wife of Prophet Lut (AS).’Îû ¨βÎ) ∩⊇∠⊂∪ t⎦⎪Í‘x‹Ζßϑø9$# ãsÜtΒ u™!$|¡sù ( #sÜ¨Β ΛÏιø‹n=tæ $tΡösÜøΒr&uρ ∩⊇∠⊄∪ t⎦⎪ÌyzFψ$# $tΡö¨ΒyŠ §ΝèO ∩⊇∠⊇∪ t⎦⎪ÎÉ9≈tóø9$# ’Îû #Y—θègx” ωÎ) ∩⊇∠⊃∪ t⎦⎫ÏèuΗødr& ÿ…ã&#÷δr&uρ çμ≈uΖø‹¤fuΖsù s ∩⊇∠∈∪ ÞΟ‹Ïm§9$# Ⓝ͖yêø9$# uθçλm; y7−/u‘ ¨βÎ)uρ ∩⊇∠⊆∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΛèεãsVø.r& tβ%x. $tΒuρ ( ZπtƒUψ y7Ï9≡sŒ So We saved him and his household, everyone, except an old woman who was left behind. Then afterwards We destroyed the others. And We rained on them a rain. And dreadful is the rain of those who have been warned. Lo! Herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers. And Lo! Your Lord, He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful. (Quran: 26/170-175)$uΚåκ]tã $uŠÏΖøóムóΟ=sù $yϑèδ$tFtΡ$y⇐sù È⎦÷⎫ysÎ=≈|¹ $tΡÏŠ$t7Ïã ô⎯ÏΒ È⎦ø⎪y‰ö6tã |MøtrB $tFtΡ%Ÿ2 ( 7Þθä9 |Nr&øΒ$#uρ 8yθçΡ |Nr&tøΒ$# (#ρãxx. š⎥⎪Ï%©#Ïj9 WξsVtΒ ª!$# šUuŸÑ ÷ n t ∩⊇⊃∪ t⎦,Î#Åz≡£‰9$# ìtΒ u‘$¨Ζ9$# Ÿξäz÷Š$# Ÿ≅‹Ï%uρ $↔øŠx© «!$# š∅ÏΒ y
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 59Allah sets forth, for an example to the Unbelievers, the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut: theywere under two of Our righteous Servants, but they were false to their husbands, and theyprofited nothing from Allah on their account, but were told, “You enter the Fire along withthe others that enter!” (Quran: 66/10)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 60PROPHET ISHAAQ (ISAAC) (AS) Prophet Ishaaq (AS) has been praised in Holy Quran for being chosen to convey Allah’smessage (SWT) to tribes in nearby nations. The earlier books give more detail about his life. Hespent his early life in close proximity of his father, Prophet Ibrahim (AS), and sometimes hishalf-brother, Prophet Ismail (AS). His early learning included all the essential lessons about thenecessities of prayer, the practices of Islamic monotheism, and the total rejection of idolworshipping or associating partners with Allah (SWT). He was trained and guided by both hisfather, Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his half-brother, Prophet Ismail (AS). His mother, Sarah,strongly objected to his associations with his half-brother. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) wanted Prophet Ishaaq (AS) to marry, but not to a woman withinhis tribe of Canaanites; as most Canaanites were pagans who chose to remain pagan even thoughProphet Ibrahim (AS) preached the importance of abandoning idolatry. Prophet Ibrahim (AS)assigned his trustworthy servants search for a suitable match among the inhabitants of the tribesof Haran in Iraq. These servant-explorers found a compatible bride named Rebecca. Rebecca was thedaughter of Bethuel. Bethuel, son of Nahor, was a nephew of Prophet Ibrahim. Prophet Ishaaq(AS) married Rebecca. She gave birth to twins, Al-Eis (Esau) and Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob)(AS)*.Jacob means “of Israel” or belonging to the people of Israel.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 61PROPHET YAQOOB (JACOB) (AS) According to the Old Books, when Prophet Ishaaq (AS) was growing old he was almostblind. This disability had restricted his physical activity. He had become used to sitting andpraying in this tent as an immobile person. His sons took care of him and provided for all hisneeds. Once he asked his son Al-Eis to go out and hunt an animal for him as he had strongcraving to eat some game meat cooked to his preference. Al-Eis was always anxious to please hisfather. He asked his father to bless the food and to pray for his success in fulfilling his wishes.Rebecca overheard this conversation. She wanted Prophet Yaqoob (AS) to be the one whoshould provide the meal desired by Prophet Ishaaq (AS). She told Prophet Yaqoob (AS) toslaughter two of the best goats from his flock and cook them in the style his father liked. All thisshould be done before the return of Al-Eis. Rebecca dressed Prophet Yaqoob (AS) in Al-Eis’ clothes and put goatskin coverings onhis arms and neck. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was not as hairy as was Al-Eis! When Prophet Yaqoob(AS) approached his father, carrying the food. Prophet Ishaaq (AS) asked, “Who are you?” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) replied, “I am your son and have brought you the food youdesired.” After Prophet Ishaaq (AS) finished his meal, he prayed to Allah (SWT) that his son beraised in status and prevail over other people. He asked Allah (SWT) to bless this son and hischildren and to increase their sustenance. Later, when Al-Eis brought the food and set it in near his father, Prophet Ishaaq (AS)asked him what it was that he had brought. Al-Eis answered, “This is the food that you asked.” Prophet Ishaaq (AS) questioned, “Didn’t you bring it earlier?” Al-Eis replied, “No, I did not.” Al-Eis figured out what had taken place in his father’stent. Al-Eis felt cheated and deprived of his father’s blessings. He developed an intense hatredand jealousy for Prophet Yaqoob (AS). Al-Eis knew that his twin brother was their mother’sfavorite. Al-Eis resented that treatment. He knew that his mother had maneuvered Prophet Ishaaq(AS) to favor Prophet Yaqoob (AS). Moreover, the torch of the prophet hood was being grantedto Prophet Yaqoob (AS). In a fit of anger, Al-Eis threatened to kill Prophet Yaqoob (AS). When Rebecca learned about this threat on the life of Prophet Yaqoob (AS), sheimmediately sent him to the house of her brother, Laban, in the land of Haran where ProphetYaqoob (AS) was to stay until Al-Eis’s anger subsided. She asked her husband, Prophet Ishaaq(AS) to bless and advise Prophet Yaqoob (AS) and to pray to Allah (SWT) for his safety.Prophet Yaqoob (AS) departed on his journey towards the land of his maternal uncle, Laban. Onthe second night after he left home, he rested for the night in an elevated spot. During that night,he had a dream of a ladder rising to the heavens above with the angels moving to and fro. Heheard the voice of Allah (SWT), “We Will Bless you and your off springs. We Will Make this land prosperous for you and for those who follow you.” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was pleased at what he dreamed and heard. He considered it a verypleasant omen. He prostrated and vowed to Allah (SWT) that if he returned safely to his family,he would build a temple for Allah (SWT) on that spot and donate ten percent of all hisbelongings as a charity for Allah (SWT). He marked the stone, which he had used as a pillow,and called the place, “Ayle’s House”-Bethel: which means, “House of Allah.” It is the same spotwhere Jerusalem was built!
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 62 When Prophet Yaqoob (AS) arrived at his maternal uncle’s house, Laban, his uncle,welcomed him. Laban had two daughters: Lia (Leah) was the elder and was partially blind, andRahil (Rachel) was the younger. Rahil was the prettier of the sisters and Prophet Yaqoob (AS)asked his uncle if he could marry her. Laban, the uncle, told Prophet Yaqoob (AS) to work as ashepherd for him for seven years in exchange for the payment for his marriage. Upon completionof the contracted time, Laban prepared a feast at night and invited his community for thewedding. As was the custom, the bride departed in a procession that delivered her at night in thebridal chamber at the house of Prophet Yaqoob (AS). When Prophet Yaqoob (AS) looked at thebride, it was Leah. He was shocked that he had been cheated. He immediately met andcomplained to his uncle, “You have deceived me; I was engaged to Rahil. You have married meto Leah!” His uncle replied, “It is not our tradition to marry the younger daughter ahead of theunmarried elder daughter. However, if you love Rahil, work for another seven years. I will marryyou to both of them.” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) worked for seven more years and was then marriedto Rahil.* Laban gave each daughter a female slave. Leah’s slave was named Zilpah and Rahil’sslave was called Bilha. *It was an acceptable practice at that time for a person to marry two sisters. So it is stated in Torah. Allah (SWT), in His Mercy, showered His blessings upon Leah, who gave birth to sons.The first was Robel (Reuben), followed by Shamun (Simeon), Lawi (Levi), and Yahudh (Judah).Rahil was unable to conceive and became jealous of the status that Leah was gaining because ofher fertility and the male children she delivered. Rahil gave her slave Bilha to her husband tosire. A son, Naphtali, was born to Bilha. Now Leah got jealous and gave her slave, Zilpah, to herhusband. Zilpah had two sons, Gad and Asher, fathered by Prophet Yaqoob (AS). Meanwhile,Leah gave birth to two more sons, Issachar and Zebulon. Later, Leah gave birth to a daughternamed Dinah. Thus, Leah had seven sons and a daughter from Prophet Yaqoob (AS). Rahil prayed to Allah (SWT). She begged for a son from Prophet Yaqoob (AS). Allah(SWT) Heard her pleas and Responded. She gave birth to a son whom she named Yusuf(Joseph). All this happened while Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was serving his uncle, Laban, as ashepherd. He had served his uncle for about twenty-two years. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) asked hisuncle to grant him a leave of absence to enable him to visit his parents. His uncle, Laban,although a mean person, told Prophet Yaqoob (AS) that he had been very pleased with hisservices. He said, “I have been blessed because of you; ask for whatever money you need.” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) replied, “Give me every spotted and speckled goat and every blacklamb born this year.” Laban, true to his mean nature, instructed his sons to separate from the stock all thatmatched the requirements of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) and take them away from the area. Laban toldProphet Yaqoob (AS) that his requirements could not be met, as there were none in his stock thatmatched the desired description. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) knew that Laban was manipulating and wanted to deprive him ofwhat had been promised to him as fair wages. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) collected some branches ofpoplars and almonds, peeled streaks in them, and cast them into the water troughs being used bythe goats. When the goats drank the water from the trough; the baby goats in their bellies wereterrified and were born striped, spotted, and speckled. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) repeated the samewith the sheep whose baby-sheep were born immediately, and with black skins! Laban and his
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 63 Allah (SWT) had Inspired Prophet Yaqoob (AS) to return to the land of his parents. Hetold his family about the command of Allah to leave Haran. All the family agreed to join him inhis move. Before leaving Haran, Rahil took some of the idols, which her father was worshippingas souvenirs, and hid them in her personal belongings. Laban, his sons and some members oftheir community followed the caravan of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) and his family. When they metthe caravan of Prophet Yaqoob (AS), Laban accused him of departing without their knowledge;it was not right because the community had planned to celebrate their departure with festivities,and bid farewells to every member of the departing family. Moreover, Laban wanted to knowwhy they had stolen the idols from him. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) had no knowledge of the idols; hence, he denied ever taking them.Laban, ordered a search of all the tents but found nothing. Rahil had hidden the idols below herseat on the camel. She refused to dismount pretending that she was bleeding due to her mensesand it would embarrass her if she were forced to dismount. Laban gave up the search. However, both Laban and Prophet Yaqoob (AS) sat atop a hill called Galeed and made acovenant: • Prophet Yaqoob (AS) would not treat Laban’s daughters harshly nor marry other women. • Neither Laban nor Prophet Yaqoob (AS) would cross over the Galeed into each other’s territory. They celebrated the covenant by cooking and eating together. Then, they bade farewelland departed towards their own countries. When Prophet Yaqoob (AS) approached the land ofSeir, the angels greeted him. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) sent an advance envoy with greetings to his brother, Al-Eis, askingfor his forgiveness and offering his humble apologies. The messenger returned with greetingsand told him that Al-Eis was riding towards them with four hundred men. This news scaredProphet Yaqoob (AS). Fearing that his brother had not forgiven him, he invoked the help ofAllah (SWT) to Intervene between him and his brother. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) prepared a greatpresent for his brother, which comprised 1. Two hundred female goats and twenty male goats; 2. Two hundred ewes and twenty rams; 3. Thirty milch camels; 4. Forty cows and ten bulls; 5. Twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. He instructed his slaves to group the herds according to their species. All the herds wouldtravel according to the groups. There should be enough gaps between the traveling groups. Hiscaravan, at two nights distance, would follow the groups of the herds between them. As the herdswere traveling ahead, they would be the first to meet Al-Eis and his group. As and when theymeet Al-Eis, they would be questioned, “To whom do you belong? Where are you going?” The herd drivers should respond, “We belong to your servant Yaqoob; these are a presentfor his master Al-Eis. And he is following us.” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) with both of his wives, his children and some of his slaves hadslowed down to give a gap of least two nights between his advance party and himself. Hetraveled by night and rested by day. On the dawn of the second day, an angel, in the shape of aman, came to him. The angel wanted to wrestle with him. They were evenly matched, and tested
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 64each other to their maximum strengths. However, the angel inflicted an injury on the thigh ofProphet Yaqoob (AS) who started limping.*. The angel asked his name. “Yaqoob.” Was thereply. The angel said, “From this moment onwards you will only be called “Israel,” andvanished before Prophet Yaqoob (AS) could ask him about himself. He realized then that it wasan angel.*Because of this injury and the limp, the children of Israel do not eat thigh muscle from the hip socket of any Kosheranimal. Later that morning, Al-Eis arrived at their camp. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) prostrated seventimes to him, as was their prevailing custom. Al-Eis was deeply touched by this expression,quickly dismounted, ran towards him, embraced and kissed him affectionately with tears in hiseyes. The family of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was pleased and touched by what they observed.When Al-Eis noticed their presence, he asked Prophet Yaqoob (AS) about them. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) replied, “They are the blessings showered by Allah upon yourservant!” The wives, their children, and all the slaves approached and prostrated to Al-Eis. ProphetYaqoob (AS) pleaded with his brother to accept his gift of the herds sent in advance. Al-Eisaccepted the same and welcomed the return of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) among his community. Al-Eis departed ahead of them. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) rested at Sahur (Succoth) with his family, flocks and herds. Hebuilt a house for himself and erected shades for the animals before moving onwards. Later, theycamped near the village of Shechem in Jerusalem. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) bought a farm fromShechem, son of Hamor, and paid the price with one hundred goats. He built an altar, and calledit Ayl.* *This altar was built where Jerusalem stands today. Prophet Suleiman (AS) later rebuiltit as the Mosque of Allah. It is the same spot and has the same stone that Prophet Yaqoob (AS)had used as a pillow when he dreamed and received Blessings from Allah (SWT). It is stated in the Old Books that Dinah, daughter of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) and Leah, wasforcibly picked up and raped by Shechem, son of Hamor. Shechem offered to marry her if herfamily would permit it. The sons of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) told him, “If all of you circumcise, we will allow ourdaughters to marry your tribe and will accept your daughters in marriage to ourselves. We do notmarry with uncircumcised people.” The tribe agreed and circumcised. On the third day of the circumcision, when their painwas at its height, Prophet Yaqoob’s (AS) sons entered the village and killed all of them. Alsokilled were Shechem and his father as a punishment for the evil act of the rape. They looted thevillage and took possession of all their money, jewelry and other belongings. They claimed it tobe a justification as the villagers were worshippers of idols. Later, Rahil became pregnant and gave birth to a son, Benjamin. The birth was difficultfor Rahil, who died after the delivery. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) buried her in Afrath (Ephrath) andher tomb is still there. Thus, Prophet Yaqoob (AS) had twelve sons. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) joined his father, Prophet Ishaaq (AS), and settled there, in thevillage of Hebron in the land of Canaan. That is where Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had lived and wasalso buried there. At the age of one hundred and eighty years, Prophet Ishaaq(AS) died and wasburied near the grave of his father, Prophet Ibrahim (AS).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 65 The Holy Quran:ÿ…çμš/u‘ …ã&s! Α$s% øŒÎ) ∩⊇⊂⊃∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎ=≈¢Á9$# ⎯Ïϑs9 ÍοtÅzFψ$# ’Îû …çμ¯ΡÎ)uρ ( $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# ’Îû çμ≈uΖø‹xsÜô¹$# ωs)s9uρ 4 …çμ|¡øtΡ tμÏy™ ⎯tΒ ωÎ) zΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) Ï©#ÏiΒ ⎯tã Ü=xîötƒ ⎯tΒuρ t zΟçFΡr&uρ ωÎ) £⎯è?θßϑ? Ÿξsù ⎦⎪Ïe$!$# ãΝä39 4’s∀Üô¹$# ©!$# ¨βÎ) ¢©Í_t6≈tƒ Ü>θà)÷èƒuρ Ïμ‹Ï⊥t/ ÞΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) !$pκÍ5 4©œ»uρuρ ∩⊇⊂⊇∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# Éb>tÏ9 àMôϑn=ó™r& tΑ$s% ( öΝÎ=ó™r& s t s s tΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) 7Í←!$t/#u™ tμ≈s9)uρ y7yγ≈s9Î) ߉ç7÷ètΡ (#θä9$s% “ω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ tβρ߉ç7÷ès? $tΒ Ïμ‹Ï⊥t7Ï9 tΑ$s% øŒÎ) ßNöθyϑø9$# z>θà)÷ètƒ u|Øym øŒÎ) u™!#y‰pκà− öΝçGΨä. ÷Πr& ∩⊇⊂⊄∪ tβθßϑÎ=ó¡•Βz y Î(#θçΡ%x. $£ϑã tβθè=t↔ó¡è? Ÿωρ ( öΝçFö;|¡x. $¨Β Νä39uρ ôMt6|¡x. $tΒ $yγs9 ( ôM=z ô‰s% ×π¨Βé& y7ù=Ï? ∩⊇⊂⊂∪ tβθßϑÎ=ó¡ãΒ …ã&s! ß⎯øtwΥuρ #Y‰Ïn≡uρ $Yγ≈s9Î) t,≈ysó™Î)uρ Ÿ≅ŠÏè≈yϑó™Î)uρ t u s ny!$tΒρ «!$$Î/ $¨ΨtΒ#u™ (#þθä9θè% ∩⊇⊂∈∪ t⎦⎫Ï.Îô³ßϑø9$# ⎯ÏΒ tβ%x. $tΒuρ ( $Z‹ÏΖym zΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) s©#ÏΒ ö≅t/ ö≅è% 3 (#ρ߉tGöκsE 3“t≈|ÁtΡ ÷ρr& #·Šθèδ (#θçΡθà2 (#θä9$s%uρ ∩⊇⊂⊆∪ tβθè=uΚ÷ètƒ u zŸω óΟÎγÎn/§‘ ⎯ÏΒ šχθ–ŠÎ;¨Ψ9$# u’ÎAρé& !$tΒuρ 4©|¤ŠÏãρ 4©y›θãΒ u’ÎAρé& !$tΒρ ÅÞ$t6ó™F{$#uρ z>θà)÷èƒuρ t,≈ysó™Î)uρ Ÿ≅ŠÏè≈oÿôœÎ)uρ zΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) #’n<Î) tΑÌ“Ρé& !$tΒuρ $uΖøŠs9Î) tΑÌ“Ρé& u u t( 5−$s)Ï© ’Îû öΝèδ $oÿ©ςÎ*sù (#öθ©9uθ? βÎ)¨ρ ( (#ρy‰G÷δ$# ωs)ù ⎯ÏμÎ/ Λä⎢ΨtΒ#u™ !$tΒ È≅÷VÏϑÎ/ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ ÷βÎ*sù ∩⊇⊂∉∪ tβθãΚÎ=ó¡ãΒ …çμs9 ß⎯øtwΥuρ óΟßγ÷ΨÏiΒ 7‰tnr& t⎦÷⎫t/ ä−ÌhxçΡ s t s«!$# ’Îû $oΨtΡθ•_!$ysè?r& ö≅è% ∩⊇⊂∇∪ βρ߉Î7≈tã …ã&s! ß⎯øtwΥuρ ( Zπtóö7¹ «!$# š∅ÏΒ ß⎯|¡ômr& ô⎯tΒρ ( «!$# sπtóö7Ϲ ∩⊇⊂∠∪ ÞΟŠÎ=yèø9$# ßìŠÏϑ¡¡9$# uθèδuρ 4 ª!$# ãΝßγx6‹Ïõ3u‹|¡sù t Ï ušUθà)÷èƒuρ šY≈ysó™Î)uρ Ÿ≅‹Ïè≈yϑó™Î)uρ zΟ↵Ïδ≡tö/Î) ¨βÎ) tβθä9θà)s? ôΘr& ∩⊇⊂®∪ tβθÝÁÎ=øƒèΧ …çμs9 ß⎯øtwΥuρ öΝä3è=≈yϑôãr& öΝä3s9uρ $oΨè=≈yϑôãr& !$oΨ9uρ öΝà6š/u‘uρ $uΖš/u‘ uθèδuρ t sβθè=yϑ÷è? $£ϑã @≅Ï≈tóÎ/ ª!$# $tΒρ 3 «!$# š∅ÏΒ …çνy‰ΨÏã ¸οy‰≈yγx© zΟtG. ⎯£ϑÏΒ ãΝn=øß& ô⎯tΒρ 3 ª!$# ÏΘr& ãΝn=ôãr& öΝçFΡr&u™ ö≅è% 3 3“t≈|ÁtΡ ÷ρr& #·Šθèδ (#θçΡ%x. xÞ$t7ó™F{$#uρt s t u x r u ∩⊇⊆⊃∪ And who turns away from the religion of Ibrahim but such as debase their souls with folly? Him We chose and rendered pure in this world: and he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the Righteous. Behold! His Lord said to him; “Bow your will to me.” He said, “I bow my will to The Lord and Cherisher of the Universe.” And this was the legacy that Ibrahim left to his sons, and so did Yaqoob; “ Oh my sons! Allah has Chosen the Faith for you; then do not die except in the Faith of Islam.” Were you witnesses when Death appeared before Yaqoob? Behold, he said to his sons, “What will you worship after me?” The replied, “ We shall worship Allah, who is the God your fathers, of Ibrahim, Ismail and Ishaaq. The One true Allah; to Him we bow in Islam.” Those were the People who have passed away. They shall reap the fruits of what they did, and you of what you do! Of their merits there is no question in your case! They say, “Become Jews or Christians if you would be guided to salvation.” You say: “Nay! I would rather follow the Religion of Ibrahim the True, and he did not join any gods with Allah. We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Ibrahim, Ismail, Ishaaq, Yaqoob and the Tribes, and that given to Musa and Eisa and that given to all the Prophets from their Lord: we make no difference between any of them, and we bow to Allah in Islam.” So if they believe as you believe, they are indeed on the right path; but if they turn back, it is they who are in schism: but Allah will suffice you as against them, and He is the All- Hearing, the All-Knowing. Our religion is the Baptism of Allah; and who can baptize better than Allah? And it is He Whom we worship. Say: Will you dispute with us about Allah, seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and you for yours; and that we are sincere in our faith to Him. Or do you say that Ibrahim, Ismail, Ishaaq, Yaqoob and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do you know better than Allah? Ah! Who is more unjust than those who conceal the testimony they have from Allah? But Allah is not unmindful of what you do! (Quran: 2/130-140)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 66PROPHET YUSUF (JOSEPH) AS Prophet Yusuf (AS) was the most handsome and the beautiful male who has ever existed.His trials and tribulations describe every concept of a perfect human. He experienced jealousy,hatred, pride, passion, deception, intrigue, and cruelty and had faced terror. His noble qualitiesincluded patience, loyalty, bravery, nobility and compassion. His fascinating story is the mostdetailed and complete story in the Holy Quran. It gives insight into the depth of Allah’s powerand supremacy. Even though there are challenges of human interventions, the story is a visibleSign for those who believe in Him. Prophet Muhammad (SAW) best described Prophet Yusuf (AS) when he was asked,“Who is the most honorable amongst the people?” He replied. “The one who was the most God-fearing! The most honorable person isYusuf, Allah’s prophet; who was the son of Allah’s prophet, and who in turn was the son of thefaithful friend of Allah (Prophet Ibrahim).” In his childhood, Prophet Yusuf (AS) had a vision in the form of a dream that wasdelightfully pleasant. He saw that eleven stars, the sun and the moon were prostrating to him!Upon waking up, he ran to his father, Prophet Yaqoob (AS) and excitedly related it: ∩⊆∪ š⎥⎪ωÉf≈y™ ’Í< öΝåκçJ÷ƒr&u‘ tyϑs)ø9$#uρ }§ôϑ¤±9$#uρ $Y6x.öθx. ³tã y‰tnr& àM÷ƒr&u‘ ’ÎoΤÎ) ÏMt/r¯≈tƒ Ïμ‹Î/L{ ß#ß™θムtΑ$s% øŒÎ) u| “Oh my father! Verily I saw in a dream eleven stars and the sun and the moon. I saw them prostrating themselves to me!” (Quran: 12/4) Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was flushed and extremely pleased to learn this. He foresaw thatProphet Yusuf (AS) would be the torchbearer who would continue as the next link in the chain ofthe prophets started by his grandfather, Prophet Ibrahim (AS). He would keep alive the missionby spreading the messages of Allah (SW) to mankind. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) had received aPromise from Allah (SWT) that all the appointed prophets and messengers thereafter would befrom his progeny. However, Prophet Yaqoob (AS), father of the Prophet Yusuf (AS), was alsoaware of the existing sibling rivalries and jealousies between his children; Prophet Yusuf (AS)was well-liked by everyone, which only intensified the hatred of his brothers, especially hisstepbrothers. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) instructed his son to keep the vision to himself and was not torelate it to his brothers who were vulnerable to the Satan.y7•/u‘ šŠÎ;tFøgs† y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ ∩∈∪ Ñ⎥⎫Î7•Β Aρ߉tã Ç⎯≈|¡ΣM∼Ï9 z⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ¨βÎ) ( #´‰øŠx. y7s9 (#ρ߉‹Å3uŠsù y7Ï?uθ÷zÎ) #’n?tã x8$tƒö™â‘ óÈÝÁø)s? Ÿω ¢©o_ç6≈tƒ tΑ$s%íΟŠÎ=tæ y7−/u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 t,≈ptôÎ)uρ tΛ⎧Ïδ≡tö/Î) ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ y7÷ƒuθt/r& #’n?tã $yγ£ϑn@r& !$yϑx. z>θà)÷ètƒ ÉΑ#u™ #’n?tãuρ šø‹n=tã …çμtFyϑ÷èÏΡ ΟÏFãƒuρ Ï]ƒÏŠ%tnF{$# È≅ƒÍρùs? ⎯ÏΒ y7ßϑÏk=yèãƒuρ ∩∉∪ ÒΟŠÅ3ym O my dear little son! Do not relate your vision to your brothers, lest they concoct a plot against you; for Satan is an avowed enemy to men! Thus will your Lord choose you and teach you the interpretation of stories and events, and perfect His favor to you and to my posterity – even as He perfected it to your fathers Ibrahim and Ishaaq aforetime! For Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom.” (Quran: 12/5-6) Ever obedient Prophet Yusuf (AS) did not tell his brothers about his dream or theinterpretation of his father. He was aware of the hatred that his brother carried against him and hewas also fearful of them.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 67 As a youthful teenager, Prophet Yusuf (AS) had turned out to be the most handsome androbust person with a mild and gentle temperament. His attitude was respectful, kind, andconsiderate to all. He had a brother, Benjamin, from the same mother, Rachel, who replicated hismanners. Both of them were very much loved by their father because of their refined behaviors. Their father would not allow them out of his sight out of fear that their stepbrotherswould inflict grievous harm upon them. Whenever Prophet Yusuf’s (AS) stepbrothers got together, their main topic of discussionwould always be the sibling rivalries between the two sides of their family. These brothers didnot like the fact that both Prophet Yusuf (AS) and his brother, Benjamin, received more affectionand attention from their father, Prophet Yaqoob (AS). They had expected more attention fromtheir father as they were the elders and looked after the herds and tended to the farms of thefamily. These brothers met again, this time for the sole purpose of devising a scheme wherebythey could get rid of Prophet Yusuf (AS) forever. In their minds they believed that with ProphetYusuf (AS) out of the way, their father would pay more attention to them. A plan was developed to kill Prophet Yusuf (AS). However, the eldest, named Yahudh,who was also the most intelligent, spoke against the suggestions of any killing. Instead, heoffered a plan whereby they would get rid of Prophet Yusuf (AS) without having to kill him.Thus, a conspiracy developed to initiate their plans to get rid of Prophet Yusuf (AS).çμô_uρ öΝä39 ã≅øƒs† $ZÊö‘r& çνθãmôÛ$# Íρr& #ß™θム(#θè=çGø%$# ∩∇∪ A⎦⎫Î7•Β 9≅≈n=|Ê ’Å∀s9 $tΡ$t/r& ¨βÎ) îπt7óÁãã ß⎯øtwΥuρ $¨ΨÏΒ $oΨŠÎ/r& #’n<Î) =ymr& çνθäzr&uρ ß#ß™θã‹s9 (#θä9$s% øŒÎ) s t yβÎ) Íοu‘$§‹¡¡9$# âÙ÷èt/ çμôÜÉ)tGù=tƒ Éb=àfø9$# ÏMt6≈uŠxî ’Îû çνθà)ø9r&ρ y#ß™θム(#θè=çGø)s? Ÿω öΝåκ÷]ÏiΒ ×≅Í←!$s% tΑ$s% ∩®∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎ=≈|¹ $YΒöθs% ⎯Íνω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ (#θçΡθä3s?uρ öΝä3‹Î/r& u ∩⊇⊃∪ t⎦,Î#Ïè≈sù óΟçGΨä. They said , “Truly Yusuf and his brother are more loved than us by our father: although we make a better combination together! Lo! Our father is in plain aberration and has a wandering mind.” One said, “Let us kill Yusuf, or cast him to some other land. Then the favors of our father will be all for us. As we repent we will be the righteous people. One amongst them said, “ Let us not kill Yusuf, but if it has to be done, Let us throw him into a deep well. Some caravan will find him. (Quran: 12/ 8-10) They schemed to take Prophet Yusuf (AS) away from their lands and throw him in thewells of the abandoned mines. There was no chance that he could return back alive from there.Their first hurdle was to separate Prophet Yusuf (AS) from the company of their father. Theyknew that their father would not easily part with Prophet Yusuf (AS) or hand him over to them.They had to come up with a sound reasoning to convince their father that Prophet Yusuf (AS)would be secure in the company of his stepbrothers. In the near future, an inter-communal games contest was forthcoming. It would takeplace and had always been contested and won by the brothers as a team. They conspired to usethat event as an excuse to take Prophet Yusuf (AS) in the fields away from their father. Hence,the plotting brothers approached Prophet Yaqoob (AS) and asked his permission to take ProphetYusuf (AS) on a field trip with them in the nearby desert. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was fearful ofany harm being inflicted on him by them. He expressed his objections and fears that some wolfmight kill and devour Prophet Yusuf (AS) while the brothers were playing among themselvesand failed to guard him. The brothers coaxed him into submission by saying that it was
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 68impossible for a wolf to come near them while they were such a strong group. Very reluctantly,Prophet Yaqoob agreed to let the brothers take Prophet Yusuf (AS) with them to the fields:’ÎoΤÎ) Α$s% ∩⊇⊄∪ βθÝàÏ≈yss9 …çμ9 $¯ΡÎ)uρ ó=yèù=tƒuρ ôìs?ötƒ #Y‰î $oΨyètΒ ã&ù#Å™ö‘r& ∩⊇⊇∪ tβθßsÅÁ≈oΨs9 …ã&s! $¯ΡÎ)uρ y#ß™θム4’n?tã $¨Ζ0Βùs? Ÿω y7s9 $tΒ $tΡ$t/r¯≈tƒ (#θä9$s% t t s x#]ŒÎ) !$¯ΡÎ) îπ7óÁãã ß⎯óstΡuρ Ü=øÏe%!$# ã&s#Ÿ2& ÷⎦È⌡s9 (#θä9$s% ∩⊇⊂∪ šχθè=Ï≈xî çμ÷Ψtã óΟçFΡr&uρ Ü=øÏe%!$# ã&s#à2ùtƒ βr& ß∃%s{r&uρ ⎯ÏμÎ/ (#θç7yδõ‹s? βr& û©Í_çΡâ“ósu‹s9 t r ∩⊇⊆∪ tβρçÅ£≈y‚©9 They said, “O our father! Why will you not trust us with Yusuf, when lo! We are good friends to him? Send him with us tomorrow that he may enjoy himself and play. And lo! We shall take good care of him.” He said, “Lo! In truth it saddens me that you should take him with you, and I fear lest the wolf devour him whilst you are careless of him.” They said, “If the wolf should devour him when we are so strong a band, the surely we should be the losers.” (Quran: 12/11-14) The conspiring brothers had overcome one hurdle of separating Prophet Yusuf (AS) fromtheir father. They were excited that their goal of having the full attentions of their father waswithin their sights. The next day, they took Prophet Yusuf (AS) with them towards the desert toconclude their conspired mission and throw him into a deep well. When all of them arrived at the well they grabbed Prophet Yusuf (AS) and restrainedhim. One of them removed his shirt and secured it. They then threw him into the dark well. Thebrothers moved away from the vicinity of the well. Prophet Yusuf (AS) thought it was a game being played between him and his brothers.Later, he realized that he had been abandoned and left at the mercy of the environment. ProphetYusuf (AS) prayed for the Mercy of Allah (SWT). Being a patient person, Prophet Yusuf (AS)had faith and knew that Allah (SWT) would not abandon him. He prayed to Allah (SWT) forhelp, patiently waiting for divine intervention and never lost faith. Having accomplished the mission of getting rid Prophet Yusuf (AS), the brothers came totheir flock and killed a sheep. They soaked their brother’s shirt with the blood of the sheep. Theypledged between themselves to maintain absolute secrecy about their heinous crime. To manifestand convince their father that they were truthful and were sincere about their relationship, all ofthem approached their father with loud cries and wails of mourning. ∩⊇∉∪ šχθä3ö7tƒ [™!$t±Ïã öΝèδ$t/r& ÿρâ™!%y`uρ And they approached and came weeping to their father in the evening. (Quran: 12/16) Prophet Yaqoob (AS) heard the commotion in the courtyard and asked, “Why are youcrying? Has something happened to the flock?”$uΖ©9 9⎯ÏΒ÷σßϑÎ/ |MΡr& !$tΒuρ ( Ü=øÏe%!$# ã&s#Ÿ2sù $oΨÏè≈tGtΒ y‰ΖÏã y#ß™θム$uΖò2ts?uρ ß,Î7oKó¡nΣ $oΨö7yδsŒ $¯ΡÎ) !$tΡ$t/r¯≈tƒ (#θä9$s% ∩⊇∉∪ šχθä3ö7tƒ [™!$t±Ïã öΝèδ$t/r& ÿρâ™!%y`uρ r$tΒ 4’n?ã ãβ$yèGó¡ßϑø9$# ª!$#uρ ( ×≅ŠÏΗsd ×ö9|Áù ( #øΒr& öΝä3Ý¡àΡr& öΝä3s9 ôMs9§θy™ ö≅t/ tΑ$s% 4 5>É‹x. 5Θy‰Î/ ⎯ÏμÅÁŠÏϑs% 4’n?tã ρâ™!%y`uρ ∩⊇∠∪ t⎦⎫Ï%ω≈|¹ $¨Ζà2 öθs9uρ t t s ∩⊇∇∪ tβθàÅÁs? They answered, “ O our father! We were racing with each other and left Yusuf, to guard our possessions. He was devoured by a wolf; but you will not believe us even though we are telling the truth.” And they brought his shirt with false blood. He said, “Nay, but your minds have made up a false tale. As for me, I have find patience is most befitting. Against that which you assert, It is only Allah whose help can be sought.” (Quran: 12/16-18)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 69 The brothers told their father that whilst they were playing; Prophet Yusuf (AS) was leftto guard their belongings. A wolf attacked Prophet Yusuf (AS) and took his body away to devourhim.. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) knew that his sons were lying to him about what they had done toProphet Yusuf (AS). His inner feelings told him that his favorite son was somehow alive. Hespread out the blood-stained shirt and remarked, “What a merciful wolf! It ate up my beloved sonyet left his shirt without any tear in it!” When confronted by their father who demanded more information and the truth fromthem, each one swore by Allah that he was telling the truth. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) left the matterto rest with Allah (SWT) and prayed for patience for himself and hoped that he would have somebetter news about his favorite son. Meanwhile Prophet Yusuf (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for the well being of his father.He asked Allah (SWT) to grant both of them the patience to bear their separation from eachother. Prophet Yusuf (AS) was well aware that life had many trials and that his trials had justbegun. A caravan on its way to Egypt stopped at the well. A person caste a bucket in the well todraw some water. Prophet Yusuf (AS) grabbed and held the bucket before it could hit the water.The person who was drawing the water found that hauling it up was heavier than usual. When hepeeked into the well, he was amazed to find that a human being was holding the rope. His fellowtravelers helped him pull up the person who was holding the rope. When they finally brought theperson out of the well, his beauty and youth stunned them. They were the traveling traders; they evaluated the potential of the profits they couldmake with the sale of this person in the slave markets of Egypt. They clamped shackles on hisfeet, chained him in a cart, and resumed their journey towards Egypt. Egypt was far away from the Canaan, homeland of Prophet Yusuf (AS). When he wasdisplayed in the slave market, the news of this unusually handsome and robust slave spread likewildfire. People came from all around, out of curiosity, to admire his looks. The majority of thebidders were the elite, who were very rich. Every bidder was ambitious to own the beautifulslave and the auctioneer was pleased at the contest, which was raising the price higher andhigher. Finally, Aziz, the Chief Minister of Egypt, secured this prize and took Prophet Yusuf(AS) to his palace.çν÷ρŸ°ρ ∩⊇®∪ šχθè=yϑ÷èƒ $yϑÎ/ 7ΟŠÎ=tæ ª!$#ρ 4 Zπyè≈ŸÒÎ/ çνρ• r&uρ 4 ÖΝ≈n=äî #x‹≈yδ 3“uô³ç6≈tƒ tΑ$s% ( …çνuθø9yŠ 4’n<÷Šrsù öΝèδyŠÍ‘#uρ (#θè=y™ö‘rsù ×οu‘$§‹y™ ôNu™!%y`uρ u u t u |βr& #©¤tã çμ1uθ÷WtΒ ’ÍΓÌò2r& ÿ⎯ÏμÏ?r&tøΒeω uóÇÏiΒ ⎯ÏΒ çμ1utIô©$# “Ï%©!$# tΑ$s%uρ ∩⊄⊃∪ š⎥⎪ωÏδ≡¨“9$# z⎯ÏΒ ÏμŠÏù (#θçΡ%Ÿ2uρ ;οyŠρ߉÷ètΒ zΝÏδ≡u‘yŠ <§øƒr2 ∅yϑsVÎ/ | ¤usYò2r& £⎯Å3≈s9uρ ⎯ÍνÌøΒr& #’n?tã ë=Ï9%yñ ª!$#uρ 4 Ï]ƒÏŠ$ymF{$# È≅ƒÍρùs? ⎯ÏΒ …çμyϑÏk=yèãΨÏ9uρ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû y#ß™θã‹Ï9 $¨Ψ©3tΒ y7Ï9≡x‹Ÿ2uρ 4 #V$s!uρ …çνx‹Ï‚−GtΡ ÷ρr& !$oΨyèxΨtƒ ∩⊄⊇∪ šχθßϑn=ôètƒ Ÿω Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# And there came a caravan, and they sent their water drawer. He let down his pail into the well. He said, “Good luck! Here is a youth!”. And they hid him as a treasure, and Allah was Aware of what they did. And they sold him for a price, a number of silver coins; and they attached no value to him. And he of Egypt who purchase him said to his wife, “Receive him honorably. Perchance he may prove useful to us or we may adopt him as a son.” Thus We established Yusuf in the land that We might teach him the interpretations of the events. And Allah was predominant in his career, but most of mankind does not know. (Quran: 12/19-21)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 70 When Prophet Yusuf (AS) was brought to the palace and in the presence of Aziz, thecourtiers were instructed by Aziz to remove the shackles that bound Prophet Yusuf (AS). Azizaddressed Prophet Yusuf (AS) and assured him that his freedom of movement within the palacewould not be restricted; he would not be ill-treated if he behaved. It was important to Aziz thatProphet Yusuf (AS) should not betray his trust. Prophet Yusuf (AS) appreciated the freedom he was granted; thanked him for thegenerosity and assured him of his devotion and loyalty. He then prayed to Allah (SWT) toshower His Mercy showered upon him. The wife of Aziz named Zulaikha took him over andassigned Prophet Yusuf (AS) the duties of her personal attendant. Prophet Yusuf (AS) served Zulaikha as a devoted servant and faithfully executed all herorders. Everybody in the palace liked his mild manners and charming personality. His youthfullyhandsome and robust personality became the talk of the town. Everybody referred to him as themost handsome person ever seen. Some even wrote poems and songs about him. People wouldtravel long distances just to get a glimpse of him and marvel at him. He was the heartthrob of theprettiest maidens. The richest ladies nursed the desire to possess him. Yet he was always humbleand polite. As he grew into manhood, Allah (SWT) Showered him with wisdom and knowledge. ∩⊄⊄∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# “Ì“øgwΥ y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ 4 $Vϑù=Ïãuρ $Vϑõ3ãm çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™ ÿ…çν£‰ä©r& xn=t/ $£ϑs9uρ And when he reached his prime We gave him wisdom and knowledge. Thus We reward the good. (Quran: 12/22) Prophet Yusuf (AS) had been granted the wisdom to observe the affairs of the worldaround him. His knowledge of life and its living conditions were improved. He was blessed withthe art of conversation, which captivated those who listened to him. He also was gifted withnobility and self-restraint, which made his personality irresistible. Aziz, his master, realized thatthe presence of Prophet Yusuf (AS) was a blessing for his house. He had found him to be aperson who was honest, straightforward and noble. After some time, he promoted Prophet Yusuf(AS) to take charge of his household and treated him like a son. His wife, Zulaikha, started spending most of her time in the company of Prophet Yusuf(AS). Zulaikha found it difficult to resist her desires to secure him for exclusively herself. Shewas quickly falling in love with him, but she was not a wayward person. She could commandand get the company of any man she desired. She was attractive and intelligent. Even though shedid not bear any child for Aziz, he did not take another wife as he was passionately in love withher.ßxÎ=øムŸω …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( y“#uθ÷WtΒ ⎯¡ômr& þ’În1‘ …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( «!$# Œ$yèΒ tΑ$s% 4 šs9 |Mø‹yδ ôMs9$s%uρ šU≡uθö/F{$# ÏMs)¯=yñuρ ⎯ÏμÅ¡ø¯Ρ ⎯tã $yγÏF÷t/ †Îû uθèδ ©ÉL©9$# çμø?yŠuρ≡u‘ρ z | u s t u$tΡÏŠ$t6Ïã ô⎯ÏΒ …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 ™!$t±ósxø9$#uρ u™þθ¡9$# çμ÷Ζtã t∃ÎóÇuΖÏ9 7Ï9≡x‹Ÿ2 4 ⎯ÏμÎn/u‘ ⎯≈yδöç/ #u™§‘ βr& Iωöθs9 $pκÍ5 §Νyδuρ ( ⎯ÏμÎ/ ôM£ϑyδ ô‰s)s9uρ ∩⊄⊂∪ šχθßϑÎ=≈©à9$# u y z ∩⊄⊆∪ š⎥⎫ÅÁn=ø⇐ßϑø9$# And she, in whose house he was, asked of him an evil act. She bolted the doors and said: “Come!” He said, “I seek refuge in Allah! Lo! He is my Lord, who hath treated me honorably. Wrong-doers never prosper. She verily desired him, and he would have desired her if it had not been that he saw the arguments of his lord. Thus it was, that We might ward off from him evil and lewdness. Lo! He was of Our chosen slaves. (Quran: 12/23-24) Zulaikha once trapped Prophet Yusuf (AS) in her chamber and locked the door frominside. She began making advances toward him while Prophet Yusuf (AS) discouraged her,
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 71saying that the act that she was proposing was evil. Zulaikha tried to force herself upon him;while he went on pleading for her to stop her advances. The refusal of Prophet Yusuf (AS) tosubmit to the evil sexual act further heightened her passions. Prophet Yusuf (AS) ran towards thedoor to escape her. She chased him and grabbed his shirt. With the force of his will to get awayfrom her, the shirt was torn and she held a piece of it in her hand. Both of them reached the doortogether. It burst open and standing there was her husband, Aziz, and one of her own cousins,who had come to visit her.ëU#x‹ã ÷ρr& ⎯fó¡ç„ βr& HωÎ) #¹™þθß™ 7Ï=÷δÎ/ yŠ#u‘r& ô⎯tΒ â™!#t“_ $tΒ ôMs9$s% 4 É>$t7ø9$# #t$s! $yδy‰Íh‹y™ $uŠxø9r&ρ 9ç/ߊ ⎯ÏΒ …çμ|ÁŠÏϑs% ôN£‰s%uρ z>$t7ø9$# $s)t6tGó™$#uρ t z y y r y u ∩⊄∈∪ ÒΟŠÏ9r& And they raced one another to the door, and she tore his shirt from behind. And they met and master at the door. She said: “What shall be his reward who wishes evil to your folk? Save prison or a painful doom?” (Quran: 12/ 25) Aziz wanted to know what was happening in the room. Zulaikha realized that her innerdesires would be exposed, so she complained about the behavior of Prophet Yusuf (AS).Zulaikha accused Prophet Yusuf (AS) of trying to molest her. She acted as if she was an innocentvictim of Prophet Yusuf’s (AS) sexual desires. Zulaikha’s turnaround shook Prophet Yusuf (AS),who was amazed at the accusations being leveled at him. He denied them. Prophet Yusuf (AS)said: “She was the one who was trying an evil act on me!” Aziz questioned both Prophet Yusuf (AS) and Zulaikha and then consulted Zulaikha’scousin. He had a reputation of being both an honest and a fair minded person. After listening toboth accounts, he instructed Aziz to examine the shirt, which was an exhibit of proof. If the shirtwas torn at the front, it meant that he had tried to seduce her, as the front tear would be a proof ofself-defense. Aziz asked, “And if the shirt is torn at the back?” He replied, “Then it would mean that she was the one who tempted him.” The shirt was examined in her presence. Her cousin determined that it had been torn atthe back. This was a clear reflection of her guilt. The wise and just Aziz apologized to ProphetYusuf (AS) for his wife’s indecency. He also instructed her to beg ProphetYusuf’s (AS)forgiveness for her false accusations leveled at him.tβ%x. βÎ)uρ ∩⊄∉∪ ⎦⎫Î/É‹≈s3ø9$# ⎯ÏΒ uθèδρ ôMs%y‰Ásù 9≅ç6è% ⎯ÏΒ £‰è% …çμÝÁŠÏϑs% šχ%x. βÎ) !$yγÎ=÷δr& ô⎯ÏiΒ Ó‰Ïδ$x© y‰Îγx©uρ 4 ©Å¤ø¯Ρ ⎯tã ©Í_ø?yŠuρ≡u‘ }‘Ïδ tΑ$s% t z u |∩⊄∇∪ ×Λ⎧Ïàã £⎯ä.‰ø‹x. ¨βÎ) ( £⎯ä.ωø‹Ÿ2 ⎯ÏΒ …çμ¯ΡÎ) tΑ$s% 9ç/ߊ ⎯ÏΒ £‰è% …çμ|ÁŠÏϑs% #u™u‘ $£ϑn=sù ∩⊄∠∪ t⎦⎫Ï%ω≈¢Á9$# z⎯ÏΒ uθèδuρ ôMt/x‹s3sù 9ç/ߊ ⎯ÏΒ £‰è% …çμÁŠÏϑs% t y Ý ∩⊄®∪ t⎦⎫Ï↔ÏÛ$sƒø:$# z⎯ÏΒ ÏMΖà2 Å7¯ΡÎ) ( Å7Î7/Ρx‹Ï9 “ÌÏøótGó™$#uρ 4 #x‹≈yδ ô⎯tã óÚÌôãr& ß#ß™θムYusuf said, “It was she that sought to seduce me.” And a witness of her household bore witness saying: “If it be that his shirt is torn from the front, then her tale is true and he is a liar! But if it be that his shirt is torn from the back, then she has told a lie and he is speaking the truth!” So when her husband, saw Yusuf’s shirt torn at the back, her husband said, “Behold! It is a snare of you women! Truly mighty is your snare! Oh Yusuf pass this over! O wife, ask forgiveness for your sin for truly you have been at fault!” (Quran: 12/26-29) This incident could not be contained in secrecy and the related stories started spreadingaround the city. Gossip about the scandal passed from mouth to mouth and ear to ear. ∩⊂⊃∪ &⎦⎫Î7•Β 9≅≈n=|Ê ’Îû $yγ1ut∴s9 $¯ΡÎ) ( $‰7ãm $yγxtóx© ô‰s% ( ⎯ÏμÅ¡ø¯Ρ ⎯tã $yγ9tGsù ߊÍρ≡tè? Í“ƒÍ•yèø9$# ßNr&tøΒ$# ÏπoΨƒÏ‰yϑø9$# ’Îû ×οuθó¡ÎΣ tΑ$s%uρ *
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 72 Ladies said in the City, “The wife of great Aziz is seeking to seduce her slave. Truly he has inspired her with violent love: we see she is evidently going astray.” (Quran: 12/30) When Zulaikha heard about the gossip and what was being said about her in the city, shewas distressed. However, she strongly believed that it was impossible for any woman to resist aperson as handsome as Prophet Yusuf (AS). To prove that every woman was vulnerable towardsthe masculine beauty of Prophet Yusuf (AS), she made plans to expose the feminine weakness ofevery woman, even if the woman was highly virtuous and considered beyond reproach. She sentout invitations for a lavish banquet at her palace. It was the most sought-after privilege in the cityto be sharing a table with the wife of the Chief Minister of Egypt! Besides, most of these high-society women had the secret desire of meeting Prophet Yusuf (AS). As the invitees werewomen only, those closest to Zulaikha jested and made known to her that they would attend onlyif Zulaikha introduced them to Prophet Yusuf (AS) — exactly what Zulaikha had wanted in thefirst place. The banquet started with a huge fanfare. Laughter and enjoyment was abundant. Therecent scandal about Zulaikha was no longer the issue to be discussed. However, Zulaikhaaddressed the issue, “I have heard about those who say that I have fallen in love with the youngHebrew man, Yusuf.” Those in the banquet hall became silent. Every one was looking at Zulaikha. She gaveorders to the servers to serve the fruits to the guests and continued, “I admit that he is a charmingperson. I do not deny that I love him. I have loved him ever since I first saw him.” This admission helped clear the hostilities in the atmosphere and tensions among theladies. After finishing their dinner, the guests started using their knives to slice the fresh fruits.While all of them were slicing their fruits with their knives, Zulaikha summoned Prophet Yusuf(AS) into the room. He entered as a shy person with eyes lowered and looking at the floor. Zulaikha addressed him and, in response, he raised his face towards her. All the womenpresent were dazzled by the youthful beauty in their midst. All their attention and their eyes werefocused on him, but their knives, which were meant to slice the fruits in their hands, were insteadcutting their fingers and palms. The presence of Prophet Yusuf (AS) was so intoxicating that none of them realized thatthey had cut themselves and that they were actually bleeding. There were gasps of wonder andsomeone remarked, “This cannot be real. He must be an illusion!” Zulaikha stood up and announced, “This is the one for whom I have been blamed. I donot deny that I seduced him. All of you have been enchanted by Yusuf, and can see whathappened to your hands. I have tempted him, and if he does not submit to my desires he has to goto jail!”…çμΡ÷y9ø.& ÿ…çμΖ÷ƒr&u‘ $¬Ηs>ù ( £⎯Íκön=tã ólã÷z$# ÏMs9$s%ρ $YΖŠÅj3Å™ £⎯åκ÷]ÏiΒ ;οy‰Ïn≡uρ ¨≅ä. ôMs?#u™uρ $↔s3−GãΒ £⎯çλm; ôNy‰tGôãr&ρ £⎯Íκös9Î) ôMn=y™ö‘r& £⎯ÏδÌõ3yϑÎ/ ôMyèÏϑy™ $¬Ηs>sù t r u s u u⎯ÏμÅ¡ø¯Ρ ⎯tã …çμ›?Šuρ≡u‘ ô‰)s9uρ ( ÏμŠÏù ©Í_¨ΖçFôϑä9 “Ï%©!$# £⎯ä3Ï9≡x‹sù ôMs9$s% ∩⊂⊇∪ ÒΟƒÌx. Ô7n=Β ωÎ) !#x‹≈yδ ÷βÎ) #·|³o0 #x‹≈yδ $tΒ ¬! |·≈ym z⎯ù=è%uρ £⎯åκu‰Ï‰÷ƒr& z⎯÷è©Üs%uρ s tô∃ÎóÇ? ωÎ)uρ ( Ïμø‹s9Î) ©Í_tΡθããô‰tƒ $£ϑÏΒ ¥’n<Î) =ymr& ß⎯ôfÅb¡9$# Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊂⊄∪ t⎦⎪ÌÉó≈¢Á9$# z⎯ÏiΒ $ZΡθä3u‹s9uρ £⎯uΖyfó¡ãŠs9 …çνããΒ#u™ !$tΒ ö≅yèøtƒ öΝ©9 ⎦È⌡s9uρ ( zΝ|Á÷ètFó™$$sù s û ∩⊂⊆∪ ÞΟŠÎ=yèø9$# ßì‹Ïϑ¡¡9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 £⎯èδy‰ø‹x. çμ÷Ζtã t∃u|Çsù …çμš/u‘ …çμs9 z>$yftFó™$$sù ∩⊂⊂∪ t⎦⎫Î=Îγ≈pgø:$# z⎯ÏiΒ ⎯ä.r&uρ £⎯Íκös9Î) Ü=ô¹r& £⎯èδy‰ø‹x. ©Íh_tã When she heard of their malicious talk, she sent for them and prepared A banquet for them: she gave each of them a knife: and she said to Yusuf, “Come out before them.” When they saw him, they extolled him and in their amazement cut their hands: they said, “Allah
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 73 preserve us! This is no mortal! This is none other than a noble angel!” She said, “There before you is the man about whom you blamed me! I sought to seduce him against his will but he firmly saved himself, without any guilt! And now, if he does not my bidding, he shall certainly be cast into prison and verily shall be of those brought low” He said, “Oh my Lord! The prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me. And if You do not fend off their wiles from me I shall incline unto them and become a foolish.” So his Lord heard his prayer and fended off their wiles from him. Lo! He is Hearer and Knower. (Quran: 12/31-34) After the banquet, Zulaikha and her husband, Aziz, had an open and a frank discussionabout the recent happenings. She admitted that she had an irresistible and uncontrollable urgetowards Prophet Yusuf (AS). The only way for her honor to be protected was to place ProphetYusuf (AS) in a prison where she could not have easy access to him. At the same time, she didnot want any other influential women to enjoy his closeness either; that very thought wasunbearable. For Aziz, it was a very difficult and a painful decision to imprison a person knowing thathe was innocent of all crimes, yet the person had to be placed into custody where no womencould have access to him. Very reluctantly, he ordered the imprisonment of Prophet Yusuf (AS).Prophet Yusuf (AS), patient as he was, accepted his fate but did not lose faith in Allah (SWT).He knew that it was yet another test for him. During his isolation in his prison cell, his knowledge increased and he received anothergift of perception: the ability to analyze and interpret dreams. He was excited that Allah (SWT)was drawing him closer to Himself. This thought alone was sufficient to bear any hardships ofisolation. After a few days, two young prisoners were placed in the cells near him. Both of the newarrivals were in the service of the king. One was a cook and the other a wine-server. Theybecame friends of Prophet Yusuf (AS). One morning both of them talked to Prophet Yusuf (AS)about some strange and vivid dreams, which appeared as a vision, to both of them. The cook haddreamed that he was standing in a courtyard where he had pieces of bread on his head. The breadwas being eaten by two birds. The wine-servers dreamed that he was serving wine to the king.They asked Prophet Yusuf (AS) to interpret their dreams for them. Prophet Yusuf (AS) invited them to join in a prayer to Allah (SWT). After the prayers, hetold the wine-server that his position in the king’s service would be restored shortly. But thecook was going to be executed by crucifixion. Prophet Yusuf (AS) asked the wine-server to keephim in his mind and inform the king that an innocent and wronged person named Yusuf wasbeing held in his prison. Both these prisoners faced what was predicted for them by ProphetYusuf (AS). However, when the wine-server resumed his duties, he forgot to tell the king about thewrongful imprisonment of Prophet Yusuf (AS). However, Prophet Yusuf (AS) did not lose faithin Allah (SWT) and increased his prayers to Allah (SWT).( çμ÷ΖÏΒ ç©Ü9$# ã≅ä.ùs? #Z”ö9äz ©Å›ù&u‘ s−öθù ã≅Ïϑômr& û©Í_1u‘r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ãyzFψ$# tΑ$s%uρ ( #ôϑyz çÅÇôãr& û©Í_1u‘r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) !$yϑèδ߉tnr& tΑ$s% ( Èβ$u‹tFsù z⎯ôfÅb¡9$# çμyètΒ Ÿ≅yzyŠuρ ö s$£ϑÏΒ $yϑä3Ï9≡sŒ 4 $yϑä3‹Ï?ùtƒ βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯Ï&Î#ƒÍρùtGÎ/ $yϑä3è?ù¬6tΡ ωÎ) ÿ⎯ÏμÏΡ$s%y—öè? ×Π$yèsÛ $yϑä3‹Ï?ùtƒ Ÿω tΑ$s% ∩⊂∉∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ š1ttΡ $¯ΡÎ) ( ÿ⎯Ï&Î#ƒÍρùtGÎ/ $uΖø⁄Îm;tΡ u$tΒ 4 >θà)÷èƒuρ t,≈ysó™Î)uρ ΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) ü“Ï™!$t/#u™ s©#ÏΒ àM÷è7¨?$#uρ ∩⊂∠∪ tβρãÏ≈x. öΝèδ ÍοtÅzFψ$$Î/ Νèδuρ «!$$Î/ tβθãΖÏΒ÷σムω 7Θöθs% s©#ÏΒ àMø.ts? ’ÎoΤÎ) 4 þ’În1u‘ ©Í_yϑ¯=tæ z t z tÇ⎯ôfÅb¡9$# Ä©t<Ås9|Á≈tƒ ∩⊂∇∪ tβρã3ô±„ Ÿω Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# usYò2r& £⎯Å3≈s9uρ Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# ’n?tãuρ $uΖøŠn=tã «!$# È≅ôÒsù ⎯ÏΒ šÏ9≡sŒ 4 &™ó©x« ⎯ÏΒ «!$$Î/ x8Îô³Σ βr& !$uΖs9 šχ%x. ä o
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 74 And two young men went to prison with him. One of them said: “I dreamt that I was pressing wine.” The other said, “I dreamt that I was carrying upon my head bread whereof the birds were eating. Tell us the true meaning thereof: for we see you are one that does good to all. He said, “The food that that you are given daily will not come for you but I shall tell you the interpretation before it comes to you. This is part of what my Lord has taught me. Lo! I have forsaken the religion of folk who do not believe in Allah and are disbelievers in the Hereafter. And I have followed the religion of my fathers, Ibrahim and Ishaaq and Yaqoob. It never was for us to attribute anything as partner to Allah. This is of the bounty of Allah for us who are the seeds of Ibrahim and for the mankind; but most men do not give thanks.” Oh my two companions of the prison! I ask you: are many lords who differ amongst themselves better, or the one Allah, Supreme and Irresistible?” “ Oh my two companions of the prison! As to the one of you, he will pour out the wine for his lord to drink: as for the other he will hang from the cross and birds will eat from off his head. Thus is the case judged concerning which you inquire.” And of the two, to that whom he considered about to be saved, he said, “Mention me to your lord.” But Satan made him forget to mention him to his lord: and Yusuf lingered in prison a few more years. (Quran: 12/36-42) While Prophet Yusuf (AS) was languishing in the prison, innocent of any charges, theKing of Egypt had a strange vision. He dreamed that he was on the banks of the River Nile. Thewater started receding and changed into mud. The fish began to skip and jump in the mud. Sevenfat cows came out of the river followed by seven lean cows. The seven lean ones devoured theseven fat ones. The King was terrified. Then seven ears of green grain grew on the riverbanksand disappeared in the mud. On the same spot grew seven dry ears of grain. The king awoketruly scared and depressed as he could not understand the true meaning of the vision. It hadvisibly disturbed him. He summoned his courtiers of sorcerers, priests, and ministers and toldthem about his dream. The sorcerers said, “It is only a nightmare as everything is jumbled and mixed up.” The priests analyzed, “Perhaps his majesty had a heavy supper.” The chief minister suggested that the king might have been exposed to the climate and slept without a blanket over his body. The court jester joked, “His majesty is aging and his dreams are confused.” It was unanimously agreed to set the dream aside as a nightmare. But the news about thedream reached the wine server. He recalled his own dream and the true interpretation. Heapproached the king and informed him about the rightly guided person who was able to interpretthe dreams correctly. The king ordered to the wine-server to ask Prophet Yusuf (AS) about thedream. When Prophet Yusuf (AS) heard the details of the dream, he interpreted and told him: 1. There will be seven years of abundance. 2. It will be followed by seven years of famine with shortage of food. 3. After the seven years of drought, there will one year of plentiful water. During the years of the abundance, when the land will produce agriculture, that will bemore than the national needs; some food should be saved and stored to feed the nation during thefamine years. Also, some grain should be saved for seeding the next harvest. During the year of
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 75the plentiful water, if the water is properly used, abundant grapevines and olive trees should beharvested for richer crops. The wine-server presented these interpretations to the king, who was amazed at thedetailed summary and ordered that Prophet Yusuf (AS) be brought to him:}‘≈tƒö™â‘ ’Îû ’ÎΤθçFøùr& _|yϑø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈ƒ ( ;M≈|¡Î0$tƒ yzé&ρ 9ôØäz BM≈n=ç7/Ψß™ yìö7y™uρ Ô∃$yfÏã ììö7y™ £⎯ßγè=à2ùtƒ 5β$yϑÅ™ ;N≡ts)t/ yìö7y™ 3“u‘r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) à7Î=yϑø9$# tΑ$s%uρ t t uO$tΡr& >π¨Βé& y‰÷è/ tx.¨Š$#uρ $yϑåκ÷]ÏΒ $pgwΥ “Ï%©!$# tΑ$s%uρ ∩⊆⊆∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=≈yèÎ/ ÄΝ≈n=ômF{$# È≅ƒÍρùtGÎ/ ß⎯øtwΥ $tΒρ ( 5Ο≈n=ômr& ß]≈tóôÊr& (#þθä9$s% ∩⊆⊂∪ šχρçã9÷ès? $tƒö™”=Ï9 óΟçGΨä. βÎ) t utyzé&uρ 9ôØäz BM≈n=ç7/Ψß™ Æìö7y™uρ Ô∃$yfÏã ììö7y™ £⎯ßγè=à2ùtƒ 5β$yϑÅ™ ;N≡ts)t/ Æìö7y™ ’Îû $uΖÏFøùr& ß,ƒÏd‰Å_Á9$# $pκš‰r& ß#ß™θム∩⊆∈∪ Èβθè=Å™ö‘rsù ⎯Ï&Î#ƒÍρùtGÎ/ Νà6ã⁄Îm;tΡé&$£ϑÏiΒ Wξ‹Î=s% ωÎ) ÿ⎯Ï&Î#ç7.⊥ß™ ’Îû çνρâ‘‹sù ôΜ›?‰|Ám $yϑsù $/r&yŠ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ™ yìö7y™ tβθããu‘÷“s? tΑ$s% ∩⊆∉∪ tβθßϑn=ôètƒ óΟßγ¯=yès9 Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# ’n<Î) ßìÅ_ö‘r& þ’Ìj?yè©9 ;M≈|¡Î0$tƒ x yß^$tóムÏμŠÏù ×Π%tæ 7Ï9≡sŒ ‰÷è/ .⎯ÏΒ ’ÎAùtƒ §ΝèO ∩⊆∇∪ tβθãΨÅÁøtéB $£ϑÏiΒ Wξ‹Î=s% ωÎ) £⎯çλm; ÷Λä⎢øΒ£‰s% $tΒ z⎯ù=ä.ùtƒ ׊#y‰Ï© Óìö7y™ y7Ï9≡sŒ ω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ ’ÎAùƒ §ΝèO ∩⊆∠∪ tβθè=ä.ùs? y Ï t t ∩⊆®∪ tβρçÅÇ÷ètƒ ÏμŠÏùuρ â¨$¨Ζ9$# The King of Egypt said: “ I do see in my vision seven fat kine, whom seven lean ones devour, and seven green ears of corn, and seven others withered Oh you chiefs! Expound to me my vision if it be that you can interpret Visions.” They said, “A confused medley of dreams: and we are not skilled in the interpretation of dreams.” But the man who had been released, one of the two who had been in prison and who now recalled him after a long time said, “ I am going to announce to you the interpretation, therefore send me to him.” He said, “O Yusuf! O man of truth! Explain the dream of seven fat kine whom seven lean ones devour, and of seven green ears of corn and seven others withered: that I may return to the people and that they may understand.” Yusuf said, “ For seven years you shall diligently sow as is your wont: and the harvests that you reap, you shall leave them in the ear, except a little of which you shall eat. After that will come a period of seven dreadful years, which will devour what you have laid by in advance for them, all except a little which you shall have specially guarded. Then will come a year in which the people will have abundant water and in which they will press wine and oil.” (Quran: 12/43-49) The King of Egypt had ordered that the interpreter, of his dream, be brought to him.When the envoy presented himself to Prophet Yusuf (AS) in the prison with the message that theking had summoned him in his court, Prophet Yusuf (AS) refused to leave the prison. He saidthat unless he was declared innocent of everything that had been leveled at him, he would notleave the prison. Prophet Yusuf (AS) wanted to be absolutely sure that the influential andpowerful ladies of the society would not accuse him of cutting their hands or making evildemands of him. The envoy returned to the king and informed him about the fears of Prophet Yusuf (AS)if he were released without any safeguards and assurances. The king decided to fully investigatethis matter and to resolve the issue immediately; his sense of justice for all presumed that aninnocent person might have been falsely accused and imprisoned. He ordered, “Bring the ChiefMinister’s Wife and also all those other women.” When all the women had assembled, the king asked the chief minister’s wife, Zulaikha, “What is the story of Yusuf? What do you know about him?” One of the ladies interrupted exclaiming, “Allah Forbid!” The king heard the remarks. “We know of no evil he has done.” “He is innocent like angels.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 76 Everyone was waiting to hear from Zulaikha. She boldly confessed that she had lied andhe had told the truth. “I tempted him, but he refused.” Thus, she confirmed the complete innocence of Prophet Yusuf (AS).×Λ⎧Î=tæ £⎯ÏδωøŠs3Î/ ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 £⎯åκu‰Ï‰÷ƒr& z⎯÷è©Ü% ©ÉL≈©9$# Íοθó¡ÏiΨ9$# ãΑ$t/ $tΒ ã&ù#t↔ó¡sù šÎn/u‘ 4’n<Î) ôìÅ_ö‘$# tΑ$s% ãΑθß™§9$# çνu™!%y` $£ϑn=sù ( ⎯ÏμÎ/ ’ÎΤθçGø$# à7Î=pRùQ$# tΑ$s%uρ s u}ÈysóÁym z⎯≈t↔ø9$# Í“ƒÍ•yèø9$# ßNr&tøΒ$# ÏMs9$s% 4 &™þθß™ ⎯ÏΒ Ïμø‹n=tã $uΖôϑÎ=æ $tΒ ¬! |·≈ym š∅ù=è% 4 ⎯ÏμÅ¡ø¯Ρ ⎯tã y#ß™θム¨⎦—∫Šuρ≡u‘ øŒÎ) £⎯ä3ç7ôÜyz $tΒ Α$s% ∩∈⊃∪ t t* ∩∈⊄∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÍ←!$sƒø:$# y‰øŠx. “ωöκu‰ Ÿω ©!$# ¨βr&uρ Í=ø‹tóø9$$Î/ çμ÷Ζäzr& öΝs9 ’ÎoΤr& zΝn=÷èu‹Ï9 y7Ï9≡sŒ ∩∈⊇∪ š⎥⎫Ï%ω≈¢Á9$# z⎯Ïϑs9 …çμ¯ΡÎ)uρ ⎯ÏμÅ¡ø¯Ρ ⎯tã …çμ›?Šuρ≡u‘ O$tΡr& ‘,ysø9$# ∩∈⊂∪ ×Λ⎧Ïm§‘ Ö‘θàxî ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 þ’În1u‘ zΟÏmu‘ $tΒ ωÎ) Ï™þθ¡9$$Î/ 8οu‘$¨ΒV{ §ø¨Ζ9$# ¨βÎ) 4 û©Å¤øtΡ ä—Ìht/é& !$tΒuρ } So the king said: “You bring him to me.” But when the messenger came to him, Yusuf said, “You go back to your lord, and ask him,” “What is the state of mind of the ladies who cut their hands?” For my Lord is certainly well Aware of their snare.” The king asked the ladies, “What was your affair when you sought to seduce Yusuf against his will?” The ladies said, “Allah preserve us! We do not any evil against him!” Said the Aziz’s wife, “ So that everyone know the truth. It was me who sought to seduce him against his will: he is indeed of those who are always true and virtuous.” “This I say in order that he may know that I have never been false to him in his absence, and that Allah will never guide the snare of the false ones. Nor do I absolve myself from the blame: the human soul is certainly prone to evil, unless my Lord bestows His Mercy: but surely my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”* (Quran: 12/50-53)*Some of the commentators have stated that Prophet Yusuf (AS) was ensuring for his master,Aziz, to be made aware that Prophet Yusuf (AS) had always been loyal and faithful to him. Hehad never betrayed his trust. There are other commentators who believe that by making thisstatement in an open court, Zulaikha was declaring her love and devotion towards Prophet Yusuf(AS). At the same time, she was advocating the Islamic belief that Allah (SWT) Will Forgive thesins or the evil intentions if one turns to Him sincerely. The fate of Zulaikha has not beenmentioned any more than what is known thus far. However there are legends which say: She married Prophet Yusuf (AS) and it was discovered that she was still a virgin, forAziz was an old man. She abandoned her palace and wandered away aimlessly in Egypt. The king declared to Prophet Yusuf (AS) that he had been proven innocent of all that wasleveled against him and ordered that he appear before the king to meet him in person. Theinterpretation and the suggested proposals were convincing evidence that Prophet Yusuf (AS)would be an added asset in his court. When Prophet Yusuf (AS) appeared before the king, headdressed him in his own Egyptian dialect. Prophet Yusuf (AS) surprised him by answering inthe Egyptian dialect in a highly cultured and refined manner. The king desired that ProphetYusuf (AS) elaborate his suggestions about the dream. Prophet Yusuf (AS) advised that in order to avoid shortage of food during the subsequentseven-years of famine it was necessary that measures be taken to save it during the seven-yearsof abundances. Egypt will not be the only country to be hit with the famine but the surroundingnations will also be affected. Prophet Yusuf (AS) was offered a high position as the controller of the granaries. Hewould safeguard the national harvest and plan for the famine years. Allah (SWT) had Designedthis position to enlarge the exposure of Prophet Yusuf (AS) to the wider areas, so Prophet Yusuf(AS) could work as His Messenger.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 77’ÎoΤÎ) ( Úö‘F{$# È⎦É⎩!#t“yz 4’n?ã ©Í_ù=yèô_$# Α$s% ∩∈⊆∪ ×⎦⎫ÏΒr& î⎦⎫Å3tΒ $uΖ÷ƒt$s! tΠöθu‹ø9$# y7¨ΡÎ) tΑ$s% …çμyϑ¯=x. $£ϑn=sù ( ©Å¤øuΖÏ9 çμóÁÎ=÷‚tGó™r& ÿ⎯ÏμÎ/ ’ÎΤθçGø$# à7Î=yϑø9$# tΑ$s%uρ Ç t t∩∈∉∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# tô_r& ßì‹ÅÒçΡ Ÿωρ ( â™!$t±®Σ ⎯tΒ $uΖÏFuΗ÷qtÎ/ Ü=ŠÅÁçΡ 4 â™!$t±o„ ß]ø‹ym $pκ÷]ÏΒ é&§θt6tGtƒ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû y#ß™θã‹Ï9 $¨Ψ©3tΒ y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ ∩∈∈∪ ÒΟŠÎ=tæ îáŠÏym u ∩∈∠∪ tβθà)−Gtƒ (#θçΡ%x.uρ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©#Ïj9 ×öz ÍοtÅzFψ$# ãô_V{uρ y So the king said: “Bring him to me: I will take him specially to serve about my own person.” Therefore when he had spoken to him, he said, “Be assured this day, you are before our own presence, with rank firmly established, and fidelity fully proved!” Yusuf said, “ Set me over the store-houses of the land: I will indeed guard them, as one that knows their importance.” Thus We gave established power to Yusuf in the land, to take possession therein as, when, where he pleased. We bestow of Our mercy on whom We please, and We suffer not, to be lost, the reward of those who do good. But verily the reward of the Hereafter is the best, for those who believe, and are in constant righteousness. (Quran: 12/54-57) During the seven years of abundance of agriculture, Prophet Yusuf (AS) hadimplemented and set in motion the mechanisms of better cultivation, higher harvest yields, andimproved storage to preserve the grain and the foods. As prophesized by Prophet Yusuf (AS)and anticipated by those who had knowledge of the king’s dream, the following seven years offamine struck all areas surrounding Egypt. Prophet Yusuf’s (AS) homeland of Canaan was alsoaffected. Prophet Yusuf (AS) advised the King of Egypt to sell some part of his blessed bounty at afair price to the surrounding nations. This act would help those who were in dire need of food. Atthe same time, it would be recognized by all the surrounding nations that Egypt’s king was trulya generous king. The king agreed, and the good news about the availability of food in Egyptspread all over the surrounding nations. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) sent all his sons, except Benjamin,to Egypt to purchase the necessary foods. Because they were moving as a unified group andspeaking only the language of Canaanites, the news of their entry into the food market of Egyptwas made known to Prophet Yusuf (AS). Everybody knew that originally he was from Canaan.This group of Canaanites was summoned to the court of Prophet Yusuf (AS). Prophet Yusuf(AS) immediately recognized his brothers but they did not recognize him! After all, they knewthat they had dumped their brother in a deep well, in a far-away land. Prophet Yusuf (AS) greeted them hospitably. He asked them about their homeland andtheir family background. They replied, “We are eleven brothers, the children of a noble prophet.The youngest is at home tending to the needs of our aging father.” Prophet Yusuf (AS) wasovercome with emotion upon hearing the condition of his father and his youngest brother,Benjamin, who had always been his playmate. He asked them, “Are you telling the truth?” Perturbed, they replied, “What reason should we have to tell anything but truth?” Prophet Yusuf (AS) offered, “If what you say is the truth, bring your brother as a proof. Iwill reward you with double the quantities of the rations of your need. But if you do not bringhim to me, it would be better for you if, you do not come back!” They assured him that they would be happy to fulfill his command, if their fatherpermitted them to bring their youngest brother to his court. Prophet Yusuf (AS) had instructedhis servants to return the money paid for the food. However, it should be concealed in the food ina manner, that it could only be discovered, when they reached their homes and when every thingwas taken out of the sacks.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 78Ÿω& 4 öΝä3‹Î/r& ô⎯ÏiΒ Νä3©9 8ˆÎ/ ’ÎΤθçGø$# Α$s% öΝÏδΗ$yγpg¿2 Νèδt“£γy_ $£ϑs9uρ ∩∈∇∪ tβρãÅ3ΖãΒ …çμs9 öΝèδuρ óΟßγsùtyèsù Ïμø‹n=tã (#θè=yzy‰sù y#ß™θムäοuθ÷zÎ) u™!$y_uρ r r t$¯ΡÎ)uρ çν$t/r& çμ÷Ψtã ߊÍρ≡uã∴y™ (#θä9$s% ∩∉⊃∪ Èβθç/tø)s? Ÿωuρ “ωΖÏã öΝä3s9 Ÿ≅ø‹x. Ÿξsù ⎯ÏμÎ/ ’ÎΤθè?ùs? óΟ©9 βÎ*sù ∩∈®∪ t⎦,Î!Í”∴ßϑø9$# çöyz O$tΡr&uρ Ÿ≅ø‹s3ø9$# ’Îûρé& þ’ÎoΤr& šχ÷ρts? ∩∉⊄∪ šχθãèÅ_ötƒ óΟßγ¯=yès9 óΟÎγÎ=÷δr& #’n<Î) (#þθç7n=s)Ρ$# #sŒÎ) !$pκtΞθèùÌ÷èƒ óΟßγ¯=yès9 öΝÏλÎ;%tnÍ‘ ’Îû öΝåκtJyè≈ŸÒÎ/ (#θè=yèô_$# ÏμÏΨ≈uŠ÷GÏÏ9 tΑ$s%uρ ∩∉⊇∪ tβθè=Ïè≈xs9 t Then came Yusuf’s brethren: they entered his presence, and he knew them but they did not know him. And when he had furnished them with all their needs of the provisions, he said to them, “Bring to me a brother you have of the same father, as yourselves, but of a different mother. You agree that I have provided you, with full measure and the best hospitality. Now if you do not bring him to me, you shall have no measure of corn from me nor you shall even come near me.” They said, “We shall certainly seek to get our wish about him from his father: indeed we shall do it.” And Yusuf told his servants to put their stock-in-trade, with which they had bartered, into their saddle-bags, so they should know it only when they returned to their people, in order that they might come back. (Quran: 12/58-62) The brothers returned to their home in Canaan, and instead of offering customarypleasant greetings to their father, Prophet Yaqoob (AS), they rebuked him by saying that part oftheir food entitlement was withheld from them, because Prophet Yaqoob (AS) had not allowedtheir brother Benjamin to join them for the food procurement. The food was being distributedbased on head counts and was not allowed for the absentees. They said, “Why wouldn’t you entrust him with us? Please let him go with us. We willtake care of him.” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) replied, “I will not permit Benjamin to travel with you. I will notpart with him, for I entrusted you with Yusuf and you failed me.” However, when the food sacks were unloaded and examined, they were surprised to findthat their money packets had been returned to them. They showed it to their father, “Look,father! This is the proof of sincerity of the noble official. He will not harm our brother or us.Besides this will only help us.” Prophet Yaqoob adamantly refused to send Benjamin with them. When the Egyptian food was almost gone, and as yet, the drought had intensified aroundtheir area, Prophet Yaqoob (AS) requested his sons make another trip to Egypt and procure theessential food. The sons reminded their father, about the warning from the Egyptian official,whereby they had been told not to return to Egypt without Benjamin. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) wasdesperate for the food for his community and for his family. Very reluctantly, he agreed to letBenjamin go with them. He did, however, let his feelings be made known to them, “I will notsend him with you unless you give me a pledge in Allah’s name that you shall bring him back tome as safely as you take him.” All the brothers gave their solemn pledge in the name of Allah, Prophet Yaqoob (AS)advised his sons to enter the city through different gates.šχ÷ρs? Ÿωr& 4 öΝä3‹Î/r& ô⎯ÏiΒ Νä3©9 8ˆrÎ/ ’ÎΤθçGø$# tΑ$s% öΝÏδΗ$yγpg¿2 Νèδt“£γy_ $£ϑs9uρ ∩∈∇∪ βρãÅ3ΖãΒ …çμs9 öΝèδuρ óΟßγsùtyèsù Ïμø‹n=tã (#θè=yz‰sù y#ß™θムäοuθ÷zÎ) u™!$y_uρ t t yβθè=Ïè≈xs9 $¯ΡÎ)uρ çν$t/r& çμ÷Ψtã ߊÍρ≡uã∴y™ (#θä9$s% ∩∉⊃∪ Èβθç/tø)s? Ÿωuρ “ωΖÏã öΝä3s9 Ÿ≅ø‹x. Ÿξsù ⎯ÏμÎ/ ’ÎΤθè?ùs? óΟ©9 βÎ*sù ∩∈®∪ t⎦,Î!Í”∴ßϑø9$# çöyz O$tΡr&uρ Ÿ≅ø‹s3ø9$# ’Îûρé& þ’ÎoΤr&t ∩∉⊄∪ šχθãèÅ_ötƒ óΟßγ¯=ès9 óΟÎγÎ=÷δr& #’n<Î) (#þθç7n=s)Ρ$# #sŒÎ) !$pκtΞθèùÌ÷ètƒ óΟßγ¯=yès9 öΝÏλÎ;%tnÍ‘ ’Îû öΝåκtJyè≈ŸÒÎ/ (#θè=yèô_$# ÏμÏΨ≈uŠ÷GÏÏ9 tΑ$s%uρ ∩∉⊇∪ y Now when they returned to their father, they said, “O our father! No measure of grain shall we get unless we take our brother: so send our brother with us, that they may get our measure; and we will indeed take every care of him.” He said, “ Shall I trust you with him
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 79 with any result other than when I trusted you with his brother aforetime? But Allah is the best to take care of him, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy!” Then when they opened their baggage, they found their stock-in-trade had been returned to them. They said, “O our father! What more can we desire? This our stock-in-trade has been returned to us: we shall get more food for our family; we shall take care of our brother, and add at the same time a full camel’s load of grain to our provisions. This is but a small quantity.” Yaqoob said, “ Never will I send him with you until you swear a solemn oath to me, in Allah’s name, that you will be sure to bring him back to me unless you are yourselves hemmed in and made powerless. And when they had sworn their solemn oath, he said: “Over all that we say, be Allah the Witness and Guardian!” Further he said: “O my sons! Enter not all by one gate: you enter by different gates. Not that I can profit you anything against Allah with my advice: none can command except Allah: on Him do I put my trust: and let all that trust put their trust on Him.” (Quran: 12/63-67) Prophet Yaqoob (AS) blessed them on their departure and prayed to Allah (SWT) fortheir protection. The brothers traveled speedily towards Egypt taking exceptionally good care ofBenjamin. Upon reaching Egypt, the brothers entered through various gates as their father hadinstructed them. They presented themselves to Prophet Yusuf (AS), who resisted a very strongtemptation to pick up and hug Benjamin. He ordered a feast for them and seated them in pairs. Prophet Yusuf (AS) arranged to sitnext to Benjamin, and found him sighing deeply. Prophet Yusuf (AS) asked Benjamin the reasonfor his deep sighs. Benjamin replied that his brother Yusuf, who had been lost for a long time,would have occupied that particular seat if he had been among them. He sighed again. It was arranged that while the brothers would go to the granaries to order their foodrequirements, Benjamin would be left with Prophet Yusuf (AS). When both of them were alone,Prophet Yusuf (AS) asked Benjamin if he would accept to have him as his brother. Benjaminreplied respectfully that he regarded his host to be a wonderful person, but he could never takethe place of his long lost brother. Overcome with uncontrollable emotions, Prophet Yusuf (AS) broke down and said, “Myloving brother, I am the brother who was lost to you, and whose name you are constantlyrepeating. Fate has brought us together again. This is Allah’s Favor upon us. But let it be a secretbetween us for the time being. I will arrange for you to stay with me without the other brothersknowing about it.” The next day Prophet Yusuf (AS) ordered his trusted attendant to secretly hide the king’sgold cup in Benjamin’s saddlebag. After everything had been loaded and the camels made readyfor departure, the main gate was slammed shut and locked upon them. The court crier shouted,“O you travelers, you are thieves!” This was an unusual event, and everybody gathered aroundthe brothers. “Why did you call us thieves? What have you lost?’ The brothers inquired. An officer replied, “The king’s gold cup is missing. It was last used for you!” The brothers replied, “We have not come here to corrupt the land or to steal from you.” This officer had been trained and secretly briefed to ask specific questions, “What is thepunishment for a thief in your laws?” The brothers replied, “Our law states that whoever steals and is caught, must become theslave to the owner of the stolen property.” The officer agreed, “We shall apply your law instead of the Egyptian law!” The officer ordered his soldiers to search the caravan. Prophet Yusuf (AS) was observingfrom his vantage point. In accordance with the plan, Benjamin’s bag was to be examined last.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 80 The brother’s bag yielded nothing; so they sighed with relief. When they approached forBenjamin’s the bag, Prophet Yusuf (AS) pretended to offer his help, and told them that they neednot search the bag as he did not look like a thief. However, the brothers were adamant anddeclared that they will not depart under a cloud of suspicion and the last bag must also besearched. They were the sons of a noble man of God and not thieves! The officer opened the bag and pulled out the king’s gold cup. The brothers exclaimed,“If he steals, also a brother of his had stolen before!” These brothers were now demeaning thechildren of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) because they were born from their step-mother. Prophet Yusuf(AS) was amazed to learn about their resentment against his side of the family. He was a patientperson. Everybody was stunned at the remarks and was silent to hear the pronouncement from theside of Prophet Yusuf (AS). He ordered that Benjamin be detained while the brothers depart withtheir food. Now the brothers remembered their oath to their father, made in the name of Allah, tobring back their brother Benjamin. They began to beg for mercy from Prophet Yusuf (AS) andoffered to exchange one of them as the slave-prisoner instead of Benjamin. They pleaded thattheir father was very old and the shock of loosing Benjamin would seriously harm him. ProphetYusuf (AS) asked them, “Why do you want to set free the one who has stolen the king’s cup, andlet his place be taken by another? No! It would be sinful!” The brothers continued pleading for mercy, but the officer maintained that the stipulatedlaw would be applied:5Οù=Ïæ ρä%s! …çμ¯ΡÎ)uρ 4 $yγ9ŸÒs% z>θà)÷ètƒ ħøtΡ ’Îû Zπy_%tn ωÎ) >™ó©x« ⎯ÏΒ «!$# z⎯ÏiΒ Οßγ÷Ζtã ©Í_øóムšχ%Ÿ2 $¨Β Νèδθç/r& öΝèδttΒr& ß]ø‹ym ô⎯ÏΒ (#θè=yzyŠ $£ϑs9uρ$yϑÎ/ ó§Í≥tFö;s? Ÿξsù x8θäzr& O$tΡr& þ’ÎoΤÎ) tΑ$s% ( çν$yzr& Ïμø‹s9Î) #”uρ#u™ y#ß™θム4’n?tã (#θè=yzyŠ $£ϑs9uρ ∩∉∇∪ šχθßϑn=ôètƒ Ÿω Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# usYò2r& £⎯Å3≈s9uρ çμ≈oΨôϑ¯=tæ $yϑÏj9(#θä9$s% ∩∠⊃∪ tβθè%Ì≈|¡s9 öΝä3¯ΡÎ) çÏèø9$# $yγçF−ƒr& îβÏiŒxσãΒ tβ©Œr& §ΝèO Ïμ‹Åzr& È≅ômu‘ ’Îû sπtƒ$s)Åb¡9$# Ÿ≅yèy_ öΝÏδΗ$yγpg¿2 Νèδt“£γy_ $£ϑn=sù ∩∉®∪ šχθè=yϑ÷ètƒ (#θçΡ$Ÿ2$¨Β ΟçFôϑÎ=tæ ô‰s)s9 «!$$s? (#θä9$s% ∩∠⊄∪ ÒΟŠÏãy— ⎯ÏμÎ/ O$tΡr&uρ 9Ïèt/ ã≅÷Η¿q ⎯ÏμÎ/ u™!%` ⎯yϑÏ9uρ Å7Î=yϑø9$# tí#uθß¹ ߉É)øtΡ (#θä9$s% ∩∠⊇∪ šχρ߉É)øs? #sŒ$¨Β ΟÎγøŠn=tæ (#θè=t6ø%r&uρ y…çνäτℜt“y_ uθßγsù ⎯Ï&Î#ômu‘ ’Îû y‰É`ãρ ⎯tΒ …çνäτℜt“y_ (#θä9$s% ∩∠⊆∪ t⎦⎫Î/É‹≈Ÿ2 óΟçGΖä. βÎ) ÿ…çνäτℜt“y_ $yϑsù (#θä9$s% ∩∠⊂∪ t⎦⎫Ï%Ì≈y™ $¨Ζä. $tΒuρ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû y‰Å¡øãΖÏ9 $uΖ÷∞Å_tβ%x. $tΒ ( y#ß™θã‹Ï9 $tΡô‰Ï. šÏ9≡x‹x. 4 Ïμ‹Åzr& Ï™!%tæÍρ ⎯ÏΒ $yγy_t÷‚tGó™$# §ΝèO Ïμ‹Åzr& Ï™!%tæÍρ Ÿ≅ö6s% óΟÎγÏGu‹Ïã÷ρrÎ/ r&y‰t6sù ∩∠∈∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$# “Ì“øgwΥ y7Ï9≡x‹x. 4Óˆr& s−ty™ ô‰s)sù ø−Ìó¡o„ βÎ) (#þθä9$s% * ∩∠∉∪ ÒΟŠÎ=tæ AΟù=Ïæ “ÏŒ Èe≅à2 s−öθsùuρ 3 â™!$t±®Σ ⎯¨Β ;M≈y_u‘yŠ ßìsùötΡ 4 ª!$# u™!$t±o„ βr& HωÎ) Å7Î=yϑø9$# È⎦⎪ÏŠ ’Îû çν$yzr& x‹è{ùuŠÏ9¨βÎ) Ⓝ͓yèø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ (#θä9$s% ∩∠∠∪ šχθàÅÁs? $yϑÎ/ ãΝn=ôãr& ª!$#uρ ( $ZΡ%x6¨Β @x© óΟçFΡr& tΑ$s% 4 óΟßγs9 $yδωö6ムöΝs9uρ ⎯ÏμÅ¡øtΡ ’Îû ß#ß™θム$yδ§y™rsù 4 ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ …ã&©!!$¯ΡÎ) ÿ…çνy‰ΨÏã $oΨyè≈tFtΒ $tΡô‰y`ρ ⎯tΒ ωÎ) x‹è{ù¯Ρ βr& «!$# sŒ$yètΒ tΑ$s% ∩∠∇∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ y71ttΡ $¯ΡÎ) ( ÿ…çμtΡ%x6tΒ $tΡy‰tnr& õ‹ã‚sù #ZÎ6x. $V‚ø‹x© $/r& ÿ…ã&s! uã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒuρ «!$# z⎯ÏiΒ $Z)ÏOöθ¨Β Νä3ø‹n=tæ x‹yzr& ô‰s% öΝä.$t/r& χr& (#þθßϑn=÷ès? öΝs9r& öΝèδçÎ7Ÿ2 tΑ$s% ( $wŠÅgwΥ (#θÝÁn=yz çμ÷ΨÏΒ (#θÝ¡t↔øŠtFó™$# $£ϑn=sù ∩∠®∪ šχθßϑÎ=≈sà©9 #]ŒÎ) ∩∇⊃∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÅ3≈ptø:$# çöyz uθèδuρ ( ’Í< ª!$# zΝä3øts† ÷ρr& þ’Î1r& þ’Í< tβsŒùtƒ 4©®Lym uÚö‘F{$# yytö/r& ô⎯n=sù ( y#ß™θム’Îû óΟçFÛ§sù $tΒ And when they entered in the manner their father had enjoined, it did Not profit them in the least against the Plan of Allah: it was but a Necessity of Yaqoob’s soul, which he discharged. For he was, by Our Instruction, full of knowledge and experience: but most men do not Know. Now when they came into Yusuf’s presence, he received his full Brother to stay with him. He said to him: “ Behold! I am your own Brother, so do not grieve at anything of their doings.” At length when he has furnished them forth with suitable provisions For them, he
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 81 put the drinking cup into his brother’s saddlebag. Then Shouted out a Crier: “O you in the Caravan! Behold! You are thieves, Without doubt!” The brothers said, turning toward them, “What is it that you miss?” The Egyptians said, “We miss the great beaker of the king; for him who produces it, will have a camel load as the reward. I will be bound by it.” The brothers said: “By Allah! You know well that we did not come to make mischief in the land, and we are no thieves!” The Egyptians said, “What will be penalty of this if you are proved to have lied?” The brothers said: “The penalty should be that he in whose saddle-bag it is found, would be held as slave to atone for the crime. Thus it is we punish the wrongdoers!” So he began the search of their baggage, before he came to the baggage of his brother: at length he brought it out of his brother’s baggage. Thus did We plan for Yusuf. He could not take his brother by the law of the King except that Allah Willed it so. We raise to degrees of wisdom whom We please: but over all endued with knowledge is One, the All-Knowing. The brothers said, “If he steals, there was a brother of his who stole before him.” But these things kept Yusuf locked in his heart, without revealing any secrets to them. He simply said to himself, “You are the worst situated; and Allah knows best the truth of what you assert!” The brothers said, “O exalted one! Behold! He has a father aged and venerable, who will grieve for him. So take one of us in his place; for we see that you are gracious in doing good.” He said, “Allah forbid that we take other than him with whom we found Our property: indeed if we did so we should be acting wrongfully.” Now when they saw no hope of his yielding, they held a conference in private. The leader among them said, “ Don’t you know that your father took an oath from you in Allah’s name, and how, before this you failed in your duty with Yusuf? Therefore I will not leave this land until my father permits me, or Allah commands me; and He is the best to command. (Quran: 12/68-80) When the brothers learned that they could not prevail over this issue and must surrendertheir brother Benjamin to the Egyptian authorities, they decided to return home and facewhatever was in store for them from their father. However, Judah decided to stay back and watchthe developments in the case of Benjamin. As the eldest brother, he felt more guilt and knew thathe could not fairly face his father. He wanted to be around in case Benjamin needed immediatehelp. His brothers left for Canaan with the provisions to inform their father about theseaccusations and charges against Benjamin. Benjamin was taken into the personal custody ofProphet Yusuf (AS) and stayed with him in his palace. Judah had rented a place to stay in Egypt.Prophet Yusuf (AS) knew that Judah was a good-hearted person who had been swayed by hisyounger brothers. He was glad that it was Judah who had opted to remain near Benjamin.Prophet Yusuf (AS) had secretly arranged with his agents to provide Judah with all the amenitiesnecessary to live in Egypt. Prophet Yusuf (AS) had put to test the sincerity and loyalty of thebrothers with Judah and Benjamin. When the brothers arrived home, they called upon their father and said, “O our father!Your son has stolen!” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was confounded at the news, hardly believing it, yethe was patient, and cried in prayers to Allah (SWT), “Patience be with me; perhaps Allah willreturn all of them to me. He is Most Knowing, Most Wise.”©ÉL©9$# sπƒös)ø9$# È≅t↔ó™uρ ∩∇⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏàÏ≈ym É=ø‹tóù=Ï9 $¨Ζà2 $tΒρ $uΖôϑÎ=tæ $yϑÎ/ ωÎ) !$tΡô‰Íκy− $tΒuρ s−ty™ y7Ζö/$# χÎ) !$tΡ$t/r¯≈tƒ (#θä9θà)sù öΝä3‹Î/r& #’n<Î) (#þθãèÅ_ö‘$# t u uóΟÎγÎ/ ©Í_u‹Ï?ùtƒ βr& ª!$# ©|¤tã ( î≅ŠÏΗsd ×ö9|Áù ( #XöΔ& öΝä3Ý¡àΡr& öΝä3s9 ôMs9§θy™ ö≅t/ tΑ$s% ∩∇⊄∪ šχθè%ω≈|Ás9 $¯ΡÎ)uρ ( $pκÏù $uΖù=t6ø%r& û©ÉL©9$# uÏèø9$#uρ $pκÏù $¨Ζà2 s r ∩∇⊆∪ ÒΟŠÏà. uθßγsù Èβ÷“ßsø9$# š∅ÏΒ çν$uΖøŠtã ôMÒu‹ö/$#uρ y#ß™θム4’n?tã 4’s∀y™r¯≈tƒ tΑ$s%ρ öΝåκ÷]tã 4’¯<uθs?uρ ∩∇⊂∪ ÞΟŠÅ6ysø9$# ÞΟŠÎ=yèø9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 $·èŠÏΗsd x u You turn back to your father and say, “O our father! Behold! Your son committed theft! We bear witness only to what we know, and we could not well guard against the unseen! Ask at the town where we have been and the caravan in which we returned, and you will find that we
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 82 are indeed telling the truth.” Yaqoob said, “ Nay but you have yourselves contrived a good enough Story for you. So patience is most fitting for me. Maybe Allah will Bring all of them back to me in the end. For He is indeed Full of Knowledge and Wisdom.” And he turned away from them, and said, “How great is my grief for Yusuf!” And his eyes became white with sorrow, and he fell into silent melancholy. (Quran: 12/81-84) Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was deeply hurt; and knew that only the prayers could console himand help him in patience. He had wept all these years for the loss of his beloved son, Yusuf, andnow fate had separated him from both of his two most favorite sons. His weeping nearly costhim his eyesight. His sons asked him, “O father! You are a noble prophet and a great messenger of Allah.Unto you descended revelations and people received their guidance and renewed their faith fromyou. Why are you destroying yourself by constantly weeping?” Prophet Yaqoob (AS) replied, “Your questioning me does not lessen my grief. Only thereturn of my sons will comfort me. My sons go in search of Yusuf and his brothers; Do not giveup hope of Allah’s mercy.”ãΝn=ôã&uρ «!$# ’n<Î) þ’ÎΤ÷“ãmuρ ©Éot/ (#θä3ô©r& !$yϑ¯ΡÎ) Α$s% ∩∇∈∪ š⎥⎫Å3Î=≈yγø9$# š∅ÏΒ tβθä3s? ÷ρr& $·Êtym šχθä3s? 4©®Lym y#ß™θムãà2õ‹s? (#àσtGøs? «!$$s? (#θä9$s% r tωÎ) «!$# Çy÷ρ§‘ ⎯ÏΒ ß§↔÷ƒ($tƒ Ÿω …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( «!$# Çy÷ρ§‘ ⎯ÏΒ (#θÝ¡t↔÷ƒ($s? Ÿωρ ÏμŠÅzr&uρ y#ß™θム⎯ÏΒ (#θÝ¡¡¡stFsù (#θç7yδøŒ$# ¢©Í_t7≈tƒ ∩∇∉∪ šχθßϑn=÷ès? Ÿω $tΒ «!$# š∅ÏΒ t u y ∩∇∠∪ tβρãÏ≈s3ø9$# ãΠöθs)ø9$# They said, “By Allah! Never will you cease to remember Yusuf until you reach the last extremity of illness or until you die!” He said, “I only complain of my distraction and anguish to Allah, and I know from Allah that which you do not know. O my sons! You go and enquire about Yusuf and his brother, and never give up hope of Allah’s soothing Mercy, except those who have no faith.” (Quran: 12/85-87) The brothers prepared another caravan to travel to Egypt with a resolve to presentthemselves in the court of the chief minister, Prophet Yusuf (AS), and plead for his mercy inreleasing their brother, Benjamin. Their father was weakening and turning blind, and they couldnot bear to see his deterioration. Upon reaching Egypt, they joined Judah and all of themcollectively went to Prophet Yusuf (AS) and pleaded their case,“Ì“øg† ©!$# ¨βÎ) ( !$uΖøŠ=tã ø−£‰Á?uρ Ÿ≅ø‹s3ø9$# $uΖs9 Å∃÷ρrsù 7π8y_÷“•Β 7πyè≈ŸÒÎ7Î/ $uΖ÷∞Å_uρ •‘Ø9$# $uΖ=÷δr&uρ $uΖ¡¡tΒ â“ƒÍ“yèø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ (#θä9$s% Ïμø‹n=tã (#θè=yzyŠ $£ϑn=sù s n | s n ∩∇∇∪ š⎥⎫Ï%Ïd‰|ÁtFßϑø9$# Then when they came back into Yusuf’s presence they said, “O exalted one! Distress has seized us and our family: we have now brought but scanty capital: so pay us full measure, we pray to you, and treat it as charity to us: for Allah rewards the charitable.” (Quran: 12/88) They used every word or phrase that reflected they were in need of charity andexpounded on the rewards paid by Allah (SWT) to the charity-givers. Prophet Yusuf (AS) nowaddressed them in their own Canaanite language:
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 83ª!$#  ∅Β ô‰% ( ©År& !#x‹≈yδρ ß#ß™θムO$tΡr& tΑ$s% ( ß#ß™θム|MΡV{ y7¯ΡÏ™r& (#þθä9$s% ∩∇®∪ šχθè=Îγ≈y_ óΟçFΡr& øŒÎ) Ïμ‹Åzr&uρ y#ß™θã‹Î/ Λä⎢ù=yèsù $¨Β Λä⎢ôϑÎ=tæ ö≅yδ tΑ$s% t s u∩®⊇∪ š⎥⎫Ï↔ÏÜ≈y‚s9 $¨Ζà2 βÎ)uρ $uΖøŠn=tã ª!$# x8trO#u™ ô‰s)s9 «!$$s? (#θä9$s% ∩®⊃∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# tô_r& ßì‹ÅÒムŸω ©!$#  χÎ*sù ÷É9óÁtƒuρ È,−Gtƒ ⎯tΒ …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( !$uΖøŠn=tã#ZÅÁt/ ÏNùtƒ ’Î1& Ïμô_ρ 4’n?ã çνθà)ø9rsù #x‹≈yδ ©Å‹Ïϑs)Î/ (#θç7yδøŒ$# ∩®⊄∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÏm≡§9$# ãΝmö‘r& uθèδuρ ( öΝä3s9 ª!$# ãÏøótƒ ( tΠöθu‹ø9$# ãΝä3ø‹n=tæ |=ƒÎøYs? Ÿω tΑ$s% r u t y ∩®⊂∪ š⎥⎫Ïèyϑô_r& öΝà6Î=÷δrÎ/ †ÎΤθè?ù&uρ He said, “Do you know what you did with Yusuf and his brother, not knowing what you were doing?” They said, “Are you indeed Yusuf?” He said, “I am Yusuf, and this is my brother: Allah has indeed been gracious to us all. Behold, he that is righteous and patient, never will Allah suffer the reward to be lost, of those who do right.” They said, By Allah! Indeed Allah has preferred you above us, and we certainly have been guilty of sin!” He said, “This day let no reproach be cast on you: Allah will forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy! Go with this my shirt, and cast it over the face of my father: he will come to see clearly. Then you come here to me together with all your family.” (Quran: 12/89-93) Prophet Yusuf (AS) decided to reveal himself and told all the brothers that he was noneother than their brother, Yusuf, whom they had dumped and abandoned in the well. All thebrothers went into prostration and pleaded for his forgiveness and his mercy for their pastfoolishness. The brothers confessed that Satan had overcome their sanity. Prophet Yusuf (AS)was pleased that his brothers had realized their waywardness and were willing to submitthemselves to the righteous way towards Allah (SWT). The reunion of the brothers was celebrated with festivities and prayers of thanks to Allah(SWT). The return caravan was again loaded with the much-needed food and grains to bedistributed among the poorest of Canaan. The brothers were happy that they were forgiven byProphet Yusuf (AS) and that their father, Prophet Yaqoob (AS), would be extremely pleasedwith the news of the status of Prophet Yusuf (AS), both as the chief minister of Egypt and also asthe appointed Prophet of Allah (SWT). Prophet Yusuf (AS) gave his shirt to his brothers andasked them to rub the shirt on the eyes of Prophet Yaqoob (AS). His eyesight would improve sohe could travel with his family to Egypt. The caravan of the brothers, loaded with food and grain for Canaan, had not even reachedthe outskirts of the land of Prophet Yaqoob (AS) when all of a sudden the family members sawhim come out his room, fully dressed and sniffing the air around him. He was looking towardsHeaven. The wives of his sons were surprised at his behavior and asked him, “How do you feeltoday?” He replied, “I can smell Yusuf in the air.” The women ignored his statement and thought that he was on the verge of collapsingfrom thinking about Yusuf. When the caravan entered his domain, he was gesticulating, praying, and weeping.βr& !$£ϑn=sù ∩®∈∪ ÉΟƒÏ‰s)ø9$# šÎ=≈n=|Ê ’Å∀s9 y7¨ΡÎ) «!$$s? (#θä9$s% ∩®⊆∪ Èβρ߉ÏiΖxè? βr& Iωöθs9 ( y#ß™θムyxƒÍ‘ ߉Å_V{ ’ÎoΤÎ) öΝèδθç/r& š^$s% çÏèø9$# ÏMn=|Ásù $£ϑs9uρ$uΖs9 öÏøótGó™$# $tΡ$t/r¯≈tƒ (#θä9$s% ∩®∉∪ šχθßϑn=÷ès? Ÿω $tΒ «!$# z⎯ÏΒ ãΝn=÷ær& þ’ÎoΤÎ) öΝà6©9 ≅è%r& öΝs9r& tΑ$s% ( #ZÅÁt/ £‰s?ö‘$$sù ⎯ÏμÎγô_uρ 4’n?tã çμ9s)ø9r& çϱt6ø9$# u™!%y` ∩®∇∪ ÞΟŠÏm§9$# â‘θàtóø9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( þ’În1u‘ öΝä3s9 ãÏøótGó™r& š’ôθy™ tΑ$s% ∩®∠∪ t⎦⎫Ï↔ÏÜ≈yz $¨Ζä. $¯ΡÎ) !$uΖt/θçΡèŒ
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 84 When the Caravan left Egypt, their father said, “I do indeed scent the presence of Yusuf: nay, think me not a dotard.” They said, “By Allah! Truly you are in your old wandering mind. ”Then when the bearer of the good news came, he cast the shirt over his face, and he forthwith regained clear sight. He said, “Did I not say to you, ‘I know from Allah that which you do not know?” They said, “O our father! Ask for us forgiveness for our sins, for we are truly at fault.” He said, “Soon will I ask my Lord for forgiveness for you: for He is Indeed Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Quran: 12/94-98) When the fully laden caravan arrived home, all the brothers were excited to tell ProphetYaqoob (AS) the best news that he had ever heard in years. Prophet Yaqoob (AS) was cryingwith joy and thanks to Allah (SWT) for all the blessings showered upon him. As soon as herubbed the shirt of Prophet Yusuf (AS) over his face, his eyesight was restored. More importantfor him was the scent of his son, which was emanating from the shirt. He became anxious andcould not wait to travel to Egypt. Prophet Yaqoob (AS), his sons, their wives and their families traveled to Egypt. Uponentering the court of Prophet Yusuf (AS), they all prostrated before him in respect of the rankthat had been bestowed upon him by the Mercy of Allah (SWT). This final act was theconclusion of the vision he had dreamed-of in his childhood, the trials of his patience and hisperseverance towards the right path of Allah (SWT).tΑ$s%uρ ( #Y‰£∨ß™ …çμs9 (#ρ”yzuρ ĸöyèø9$# ’n?tã Ïμ÷ƒuθt/r& yìsùu‘uρ ∩®®∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ#u™ ª!$# u™!$x© βÎ) uóÇÏΒ (#θè=äz÷Š$# tΑ$s%uρ Ïμ÷ƒuθt/r& Ïμø‹s9Î) #“uρ#u™ y#ß™θム4’n?tã (#θè=yzyŠ $£ϑn=sùβr& ω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ Íρô‰t7ø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ Νä3Î/ u™!%y`ρ ⎯ÏΒ zÇ⎯ôfÅb¡9$# ©Í_y_t÷zr& øŒÎ) þ’Î1 z⎯|¡ômr& ô‰s%uρ ( $y)ym ’În1u‘ $yγn=yèy_ ô‰s% ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ }‘≈tƒö™â‘ ã≅ƒÍρùs? #x‹≈yδ ÏMt/r¯≈tƒ u⎯ÏΒ ©Í_tFôϑ¯=tãuρ Å7ù=ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ©Í_tF÷s?#u™ ô‰s% Éb>u‘ * ∩⊇⊃⊃∪ ãΛ⎧Å3ptø:$# ÞΟŠÎ=yèø9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 â™!$t±o„ $yϑÏj9 ×#‹ÏÜs9 ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 þ†ÎAuθ÷zÎ) t⎦÷⎫t/uρ ©Í_ø‹t/ ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# søt“¯Ρ ∩⊇⊃⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎ=≈¢Á9$$Î/ ©Í_ø)Åsø9r&uρ $VϑÎ=ó¡ãΒ ©Í_©ùuθs? ( ÍοtÅzFψ$#uρ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# ’Îû ⎯Çc’Í<uρ |MΡr& ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# tÏÛ$sù 4 Ï]ƒÏŠ%tnF{$# È≅ƒÍρùs? Then when they entered the presence of Yusuf, he provided a home for his parents with himself, and said, “You enter Egypt all in safety if it please Allah.” And he raised his parents high on the throne of dignity, and they fell down in prostration, all before him. He said, “O my father! This is the fulfillment of my vision of old! Allah Has made it come true! He was indeed good to me when He took me out of prison and brought you all here out of the desert, even after the Satan had sown enmity between my brothers and me. Verily my Lord understands best the mysteries of all that He plans to do. For verily He is full of Knowledge and Wisdom.”“O my Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me some power, and taught me something of the interpretation of dreams and events, - O You Creator of the heavens and the earth! You are my Protector in this world and in the Hereafter. You take my soul at death as one submitting to Your Will as a Muslim and unite me with the righteous.” (Quran:12/99-101)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 85PROPHET SHU’AIB (JETHRO) (AS) A nation of Arabs known as Midian lived in the north of the Arabian Peninsula in theregion now known as Syria. The period was after Prophet Ibrahim (AS). These tribesmen werethe progeny of the third generation, the direct descendants of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Their areahad been blessed with fertile lands that produced rich agriculture. The abundance and varieties offood generated from the land enriched the nation. The majority of them were commoditiestraders. Their clients also came to them from the surrounding nations of the desert. Free flow of the wealth had made them arrogant and deceitful. They were alwayscheating their customers by giving them lesser quantities or by using the scales or measuringinstruments that had been engineered and doctored in their favor. They also robbed each other.They considered fornication and acts of immorality their birthright. There was no discipline forthe children and no respect for the parents. The nation had completely forgotten about its moralobligations within the society and its duties toward Allah (SWT). These were the conditions that were common and practiced by almost all the people ofthe Midian nation. Allah (SWT) sent Prophet Shu’aib (AS) to reform the nation. ProphetShu’aib’s mother was the pious and God-fearing daughter of Prophet Lut (AS) and his father wasa direct descendant of Prophet Ibrahim (AS)Ÿ≅ø‹x6ø9# (#θèù÷ρsù ( öΝà6În/§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ ×πΨÉit/ Νà6ø?u™!$y_ ô‰% ( …çνçöxî >μ≈s9Î) ô⎯ÏiΒ Νà6s9 $tΒ ©!$# (#ρ߉ç7ôã$# ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ Α$s% 3 $Y7øŠyèä© öΝèδ%s{r& š⎥t⎪ô‰tΒ 4’n<Î)uρ $ r o s t ∩∇∈∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΟçFΖà2 βÎ) öΝä3©9 ×öyz öΝà6Ï9≡sŒ 4 $yγÅs≈n=ô¹Î) y‰÷èt/ ÇÚö‘F{$# †Îû (#ρ߉šøè? Ÿωuρ öΝèδu™!$u‹ô©r& }¨$¨Ψ9$# (#θÝ¡y‚ö7s? Ÿωuρ šχ#u”Ïϑø9$#uρ To the Midian people We sent Shu’aib, on of their own brethren; he said,“ O my people! Worship Allah; you have no other god but Him. Now has come for you a clear Sign from your Lord! Give just measure and weight, nor withhold from people the things that are rightfully due to them. And do not perform evil practices on this earth that has been righted for the people. It will be best for you to have Faith.” (Quran: 7/85) Prophet Shu’aib was an eloquent orator and has been honored as the Khateeb-ul-Ambia(The Preacher to the Prophets). He advised people to improve their behavior and give up theirevil practices. But the people ignored his advice, and instead ridiculed him at every opportunity.Some lay in wait outside his house to harass him, his family members, and his followers whowere visiting him for guidance.Wξ‹Î=s% óΟçFΖà2 øŒÎ) (#ÿρãà2øŒ$#uρ 4 $[_uθÏã $yγtΡθäóö6s?uρ ⎯ÏμÎ/ š∅tΒ#u™ ô⎯tΒ «!$# È≅‹Î6y™ ⎯tã šχρ‘‰ÝÁs?uρ tβρ߉Ïãθè? :Þ≡uÅÀ Èe≅à6Î/ (#ρ߉ãèø)s? Ÿωuρ(#θãΖÏΒ÷σムóΟ©9 ×πxÍ←!$sÛuρ ⎯ÏμÎ/ àMù=Å™ö‘é& ü“Ï%©!$$Î/ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ öΝà6ΖÏiΒ ×πxÍ←!$sÛ tβ%x. βÎ)uρ ∩∇∉∪ t⎦⎪ωšøßϑø9$# èπt6É)≈tã šχ%x. y#ø‹x. (#ρãÝàΡ$#uρ ( öΝà2u©Ys3sù ∩∇∠∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÅ3≈ptø:$# çöyz uθèδuρ 4 $uΖoΨ÷t/ ª!$# zΝä3øts† 4©®Lym (#ρçÉ9ô¹$$sù And do not ambush people on every road. Refrain from issuing threats and hindering those people who are believers of Allah. Do not imagine that the Righteous people are planning some things sinister against you. Instead recall when you were a nation of few people and poor; and He increased you in numbers and wealth. Always keep in mind the fate of those people and nations before you who were mischievous towards Allah.” “And If there is a party amongst you who believes in the Message with which I have been sent, and a party which does not believe, hold yourselves in patience until Allah decides between us: for He is the best to decide.” (Quran: 7/86-87)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 86 The haughty and corrupt chiefs of the nation, summoned Prophet Shu’aib (AS) andissued threats against him and his followers to stop their preaching or else they would bebanished from the nation. Moreover, Prophet Shu’aib (AS) and his followers would only beallowed to remain there if they abandoned their righteous path and reverted back to the commonpractices of the nation. These chiefs were worried that their lucrative earnings would diminish ifthe nation reformed because of the preaching of Prophet Shu’aib (AS).t⎦⎫ÏδÌ≈x. $¨Ζä. öθ9uρ& Α$s% 4 $uΖÏG¯=ÏΒ ’Îû ¨βߊθãètGs9 ÷ρr& !$oΨÏKtƒös% ⎯ÏΒ y7ètΒ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$#uρ Ü=ø‹yèà±≈tƒ y7¨Ζ_Ì÷‚ãΖs9 ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% ⎯ÏΒ (#ρçy9õ3tFó™$# t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# _|yϑø9$# tΑ$s% * s r t y yyìÅ™uρ 4 $uΖš/u‘ ª!$# u™!$t±„ βr& HωÎ) !$κÏù yŠθãè¯Ρ βr& !$uΖs9 ãβθä3tƒ $tΒuρ 4 $pκ÷]ÏΒ ª!$# $uΖ8¤fΡ øŒÎ) y‰÷è/ Νà6ÏG¯=ÏΒ ’Îû $tΡô‰ãã ÷βÎ) $¹/É‹x. «!$# ’n?ã $oΨ÷ƒutIøù$# ωs% ∩∇∇∪ o p t t t⎯ÏμÏΒöθ% ⎯ÏΒ (#ρãxx. ⎦⎪Ï%©!$# _|pRùQ$# tΑ$s%uρ ∩∇®∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÏG≈xø9$# çöz |MΡr&uρ Èd,ysø9$$Î/ $uΖÏΒöθs% t⎦÷⎫t/uρ $uΖoΨ÷t/ ôxtFøù$# $uΖ−/u‘ 4 $uΖù=©.uθs? «!$# ’n?tã 4 $¸ϑù=Ïæ >™ó©x« ¨≅ä. $uΖš/u‘ s t y ∩®⊃∪ tβρçÅ£≈y‚©9 #]ŒÎ) ö/ä3¯ΡÎ) $·6ø‹yèä© öΝçF÷èt7¨?$# È⎦È⌡s9 The leaders, the arrogant party among his people, said, “O Shu’aib! We shall certainly drive you out of our city and those who believe with you; unless you and your followers return to our ways and religion.” He replied, “You want us to revert, even though we hate it. We would be inventing a lie against Allah if we returned to your ways after Allah has rescued us from there; nor could we by any manner of means return towards you unless it is Willed and Planned by Allah, our Lord. Our Lord can reach out to the utmost recesses of things by His knowledge. In Allah is our trust. Our Lord! You decide between us and our people in truth, for You are the best to decide. ”The leaders, the Unbelievers amongst his people, said, “If you follow Shu’aib be sure then you are ruined.” (Quran: 7/88-90) Prophet Shu’aib (AS) continued with his mission, but the arrogant leaders and the peopleof the nation refused to listen to his preaching.÷ρ& !$Ρäτ!$/#u™ ߉ç7÷èƒ $tΒ x8çøI¯Ρ βr& š‚âæΔùs? šè?4θn=¹r& Ü=ø‹yèà±≈tƒ (#θä9$s% ∩∇∉∪ 7á‹Ïpt¿2 Νä3ø‹n=æ O$tΡr& !$tΒuρ 4 t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΟçFΖà2 βÎ) öΝä3©9 ×öyz «!$# àM§‹É)t/ r t t t | t4 $YΖ|¡ym $»%ø—Í‘ çμ÷ΖÏΒ ©Í_s%y—u‘uρ ’În1§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ 7πoΨÉi/ 4’n?tã àMΖä. βÎ) óΟçF÷ƒu™u‘r& ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ tΑ$s% ∩∇∠∪ ߉ŠÏ©§9$# ÞΟŠÎ=y⇔ø9$# |MΡV{ š¨ΡÎ) ( (#àσ¯≈t±nΣ $tΒ $oΨÏ9≡uθøΒr& þ’Îû Ÿ≅yèø¯Ρ βr& t∩∇∇∪ Ü=ŠÏΡé& Ïμø‹s9Î)uρ àMù=©.uθs? Ïμø‹n=tã 4 «!$$Î/ ωÎ) þ’Å+ŠÏùöθs? $tΒuρ 4 àM÷èsÜtGó™$# $tΒ yx≈n=ô¹M}$# ωÎ) ߉ƒÍ‘é& ÷βÎ) 4 çμ÷Ζtã öΝà69yγ÷Ρr& !$tΒ 4’n<Î) öΝä3xÏ9%s{é& ÷βr& ߉ƒÍ‘é& !$tΒuρ∩∇®∪ 7‰‹Ïèt7Î/ Νà6ΖÏiΒ 7Þθä9 ãΠöθs% $tΒuρ 4 8xÎ=≈|¹ tΠöθs% ÷ρr& >Šθèδ tΠöθs% ÷ρr& ?yθçΡ tΠöθs% z>$|¹r& !$tΒ ã≅÷WÏiΒ Νà6t7ŠÅÁムβr& þ’Í∋$s)Ï© öΝä3¨ΨtΒÌøgs† Ÿω ÏΘöθs)≈tƒuρ ∩®⊃∪ ׊ρߊuρ ÒΟŠÏmu‘ †În1u‘ ¨βÎ) 4 Ïμø‹s9Î) (#þθç/θè? §ΝèO öΝà6−/u‘ (#ρãÏøótGó™$#uρ That which is left you by Allah is best for you, if you only believed! But I am not set over you to keep watch!” They said, “Shu’aib! Does your religion of prayer command you that we leave off the worship which our fathers practiced, or that we leave off doing what we like with our property? Truly, you are the one that forbears with faults and is right-minded!” He said, “O my people! Do you see that I have a Clear Sign from my Lord, and He has given me pure and good sustenance from Himself? I do not wish you to do anything which I will not do myself. I will not forbid you anything yet do it myself secretly. I only desire your betterment to the best of my power; and the success of my task can only come from Allah. In Him I trust to him I look.” “O my people! Let not my dissent from cause you to sin, lest you suffer a fate similar to that of the people of Nuh, or of Hud, or of Saleh, nor are the people of Lut far off from your memories. But ask forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance: for my Lord is indeed full of Mercy and Loving-Kindness.” (Quran: 11/86-90) The nation refused to listen to any reasoning or sensible preaching of Prophet Shu’aib(AS). Instead, cruel persecutions and punishments were inflicted upon his family and followers.Prophet Shu’aib (AS) volunteered to leave Midian and settle anywhere where they were
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 87welcome. The leaders refused to permit their departure instead, the houses of Prophet Shu’aiband his followers were surrounded by hostile elements. They were not allowed to go out of theirhouses to get food for themselves. Prophet Shu’aib and his followers prayed to Allah (SWT) for help. The Wrath of Allah(SWT) was Showered upon the nation in the form of an earthquake. Only the houses of ProphetShu’aib (AS) and his believing followers were spared. All the unbelievers and the arrogantpeople were annihilated.βr(x. ∩®⊆∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÏW≈y_ öΝÏδÌ≈tƒÏŠ ’Îû (#θßst7ô¹rsù èπysøŠ¢Á9$# (#θßϑn=sß t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ÏN‹z&uρ $¨ΖÏiΒ 7πuΗ÷qtÎ/ …çμyètΒ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$#uρ $Y6ø‹yèä© $uΖøŠ¯gwΥ $tΡãøΒr& u™!$y_ $£ϑs9uρ x y r ∩®∈∪ ߊθßϑrO ôNy‰Ïèt/ $yϑx. t⎦t⎪ô‰yϑÏj9 #Y‰÷èç/ Ÿωr& 3 !$pκÏù (#öθuΖøótƒ óΟ©9 When Our decree issued, We saved Shu’aib and those who believed with him, by special Mercy from Ourselves: but the mighty Blast seized the wrong-doers, and they lay prostrate in their homes by the morning. As if they had never existed and flourished there! Ah! Behold! How the Midian were removed from sight as were removed the Thamud! (Quran: 11/94-95) Prophet Shu’aib (AS) left the disaster stricken city and settled in Hadramuth. That iswhere he died and was buried in Shaban near the Valley of Ibn Ali.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 88PROPHET AYOUB (JOB) ASLineage: Prophet Ayoub (AS), son of Mose, son of Razeh, son of Esau, son of Prophet Ishaaq AS), son of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Prophet Ayoub (AS) was a pious person, always thankful to Allah (SWT) and steadfast inhis prayers. He was patient and always generous with others. Allah (SWT) has Commanded allthe due respect to him:4 tβρã≈yδρ 4©y›θãΒρ y#ß™θãƒuρ šU蕃r&ρ z⎯≈yϑø‹n=ß™uρ yŠ…ãρ#yŠ ⎯ÏμÏG−ƒÍh‘èŒ ⎯ÏΒuρ ( ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ $oΨ÷ƒy‰δ $·mθçΡuρ 4 $oΨ÷ƒy‰yδ ˆξà2 4 z>θà)÷ètƒuρ t,≈ysó™Î) ÿ…ã&s! $uΖö6yδuρuρ u u u y ∩∇⊆∪ ⎦⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# “Ì“øgwΥ y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ t We gave him Ishaaq and Yaqoob: all three We guided: and before him, We guided Nuh, and among his progeny, Daud, Suleiman, Ayoub, Yusuf, Musa and Haroun. Thus We reward those who do good. (Quran: 6/84) A group of angels was discussing the affairs of humanity within the universe. Theirtopics included how those who had remained humble, pious, and steadfast in their pursuits of theBlessings of Allah (SWT) were being rewarded; while those who had strayed away and adoptedarrogant attitudes were being punished. One of the angels described the qualities of ProphetAyoub (AS) and praised him. The angel said, “The best creature on the earth today is Ayoub. Hehas a noble character, displays great patience, and is always ever thankful towards his GenerousLord. He is an excellent role model for those who worship Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) has beenGenerous towards him and has Blessed him with a long life and abundant wealth. Ayoub is neverarrogant or selfish. All his family, his servants, and their community share and prosper in hiswealth. He provides the needs of the poor and buys and frees slaves. He does not demean peoplewho receive charity from him. Instead, he praises them for giving him the opportunity to servetheir entitlements and their needs.” This praise of Prophet Ayoub (AS) was overheard by the Satan. Satan is always on thelookout for ways to deviate the righteous humankind away from Allah (SWT). Satan decided totempt Prophet Ayoub (AS) towards the corruption and disbelief of Allah (SWT). Satan approached Prophet Ayoub (AS) and tried to sway him away from his prayers, butfound him steadfast in his beliefs and duties towards Allah (SWT). But Satan was adamant in hisobjectives and targeted to sway specifically Prophet Ayoub (AS); because he was a regularsubject of discussions among the angels. Moreover, Allah (SWT) had showered unlimitedblessings upon this prophet. Satan approached the group of the angels who were always praising Prophet Ayoub (AS)and challenged the sincerity of Prophet Ayoub (AS) in thanking Allah (SWT) for the endowmentof all the riches and blessings. Satan stated, “If Allah separates him from his wealth, he will no longer Glorify Allah.” Allah (SWT) intervened and declared to Satan that Prophet Ayoub (AS) was one of Hismost sincere devotees. Allah (SWT) told Satan that no matter what Satan said or did to ProphetAyoub (AS), this Prophet would never give up his righteous path towards Him. Satan requestedAllah’s (SWT) permission to deprive Prophet Ayoub (AS) of his wealth. The permission wasgranted. Satan assembled his deputies and destroyed Prophet Ayoub’s (AS) farms and cattle, anddrove his servants away. Having accomplished this destruction of wealth, Satan appeared beforeProphet Ayoub (AS) in the guise of a wise old man, and said, “You have become a pauper
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 89because of your lavish charity and false belief that you will be rewarded. You think that you canget your wealth back by just offering regular prayers to your Allah! If He had the ability youwouldn’t have lost it in the first place.” Prophet Ayoub (AS), who was always a true servant of Allah (SWT), replied “Allah tookaway what in reality belonged to Him! I was only its trustee for a while. He gives to whom HeWills and withholds from whom He Wills.” Thereafter, Prophet Ayoub (AS) went intoprostration and loudly thanked Allah (SWT) for all the Blessings that had been showered uponhim. This was in direct contrast to the expectations of Satan. Frustrated, Satan submitted to Allah (SWT) that the real test of sincerity of ProphetAyoub (AS) was his many children. He told Allah that if the children were separated from him,he will reject Allah! Allah (SWT) Granted the permission for Satan to initiate any test ofendurance between Prophet Ayoub (AS) and his children. Satan was again warned that ProphetAyoub (AS) would always remain steadfast on his righteous path. Again Satan, with his deputies, created a havoc that destroyed the house where childrenof Prophet Ayoub (AS) were sleeping. The buildings were destroyed and every child killed.Satan, in the guise of a sympathizer, approached Prophet Ayoub (AS) and said, “ You have beenhit with tragedies one after another. It is surprising that your Lord is not rewarding you for allyour prayers!” Prophet Ayoub (AS) replied, “Allah sometimes Gives and sometimes Takes. He issometimes Pleased and sometimes Displeased by our deeds. If anything is beneficial or harmfulto me, only He can decide. I must, however, remain firm and committed in my beliefs, and beever grateful to my Creator.” Then Prophet Ayoub (AS) raised his hands towards Heaven andprayed to Him. Satan could not bear to see it and left in a hurry, making excuses that he hadsome other pressing errands. Ever skillful and manipulative, Satan, having been twice defeated in his attempts to swayProphet Ayoub (AS) from the righteous path, requested for a third and a final attempt on theprophet. Allah (SWT) Chose to Exhibit to Satan why He had considered the human to be asuperior creation than that of Iblis. Iblis had desired the role of Allah’s vicegerent in theuniverse, which is why he had refused to prostrate to Adam. Satan suggested that Prophet Ayoub(AS) was healthy and robust. If Satan were allowed to inflict any punishment on the body of theprophet, this prophet would refuse to remain a righteous person. Allah (SWT) Granted permission for Satan to inflict any disease on any part of ProphetAyoub’s (AS) body the exceptions were that Satan would have no control over his soul, intellect,or heart; for these were the places wherein resided the knowledge of Allah and His righteouspath of Islam. Armed with this new authority, Satan began to attack the body of Prophet Ayoub(AS) by inflicting diseases that eventually reduced him to a skeleton in great pain. Yet, ProphetAyoub (AS) offered his prayers regularly, thanking Allah (SWT) for the life-giving breath, butnever complained for his misfortunes. He never paid attention to Satan and shunned any suggestions made by Satan, that wouldcause him to deviate from the righteous path of Allah (SWT). He believed that true help couldcome only from Allah (SWT). Every close friend and relative abandoned him. He was supportedby his kind and loving wife. She showered her affections and kindness by looking after himwhen he needed her most. She remained his sole companion and comforter through the manyyears of his sufferings.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 90 On the other hand, Satan was suffering from the agonies of being defeated in his plans.Even his helpers and assistants were beginning to doubt his abilities as a leader. They said,“Explain to us why your plans are failing against Ayoub, yet you succeeded in misleading andhaving Adam, the Father of Mankind, ejected from Paradise.” As a human, Satan approached Prophet Ayoub’s wife and asked her about her husband.She pointed towards an almost lifeless form crumpled on the bed and said, “There he is,suspended between life and death.” Satan told her that their days of miseries were brought upon them by themselves. Herhusband had relied only on his Lord and refused to seek assistance from other sources. If hisLord had been helpful or had the capacity to help them, they would not be suffering at all. Afterall, her husband had spent his entire life in prayers to Allah. Where were the rewards that hadbeen promised by Him? She was overcome with emotions when she recalled all the wealth, children, and healthenjoyed by them and from which they were now deprived. She approached her husband andasked, “How long are you going to bear this torture from our Lord? Are we to remain withoutany wealth, children, or friends forever? Why don’t you call upon Allah(SWT) to remove thesesufferings from our persons?” Prophet Ayoub (AS) was taken by surprise at this sudden outburst by his devoted wife,and replied mildly, “Satan must have whispered this disbelief to you. Tell me how long weenjoyed good health and wealth?” “For eighty years,” she replied. Prophet Ayoub (AS) asked her, “For how long are we suffering like this?” “Seven years.” She replied. Prophet Ayoub (AS) told her, “I am ashamed to call upon Allah (SWT) and ask Him toremove the hardships, when my hardships are only a short period compared to the period when Ienjoyed good health and wealth. It appears to me that your faith in Allah (SWT) has subsidedand that you have lost hope in His Mercies. If ever I regain my health, I swear by Allah (SWT),that I will punish you with a hundred strokes! From now on, I forbid myself to accept any foodor drink from you. Just leave me alone and let my Lord continue to do with me as He pleases.” Angry at this outcome, she left him and sought shelter elsewhere. Prophet Ayoub (AS)was now in seclusion with Allah (SWT). He turned in Prayers to Him and praised Him, andbegged Him for His mercy and the restoration of his lost health and wealth.Νßγn=÷VÏΒuρ …ã&s#÷δ& çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™ρ ( 9hàÊ ⎯ÏΒ ⎯ÏμÎ/ $tΒ $oΨøt±s3sù …çμs9 $uΖö6yftGó™$$sù ∩∇⊂∪ š⎥⎫ÏΗ¿q≡§9$# ãΝymö‘r& |MΡr&uρ •‘Ø9$# z©Í_¡¡tΒ ’ÎoΤr& ÿ…çμ−/u‘ 3“yŠ$tΡ øŒÎ) šU蕃r&uρ * r u ∩∇⊆∪ t⎦⎪ωÎ7≈yèù=Ï9 3“tò2ÏŒuρ $tΡωΨÏã ô⎯ÏiΒ ZπtΗôqy‘ óΟßγyè¨Β And remember Ayoub, when he cried to his Lord, “Truly distress has seized me, but You are the Most Merciful of those that are Merciful.” So We listened to him: We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his people to him and doubled their number, as a Grace From Ourselves, and a thing for commemoration for all who serve Us. (Quran: 21/83-84) Satan, having been defeated in his three attempts to sway Prophet Ayoub (AS) from therighteous path, abandoned this target. Allah (SWT) restored the health of Prophet Ayoub (AS)granted him abundant wealth. His wife returned to him and apologized for her earlier misgivings.She was forgiven, but the implementation of the oath of punishing her with hundred strokes wastormenting him. For he loved her, very much, and truly appreciated her devotion towards himduring the time, when everyone else had abandoned him.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 91 He was tormented by the fact that he had taken an oath to punish her and had sworn byinvoking Allah’s (SWT) name. Anything invoked in the name of Allah (SWT) must becomplied. However, Allah (SWT) Revealed the way Prophet Ayoub (AS) could fulfill his oathand also overcome this agony of hitting her. ∩⊆⊆∪ Ò>#¨ρr& ÿ…çμ¯ΡÎ) ( ߉ö7yèø9$# Ν÷èÏoΡ 4 #Î/$|¹ çμ≈tΡô‰y`uρ $¯ΡÎ) 3 ô]oΨøtrB Ÿωuρ ⎯ÏμÎn/ >ÎôÑ$$sù $ZWøóÅÊ x8ωu‹Î/ õ‹è{uρ z And take in your hand a little grass, and strike therewith: and do not break your oath.” Truly We found him full of patience and constancy. How excellent in Our service! Ever did he turn to us! (Quran: 38/44)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 92PROPHET MUSA (MOSES) (AS) The land of Egypt was under the rule of the Pharaohs, the rulers who devised the plansand constructed the pyramids and huge interlinking blocks of buildings and palaces in Egypt.These huge monuments were symbols of dedications for the Pharaoh rulers. The people of the nation of Israel were the slaves of the Egyptians. All the laborious anddifficult work was assigned to the Israelis. There existed a religious difference and conflictbetween the Egyptians and the Israelites. The Egyptians were worshipping the pharaohs inaddition to many other gods whom they considered to be the individual or collective controllersof the winds, rains, clouds, food, and rivers. The images of their gods were created by placing thehead of an animal over a body shaped like that of a human. The pharaohs were proclaimed to bethe highest ranked gods; and their representatives were priests who also had further hierarchy intheir ranks. In contrast to the Egyptians, the Israelites were the monotheists and prayed only toone God. During the reign of Pharaoh, named Rameses, a high priest had some visions about thebirth of a prophet among the Israelites. His visions reflected that this prophet of the Israeliteswould liberate and take away the Israelites from the lands and slavery of the pharaohs. TheEgyptian priest knew that the Israelites were always praying to Allah (SWT) for liberation fromslavery. Since the inception of humanity, the children of Israel had been the most favorite nationof Allah (SWT). A large number of the prophets and messengers were raised among the nationsof Israel. Allah (SWT) responded to their prayers for liberation from the yokes of the pharaohs andgave them a glad tiding of a prophet soon to be born among them. The Israelites propagatedthese Divine Messages. The talk of a liberating prophet among the Israelites may have generatedsome fear among the Egyptian priests and created the grounds for their visions of a liberator ofthe nation of Israel. The priests were afraid to lose their political power, as they were the oneswho had created the conditions under which the Israelites were made to serve the needs of thePharaohs. If the Egyptian priests were to lose the services of these slaves, their own Egyptiansubjects would have to supply the necessary labor force. Such a transformation would bedetrimental to their position with Pharaoh Rameses, who had already declared himself to be thegod above all other gods. The priests advised Rameses about their visions and the disastrousoutcome of his building plans if such a prophet were to be born among the slaves. Another fearwas that the Prophet of Israelites, because of their large population, might also dethrone Ramesesand end his kingdom. Rameses asked the priests if they had any suggestions that would ensure against such abirth among the slaves. Someone suggested that the mature females of the slaves be killed;another suggested that all of the male slaves should be operated on to prevent them fromreproducing. Rameses told the priests that both of these suggestions were detrimental towards hisbuilding ambitions as there would be no new generation of slaves who could be inducted into theconstruction projects. The chief priest, Haman, suggested that since they were looking for aprophet who has not been born yet, it would be a workable solution to kill every newborn malechild among the slaves during alternate years. This would halve the chance of such a birth, anodd that was high, but would be acceptable to all of them.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 93 Hence, Rameses issued a proclamation decreeing that the male children of the slaveswould be spared their life in one year and killed in their infancy or upon their birth in the nextyear. The female children would not be harmed. Prophet Musa’s (AS) mother was pregnant and gave birth to Prophet Haroun (AS) in theyear when the male children were to be spared. The next year, she had the second son. It was theyear when the male children were to be put to death. Immediately after the birth, she had a visionfrom Allah (SWT) Assuring her of His Blessings upon her sons: Both these children weredestined to be His Prophets. She was instructed to build a basket and to put her newborn in thebasket and float it in the River Nile after weaning him. Allah (SWT) would take care of himthereafter. She complied with the command of Allah (SWT) and put the basket containing herson into the River Nile. She instructed her daughter to follow the basket and see where the basketlanded.ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû Ÿξã šχöθãöÏù ¨βÎ) ∩⊂∪ šχθãΖÏΒ÷σム5Θöθs)Ï9 Èd,sø9$$Î/ šχöθtãöÏùuρ 4©y›θãΒ Î*t7¯Ρ ⎯ÏΒ šø‹n=tã (#θè=÷GtΡ ∩⊄∪ È⎦⎫Î7ßϑø9$# É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# àM≈tƒ#u™ y7ù=Ï? t t y’n?tã £⎯ßϑ¯Ρ βr& ߉ƒÌçΡuρ ∩⊆∪ ⎦⎪ωšøßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ šχ%x. …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 öΝèδu™!$|¡ÏΡ ⎯Ä©÷∏tGó¡o„uρ öΝèδu™!$oΨö/r& ßxÎn/x‹ãƒ öΝåκ÷]ÏiΒ ZπxÍ←!$sÛ ß#ÏèôÒtGó¡o„ $Yèu‹Ï© $yγn=÷δr& Ÿ≅yèy_uρ t⎯≈yϑ≈yδρ šχöθãöÏù y“ÌçΡuρ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû öΝçλm; z⎯Åj3yϑçΡuρ ∩∈∪ š⎥⎫ÏOÍ‘≡uθø9$# ãΝßγn=yèôftΡuρ Zπ£ϑÍ←r& öΝßγn=èøgwΥuρ ÇÚö‘F{$# †Îû (#θàÏèôÒçGó™$# š⎥⎪Ï%©!$#z u t yŸωuρ ’Îû$sƒB Ÿωρ ÉdΟŠø9$# †Îû ÏμŠÉ)ø9rsù Ïμø‹n=tã ÏMøÅz #sŒÎ*ù ( Ïμ‹ÏèÅÊö‘r& ÷βr& #©y›θãΒ ÏdΘé& #’n<Î) !$uΖøŠym÷ρr&uρ ∩∉∪ šχρâ‘x‹øts† (#θçΡ$Ÿ2 $¨Β Νßγ÷ΨÏΒ $yϑèδyŠθãΖã_uρ r u u s ∩∠∪ š⎥⎫Î=y™ößϑø9$# š∅ÏΒ çνθè=Ïæ%y`uρ Å7ø‹s9Î) çνρ–Š!#u‘ $¯ΡÎ) ( þ’ÎΤt“øtrB These are revelations of the Scripture that makes plain. We narrate unto you about the story of Musa and Pharaoh as it happened, for people who believe. Lo! Pharaoh exalted himself in the earth and made its people into castes. A tribe amongst them he suppressed and enslaved, killing their sons and sparing their women. Lo! He was of those who spread corruption. And We desired to show favor unto those who were oppressed in the earth, to make them examples and to make them inheritors. And to establish them in the earth, and to show Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts that, which they feared most from them. And We inspired the mother of Musa, saying, “Suckle him and when you fear for him, then cast him into the river and fear not nor grieve. Lo! We shall bring him back unto you and shall make him one of Our Messengers.” (Quran: 28/2-7) As the sister followed the basket, she observed that the river was unusually calm andthere were no usual dangerous currents, which could prevent her movements along the banks ofthe River Nile. Much to her surprise, the basket stopped at the landings of the pharaoh’s palace.Fear of the death of her brother by the hands of the Egyptian king, Rameses, crossed her mindyet, she faithfully maintained her vigil over her brother. She was praying to Allah (SWT) for HisDeliverance. The person who picked up the basket was none other than Queen Asiya, thefavorite wife of Rameses. Queen Asiya was barren and unable to produce any child who couldbe the heir to the throne of pharaohs. After Queen Asiya picked up the infant from the baskets, she strongly believed that Godhad given her the gift of a boy. Her attendants, however, cautioned her that the child might befrom the slaves of Egypt. Asiya took the truly lovely child to Rameses, who was sitting nearby,and showed him the heir to the throne of Egypt. By nature, Rameses was a tyrant who would doanything to achieve his goals, while Asiya was an exact opposite in temperament. Rameses tookit as a very strong political instrument for himself: As his entire claim as the god of Egypt wouldbe cast in doubts if he was unable to produce a male child from his wife. Asiya was physically
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 94holding the object, which would eliminate such a doubt among his subjects. Moreover, he alwayswanted Asiya to be happy. He told Asiya to keep the child and nurse it.ßNr&tøΒ$# ÏMs9$s%uρ ∩∇∪ š⎥⎫Ï↔ÏÜ≈yz (#θçΡ$Ÿ2 $yϑèδyŠθãΖã_uρ z⎯≈yϑ≈yδuρ šχöθtãöÏù χÎ) 3 $ºΡt“muρ #xρ߉tã óΟßγs9 tβθà6u‹Ï9 šχöθtãöÏù ãΑ#u™ ÿ…çμsÜs)tGø9$$sù y ∩®∪ šχρããèô±„ Ÿω öΝèδuρ #V$s!uρ …çνx‹Ï‚−GtΡ ÷ρr& !$oΨyèxΖtƒ βr& #©|¤tã çνθè=çFø)s? Ÿω ( y7s9uρ ’Ík< &⎦÷⎫tã ßN§è% šχöθtãöÏù o And the family of Pharaoh plucked him out of the river, that he might become for them an enemy and a sorrow. Lo! Pharaoh and Haman and their hosts were ever sinning. And the wife of Pharaoh said, “He will be a consolation for me and for you. Kill him not. Peradventure he may be of use to us, or we may choose him for a son.” And they perceived not. (Quran 28/8-9) Asiya was very happy and tried to wean the boy. He would not wean although the infantexpressed pleasure in her embrace. She summoned a few professional nurses but the child wouldnot wean with anyone. Instead, the infant would burst into cries if it was separated from Asiya.The sister of the child approached the queen and suggested that she knew a woman who wasvery famous in weaning; even those children who had rejected their wet nurses accepted theweaning of this woman. The sister was told to bring that woman and to try to wean this hungryinfant. The infant needed the essential nourishment but was not accepting any breasts offered tohim! The sister ran to her mother, who was in a state of a mental torment worried about the fateof her lovely infant son. Although the mother knew that Almighty Allah (SWT) would never let anything happento her son, she was a mother and some occasional doubts would creep into her mind. When thesister relayed that the Queen of Egypt, Asiya, had sought her to milkweed her own son, sherushed to the palace. When the child was handed over to his mother, he was not anxious aboutbeing separated from the bosom of Asiya. After the child was weaned, Asiya took him backfrom the mother; the child expressed the unusual pleasures of Asiya’s embrace. Rameses wassurprised at the behavior of the child who had refused to suckle all other wet nurses yet acceptedthe breast of this woman, so he asked her about herself. The mother replied that she was aprofessional wet nurse whose sweet milk had never been rejected by any infant. She did not tell him that she was from the slaves; because she feared that the lives of theinfant and herself would be jeopardized if her true identity was revealed. The mother wasinstructed to report back at frequent intervals to wean the child. The child was named Musa.Thus, through the miracle of Allah (SWT), the mother was feeding her own son, Prophet Musa(AS), and watching him grow into boyhood. When her milk was no longer required, shecontinued to raise him in the palace, for she had been granted the privilege of visiting the palacefreely to see Prophet Musa (AS).⎯ÏμÏG÷zT{ ôMs9$s%uρ ∩⊇⊃∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ šχθä3tGÏ9 $yγÎ6ù=s% 4’n?tã $oΨôÜt/§‘ βr& Iωöθs9 ⎯ÏμÎ/ ”ωö7çFs9 ôNyŠ$Ÿ2 βÎ) ( %¸ñÌ≈sù 4†y›θãΒ ÏdΘé& ߊ#xσèù yxt7ô¹r&uρ…çμtΡθè=àõ3ƒ ;MøŠt/ È≅÷δr& #’n?tã ö/ä3—9ߊr& ö≅yδ ôMs9$s)sù ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ yìÅÊ#tyϑø9$# Ïμø‹n=tã $oΨøΒ§ymuρ * ∩⊇⊇∪ šχρããèô±o„ Ÿω öΝèδuρ 5=ãΖã_ ⎯tã ⎯ÏμÎ/ ôNuÝÇt7sù ( Ïμ‹Å_Áè% tŸω öΝèδusYò2r& £⎯Å3≈s9uρ ?Yym «!$# y‰ôãuρ χr& zΟn=÷ètGÏ9uρ šχt“óss? Ÿωuρ $yγãΨøŠtã §s)s? ö’s1 ⎯ÏμÏiΒé& #’n<Î) çμ≈tΡ÷ŠyŠtsù ∩⊇⊄∪ šχθßsÅÁ≈tΡ …çμs9 öΝèδuρ öΝà6s9 ∩⊇⊂∪ šχθßϑn=ôètƒ And the heart of the mother of Musa became void, and she would have betrayed him if We had not fortified her heart, that she might be of the believers. And she said unto his sister; “Trace him.” So she observed him from afar, while they perceived not. And We had before forbidden foster-mothers for him, so she said, Shall I show you a household who will rear him for you and take care of him?” So We restored him to his mother that she might be
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 95 comforted and not grieve, and that she might know the promise of Allah is true. But most of them know not. (Quran: 28/10-13) Haman, the chief priest, was always suspicious of this child who had captivated the heartsand minds of both, Rameses and his Queen, Asiya. Haman asked Rameses if he was aware of theparentage of the child and cautioned him of the dire consequences in accordance with the vision,if this child happened to be from the slaves and per chance the promised liberator for the nationof the Israelites. Rameses believed that the child was from some Egyptian family who was verypoor and unable to afford the expense of the raising a child. Yet, the persistent cautions of hischief priest, Haman, created some tiny doubts in his mind about the origin of Musa. After all, thechild was the future heir to the throne of Egypt. Rameses asked Haman to devise a test, whichwould convince both Rameses and Haman of the true identity Musa, the prince. Haman advised, “Let us test Musa by placing a large red diamond and a blazing red-hotcoal in front of him. If Musa picked up the diamond, it meant that Musa was aware of the dangerof being burnt. That would be an inspiration at this age. If Musa was not the promised prophet,he would pick up the red hot coal as any normal innocent child would do at that age.” Ramesesreluctantly agreed to put Prophet Musa (AS), who was still in his infancy, through the suggestedtest. Both the elements of the test were put in front of Prophet Musa (AS) in the presence ofthe Queen Asiya. Asiya prayed hard to Allah (SWT) to save Musa from the sure doom assuggested by Haman, for Musa not to pick up the red diamond. Prophet Musa (AS) was attractedby the glaring shine of the red diamond and made a move with his hands to pick it up.Immediately, an invisible angel descended and guided the hand of Prophet Musa (AS) towardsthe red hot burning coal. Before any of those present could reach Prophet Musa (AS), he hadpicked up the red-hot burning coal; and in his complete innocence, put the inflamed coal in hismouth. The burning coal slightly seared his tongue. Although the best of all the availablemedical treatment was rendered as a crown prince, this sear caused a stutter in his speech. Thisstutter remained with Prophet Musa (AS) for his entire life. Prophet Musa (AS) was raised as a crown prince, whereby almost all his demands werebeing fulfilled. By nature he was a very generous and compassionate person. However, he haddeveloped a somewhat fiery temper and a slight impatience in his attitude. He would exhibit mildtantrums if his demands were not fully met or were at times a little slow in implementation. Theweak and the oppressed of Egypt would turn to him to seek his protection and a fair justicethrough him. He was disgusted with the corruption that prevailed among the Egyptians andstrongly resented the inhuman treatments being meted out to the slaves. He saw that the maleslaves were being subjected to harsh conditions in the construction projects of the Pharaoh, whilethe women were being treated as instruments of pleasure for the ranking Egyptians. Prophet Musa (AS) shared a strong bond of friendship with Prophet Haroun (AS). Theformer was, as yet, not aware of the relationship between them. Prophet Haroun (AS) wouldcounsel Prophet Musa (AS) about the oneness of Allah (SWT). He advised against the practiceof praying to man-made images and deities. He told him such habits were pure ignorance andwould only lead towards further corruption of the human mind. He said that Rameses couldnever be the god that he claimed to be. The right paths were those leading to Allah (SWT), whowas the Merciful and Compassionate. Allah (SWT) had Decreed that His followers should alsobe compassionate and show mercy to the weak among them.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 96 Having been raised in an atmosphere of the palace where Rameses had been declared tobe the overall god of Egypt and where the priests were wielding the powers of supremacy overall others, Prophet Musa (AS) was fully aware that the priests had powers that were much moresuperior to his limited powers as the prince of Egypt. The priests were able to wield their powersand influence the decisions of Rameses. Queen Asiya was a god-fearing woman and did not wantto participate in any political arena of power. She was content with her prayers to Allah (SWT)and all the Graces that had been showered upon her. ∩⊇⊆∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ¡ósßϑø9$# “Ì“øgwΥ šÏ9≡x‹x.uρ 4 $Vϑù=Ïãuρ $Vϑõ3ãm çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™ #“uθtGó™$#uρ …çν£‰ä©r& xn=t/ $£ϑs9uρ And when he reached his full strength and was ripe, We gave him wisdom and knowledge. Thus do We reward the good. (Quran: 28/14) Prophet Musa (AS) had some visionary revelations he could not understand and soughtthe wisdom of Prophet Haroun (AS). Prophet Haroun (AS) revealed to Prophet Musa (AS) histrue identity, that Prophet Musa (AS) was an Israelite and not an Egyptian. The circumstances ofhis birth, and those which led him to be raised in the palace; were fully explained to ProphetMusa (AS), who was excited to learn that his mentor, Prophet Haroun (AS), was in fact his elderbrother. Prophet Musa (AS) went to Queen Asiya, whom he had always loved as the mother andhis protector in the palace. He was overjoyed to learn from Queen Asiya that she was never apolytheist, but had always been a monotheist and believed only in Allah (SWT). Queen Asiyacautioned Prophet Musa (AS) to keep what he had just learned a secret, control his fiery temper,and avoid any action that could jeopardize his ascension to the throne of Egypt. Once crowned asthe king of Egypt, Prophet Musa (AS) would be in a better position to help the slaves andremove the powers of the priests, who were preaching polytheism for their own benefit. Queen Asiya again advised Prophet Musa (AS) to keep his newfound knowledge underwraps. Queen Asiya related to him the incident that had caused the stutter in his speech; this wasfurther proof of the powers being wielded by the priests over Rameses. Queen Asiya repeatedlycautioned Prophet Musa (AS) to control his temper and spend more time, in secrecy, in thecompany of his elder brother, Prophet Haroun (AS). Prophet Haroun (AS) was full of wisdomand would always guide him towards the righteous way. Moreover, his absences from the palacewould minimize the dangers of the confrontations with the priests or their agents who had beenstrategically placed therein. One day Prophet Musa (AS) was on his way to the palace when he saw two personsinvolved in a bitter and a bloody hand-to-hand fight. One was an Israelite and the other anEgyptian. The Egyptian was the dominant one and was causing serious injuries to the Israeli. Thefight was taking place in a dimly lit street and there was no one else around. Prophet Musa (AS)realized that the well-armed Egyptian was about to kill the Israeli. He decided to intervene andseparate them. The Egyptian assumed that the intervener was helping the Israeli and might alsocause a serious injury to his person. The Egyptian raised his dagger to attack this meddler. Prophet Musa (AS) had been well trained in the art of war and self-defense since hischildhood; he deflected the dagger thrust and counter-punched the Egyptian. Unfortunately forthe Egyptian, Prophet Musa’s (AS) blow to the head was severe and fatal. The Egyptiancollapsed and died on the spot. The Israeli, upon recognizing Prophet Musa (AS) as the crownprince of Egypt, pleaded with him to leave the area before the dead body of the slain Egyptianwas discovered. So saying the Israeli himself ran away. Prophet Musa (AS), overtaken by the
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 97reality of this grave situation, quickly departed towards his palace. He was truly regretful of hisaction that had contributed towards the loss of a human life. On his way to the palace, ProphetMusa (AS) continued begging for the Forgiveness and the Mercy of Allah (SWT). Upon reaching his room, he bowed in prostration and cried for Divine Mercy and Help incultivating his anger. Later that evening, he learned that the dead Egyptian was a very closerelative of the chief priest, Haman, who had offered a substantial reward for the identity and thearrest of the killer. The very next day, while passing through the market, Prophet Musa (AS) saw the sameIsraeli involved in another fight with another Egyptian. Prophet Musa (AS), overcome by hisnatural habit, intervened to separate them. He addressed the Israeli, “You seem to be a very quarrelsome person. Do you pick fightseveryday?” The Israeli was really afraid of him! After all, he had seen the strength of a blow fromthis prince of Egypt. And from a distance that was beyond the reach of Prophet Musa (AS), theIsraeli asked, “Are you going to kill me also as you did kill that Egyptian yesterday?” Having said that, the Israeli ran away. But the Egyptian with whom he was fightingrecognized Prophet Musa (AS) and looked at him in disbelief and anger. No words wereexchanged between them but the reality of this revelation had been explosive for both of them.The killer of the Egyptian had been exposed publicly. Both of them departed and went theirseparate ways. The Egyptian went to the authorities to claim his reward, while Prophet Musa(AS) went to Prophet Haroun (AS) for advice. Prophet Haroun (AS) strongly urged his brother, Prophet Musa (AS), to leave Egyptimmediately and before his absence from the palace was fully discovered. Both of them knew thestrength and the powers of the chief priest, Haman. Haman would definitely make demands onRameses to execute the prince of Egypt as the law of the land was Life for a Life! Moreover, itwould serve the priests’ purpose to weaken the hierarchy and the household of the self-proclaimed god of Egypt, Rameses. Prophet Musa (AS) decided to follow the suggestions of his brother Prophet Haroun(AS) and departed towards the palace to inform Queen Asiya about his misadventures and hisplans to leave the land of Egypt immediately. He was met by a palace servant who was searchingfor Prophet Musa (AS) to warn him about the impending dangers of his arrest and death, whichhad already been decreed by the cabinet of the chief priest and very reluctantly endorsed byRameses.⎯ÏΒ “Ï%©!$# çμsW≈tótGó™$$sù ( ⎯ÍνÍiρ߉tã ô⎯ÏΒ #x‹≈yδuρ ⎯ÏμÏGyè‹Ï© ⎯ÏΒ #x‹≈yδ ÈβŸξÏGtFø)tƒ È⎦÷,s#ã_u‘ $pκÏù y‰y_uθsù $yγÎ=÷δr& ô⎯ÏiΒ 7s#øxî È⎦⎫Ïm 4’n?tã sπuΖƒÏ‰yϑø9$# Ÿ≅yzyŠuρ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊇∈∪ ×⎦⎫Î7•Β @≅ÅÒ•Β Aρ߉tã …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( Ç⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# È≅uΗxå ô⎯ÏΒ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% ( Ïμø‹n=tã 4©|Ós)sù 4©y›θãΒ …çνt“x.uθsù ⎯ÍνÍiρ߉tã ô⎯ÏΒ “Ï%©!$# ’n?tã ⎯ÏμÏGyè‹Ï©yxt7ô¹rsù ∩⊇∠∪ t⎦⎫ÏΒÌôfßϑù=Ïj9 #ZÎγsß šχθä.r& ô⎯n=sù ¥’n?tã |Môϑyè÷Ρr& !$yϑÎ/ Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊇∉∪ ÞΟŠÏm§9$# â‘θàtóø9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 ÿ…ã&s! txtósù ’Í< öÏøî$$sù ©Å¤øtΡ àMôϑn=sß|·ÏÜö7tƒ βr& yŠ#u‘r& ÷βr& !$£ϑn=sù ∩⊇∇∪ ×⎦⎫Î7•Β A“Èθtós9 y7¨ΡÎ) #©y›θãΒ …çμs9 tΑ$s% 4 …çμäzÎóÇtFó¡o„ ħøΒF{$$Î/ …çνu|ÇΨtFó™$# “Ï%©!$# #sŒÎ*sù Ü=©%utItƒ $ZÍ←!%s{ ÏπuΖƒÏ‰yϑø9$# ’Îûβr& ߉ƒÌè? $tΒuρ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû #Y‘$¬7y_ tβθä3s? βr& HωÎ) ߉ƒÌè? βÎ) ( ħøΒF{$$Î/ $G¡øtΡ |Mù=tGs% $yϑx. ©Í_n=çGø)s? βr& ߉ƒÌè?r& #©y›θßϑ≈tƒ tΑ$s% $yϑßγ©9 Aρ߉tã uθèδ “Ï%©!$$Î/
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 98z⎯ÏΒ y7s9 ’ÎoΤÎ) ólã÷z$$sù x8θè=çFø)u‹Ï9 y7Î/ tβρãÏϑs?ùtƒ V|yϑø9$# χÎ) #©y›θßϑ≈tƒ tΑ$s% 4©tëó¡o„ ÏπuΖƒÏ‰yϑø9$# $|Áø%r& ô⎯ÏiΒ ×≅ã_u‘ u™!%`uρ ∩⊇®∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÏ=óÁßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ tβθä3s? y ∩⊄⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$# ÏΘöθs)ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ©Í_ÅngwΥ Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ( Ü=©%utItƒ $ZÍ←!%s{ $pκ÷]ÏΒ yltsƒm ∩⊄⊃∪ š⎥⎫Ï⇔ÅÁ≈¨Ψ9$# And he entered the city when its when its inhabitants were heedless, and he found therein two men fighting, one of his own caste, and the other of his enemies; and he who was of his caste asked him for help against him who was of his enemies. So Musa struck him with his fist and killed him. He said, “This is the work of the Devil. Lo! He is an enemy, a mere misleader.” He said, “My Lord! Lo! I have wronged my soul, so forgive me”. Thus He Forgave him. Lo! He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. He said, “My Lord! For as much as You have favored me, I will never more be a supporter of the criminals.” The next morning found him in the city, fearing, vigilant, when behold! He who had appealed to him the day before cried out to him for help. Musa said unto him, “ Lo! You are indeed a mere hothead.” And when he would have fallen upon the man who was an enemy unto both of them, he said, “ O Musa! Would you kill me as you did kill a person yesterday? You would be nothing but a tyrant in the land, you would not be of the reformers.” And a man came from the farthest end of the city, running. He said, “O Musa! Lo! The chiefs take council against you to slay you; therefore escape. Lo! I am of those who give you good advice.” So he escaped from thence, fearing, vigilant. He said, “My Lord! Deliver me from the wrongdoing folk.” (Quran: 28/15-21) Prophet Musa (AS) escaped immediately from the city into the desert. He had noprovisions, food or clothing, and no animal to ride upon. The desert was barren of any plants andhad nothing that would give shade. Prophet Musa (AS) was desperately trying to widen hisdistance between himself and any of the Egyptian soldiers who could be searching for him. Thefaster and farther he could travel lessened the chances of him being captured. His body wascapable of going without food and water for some time. He had the full faith and confidence inthe powers of Allah (SWT) to Help him and Guide him as per His designs. Prophet Musa (AS)rested by day in any shade available and traveled by night, always praying to Allah (SWT) forHis Mercy and Compassion in overcoming the elements surrounding him. He travelednorthwards towards Midian, the closest oasis from Egypt on the way to Syria. He had avoidedany contact with his pursuers and had continuously traveled for about seven nights when hereached the oasis, where he knew he was safe and out of the reach of the Egyptians. He fell downand slept, resting in a cave near the oasis. He was awakened by the sounds of a herd of sheep. He noticed that some men folk hadtheir flocks surrounding the water-well and were in control of it. Nearby, there was another flockbeing herded by two women, who were struggling to keep their sheep from mixing with those ofthe men at the water well. Prophet Musa (AS) was surprised at what he saw. He was amazed thatwomen were herding the flocks, a difficult task usually performed by men. There was no doubtin his mind that these women were having a difficult time especially when they had to extricatetheir sheep from the flock of the men and the waterhole. And the men were jesting and mockingat the women herders. When they finished watering their flocks, they deposited a large rock to block the passageof water from the well to the trusses. Prophet Musa (AS) approached the women and asked themwhy they had to perform the duties of herding the sheep. The women explained that their fatherwas an old man who was incapable of herding sheep. They had no other men in the family.Prophet Musa (AS) offered to help them remove the heavy rock from the mouth of the well andwater their herd for them. He led the sheep towards the trusses and picked up the heavy rock,single handedly, to release the water for the sheep to drink. After the herd had been well-
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 99watered and the women had filled up their jars, Prophet Musa (AS) replaced the rock and wentback to the shade of his resting spot.Ĩ$¨Ψ9$# š∅ÏiΒ Zπ¨Βé& Ïμø‹n=tã y‰y`ρ š⎥t⎪ô‰tΒ u™!$tΒ yŠ‘uρ $£ϑs9uρ ∩⊄⊄∪ È≅‹Î6¡¡9$# u™!#uθy™ ©Í_tƒÏ‰ôγtƒ βr& ú†În1u‘ 4©|¤tã tΑ$s% š⎥t⎪ô‰tΒ u™!$s)ù=Ï? tμ§_uθs? $£ϑs9uρ u u4’s+¡sù ∩⊄⊂∪ ×Î7Ÿ2 Ó‡ø‹x© $tΡθç/&uρ ( â™!$tãÌh9$# u‘ωóÁム4©®Lym ’Å+ó¡nΣ Ÿω $tGs9$s% ( $yϑä3ç7ôÜyz $tΒ tΑ$s% ( Èβ#yŠρä‹s? È⎦÷⎫s?r&tøΒ$# ãΝÎγÏΡρߊ ⎯ÏΒ y‰y_uρuρ šχθà)ó¡o„ | r ∩⊄⊆∪ ×É)sù 9öyz ô⎯ÏΒ ¥’n<Î) |Mø9t“Ρr& !$yϑÏ9 ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>u‘ tΑ$s)sù Èe≅Ïjà9$# ’n<Î) #’¯<uθs? ¢ΟèO $yϑßγs9 And when he turned his face towards Midian, he said, “Peradventure my Lord will guide me in the right road. “ And when he came to the water of Midian he found there a whole tribe of men, watering. And he found apart from them two women keeping back their flocks. He said, “What ails you?” The two said, “We cannot give drinks to our flock, till these shepherds move from the water; and our father is a very old man.” So he watered their flocks for them. Then he turned aside into the shade and said , “My Lord! I am needy of whatever good you would send down for me.” (Quran: 28/22-24) When the women herders returned home, their father was surprised at their earlier-than-usual return. Assuming that they might have had encountered some problems with the rogueherdsmen at the water-well, he approached them with anxiety and fear. Instead, he found them ina joyous mood and happily guiding their flocks into the pen. He inquired about their early returnand also the cause of their happiness. One of them, replied, “O Father! Today a stranger watered the flock and took care of therock at the well. His dress shows that he is not from around this area.” The father asked his daughters to invite the stranger to their home for a meal, as was theircustom. One of the daughters returned to the water-well and apprehensively approached ProphetMusa (AS). She extended her father’s invitation and asked Prophet Musa (AS) to join theirfamily for the meal. This offer of a sincere hospitality and the prospect of a full meal after thestarvation of more than a week enlightened Prophet Musa (AS). The father of the maidens warmly welcomed Prophet Musa (AS), and after their meal,wanted to know more about him. Prophet Musa (AS) had observed that this family appeared tobe well established and was indeed genuinely hospitable to him. He disclosed his backgroundand the unfortunate circumstances that had led him to be where he was then. His host wastouched by the events and offered his customary sympathies by invoking the Help and Mercyfrom Allah (SWT) for the stranger in his house! The host did assure Prophet Musa (AS) that hewas well out of the reach of the tyrant pharaoh of Egypt and need not hide or run anymore. Hethen left the room to discuss the issue with his daughters. The daughters had listened to the conversation between their father and the stranger.They were pleasantly surprised to learn that a prince had helped them water their flock and wasnow enjoying their hospitality. They asked their father to help the stranger. The daughter whohad gone back to the water-well to fetch the stranger told her father that the stranger appeared tobe a well-disciplined individual. The father asked her to elaborate on her observation. She replied, “This stranger had insisted that I walk behind him when I was bringing himhere.” The father was enlightened by this disclosure. What his daughter had just told himsignified that the stranger was indeed a pious person; one who shunned the pleasures of watchingthe female curvatures and swings of the young bodies. He returned to Prophet Musa (AS) andoffered him the hospitality of his house and the duties of herding his sheep in exchange. Prophet
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 100Musa (AS) welcomed the opportunity of shade over his head and the prospects of living with arespectful family.tΑ$s% ÈÁ)ø9$# Ïμø‹n=tã ¡Ès%uρ …çνu™!$y_ $£ϑ=sù 4 $oΨs9 |Mø‹s)y™ $tΒ tô_r& šƒÌ“ôfu‹Ï9 x8θããô‰tƒ ’Î1r& χÎ) ôMs9$s% &™!$uŠósÏFó™$# ’n?tã ©Å´ôϑs? $yϑßγ1y‰÷nÎ) çμø?u™!$mgm } | s n tþ’ÎoΤÎ) tΑ$s% ∩⊄∉∪ ß⎦⎫ÏΒF{$# ‘“Èθs)ø9$# |Nöyfø↔tGó™$# Ç⎯tΒ uöz χÎ) ( çνöÉfø↔tGó™$# ÏMt/r¯≈tƒ $yϑßγ1y‰÷nÎ) ôMs9$s% ∩⊄∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$# ÏΘöθs)ø9$# š∅ÏΒ |NöθpgwΥ ( ô#y‚s? Ÿω y4 šø‹n=tã ¨,ä©r& ÷βr& ߉ƒÍ‘é& !$tΒuρ ( x8ωΖÏã ô⎯Ïϑsù #ô±tã |Môϑyϑø?r& ÷βÎ*sù ( 8kyfÏm z©Í_≈yϑrO ’ÎΤtã_ùs? βr& #’n?ã È⎦÷⎫tG≈yδ ¢©tLuΖö/$# “y‰÷nÎ) y7ysÅ3Ρé& ÷βr& ߉ƒÍ‘é& tãΑθà)tΡ $tΒ 4’n?tã ª!$#uρ ( ¥’n?ã šχ≡uρô‰ãã Ÿξsù àMø‹ŸÒs% È⎦÷,s#y_F{$# $yϑ−ƒr& ( y7uΖ÷t/uρ ©Í_øŠt/ šÏ9≡sŒ tΑ$s% ∩⊄∠∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎ=≈¢Á9$# š∅ÏΒ ª!$# u™!$x© βÎ) þ’ÎΤ߉ÉftFy™ t ∩⊄∇∪ ×≅‹Å2uρ Then there came unto him one of the two women, walking shyly. She said, “Lo! My father bids you, that he may reward you with a payment for that you did to water the flock for us.” Then when he came unto him and told him the whole story. He said. “Fear not! You are saved from the wrongdoing folk.” One of the two women said, “O my father! Hire him! For he is the best you can hire, and is strong and trustworthy.” He said: “Lo! I fain would marry you to one of these two daughters of mine on condition that you work for me for the period of eight years. But if you complete ten it will of you own accord, for I would not make it difficult for you. Allah willing, you will find me of the righteous.” He replied, “That is agreed between you and me. Whichever of the two terms I fulfill, there will be no injustice to me, and Allah is Surety over what we say.” (Quran: 28/25-28) Prophet Musa (AS) spent ten years in Midian, where he married one of the daughters ofhis host. He performed his task of sheepherder and caretaker of his family faithfully anddiligently. He spent a lot of time in the desert grazing his herds and pondering at the marvels ofAllah (SWT). At night he looked at the heavens above and observed the movement of the stars.He marveled at the punctuality of the appearances and disappearances of the sun and the moon.He observed the growth of the plants after the showers of rain and their drying out due to theintensity of the heat. He knew that Allah (SWT) had set up everything and every object for purposes thatbenefit His creations on Earth. He was consoled by a very loving and an affectionate wife andsurrounded by warmhearted in-laws. There were times when he missed his family in Egypt andwondered about their fate and the fate of Queen Asiya. Mostly, he missed the wise counsel andguidance of his elder brother, Prophet Haroun (AS). Lately, Prophet Musa (AS) had become restless and homesick. He was also frequentlydreaming and receiving Divine messages about his mission to guide the Israelites towards therighteous path. The frequency and the consistency of the visions started affecting his demeanorand general behavior. While he watched the herds in the desert, he would feel as if there wassome presence near him, but he could not be sure of what it was. However, the vision of himguiding the nations was always there. Prophet Musa (AS) realized that he was being instructedby Allah (SWT) to begin a mission. He called upon Allah (SWT) and said he would only believein his visions and his mission if he were able to talk to Allah (SWT) face-to-face and in person. One day he told his wife to pack and prepare for a journey, because he had decided to goback to Egypt and see his family. His wife cautioned him about his past and the dangers thatawaited him. But he was insistent and urged her not to oppose him. She loved him and assuredhim that the exercise of caution was not meant to oppose him but merely to warn him about thepowers of his enemies. Prophet Musa (AS) said, “I have trust in Allah (SWT) and He will Helpme.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 101 They departed on their journey towards Egypt not knowing what fate awaited them,except their faith in Allah (SWT). While traveling through the desert they reached Mount Sinai,Prophet Musa (AS) realized that they had lost their way and there was a chance that they mightstray further into the desert, which could be perilous. He prayed to Allah (SWT) for Help infinding the right direction towards his destination. He was inspired and guided. He reachedMount Tur just after sunset. He observed the light of fire on the mountain. He told his family tosettle down while he went to get some fire and maybe also seek the help from those who had litthe fire. Moreover, the fire would be useful to prepare their meals and also to keep them warmfrom the severe desert cold. When he reached the spot where the fire was lit, he heard a thunderous voice, “Oh Musa!I am Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” This surprised Prophet Musa (AS). He looked around forthe source of the voice, and the message was repeated again. The second time, however, thevoice matched with the one in his memory and lately in his visions. He was told to approach nearthe spot where the bush was lit, but to remove his shoes before crossing the in-between-space, asit was a sacred place of Tuwa. Prophet Musa (AS) complied and approached the spot near the litbush. He found that he could not even look at the bush closely and was forced to look away fromit. He was asked, “What do you hold in your right hand, O Musa?” Prophet Musa (AS) replied, “It’s my staff on which I lean. I use it bring down thebranches of the trees for my sheep to eat. I use it wherever I can.” He was instructed to throw his staff on the ground. As soon as it hit the ground it turnedinto a writhing snake. Prophet Musa (AS) was about to jump away when he was assured, “Fearnot and grasp it; for We shall return it to its former state.” As soon Prophet Musa (AS) picked it up, it reverted back to his staff. Prophet Musa (AS)realized that he was in the physical presence of Allah (SWT); yet, he found it impossible to lookat Allah (SWT) because he was facing the Nur of powerful rays emanating from the fire. Allah(SWT) Commanded Prophet Musa (AS) to thrust his right hand through his robe into his armpit.When he pulled it out he found that it was shining in brilliance and there was no hurt! Allah (SWT) Instructed, “You have two signs from your Lord; go to Pharaoh and hispriests, and warn them that they are an evil gang that has transgressed all bounds.” Prophet Musa (AS), expressed his fear of being arrested, “My Lord! I have killed one oftheir own and I fear that they will execute me.” Allah (SWT) assured him of his safety and told him to execute his mission with fullconfidence.∩⊇⊃∪ “W‰èδ Í‘$¨Ζ9$# ’n?tã ߉É`r& ÷ρr& C§t6s)Î/ $pκ÷]ÏiΒ /ä3‹Ï?#u™ þ’Ìj?yè©9 #Y‘$tΡ àMó¡nΣ#u™ þ’ÎoΤÎ) (#þθèWä3øΒ$# Ï&Î#÷δL{ tΑ$s)sù #Y‘$tΡ #u™u‘ øŒÎ) ∩®∪ #©y›θãΒ ß]ƒÏ‰m y79s?r& ö≅yδuρ yû©Í_¯ΡÎ) ∩⊇⊂∪ #©yrθム$yϑÏ9 ôìÏϑtGó™$$sù y7è?÷tI÷z$# $tΡr&uρ ∩⊇⊄∪ “YθèÛ Ä¨£‰s)ßϑø9$# ÏŠ#uθø9$$Î/ y7¨ΡÎ) ( y7ø‹n=÷ètΡ ôìn=÷z$$sù y7•/u‘ O$tΡr& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩⊇⊇∪ #©y›θßϑ≈tƒ y“ÏŠθçΡ $yγ8s?r& !$£ϑn=sùŸξsù ∩⊇∈∪ 4©tëó¡@ $yϑÎ/ ¤§øtΡ ‘≅ä. 3“t“ôfçGÏ9 $pκÏ÷zé& ߊ%x.& îπuŠÏ?#u™ sπtã$¡¡9$# ¨βÎ) ∩⊇⊆∪ ü“Ìò2Ï%Î! nο4θn=¢Á9$# ÉΟÏ%r&uρ ’ÎΤô‰ç6ôã$$sù O$tΡr& HωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω ª!$# $tΡr& n r$pκÍ5 ·èδr&uρ $pκön=tæ (#àσ2uθs?r& y“$|Átã }‘Ïδ tΑ$s% ∩⊇∠∪ 4©y›θßϑ≈tƒ y7ÎΨŠÏϑuŠÎ/ šù=Ï? $tΒuρ ∩⊇∉∪ 3“yŠ÷tIsù çμ1uθyδ yìt7¨?$#ρ $pκÍ5 ß⎯ÏΒ÷σムω ⎯tΒ $pκ÷]tã y7¯Ρ£‰ÝÁƒ u t$yδ߉‹ÏèãΨy™ ( ô#y‚? Ÿωuρ $yδõ‹è{ tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊃∪ 4©tëó¡n@ ×π¨Šym }‘Ïδ #sŒÎ*sù $yγ8s)ø9rsù ∩⊇®∪ 4©y›θßϑ≈tƒ $yγÉ)ø9r& tΑ$s% ∩⊇∇∪ 3“t÷zé& Ü>Í‘$t↔tΒ $pκÏù u’Í<uρ ‘ÏϑΖxî 4’n?tã s u4’n<Î) ó=yδøŒ$# ∩⊄⊂∪ “uö9ä39$# $uΖÏF≈tƒ#u™ ô⎯ÏΒ y7tƒÎã∴Ï9 ∩⊄⊄∪ 3“t÷zé& ºπtƒ#u™ >™þθß™ Îöxî ô⎯ÏΒ u™!$ŸÒø‹t/ ólãøƒrB y7Ïm$uΖy_ 4’n<Î) x8y‰tƒ öΝßϑôÊ$#uρ ∩⊄⊇∪ 4’n<ρW{$# $yγs?uÅ™ ø
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 102’Ík< ≅yèô_$#uρ ∩⊄∇∪ ’Í<öθs% (#θßγs)øtƒ ∩⊄∠∪ ’ÎΤ$|¡Ïj9 ⎯ÏiΒ Zο‰ø)ãã ö≅è=ôm$#uρ ∩⊄∉∪ “ÌøΒr& þ’Í< ÷Åc£o„uρ ∩⊄∈∪ “Í‘ô‰|¹ ’Í< ÷yuõ°$# Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊆∪ 4©xösÛ …çμ¯ΡÎ) tβöθtãöÏù yMΖä. y7¨ΡÎ) ∩⊂⊆∪ #·ÏWx. x8tä.õ‹Ρuρ ∩⊂⊂∪ #ZÏVx. y7ysÎm7|¡èΣ ö’s1 ∩⊂⊄∪ “ÌøΒr& þ’Îû çμø.Îõ°r&ρ ∩⊂⊇∪ “Í‘ø—r& ÿ⎯ÏμÎ/ ÷Šß‰ô©$# ∩⊂⊃∪ ©År& tβρã≈yδ ∩⊄®∪ ’Í?÷δr& ô⎯ÏiΒ #ƒÎ—uρ| t u’Îû ÏμŠÏùÉ‹ø%$# Èβ& ∩⊂∇∪ #©yrθム$tΒ y7ÏiΒé& #’n<Î) !$uΖøŠm÷ρr& øŒÎ) ∩⊂∠∪ #“t÷zé& ¸ο§tΒ y7ø‹n=tã $¨ΨuΖtΒ ô‰s)s9uρ ∩⊂∉∪ 4©y›θßϑ≈tƒ y7s9÷σß™ |MŠÏ?ρé& ô‰s% tΑ$s% ∩⊂∈∪ #ZÅÁt/ $uΖÎ/ r yøŒÎ) ∩⊂®∪ û©Í_ø‹tã 4’n?ã yìoΨóÁçGÏ9uρ ©Íh_ÏiΒ Zπ¬6ptxΧ 7ø‹n=tã àMø‹s)ø9r&uρ 4 …ã&©! Aρ߉ãuρ ’Ík< Aρ߉ã çνõ‹è{ùtƒ È≅Ïm$¡¡9$$Î/ Οu‹ø9$# ÏμÉ)ù=ã‹ù=sù ÉdΟu‹ø9$# ’Îû Ïμ‹ÏùÉ‹ø%$$sù ÏNθç/$−G9$# t y t tÉdΟtóø9$# ⎯ÏΒ 7≈uΖøŠ¤fΖsù $T¡øtΡ |Mù=tGs%uρ 4 βt“øtrB Ÿωuρ $pκß]ø‹tã §s)s? ö’s1 y7ÏiΒé& #’n<Î) y7≈uΖ÷èy_tsù ( …ã&é#àõ3tƒ ⎯tΒ 4’n?tã ö/ä3—9ߊr& ö≅δ ãΑθà)tGsù šçG÷zé& û©Å´ôϑs? z y u t yŸωρ ©ÉL≈tƒ$t↔Î/ x8θäzr&uρ |MΡr& ó=yδøŒ$# ∩⊆⊇∪ ©Å¤øuΖÏ9 7çG÷èuΖsÜô¹$#uρ ∩⊆⊃∪ 4©y›θßϑ≈tƒ 9‘y‰s% 4’n?tã |M÷∞Å_ §ΝèO t⎦t⎪ô‰tΒ È≅÷δr& þ’Îû t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ™ |M÷VÎ7n=sù 4 $ZΡθçFèù y7≈¨ΨtGsùuρ u y!$oΨøŠn=tã Þãøtƒ βr& ß∃$sƒwΥ $uΖ¯ΡÎ) $oΨ−/u‘ Ÿω$s% ∩⊆⊆∪ 4©y´øƒ† ÷ρr& ã©.x‹Ftƒ …ã&©#yè©9 $YΨÍh‹©9 Zωöθs% …çμs9 Ÿωθà)sù ∩⊆⊂∪ 4©xösÛ …çμ¯ΡÎ) tβöθtãöÏù 4’n<Î) !$t6yδøŒ$# ∩⊆⊄∪ “Ìø.ÏŒ ’Îû $u‹Ï⊥s? x ! s töΝåκö5Éj‹èè? Ÿωuρ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ $uΖyèΒ ö≅Å™ö‘rsù šÎn/u‘ Ÿωθß™u‘ $¯ΡÎ) Iωθà)sù çν$uŠÏ?ùsù ∩⊆∉∪ 2”u‘r&uρ ßìyϑó™r& !$yϑà6yètΒ ©Í_¯ΡÎ) ( !$sù$sƒrB Ÿω tΑ$s% ∩⊆∈∪ 4©xöôÜtƒ βr& ÷ρr& y t ∩⊆∇∪ 4’¯<uθ?uρ šU¤‹Ÿ2 ⎯tΒ 4’n?tã z>#x‹yèø9$# ¨βr& !$uΖøŠs9) z©Çrρé& ô‰s% $¯ΡÎ) ∩⊆∠∪ #“y‰çλù;$# ìt7©?$# Ç⎯tΒ 4’n?tã ãΝ≈n=¡¡9$#uρ ( y7Îi/¢‘ ⎯ÏiΒ 7πtƒ$t↔Î/ y7≈oΨ÷∞Å_ ô‰s% ( s Î y Has there come to you the story of Musa? When he saw a fire and said to his folks: Wait! I see a fire afar off. Peradventure I may bring you a brand there from or may find guidance at the fire. And when he reached it, he was called by name: O Musa! Lo! I, even I am your Lord. So take off your shoes, for Lo! You are in the holly valley of Tuwa. And I have chosen you, so hearken into that which is inspired. Lo! I, even I, am Allah. There is no God save Me. So worship Me and establish prayer for My remembrance. Lo! The Hour is surely coming. But I almost keep it hidden, that every soul may be rewarded for that which it strives to achieve. Therefore, let not him turn you aside from the thought of it who believes not therein but follows his own desire lest you perish. And what is that in your right hand, O Musa? He said: This is my staff whereon I lean, and with which I beat down branches for my sheep, and wherein I find other uses. Allah said, “Cast it down, O Musa!” So he cast it down and Lo! It was a writhing serpent. Allah said, “Grasp it and fear not. We shall return it to its former state. And thrust your hand within your armpit, it will come forth white without hurt. That will be another token. So that We may show you some of Our greater portents, You go unto Pharaoh ! Lo! He has transgressed his bounds.” Musa said: “My Lord! Relieve my mind and ease my task for me; And loose a knot from my tongue, that they may understand my sayings. Appoint for me henchmen from my folk, Haroun, my brother. Confirm my strength with him. And let him share my task, that we may glorify You as much. As much as we remember You. Lo! You are ever Watchful over us.” Allah said, “You are granted your request, Oh Musa. And indeed, another time in past We have already shown you favor. When We inspired in your mother what has been inspired, Saying: Throw him into the ark, and throw it into the river, then the river shall throw it on to the bank, and the an enemy to Me and an enemy to him shall take him. And I endued you with love from Me so that you may be trained according to My will. When your sister went and said, Shall I show you one who will nurse? And We restored you to your mother so that her eyes might be refreshed and might not sorrow. And you did kill a man and We delivered you from a great distress, and tried you with heavy trial. And you did tarry for years amongst the folk of Midian. Then you were brought here by My providence, O Musa. And I have attached you to Myself. Go, you and your brother, with My tokens and never fail to remember Me. Go, both of you, unto Pharaoh. Lo! He has transgressed out of bounds. And speak to him in a gentle way, just in case he may heed or fear.” He said, “Our Lord! Lo! My fear is that he may be like he was before And he may play the tyrant.” Allah said, “Fear not. Lo! I am with you always, Hearing and Seeing. So go you unto him and say: Lo! We are two messengers of your Lord. So let the Children of Israel go with us, and torment them not. We bring for you a token your Lord. And peace will be for him who follows right guidance. Lo! It has been revealed to us that the doom will be for him who denies and turns away.” (Quran: 20/9-48)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 103 Prophet Musa (AS) came to his family, who were amazed when they looked at him andsurprised to observe the physical changes that had taken place in his face and his manners. Hisface was emanating as if light was being generated around him. The stutter in his speech hadlessened. He was calm, yet excited, and told them that he had conversed with Allah (SWT) andhad been Instructed to continue on his journey to Egypt, as he had a Divine Message to deliver tothe Pharaoh, Rameses. His family members were happy to hear all this and were relieved to learn that thepurpose of their journey was divine and they had Allah’s (SWT) Help and Protection. They hadbeen fearful of their fate if the Egyptian authorities discovered that Prophet Musa (AS) hadreturned in their midst and was within their reach. The family members asked Prophet Musa(AS) to describe Allah (SWT) to them. What was His shape? What did He look like? ProphetMusa (AS) explained that he had found it impossible even to glance in His direction. Most of thetime during His presence, he had to keep his eyes closed or look low towards the ground aroundhis feet. He was afraid that his eyes would burn out if he even dared to look in that direction.Every time he attempted to raise his eyes he found it impossible, thus he could not describe theshape or the characteristics of Allah (SWT). The only description he could offer was that it wasthe Nur of powerful rays all around. He gave the glad tidings of a prophet hood for his elder brother Prophet Haroun (AS).Both of them were to work together in their mission to liberate the nation of Israel from theclutches of the tyrant, Rameses. The Israelites were very pleased when they learned that thepromised prophet had finally appeared and was present among them. Prophet Musa (AS) and his brother, Prophet Haroun (AS), presented themselves in theCourt of Pharaoh. Prophet Musa (AS) addressed Rameses and told him about the wonders of theuniverse around them; the stars, the sun, and the moon in the heavens above. Allah (SWT) hadcreated the entire universe, and was the only God that deserved the prayers of worship. He saidthat it was the law of Allah (SWT) that the entire creation be resurrected on the Day ofJudgment; and all people will face the consequences of their actions on that Day. Rameses and his Priests listened with disdain. Rameses signaled for Prophet Musa (AS)to stop. After glancing at his priests and courtiers, he addressed Prophet Musa (AS) withcontempt and asked, “What do you want?” Prophet Musa (AS) replied, “Allah wants you to free and send the children of Israel with us!” Rameses asked, “Why should I send them away? They are my slaves!” Prophet Musa (AS) replied, “They are the slaves of Allah, Who is the Lord of the Entire universe!” Rameses, looking around at all those present, teased Prophet Musa (AS) and said, “Areyou not the same Musa, whom we plucked from the Nile as a helpless child? Are you not thesame Musa who was reared and raised in this very palace? Who was provided with the necessarynutritious food by us? Are you not the same Musa who is a fugitive, having killed an Egyptian?Is it not an act of disbelief to kill a human? Then Rameses raised his voice, pointing accusingly at Prophet Musa (AS) and said,“When you killed you became a disbeliever! You are now a fugitive from justice! Yet you havethe insolence to talk to me about your God when I am the god of all that surrounds us!” Prophet Musa (AS) knew that Rameses was merely trying to impress his courtiers and allthose present about the powers and the charity of pharaoh as the god of Egypt. Prophet Musa
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 104(AS) replied that he was not a disbeliever when he killed the Egyptian, he only strayed away;until that time, he had not received any revelations from Allah (SWT). He explained his flightfrom Egypt, saying that he was afraid of the revenge that had been decreed upon him without anytrial. The killing, although unfortunate, was an accident. The fact that he was delivering a DivineMessage was proof enough that Allah (SWT) had Forgiven him his sin, for He is the MostMerciful.Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ $uΖyètΒ ö≅Å™ö‘& ÷β& ∩⊇∉∪ ⎦⎫Ïϑ=≈yèø9$# Éb>u‘ ãΑθß™u‘ $¯ΡÎ) Iωθà)sù šχöθtãöÏù $u‹Ï?ùsù ∩⊇∈∪ βθãèÏϑGó¡•Β Νä3yètΒ $¯ΡÎ) ( !$oΨÏF≈tƒ$t↔Î/ $t6δøŒ$$sù ( ξx. tΑ$s% r r t n t t y!$yγçFù=yèù Α$s% ∩⊇®∪ š⎥⎪ÍÏ≈s3ø9$# š∅ÏΒ MΡr&uρ |Mù=èsù ©ÉL©9$# y7Gn=÷èsù |Mù=yèùuρ ∩⊇∇∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅ™ x8ÌçΗéå ô⎯ÏΒ $uΖŠÏù |M÷WÎ6s9uρ #Y‰‹Ï9uρ $uΖŠÏù y7În/tçΡ óΟs9r& tΑ$s% ∩⊇∠∪ s t | y t s÷β& ’n?ã $pκ‘]ßϑ? ×πϑ÷èÏΡ 7ù=Ï?uρ ∩⊄⊇∪ t⎦⎫Î=y™ößϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ©Í_n=yè_uρ $Vϑõ3ãm ’În1u‘ ’Í< |=yδuθsù öΝä3çFøÅz $£ϑs9 öΝä3ΖÏΒ ßNö‘txsù ∩⊄⊃∪ t⎦,Îk!!$Ò9$# z⎯ÏΒ O$tΡr&uρ #]ŒÎ) r ¥ t s y y yΑ$s% ∩⊄⊆∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏ%θ•Β Λä⎢Ζä. βÎ) ( !$yϑßγoΨøŠt/ $tΒuρ ÇÚö‘F{$#ρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# >u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊂∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# >u‘ $tΒuρ ãβöθtãöÏù tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊄∪ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ £N‰¬7tãt u>u‘ Α$s% ∩⊄∠∪ ×βθãΖôfyϑ9 óΟä3ö‹s9Î) Ÿ≅Å™ö‘é& ü“Ï%©!$# ãΝä3s9θß™u‘ ¨βÎ) tΑ$s% ∩⊄∉∪ t⎦⎫Ï9¨ρF{$# ãΝä3Í←!$t/#u™ >u‘uρ ö/ä3š/u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊄∈∪ tβθãèÉΚtGó¡n@ Ÿωr& ÿ…çμs9öθym ô⎯yϑÏ9 t s ∩⊄®∪ š⎥⎫ÏΡθàfó¡ϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ y7¨Ζn=yèô_V{ “Îöxî $·γ≈s9Î) Nõ‹sƒªB$# È⎦Í.s! tΑ$s% ∩⊄∇∪ tβθè=É)÷ès? ÷Λä⎢Ζä. βÎ) ( !$yϑåκs]øŠt/ $tΒuρ É>Ìøóyϑø9$#uρ É−Îô³yϑø9$# y | And come together, (with Haroun) unto Pharaoh and say, “Lo! We bear a Message from the Lord of the Worlds. Let the Children of Israel go with us. "Pharaoh said to him, “Did we not rear you amongst us as a child? And you spent many years of your life with us. And the you performed a deed which is a deed of the disbeliever.” Musa replied, “I did it then when I went astray. Then I fled from you when I feared you, and my Lord Entrusted me a command and Appointed me amongst those sent by Him. And this is the past favor about which you are trying to condemn me; You have enslaved the Children of Israel.” Pharaoh said, “What is the Lord of the Worlds?” Musa replied, “Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you had a positive belief.” Pharaoh said to those around him, “Have you heard him?” Musa added. “Your Lord and the Lord of your fathers before.” Pharaoh said, “Lo! Your messenger who has been sent to you is indeed a madman.” Musa said, “Lord of the East and the West and all that is between them, if only you opened your minds.” Pharaoh said, “If you choose a god other than me, I will surely imprison and detain you amongst the prisoners.” (Quran: 26/15-29) This conflict had developed into a serious confrontation between the mission of ProphetMusa (AS) and the arrogance of a self-proclaimed god, Rameses, the pharaoh. Pharaoh haddecreed and his Egyptian subjects had accepted that he was the god of Egypt, as had been thepractice of his ancestors, the earlier pharaohs. It was an imprison able crime to worship any godexcept the pharaoh. Rameses was trying to exhibit his godly powers and impress those present;that it was he who had provided the safety, the nourishments and the wealth to all. He had donethe same for Prophet Musa (AS) when he had been set afloat in the Nile as an infant. NowProphet Musa (AS) had returned to Egypt with a claim of having become an appointed prophetby the Israeli god. Now Prophet Musa (AS) claims that their God was everywhere and ownedeverything yet He can neither be seen nor touched. This claim of Prophet Musa (AS) waschallenging the authority of Rameses, the god! Prophet Musa (AS) and Prophet Haroun (AS) realized that it was no longer possible forthem to withhold the Allah (SWT) inspired constraints of patience. They decided to exhibit thePowers and the Magnificence of their Lord for the knowledge and observance of all those whowere present. As everyone was paying close attention to what was being exchanged between theProphets (AS) and Rameses, Prophet Musa (AS) threw his staff in front of Rameses. It turnedinto a huge alive snake.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 105…çνy‰ƒ tí“tΡuρ ∩⊂⊄∪ ×⎦⎫Î7•Β ×β$t7÷èèO }‘Ïδ #sŒÎ*sù çν$|Átã 4’s+ø9rsù ∩⊂⊇∪ t⎦⎫Ï%ω≈¢Á9$# š∅ÏΒ |MΨà2 βÎ) ÿ⎯ÏμÎ/ ÏNùsù tΑ$s% ∩⊂⊃∪ &⎦⎫Î7•Β &™ó©y´Î/ y7çGø⁄Å_ öθs9uρr& tΑ$s% t t ∩⊂⊂∪ t⎦⎪ÌÏà≈¨Ζ=Ï9 â™!$ŸÒø‹t/ }‘Ïδ #sŒÎ*ù s Musa replied, “Even if I show you something plain and convincing?” Pharaoh challenged, “Produce it then, if you are the truthful!” Then Musa flung down his staff and it became a real serpent. And he drew forth his hand and lo! It appeared as white, emanating light. (Quran: 26/30-33) The transformation of the staff into a menacing snake had bewildered Rameses andamazed those who were present. Rameses was an arrogant tyrant, and the arrogance alwaysmisleads into self-grandeur. The self-grandeur refuses to accept the reality even though thereality is crystal clear. Rameses turned to his courtiers and priests. He said, “Here are two wizards. They want totake control of you! They want you to change your lifestyles! What do you say?” The counselors suggested that both Prophet Musa (AS) and Prophet Haroun (AS) bedetained until the Egyptians were able to assemble their most powerful magicians. TheseEgyptian magicians will confront these two Prophets. The counselors assured Rameses that theirselected magicians would be able to overpower whatever magic these two Prophets claim topossess. Prophet Musa (AS) and Prophet Haroun (AS) were detained by the decree of Rameses.Meanwhile his couriers spread out in search of the best-known Egyptian magicians. SuccessfulEgyptian magicians were to be awarded huge financial rewards and high positions in thekingdom. An annual festival-day was declared to be the day when the Prophets Musa (AS) andHaroun (AS) would face the might of Rameses through his renowned magicians. On the day ofthe festival, the citizens of Egypt assembled in an open arena to pay homage to their self-appointed god pharaoh. This particular event had been promoted and publicized as a major eventwhen the two opponents would exhibit their best magical powers. The event attracted morepeople than usual. Some of the spectators had traveled from the outer regions of Egypt to witnessthe much advertised spectacle. When all the spectators were seated, Rameses and his officials arrived amidst pomp andglory and were seated according to their status. The Egyptian magicians entered the arena andwere welcomed with loud cheers from the crowd. Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) were escorted by soldiers. When the competitorsfaced each other, the arena was in complete silence. Prophet Musa (AS) arose and addressed themagicians: “The curse of Allah will befall upon you if you lie and call His Miracles magic. Youmust be honest today and interpret it truthfully. Allah’s Punishment is severe and He punishesthose who invent lies against Him!” The magicians paid close attention to what had been said to them, but their motivationwas to earn as much wealth as they could by exhibiting their best skills. They were confident intheir ability to overpower any magic, which was to be shown by Prophet Musa (AS). The Egyptians were to perform first. As they had been briefed about the incident whichhad brought them to this contest, they threw their magical wands on the ground; these wandsturned into slithering snakes. The spectators watched in true amazement while Rameses and hiscounselors applauded the magicians’ exhibition. The Egyptian magicians were overjoyed andlooked at Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) for their response.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 106 Prophet Musa (AS) arose and threw his staff among the slithering snakes. The staffturned into a huge serpent, which ate up all those snakes that had been produced by the Egyptianmagicians. The crowd was completely silent. Rameses and his people watched in amazement atthe failure of their magicians. Prophet Musa (AS) bent down and picked up the serpent, whichimmediately turned back into his staff. The crowd rose and cheered this transformation. Theyhad never witnessed anything like it before. The Egyptian magicians realized that they were facing a phenomenon that was not a meremagic but Truth and Reality. These magicians went into prostration and publicly declared, “Webelieve in the Lord of Musa and Haroun!” This was a huge defeat and a heavy humiliation for Rameses. Expressing his anger at hiscounselors and still trying to maintain his dignity as the god of Egypt, Rameses decreed that thedemonstration and the outcome had been secretly prearranged between Prophets Musa (AS) andHaroun (AS) and the Egyptian magicians. Rameses decreed that unless the Egyptian magicianspublicly confessed about their crime, they would be executed. The magicians refused todenounce what they had seen as the physical truth and told Rameses accordingly.çν%s{r&uρ ÷μÅ_ö‘& (#þθä9$s% ∩⊂∈∪ šχρããΒùs? #sŒ$yϑsù ⎯ÍνÌósÅ¡Î0 Νà6ÅÊö‘r& ô⎯ÏiΒ Νä3y_Ìøƒä† βr& ߉ƒÌム∩⊂⊆∪ ÒΟŠÎ=tæ íÅs≈|¡9 #x‹≈yδ ¨βÎ) ÿ…çμs9öθym Z∼yϑù=Ï9 tΑ$s% r sΛä⎢Ρr& ö≅yδ Ĩ$¨Ζ=Ï9 Ÿ≅ŠÏ%uρ ∩⊂∇∪ 5Θθè=÷è¨Β 5Θöθƒ ÏM≈s)‹ÏϑÏ9 äοtys¡¡9$# yìÏϑàfsù ∩⊂∠∪ 5ΟŠÎ=tæ A‘$−sy™ Èe≅à6Î/ š‚θè?ùtƒ ∩⊂∉∪ t⎦⎪Îų≈ym È⎦É⎩!#y‰yϑø9$# ’Îû ô]è/$#uρ t y ö∩⊆⊇∪ ⎦⎫Î7Î=≈tóø9$# ß⎯øtwΥ $¨Ζä. βÎ) #·ô_V{ $uΖs9 ¨⎦É⎩r& tβöθtãöÏÏ9 (#θä9$s% äοtys¡¡9$# u™!%y` $£ϑn=sù ∩⊆⊃∪ t⎦⎫Î7Î=≈tóø9$# ãΝèδ (#θçΡ%x. βÎ) nοtys¡¡9$# ßìÎ7®KtΡ $uΖ¯=yès9 ∩⊂®∪ tβθãèÏϑtGøg’Χ t$¯ΡÎ) tβöθãÏù Í﨓ÏèÎ/ (#θä9$s%uρ öΝß㧋ÅÁÏãρ öΝçλm;$t7Ïm (#öθs)ø9rsù ∩⊆⊂∪ tβθà)ù=•Β Λä⎢Ρr& !$tΒ (#θà)ø9r& #©y›θ•Β Μçλm; tΑ$s% ∩⊆⊄∪ ⎦⎫Î/§s)ßϑø9$# z⎯Ïϑ©9 #]ŒÎ) öΝä3¯ΡÎ)uρ öΝyètΡ tΑ$s% t ö u t∩⊆∠∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑ=≈yèø9$# Éb>Î/ $¨ΖtΒ#u™ (#þθä9$s% ∩⊆∉∪ t⎦⎪ωÉf≈y™ äοtys¡¡9$# u’Å+ø9ésù ∩⊆∈∪ tβθä3Ïùùtƒ $tΒ ß#s)ù=s? }‘Ïδ #sŒÎ*sù çν$|Átã 4©y›θãΒ 4’s+ø9rsù ∩⊆⊆∪ tβθç7Î=≈tóø9$# ß⎯ósuΖs9 n tôΜä3ƒÏ‰÷ƒr& £⎯èÏeÜ%_{ 4 tβθçΗs>÷ès? t∃öθ¡n=sù tósÅb¡9$# ãΝä3yϑ¯=tæ “Ï%©!$# ãΝä.çÎ6s3s9 …çμ¯ΡÎ) ( öΝä3s9 tβsŒ#u™ ÷βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% …çμs9 óΟçGΨtΒ#u™ tΑ$s% ∩⊆∇∪ tβρã≈yδuρ 4©y›θãΒ Éb>u‘ t y s |!$¨Ψä. βr& !$uΖ≈u‹≈sÜz $oΨš/u‘ $uΖs9 tÏøóƒ βr& ßìyϑôÜΡ $¯ΡÎ) ∩∈⊃∪ tβθç7Î=s)ΖãΒ $uΖÎn/u‘ 4’n<Î) !$¯ΡÎ) ( öÊ Ÿω (#θä9$s% ∩⊆®∪ š⎥⎫ÏèuΗødr& öΝä3¨Ψt7Ïk=|¹_{uρ 7#≈n=Åz ô⎯ÏiΒ /ä3n=ã_ö‘&uρ y t t u | r ∩∈⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# tΑ¨ρr& Pharaoh said to his chiefs around him, “Lo! This is an expert wizard, who would drive you out of your land by his magic. Now what is your counsel?” They said, “Detain him and his brother, and send the city summoners who will bring back here every knowledgeable wizard.” So the wizards were gathered together at a set time on an appointed day. And the assembled crowd of the people were asked, “Have you understood why you have gathered?” They replied: “Yes, so that we may follow the wizards who are winners.” And when the wizards came, they asked from Pharaoh: “Will there surely be a reward for us if we are the winners?” He replied, “Yes, and you will then surely be promoted to be near me!” Musa said to them, “Throw what you are going to throw.” Then they threw down their cords and their staves and said, “By Pharaoh’s might, lo! We already are the winners.” Then Musa threw his staff and lo! It swallowed all that which did falsely show. The wizards immediately went into prostration and declared, loudly, “We believe in the Lord of the Worlds! The Lord of Musa and Haroun!” Pharaoh said, “You have put your faith in him without my permission! Lo! He (Musa) is doubtlessly your chief who taught you magic! But shortly you will be made aware. Surely I will cut off your hands and your feet alternatively, and will then crucify everyone of you.” They replied, “It is not going to hurt us, for lo! We will return to our Lord. Lo! We sincerely hope that our Lord will forgive us our sins because we are the first of the believers.” (Quran: 26/34-51) These Egyptian magicians were renowned all over Egypt and were among the mostfamous in their nation. Most of the Egyptians were living in the dark ages of ignorance and idol
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 107worshipping. The pharaoh was their god and they had many other deities to whom they bowedand prayed for their needs. If it were a dry spell, they prayed to their rain god. If the cropproduced higher yields than normal, sacrifices were made to the god of farms. Every need had adifferent god and these gods or deities could only be reached through the local magicians. Themagicians had ranks parallel to those of the priests. By declaring their allegiance to Allah (SWT)in the presence of Rameses, his priests, his counselors, and the majority of Egyptians, thesemagicians had disgraced Rameses and challenged his authority as the god of Egypt. Even if this demonstration was to be overlooked, the fact remained that the masses couldbe turned against Rameses and his godlike authority. Rameses decreed that the Egyptianmagicians’ limbs be cut off individually to increase their sufferings, and then they be hung on thecrosses and put in public places as a warning to those who might think of defying his supremacyas the god of Egypt. Rameses also decreed that Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) bedetained in the prison until they accept Rameses as the true god. Much to his displeasure, all ofhis soldiers were afraid to even approach the two prophets, as they had seen the power of theirstaff. Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) just walked away from their confinement withoutbeing challenged by any soldier. The magicians were, however, put to death as promulgated byRameses. Rameses seething with anger, summoned all his advisers and high-ranking priests toanalyze and discuss this new issue of the God of Musa. When those summoned officials hadassembled; Rameses reminded them that he had established a kingdom wherein all his subjectswere worshipping him as the god of Egypt. What Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) haddone was a direct challenge to his status as the god. All of these rebellious persons had declaredthat there was no other God than Allah, and they had sworn their allegiance to Allah. This madeRameses a liar. He questioned the chief priest, Haman: “Oh Haman! Am I a liar?” Haman was shaken by this sudden question and fell upon his knees in front of Rameses,and said, “Who would dare to accuse the Pharaoh of lying?” Rameses asked, “Didn’t Musa say that there is a Lord in the heaven above?” Haman replied, “Musa is the liar.” Rameses, looking around at his assembly, said, “I know Musa lies!” Then again he turned towards the chief priest Haman and said, “Build for me a tower sothat I can enter heavens and look upon Allah, the God of Musa, although I still think that Musa isa liar.” Rameses’ statement was an open declaration that he was the only god in existence andhad to be obeyed and worshiped as a god. There was no other god. His tower to the heavenswould prove that point for the masses. The arrogance of Rameses had reached its pinnacle andwas at the stage when Almighty Allah (SWT) Seals the fate of the arrogant tyrants. That is whenthe gifted senses to comprehend and appreciate the Truth and Reality are replaced by the uglydarkness of ignorance. The person so afflicted will not be able to reprieve himself, for Allah(SWT) will Forgive all the sins except those which associate a partner to Him or the one whocreates another deity as a parallel to Him. Moreover, Allah (SWT) had banished, forever, Iblis,Satan, when the latter exhibited the self-grandeur and the arrogance only once, but refused toapologize and seek His Mercy! Haman assured that the orders for the building of the tower would be issued immediately,and he tried to console Rameses by saying, “However, your majesty, you will never find anyonein the heavens. There is no other god but you.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 108Ïμ≈s9Î) #’n<Î) ßìÎ=©Û& þ’Ìj?è©9 $[m÷|À ’Ík< ≅yèô_$$sù È⎦⎫ÏeÜ9$# ’n?tã ß⎯≈yϑ≈yγ≈tƒ ’Í< ô‰Ï%÷ρrù ”Îöxî >μ≈s9Î) ô⎯ÏiΒ Νà6s9 àMôϑÎ=tã $tΒ _|yϑø9$# $y㕃r¯≈tƒ ãβöθtãöÏù tΑ$s%uρ r y s ∩⊂∇∪ t⎦⎫Î/É‹≈s3ø9$# š∅ÏΒ …çμ‘ΖàßV{ ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ 4†y›θãΒ And Pharaoh said, “Oh chiefs! I do not know if you have a god other me, so heat your ovens, O Haman, to bake the mud for bricks, and set up for me a lofty tower in order that I may survey the God of Musa; and lo! I deem him to be amongst liars.” (Quran: 28/38)߉ø‹Ÿ2 $tΒuρ 4 È≅‹Î6¡¡9$# Ç⎯tã £‰ß¹ρ ⎯Ï&Î#ϑã â™þθß™ tβöθtãöÏÏ9 t⎦Éi⎪ã— y7Ï9≡x‹Ÿ2uρ 4 $/É‹≈Ÿ2 …çμ‘ΖàßV{ ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ 4©y›θãΒ Ïμ≈s9Î) #’n<Î) yìÎ=©Ûrsù ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# |=≈t7ó™r& u y t ∩⊂∠∪ 5>$t6s? ’Îû ωÎ) šχöθtãöÏù Thus what seemed fair to the evil mind of Pharaoh was sealed and he was debarred from the righteous way. The plot of Pharaoh ended in ruin. (Quran: 40/37) Pharaoh Rameses was finding it difficult to subdue his anger and conceal the fact that hehad been publicly humiliated and insulted by a person whom he had raised as a prince of Egyptfrom infancy. Rameses was astonished at the powers Musa (AS) had exhibited and the cowardiceand inability of his soldiers to arrest both him and his brother. Both of them had walked awayfrom the arena, while he The Rameses watched them and the soldiers who refused to make anyattempts to stop them. Rameses wanted his assembly to tell him the proper line of actionpromulgated and the campaign planned to stop Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) fromfurther damaging Rameses’s image among his nation. The person in charge of security and intelligence informed Rameses that he had launchedan extensive campaign among the Egyptians to disgrace the images of Musa, Haroun, and theMagicians. The stories had been created and circulated among the Egyptians, which showed thatall these contestants had joined in a conspiracy to defame the beloved pharaoh Rameses. Some ofthose executed had even confessed to their crimes of conspiracy! The police officers hadexecuted all the magicians and their bodies were publicly displayed in the squares and markets.The public was warned that the those plotting new plots or those who worshipped any god otherthan Pharaoh Rameses would also be executed. The army was asked about their preparations andreadiness. The army chief assured Rameses that the army was fully behind him and wouldfaithfully engage into any battle he commanded. Haman wanted to know what Rameses desired concerning the people of Israel and theirleaders. Rameses looked around his assembly for suggestions but none came. Rameses orderedthat the newborn sons of Israelites be killed, their women raped and humiliated, and their generalpopulation subjected to every disgrace in any manner preferred by the Egyptians. This decree of Rameses was immediately put into action. The news of this carnagereached Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS). Both of them preached for patience and assuredtheir nation that Allah (SWT) would Help when He felt it was necessary. Both of them asked theIsraelites to increase their prayers to Allah (SWT) and beg for His Mercy. The Israelites werereminded to recall the patience exercised by the magicians when they had to face the tyranny ofRameses! In spite of these assurances, the nation of Israel found it difficult to accept thereasoning offered by their prophets. They had been suffering in slavery and bondage for a longtime. The new miseries found them helplessly enduring ongoing killings, rapes, andhumiliations. They complained to Prophet Musa (AS):
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 109y#‹Ÿ2 tÝàΖu‹sù ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû öΝà6Î=÷‚tGó¡tƒuρ öΝà2¨ρ߉㠚Î=ôγムβr& öΝä3š/u‘ 4©|¤ã tΑ$s% 4 $oΨoKø⁄Å_ $tΒ Ï‰÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒuρ $uΖu‹Ï?ùs? βr& È≅ö7s% ⎯ÏΒ $oΨƒÏŒρé& (#þθä9$s% ø x t t ∩⊇⊄®∪ tβθè=yϑ÷ès? They said, “We suffered hurt before you came to us and since you have come back amongst us!” Musa replied, “It may be that your Lord is going to destroy your enemy and make you viceroys to replace them, so that He may see how you behave!” (Quran: 7/129) Prophet Musa (AS) found himself in a precarious condition. The Israelites were sufferingatrocities from Rameses’ army and were on the verge of a mutiny against him. Prophet Musa(AS) feared that his people might reject his preaching. Rameses was angry with him and wascampaigning against him and his message. To add to his problems, an Israelite, named Qaroun(Korah) had started a vicious campaign against Prophet Musa (AS) among the nation of Israel. Qaroun was an Israeli who had amassed a huge wealth for himself at the expense of theother Israelites. Being the only rich person in his nation, Qaroun had also become corrupt andarrogant. Qaroun would treat his poor national-counterparts with contempt and would taunt themby saying that they remained poor because they had no common sense and intelligence towardsprogress. Prophet Musa (AS) had advised Qaroun to pay zakat; the alms mandated for the poor,based on his wealth as had been mandated by Allah (SWT). Qaroun was angry with Prophet Musa (AS) for having interjected on behalf of the poorand also for reminding him about his due obligations related to his abundant wealth. Qarounresented anyone who dared to remind him about his obligations. Qaroun was known to never paythe lawful wages to his laborers on time. His contractors had to chase after him for their dues.Qaroun had no mercy for anyone. When Prophet Musa (AS) reminded Qaroun about histreatment toward the poor of his nation and the payment of Zakat, Qaroun developed anobsession against the Prophet. When Qaroun calculated the proportionate amount of zakat due from him, the net figureshocked him, as it was a huge amount. Qaroun had no intention of parting with any portion of hiswealth voluntarily. He started rumors to defame Prophet Musa (AS). One of the rumors was thatProphet Musa (AS) had invented the issue of zakat for his own benefit and that it was never aDivine directive. Qaroun bribed some of his henchmen to spread the rumor around among theIsraelites. Allah (SWT) Warned Prophet Musa (AS) that the plots of Qaroun were impeding thespread of Worship of Allah (SWT) among the nation. Prophet Musa (AS) pleaded with Allah(SWT) to destroy Qaroun and his wealth. He wanted Qaroun to become an example for thosewho deny Allah’s (SWT) Mercies and refuse to comply with His directives. Allah’s (SWT)Wrath destroyed all that belonged to Qaroun in one night. His huge mansion and gardens wereannihilated as if they never existed.Ÿω …çμãΒöθ% …çμ9 Α$s% øŒÎ) Íο§θà)ø9$# ’Í<ρé& Ïπ6óÁãèø9$$Î/ é&þθãΖtGs9 …çμptÏB$xtΒ ¨βÎ) !$tΒ Î—θãΖä3ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™uρ ( öΝÎγøŠ=tæ 4©xöt7sù 4©y›θãΒ ÏΘöθs% ⎯ÏΒ šχ%Ÿ2 tβρã≈s% ¨βÎ) * s s t t n!$yϑŸ2 ⎯Å¡ômr&uρ ( $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# š∅ÏΒ y7t7ŠÅÁΡ š[Ψs? Ÿωρ ( nοtÅzFψ$# u‘#¤$!$# ª!$# š9t?#u™ !$yϑ‹Ïù ÆtGö/$#uρ ∩∠∉∪ t⎦⎫ÏmÌxø9$# =Ïtä† Ÿω ©!$# ¨βÎ) ( ÷ytøs? t uχr& öΝn=èƒ öΝs9uρr& 4 ü“ωΖÏã AΟù=Ïæ 4’n?tã …çμçFÏ?ρé& !$yϑ¯ΡÎ) tΑ$s% ∩∠∠∪ t⎦⎪ωšøßϑø9$# =Ïtä† Ÿω ©!$# ¨βÎ) ( ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû yŠ$|¡xø9$# Æö7s? Ÿωuρ ( šø‹s9Î) ª!$# z⎯|¡ômr& ÷ t4’?tã ly‚sù ∩∠∇∪ šχθãΒÌôfßϑø9$# ÞΟÎγÎ/θçΡèŒ ⎯tã ã≅t↔ó¡ç„ Ÿωuρ 4 $Yè÷Ηsd çsYò2r&uρ Zο§θè% çμ÷ΖÏΒ ‘‰x©r& uθèδ ô⎯tΒ Èβρãà)ø9$# š∅ÏΒ ⎯Ï&Î#ö7s% ⎯ÏΒ y7n=÷δr& ô‰s% ©!$# n y tš⎥⎪Ï%!$# tΑ$s%uρ ∩∠®∪ 5ΟŠÏàã >eáym ρä%s! …çμ¯ΡÎ) ãβρã≈s% š†ÎAρé& !$tΒ Ÿ≅÷WÏΒ $oΨs9 |Mø‹n=≈tƒ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# nο4θuŠysø9$# šχρ߉ƒÌムš⎥⎪Ï%©!$# tΑ$s% ( ⎯ÏμÏFt⊥ƒÎ— ’Îû ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% © t
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 110$yϑù uÚö‘F{$# ÍνÍ‘#y‰Î/uρ ⎯ÏμÎ/ $oΨø|¡ƒm ∩∇⊃∪ šχρçÉ9≈¢Á9$# ωÎ) !$yγ9¤)n=ムŸωρ $[sÎ=≈|¹ Ÿ≅Ïϑtãuρ š∅tΒ#u™ ô⎯yϑÏj9 ×öyz «!$# Ü>#uθrO öΝà6n=÷ƒuρ zΝù=Ïèø9$# (#θè?ρé& s s uχr(3÷ƒuρ tβθä9θà)tƒ ħøΒF{$$Î/ …çμΡ%s3Β (#öθ¨Ψyϑs? š⎥⎪Ï%©!$# yxt7ô¹r&uρ ∩∇⊇∪ ⎯ƒÎÅÇtGΨßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ šχ%x. $tΒuρ «!$# Èβρߊ ⎯ÏΒ …çμtΡρçÝÇΖtƒ 7π⁄Ïù ⎯ÏΒ …çμs9 tβ%Ÿ2 s t t z t ∩∇⊄∪ tβρãÏ≈s3ø9$# ßxÎ=øムŸω …çμ¯Ρr(s3÷ƒuρ ( $uΖÎ/ y#|¡y‚s9 $oΨø‹n=tã ª!$# £⎯¨Β βr& Iωöθs9 ( â‘ωø)tƒuρ ⎯ÍνÏŠ$t7Ïã ô⎯ÏΒ â™!$t±o„ ⎯yϑÏ9 šXø—Îh9$# äÝÝ¡ö6ƒ ©!$# t Now Qaroun was of Musa’s folk, but he oppressed them; and We gave him so much treasure that the storing of all would be a heavy burden for an army of mighty men. When his own folk said to him, “Do not be arrogant; Lo! Allah does not like arrogance; instead invest for the Hereafter from whatever Allah has given you, and forget not your obligations to the world you live in, and you should be kind as Allah is kind to you, and do not promote corruption in the earth; Lo! Allah does not love corrupters.” He replied, “I have been given it only on account of knowledge I possess.” Didn’t he know that Allah had already destroyed generations before him, who were mightier than him in strength and greater in respect of following? The guilty are not questioned about their sins. When he used to go amongst his people in his pomp; those who had sought the riches of the world would envy him and say, “We wish that we had been given what has been given to Qaroun! Lo! He is rich in fortunes.” But those who were righteous said, “Shame on you! The Reward of Allah for the one who is a Believer and Righteous is better, and only the steadfast would earn it.” So We caused the earth to swallow him and his dwelling place. Then he had no host to help him against Allah, nor was he of those who can save themselves. And the morning found those who had only yesterday coveted his place crying, “Ah what a day! Allah enlarges the provisions for whom He will of His slaves and strains it for whom He will. If Allah had not been gracious to us He would have caused it to swallow us also. Ah, what a day! The disbelievers never prosper.” (Quran: 28/76-82) The news about Qaroun’s destruction reached the pharaoh’s court and Rameses did notlike it. Rameses learned that Prophet Musa (AS) had publicly invoked help from Allah (SWT).There was a rumor going around that Allah was helping Prophet Musa (AS) defeat his enemies.Rameses believed that his kingdom was being threatened by the presence of Prophet Musa (AS).Rameses suggested that Prophet Musa (AS) be assassinated immediately. All those presentsupported this idea except one member. This opponent to the planned assassination offered:“Musa has said nothing more than that Allah is his Lord. He has submitted clear evidence tosupport his claim. We have two options: to believe that Musa is righteous, or to believe that he isa liar. If Musa is lying, he will be responsible for his lies. If he is righteous and we slay him, isthere any guarantee that we will be spared the Wrath of Allah? This has been demonstrated in thecase of Qaroun! In any case killing him will not solve our problems.” Pharaoh Rameses displayed his anger at the person opposing his plans. He knew he hadthe support of every person present except this person and continued to oppose the plan despitebeing threatened with his life. This opposer to the plan cautioned all those present, includingRameses, that they were inviting a disastrous doom for themselves by trying to harm ProphetMusa (AS). For Rameses it was a predicament he had recently observed with the magicians; themagicians had declared their allegiance to Allah (SWT) instead of Rameses. Now, a seniormember of his cabinet was displaying loyalty to Prophet Musa (AS)!à7tƒ βÎ)uρ ( öΝä3În/§‘ ⎯ÏΒ ÏM≈uΖÉit7ø9$$Î/ Μä.u™!%` ô‰s%uρ ª!$# }†În1‘ tΑθà)tƒ βr& ¸ξã_‘ tβθè=çFø)s?r& ÿ…çμuΖ≈yϑƒÎ) ÞΟçFõ3tƒ šχöθãöÏù ÉΑ#u™ ô⎯ÏiΒ Ö⎯ÏΒ÷σ•Β ×≅ã_u‘ tΑ$s%uρ y u u tà7ù=ßϑø9$# ãΝä39 ÉΘöθ)≈tƒ ∩⊄∇∪ Ò>#¤‹x. Ô∃Îô£ãΒ uθèδ ô⎯tΒ “ωöκu‰ Ÿω ©!$# ¨βÎ) ( öΝä.߉Ïèƒ “Ï%©!$# âÙ÷èt/ Νä3ö6ÅÁム$]%ÏŠ$|¹ à7tƒ βÎ)ρ ( …çμç/É‹x. Ïμø‹n=yèsù $/É‹≈Ÿ2 s s t u∩⊄®∪ ÏŠ$x©§9$# Ÿ≅‹Î6y™ ωÎ) ö/ä3ƒÏ‰÷δ& !$tΒuρ 3“‘& !$tΒ ωÎ) öΝä3ƒÍ‘é& !$tΒ ãβöθtãöÏù tΑ$s% 4 $tΡu™!%y` βÎ) «!$# Ĩùt/ .⎯ÏΒ $tΡçÝÇΖtƒ ⎯yϑsù ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû z⎯ƒÌÎγ≈sß tΠθu‹ø9$# r u r ö߉ƒÌムª!$# $tΒρ 4 öΝÏδω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$#uρ yŠθßϑOuρ 7Š%tæuρ 8yθçΡ ÏΘöθs% É>ù&yŠ Ÿ≅÷WÏΒ ∩⊂⊃∪ É>#t“ômF{$# ÏΘöθtƒ Ÿ≅÷WÏiΒ Νä3ø‹=tæ ß∃%s{r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ z⎯tΒ#u™ ü“Ï%©!$# tΑ$s%uρ u r n
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 111ô⎯ÏΒ …çμ9 $yϑù ª!$# È≅Î=ôÒム⎯tΒρ 3 5ΟϹ%tæ ô⎯ÏΒ «!$# z⎯ÏiΒ Νä3s9 $tΒ ⎦⎪ÌÎ/ô‰ãΒ tβθ—9uθè? tΠöθtƒ ∩⊂⊄∪ ÏŠ$uΖ−F9$# tΠöθtƒ ö/ä3ø‹n=tæ ß∃%s{r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ÏΘöθs)≈tƒuρ ∩⊂⊇∪ ÏŠ$t7Ïèù=Ïj9 $Vϑù=àß s s u t ∩⊂⊂∪ 7Š$yδ And a believing man of Pharaoh’s family, who hid his faith said, “ Would you kill a man because he says ‘My Lord is Allah, and has brought clear proofs from your Lord! If he is lying then his lie is upon him. And if he is truthful, then some of that which he threatens you will strike you. Lo! Allah guides no one who is a prodigal, a liar. O my people! Yours is the kingdom today, you are the highest of the land. But who would save us from the wrath of Allah should it reach us?’ Pharaoh said, “I want to show you what I think. And I do caution you to use wisdom.” And he who believed said, “O my people! Lo! I fear for you a fate like that of the old factions; a plight like that of Nuh’s folk, and Aad and Thamud, and those after them, and Allah wishes no injustice for His slaves. And O my people! Lo! I fear for a day of summoning, A day when you will turn to flee, having no preserver from Allah: and he whom Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide. (Quran 40: 28-33) Rameses did not want his kingdom and his authority as the self-appointed god of Egypttarnished or reduced. He knew that Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) were gaining moresupport, secretly, among his subjects. Rameses decided to have another showdown with ProphetMusa (AS) and summoned him to his court. Rameses asked what would satisfy Prophet Musa(AS). Prophet Musa (AS) repeated his demand that the children of Israel be released from theslavery of the Egyptians. Rameses suggested that the decision about the future of the children ofIsrael be made during an open meeting with all his subjects. A day of assembly for all the peoplewas appointed. On the appointed day, when all those invited had assembled, Rameses addressedthem and told everyone present that he was the god of Egypt because • He was the one who fulfilled all their essential needs. • He could be seen in person and he would answer them in person. • He was living among them. • Furthermore, he said that Prophet Musa (AS) was talking about Allah, a God that no one had ever seen and talked to in person. • Moreover He was living in the Heavens above. Then Rameses called a few people from the Israelites and asked them if they had everseen or talked to Prophet Musa’s (AS) Allah (SWT). The Israelites shook their heads in negation.Obviously, their answers were in negative. Rameses further asked them if the Egyptian officialshad provided them with their daily subsistence. They nodded in assent, as the answer waspositive. And, finally, Rameses questioned the Israelites: “Am I talking to you and you areanswering back to me? And are we in each other’s presence?” Again, they nodded in assent.Triumphantly, Rameses looked at all his courtiers and subjects and asked these Israelites to see ifProphet Musa’s (AS) Allah (SWT) could talk to them in the same manner as Rameses had! Allthe years of oppression and toil of slavery had instilled fear of retaliatory punishment among thepeople of Israel. These Israelites were no different from the majority of their counterparts; theyinstantly bowed down in submission and accepted Rameses as god. Prophet Musa (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for His guidance. Allah (SWT) CommandedProphet Musa (AS) to warn the pharaoh about the punishment for deviating from truth andpersecuting the children of Israel. But Rameses had publicly gained an advantage over the stateof mind of the Israelites with his clever manipulation, refused to let go of the children of Israel.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 112 Allah (SWT) Warned that the River Nile will withhold its water from replenishing theplantations and the agricultural fields on its banks. This shortage of water produced a major cropfailure that led to a food famine in Egypt. Rameses, his priests, and his counselors remainedarrogant and refused to beg for Allah’s (SWT) Mercy. Allah (SWT) then Instructed the RiverNile to flood the area, thus devastating the fertile lands. Some of these high officials approached Prophet Musa (AS) and begged him to invokethe Mercy of his Allah (SWT) and save Egypt from the disaster. They promised that if theirwishes were fulfilled they would advocate and arrange for the release of the children of Israel.û©Í_t/ šèΒ £⎯=Å™÷ã∴s9uρ y7s9 ¨⎦s⎞ÏΒ÷σãΖs9 t“ô_Ìh9$# $¨Ψtã |Møt±. ∅Í×s9 ( x8y‰ΖÏã ‰Îγtã $yϑÎ/ y7−/u‘ $uΖs9 äí÷Š$# ©y›θßϑ≈tƒ (#θä9$s% â“ô_Ìh9$# ÞΟÎγøŠn=tæ yìs%uρ $£ϑs9uρ y t n x y ∩⊇⊂⊆∪ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) And when the terror fell upon them they cried: “O Musa! Pray for us to your Lord, because He has a covenant with you. If you remove this terror from us, we will believe in you and let the Children of Israel go with you.” (Quran: 7/134) Prophet Musa (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for Mercy and the punishment was lifted. Butthe Egyptians reneged on their promises and refused to release the children of Israel frombondage and slavery. Allah (SWT) Directed swarms of locusts over Egypt that ate up all the crops in the fields.Another famine struck the Egyptians. Again the Egyptians begged Prophet Musa (AS) to pray toAllah (SWT) for their salvation and promised to release of the Israelites. The locusts wereDirected to leave the area, but the Egyptians did not fulfill their promise again. Another Sign descended from Allah (SWT) in the form of lice, which spread among theEgyptians and afflicted them with various diseases. Prophet Musa (AS) was again approached topray for the release of the Egyptians from this menacing invasion of their bodies. Once again theEgyptians promised to release the Israelites. When the curse of lice was removed, the Egyptiansagain refused to release the Israelites. The next epidemic to hit the Egyptians was the invasion of masses of frogs. The frogswere all over Egypt and in every nook and cranny of every Egyptian house. Their food becameinfested with frogs and frog-droppings, and the noise from the frogs was unbearable. TheEgyptians pleaded with Prophet Musa (AS) to pray for release from this menace. One again theEgyptians promised to release the Israelites. Although the frogs did vanish but the Egyptians didnot fulfill their promises again. Then the Egyptians received the worst curse of all: the running waters of the River Nileturned to blood. The Nile water was red like blood with a pungent smell whenever the Egyptiansdrew it or touched it. But when the Israelites touched the water, it remained sweet and tasty forthem. The Egyptians cried and pleaded with Prophet Musa (AS) to help them this last time, andthey would surely comply with their agreement to let the children of Israel go free. Allah (SWT)Answered the prayers for mercy from His Prophets and Commanded the River Nile to revert toits normal state. But the Egyptians did not fulfill their promises again. And each time Rameses took credit for removing the affliction from Egypt. Ramesesdenounced Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) as the wicked magicians who had caused theseevils to occur.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 113öΝκö:ÅÁè? βÎ)uρ ( ⎯ÍνÉ‹≈yδ $uΖs9 (#θä9$s% èπΖ|¡ptø:$# ÞΟßγø?u™!%y` #sŒÎ*ù ∩⊇⊂⊃∪ tβρã2¤‹tƒ óΟßγ¯=yè9 ÏN≡tyϑ¨V9$# z⎯ÏiΒ <Èø)tΡuρ t⎦⎫ÏΖÅb¡9$$Î/ tβöθtãöÏù tΑ#u™ !$tΡõ‹s{r& ô‰s)s9uρ å u s s$tΡtysó¡tFÏj9 7πƒ#u™ ⎯ÏΒ ⎯ÏμÎ/ $uΖÏ?ùs? $yϑôγtΒ (#θä9$s%uρ ∩⊇⊂⊇∪ tβθßϑn=ôèƒ Ÿω öΝèδusYò2r& £⎯Å3≈s9uρ «!$# y‰ΨÏã öΝèδçÈ∝¯≈sÛ $yϑ¯ΡÎ) Iωr& 3 ÿ…çμyè¨Β ⎯tΒuρ 4©y›θßϑÎ/ (#ρç¨©Ütƒ ×πy∞ÍhŠy™ t ô t(#θçΡ%x.ρ (#ρçy9ò6Gó™$$sù ;M≈n=¢Á•Β ;M≈tƒ#u™ tΠ¤$!$#ρ íÏŠ$xÒ9$#ρ Ÿ≅£ϑà)ø9$#uρ yŠ#tpgø:$#uρ tβ$sùθ’Ü9$# ãΝÍκön=tã $uΖù=y™ö‘rsù ∩⊇⊂⊄∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑÎ/ y7s9 ß⎯øtwΥ $yϑsù $pκÍ5 u t x u t u ∩⊇⊂⊂∪ š⎥⎫ÏΒÍ÷g’Χ $YΒöθs% And We inflicted Pharaoh’s folk with famine and dearth of fruits, for they might heed. But whenever good befell them, they said, “This Is our ingenuity;” but whenever evil hit them they ascribed it as the evil auspices of Musa and those with him. Surely their evil auspice was only with Allah. But most of them did not know. And they said, “Whatever portent you bring upon us to bewitch us we shall not put faith in you.” So We sent them the flood and the locusts and the vermin and the frogs and the blood- a succession of clear signs. But they were arrogant and became guilty. (Quran : 7/130-33)∩⊆∠∪ βθä3tõÖˆ $pκ÷]ÏiΒ Νèδ #sŒÎ) !$uΖÏF≈tƒ$t↔Î/ Νèδ™!%` $¬Ηs>sù ∩⊆∉∪ t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèø9$# Éb>u‘ ãΑθß™u‘ ’ÎoΤÎ) tΑ$s)sù ⎯ÏμƒZ∼tΒuρ šχöθtãöÏù 4’n<Î) !$uΖÏF≈tƒ$t↔Î/ 4©y›θãΒ $uΖù=y™ö‘r& ô‰s)s9uρ t p n u yy‰Îγtã $yϑÎ/ y7−/u‘ $uΖs9 äí÷Š$# ãÏm$¡¡9$# t앃r¯≈ƒ (#θä9$s%uρ ∩⊆∇∪ tβθãèÅ_ötƒ öΝßγ¯=yès9 É>#x‹yèø9$$Î/ Νßγ≈tΡõ‹s{r&uρ ( $yγÏF÷zé& ô⎯ÏΒ çt9ò2r& }‘Ïδ ωÎ) >πtƒ#u™ ô⎯ÏiΒ ΟÎγƒÌçΡ $tΒuρ tà7ù=ãΒ ’Í< }§øŠs9r& ÉΘöθ)≈tƒ tΑ$s% ⎯ÏμÏΒöθ% ’Îû ãβöθtãöÏù 3“yŠ$tΡuρ ∩∈⊃∪ šχθèVä3Ζtƒ öΝèδ #sŒÎ) z>#x‹yèø9$# ãΝåκ÷]tã $uΖøt±x. $£ϑn=sù ∩⊆®∪ tβρ߉tGôγßϑs9 $uΖ¯ΡÎ) x8y‰ΖÏã s sÏμø‹n=tã ’Å+ø9é& ωöθ=sù ∩∈⊄∪ ß⎦⎫Î7ムߊ%s3ƒ Ÿωρ ×⎦⎫ÎγtΒ uθèδ “Ï%©!$# #x‹≈yδ ô⎯ÏiΒ ×öyz O$tΡr& ôΘr& ∩∈⊇∪ tβρçÅÇö7è? Ÿξsùr& ( û©ÉLóss? ⎯ÏΒ “ÌøgrB ã≈yγ÷ΡF{$# ÍνÉ‹≈yδuρ uóÇÏΒ u I n t u$tΡθà™#u™ !$£ϑ=sù ∩∈⊆∪ t⎦⎫É)Å¡≈sù $YΒöθ% (#θçΡ%x. öΝßγ¯ΡÎ) 4 çνθãã$sÛrsù …çμtΒöθs% £#y‚Gó™$$sù ∩∈⊂∪ š⎥⎫ÏΡÎtIø)ãΒ èπx6Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# çμyètΒ u™!%` ÷ρr& A=yδsŒ ⎯ÏiΒ ×οu‘Èθó™r& y n s t y ∩∈∉∪ š⎥⎪ÌÅzEζÏj9 WξVtΒρ $Zn=y™ öΝßγ≈oΨù=yèyfsù ∩∈∈∪ š⎥⎫ÏèuΗødr& öΝßγ≈oΨø%tøîrù óΟßγ÷ΨÏΒ $oΨôϑs)tGΡ$# s u s And verily We sent Musa with Our revelations unto Pharaoh and his chiefs and he said, “I am a messenger of the Lord of the Worlds.” But when he brought them Our tokens, behold! They laughed at them. And every token that We showed them was greater than its sister token, and We grasped them with the torment, that maybe they might revert back. And they said, “O Wizard! Entreat your Lord for us by the pact that He had made with you. Lo! We will walk aright.” But when We eased them of the torment, behold! They broke their word. And Pharaoh caused a proclamation to be made among his people saying: “O my people! Is not mine the sovereignty of Egypt and these rivers flowing under me? Can you not then discern? I am surely better than this fellow, who is despicable, and can make his meaning plain! Why, then, have armlets of gold not been set upon him, or angels sent along with him?” Thus he persuaded his people to make light of Musa and they obeyed him. Lo! They were a wanton folk. So, when they angered Us, We punished them and drowned them every one. And we made them a thing past and an example for those who came after them. (Quran: 43/46-56) Prophet Musa (AS) realized that Rameses had no intention of freeing the nation of Israelfrom its slavery and bondage. Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) asked the Israelites to joinin prayer to Allah (SWT) to beg for His Mercy and free them from the yokes of slavery andbondage. Allah (SWT) in His Mercy, Commanded the Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) tolead the Israelites out of Egypt.4©y›θãΒ 4’n<Î) !$uΖø‹ym÷ρr&uρ ∩∇∉∪ t⎦⎪ÍÏ≈s3ø9$# ÏΘöθ)ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ šÏGoΗôqtÎ/ $oΨÅngwΥuρ ∩∇∈∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$# ÏΘöθs)ù=Ïj9 ZπuΖ÷FÏù $uΖù=yèøgB Ÿω $uΖ−/u‘ $uΖù=©.uθs? «!$# ’n?tã (#θä9$s)sù s rš¨ΡÎ) !$Ζ−/u‘ 4©y›θãΒ š^$s%uρ ∩∇∠∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# ÎÅe³o0uρ 3 nο4θn=¢Á9$# (#θßϑŠÏ%r&uρ s#ö6Ï% öΝà6s?θã‹ç/ (#θè=yèô_$#uρ $Y?θã‹ç/ uóÇÏϑÎ/ $yϑä3ÏΒöθs)Ï9 #u™§θt7s? βr& Ïμ‹Åzr&uρ uŸξsù óΟÎγÎ/θè=è% 4’n?tã ÷Šß‰ô©$#uρ óΟÎγÏ9≡uθøΒr& #’n?tã ó§ÏϑôÛ$# $uΖ−/u‘ ( y7Î=‹Î6y™ ⎯tã (#θ=ÅÒã‹Ï9 $uΖ−/u‘ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# Íο4θuŠysø9$# ’Îû Zω≡uθøΒr&uρ ZπoΨƒÎ— …çνV|tΒuρ šχöθtãöÏù |MøŠs?#u™
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 114$tΡø—θ≈y_ρ * ∩∇®∪ tβθßϑ=ôèƒ Ÿω š⎥⎪Ï%©!$# Ÿ≅‹Î6y™ Èeβ!$yèÎ7−Fs? Ÿωuρ $yϑŠÉ)tGó™$$sù $yϑà6è?uθô㨊 Mt6‹Å_é& ô‰s% tΑ$s% ∩∇∇∪ tΛ⎧Ï9F{$# >#x‹yèø9$# (#ãρttƒ 4©®Lym (#θãΖÏΒ÷σムu u n t z⎯ÏμÎ/ ôMuΖΒ#u™ ü“Ï%©!$# ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω …çμ¯Ρr& àMΖtΒ#u™ tΑ$s% ä−ttóø9$# çμŸ2u‘÷Šr& !#sŒÎ) #©¨Lym ( #·ρô‰tãuρ $‹øót/ …çνߊθãΨã_uρ ãβöθtãöÏù óΟßγyèt7ø?rsù óst7ø9$# Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_7Î/ t t t ∩®⊃∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=ó¡ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ O$tΡr&uρ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) (#þθãΖt/ And Musa said, “O my people! If you have believed in Allah then put trust in Him, if you have fully surrendered to Him!” They said, “ In Allah we put our trust. Our Lord! Oh, do not make us a lure for the wrongdoing folk; and, Save us by Your Mercy, from those who are unbelievers.” And We inspired Musa and his brother, “Appoint houses for your people in Egypt and make your house oratories, and establish worship. And give good news to the believers.” And Musa said, “Our Lord! Lo! You have given Pharaoh and his chiefs splendor and riches in the life of the world, Our Lord! They do lead men astray from Your way. Our Lord! Destroy their riches and harden their hearts so that they believe not till they see the painful doom.” He said, “Your prayer is heard. Do you twain keep to the straight path, and follow not the road of those who have no knowledge.” (Quran: 10/85-90) When Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) told their people that Allah (SWT) hadCommanded the children of Israel to leave Egypt under His protection, very few believed in thisDivine Inspiration. Both prophets knew that Rameses had allowed the Israelites his officialpermission to hold their religious festivals in the open fields outside the city limits. The prophetsdecided to take the advantage of the forthcoming festival day to leave Egypt and go toward theRed Sea. In secrecy, the Israelites were advised about this plan. They were instructed to carryonly their precious jewelry and ornaments with them when they left the city. The Egyptianswould not suspect the real intentions of Israelites; they would think that the Israelites were goingout of the city for their festivals and the religious rituals. Usually these rituals lasted for threedays and the Egyptians would not bother them during this time nor would they try to keep theIsraelites under their surveillance. This movement of the Israelites later became known as theExodus. Every night the Israelites would move further away from the city and during the daylighthours would engage in their rituals, all the time inching away from the city. On the third day, theIsraelites were on the beaches of the Red Sea. That same day, Rameses realized that the Israelites had slipped away from the city.Unless he acted promptly, the Israelites might get out of his reach. Rameses ordered immediatemobilization of his troops, at which he was the head. His intentions were to pursue, capture, andreturn with the runaway children of Israel. Rameses wanted to show and impress upon theEgyptians his supreme powers as their king and god of Egypt. By the time the Israelites reached the banks of the Red Sea, they could see the mightyarmy of Egypt approaching them. As soon as the children of Israel saw the Egyptian army, theystarted cursing and accused the Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) of cheating and leadingthem out of Egypt to a sure death. For if they jumped into the sea, the majority of them woulddrown. If they remained on the banks, they would surely be killed by the Egyptians or would betaken back as the runaway slaves; and would face much harder punishments for their attempt toescape. They surrounded both the Prophets menacingly and leveled every abuse and accusationsthey could think of. Prophet Musa (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for guidance. He was Instructed to smite thesea with his staff!
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 115 A fierce wind entered the Red Sea and split it open to make way for the Israelites tocross. Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) lead the children of Israel across the sea. By thetime the Israelites had reached the other end, they noticed that the Egyptian army had reached thebank and was about to enter the passageway that had been created for the Israelites. The Israelites were only afraid of the terror they expected from Rameses; they nevershowed any positive confidence in the Mercy and Deliverance from Allah (SWT)! The childrenof Israel called upon Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) to invoke Allah’s (SWT) Help as themenace of Rameses and his army was coming closer. Allah (SWT) Told Prophet Musa (AS) to observe the punishment that was about to bemeted out to Rameses and his chiefs for their arrogance and cruelty and for their associatingpartners with Allah (SWT). It was Decreed that those who witness this punishment must informfuture generations that no tyrant or an arrogant person will ever be spared the punishment ofAllah (SWT). Whatever happened to Rameses would be a clear sign of the Wrath of Allah(SWT) for the knowledge of all future generations of mankind.∩∈⊆∪ tβθè=‹Î=s% ×πΒÏŒ÷ųs9 Ï™Iωàσ¯≈δ ¨βÎ) ∩∈⊂∪ t⎦⎪Îų≈ym È⎦É⎩!#y‰yϑø9$# ’Îû ãβöθtãöÏù Ÿ≅y™ö‘rsù ∩∈⊄∪ tβθãè7−F•Β /ä3¯ΡÎ) ü“ÏŠ$t6ÏèÎ/ Îó r& ÷βr& #©y›θãΒ 4’n<Î) !$uΖø‹ym÷ρr&uρ * t y tû©Í_t/ $yγ≈oΨøOu‘÷ρr&uρ y7Ï9≡x‹. ∩∈∇∪ 5ΟƒÌx. 5Θ$s)tΒρ :—θãΖä.uρ ∩∈∠∪ 5βθãŠããuρ ;M≈¨Ζy_ ⎯ÏiΒ Νßγ≈oΨô_t÷zsù ∩∈∉∪ tβρâ‘É‹≈ym ìì‹Ïϑpgm: $¯ΡÎ)uρ ∩∈∈∪ tβθÝàÍ←!$tós9 $uΖs9 öΝåκ¨ΞÎ)uρ x u rÈ⎦⎪ωöκuy™ ’În1‘ z©ÉëΒ ¨βÎ) ( Hξx. Α$s% ∩∉⊇∪ tβθä.u‘ô‰ßϑs9 $¯ΡÎ) #©y›θãΒ Ü=≈ysô¹r& tΑ$s% Èβ$yèôϑyfø9$# #u™ℜts? $£ϑn=sù ∩∉⊃∪ š⎥⎫Ï%Îô³•Β Νèδθãèt6ø?rsù ∩∈®∪ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) u t t4©y›θãΒ $uΖøŠpgΥr&uρ ∩∉⊆∪ t⎦⎪ÌyzFψ$# §ΝrO $oΨøs9ø—&uρ ∩∉⊂∪ ÉΟŠÏàèø9$# ÏŠöθ©Ü9$%x. 5−öÏù ‘≅ä. tβ%s3sù t,n=xΡ$$sù ( tóst7ø9$# x8$|ÁyèÎn/ >ÎôÑ$# Èβr& #©y›θãΒ 4’n<Î) !$oΨøŠym÷ρrsù ∩∉⊄∪ r y ∩∉∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏèuΗødr& ÿ…çμyè¨Β ⎯tΒuρ And We inspired Musa, saying: “Take away My slaves, by night, for you will be pursued.” Then Pharaoh sent the summoners into the city, who informed, “Lo! These indeed are but a little troop, and Lo! They have defaulted against us. And Lo! We are a ready host”. Thus did We take them away from gardens and water springs, and treasures and a fair estate. Thus We caused the Children of Israel to inherit them. And they overtook them at sunrise. And when the two hosts saw each other, those with Musa said, “We are indeed trapped.” He said, “Surely not! My Lord is with me. He will guide me.” Then We inspired Musa, saying, “Smite the sea with your staff.” And it parted, and each part was a high mountain. Then We brought others near to that place. And We saved Musa and those with him every one. (Quran: 26/52-65) When Rameses and his army had reached the middle of the open passageway in the sea,the sea was Instructed to close the passageway and resume normal course. When Rameses sawthat the sea was joining and the passageway was disappearing below the deep waters, he declaredout of fear, “I believe in Allah and declare that none is worthy of worship except Allah!” But hisrepentance was too late and of no benefit to him. Moreover, Rameses had reneged on his pledgesin the past many times. Rameses and his army were drowned in the Red Sea. The body of the dead Pharaoh Rameses was ejected out of the Red Sea when the Sea pleaded to Allah (SWT), andsought to be relieved from the burden of carrying the body of an arrogant tyrant. The prayer of the Sea was Granted. Some people found that body on the banks and tried to bury it. All their attempts to bury it were rejected by the earth.These people did not know whose body it was; just surprised that the earth refused to accept it! When the story of these strange happenings reached the high priests, they investigated and found out that it was thePharaoh Rameses. They embalmed it put it in an esophagus. Today, this body is in a museum for the whole of humanity to see. The tests performed on the body have proved that thebody of Rameses had been immersed in water prior to death. It clearly affirms the Revelation that the body of the tyrant and self-proclaimed god of Egypt was neither accepted bythe sea nor by the land.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 116Ⓝ͓yèø9$# θçλm; y7−/u‘ ¨βÎ)uρ ∩∉∠∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΝèδçsYø.r& β%x. $tΒuρ ( ZπtƒUψ 7Ï9≡sŒ ’Îû ¨βÎ) ∩∉∉∪ t⎦⎪ÌyzFψ$# $oΨø%øîr& ¢ΟèO ∩∉∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏèuΗødr& ÿ…çμyè¨Β ⎯tΒuρ 4©y›θãΒ $uΖøŠpgΥr&uρ u t y t ∩∉∇∪ ÞΟ‹Ïm§9$# We drowned the others. Lo! Herein is indeed a portent, yet most of them are not believers. And Lo! Your Lord! He is indeed the Mighty, the Merciful. (Quran: 26/65-68) After being rescued from the tyranny of Rameses and having witnessed the miracle of theparting of the sea by Prophet Musa (AS), the Israelites traveled through the desert, moaning andcomplaining about the severity of the travels. Very reluctantly, they followed the directions ofProphets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS). The children of Israel had not truly appreciated theirfreedom from slavery. Some of the mischievous elements among them were inciting revoltsagainst their prophets and Allah (SWT). Both Prophet Musa (AS) and Prophet Haroun (AS)urged them to be patient and look forward to settling in the place where Allah (SWT) wouldgrant them their own residence. During their march, the nation of Israel passed through adevelopment where all of the inhabitants worshipped manmade idols and images. The Israelitesdemanded that Prophet Musa (AS) should also create an image of God for them, so that theycould worship it, touch it, and feel it. Prophet Musa (AS) cautioned the Israelites about theircultivation towards idolatry and warned them that there were serious consequences for idolatry.×Πöθ% öΝä3¯ΡÎ) Α$s% 4 ×πγÏ9#u™ óΟßγs9 $yϑ. $Yγ≈s9Î) !$uΖ©9 ≅yèô_$# ©y›θßϑ≈tƒ (#θä9$s% 4 öΝçλ°; 5Θ$oΨô¹r& #’n?tã tβθàä3÷èƒ 7Θöθs% 4’n?tã (#öθs?rsù tóst7ø9$# Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t7Î/ $tΡø—uθ≈y_uρ s t y x t’n?tã öΝà6=Òù uθèδρ $Yγ≈s9Î) öΝà6‹Éóö/r& «!$# uöxîr& tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊂®∪ šχθè=ϑ÷ètƒ (#θçΡ%x. $¨Β ×≅ÏÜ≈t/uρ ÏμŠÏù öΝèδ $¨Β ×£9tGãΒ Ï™Iωàσ¯≈yδ ¨βÎ) ∩⊇⊂∇∪ tβθè=yγøgrB n s u y’Îûuρ 4 öΝä.™!$|¡ÎΣ šχθãŠóstFó¡tƒuρ öΝä.u™!$oΨö/r& tβθè=ÏnG)ム( É>#x‹èø9$# u™þθß™ öΝà6tΡθãΒθÝ¡o„ šχöθtãöÏù ÉΑ#u™ ô⎯ÏiΒ Νà6≈uΖøŠpgΥr& øŒÎ)uρ ∩⊇⊆⊃∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# u s y ∩⊇⊆⊇∪ ÒΟŠÏàtã öΝà6În/§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ Ö™ξt/ Νà6Ï9≡sŒ I And We brought the Children of Israel across the sea, and they came amongst people who were practicing idolism. They (Israelites) said, “O Musa! Make for us a god like they have gods.” He replied, “Lo! You are ignorant folks. Lo! As for these people, they are leading themselves towards a sure destruction. And whatever they are doing will not benefit them.” He asked them, “Shall I seek for you a god other than Allah, when He has favored you above all creatures? And remember when We did deliver you from the people of Pharaoh, who were afflicting you with dreadful torments, slaughtering your sons and sparing your women. That was a tremendous trial from your Lord. (Quran: 7/138-141) Thousands of years of slavery and severe punishment meted out by Rameses had createda syndrome of emptiness and a lack of rationality among most of the Israelites. They had seenthe visible Signs of Allah (SWT), yet remained unappreciative of the Divine Mercies showeredupon them as the favorite nation. The aftermath of their newfound freedom from slavery andtheir travels in the deserts had generated a sense of emptiness in their minds. Some of them were more agitated than others, as they had lost their higher positions ofauthority within the Israelites. These positions had been given to them while they were in theservice of the Egyptians. These agitated groups were trying to incite the Israelites to revoltagainst Prophet Musa (AS) and Prophet Haroun (AS) or to persuade them to return to Egypt,where all of them would at least have roofs over their heads. Some of the worst elements among the Israelites confronted the Prophets Musa (AS) andHaroun (AS) and demanded that water be arranged for them in the desert. Prophet Musa (AS)prayed to Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) Ordered Prophet Musa (AS) to strike the rock with his
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 117staff. When the rock was struck, the rock parted and twelve fountains sprang out and producedtwelve streams of fresh water. All the twelve tribes of the Israelites had their own individualwater supplies. Allah (SWT) hid the desert sun behind the clouds to prevent them from heat exposure.Their hunger was relieved with the manna and quails. However, the ungrateful and themischievous among them were never satisfied. Instead of appreciating the generosities andblessings showered upon them by Allah (SWT), demands were being made to provide them withonions, garlic, beans and lentils—the staple foods of the Egyptians. Prophet Musa (AS)admonished the Israelites as ungrateful people. They had been provided with abundant quantitiesof the best quality foods, and yet majority of them wanted to return to Egypt for a life filled withhumiliation!( óΟßγ/uô³¨Β <¨$tΡé& ‘≅à2 zΟÎ=tã ô‰s% ( $YΖøŠtã nοuô³tã $tFt⊥øO$# çμ÷ΖÏΒ ôNtyfxΡ$$sù ( yf⇔ø9$# š‚$|ÁyèÎn/ >ÎôÑ$# $oΨù=à)sù ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs)Ï9 4†y›θãΒ 4’s+ó¡oKó™$# ÏŒÎ)uρ * t t yólÌøƒä† š−/u‘ $oΨs9 äí÷Š$$sù 7‰Ïn≡uρ 5Θ$yèÛ 4’n?tã uÉ9óÁ¯Ρ ⎯s9 4©y›θßϑ≈tƒ óΟçFù=è% øŒÎ)uρ ∩∉⊃∪ t⎦⎪ωšøãΒ ÇÚö‘F{$# †Îû (#öθsW÷ès? Ÿωuρ «!$# É−ø—Íh‘ ⎯ÏΒ (#θç/õ°$#uρ (#θè=à2 s u(#θäÜÎ7÷δ$# 4 îöyz uθèδ ”Ï%©!$$Î/ 4†oΤ÷Šr& θèδ ”Ï%©!$# šχθä9ωö7tGó¡n@r& tΑ$s% ( $yγÎ=|Át/uρ $pκÅy‰tãuρ $yγÏΒθèùuρ $yγÍ←!$¨VÏ%uρ $yγÎ=ø)t/ .⎯ÏΒ ÞÚö‘F{$# àMÎ6.⊥è? $®ÿÊΕ $uΖs9 u«!$# M≈tƒ$t↔Î/ šχρãàõ3ƒ (#θçΡ%x. óΟßγ¯ΡrÎ/ y7Ï9≡sŒ 3 «!$# š∅ÏiΒ 5=ŸÒtóÎ/ ρâ™!$t/uρ èπuΖx6ó¡yϑø9$#uρ ä©!Éj‹9$# ÞΟÎγøŠn=tæ ôM/ÎàÑuρ 3 óΟçFø9ry™ $¨Β Νà6s9 ¨βÎ*ù #óÁÏΒ Ï t t s ∩∉⊇∪ šχρ߉tF÷ètƒ (#θçΡ$Ÿ2¨ρ (#θ|Átã $oÿÏ3 y7Ï9≡sŒ 3 Èd,y⇔ø9$# ÎötóÎ/ z⎯↵ÍhŠÎ;¨Ψ9$# šχθè=çGø)tƒuρ And when Musa asked for water for his people, We said, “Smite the rock with your staff.” And there gushed out twelve springs from thereof, so that each tribe knew their drinking place. Eat and drink of that which Allah has provided and do not act corruptly, making mischief in the earth. And when they said, “O Musa! We are weary of one kind of food; so call upon your Lord for us that He brings forth for us that which grows on the earth- of its herbs, and its cucumbers, and its corn and its lentils, and its onions.” He said, “Would you exchange that which is higher for that which is lower? Go down to settled country, thus you shall get that which you demand.” (Quran: 2/60-61) Allah (SWT) had Directed both Prophet Musa (AS) and Prophet Haroun (AS) to lead thechildren of Israel to the promised land of Palestine. In the past, Allah (SWT) had Accepted andPromised Prophet Ibrahim (AS), the father of the prophets, that the land of Palestine would bereserved for the settlement of the pious and righteous nation, and those who would uphold thelaws of Allah (SWT). He had also promised that such a nation would be raised from amongst hisoffspring. Those children of Israel had shown that they were an ungrateful nation even though theyhad been the most favored people of Allah (SWT). They continued to offer all types of excusesto refrain from performing their duties towards Allah (SWT). Prophet Musa (AS) ordered theIsraelites to fight their enemies and capture the cities of the Canaanites and the Hittites. TheIsraelites refused to mobilize and fight. They told Prophet Musa (AS) that the only way theywould ever enter those cities was if the occupants of the cities vacated for them. Prophet Musa (AS) was truly disappointed in his nation and knew that they lackedrighteousness and obedience. Prophet Musa (AS) prayed hard to Allah (SWT) and begged forHis Mercies upon himself and his brother Prophet Haroun (AS). He asked not to be heldresponsible for the actions of the children of Israel. Allah (SWT) told His prophets that this generation of Israelites had been corrupted by theEgyptians. Therefore, they must wander restlessly in the wilderness until a new generation was
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 118born among them. The new generations would produce worthwhile warriors who would engagein fights for supremacy and would be victorious.t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèø9$# ⎯ÏiΒ #Y‰nr& ÏN÷σムöΝs9 $¨Β Νä39s?#u™ρ %Z.θè=•Β Νä3n=yè_uρ u™!$uŠÎ;/Ρr& öΝä3ŠÏù Ÿ≅yèy_ øŒÎ) öΝä3ø‹n=æ «!$# sπyϑ÷èÏΡ (#ρãä.øŒ$# ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs)Ï9 4©y›θãΒ tΑ$s% øŒÎ)uρ z t u y t$YΒöθ% $pκÏù ¨βÎ) #©y›θßϑ≈tƒ (#θä9$s% ∩⊄⊇∪ ⎦⎪ÎÅ£≈yz (#θç7Î=)ΖtFsù ö/ä.Í‘$t/÷Šr& #’n?tã (#ρ‘‰s?ös? Ÿωuρ öΝä3s9 ª!$# |=Gx. ©ÉL©9$# sπy™£‰s)ßϑø9$# uÚö‘F{$# (#θè=äz÷Š$# ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ ∩⊄⊃∪ s t s t$yϑÍκön=ã ª!$# zΝyè÷Ρr& šχθèù$sƒs† ⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ⎯ÏΒ ÈβŸξã_u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊄∪ šχθè=Åz≡yŠ $¯ΡÎ*sù $yγ÷ΖÏΒ (#θã_ãøƒs† βÎ*sù $yγ÷ΖÏΒ (#θã_ãøƒs† 4©®Lym $yγn=äzô‰¯Ρ ⎯s9 $¯ΡÎ)uρ t⎦⎪Í‘$¬7y_ t t z$¨Β #Y‰/r& !$yγn=äzô‰¯Ρ ⎯s9 $¯ΡÎ) #©y›θßϑ≈tƒ (#θä9$s% ∩⊄⊂∪ ⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΟçGΨä. βÎ) (#þθè=©.uθtGsù «!$# ’n?tãuρ 4 tβθç7Î=≈xî öΝä3¯ΡÎ*sù çνθßϑçGù=yzyŠ #sŒÎ*sù šU$t6ø9$# ãΝÍκön=tã (#θè=äz÷Š$# t tÏΘöθ)ø9$# š⎥÷⎫t/uρ $sΨoΨ÷t/ ø−ãøù$$sù ( ©År&uρ ©Å¤øtΡ ωÎ) à7Î=øΒr& Iω ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>u‘ Α$s% ∩⊄⊆∪ šχρ߉Ïè≈s% $oΨßγ≈yδ $¯ΡÎ) IξÏG≈s)sù šš/u‘uρ |MΡr& ó=yδøŒ$$sù ( $yγŠÏù (#θãΒ#yŠ s t ∩⊄∉∪ š⎥⎫É)Å¡≈xø9$# ÏΘöθs)ø9$# ’n?tã }¨ùs? Ÿξsù 4 ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû šχθßγ‹ÏKtƒ ¡ ZπuΖy™ z⎯ŠÏèt/ö‘r& ¡ öΝÍκön=tã îπtΒ§ptèΧ $yγ¯ΡÎ*sù tΑ$s% ∩⊄∈∪ t⎦⎫É)Å¡≈xø9$# And remember when Musa said to his people, “O my people! Remember Allah’s favors to you, how He place amongst you Prophets, and He made you Kings and Gave you that which He did not give to any other of His creatures. O my People! Go into the Holy Land, which Allah has ordained for you. Do not turn and runaway, as you will surely be the losers:” They said, “O Musa! Lo! A giant people dwell therein, and lo! We do not go in till they go out from there. When they go out then we will enter. ”Then two outspoken men amongst them, who feared their Lord, and to whom Allah had been gracious, said: “Enter in upon them by the gate, for if you enter by it, lo! You will be victorious. So put your trust in Allah if you are indeed believers.” They said, “O Musa! We will never enter the land while they are in it. So you go with your Lord and fight! We will sit here.” He said, “My Lord! I have control of none but my brother, and myself so distinguish between us and the wrongdoing folks.” Their Lord said, “For this the land will surely be forbidden to them for forty years, which they will wander in the earth, bewildered. So grieve not over the wrongdoing folks.” (Quran: 5/20-26) As had been Decreed by Allah (SWT), the Israelites started wandering around in thedeserts. There were neither fixed destinations nor any predetermined goals. Just idle restlessness!When they entered Sinai, Prophet Musa (AS) prayed for divine guidance and mercy over hispeople. Allah (SWT) Ordered Prophet Musa to seclude himself away from his nation and fast forthirty days as a worship to Him. At the end of the fasting period, Prophet Musa (AS) was to gothe sacred point of Tuwa on Mount Tur where Allah (SWT) would Give him the laws, whichwould govern the Israelites. Before departing for the seclusion, Prophet Musa (AS) instructedProphet Haroun (AS) to look after the Israelites and to ensure that they followed the properrituals of prayers and righteousness towards Allah (SWT). Prophet Musa (AS) went to Mount Tur and fasted for thirty days. On the last day, ProphetMusa (AS) approached the point of Tuwa. Before the time of breaking the fast, Prophet Musa(AS) noticed that he was exhaling a pungent smell emanating from his dry mouth and emptystomach. Prophet Musa (AS) did not want to speak to Allah (SWT) with such an odor.Therefore, Prophet Musa (AS) plucked a scented plant and broke his fast with it. Allah (SWT)asked Prophet Musa (AS) why he ate the scented plant. Prophet Musa (AS) replied, “O my Lord!I did not like to approach You with the pungent smell of a dry mouth!” Allah (SWT) Declared: “Don’t you know, O Musa! That the odor of a fasting mouth hasmore fragrance for Me than the fragrance of roses. Go back and fast for ten more days beforecoming back to Me.” Prophet Musa (AS) complied.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 119’ÍΓöθ% ’Îû ©Í_øè=÷z$# šχρã≈yδ ÏμŠÅzL{ 4©y›θãΒ Α$s%ρ 4 s#ø‹s9 š∅ŠÏè/ö‘r& ÿ⎯ÏμÎn/u‘ àM≈s)‹ÏΒ §ΝtGsù 9ô³yèÎ/ $yγ≈uΖôϑyϑø?r&uρ s#ø‹s9 š⎥⎫ÏW≈n=rO 4©y›θãΒ $tΡô‰tã≡uρuρ * s t u töÝàΡ$# Ç⎯Å3≈s9uρ ©Í_1ts? ⎯s9 tΑ$s% 4 šø‹s9Î) öÝàΡr& þ’ÎΤÍ‘r& Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% …çμš/u‘ …çμyϑ¯=x.uρ $uΖÏF≈s)ŠÏϑÏ9 4©y›θãΒ u™!%` $£ϑs9uρ ∩⊇⊆⊄∪ t⎦⎪ωšøßϑø9$# Ÿ≅‹Î6y™ ôìÎ6−Gs? Ÿωuρ ôxÎ=ô¹r&uρ yšoΨ≈ysö6ß™ Α$s% −$sùr& !$£ϑ=sù 4 $Z)Ïè¹ 4©y›θãΒ §yzuρ $y2yŠ …ã&s#yèy_ È≅t7yfù=Ï9 …çμš/u‘ 4’©?pgB $£ϑn=ù 4 ©Í_1ts? t∃öθ|¡sù …çμtΡ$x6tΒ §s)tGó™$# ÈβÎ*sù È≅t6yfø9$# ’n<Î) t s n | r sš∅ÏiΒ ⎯ä.ρ y7çG÷s?#u™ !$tΒ õ‹ä⇐sù ‘Ïϑ≈n=s3Î/uρ ©ÉL≈n=≈y™ÍÎ/ Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# ’n?ã y7çGøŠxsÜô¹$# ’ÎoΤÎ) #©y›θßϑ≈tƒ tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊆⊂∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# ãΑ¨ρr& O$tΡr&uρ šø‹s9Î) àMö6è? u t4 $pκÈ]|¡ômrÎ/ (#ρä‹è{ùtƒ y7tΒöθ% öãΒù&uρ ;ο§θà)Î/ $yδõ‹ä⇐sù &™ó©x« Èe≅ä3Ïj9 Wξ‹ÅÁøs?uρ ZπsàÏãöθ¨Β &™ó©x« Èe≅à2 ⎯ÏΒ Çy#uθø9F{$# ’Îû …çμs9 $oΨö;tFŸ2uρ ∩⊇⊆⊆∪ t⎦⎪ÌÅ3≈¤±9$# s(#÷ρtƒ βÎ)uρ $pκÍ5 (#θãΖÏΒ÷σムω 7πƒ#u™ ¨≅à2 (#÷ρttƒ βÎ)uρ Èd,sø9$# ÎötóÎ/ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû šχρã¬6s3tGtƒ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# z©ÉL≈tƒ#u™ ô⎯tã ß∃ÎñÀry™ ∩⊇⊆∈∪ t⎦⎫É)Å¡≈xø9$# u‘#yŠ ö/ä3ƒÍ‘ρéy™ t t yš⎥⎪Ï%©!$#uρ ∩⊇⊆∉∪ t⎦,Î#Ï≈xî $pκ÷]tã (#θçΡ%x.uρ $uΖÏG≈tƒ$t↔Î/ (#θç/¤‹x. öΝåκ¨ΞrÎ/ y7Ï9≡sŒ 4 Wξ‹Î6y™ çνρä‹Ï‚−Gtƒ Äc©xöø9$# Ÿ≅‹Î6y™ (#÷ρttƒ βÎ)uρ Wξ‹Î6y™ çνρä‹Ï‚−Gtƒ Ÿω ωô©”9$# Ÿ≅‹Î6y™ ∩⊇⊆∠∪ šχθè=yϑ÷èƒ (#θçΡ%x. $tΒ ωÎ) šχ÷ρt“øgä† ö≅yδ 4 öΝßγè=≈yϑôãr& ôMsÜÎ6ym ÍοtÅzFψ$# Ï™!$s)Ï9uρ $uΖÏG≈tƒ$t↔Î/ (#θç/¤‹x. t And when We did appoint for Musa thirty nights of fasting, and added to them ten, and he completed the whole time of forty nights appointed by his Lord; and Musa had said to his brother: “Take my place amongst the people. Do right and follow not the way of mischief makers.” And when Musa came to Our appointed place and his Lord had spoken to him, he said, “My Lord! Show me yourself, that I may look upon you.”He said, “You will not be able to see Me! But look at the mountain, if it stands still in its place, then you will see Me.” And when his Lord revealed His glory to the mountain, He sent it crashing down. And Musa fainted and fell down. And when he woke up, he said, “Glory is You! I turn to You in repentance and amongst the true believers.” He said, “O Musa! I have preferred you above mankind by My messages and by My speaking with you. So hold fast that which I have given to you, and be amongst the thankful ones.” And We wrote for him, upon the tablets, the lesson to be drawn from all things and the explanation of all things, then told him, “ Hold it fast; and command your people: Take the better course which has been made clear. I shall show you the abode of the evil-livers. I shall turn away from My revelations those who magnify themselves, wrongfully in the earth. And they will see but not believe each token. And they will see the righteousness but not chose it. And they will choose those ways which have errors for them. That is because they deny Our revelations and are used to disregard them. Those who deny Our revelations and the meeting of the Hereafter, their works are fruitless. Do they expect to receive anything other than what they deserve?” (Quran: 7/142-147) At the end of the second fast of ten days, Allah (SWT) revealed the Ten Commandmentsof the Torah. These Ten Commandments would guide the nations of the Israelites towards therighteous paths of Allah (SWT).ß⎯ós¯Ρ ( 9,≈n=øΒÎ) ï∅ÏiΒ Νà2‰≈s9÷ρr& (#þθè=çFø)s? Ÿωuρ ( $YΖ≈|¡ômÎ) È⎦ø⎪t$Î!≡uθø9$$Î/uρ ( $↔ø‹x© ⎯ÏμÎ/ (#θä.Îô³è@ ωr& ( öΝà6øŠn=tæ öΝà6š/u‘ tΠ§ym $tΒ ã≅ø?r& (#öθs9$yès? ö≅è% * yΝä38¢¹ρ ö/ä3Ï9≡sŒ 4 Èd,ysø9$$Î/ ωÎ) ª!$# tΠ§ym ©ÉL©9$# š[ø¨Ζ9$# (#θè=çGø)s? Ÿωuρ ( š∅sÜ/ $tΒuρ $yγ÷ΨÏΒ tyγsß $tΒ |·Ïm≡uθxø9$# (#θç/tø)s? Ÿωuρ ( öΝèδ$−ƒÎ)uρ öΝà6è%ã—ötΡ u tß#Ïk=s3çΡ Ÿω ( ÅÝó¡É)ø9$$Î/ tβ#u”Ïϑø9#uρ Ÿ≅ø‹x6ø9$# (#θèù÷ρ&uρ ( …çν£‰ä©r& è=ö7tƒ 4©®Lym ß⎯|¡ômr& }‘Ïδ ©ÉL©9$$Î/ ωÎ) ÉΟŠÏKuŠø9$# tΑ$tΒ (#θç/tø)s? Ÿωuρ ∩⊇∈⊇∪ tβθè=É)÷ès? ÷/ä3ª=yès9 ⎯ÏμÎ/ $ r x ∩⊇∈⊄∪ šχρã©.x‹? ÷/3ª=yè9 ⎯ÏμÎ/ Νä38¢¹uρ öΝà6Ï9≡sŒ 4 (#θèù÷ρr& «!$# ωôγyèÎ/uρ ( 4’n1öè% #sŒ tβ%Ÿ2 öθs9uρ (#θä9ωôã$$sù óΟçFù=è% #sŒÎ)uρ ( $yγyèó™ãρ ωÎ) $²¡øtΡ s ä s Say: Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited for you: • Join not anything in worship with Him; • Be good and dutiful to your parents; • Do not kill your children because of poverty. We provide the sustenance for you and for them; • Do not come near the shameful acts – (Illegal sexual acts whether committed openly or in secret);
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 120 • Do not kill anyone, except for a just cause in accordance with law; • Do not deprive an orphan of his or her rightful property; • Give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not anyone more than which he can bear; • Whenever you give your word, (in judgment or in evidence) tell the truth even if a near relative is concerned; • And fulfill the Covenant of Allah (in worship and prayers); • This He Commands you that you may remember and ward off evil. (Quran: 6/151-152) Prophet Musa (AS) had departed with a promise to return after the period of fasting wasover. His restless and impatient people were becoming agitated at being made to await the returnof Prophet Musa (AS) after thirty days. An evil-minded person among them named As-Samiriraised all types of doubts amongst the Israelites against Allah (SWT) and His revelations throughboth the Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS). The absence of Prophet Musa (AS) from the nation of Israelites gave more leverage toAs-Samiri, who managed to maneuver quite a large group among them as his followers. WhenProphet Musa (AS) did not return within the stipulated period of thirty days, As-Samiri startedextensive propagation that Prophet Musa (AS) had abandoned the Israelites at the mercy of theelements surrounding them. As-Samiri told them: “You people need a true guidance of a god ofyour own; I will provide you with a god.” All the physically strong men among his followers were instructed to gather all thejewelry and the ornaments of gold from everyone among the nations and bring these to him.When everything gold had been collected, As-Samiri instructed them to light a huge fire andmelt down the gold. While the gold was melting, As-Samiri arranged some music and askedpeople to dance around the fireplace; he told them that they were paying their homage and werewelcoming their own god of gold. As-Samiri turned the gold into a golden calf. It was hollowinside, and it would produce sounds when the wind passed through it. Most of these Israelites were superstitious since they had been participating in manysuperstitious ceremonies with the Egyptians. As-Samiri and his supporters declared that their godhad come to them in the form of the golden calf; therefore all of the Israelites must worship it! Prophet Haroun (AS) was grieved and protested saying: “O my people! You have beendeceived. Your Lord in the heavens is the most beneficent! Worship Him! Follow me and obeymy guidance.” They replied, “This is our god. We shall stop worshipping it only if Musa returns with thetrue Signs.” Those Israelites who had remained righteous and were steadfast separated themselvesfrom the pagans. Upon his return, Prophet Musa (AS) approached the Israelites and observed thatmost of them were singing and dancing around a golden statue of a calf. Prophet Musa (AS) wasso furious at their pagan rituals that he flung down the Tablet of the Laws he was carrying withhim and grabbed and tugged the beard of Prophet Haroun (AS), saying, “How did you allowthem to go astray? Why couldn’t you fight this corruption?” Prophet Haroun (AS) replied, “O son of my mother, let go of my beard! These folksconsidered me weak and were about to kill me. So do not make the enemies rejoice over me, norinclude me among the people who are the wrongdoers.” Prophet Musa (AS) let go of the beard of Prophet Haroun (AS) and realized that hisbrother was truly helpless among the wrongdoers who had gained their physical strength due tothe weaknesses and doubts in the beliefs of the children of Israel.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 121#´‰ôãρ öΝä3š/u‘ öΝä.ô‰Ïètƒ öΝs9r& ÉΘöθ)≈tƒ Α$s% 4 $ZÅ™r& z⎯≈t7ôÒxî ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs% 4’n<Î) #©y›θãΒ yìy_tsù ∩∇∈∪ ‘“ÌÏΒ$¡¡9$# ãΛàι¯=|Êr&uρ x8ω÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ y7tΒöθs% $¨ΖtFsù ô‰s% $¯ΡÎ*sù tΑ$s% u s t$uΖÅ3ù=yϑÎ/ 8y‰ÏãθΒ $oΨøn=÷z& !$tΒ (#θä9$s% ∩∇∉∪ “ωÏãöθ¨Β Λä⎢øn=÷zsù öΝä3În/§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ Ò=ŸÒxî öΝä3ø‹n=æ ¨≅Ïts† βr& öΝ›?Šu‘r& ÷Πr& ߉ôγyèø9$# ãΝà6ø‹n=tæ tΑ$sÜsù& 4 $·Ζ|¡ym x ö t r r t r!#x‹≈yδ (#θä9$s)sù Ö‘#uθäz …ã&©! #Y‰|¡y_ WξôfÏã öΝßγs9 ylt÷zsù ∩∇∠∪ ‘“ÍÉΔ$¡¡9$# ’s+ø9r& y7Ï9≡x‹3sù $yγ≈oΨøùx‹s)sù ÏΘöθ)ø9$# ÏπuΖƒÎ— ⎯ÏiΒ #Y‘#y—÷ρr& !$uΖù=ÏiΗäq $¨ΖÅ3≈s9uρ r s sã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ ãβρã≈yδ öΝçλm; Α$s% ô‰s)s9uρ ∩∇®∪ $YèøtΡ Ÿωuρ #uŸÑ öΝçλm; à7Î=ôϑtƒ Ÿωuρ Zωöθs% óΟÎγø‹s9Î) ßìÅ_ötƒ ωr& tβ÷ρttƒ Ÿξsùr& ∩∇∇∪ z©Å¤oΨsù 4©y›θãΒ çμ≈s9Î)uρ öΝà6ßγ≈s9Î) tΑ$s% ∩®⊇∪ 4©y›θãΒ $uΖø‹s9Î) ìÅ_ötƒ 4©®Lym t⎦⎫ÏÅ3≈tã Ïμø‹n=tã yyuö9¯Ρ ⎯s9 (#θä9$s% ∩®⊃∪ “ÌøΒ& (#þθãè‹ÏÛr&uρ ‘ÏΡθãèÎ7¨?$$sù ß⎯≈oΗ÷q§9$# ãΝä3−/u‘ ¨βÎ)uρ ( ⎯ÏμÎ/ ΟçF⊥ÏFèù $yϑ¯ΡÎ) ÉΘöθs)≈tƒt y rβr& àMŠÏ±yz ’ÎoΤÎ) ( û©Å›ù&tÎ/ Ÿωρ ©ÉLu‹ósÎ=Î/ õ‹è{ùs? Ÿω ¨ΠàσuΖö6tƒ tΑ$s% ∩®⊂∪ “ÌøΒr& |MøŠ|Áyèsùr& ( Ç∅yèÎ7®Ks? ωr& ∩®⊄∪ (#þθ=|Ê öΝßγtF÷ƒr&u‘ øŒÎ) y7yèuΖtΒ $tΒ ãβρã≈yγ≈tƒ uZπŸÒö6s% àMôÒ6s)sù ⎯ÏμÎ/ (#ρçÝÇö7tƒ öΝs9 $yϑÎ/ ßN÷ÝÇo0 tΑ$s% ∩®∈∪ ‘“ÌÏϑ≈|¡≈tƒ šç7ôÜy{ $yϑsù tΑ$s% ∩®⊆∪ ’Í<öθs% ó=è%ös? öΝs9uρ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜtó™Î) û©Í_t/ t⎦÷⎫t/ |Mø%§sù tΑθà)s? t#Y‰ÏãöθΒ y7s9 ¨βÎ)uρ ( }¨$|¡ÏΒ Ÿω tΑθà)s? βr& Íο4θuŠysø9$# ’Îû 7s9  χÎ*sù ó=yδøŒ$$sù tΑ$s% ∩®∉∪ ©Å¤øtΡ ’Í< ôMs9§θy™ šÏ9≡x‹Ÿ2uρ $yγè?õ‹t7oΨsù ÉΑθß™§9$# ÌrOr& ô⎯ÏiΒ t y4 θèδ ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω “Ï%©!$# ª!$# ãΝä3ßγ≈s9Î) !$yϑ¯ΡÎ) ∩®∠∪ $¸ó¡nΣ ÉdΟŠø9$# ’Îû …çμ¨ΨxÅ¡ΨuΖs9 ¢ΟèO …çμ¨Ψs%ÌhysãΖ©9 ( $ZÏ.%tæ Ïμø‹n=tã |Mù=sß “Ï%©!$# y7Îγ≈s9Î) #’<Î) öÝàΡ$#uρ ( …çμxn=øƒéB ⎯©9 u u n ∩®∇∪ $Vϑù=Ïã >™ó©x« ¨≅à2 yìÅ™uρ He said, “Lo! We have tried your folk in your absence, and As-Samiri, has misled them.” Then Musa went back to his folk, angry and sad. He said, “O my people! Has not your Lord promised you a fair promise? Did the time appointed then appear too long for you, or did you wish that the wrath from your Lord should come upon you, that you broke your faith in me?” They replied, “We did not break the trust in you of our own will, but we were laden with the burdens of ornaments of the folk, the cast them in fire, as proposed by As-Samiri. Then he produced a calf which gave forth a lowing sound. And he cried, “This is your god and the god of Musa but he has forgotten.” And Haroun indeed had told them beforehand: “O my people! You are but being seduced herewith, for lo! Your Lord is the Beneficent, so follow me and obey my orders.” They said, “We shall by no means cease to be its votaries till Musa returns to us.” Musa said, “O Haroun! What held you back when you saw them going astray? Are you no longer following me? Have you not then disobeyed my order?” He said, “O son of my mother! Clutch neither my beard nor my head! I feared that you might say, “You have caused a division amongst the Children of Israel without waiting for my word.” Musa addressed, “And what have you to say, O Samiri?” He replied “I perceived what they perceived not, so I seized a handful from the footsteps of the messenger, and threw it in it. That’s how my soul commanded to me.” Musa said, “Then go! And lo! In this life it is for you to say: Touch me not! And lo! There is for you a secret meeting that you cannot break. Now look upon your god which you have created, because we will burn it and will scatter its dust over the sea. Your God is only Allah, other than Whom there is no other God. He embraces all things in His Knowledge.” (Quran: 20/85-98) The Decree of Allah (SWT) sentenced to death those people who had fully participated inthe worship of the golden calf. Prophet Musa (AS) commanded the children of Israel to pray toAllah (SWT) asking for His forgiveness and at the same time demonstrating their repentance byactual actions. He chose seventy representatives from them and advised these seventy delegates to “Prayto Allah and repent for what you did. And ask for His forgiveness for what you ignored.” Prophet Musa (AS) returned to Mount Sinai with the seventy delegates. Prophet Musa(AS) communicated with Allah (SWT). The delegates heard Prophet Musa (AS) addressingAllah (SWT). They could not physically see with whom Prophet Musa (AS) was talking.However, they raised doubts among themselves by saying that Prophet Musa (AS) was only
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 122pretending to be in the presence of Allah (SWT). These delegates challenged Prophet Musa (AS)and said, “O Musa! We shall never believe in you till we see Allah plainly.” This was an act ofblasphemy. These delegates, representing the children of Israel, were actually challenging theexistence of Allah (SWT), even though they had recently seen His signs and also the destructionof their archenemy, Rameses. Lightning bolts and a violent quake stupefied their souls andbodies. All at once, these stubborn delegates were punished. They all died on the spot. Prophet Musa (AS) regretted the fate of the seventy delegates and was filled with sorrow.He prayed to Allah (SWT) for their forgiveness as the delegates had behaved foolishly. Allah(SWT) responded affirmatively towards the prayers of Prophet Musa (AS).‰ΨÏã öΝ3©9 ×öyz öΝä3Ï9≡sŒ öΝä3¡àΡr& (#þθè=çFø%$$sù öΝä3Í←Í‘$t/ 4’n<Î) (#þθç/θçGsù Ÿ≅ôfÏèø9$# ãΝä.ÏŒ$sƒÏkB$$Î/ Νà6|¡àΡr& öΝçFôϑn=sß öΝä3¯ΡÎ) ÉΘöθs)≈tƒ ⎯ÏμÏΒöθs)Ï9 4©y›θãΒ tΑ$s% øŒÎ)uρy ä |óΟçFΡr&uρ èπ)Ïè≈¢Á9$# ãΝä3ø?x‹yzrsù Zοtôγy_ ©!$# “ttΡ 4©®Lym y7s9 z⎯ÏΒ÷σœΡ ⎯s9 4©y›θßϑ≈tƒ óΟçFù=è% øŒÎ)uρ ∩∈⊆∪ ÞΟŠÏm§9$# Ü>#§θ−G9$# uθèδ …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 öΝä3ø‹n=tã z>$tGsù öΝä3Í←Í‘$t/ s ∩∈∈∪ tβρáÝàΨs? And when Musa said to his people: “O my people! You have wronged yourselves by your choosing of the calf for worship, so turn in repentance to your Creator, and kill those amongst you, yourselves. That will be best for you with your creator and He will relent towards you. Lo! He is the Relenting, the Merciful. And when you said: O Musa! We will not believe in you till we see Allah plainly; and even while you gazed the lightning seized you.” (Quran: 2/54-55)Ÿ≅yèù $oÿÏ3 $uΖä3Î=öκèEr& ( }‘≈−ƒÎ)uρ ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏiΒ ΟßγtFõ3=÷δr& |Mø⁄Ï© öθs9 Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% èπxô_§9$# ãΝåκøEx‹s{r& !$£ϑn=sù ( $oΨÏG≈s)‹ÏϑÏj9 Wξã_u‘ t⎦⎫Ïèö7y™ …çμtΒöθs% 4©y›θãΒ u‘$tG÷z$#uρ s n* ∩⊇∈∈∪ t⎦⎪ÌÏ≈tóø9$# çöyz MΡr&uρ ( $uΖ÷Ηxqö‘$#uρ $uΖs9 öÏøî$$sù $oΨ•‹Ï9uρ |MΡr& ( â™!$t±n@ ⎯tΒ ”ωöκsEuρ â™!$t±n@ ⎯tΒ $pκÍ5 ‘≅ÅÒè? y7çGt⊥÷GÏù ωÎ) }‘Ïδ ÷βÎ) ( !$¨ΖÏΒ â™!$yγx¡9$# |4 &™ó©x« ¨≅ä. ôMyèÅ™uρ ©ÉLyϑôm‘ρ ( â™!$x©r& ô⎯Β ⎯ÏμÎ/ Ü=ŠÏ¹é& þ’Î1#x‹tã Α$s% 4 y7ø‹s9Î) !$tΡô‰èδ $¯ΡÎ) ÍοÅzFψ$# ’Îûuρ ZπuΖ|¡ym $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# ÍνÉ‹≈yδ ’Îû $uΖs9 ó=çGò2$#uρ u u t t t…çμΡρ߉Ågs† “Ï%©!$# ¥_ÍhΓW{$# ¢©É<¨Ζ9$# Αθß™§9$# šχθãèÎ7−Ftƒ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ∩⊇∈∉∪ tβθãΖÏΒ÷σム$uΖÏG≈tƒ$t↔Î/ Νèδ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$#uρ nο4θŸ2¨“9$# šχθè?÷σãƒuρ tβθà)−Gtƒ t⎦⎪Ï%©#Ï9 $pκâ:çGø.r|¡sù t tßìŸÒƒuρ y]Íׯ≈6y‚ø9$# ÞΟÎγøŠn=tæ ãΠÌhpt†uρ ÏM≈t6Íh‹©Ü9$# ÞΟßγ9 ‘≅Ïtä†uρ Ìx6Ψßϑø9$# Ç⎯tã öΝßγ8pκ÷]tƒuρ Å∃ρã÷èϑø9$$Î/ ΝèδããΒùƒ È≅‹ÅgΥM}$#uρ Ïπ1u‘öθ−G9$# ’Îû öΝèδy‰ΨÏã $¹/θçGõ3tΒ t t ä s y tãΝèδ y7Íׯ≈9ρé&   ÿ…çμètΒ tΑÌ“Ρé& ü“Ï%©!$# ‘θ‘Ζ9$# (#θãè7¨?$#uρ çνρã|ÁtΡuρ çνρ⑨“tãuρ ⎯ÏμÎ/ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ š⎥⎪Ï%©!$$sù 4 óΟÎγøŠn=tæ ôMtΡ%x. ©ÉL©9$# Ÿ≅≈n=øñF{$#uρ öΝèδuñÀÎ) öΝßγ÷Ζtã s y u t ∩⊇∈∠∪ šχθßsÎ=øßϑø9$# And Musa chose of his people seventy men for Our appointed tryst and when the trembling came on them, he said: “My Lord! If You had willed You would have had destroyed them long before, along with me. Will You destroy us for that which the ignorant amongst us did? It is but Your trial of us. You send astray whom You will, and guide whom You will. You are our Protecting Friend, therefore forgive us and have mercy on us, You are the Best of all who show forgiveness. And ordain for us in this world that which is good, and the same in the Hereafter, Lo! We have turned to you.” He replied, “I smite with My punishment whom I will, and My mercy Embraces all things, therefore I shall ordain it for those who ward off evil and pay the poor due, and those who believe Our revelations; Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and Gospel which are with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and will forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all god things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then those who believe in him, and honor him, and help him and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are successful. (Quran: 7/155-157)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 123 This is the Holy Declaration revealed to Prophet Musa (AS) about the forthcomingappearance of the Last Prophet and Messenger for the entire humanity; Prophet Mohamed(SAW). It is a well-documented and indisputable fact that Prophet Mohamed (SAW) was anilliterate, and he could neither read nor write. For references see Deut. 18:18: Psl. 118:22-23; Isa. 42:1-13; Hab. 3:3-4; Matt. 21:42-43; Jn 14:16-17, 26-28; 16:7-14 Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS) continued their mission of preaching to the nationsof Israelites about righteousness, worship, and life in accordance with The Taurat (Torah), theLaws of Allah (SWT), as revealed to Prophet Musa (AS) for the benefit of the people of Israel.Prophet Musa (AS) used to spend all of his time preaching and delivering explanatory sermons.Prophet Musa (AS) had set a routine of delivering sermons and answering questions related tothe sermons or any other religious matters. During one of these sessions, Prophet Musa (AS) wasasked, “O Messenger of Allah! Is there another man on the earth today who is more learned thanyou?” Prophet Musa (AS), sincerely believing that since Allah (SWT) had entrusted him withthe Revelations of the Taurat, and the powers of the miracles, which had been used wisely forthe benefit of his people, in all honesty replied, “No!” However, Allah (SWT) Revealed to Prophet Musa (AS) that no one person could havethe full knowledge of everything; even among Allah’s messengers, not a single one of them willbe the sole custodian of all the knowledge in the universe. There would always be somebodywho knew what the others did not know. Only Allah (SWT) had all the knowledge of theuniverse and the heavens; and nothing is ever hidden from Him, not even the inner thoughts ofany living being! Prophet Musa (AS) asked Allah (SWT): “O Allah! Where is this man who knows morethan me? I would like to meet him and learn from him.” Allah (SWT) instructed Prophet Musa (AS) to take a small vessel, which should be filledwith water and a live fish. Prophet Musa (AS) was to travel along the banks of the river carryingthe fish. The person being sought would be at the point where the fish would disappear! Prophet Musa (AS) started his quest for knowledge in the company of a young personwho carried the vessel containing the fish. When they reached a point where the two rivers met,they decided to rest a while. Prophet Musa (AS) was tired and went to sleep while the carrier wasdozing on and off. The carrier thought he saw the fish jumping out of the vessel into the river. Hebrushed it away as a dream and did not tell Prophet Musa (AS) about the strange happening. It isalso possible that the carrier was afraid of being accused of negligence and decided to maintainsilence. Upon waking up, both of them resumed their journey along the riverbank. They decidedto rest when they were exhausted and hungry. Prophet Musa (AS) asked his company for themeals. The companion had thought that the fish was being carried for cooking meals. Now thatthere was no fish, the companion confessed to Prophet Musa (AS) and revealed thecircumstances concerning the loss of the fish! Prophet Musa (AS) exclaimed: “That is the point being sought! Let us hurry back.” When they reached the spot where the fish had entered the river, they found a man whoseface was partly covered by a hood. His general appearance indicated that this person was a saint.He was Al-Khidr, the Guide. Prophet Musa (AS) greeted him and introduced himself, “I amMusa!” Al-Khidr asked, “Musa of Bani Israel?”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 124 Prophet Musa (AS) replied, “Yes, and I have come to you to learn from you, to increasemy knowledge from the knowledge bestowed upon you by Allah (SWT).” Al-Khidr replied, “O Musa! I have some of the knowledge that Allah (SWT) has taughtme and which you do not know. While you have some of the knowledge that Allah (SWT hastaught that I do not know.” Prophet Musa (AS) asked, “May I follow and observe you to learn?” Al-Khidr replied, “But you will not be able to exercise restraint and maintain yourpatience with me. I doubt that you will be able to remain patient about things that you will not beable to understand.” Prophet Musa (AS) promised, “You will find me, if Allah (SWT) so Wishes, truly patientand I will not disobey you at any time!” Both Prophet Musa (AS) and Al-Khidr set out and traveled along the shores. When a boatpassed by them, they asked the boat’s crew to take them onboard their boat. The crew recognizedAl-Khidr; hence, they took him and Prophet Musa (AS) onboard but refused to charge them forthe ride. While they were sailing, a bird came and stood on the bow of the boat and drank waterfrom the sea by dipping its beak twice or thrice. Al-Khidr addressed Prophet Musa (AS), andpointed towards the actions of the bird; “O Musa! Allah’s contents of knowledge have notdecreased even to the size of a few drops of water consumed by the bird; even though both of ushave been showered and are full of His knowledge!” So saying Al-Khidr took an adze and pulled up a plank of the boat with it, before ProphetMusa (AS) could even prevent that action of Al-Khidr. Prophet Musa (AS) said to Al-Khidr, “What have you done? These people had taken usonboard and did not charge us any fare; yet you have pulled a plank to drown it! Definitely youhave performed an act which is dreadful!” Al-Khidr, shaking his head in disbelief, replied, “Did I not warn you that you will not beable to remain patient with me?” Prophet Musa (AS) apologized. “Do not blame me for I had forgotten, and do not beangry with me for my fault!” After they had left the sea, they approached a group of young boys playing. Al-Khidrgrabbed one boy from among them and killed him by breaking his neck. Prophet Musa (AS) was astonished at this action and asked Al-Khidr, “You have killedan innocent person, who had not even been accused of killing any other person. You have reallydone a horrible thing.” Al-Khidr replied, “Did I not warn you that you would not be able to remain patient withme?” Prophet Musa (AS) assured, “If I ask you about anything after this, don’t allow me inyour company. This is my final excuse to you.” Both Al-Khidr and Prophet Musa (AS) entered a village and asked some of the villagersfor food. The villagers refused to treat them as guests and wanted money for the meals. Both Al-Khidr and Prophet Musa (AS) did not have any money with them. They were walking throughthe village when they noticed a wall that was about to collapse. Al-Khidr motioned his hands asif he were repairing the wall. The wall erected itself and stood straight and firm! Prophet Musa(AS) said: “These villagers refused to treat us as guests and offer food. Now that you haverepaired their wall, if you wished you could have demanded the rightful wages for your action.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 125$tΡÌxy™ ⎯ÏΒ $uΖŠÉ)s9 ô‰s)s9 $tΡu™!#y‰xî $oΨÏ?#u™ çμ9tFxÏ9 tΑ$s% #y—uρ%y` $£ϑn=sù ∩∉⊇∪ $/u|  Ìóst7ø9$# ’Îû …ã&s#‹Î6y™ x‹sƒªB$$sù $yϑßγs?θãm $u‹Å¡nΣ $yϑÎγÏΖ÷t/ yìyϑøgxΧ $tón=t/ $£ϑn=sùÌós7ø9$# ’Îû …ã&s#‹Î6y™ ‹ƒªB$#uρ 4 …çνtä.Œr& ÷β& ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ωÎ) çμ‹Ï⊥9|¡øΣr& !$tΒuρ |Nθçtø:$# àMŠÅ¡nΣ ’ÎoΤÎ*sù Íοt÷‚¢Á9$# ’n<Î) !$uΖ÷ƒuρr& øŒÎ) |M÷ƒu™u‘r& tΑ$s% ∩∉⊄∪ $Y7|ÁtΡ #x‹≈yδ t x s ø r⎯ÏΒ çμ≈oΨ÷Κ¯=tæuρ $tΡωΖÏã ô⎯ÏiΒ Zπϑômu‘ çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™ !$tΡÏŠ$t6Ïã ô⎯ÏiΒ #Y‰ö6tã #y‰y`uθsù ∩∉⊆∪ $TÁ|Ás% $yϑÏδÍ‘$rO#u™ #’n?tã #£‰s?ö‘$$sù 4 Æö7tΡ $¨Ζä. $tΒ y7Ï9≡sŒ tΑ$s% ∩∉⊂∪ $Y7pgx” yçÉ9óÁ? y#ø‹x.ρ ∩∉∠∪ #Zö9|¹ z©ÉëΒ yì‹ÏÜGó¡n@ ⎯s9 y7¨ΡÎ) tΑ$s% ∩∉∉∪ #Y‰ô©â‘ |MôϑÏk=ãã $£ϑÏΒ Ç⎯yϑÏk=yèè? βr& #’n?tã y7ãèÎ7¨?r& ö≅yδ 4©y›θãΒ …çμs9 tΑ$s% ∩∉∈∪ $Vϑù=Ïã $¯Ρà$©! s u t t#©¨Lym >™ó©x« ⎯tã ©Í_ù=t↔ó¡? Ÿξsù ©Í_tF÷è7¨?$# ÈβÎ*ù Α$s% ∩∉®∪ #øΒ& y7s9 ©ÅÂôãr& Iωuρ #Î/$|¹ ª!$# u™!$x© βÎ) þ’ÎΤ߉ÉftFy™ tΑ$s% ∩∉∇∪ #Zö9äz ⎯ÏμÎ/ ñÝÏtéB óΟs9 $tΒ 4’n?tã s t s t rö≅è%r& óΟs9r& Α$s% ∩∠⊇∪ #øΒÎ) $º↔ø‹x© |M÷∞Å_ ô‰s)s9 $yγn=÷δr& s−ÌøóçFÏ9 $pκtJø%tyzr& tΑ$s% ( $yγs%tyz ÏπuΖŠÏ¡¡9$# ’Îû $t6Ï.u‘ #sŒÎ) #©¨Lym $s)n=sÜΡ$$sù ∩∠⊃∪ #[ø.ÏŒ çμ÷ΖÏΒ y7s9 y^ω÷né& t…ã&s#tGs)sù $Vϑ≈n=äñ $u‹É)s9 #sŒÎ) #©¨Lym $s)n=sÜΡ$$ù ∩∠⊂∪ #Zô£ãã “ÌøΒr& ô⎯ÏΒ ©Í_ø)Ïδöè? Ÿωuρ àMŠÅ¡nΣ $yϑÎ/ ’ÎΤõ‹Åz#xσè? Ÿω tΑ$s% ∩∠⊄∪ #Zö9|¹ z©ÉëtΒ yì‹ÏÜtGó¡n@ ⎯s9 š¨ΡÎ) s⎯tã 7çGø9ry™ βÎ) Α$s% ∩∠∈∪ #Zö9|¹ z©ÉëtΒ yì‹ÏÜGó¡@ ⎯s9 y7¨ΡÎ) y7©9 ≅è%r& óΟs9r& tΑ$s% * ∩∠⊆∪ #[õ3œΡ $↔ø‹x© |M÷∞Å_ ô‰s)©9 <§øtΡ ÎötóÎ/ Oπ§‹Ï.y— $T¡øtΡ |Mù=tGs%r& tΑ$s% y t t n$yϑèδθàÍh‹ŸÒムβr& (#öθ/rsù $yγn=÷δ& !$yϑèôÜGó™$# >πƒös% Ÿ≅÷δr& !$u‹s?r& !#sŒÎ) #©¨Lym $s)n=sÜΡ$$sù ∩∠∉∪ #Y‘õ‹ãã ’ÎoΤ߉©9 ⎯ÏΒ |Møón=t/ ô‰s% ( ©Í_ö6Ås≈|Áè? Ÿξsù $yδy‰÷èt/ ¥™ó©x« t r y t t$tΒ È≅ƒÍρùtGÎ/ 7ã⁄Îm;Ρéy™ 4 y7ÏΖ÷t/uρ ©Í_øŠt/ ä−#tÏù #x‹≈yδ Α$s% ∩∠∠∪ #ô_r& Ïμø‹n=tã |Nõ‹y‚−Gs9 |Mø⁄Ï© öθs9 tΑ$s% ( …çμtΒ$s%rsù Ùs)Ζtƒ βr& ߉ƒÌム#Y‘#y‰É` $pκÏù #y‰y`uθsù y t t>πΖŠÏy™ ¨≅ä. ä‹è{ùƒ Ô7Î=¨Β Νèδ™!#u‘ρ β%x.uρ $pκz:‹Ïãr& ÷βr& ‘NŠu‘rsù Ìóst7ø9$# ’Îû tβθè=yϑ÷èƒ t⎦⎫Å3≈|¡yϑÏ9 ôMtΡ%s3sù èπoΨ‹Ï¡¡9$# $¨Βr& ∩∠∇∪ #·ö9|¹ ÏμøŠn=¨æ ìÏÜtGó¡n@ óΟs9 u t u u t tZο4θ.— çμ÷ΖÏiΒ #Zöyz $yϑåκ›5u‘ $yϑßγs9ωö7ムβr& !$tΡ÷Š‘sù ∩∇⊃∪ #øà2uρ $YΖ≈u‹øóèÛ $yϑßγs)Ïδöムβr& !$uΖŠÏ±y‚sù È⎦÷⎫uΖÏΒ÷σãΒ çν#uθt/r& tβ%s3sù ÞΟ≈n=äóø9$# $¨Βr&uρ ∩∠®∪ $Y7óÁxî x y u r!$tóè=ö7tƒ βr& y7•/u‘ Š#u‘ù $[sÎ=≈|¹ $yϑèδθç/r& tβ%x.uρ $yϑßγ©9 Ö”∴x. …çμtFøtrB šχ%x.uρ ÏπuΖƒÏ‰yϑø9$# ’Îû È⎦÷⎫yϑŠÏKtƒ È⎦÷⎫yϑ≈n=äóÏ9 tβ%s3sù â‘#y‰Ågø:$# $¨Β&uρ ∩∇⊇∪ $YΗ÷qâ‘ z>tø%r&uρ y rs r“ÏŒ ⎯tã šΡθè=t↔ó¡o„uρ ∩∇⊄∪ #Zö9|¹ ÏμøŠn=¨æ ìÏÜó¡@ óΟs9 $tΒ ã≅ƒÍρùs? 7Ï9≡sŒ 4 “ÌøΒr& ô⎯tã …çμçGù=yèù $tΒuρ 4 y7Îi/¢‘ ⎯ÏiΒ Zπyϑôm‘ $yϑèδu”∴x. %y`Ì÷‚tGó¡ƒuρ $yϑè䣉ä©& t n y s u t r ∩∇⊂∪ #·ò2ÏŒ çμ÷ΖÏiΒ Νä3øŠn=tæ (#θè=ø?ry™ ö≅è% ( È⎦⎫tΡös)ø9$# ÷ And when Musa said to his servant: “I will not give up until I reach the point where the two rivers meet, even if we keep on marching for ages.” And when they reached the point where the two rivers met, they forgot their fish, and it took its way into the waters, being free. And when they had gone further he said to his servant: “Bring us our breakfast. For we have found fatigue in this our journey.” The servant replied, “You see, when were resting on the rock, I forgot the fish – and none but Satan caused me to forget to mention it- it took its way and floated into the waters by a miracle.” He said: “That is what we have been seeking!” So they retraced their steps back. Then they found one of Our slaves, to whom We had given mercy from Us, and taught him knowledge from Our presence. Musa said to him: “May I follow you, to end that you may teach me right conduct of that which you have been taught? He replied, “Lo! You cannot bear with me. How can you bear that for which you have no knowledge?” He said: “Allah willing, you will find me patient and I will learn from you by not overtaking your knowledge.” He said: “Well, if you go with me, do not make judgments till I myself tell you.” So both of them set out, till when they were in the ship, he made a hole therein. Musa asked: “Why have you made hole therein to drown the folk thereof? You have surely done a dreadful thing.” He asked: “Did I not tell you that you could not bear with me?” Musa said: “Be not angry with me that I forgot, and be not hard upon me for my fault?” So both journeyed on till, when they met a lad and he slew him. Musa said: “What! You have slain an innocent soul who had slain no man? Surely you done a horrid thing.” He said: “Did I not tell you that you could not bear with me?” Musa replied: “If I ask you anything after this, you may part company with me. This is my excuse to you.” So both of them journeyed on till, when they came into the folk of a certain township, they asked its folk for food, but they refused to make them guests. And they found therein a wall upon the point of falling into the ruin, and he repaired it. Musa said: “If you had wished, you could have taken payment for it.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 126 He said: “This is where we part with each other! I will now explain to you about those three acts seen by you and where you did not exercise patience: 1. As for the ship, it belonged to the poor people working in the sea. I made it defective to prevent the ship being taken over by a king who was confiscating every sea-borne ship for himself! 2. As for the boy, he was the child of true believers. The boy would have oppressed his parents by rebellion and disbelief. My action was to replace that boy with another one who would be better in righteousness and merciful to them! 3. As for the wall, it belonged to two orphans. Their father was a righteous man and had buried a treasure for them underneath the wall. Allah Will grant them access to it when He wills. And I did not perform any act of my own accord. That is the interpretation of events over which you did not have patience.” (Quran: 18/61-83) Prophet Musa (AS) suffered all types of excesses and punishments leveled at him or hisbrother by the people of his nation, the children of Israel. The mistreatments meted out toProphet Musa (AS) by the Israelites were not limited to mere mutinies; stupid accusations wereleveled against him and unreasonable demands were being made upon him. There werenumerous instances of idolatry practiced. These instances of ignorance displayed by his nationtruly hurt him. The worst punishment inflicted upon his person was the insult leveled directly at him.Prophet Musa (AS) used to cover his body fully and would not bare any part to anybody. Themischievous persons among his nation floated rumors about Prophet Musa (AS) that said: “Hecovers his body because he has contracted leprosy or scrotal hernia and has other defects in hisskin.” Allah (SWT) Willed that His Prophet be cleared of all the malicious accusations leveledagainst him. Once, Prophet Musa (AS) was taking a bath in the river in seclusion and had hunghis clothes on the branches. When he came out of the water and reached for his clothes, a strongwind flew the clothes away from him. His body was partially naked and he was dressed like awrestler. Some prominent people from his nation saw his muscular body and noticed that it wasin a prime condition. It was a body, the like of, which would be the most sought and desirable bythe majority of men folk in his nation. ∩∉®∪ $κÅ_uρ «!$# y‰ΖÏã tβ%x.uρ 4 (#θä9$s% $£ϑÏΒ ª!$# çνr&§y9sù 4©y›θãΒ (#÷ρsŒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$%x. (#θçΡθä3s? Ÿω (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ O you who believe! Do not be like those who slandered Musa, but Allah proved his innocence of that which they alleged, and he was well esteemed in Allah’s sight. (Quran: 33/69) Prophet Haroun (AS) died while the Israelites were still wandering about without anyfixed abode. When the time came for the death of Prophets Musa (AS), the Angel of Deathpresented himself to Prophet Musa (AS). He was about to extract the soul, when Prophet Musa(AS) slapped the Angel hard on the eye socket. The angel’s eye was dislodged. The Angel of Death returned to Allah (SWT) and reported, “Your slave does not want todie! And he has dislodged my eye!” Allah (SWT) corrected the eye of the Angel and Instructedhim to go back to Prophet Musa (AS) and tell him to put his hand on the hump of an ox and pullout the hairs. For every hair that attaches to the hand of Prophet Musa (AS), an additional year oflife would be granted to him! Prophet Musa (AS) addressed Allah (SWT): “O Lord! What will happen after that term?” Allah (SWT) Replied, “Your death!” Prophet Musa (AS) said, “As that is the final destiny of my life; let the death come now.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 127 However, Prophet Musa (AS) prayed that he should die close to the Holy Land and hisrequest was granted. Prophet Musa (AS) met his death as a contented soul who was eager to meet Allah(SWT).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 128THE NATIONS OF ISRAELITES After the deaths of Prophets Musa (AS) and Haroun (AS), the overall conditions of thenations plunged deeper into deterioration of morality and most of them followed the satanicrituals. The general morality decreased while the deviation from righteousness increased.Prophet after prophet appeared amongst them, yet the majority of the Israelites refused toabandon their paganistic rituals and cultures. The Commandments of Allah revealed to theIsraelites through Prophet Musa (AS) were being ignored or changed to suit the individual needsof those in positions of authority to help them enforce their own selfish-wills upon those peoplewho were unable defend themselves. Uncontrolled anarchy, murders, rapes and lootings werecommon. Idols of gods were being created and sold in all the markets. The practice ofmonotheism was restricted to only a few people. The arrivals of the prophets were never appreciated by the Israelites; they did not want tochange their way of life. One of the prophets who appeared during those times amongst the nations was ProphetDhul-Kifl (AS). Prophet Dhul-Kifl appeared as an administrator of justice among the Arabs. Hewas called Dhul-Kifl because he was in the habit of dispensing double requital or portion. ∩∇∉∪ š⎥⎫ÅsÎ=≈¢Á9$# š∅ÏiΒ Νßγ¯ΡÎ) ( !$uΖÏFuΗ÷qu‘ †Îû öΝßγ≈oΨù=s{÷Šr&uρ ∩∇∈∪ t⎦⎪ÎÉ9≈¢Á9$# z⎯ÏiΒ @≅à2 ( È≅øÅ3ø9$# #sŒuρ }§ƒÍ‘÷ŠÎ)uρ Ÿ≅ŠÏè≈yϑó™Î)uρ And mention, Ismail, and Idrees, and Dhul-Kifl. All were of the steadfast. In addition, We brought them into Our Mercy. Lo! They are among the righteous. (Quran: 21/85-86)⎯ÏiΒ @≅ä.ρ ( È≅øÅ3ø9$# #sŒuρ ì¡uŠø9$#uρ Ÿ≅ŠÏè≈yϑó™Î) öä.øŒ$#uρ ∩⊆∠∪ Í‘$uŠ÷zF{$# t⎦÷⎫xsÜóÁßϑø9$# z⎯Ïϑs9 $tΡy‰ΖÏã öΝåκ¨ΞÎ)uρ ∩⊆∉∪ Í‘#¤$!$# “tò2ÏŒ 7π|ÁÏ9$sƒ¿2 Νßγ≈oΨóÁn=÷zr& !$¯ΡÎ)z u y | ∩⊆®∪ 5>$t↔tΒ z⎯ó¡ßss9 t⎦⎫É)−Fßϑù=Ï9 ¨βÎ)uρ 4 Öø.ÏŒ #x‹≈yδ ∩⊆∇∪ Í‘$uŠ÷zF{$# And make mention of our bondmen, Ibrahim, Ishaaq and Yaqoob, men of parts and vision. Lo! We purified them with a pure thought, remembrance of the Home of the Hereafter. Lo! In Our sight they are verily of the elect, the excellent. And make mention of Ismail and Ilyas and Dhul-Kifl. All are of the chosen. (Quran: 38/46-49) A large part of the Israelites had fled from Palestine when a plague struck the city. Allah(SWT) decreed that all Israelites who had fled from the city should die on the plateaus. This wastheir punishment for fleeing from the city and lacking faith in Allah (SWT). It was also a lessonfor humanity: if a plague appeared anywhere, those dwelling in the infected area should notleave. Such people jeopardized those with whom they came into contact. The Angel of Deathterminated all those people who had fled from the city and buried them on the plateaus. It isbelieved that there were thousands of them. And the place was called “Damardan.” Centuries after this happenstance, Prophet Hizqeel (Ezekiel) (AS) who had succeededProphet Japheth (Kalih Ibn Yofra) as a prophet amongst the Israelites, was passing by themassive graveyard at Damardan. He paused to wonder about the people who had been buriedthere as there were no habitations within sight. Prophet Hizqeel (AS) heard the voice of Allah(SWT): “Do you want Allah to resurrect them while you watch?” Prophet Hizqeel (AS) replied affirmatively, “Yes!” Prophet Hizqeel (AS) was instructed to call upon the bones to reassemble and coverthemselves with flesh. As instructed, Prophet Hizqeel (AS) called upon the graves in the name ofAllah (SWT) to release their occupants and restore them in exactly the same condition as they
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 129were prior to their death and burial. All the graves opened and the people arose, all of whomwere now glorifying Allah (SWT). These resurrected people explained to Prophet Hizqeel (AS)about their past and the circumstances that had brought them to this plateau. The resurrected people asked Prophet Hizqeel (AS) to lead them in prayers to thank Allah(SWT) for their resurrection and to seek forgiveness for their haste in leaving the place of theplague. Prophet Hizqeel (AS) explained that the reason for this resurrection was to demonstratethe truth and likeness of the actual Resurrection; when all the creations of the universe will beassembled on Judgment Day. However, on Judgment Day, the fate of everyone will be decidedaccording to the individual Book of Life. Everyone will be given their own Book of Lifeimmediately after being raised from their graves. Prophet Elijah (AS) followed Prophet Hizqeel (AS). Prophet Ilyas (Elisha) (AS) followed Prophet Elijah (AS) and called upon the Nations ofIsraelites to revert to monotheism in their prayers. Like all other prophets prior to him, he wasalways cautioning the Israelites about the consequences of leading sinful lives. The Israelitescontinued to be warned about the rewards and the punishments on Judgment Day when all areresurrected. The Israelites neither cared about the laws of Allah (SWT) nor were they interestedin the messages of the Prophets of the time. The Israelites only cared about their personal selves!Their sins and crimes increased, as did the numbers of the tyrants and the oppressors. Peoplewho were poor could only survive if they kept low-key lifestyles and did not bother the powerfuland the rich. Even some of their prophets were killed!⎯Ïϑ9 $tΡy‰ΖÏã öΝåκ¨ΞÎ)uρ ∩⊆∉∪ Í‘#¤$!$# “tò2ÏŒ 7πÁÏ9$sƒ¿2 Νßγ≈oΨóÁn=÷z& !$¯ΡÎ) ∩⊆∈∪ Ì≈|Áö/F{$#uρ “ω÷ƒF{$# ’Í<ρé& z>θà)÷ètƒuρ t,≈ysó™Î)uρ tΛ⎧Ïδ≡tö/Î) !$tΡy‰≈t7Ïã öä.øŒ$#uρz s | r ∩⊆∇∪ Í‘$uŠ÷zF{$# z⎯ÏiΒ @≅ä.uρ ( È≅øÅ3ø9$# #sŒuρ yì|¡uŠø9$#ρ Ÿ≅ŠÏè≈yϑó™Î) öä.øŒ$#uρ ∩⊆∠∪ Í‘$uŠ÷zF{$# ⎦÷⎫xsÜóÁßϑø9$# u t And commemorate Our Servants Ibrahim, Ishaaq, and Yaqoob, possessors of Power and Vision. Verily We chose them for a special purpose of proclaiming the Message of the Hereafter. They were in our sight, truly, of the company of the Elect and the Good. And commemorate Ismail, Ilyas, and Dhul-Kifl: each of them was of the company of Good. (Quran: 38/45-48) Prophet Musa (AS) had given the Ark of the Covenant to the children of Israel. The Arkbecame a symbol of the nation and was carried in the battlefields whenever the Israelites went towar with the surrounding nations. The Israelite kings believed that the power of the Ark gavethem victory over their enemies. When the Israelites went to war with the people of Gaza and Askalon, the Israelites wereoverpowered and defeated by their enemies. The victorious people of Gaza and Askalon capturedthe Ark and took it away as war-spoils. The ruling king of the Israelites died of shock when helearned that the Ark had been taken away from the Israelites. With the loss of the Ark, thenations of the Israelites dismembered and splintered into various weak groups. The conquerors ofthe Ark, the Philistines, drove the Israelites out of their settlements, took away their children andsold them as slaves. Some of their righteous people prayed to Allah (SWT) for Help. Allah (SWT) Raised Prophet Shammil (Samuel) (AS) among the Israelites. Instead oflistening to the advice of Prophet Shammil (AS), the Israelites demanded that a strong king beappointed for their nation. The king must lead them in a war against their enemies. ProphetShammil (AS) knew the nature of the people of the Israelites. They had a habit of making alltypes of promises only to break them. Nevertheless, Prophet Shammil (AS) told the Israelites, “Ifear that when it is time for you to fight, in the name of Allah (SWT) you will refuse theobligatory jihad”.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 130 The Israelites assured the prophet that they would fight for Allah’s cause and would notbe afraid even if they died in the battlefields. Prophet Shammil (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for Divine guidance. Allah (SWT)responded and revealed to the prophet that He had chosen Talut (Saul) as their king. Talut wouldappear in person to the prophet. Prophet Shammil (AS) was to appoint Talut as the king of theIsraelites. King Talut would lead the Israelites to a victory in the jihad against the Philistines. Talut was a tall and sturdy person, who was pious and very intelligent. Talut lived andworked on their farm with his father. There came a day when a large group of their donkeysstranded away from the fields and disappeared from their sight. Talut and a servant went out tolook for their lost donkeys. They traveled for a few days but were unable to find them. Talutdecided to turn back towards his farms, but the servant suggested that since they were in the areaof Prophet Shammil (AS), it would be profitable for them to seek his help in locating their lostdonkeys. Talut agreed. When Talut and his servant appeared in the presence of Prophet Shammil (AS), Talutgreeted the Prophet with great respect and asked him for assistance in locating his missingdonkeys. Prophet Shammil (AS) recognized Talut as the person who was to rule over the nationsof the Israelites. Prophet Shammil (AS) assured Talut that their lost donkeys had already foundtheir way back to the farm of his father. Prophet Shammil (AS) told Talut that Allah (SWT) hadoffered the kingdom of the Israelites to Talut. The offer surprised Talut, as he knew that it would carry heavy responsibilities for him.However, what bothered Talut was that he was from the tribe of the children of Benjamin. Thechildren of Benjamin were the least popular tribe of Jacob. Moreover, Talut did not knowanything about governing and leadership and had no wealth to his name. Prophet Shammil (AS)assured Talut that it was the will of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) would Help and Guide Him.Talut was told to offer prayers of thanks to Allah (SWT) for the honor bestowed upon him. Prophet Shammil (AS) then introduced Talut as the king for the nations of Israel and toldthem to accord him the due respect. As was the customary doubtful nature of the Israelites, theydeclared that they would not accept Talut as their king unless Allah (SWT) Offered the Israelitesa direct Sign. Prophet Shammil (AS) told the Israelites that Talut had been selected by Allah(SWT) to recover the Ark of the Covenant for the children of Israel. Talut was physically muchstronger than most of the Israelites. Moreover, Talut had been gifted with abundant knowledge toexercise control over large numbers as he was a shepherd by profession. Talut set about recruiting and organizing a strong army. He set physical standards andordered that only those men who were free from any other responsibilities should join. Menalready employed in service sectors or who were married and had families to support should beexcluded. Talut set up army training camps and introduced newer combat techniques. After arigorous training period, Talut decided to test the perseverance and discipline of his army. Talutinstructed that the army march along the riverbank for a full day but should not carry any water.Nor must they drink any water from the river. The soldiers were allowed a one-time stop to sip asmall quantity by using only their hands. Talut was very disappointed to learn that only a smallpercentage of his army had followed his directives. The majorities of the army soldiers dranklarger quantities and were unable to march any further. Talut ordered that those soldiers who hadobeyed the orders should continue to serve while the disobedient soldiers should be dischargedfrom the army.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 131 Talut took charge of the smaller but well-disciplined army and marched to meet theirenemies who were assembling on the other bank of the river. The Philistines had betterphysiques and better weapons. Their leader, Jalut (Goliath), was a hugely- built warrior and whowas very much feared and terrorized his opponents by his brute strength. Some members ofTalut’s army refused to fight the Philistines when they saw their large bodies and ran awaytowards their homes. The remaining Israelites prayed and hoped that Allah (SWT) would helpthem in their fight against the unbelievers.βÎ) óΟçFŠ¡tã ö≅yδ Α$s% ( «!$# È≅‹Î6y™ ’Îû ö≅ÏF≈s)œΡ $Z6Î=tΒ $uΖs9 ô]yèö/$# ãΝçλ°; %c©É<uΖÏ9 (#θä9$s% øŒÎ) #©y›θãΒ Ï‰÷èt/ .⎯ÏΒ Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ .⎯ÏΒ Z∼yϑø9$# ’n<Î) ts? öΝs9r& ø| tãΑ$tFÉ)ø9$# ãΝÎγøŠn=tæ |=ÏGä. $£ϑ=sù ( $uΖÍ←!$Ψö/r&uρ $tΡÌ≈tƒÏŠ ⎯ÏΒ $oΨô_Ì÷zé& ô‰s%uρ «!$# È≅‹Î6y™ ’Îû Ÿ≅ÏG≈s)çΡ ωr& !$uΖs9 $tΒuρ (#θä9$s% ( (#θè=ÏG≈s)è? ωr& ãΑ$tFÉ)ø9$# ãΝà6ø‹n=tæ |=ÏGà2 n oã&s! ãβθä3ƒ 4’¯Τr& (#þθä9$s% 4 %Z3Î=tΒ šVθä9$sÛ öΝà6s9 y]yèt/ ô‰s% ©!$# ¨βÎ) óΟßγ–ŠÎ;tΡ óΟßγs9 tΑ$s%uρ ∩⊄⊆∉∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$$Î/ 7ΟŠÎ=tæ ª!$#uρ 3 óΟßγ÷ΖÏiΒ WξŠÎ=s% ωÎ) (#öθ©9uθs? t( ÉΟó¡Éfø9$#uρ ÉΟù=Ïèø9$# ’Îû ZπÜó¡o0 …çνyŠ#y—uρ öΝà6ø‹n=tæ çμ8xsÜô¹$# ©!$# ¨βÎ) Α$s% 4 ÉΑ$yϑø9$# š∅ÏiΒ Zπyè™ N÷σムöΝs9uρ çμ÷ΖÏΒ Å7ù=ßϑø9$$Î/ ‘,ymr& ß⎯øtwΥuρ $uΖøŠn=tã Ûù=ßϑø9$# s t y |⎯ÏiΒ ×πΖŠÅ6™ Ïμ‹Ïù ßNθç/$−G9$# ãΝà6‹Ï?ùtƒ βr& ÿ⎯ÏμÅ6ù=ãΒ πtƒ#u™ ¨βÎ) öΝßγ–ŠÎ;tΡ óΟßγs9 tΑ$s%uρ ∩⊄⊆∠∪ ÒΟŠÎ=tæ ììÅ™≡uρ ª!$#uρ 4 â™!$t±o„ ∅tΒ …çμx6ù=ãΒ ’ÎA÷σムª!$#uρ u y u sŸ≅|Áù $£ϑ=sù ∩⊄⊆∇∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΟçFΖä. βÎ) öΝà6©9 ZπtƒUψ šÏ9≡sŒ ’Îû ¨βÎ) 4 èπs3Í≥¯≈n=uΚø9$# ã&é#ÏϑøtrB tβρã≈yδ ãΑ#u™uρ 4†y›θãΒ ãΑ#u™ x8ts? $£ϑÏiΒ ×π¨ŠÉ)t/uρ öΝà6În/§‘ s n4 ⎯Íνω‹Î/ Oπùöäî t∃utIøî$# Ç⎯Β ωÎ) û©h_ÏΒ …çμ¯ΡÎ*sù çμôϑyèôÜtƒ öΝ©9 ⎯tΒuρ ©Íh_ÏΒ }§øŠn=sù çμ÷ΨÏΒ z>ÎŸ° ⎯yϑsù 9yγoΨÎ/ Νà6‹Î=tFö6ãΒ ©!$# χÎ) tΑ$s% ÏŠθãΖàfø9$$Î/ ßNθä9$sÛ u s t Íš⎥⎪Ï%©!$# Α$s% 4 ⎯ÍνÏŠθãΖã_ρ |Nθä9$yfÎ/ Πöθu‹ø9$# $uΖ9 sπs%$sÛ Ÿω (#θä9$s% …çμyètΒ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ š⎥⎪Ï%©!$#uρ uθèδ …çνy—uρ%y` $£ϑn=sù 4 öΝßγ÷ΨÏiΒ WξŠÎ=s% ωÎ) çμ÷ΨÏΒ (#θç/Î|³sù t u t s⎯ÍνÏŠθãΖã_ρ šVθä9$y∨Ï9 (#ρã—t/ $£ϑ9uρ ∩⊄⊆®∪ t⎦⎪ÎÉ9≈¢Á9$# ìtΒ ª!$#uρ 3 «!$# ÈβøŒÎ*Î/ OοuÏWŸ2 Zπt⁄Ïù ôMt7n=î A#ŠÎ=s% 7πt⁄Ïù ⎯ÏiΒ ΝŸ2 «!$# (#θà)≈n=•Β Νßγ¯Ρr& šχθ‘ΖÝàtƒ u t s y x s ∩⊄∈⊃∪ š⎥⎪Í≈x6ø9$# ÏΘöθs)ø9$# ’n?tã $tΡöÝÁΡ$#uρ $oΨtΒ#y‰ø%r& ôMÎm7rOuρ #Zö9|¹ $uΖøŠn=tã ùøÌøùr& !$oΨ−/u‘ (#θä9$s% Ï Have you not turned your vision to the Chiefs of the Children of Israel after the period of Musa? They said to a Prophet that was amongst them: “Appoint for us a King, that we may fight in the cause of Allah.” He said: “ Is it not possible, if you were commanded to fight, that you will not fight?” They said: “How could we refuse to fight in the cause of Allah, seeing that we were turned out of our homes and our families?” But when they were commanded to fight, they turned back, except a small band among them. But Allah has full knowledge of those who were so wrong. Their Prophet said to them: “Allah has appointed Talut as king over you.” They said: “How can he exercise authority over us when we are better fitted than he to exercise authority, and he is not even gifted, with wealth in abundance?” He said: “Allah has chosen him above you, and has gifted him abundantly with knowledge and bodily prowess. Allah grants His authority to whom He pleases. Allah cares for all, and He knows all things.” And further their Prophet said to them: “A Sign of his authority is that there shall come to you The Ark of the Covenant, with an assurance therein of security from your Lord, and the relics left by the family of Musa and the family of Haroun, carried by angels. In this is a Symbol for you if you indeed have faith.” When Talut set forth with the armies, he said: “Allah will test you at the stream. If any drinks of its water, he does not go with the army. Only those who do not taste of it go with me. A mere sip out of the hand is excused.” But they all drank of it, except a few. When they crossed the river, he and the faithful ones with him, they said: “This day we cannot cope with Jalut and his forces.” But those who were convinced that they must meet Allah said: “How oft, by Allah’s will, has a small force vanquished a big one? Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere.” When they advanced to meet Jalut and his forces, they prayed: ”Our Lord! Pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm: help us against those that reject faith.” (Quran: 2/246-250) When both armies had assembled face-to-face, Jalut challenged any soldier from Talut’sarmy for a single combat. The tradition of the warfare was that the opposing armies would
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 132engage after the single combatants had tested each other. No Israelite soldier was willing to faceand fight Jalut. King Talut offered his pretty daughter in marriage to any soldier who would faceand fight Jalut. There was complete silence on the battlefield. Much to the surprise of all thosepresent, a very young man of a common stature stepped from the Israelites. This young man wasDawud (David).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 133PROPHET DAWUD (DAVID) AS Prophet Dawud (AS) was from the city of Bethlehem. His father had ordered him andtwo of his brothers to join the army of Talut. However, Prophet Dawud (AS) was under orders ofhis father not to engage in combat but to serve the needs of the army soldiers in the battlefield.When Prophet Dawud (AS) had stepped in the battlefield to face Jalut, King Talut was veryimpressed with his courage. Talut signaled Prophet Dawud (AS) to come to him, and said, “Iadmire your courage, but you are no match for that huge warrior. I am hopeful that some strongsoldier from our side will come forward.” Prophet Dawud (AS) replied that he had made up his mind to face the challenge for theirfight was for the cause of Allah (SWT). It was a struggle between the believers and theunbelievers. Moreover, only the day before he had single handedly killed a lion that hadthreatened the herd of his father. In the past, he had killed other dangerous predatory animals thathad threatened the possessions of his family. Prophet Dawud (AS) asked King Talut not to judgehim by his stature, for he was fearless of any man or beast! Prophet Dawud (AS) said: “Allah(SWT), who protected me from the claws of the bear and the fangs of the lion will certainlyprotect me from this infidel brute!” King Talut was convinced that Prophet Dawud (AS) had made up his mind to face Jalut.King Talut conceded to the wishes of this young, fearless warrior. He said, “My brave soldier, ifyou are that confident, then may Allah (SWT) guard you and Grant you the strength to succeedin your challenge!” Prophet Dawud (AS) entered the battlefield without wearing any armor. He had collectedand filled his leather pouches with pebbles. A sling was hanging around his shoulders and ashepherd’s staff was in his hands. When Jalut saw him, he laughed out loud and asked, “Are youaware about what you are facing here? You will loose your head with one swipe of my sword!” Prophet Dawud (AS) replied, “You may have the armor, the shield and the sword, but Iface you in the name of Allah, the Lord of the World. You have mocked Allah’s Laws. Today, itwill be seen that it is not the sword that kills, but it is the Will and Power of Allah (SWT)!” Prophet Dawud (AS) took his sling, loaded it with a pebble and swung it, aiming at Jalut.The pebble traveled with the speed of a missile and hit Jalut in the forehead. The force of theimpact cracked his skull and blood gushed from it. The blood rolled downwards covering both ofJalut’s eyes. Jalut fell lifeless on the ground before he could even draw his sword! When the Philistines saw that their leader had crumbled to the ground, they ran away.The Israelites chased the fleeing enemies and killed everyone they could reach. The Israeliteshad finally taken their revenge for their years of sufferings at the hands of their enemies. TheIsraelites had regained their lost glory and honor. They repossessed the Ark. Prophet Dawud (AS) earned the respect and the praise of every person among thechildren of Israel. King Talut was pleased with Prophet Dawud (AS) and married his daughterMiqel (Michele) to him. Prophet Dawud (AS) was elevated in status and appointed as an advisorto King Talut.ΟßγŸÒ÷è/ ¨$¨Ψ9$# «!$# ßìøùyŠ Ÿωöθs9uρ 3 â™!$t±„ $£ϑÏΒ …çμyϑ¯=tãuρ sπyϑò6Ïtø:$#uρ šù=ßϑø9$# ª!$# çμ9s?#u™uρ šVθä9%y` ߊ…ãρ#yŠ Ÿ≅tFs%uρ «!$# ÂχøŒÎ*Î/ ΝèδθãΒt“yγsù t } o ∩⊄∈⊇∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# ’n?tã @≅ôÒsù ρèŒ ©!$# £⎯Å6≈s9uρ Ù⇓ö‘F{$# ÏNy‰|¡x©9 <Ù÷èt7Î/ By Allah’s will, they routed them; and Dawud slew Jalut; and Allah gave him power and wisdom and taught him whatever else He willed. Moreover if Allah did not check one set of
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 134 people by means of another, the earth indeed will be full of mischief: but Allah is full of bounty to all the worlds. (Quran: 2/251) The fame and the glory bestowed upon Prophet Dawud (AS) by the entire nation ofIsraelites did not bring any change in his personality. Prophet Dawud (AS) continued his routineof regularly going into the desert and glorifying Allah (SWT). He maintained his prayers andworshipped Allah (SWT). Prophet Dawud (AS) used to recite his scriptures and pray out loud inthe desert. He had a melodious voice. The mountains repeated the scriptures in unison with hisvoice. The birds would assemble and repeat the prayers in their own tones. This union of thedifferent voices created an atmosphere whereby the entire universe appeared to have joined inpraising Allah (SWT), the Magnificent and the Creator!ö©Ü9$#uρ ∩⊇∇∪ É−#uõ°M}$#uρ Äc©Å´yèø9$$Î/ z⎯ósÎm7|¡ç„ …çμyètΒ tΑ$t7Ågø:$# $tΡö¤‚y™ $¯ΡÎ) ∩⊇∠∪ ë>#¨ρr& ÿ…çμ¯ΡÎ) ( ω÷ƒF{$# #sŒ yŠ…ãρ#yŠ $tΡy‰ö7tã öä.øŒ$#uρ tβθä9θà)tƒ $tΒ 4’n?tã ÷É9ô¹$#u ∩⊄⊃∪ É>$sÜσø:$# Ÿ≅óÁsùuρ sπyϑõ3Åsø9$# çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™uρ …çμs3ù=ãΒ $tΡ÷Šy‰x©uρ ∩⊇®∪ Ò>#¨ρr& ÿ…ã&©! @≅ä. ( Zοu‘θà±øtxΧ Have patience at what they say, and remember Our Servant Dawud, the man of strength, for he always turned to Allah. It was We that made the hills declare, in unison with him, Our praises, at eventide and at break of day. And the birds gathered in assemblies, all with him turned to Allah. We strengthened his kingdom, gave him wisdom and sound judgment in speech and decision. (Quran: 38/17-20) Allah (SWT) Revealed the Zaboor to Prophet Dawud (AS). In addition, Prophet Dawud(AS) was endowed with the ability to understand the languages of the birds and the animals.Prophet Dawud (AS) fasted every alternate day and prayed for at least one-third of each night. ∩∈∈∪ #Y‘θç/y— Š…ãρ#yŠ $oΨ÷s?#u™uρ ( <Ù÷èt/ 4’n?tã z⎯↵ÍhŠÎ;¨Ψ9$# uÙ÷è/ $uΖù=Òsù ô‰s)s9uρ 3 ÇÚö‘F{$#ρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ’Îû ⎯yϑÎ/ ÞΟn=ôãr& y7š/u‘ρ y t u u And it is your Lord that knows best all that is in heavens and on the earth; We bestowed on some Prophets more and other gifts than on others: and We gave to Dawud the gift of the Zaboor. (Quran: 17/55) Allah (SWT) had Granted Prophet Dawud (AS) overwhelming popularity and a greatinfluence over his people. The strength granted to him by Allah (SWT) was immeasurable; hewas able to twist an iron armor with his bare hands. ∩⊇⊃∪ y‰ƒÏ‰ptø:$# çμs9 $¨Ψ9r&uρ ( uö©Ü9$#uρ …çμyètΒ ’Î1Íiρr& ãΑ$t7Éf≈tƒ ( WξôÒsù $¨ΖÏΒ yŠ…ãρ#yŠ $oΨ÷s?#u™ ô‰s)s9uρ * s We bestowed Grace aforetime on Dawud from Ourselves: “O you Mountains! You sing back the Praises of Allah with him! Also you birds!” And We made the iron soft for him. (Quran: 34/10) The Israelites also respected Prophet Dawud (AS) for his courage and wisdom.However, Prophet Dawud’s (AS) popularity among the nation of Israelites created a deep senseof jealousy and insecurity in the mind of King Talut. King Talut had developed a paranoia thatProphet Dawud (AS) was going to dethrone him and takeover the rule of the nation. One day King Talut summoned Prophet Dawud (AS) and ordered him to defend theirkingdom from the advancing Canaanites. King Talut added that Prophet Dawud (AS) was not toreturn to the kingdom unless conclusive victory over the Canaanites was secured. ProphetDawud (AS) knew that a plot had been hatched whereby he was to be assassinated in thebattlefield. Prophet Dawud (AS) did not really care about his own life as he was a devotee ofAllah (SWT). He accepted whatever fate that had been Decreed for him. After a fierce fight onthe battleground, the Israelites triumphed over their enemies and Prophet Dawud (AS) returnedvictorious to King Talut.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 135 King Talut plotted with his henchmen to kill Prophet Dawud (AS) at the first availableopportunity. The information about this plot leaked and was picked up by Michele, the wife ofthe Prophet Dawud (AS). Michele was also King Talut’s daughter. She warned her husband to beextra vigilant for himself as her father was planning to assassinate him. Prophet Dawud (AS) wasshocked when he learned about the plot against him. He was deeply hurt to learn that somepeople were conspiring to cause serious rifts between himself and King Talut. Rumors had beencirculated against him, which said that Prophet Dawud (AS) was planning to overthrow KingTalut. When he heard about these unfounded and malicious accusations against him, he knew hehad no such designs as he was quite content with everything that he possessed with the Grace ofAllah (SWT). Prophet Dawud (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) to Prevent Satan from taking over thesenses of the good King Talut! At the same time Prophet Dawud (AS) decided to leave hispalace and moved in a mountain cave out of reach King Talut. When Prophet Dawud’s (AS) family and friends learned of his whereabouts they joinedhim. Gradually, his followers from the children of Israel increased because King Talut hadstarted to impose harsher conditions for the people of his nation. King Talut treated educatedcitizens harshly and tortured those who raised their voices against the state-imposed cruelty.Dissention arose within the nation as his subjects began to turn against him. King Talut preparedhis army to march towards the mountains where Prophet Dawud (AS) and his followers lived.When this news reached Prophet Dawud (AS) he decided to meet the challenge and settle theissues between them. Upon entering the valley between the mountains, King Talut’s army decided to encampand rest for the night. They were tired because of their long march. Prophet Dawud (AS) secretlyentered the camp and crept up to the sleeping King Talut. Prophet Dawud (AS) captured theking’s staff and cut off a piece of Talut’s garment with his sword. Then Prophet Dawud (AS)awakened the king and told him: “O King! You have leveled false accusations against me, and Iam innocent of those! You have decided to go to war against me and have come in my area. I donot hate you and do not wish to kill you. If I wanted you killed, I could have done it while youwere asleep. Here is a piece of garment you are wearing. Instead of cutting it I could have cut offyour head. You know that I am not afraid of anything except Allah (SWT). My mission is that oflove and not malice.” King Talut realized his mistake and sought the forgiveness of Prophet Dawud (AS). Bothof them reconciled their differences and agreed to live as a family. During one of the expeditionsof war against the neighboring nations, King Talut lost his life. Prophet Dawud (AS) had notparticipated in that battle. The Israelites asked Prophet Dawud (AS) to take over the rule of their nation. Allah(SWT) strengthened the dominion of Prophet Dawud (AS) and made him victorious over all theirenemies. His kingdom was strong and great; his enemies feared him and never wanted to engagehim into any war. Allah (SWT) had also Blessed Prophet Dawud (AS) with a righteous son,Suleiman (Solomon) who was an exceptionally intelligent and wise right from his childhood. Prophet Dawud (AS) took the extra care to nurture and guide his son, Suleiman, towardsthe service of Allah (SWT). Suleiman would spend a lot of time in the company of his father,and increase his knowledge about the affairs of the kingdom and the proper ways towards Allah(SWT).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 136 When Suleiman was about eleven years old, as per his routine, he was sitting in the court,with his father. Prophet Dawud (AS) was hearing a petition. The petitioner said, “O Prophet!This man’s sheep came to my field at night and ate the grapes I had planted. I seek compensationfrom him.” Prophet Dawud (AS) asked the other man if it was true. When that person replied in theaffirmative, saying “Yes, Sir.” Prophet Dawud (AS) pronounced judgment: “It is my judgmentthat you should give him the flock of your sheep in exchange for the crop.” Suleiman intercepted and offered, “I have a different opinion. The owner of the sheepshould take the field to cultivate until the grapes grow while the petitioner should take the sheepand make use of their wool and milk until his field is repaired. If the grapes grow and the fieldreturns to its former state, then the petitioner should take his field and give back the sheep totheir owner.” Prophet Dawud (AS) was very pleased with this opinion and ordered that it be enteredinto judgment. He then addressed his son Suleiman: “This is a sound judgment. Praise is to Allah(SWT) for bestowing wisdom upon you. You are truly Suleiman the Wise.” Prophet Dawud (AS) was a just and a righteous ruler who brought peace and prosperityto his people and Allah (SWT) Honored him as his messenger. Zaboor is composed of themessages revealed to Prophet Dawud (AS). In the Bible, they are known as Psalms or the Songsof David. Although Prophet Dawud (AS) was a king, yet he did not draw his wages from thenation. He earned his income by the sale of the weapons he made. Once Prophet Dawud (AS) stepped on his prayer mat and instructed his guards to ensurethat, his prayers were not interrupted by anyone. However, two strangers managed to approachhim before he could start his prayers. Prophet Dawud (AS) was surprised at this intrusion andasked, “Who are you? What do you want?” One of the strangers replied, “We have a dispute between ourselves and need an urgentresolution!” Prophet Dawud (AS) asked what the dispute was. The same stranger replied, “We are two brothers. He has ninety-nine sheep and I haveone. Now he demands that I give him my one sheep. Also, he is very rude to me!” Prophet Dawud (AS) decreed: “He is wrong in his demand. Also it is a common practiceamong many partners to oppress each other, except those who believe in Allah (SWT) do notfollow such practices.” Upon hearing this, both strangers vanished from sight. Prophet Dawud (AS) realized thatboth strangers were in fact angels sent by Allah (SWT) with a Message to remind him that nojudgment will ever be fair unless both parties are heard.4’n?tã $uΖàÒ÷è/ 4©xöt/ Èβ$yϑóÁz ( ô#‚? Ÿω (#θä9$s% ( öΝåκ÷]ÏΒ tíÌ“xsù yŠ…ãρ#yŠ 4’n?tã (#θè=yzyŠ øŒÎ) ∩⊄⊇∪ z>#tósÏϑø9$# (#ρ⑧θ|¡n@ øŒÎ) ÄΝóÁy‚ø9$# (#àσt7tΡ y79s?r& ö≅yδuρ * t y y sΑ$s)sù ×οy‰Ïn≡uρ ×πf÷ètΡ u’Í<uρ Zπf÷ètΡ βθãèó¡Î@ρ Óìó¡Î@ …çμs9 ©År& !#x‹≈yδ ¨βÎ) ∩⊄⊄∪ ÅÞ≡uÅ_Ç9$# Ï™!#uθy™ 4’n<Î) !$tΡω÷δ$#uρ ñÝÏÜô±è@ Ÿωuρ Èd,ysø9$$Î/ $uΖoΨ÷t/ /ä3÷n$$sù <Ù÷èt/t y y t uωÎ) CÙ÷è/ 4’n?tã öΝåκÝÕ÷è/ ‘Éóö6u‹9 Ï™!$sÜn=èƒø:$# ⎯ÏiΒ #ZÏVx. ¨βÎ)uρ ( ⎯ÏμÅ_$yèÏΡ 4’n<Î) y7ÏGyf÷ètΡ ÉΑ#xσÝ¡Î0 y7yϑn=sß ô‰s)s9 tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊂∪ É>$sÜσø:$# ’Îû ’ÎΤ¨“tãuρ $pκÏΨù=Ïø.r& t t s z¨βÎ)uρ ( 7Ï9≡sŒ …çμ9 $tΡöxtóù ∩⊄⊆∪ ) z>$tΡr&uρ $YèÏ.#u‘ §yzρ …çμ−/u‘ txøótGó™$$sù çμ≈¨ΨtGsù $yϑ¯Ρr& ߊ…ãρ#yŠ £⎯sßuρ 3 öΝèδ $¨Β ×≅‹Î=s%uρ ÏM≈ysÎ=≈¢Á9$# (#θè=Ïϑtãuρ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# y s s u
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 137⎯tã 7¯=ÅÒãŠù 3“θyγø9$# ÆìÎ7®Ks? Ÿωuρ Èd,ptø:$$Î/ Ĩ$¨Ζ9$# t⎦÷⎫t/ Λäl÷n$$sù ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû Zπx‹Î=yz y7≈oΨù=yèy_ $¯ΡÎ) ߊ…ãρ#y‰≈tƒ ∩⊄∈∪ 7U$t↔tΒ z⎯ó¡ãmuρ 4’s∀ø9â“s9 $tΡy‰ΖÏã …ã&s! y s u ∩⊄∉∪ É>$|¡Ïtø:$# Πöθtƒ (#θÝ¡nΣ $yϑÎ/ 7‰ƒÏ‰x© Ò>#x‹ã öΝßγs9 «!$# È≅‹Î6y™ ⎯tã tβθ=ÅÒtƒ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ¨βÎ) 4 «!$# È≅‹Î6y™ t t Has the story of the Disputants reached you? Behold, they climbed over the wall of the private chamber; when they entered the presence of Dawud, and he was terrified of them, they said: “Fear not, we are two disputants, one of whom has wronged the other, decide now between us with truth, and treat us not with injustice, but guide us to the even Path. This is my brother, he has nine and ninety ewes, and I have only one. Yet he wants to take it away from me, moreover he speaks very harshly with me.” Dawud said: “He has undoubtedly wronged you in demanding your single ewe for addition to his flock. Truly many are the business partners who wrong each other. Yet it is not done by those who are righteous, and how few are they?” And Dawud realized that We had tried him. He asked forgiveness of his Lord, fell down bowing in prostration and turned to Allah in repentance. So We forgave him this lapse, he indeed enjoyed a Near Approach to Us, and a beautiful Place of final Return. O Dawud! We did indeed make you a vicegerent on earth, so you judge between men in truth and justice, nor do you follow the lusts of your heart for they will mislead from the Path of Allah, for those who wander astray from the Path of Allah, is a grievous Penalty, because they forget the Day of Account. (Quran: 38/21-26) On the day Prophet Dawud (AS) died, more than four thousand priests and thousands ofpeople from within his nation and the surrounding nations attended his funeral. The day was veryhot. His son, Suleiman called upon the birds to provide the shade and to protect his father’s bodyalong with those who had come to bury their king and the prophet. This was the first signwitnessed by the people for the ascension of Suleiman to the throne of Israel and as the Prophetof Allah (SWT).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 138PROPHET SULEIMAN (SOLOMON) (AS) Prophet Suleiman (AS) inherited the kingdom and the prophet hood after his father,Prophet Dawud (AS) died. There was no material wealth to inherit, just the physical mission asthe messenger of Allah (SWT).Α$s%uρ ( yŠ…ãρ#yŠ ß⎯≈yϑøŠn=ß™ y^Í‘uρuρ ∩⊇∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# ÍνÏŠ$t7Ïã ô⎯ÏiΒ 9ÏWx. 4’n?ã $uΖn=Òsù “Ï%©!$# ¬! ߉ôϑptø:$# Ÿω$s%uρ ( $Vϑù=Ïã z⎯≈yϑø‹n=ß™uρ yŠ…ãρ#yŠ $oΨ÷s?#u™ ô‰s)s9uρt tħΡM}$#uρ Çd⎯fø9$# ⎯ÏΒ …çνߊθãΖã_ z⎯≈yϑø‹n=Ý¡Ï9 uųãmuρ ∩⊇∉∪ ß⎦⎫Î7ßϑø9$# ã≅ôÒxø9$# uθçλm; #x‹≈yδ ¨βÎ) ( >™ó©x« Èe≅ä. ⎯ÏΒ $uΖÏ?ρé&uρ Îö©Ü9$# t,ÏÜΖtΒ $oΨôϑÏk=ãæ â¨$¨Ζ9$# $y㕃r¯≈tƒ É z ∩⊇∠∪ tβθããy—θムôΜßγsù Îö©Ü9$#uρ In the past We gave knowledge to Dawud and Suleiman, they both said: “Praise be to Allah, Who has favored us above many of His servants who believe!” And Suleiman was Dawud’s heir. He said: “O you people! We have been taught the speech of Birds, and on us has been bestowed a little of everything, this is indeed Grace manifest from Allah.” And before Suleiman were marshaled his hosts, of Jinns and men and birds, and they were all kept in order and ranks. (Quran: 27/15-17) When Prophet Suleiman (AS) took over the kingdom, the first prayer was to beg Allah(SWT) for a kingdom such as none would have after him, and Allah (SWT) Granted his wish.Apart from unlimited wisdom, Allah (SWT) had Blessed Prophet Suleiman (AS) with theabilities to command and control the winds and converse and understand the languages of theanimals and the birds. Prophet Suleiman (AS) was vested with the powers to control the Jinn andthe men. Prophet Suleiman (AS) mined the earth, and extracted its minerals to make the toolsand the weapons for the benefit of the humanity. Allah (SWT) had also favored him with acopper mine, which was a rare metal at that time. Prophet Suleiman (AS) had invested in high-quality horses. He was fascinated by theirbeauty and grace. He established well-planned stables and employed caretakers to maintain theanimals. He would spend a lot of his spare time reviewing and inspecting his horses. Once, hegot so busy in his inspections that the time for the mid-afternoon prayer elapsed. ProphetSuleiman exclaimed, “The love of these finer things is keeping me away from the service of myLord!”⎯tã Îsƒø:$# ¡=ãm àMö6t7ômr& þ’ÎoΤÎ) Α$s)sù ∩⊂⊇∪ ߊ$u‹Ågø:$# àM≈uΖÏ≈¢Á9$# Äc©Å´yèø9$$Î/ Ïμø‹n=ã uÚÌãã øŒÎ) ∩⊂⊃∪ ë>#¨ρr& ÿ…çμ¯ΡÎ) ( ߉ö7yèø9$# zΝ÷èÏΡ 4 z⎯≈yϑøŠn=ß™ yŠ…ãρ#y‰Ï9 $uΖö7yδuρuρ ö t t⎯ÏμÍh‹Å™öä. 4’n?ã $uΖøŠs)ø9r&uρ z⎯≈yϑø‹n=ß™ $¨ΖtFsù ô‰s)s9uρ ∩⊂⊂∪ É−$uΖôãF{$#uρ É−θ¡9$$Î/ $Gsó¡tΒ t,ÏsÜsù ( ¥’n?tã $yδρ–Šâ‘ ∩⊂⊄∪ É>$yfÏtø:$$Î/ ôNu‘#uθs? 4©®Lym ’În1u‘ Ìø.ÏŒ t“ÌøgrB yxƒÌh9$# çμ9 $tΡö¤‚|¡sù ∩⊂∈∪ Ü>$¨δθø9$# |MΡr& y7¨ΡÎ) ( ü“ω÷è/ .⎯ÏiΒ 7‰tnL{ ©Èöt7.⊥tƒ ω %Z3ù=ãΒ ’Í< ó=yδuρ ’Í< öÏøî$# Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊂⊆∪ z>$tΡr& §ΝèO #Y‰|¡y_ s u tô7Å¡øΒ& ÷ρr& ô⎯ãΨøΒ$$sù $tΡäτ!$sÜtã #x‹≈yδ ∩⊂∇∪ ÏŠ$xô¹F{$# ’Îû t⎦⎫ÏΡ§s)ãΒ t⎦⎪Ìyz#u™uρ ∩⊂∠∪ <É#§θxîuρ &™!$¨Ζt/ ¨≅ä. t⎦⎫ÏÜ≈u‹¤±9$#uρ ∩⊂∉∪ z>$|¹r& ß]ø‹ym ¹™!%s{â‘ ⎯ÍνÌøΒrÎ/ r ∩⊆⊃∪ 5>$t↔Β ⎯ó¡ãmuρ 4’s∀ø9â“s9 $tΡy‰ΖÏã …çμs9 ¨βÎ)uρ ∩⊂®∪ 5>$|¡Ïm ÎötóÎ/ t z To Dawud We gave Suleiman as a son – how excellent in Our service! Always he was turning to us! Behold, there were brought before him, at eventide, horses of the highest breeding, and swift of foot. And he said: “Truly do I love the love of good, with a view to the glory of my Lord,” until the sun was hidden in the veil of night. “Bring them back to me.” Then he began to pass his hand over their legs and their necks. And We did try Suleiman: We placed on his throne a dead body, but a he turned to Us in true devotion. He said: “O my Lord! Forgive me, and grant me a Kingdom which does not suit another after me. For You are the Grantor of Bounties without measure.” Then we subjected the wind to his power, to flow gently to his order, whithersoever he willed. As also the evil ones, including every kind of builder and
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 139 diver. As also others bound together in fetters. Such are Our Bounties, whether you bestow them on others or withhold them, no account will be asked. And he enjoyed, indeed, a Near Approach to Us, and a Beautiful Place of final Return. (Quran: 38/30-40) Once Prophet Suleiman (AS) was leading his army, which was made up of differentbattalions of men, the Jinns, the birds and the animals, towards the country of Askalon. Whenthey approached a valley, Prophet Suleiman (AS) heard an ant shouting to other ants, “Run toyour homes! Suleiman and his army might crush you!” Prophet Suleiman (AS) immediatelythanked Allah (SWT) for the faculties granted to him whereby he could hear the cries of the ants.He was grateful that the ants had gotten out of the way of the army and saved their own lives.(#θè=äz÷Š$# ã≅ôϑ¨Ψ9$# $y㕃r¯≈ƒ ×s#ôϑΡ ôMs9$s% È≅ôϑ¨Ψ9$# ÏŠ#uρ 4’n?tã (#öθs?r& !#sŒÎ) #©¨Lym ∩⊇∠∪ tβθããy—θムôΜßγsù Îö©Ü9$#uρ ħΡM}$#uρ Çd⎯Éfø9$# z⎯ÏΒ …çνߊθãΖã_ z⎯≈yϑø‹n=Ý¡Ï9 uųãmuρ t tšFyϑ÷èÏΡ ä3ô©r& ÷β& û©Í_ôãΗ÷ρr& Éb>‘ tΑ$s%uρ $yγÏ9öθs% ⎯ÏiΒ %Z3Ïm$|Ê zΟ¡¡t6tGsù ∩⊇∇∪ tβρããèô±o„ Ÿω óΟèδuρ …çνߊθãΖã_uρ ß⎯≈yϑøŠn=ß™ öΝä3¨ΖyϑÏÜøts† Ÿω öΝà6uΖÅ3≈|¡tΒ t t r u ∩⊇®∪ š⎥⎫ÅsÎ=≈¢Á9$# x8ÏŠ$t7Ïã ’Îû y7ÏGpΗôqtÎ/ ©Í_ù=Åz÷Šr&uρ çμ8|Êös? $[sÎ=≈|¹ Ÿ≅uΗùår& ÷β&uρ ”t$Î!≡uρ 4’n?tãuρ ¥’n?tã |Môϑyè÷Ρr& û©ÉL©9$# r And before Suleiman were marshaled his hosts, of Jinns and men and birds, and they were all kept in order and ranks. At length, when they came to a lowly valley of ants, one of the ants said, “O you ants! Get into your habitations, lest Suleiman and his hosts crush you without knowing it.” So he smiled, amused at her speech, and he said, “O my Lord! So order me that I may be grateful for Your favors, which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may work the righteousness that will please You , and admit me, by Your Grace, to the ranks of Your Righteous Servants.” (Quran: 27/17-19) On a huge rock in Jerusalem, “the Dome of Rock,” stands the monument built by ProphetSuleiman (AS). This building was built as a beautiful temple for the people to worship Allah.Huge boulders and rocks are used for the construction. The Jinn moved and placed theseenormous stone-blocks. On the completion of the Dome of the Rock Prophet Suleiman (AS) anda large part of his followers went for the pilgrimage to Makkah, in Arabia. After completing their Hajj ceremonies, Prophet Suleiman (AS) and his group traveled toSana’a in Yemen. Prophet Suleiman (AS) was highly impressed when he saw the sophisticatedirrigational network, constructed by the Yemenites to take care of the water supplies for theirentire nation. He decided to build a similar system in his own country but was aware that hiscountry lacked enough water springs. At home, Prophet Suleiman (AS) called for the hoopoe bird. The hoopoe bird had theability to smell and detect water under the ground. When his calls and the signals were notresponded to by the hoopoe bird, Prophet Suleiman (AS) decreed that, unless the bird had a goodexcuse, a severe punishment awaited the bird. The hoopoe eventually appeared and explained, “Ihave discovered something which is not within your knowledge. I was in Sheba and haveimportant news for you! A Queen Bilqis rules Sheba. The queen has plenty of wealth and abeautiful throne. Yet, in spite of all this wealth, Satan rules over her heart and the hearts of thepeople of her nation. Everyone in Sheba is a pagan and worships the sun as their god instead ofAllah (SWT).” Prophet Suleiman (AS) was surprised to hear this news and decided to verify theinformation. A letter was prepared and given to the hoopoe bird to deliver to Queen Bilqis inSheba. The bird had instructions to secretly observe and report the behavior of the queen aftershe had received the letter of Prophet Suleiman (AS). The hoopoe carried the letter, dropped it in the lap of the queen, and flew away to watchfrom a higher vantage point. The queen picked up the letter and read it. She was surprised at the
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 140opening sentence which proclaimed, “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful,” thequeen summoned her advisors and told them about the letter from Prophet Suleiman (AS). Theletter had summoned the queen to present herself in the court of Prophet Suleiman (AS). Thetone of the letter suggested that it was a demand of surrender or a warning of war. Queen Sheba’s practice was to consult her close advisors for all matters related to thenation of Sheba. Her advisors counseled her that Sheba was a strong nation and was unafraid togo to war with any nation. However, it was the decision of the queen that mattered. Whole ofSheba would support whatever the queen contemplated. The queen, in her wisdom, suggestedthat if the objectives could be achieved by peaceful negotiations, the war should be avoided. Sheadded, “Peace and friendship are better and wiser; war only brings humiliation, enslaves people,and destroys the good things. I have decided to send the most precious of our treasures as a giftfor Suleiman. The courtiers who deliver the gifts would also report back on the true strength ofSuleiman.”Èe≅à2 ⎯ÏΒ ôMuŠÏ?ρé&uρ öΝßγà6Î=ôϑ? Zοr&tøΒ$# ‘N‰y`uρ ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩⊄⊄∪ A⎦⎫É)tƒ :*t6t⊥Î/ ¥*t7y™ ⎯ÏΒ šçGø⁄Å_uρ ⎯ÏμÎ/ ñÝÏtéB öΝs9 $yϑÎ/ àMÜymr& tΑ$s)sù 7‰‹Ïèt/ uöxî y]s3yϑsù sÈ≅‹Î6¡¡9$# Ç⎯ã öΝè䣉Áù öΝßγn=≈yϑôã& ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ãΝßγs9 z⎯−ƒy—uρ «!$# Èβρߊ ⎯ÏΒ Ä§ôϑ¤±=Ï9 tβρ߉àfó¡„ $yγtΒöθs%uρ $yγ›?‰y`uρ ∩⊄⊂∪ ÒΟŠÏàã î¸ötã $oλm;uρ &™ó©« t | s r o t xθèδ ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω ª!$# ∩⊄∈∪ tβθãΖÎ=÷èè? $tΒρ tβθàøƒéB $tΒ ÞΟn=÷ètƒuρ ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ’Îû u™ó=y‚ø9$# ßlÌøƒä† “Ï%©!$# ¬! (#ρ߉àfó¡o„ ωr& ∩⊄⊆∪ tβρ߉tGôγƒ Ÿω ôΜßγsùu u töÝàΡ$$sù öΝåκ÷]tã ¤Αuθ? §ΝèO öΝÍκös9Î) ÷μÉ)ø9rsù #x‹≈yδ ©É<≈tFÅ3În/ =yδøŒ$# ∩⊄∠∪ t⎦⎫Î/É‹≈s3ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ |MΨä. ÷Π& |Mø%y‰|¹r& ãÝàΖoΨy™ tΑ$s% * ∩⊄∉∪ ) Ο‹Ïàyèø9$# ĸöyèø9$# >u‘ s r É(#θè=÷è? ωr& ∩⊂⊃∪ ÉΟŠÏm§9$# Ç⎯≈yϑôm§9$# «!$# ÉΟó¡Î0 …çμ¯ΡÎ)uρ z⎯≈yϑø‹n=ß™ ⎯ÏΒ …çμ¯ΡÎ) ∩⊄®∪ îΛqÌx. Ò=≈tGÏ. ¥’n<Î) ’Å+ø9é& þ’ÎoΤÎ) (#àσn=yϑø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ ôMs9$s% ∩⊄∇∪ tβθãèÅ_ötƒ #sŒ$tΒ s u(#θä9ρé&uρ ;οθè% (#θä9ρé& ß⎯øtwΥ (#θä9$s% ∩⊂⊄∪ Èβρ߉ηô±n@ 4©®Lym #¶öΔr& ºπyèÏÛ$s% àMΖà2 $tΒ “ÌøΒr& þ’Îû ’ÎΤθçGøùr& (#àσ=yϑø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ ôMs9$s% ∩⊂⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏϑÎ=ó¡ãΒ ’ÎΤθè?ù&uρ ¥’n?tã § u n7Ï9≡x‹.ρ ( ©!ÏŒr& !$yγ=÷δ& nο¢•Ïã& (#þθè=yèy_ρ $yδρ߉|¡øù& ºπtƒös% (#θè=yzyŠ #sŒÎ) x8θè=ßϑø9$# ¨βÎ) ôMs9$s% ∩⊂⊂∪ t⎦⎪ÌãΒùs? #sŒ$tΒ “ÌÝàΡ$$sù Å7ø‹s9Î) ãøΒF{$#uρ 7‰ƒÏ‰x© <¨ùt/y x u Î r r u r ∩⊂∈∪ tβθè=y™ößϑø9$# ßìÅ_ötƒ zΝÎ/ 8οtÏß$oΨsù 7π−ƒÏ‰yγÎ/ ΝÍκös9Î) îs#Å™öãΒ ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ ∩⊂⊆∪ šχθè=yèøtƒ But the Hoopoe did not tarry far, he came up and said, “I have discovered a territory which you have not discovered, and I have come from Sheba, with true tidings. I have found there a woman ruling over them and provided with every requisite, and she has a magnificent throne. I found her and her people worshipping the sun instead of Allah. Satan has made their deeds seem pleasing in their eyes, and has kept them away from the Path, so they receive no guidance. They are kept away from the Path, that they should not worship Allah, Who brings to light what is hidden in the heavens and the earth, and Know what you hide and what you reveal. Allah!, there is no god but He!, Lord of the Throne Supreme!” Suleiman said, “Soon we shall see whether you have told the truth or lied! You go, with this letter of mine, and deliver it to them, and wait to see what answer they return.” The Queen said, “You chiefs! Here is delivered to me a letter worthy of respect. It is from Suleiman, and is as follows: “ In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.” You be not arrogant against me, but come to me in submission to the True Religion.” She said, “You chiefs! Advise me in this affair. I have never decided on any issue without your presence.” They said, “We are endued with strength and given to vehement war. But the command is with you, so consider what you will command.” She said, “Kings, when they enter a country, despoil it, and make the nobles of its people its meanest, thus do they behave. But I am going to send him a present, and wait to see what answer my ambassadors’ return.” (Quran: 27/22-35) The hoopoe bird flew back to Prophet Suleiman (AS) and reported what it had seen andheard about the deliberations that took place between Queen Bilqis and her advisors.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 141 A little later, the border guards of Prophet Suleiman sent the information about the entryof the ambassadors of Sheba and relayed their progress. Prophet Suleiman (AS) was aware thatthese ambassadors were to probe for all the information about the strength of his army. So,Prophet Suleiman (AS) ordered general mobilization of his troops within the vicinity of theambassadors. The ambassadors were amazed to see the well-equipped and well-disciplined armyof the Jinn, the men, the animals and the birds. The ambassadors were further impressed whenthey observed that Prophet Suleiman (AS) was personally inspecting the soldiers and theweaponry. They realized that the army of Sheba was no match to what they were looking at! When the ambassadors entered the palaces, they calculated that the amount of gold inlaidon the sandalwood floors would itself be more than the entire wealth of the nation of Sheba.They felt apprehensive about the value of the gift brought by them for their presentation to theking. However, they presented their gift, offering it as a token of the friendship from QueenBilqis and the nation of Sheba. Prophet Suleiman (AS) refused to accept the gifts and told them,“Allah (SWT) has given me all the riches in the world! A large kingdom! In addition, the prophethood! I am therefore beyond bribery. My duty is to spread the belief in Tawheed, Oneness ofAllah (SWT)”. Prophet Suleiman (AS) instructed the ambassadors to return to their queen with the giftsthey had brought with them and to convey his message that she and her nation should stop theirpagan rituals of worshipping the sun. If it was not done, Sheba would be uprooted and its peopledriven out of their land by his army of the Jinn. When these Ambassadors returned to Sheba, they delivered the message, adding in theirreport, all the wonders and the mighty strength they had observed. Queen Bilqis decided topersonally visit the kingdom of Prophet Suleiman (AS). Before the departure of Queen Bilqisand her entourage from Sheba, an advance envoy was dispatched to inform Prophet Suleiman(AS) about the purpose of her visit. Prophet Suleiman (AS) learned about the visit of Queen Bilqis and asked his closest Jinnworkers if any one of them was capable of bringing the throne of Queen Sheba to him before herarrival. Jinn, Ifrit, offered to bring it before their meeting was over. All the Jinns offered toaccomplish the objective in various periods of time. Another Jinn offered, “I will bring it for youwithin the span of a blink!” and he actually produced the magnificent throne of Sheba, fromYemen to Palestine, in the court of Prophet Suleiman (AS) within the blink of the eye. He was arighteous Jinn and had the knowledge of the Book. Prophet Suleiman (AS) instructed his workers to alter the throne of Sheba in such amanner that the throne could only be recognized with great difficulty and after a detailedexamination. Prophet Suleiman (AS) wanted to test the comprehension and analytic faculties ofthe Queen of Sheba. The arrival of Queen Bilqis at the palaces was a ceremonial event. Prophet Suleiman(AS) pointed towards her throne and asked her if she recognized it. Queen Bilqis wasconfounded by what she saw; yet, she could not believe it. It was beyond her imagination andshe was unsure how to accept what she had left in her palace could have traveled ahead of her!The queen replied, “It looks like and closely resembles my throne.” Prophet Suleiman (AS) adjudged that the queen was not only an intelligent person but agood diplomat, too. The queen was invited into the Great Hall of the palace, where the floor hadbeen laid in shimmering and reflective glass. Deceived by the glaze, the queen presumed that it
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 142was water. Before she stepped on the floor, she raised her dress up to her ankles. ProphetSuleiman (AS) corrected her by telling her that it was, in fact, glass and not water. This amazing perception opened her inner vision when she realized that she was in thecompany of a magnificent and a highly intelligent person, who was not only a very powerful andknowledgeable ruler but also a messenger of Allah (SWT). The queen suddenly recalled themessage about her worships that she had received through her ambassadors. Queen Bilqisrepented her paganism and accepted to follow the guidance of the Prophet Suleiman (AS)towards the righteous path of Allah (SWT). Upon her return to Sheba, Bilqis, the Queen of Sheba, proclaimed her Islamic faith to allher nationals and asked them to give up their pagan worship of the sun. She told her nation thatthe sun was nothing but an object Created by Allah (SWT) for the benefit of all that was in theuniverse. The sun itself was the servant of Allah (SWT) and, therefore, had no powers of its ownto respond to the prayers of the pagans.Νßγ¨ΨÏ?ùΖn=sù öΝÍκös9Î) ôìÅ_ö‘$# ∩⊂∉∪ βθãmtøs? ö/ä3ÏG−ƒÏ‰κÍ5 ΟçFΡr& ö≅t/ Νä39s?#u™ !$£ϑÏiΒ ×öyz ª!$# u⎯Ç⎯8s?#u™ !$yϑsù 5Α$yϑÎ/ Ç⎯tΡρ‘‰Ïϑè?r& tΑ$s% z⎯≈yϑø‹n=ß™ u™!%y` $£ϑn=sù t u t p∩⊂∇∪ š⎥⎫ÏϑÎ=ó¡ãΒ ’ÎΤθè?ùtƒ βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% $pκÅ−öyèÎ/ ©Í_‹Ï?ùtƒ öΝä3•ƒr& (#àσn=yϑø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ Α$s% ∩⊂∠∪ tβρãÉó≈|¹ öΝèδuρ ©!ÏŒr& !$pκ÷]ÏiΒ Νåκ¨]y_Ì÷‚ãΖ9uρ $pκÍ5 Μçλm; Ÿ≅t6Ï% ω 7ŠθãΨèg¿2 t sO$tΡr& É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# ⎯ÏiΒ ÒΟù=Ïæ …çνy‰ΖÏã “Ï%©!$# tΑ$s% ∩⊂®∪ ×⎦⎫ÏΒ& ;“Èθs)s9 Ïμø‹n=tã ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ ( y7ÏΒ$s)¨Β ⎯ÏΒ tΠθà)s? βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ y7‹Ï?#u™ O$tΡr& Çd⎯Éfø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ ×MƒÌøÏã tΑ$s% z r$yϑ¯ΡÎ*sù ts3© ⎯tΒρ ( ãàø.& ÷Πr& ãä3ô©&u™ þ’ÎΤuθè=ö6u‹Ï9 ’În1‘ È≅ôÒsù ⎯ÏΒ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% …çνy‰ΖÏã #…É)tGó¡ãΒ çν#u™u‘ $£ϑn=sù 4 y7èùösÛ y7ø‹s9Î) £‰s?öƒ βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ y7‹Ï?#u™ x u r r u tôNu™!%` $£ϑ=sù ∩⊆⊇∪ βρ߉tGöκu‰ Ÿω ⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ⎯ÏΒ ãβθä3s? ôΘr& ü“‰tGöκsEr& öÝàΖtΡ $pκy−ötã $oλm; (#ρãÅj3tΡ Α$s% ∩⊆⊃∪ ×ΛqÌx. @©Í_xî ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ*sù txx. ⎯tΒuρ ( ⎯ÏμÅ¡øuΖÏ9 ãä3ô±o„ y n t t z Ï t⎯ÏΒ ôMtΡ%x. $pκ¨ΞÎ) ( «!$# Èβρߊ ⎯ÏΒ ß‰ç7÷è¨? MtΡ%x. $tΒ $y䣉¹uρ ∩⊆⊄∪ t⎦⎫ÏΗÍ>ó¡ãΒ $¨Ζä.uρ $yγÎ=ö7s% ⎯ÏΒ zΟù=Ïèø9$# $uΖÏ?ρé&uρ 4 uθèδ …çμ¯Ρr(. ôMs9$s% ( Å7ä©ótä #x‹s3≈yδr& Ÿ≅ŠÏ% | xÅ_U‘ ôMs9$s% 3 tƒÍ‘#uθ% ⎯ÏiΒ ×Š§yϑ•Β Óy÷À …çμ¯ΡÎ) tΑ$s% 4 $yγøŠs%$y™ ⎯tã ôMxt±.uρ Zπ¤fä9 çμ÷Gt6Å¡ym çμø?r&u‘ $£ϑn=sù ( yy÷¢Ç9$# ’Í?äz÷Š$# $oλm; Ÿ≅ŠÏ% ∩⊆⊂∪ t⎦⎪ÌÏ≈x. 7Θöθs% u s | x ∩⊆⊆∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# Éb>u‘ ¬! z⎯≈yϑøŠn=ß™ yìtΒ àMôϑn=ó™r&uρ ©Å¤øtΡ àMôϑn=sß ’ÎoΤÎ) Now when the embassy came to Suleiman, he said, “Will you give me abundance in wealth? But that which Allah has given me is better than that which He has given you! Nay it is you who rejoice in your gift! Go back to them, and be sure we shall come to them with such hosts as they will never be able to meet, we shall expel them from there in disgrace, and they will indeed feel humbled.” He said to his own Jinns, “You Chiefs! Which of you can bring to me her throne before they come to me in submission?” An Ifrit of the Jinns said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your council, indeed I have full strength for the purpose and may be trusted.” Said one who had knowledge of the Book, “I will bring it to you, within the twinkling of an eye!” Then when Suleiman saw it placed firmly before him, he said, “This is by the Grace of my Lord! To test me whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And if anyone is grateful, truly his gratitude is a gain for his own soul, but if anyone is ungrateful, truly my Lord is Free of all Needs, Supreme in Honor!” He said, “Transform her throne out of all recognition by her, let us see whether she is guided towards the truth or is one of those who receive no guidance.” So when she arrived, she was asked, “Is this your throne?” She said, “It was just like this, and knowledge was bestowed on us in advance of this, and we have submitted to Allah in Islam.” And he diverted her from the worship of others besides Allah, for she was sprung of a people that had no faith. She was asked to enter the lofty Palace, but when she saw it, she thought it was a lake of water, and she tucked up her skirts, uncovering her legs. He said, “This is but a palace paved smooth with slabs of glass.” She said, “O my Lord! I have indeed wronged my soul, I do now submit in Islam with Suleiman, to the Lord of the Worlds!” (Quran: 27/36-44)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 143 Prophet Suleiman (AS) was graced with the power to control the elements of the winds inaddition to the power to control the Jinns. Prophet Suleiman (AS) had a flying throne, whichcould travel at great speeds. The Kingdom was large and expansive. Prophet Suleiman (AS) keptabreast of all the affairs in the kingdom by flying around and observing the conditions of hissubjects. During one of these trips Prophet Suleiman (AS) observed an old man cutting wood fromthe forest. Prophet Suleiman (AS) was concerned; there was no one else within the vicinity andthe man was old. He decided to learn more about the affairs of the old man. Prophet Suleiman(AS) instructed his throne to land nearby, and he approached the old man. The old man hadbundled his cuttings and was carrying the load on his head. It was a hard and laborious task.Moreover, the load was obviously heavy for the old man to carry. Prophet Suleiman (AS) greeted the old man and asked him about himself. The old man told Prophet Ibrahim (AS), “I live in that village across the river. I have anold wife to support. My sons have gone away with their families, leaving me and my wife to takecare of ourselves. Every day I come here and assemble some firewood. I sell the firewood in themarket and buy food to maintain ourselves.” Prophet Suleiman (AS) was touched by the sad circumstances that had engulfed this oldman. He gave an expensive diamond to the old man and told him to sell it and lead a lessstrenuous life with his wife. The old man took the diamond and thanked Prophet Suleiman (AS)for his generosity. However, while the old man was crossing the river, the diamond slipped fromhis hand and fell into the water. The old man tried to recover it, but his bundle of the firewoodfell into the water. The old man realized that he would not be able to find the diamond in thedepth of the river; hence, he recovered whatever firewood was within reach. The water hadcarried some of the firewood away from him. That day the size of his load was far below normal; moreover, it was wet, so the old manearned much less money. As a result, their food for that day was also short. Both the old man andhis wife went to bed with some pangs of hunger! The next day, the old man resumed his toil ofcutting and collecting the firewood from the forest. After a few days, Prophet Suleiman (AS) again observed the same old man carrying theheavy bundle of the firewood. Prophet Suleiman (AS) came to the old man and asked him whyhe was still carrying the heavy load when he should have been at home with his wife! The oldman told Prophet Suleiman (AS) about the loss of the diamond in the river. Prophet Suleiman(AS) felt pity and gave another diamond to the old man. This time he instructed the old man tosecure the diamond in his turban and not to carry the firewood, as it would no longer benecessary. The old man dropped the bundle on the ground, crossed the river and was walkingback towards his home when an eagle, attracted by the glare in the turban, pounced on it andflew away with it. As he had no wood for sale both the old man and his wife slept hungry thatnight. The next day, the old man resumed his usual hard labor. When Prophet Suleiman (AS) saw the same old man again in the same routine, heassumed that old man had to be a greedy person or was a victim of crime. However, ProphetSuleiman (AS) prayed to Almighty Allah (SWT) and asked for divine guidance in this matter forhe was feeling great pity for the old man and wanted to help him. Allah (SWT) Revealed to him, “O Suleiman! What you have tried to do was to providethe livelihood to another being. This is solely My function and the livelihood has been writtenfor every individual as per My design. No person, not even a prophet has been delegated this
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 144right to supplement or to take away the livelihood from another person. What you should do is toask Me and leave it for me decide!” Prophet Suleiman (AS) went down in prostration, pleaded for forgiveness for himselfand his oversight when he had attempted to provide for another. He sincerely wished and soughtthe help of Allah (SWT) on behalf of the old man. Allah (SWT) the Merciful, the Listener theGenerous Permitted His Prophet Suleiman (AS) to hand over another diamond to the old man. When Prophet Suleiman (AS) approached the old man and offered him another diamond.This time the old man refused to accept the offer of the diamond and said, “O generous one!When I accepted a diamond from you the first time both me and my wife slept half hungry! Thenext time you gave me a diamond and me and my wife slept fully hungry! Today, you areoffering me another diamond, maybe this will be the end of me and my wife!” Prophet Suleiman (AS) assured the old man that it was with the approval and the will ofAllah (SWT) that he should take the diamond. On the previous two occasions, the approval ofAllah (SWT) was missing. The old man took the diamond and sold it to the jeweler for a huge sum. He bought alltypes of food for himself and distributed some food among his neighbors. Included in his foodwere fresh fish and other seafood. While his wife was cleaning the fish for cooking, she foundthe first diamond that had been lost in the river. His wealth doubled with the sale of the seconddiamond. Again, the old man distributed part of his new wealth among his poor neighbors. Duringthe gatherings of a communal festival, the old man observed that his turban was hanging by doorof the keeper. The old man identified himself as the owner of that turban and claimed it. Thekeeper handed over the turban to the old man, having satisfied himself of the bona fide claim.The old man had now found and recovered his second diamond! His wealth tripled after the saleof this diamond. The old man and his wife were ever grateful to Allah (SWT) for all Hisblessings and riches showered upon them. They were also very generous in paying their dues incharities for those less fortunate in their community. Prophet Suleiman (AS) had fully utilized the strength of the Jinn to carry out complexpublic works for the benefit of the nation. All the difficult and cumbersome tasks were beingassigned to the Jinns. The Jinns had been made submissive to the commands of ProphetSuleiman (AS) as a punishment for the sins committed by nations of the Jinn. The Jinn hadboasted to the humans that due to their invisible form, the Jinn had the capacity and knowledgeof the unseen. The unseen is the future! Only Allah (SWT) has the knowledge of the unseen.Prophet Suleiman (AS) had been granted the powers by Allah (SWT) to suppress and make theJinn work laboriously at his commands. At the same time, this would demonstrate to the humansthat the Jinn were incapable of knowing anything about the unseen. Prophet Suleiman (AS) used to caution the Jinn against their claims of the unseen. Headvised the people that only Allah (SWT) and no one else had such knowledge. He assuredhumanity that the Jinn had no such powers and the humans need not fear them. Prophet Suleiman (AS) had used his entire life to convey the message of righteousness inthe universe. His death demonstrated his mission: that the unseen is known only to Allah (SWT). Prophet Suleiman (AS) was supervising a project at a mine, where the Jinn were diggingand bringing out heavy loads while humans were sorting and placing it in order, and the birdsand the animals were assisting where they were needed. Prophet Suleiman (AS) was sitting onhis throne holding his staff. He died in that sitting position while the staff held the weight of his
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 145body and prevented it from falling down. All those present were unaware that Prophet Suleiman(AS) had died. His body remained in that position for days. Even the Jinn who had claimed to bethe possessors of the knowledge of the unseen were unaware of the death! A hungry ant nibbled at the base of the staff. After a couple of days of this nibbling, thestaff hollowed at the base and crumbled to the ground. The body of Prophet Suleiman (AS)dropped from the throne. When everyone rushed towards the throne, it was realized that thedeath had occurred long time in the past!ô⎯ã öΝåκ÷]ÏΒ ùøÌ“tƒ ⎯tΒρ ( ⎯ÏμÎn/u‘ ÈβøŒÎ*Î/ Ïμ÷ƒy‰ƒ t⎦÷⎫t/ ã≅yϑ÷èƒ ⎯tΒ Çd⎯Éfø9$# z⎯ÏΒuρ ( ÌôÜÉ)ø9$# t⎦÷⎫tã …çμs9 $uΖù=y™r&uρ ( Ööκy− $yγãm#uρu‘uρ Ööκy− $yδ–ρ߉äî yxƒÌh9$# z⎯≈yϑø‹n=Ý¡Ï9uρ t u t tyŠ…ãρ#yŠ Α#u™ (#þθè=yϑôã$# 4 BM≈u‹Å™#§‘ 9‘ρ߉è%uρ É>#uθpgø:$%. 5β$xÅ_uρ Ÿ≅ŠÏW≈yϑs?uρ |=ƒÌ≈pt¤Χ ⎯ÏΒ â™!$t±o„ $tΒ …çμs9 tβθè=yϑ÷ètƒ ∩⊇⊄∪ ÎÏè¡¡9$# É>#x‹tã ô⎯ÏΒ çμø%É‹çΡ $tΡÍöΔr& t x§yz $£ϑ=sù ( …çμ?r|¡ΨÏΒ ã≅à2s? ÇÚö‘F{$# èπ−/!#yŠ ωÎ) ÿ⎯ÏμÏ?öθtΒ 4’n?ã öΝçλ°;Š $tΒ |Nöθyϑø9$# Ïμø‹n=tã $uΖøŠŸÒs% $£ϑn=sù ∩⊇⊂∪ â‘θä3¤±9$# y“ÏŠ$t6Ïã ô⎯ÏiΒ ×≅‹Î=s%uρ 4 #[õ3ä© n s ù t y ∩⊇⊆∪ È⎦⎫Îγßϑø9$# É>#x‹yèø9$# ’Îû (#θèVÎ6s9 $tΒ |=ø‹tóø9$# tβθßϑn=ôètƒ (#θçΡ%x. öθ©9 βr& ⎯Ågø:$# ÏMuΖ¨t7s? And to Suleiman, We made the Wind obedient, its early morning stride was a month’s journey and it’s evening stride was a month’s journey. And We made a font of molten Brass flow for him, and there were Jinns that worked in front of him, by the leave of his Lord! And if any of them turned aside from Our command, We made him taste of the penalty of Fire. They worked for him as he desired making Arches, Images, and Basins as large as Reservoirs, and cooking Cauldrons fixed in their places, “You work, sons of Dawud, with thanks! But few of My servants are grateful!” Then when We decreed Suleiman’s death, nothing showed them his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept slowly gnawing away at his staff, so when he fell down, the Jinns saw plainly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have tarried in their humiliating penalty of their task. (Quran: 34/12-14) The death of Prophet Suleiman (AS) in the described fashion was a clear warning for theJinn to be aware that they possessed no knowledge of the future. It was also a Sign for thehumanity to know that only Allah (SWT) has the knowledge of the unseen and what lays in thefuture for them! The Jinn could not even save themselves from the humiliation of any further hard laborthat had been ordered by that their master; Prophet Suleiman (AS), who had already died!
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 146PROPHET YUNUS (JONAH) (AS) The story of Prophet Yunus (AS), who is also known as Dhun-Noon in the Holy Quran,reflects both the wrath and the mercy of Allah (SWT) that were showered upon a prophet whoabandoned his nation. The people of Nineveh had abandoned their Islamic monotheism and were practicingidolatry. They adopted shameless lifestyles; Prophet Yunus (AS) was directed to guide them tothe righteous path towards Allah (SWT). Those people did not like to hear his sermons and didnot wish to change their beliefs in their idols. They would argue, “Our fathers and their fathersbefore them have worshipped these gods for ages, yet no harm has touched us.” Prophet Yunus (AS) pursued his mission but was finding it difficult to make any progressamong his community. He warned them about the wrath of Allah (SWT), which could beinflicted upon them if they continued with their deviant practices. He told them that his missionwas to save them from the type of fate that had been inflicted upon and suffered by their earliernations, some of which were completely annihilated. The people brushed him off, saying, “Let ithappen!” Prophet Yunus (AS), frustrated by his lack of progress, lost his patience. Overcome withanger, he decided to leave Nineveh. He announced to his community, “I will leave you to yourmisery!” No sooner had he left the city when the people of the city noticed that the skies had begunto turn red, as if the sky was aflame. Fear spread throughout the city. The stories of thedestructions inflicted upon the earlier nations floated in the people’s minds. They were fearfuland imagined that their own destruction was looking upon them. It did not take them long to realize that their salvation could only come from the one andonly Allah (SWT). Maybe it was not too late to seek His mercy as had been urged by ProphetYunus (AS). But the messenger was no longer among them and they sincerely regretted theirattitudes that caused him to depart and leave them to their own fate. All the people gathered on the mountain and prayed to Allah (SWT) for His mercy and tospare them from His wrath. There were nothing but cries and prayers for the mercy of Allah(SWT) and their Salvation from the His wrath. There was not a single soul, present, who was notrepenting and begging for mercy. Their prayers echoed as if the mountains and the surroundingshad joined them. Allah (SWT) knows what is concealed in the hearts and on that day there wasnot a single person present who had not repented and begged for His mercy. Allah (SWT)withheld His wrath. When the threatening storms disappeared and the skies cleared the people of Nineveh, inall their sincerity, wished for the return of their messenger to guide them towards the righteouspath of Allah (SWT). They were grateful that Allah (SWT) had Showered his mercy upon themand they did not want to return to their old forms of worships. Prophet Yunus (AS) had left the city, seething with anger at its people. He boarded thefirst ship that was sailing away from Nineveh. It was a cargo vessel sailing towards distant lands.The ship embarked on its journey at sunlight on a bright and fair weather day when the sea wascalm. Prophet Yunus (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) for a safe journey. At night the weatherchanged and the sea became violent. The waves rocked the ship and sprayed its decks with hugewaves. The tilting of the ship from side to side by the tempest prompted the crew to enlighten itweight. They dumped their cargo and baggage overboard. It did not help their position. It was
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 147suggested and unanimously agreed among them that there was the need to lessen the ship’sweight further by dumping overboard one person a time, until the ship balances. However, it was decided that the game of chance would pick the person who was to bedumped overboard! Hence, all the names would be pooled and the person whose name is drawnwould be the one to be dumped to the mercy of the sea! Everyone agreed to this practice ofleaving the matters in the hands of the fate decided by a lottery. Prophet Yunus (AS) alsoaccepted this and agreed to participate in it! He knew that the seamen’s traditions werepolytheistic, yet he agreed. His name was added and the lots were drawn. The first name that popped up was that of Prophet Yunus (AS). The captain knew thepersonality of Prophet Yunus (AS). The captain also knew that Prophet Yunus (AS) was a goodand well-mannered person, who always preached for the good of society and was a very strongbeliever of monotheism in Islam. Now, the circumstances had cruelly placed this righteousperson in a position where he was being dumped overboard at the mercy of the cruel weather.The captain decided to have another draw and hoped that someone else’s name would show up.The second draw again produced the name of Prophet Yunus (AS). A third and final chance wasaccorded to him, yet again his name showed up. Prophet Yunus (AS) had been so engulfed in thedraws and the fates of the participants of the lottery that he forgot to invoke the mercy of Allah(SWT) in his hour of need. They had no other option except to dump him at the mercy of the sea. When he was beingthrown overboard, he suddenly realized his position and the fact that he had failed to rememberwhat he had learned all his life. He invoked the Divine Help and prayed to Allah (SWT). As soonas Prophet Yunus (AS) landed in the violent water, a huge whale gulped him, and then dove deepinto the dark ocean. He knew he was alive in the belly of the whale. Three layers of darkness hadenveloped him: 1. The darkness of whale’s belly, 2. The darkness of the ocean’s depth, and 3. The darkness, of the night. Prophet Yunus (AS) realized that Allah (SWT) had Imprisoned him in this deepest layerof darkness as a punishment for his deviation, no matter how tiny, from the righteous path. Hebegged and prayed for His forgiveness and His mercy.š⎥⎫ÏϑÎ=≈©à9$# z⎯ÏΒ àMΖà2 ’ÎoΤÎ) šoΨ≈ysö6ß™ |MΡr& HωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Hω βr& ÏM≈yϑè=—à9$# ’Îû 3“yŠ$oΨsù Ïμø‹n=tã u‘ωø)¯Ρ ⎯©9 βr& £⎯sàsù $Y6ÅÒ≈tóãΒ |=yδ©Œ ŒÎ) Èβθ‘Ζ9$# #sŒuρ ∩∇∠∪ And remember Dhun-nun, when he departed in wrath, he imagined that We had no power over him! But he cried through the depths of darkness: “There is no god but You. Glory to You. I was indeed wrong.” (Quran: 21/87) Prophet Yunus (AS) relentlessly repeated this invocation. The fishes and sea-animalsaround his prison began hearing his repeated prayers of helplessness. Later all those inhabitingthe sea, the seaweeds, and the plants of the sea also heard these prayers and joined him in hisprayers. Allah (SWT) Knew that the prayers of the invocation were sincere and truly apologetic;He responded to the pleas for His mercy, and Ordered the whale to surface and eject ProphetYunus (AS) on the land nearby. The whale swam towards the surface of the land and ejectedhim. The acids and fluids inside the belly of the whale had touched and inflamed his skin. Theanguish and the burning multiplied when the sun arose and the rays shone upon his body. The
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 148searing pain was unbearable, yet Prophet Yunus (AS) endured it and continued with hisinvocation and added thanks for his Deliverance. This pleased Allah (SWT) and Satan sufferedanother defeat. Allah (SWT) Ordered a plant to cover the body of His Prophet as a protection against thedirect rays of the sun and also to lubricate his skin with the balm from within its system. Allah(SWT) told Prophet Yunus (AS) that his prayers had saved him from the prison of the darkness,as otherwise it would have been his domain till the appointed Day of Judgment.∩⊇⊆⊄∪ ×Λ⎧Î=ãΒ uθèδρ ßNθçtø:$# çμyϑs)tGø9$$sù ∩⊇⊆⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÅÒymô‰ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ tβ%s3sù zΝyδ$|¡sù ∩⊇⊆⊃∪ Èβθßsô±yϑø9$# Å7ù=àø9$# ’n<Î) t,t/r& øŒÎ) ∩⊇⊂®∪ t⎦⎫Î=y™ößϑø9$# z⎯Ïϑs9 }§çΡθム¨βÎ)uρ u⎯ÏiΒ Zοtyf© Ïμø‹n=tã $uΖ÷Fu;/Ρr&uρ ∩⊇⊆∈∪ ÒΟŠÉ)™ θèδuρ Ï™!#tyèø9$$Î/ çμ≈tΡõ‹t6uΖsù * ∩⊇⊆⊆∪ tβθèWyèö7ムÏΘöθtƒ 4’n<Î) ÿ⎯ÏμÏΖôÜt/ ’Îû y]Î7n=s9 ∩⊇⊆⊂∪ t⎦⎫ÅsÎm7|¡ßϑø9$# z⎯ÏΒ tβ%x. …çμ¯Ρr& Iωöθn=sù x y u ∩⊇⊆∇∪ &⎦⎫Ïm 4’n<Î) öΝßγ≈oΨ÷è−GuΚsù (#θãΖtΒ$t↔sù ∩⊇⊆∠∪ šχρ߉ƒÌ“tƒ ÷ρr& A#ø9r& Ïπs($ÏΒ 4’n<Î) çμ≈oΨù=y™ö‘r&uρ ∩⊇⊆∉∪ &⎦⎫ÏÜø)tƒ So also was Yunus among those sent by Us. When he ran away, like slave from captivity to the fully laden ship. He agreed to cast lots, and was condemned. Then the big fish swallowed him, and he had done acts worthy of blame. Had it not been that he repented and Glorified Allah, he would have certainly remained inside the fish till the Day of Resurrection. But We cast him forth on the naked shore in a state of sickness. And We caused to grow, over him, a spreading plant of the gourd kind. And We sent him on a mission to a hundred thousand men or more. And they believed; so We permitted them to enjoy their life for a while. (Quran: 37/139-148) Prophet Yunus (AS) returned to his home in Nineveh. The entire community turned outto welcome him. He was very pleased to learn that they had abandoned their worshipping ofidols and reverted to Islam and complete submission to Allah (SWT). They all joined in athanksgiving prayer to their merciful and compassionate Allah (SWT).
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 149PROPHET SHI’A (ISAIAH) (AS) During the reign of Israelite King Hazkia in Jerusalem, Prophet Shi’a (AS) appearedamong the children of Israel. Prophet Shi’a (AS) is also one of the prophets who had prophesizedabout the comings of Prophets Eisa (AS) and the final prophet, Mohammed (SAW). King Hazkiagreatly respected and honored the wise counseling of Prophet Shi’a (AS). The laws of the nationwere promulgated based on the guidance of Prophet Shi’a (AS). Once, King Hazkia developedan infection in his foot. With the infection came a fever. While King Hazkia was undergoingthese personal problems, a serious national problem developed. The neighboring King Sinharib of Babylon, leading an army of more than sixty thousandmen, started advancing towards Jerusalem. The nation of Israelites became alarmed both at thesickness of their king and also the impending invasion by King Sinharib and his troops. King Hazkia called Prophet Shi’a (AS) and asked, “What has Allah revealed to youregarding Sinharib and his army?” As no revelation had been received, Prophet Shi’a (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) forguidance. What was revealed was not good news for King Hazkia. The king had been advised toappoint a successor to the throne as his death was fast approaching. When King Hazkia learned about this revelation, he went into prostration, glorifiedAllah, and invoked the help with all the sincerity, “O Lord of Lords! O benevolent and mercifulone, who neither sleeps nor nods, who can Overpower, remember me for my deeds and my justjudgment over the children of Israel. All that was from you and you know it better than I do. Allmy secrets and open acts are known to you. I turn to you in this hour of darkness over us!” Allah(SWT), the Merciful One, Responded. Prophet Shi’a (AS) was Advised that the lifespan of King Hazkia had been extended byaddition of about fifteen more years; his sickness will be healed and his enemy, King Sinharibwill be destroyed. When King Hazkia learned of this heartwarming news, he was overwhelmed and felldown in prostration saying, “O Lord! It is you who grants the elevation to the throne towhomsoever you wish! It is you who lowers and dethrones whomsoever you wish! You knowthe unseen and the evident! You are the first and the last! You grant mercy and answer theprayers of the troubled ones!” When King Hazkia raised his head from prostration, he found Prophet Shi’a (AS)holding liquid extracted from the fig plant. The liquid was applied to the infection, which healedrapidly and cured the sickness from the body of the king. The Angel of Death, leaving only King Sinharib and his five advisors, includingBukhtanasar, alive, annihilated the entire army of King Sinharib. They were all shackled by thesoldiers of King Hazkia and taken prisoners. King Hazkia proclaimed that these prisoners bedisplayed in public for the whole nation to see. A loaf of barley bread was their food. After thewhole nation of Israelites had seen their enemies, it was Revealed by Allah (SWT) to deport andrepatriate the prisoners back into their own country as a warning for their country men about theconsequences of illegal invasion. Upon their return in their homeland, King Sinharib relayed hisexperiences to his nation. After the death of King Hazkia of Jerusalem, the conditions of the Israelites againdeteriorated, with political confusion and the revival of polytheistic rituals. Prophet Shi’a (AS)continued with his mission but his preaching made him unpopular and generated cruel enemieswho wanted to kill him.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 150 Prophet Shi’a (AS) decided to escape from Jerusalem and take a sanctuary elsewhere.When his enemies learned of his plans, the killers among them chased after Prophet Shi’a (AS).As Prophet Shi’a (AS) was passing by a large tree, the tree opened up and Prophet Shi’a (AS)hid in the cavity of the tree. However, the tail end of his garment was left hanging outside thetrunk. The pursuers became aware of this hiding place, and mercilessly sawed down the entiretree cutting it into small pieces!
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 151PROPHET ARAMAYA (JEREMIAH) (AS)#Y‰ö6tã šχ%x. …çμ¯ΡÎ) 4 ?yθçΡ yìtΒ $oΨù=yϑym ô⎯tΒ sπ−ƒÍh‘èŒ ∩⊄∪ Wξ‹Å2uρ ’ÎΤρߊ ⎯ÏΒ (#ρä‹Ï‚−Gs? ωr& Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t6Ïj9 “W‰èδ çμ≈oΨù=yèy_uρ |=≈tGÅ3ø9$# ©y›θãΒ $oΨ÷s?#u™uρ$oΨ÷Wyèt/ $yϑßγ8s9ρé& ߉ôãuρ u™!%y` #sŒÎ*sù ∩⊆∪ #ZÎ6Ÿ2 #vθè=ãæ £⎯è=÷ètGs9uρ È⎦÷⎫s?§tΒ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ¨β߉šøçGs9 É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# ’Îû Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ 4’n<Î) !$oΨø‹ŸÒs%uρ ∩⊂∪ #Y‘θä3x©Νä3≈tΡ÷Šy‰øΒr&uρ öΝÍκön=tã nο§x6ø9$# ãΝä3s9 $tΡ÷ŠyŠu‘ ¢ΟèO ∩∈∪ Zωθãèø¨Β #Y‰ôãuρ šχ%x.uρ 4 Í‘$tƒÏe$!$# Ÿ≅≈n=Åz (#θß™$y∨sù 7‰ƒÏ‰x© <¨ùt/ ’Í<ρé& !$uΖ©9 #YŠ$t6Ïã öΝà6ø‹n=tæ(#θä↔ÿ⏐Ý¡ŠÏ9 ÍοtÅzFψ$# ߉ôãuρ u™!%y` #sŒÎ*sù 4 $yγn=sù öΝè?ùy™r& ÷βÎ)uρ ( ö/ä3Å¡àΡL{ óΟçFΨ|¡ômr& óΟçFΨ|¡ômr& ÷βÎ) ∩∉∪ #·ÏtΡ usYò2r& öΝä3≈oΨù=yèy_uρ š⎥⎫ÏΖt/uρ 5Α≡uθøΒrÎ/ u$uΖù=yèy_uρ ¢ $tΡô‰ãã öΝ›?‰ãã ÷βÎ)uρ 4 ö/ä3uΗxqötƒ βr& ö/ä3š/u‘ 4©|¤tã ∩∠∪ #·Î6÷Ks? (#öθn=tã $tΒ (#ρçÉi9tFãŠÏ9uρ ;ο§tΒ tΑ¨ρr& çνθè=yzyŠ $yϑŸ2 y‰Éfó¡yϑø9$# (#θè=äzô‰u‹Ï9uρ öΝà6yδθã_ãρ ∩∇∪ #·ÅÁym t⎦⎪ÌÏ≈s3ù=Ï9 tΛ©⎝yγy_ We gave Musa the Book, and made it a Guide to the Children of Israel, Commanding: “Do not take other than Me as Disposer of your affairs.” O you that are sprung from those whom We carried in the Ark with Nuh! Verily he was a devotee most grateful. And We gave clear warning to the Children of Israel in the Book, that twice would they do mischief on the earth and be elated with mighty arrogance and twice would they be punished! When the first of the warning came to pass, We sent against you Our servants given to terrible warfare, they entered the very inmost parts of your homes, and it was a warning completely fulfilled. Then We granted you the Return as against them, We gave you increase in resources and sons, and made you the more numerous in man-power. If you did well for yourselves, if you did evil, you did it against yourselves. So when the second of the warning came to pass, We permitted your enemies to disfigure your faces, and to enter your Temple as they had entered it before, and to visit with destruction all that fell into their power. It may be that your Lord may yet show Mercy to you, but if you revert to your sins, We shall revert to Our punishments, and We have made Hell a prison for those who reject full Faith. (Quran: 17/2-8) Prophet Aramaya (AS) was sent to the children of Israel when that nation had forgottenabout the messages of Allah and its people were deliberately ignoring the righteous path. TheTaurat was being adulterated and changed to suit the needs of those few who were in power overthe nation. Innocent prophets were being killed or driven away. Allah (SWT) was about tounleash His Wrath over Jerusalem and the children of Israel. Prophet Aramaya (AS) was in theaudience with the King of Jerusalem. It was revealed upon him by Allah (SWT) “I am going todestroy Jerusalem and all the children of Israel who live therein. You go to the Dome of theRock and await My Commands and further Revelations.” Prophet Aramaya (AS) fell in prostration and pleaded, “O Lord! I wish that my motherhad not borne me. Are you making me the last prophet of Israel? Will Jerusalem be destroyedduring my time?” Allah (SWT) Ordered, “Raise your head.” Prophet Aramaya (AS), who had been weeping, raised his head and asked, “O my Lord,whom will You set against them?” Allah (SWT) Revealed, “The worshippers of fire who do not fear my punishments norexpect any rewards. Stand up, Aramaya, and hear the news about Israel. Before I chose you, Ihad made, favored, and honored you. Tell the king and guide and protect him. Go and tell all ofthem what I have told you.” Prophet Aramaya (AS) said, “O Allah! I am weak and will remain weak if You do notstrengthen me.”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 152 Allah (SWT) Revealed, “Are you not aware that I control all the affairs? I am Allahwithout any semblance or anyone like Me! I spoke to the oceans, like I am talking with you.Nothing shall harm you. Go to your people and tell them: Allah is watching over you, and Heremembers your forefathers who performed good deeds during their lives. Remind them thateven the animals remember their countries and return to them. But those people of yours are alldrenched in destruction and damnation for they have forgotten the purpose of my generosity totheir forefathers, and now they have misplaced My favors upon them. Their scholars and priestshave gone astray and are worshipping another god besides Me. As for their kings and theirprinces, they have been lavished with My bounty and think that they are safe from My fate. Theyabandon My Book and kill My prophets! Is it possible for Me to have a partner? Is it possible forMe to make a creature to be worshipped and to be obeyed besides Me? As for their reciters andjurists, they teach and learn what they like. As for the children of the prophets, they areoppressed and seduced and go with the crowd. They want positions of their fathers without thediscipline, patience, piety and kindness of their fathers.” “By my powers, I swear that I shall send woe upon them that no wise man canunderstand. I shall replace their luxury with ordeal, chains, and fetters and after dwelling inpalaces, they will dwell in dust. I will disgrace and degrade their womenfolk. I create mycreatures and slaves with mercy and bounty. If they accept and recognize it, I complete Myfavors and mercy. When I change My mind, I change My mind, and if I change I am angry, andif I am angry, I punish, and nothing prospers with My anger!” Prophet Aramaya (AS) prayed, “By Your Grace, I have come to learn from You. ByYour mercy, You have spared me to this day. None fears this punishment more than I do,because I have been among them while they disobeyed You, yet I did not change with them. IfYou punish me I deserve it, and if You spare me, I expect it of Your kindness. O Lord! You areOverlord! Are You going to destroy their country when it is the place of Your prophets, the placeof Your revelations? O Lord, the Exalted and Blessed, is Your Name! Please do not destroy thisplace of worship and all pertaining to it and those houses which lauded Your praise! O Lord,please do not kill these people and punish them, as they are the issue of Ibrahim, Your Faithfulfriend and Dawud, Your Chosen one! O Lord, which village can escape Your vengeance; for,after all, they are the children of Your faithful friend Ibrahim (AS)?” Allah (SWT) said, “He who disobeys Me will not detest My punishment. I had honoredthem because they obeyed Me. If they disobeyed Me, I will place them among the disobedient,until I rescue them out of My Mercy.” Prophet Aramaya (AS) said, “O Lord! You made friends with Ibrahim and for his sakeYou preserved us, and Musa You did save, and he asked You to save us and not abandon us, northrow us to the enemy.” Allah (SWT) Revealed, “O Aramaya! I made you honored in your mother’s womb andhave chosen you to this day. If your people had protected the orphans, the widows, the helpless,and the stranded, I would have been their Sustainer. They would have been like a blissful gardento Me; but I complain of the children of Israel to you. I have been the kind shepherd to them, butI honor only those who honor Me and despise those who despise My commands. Those beforethem feared Me, but these people of yours have displayed their disobedience of Me in thetemples, in the market places, on the hills and the mountain tops, and under the shade of treesuntil the heavens wondered at them, before Me, and the earth and mountains, including the
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 153beasts thereon, wondered and wailed. All that had no effect on them, nor was the Book useful tothem.” Prophet Aramaya (AS) gathered his people and delivered the message of Allah (SWT) tothem. When the people heard the threats and the warnings of Allah (SWT), they said, “You lie ifyou say that Allah will destroy this land, His temple, His Book, His worship.” Theyoverpowered Prophet Aramaya (AS) and imprisoned him. King Bukhtanasar, leading his powerful army, entered Jerusalem and surrounded the city.After a short siege, the Israelites surrendered and opened the city gates for the invading army ofKing Bukhtanasar. King Bukhtanasar imposed a savage and cruel rule over the Israelites. One-third of theIsraelites were killed immediately, while the others were taken captive as slaves. Only the lameand the old people of the nation were spared. The king used his horses to trample over theIsraelis and demolished their houses. The youth were enslaved and their women placed in themarkets as commodities. He destroyed their castles and temples. He burnt the Taurat. Hecaptured their princes and princesses along with their wealth and enslaved them. All the priestswere also enslaved. After King Bukhtanasar had destroyed Jerusalem, he learned that for quite some time aprophet of the Israelites had been warning them about this ill-fated destruction of Jerusalem. TheIsraelis had imprisoned this prophet who had committed no crime. This innocent prophet wasnow languishing in jail. The king ordered that the prophet be brought to him. When ProphetAramaya (AS) was brought before the king, King Bukhtanasar asked him, “Did you warn theIsraelites about what has now happened to them?” Prophet Aramaya (AS) replied, “I did warn them. Allah (SWT) sent me to them and theyaccused me of lying. They imprisoned me and tortured me.” King Bukhtanasar exclaimed, “What a wicked race who deny their prophet and theirLord’s message! Will you accept the honor of joining me in service and advise me about theaffairs of your nation?” Prophet Aramaya (AS) replied, “I live in the security of Allah (SWT)”. King Bukhtanasar released Prophet Aramaya (AS) to live wherever it suited him withoutany fear of being molested by anyone. Prophet Aramaya (AS) resumed his work of preaching tothe Israelites, whoever was left among them, and reminded them, “Shame on us! We havedisobeyed Allah. We must repent to Allah (SWT), the Great and the Majestic, for what we havedone, and I shall also pray to Allah (SWT) to accept our repentance.” When Prophet Aramaya (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT), he was informed that Allah (SWT)would not Accept the Israelites’ prayers as there was no sincerity in their prayers. If the Israeliteswere sincere, they must stay with Prophet Aramaya (AS) wherever he lived. When the Israeliteswere told about this revelation from Allah (SWT), the Israelites refused. They said, “How can westay in this town, which has been devastated and Allah’s anger is over it.” The Israelites dispersed and spread in other countries near and afar. They went to Hijaz,Taif, Medina, Egypt, and Morocco. King Bukhtanasar wrote to the King of Egypt to return the Israelites back to him. TheKing of Egypt refused. King Bukhtanasar mounted his army and invaded the countries of Egyptand Morocco. He defeated their armies, captured the Children of Israel, and brought them backto his kingdom, in chains.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 154 Allah (SWT) Instructed Prophet Aramaya (AS) to return to Jerusalem, as He wanted itrebuilt. When Prophet Aramaya (AS) arrived in Jerusalem, he found it destroyed. There wasnothing intact. Prophet Aramaya (AS) prayed and spoke to himself, “Exalted is Allah (SWT)!Allah (SWT) told me to come to this city and that He was reconstructing it. When will Allah(SWT) rebuild it? And when will He bring it back to life.” He tied his donkey near him and slept. Prophet Aramaya (AS) slept for a hundred years, during which time the rule of KingBukhtanasar was succeeded by King Laharasab. King Laharasab had ruled for about one hundredand twenty years. King Laharasab’s son, King Bashtaasib succeeded to the throne. KingBashtaasib is also known as King Cyrus of Persia in the Holy Bible. It was King Bashtaasib whohad allowed and encouraged the children of Israel to return to their homelands to rebuildJerusalem and its temples. When Prophet Aramaya (AS) awoke from his sleep, he thought he had been asleep forjust a couple of hours! However, when he saw the changes around him, he realized andappreciated the magnitude of Allah (SWT), the Creator and the Designer.öΝŸ2 Α$s% ( …çμVyèt/ §ΝèO 5Θ$tã π($ÏΒ ª!$# çμ?$tΒrsù ( $yγÏ?öθtΒ y‰÷è/ ª!$# ÍνÉ‹≈yδ ⎯Ç‘ósム4’¯Τr& tΑ$s% $yγÏ©ρáãã 4’n?tã îπtƒÍρ%s{ }‘Éδuρ 7πtƒös% 4’n?tã §tΒ “É‹©9$%x. ÷ρr& t s s s s tš‚Í‘$yϑÏm 4’n<Î) öÝàΡ$#uρ ( ÷μ¨Ζ|¡tFtƒ öΝs9 šÎ/#uŸ°uρ šÏΒ$yèÛ 4’n<Î) öÝàΡ$$sù 5Θ$tã sπs($ÏΒ |M÷VÎ7©9 ≅t/ tΑ$s% ( 5Θöθtƒ uÙ÷èt/ ÷ρr& $·Βöθtƒ àM÷VÎ7s9 tΑ$s% ( |M÷VÎ7s9 sÈe≅à2 4’n?ã ©!$# ¨βr& ãΝn=ôã& Α$s% …çμ9 š⎥¨⎫t7s? $£ϑn=sù 4 $Vϑóss9 $yδθÝ¡õ3tΡ §ΝèO $yδã”ų⊥çΡ y#ø‹Ÿ2 ÏΘ$sàÏèø9$# †n<Î) öÝàΡ$#uρ ( ÂZ$¨Ψ=Ïj9 Zπtƒ#u™ šn=yèôfuΖÏ9uρ t r t s ∩⊄∈®∪ ÖƒÏ‰s% &™ó©x« Or take the similitude of one who passed by a hamlet, all in ruins to is roofs. He said, “Oh! How shall Allah bring it ever to life, after this type of death?” But Allah caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him up again. He said, “How long did you tarry thus?” He said, “Perhaps a day or part of a day!” He said, “Nay, you have tarried thus a hundred years, but look at your food and your drink, they show no sign of age, and look at your donkey, and that We may make of you a Sign for the people, look further at the bones, how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh.” When this was shown clearly to him, he said, “I know that Allah has power over all things.” (Quran: 2/259)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 155PROPHET ZIKARIAH (ZECHARIAH) (AS) ANDPROPHET YAHYAH (JOHN) AS. Prophet Zikariah (AS) was a hard-working and a pious Prophet, who was raised amongthe children of Israel. He practiced carpentry, but he was not a rich person even though he was adescendant of Prophet Suleiman (AS). However, he had a liberal heart and would never hesitateto help anyone in need. His sermons and preaching showed the righteous way to Allah (SWT).He knew that his people always needed consistent reminders of monotheistic worships. Prophet Zikariah (AS) had no children; both he and his wife had become old and feeble.His wife was a descendant of Prophet Haroun (AS), the elder brother of Prophet Musa (AS).Prophet Zikariah (AS) feared that his people would go astray after he passed away unless if therewas no strong leader to guide them. One of his best pupils was Maryam, daughter of Imran.Maryam had secluded herself from her community and was spending most of her timeworshiping Allah (SWT). Prophet Zikariah (AS) always encouraged her towards worships and would often visitMaryam to see if she needed any help or guidance from him. During one of his visits to Maryam,Prophet Zikariah (AS) observed a very strange fruit, which he had never seen before. Heinquired about it. Maryam told him that Allah (SWT) provided her with this type of fruit eachday. She had enjoyed eating it and was ever thankful to Allah (SWT) for His bounties. Maryamrecited that Allah (SWT) provides without measure for whom He wills. Prophet Zikariah (AS) was extremely pleased with the devotion of Maryam towardsAllah (SWT). He was pleasantly surprised that Maryam had drawn his attention towards an issuethat had never occurred to him until then. He and his wife needed a child, yet they had neverasked Allah (SWT) for that blessing. It was not an impossible task for Allah (SWT).â¨ù&§9$# Ÿ≅yèGô©$#uρ ©Íh_ÏΒ ãΝôàèø9$# z⎯δρ ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>‘ tΑ$s% ∩⊂∪ $wŠÏyz ¹™!#y‰ÏΡ …çμ−/u‘ 2”yŠ$tΡ øŒÎ) ∩⊄∪ !$−ƒÌŸ2y— …çνy‰ö7tã y7În/u‘ ÏMuΗ÷qu‘ ãø.ÏŒ ∩⊇∪ üÈÿè‹γ!2 t y y u u©Í_èOÌtƒ ∩∈∪ $wŠÏ9uρ šΡà$©! ⎯ÏΒ ’Í< ó=yγsù #Ï%%tæ ’ÎA&tøΒ$# ÏMtΡ$Ÿ2uρ “Ï™!#u‘uρ ⎯ÏΒ u’Í<≡uθyϑø9$# àMøÅz ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ ∩⊆∪ $wŠÉ)x© Éb>u‘ šÍ←!%tæ߉Î/ .⎯à2r& öΝs9uρ $Y6øŠx© r4’¯Τr& Éb>‘ Α$s% ∩∠∪ $wŠÏϑ™ ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ …ã&©! ≅yèøgwΥ öΝs9 4©zøt† …çμßϑó™$# AΟ≈n=äóÎ/ x8çÅe³u;çΡ $¯ΡÎ) !$−ƒÌŸ2t“≈tƒ ∩∉∪ $|‹ÅÊu‘ Éb>u‘ ã&ù#yèô_$#uρ ( z>θà)÷ètƒ ÉΑ#u™ ô⎯ÏΒ ß^Ìtƒuρ u t y s⎯ÏΒ šçGø)n=yz ô‰%uρ ×⎦Îi⎫yδ ¥’n?tã θèδ š•/u‘ tΑ$s% šÏ9≡x‹. tΑ$s% ∩∇∪ $|‹ÏFÏã Îy9Å6ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ àMøón=t/ ô‰s%uρ #Ï%%tæ ’ÎAr&tøΒ$# ÏMtΡ$Ÿ2uρ ÖΝ≈n=äî ’Í< Üχθä3tƒ s u xÉ>#tósÏϑø9$# ⎯ÏΒ ⎯ÏμÏΒöθ% 4’n?tã yltsƒm ∩⊇⊃∪ $wƒÈθy™ 5Α$uŠs9 y]≈n=rO šZ$¨Ψ9$# zΝÏk=s3è? ωr& y7çGtƒ#u™ tΑ$s% 4 Zπtƒ#u™ þ’Ík< ≅yèô_$# Éb>u‘ tΑ$s% ∩®∪ $↔ø‹x© Ûs? óΟ9uρ ã≅ö6s% z s s$wŠÉ)s? šχ%x.ρ ( Zο4θ.y—ρ $¯Ρà$©! ⎯ÏiΒ $ZΡ$oΨymuρ ∩⊇⊄∪ $wŠÎ6|¹ zΝõ3çtø:$# çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™uρ ( ;ο§θà)Î/ |=≈tFÅ6ø9$# É‹è{ 4©zósu‹≈tƒ ∩⊇⊇∪ $|‹Ï±tãuρ Zοtõ3ç/ (#θßsÎm7y™ βr& öΝÍκös9Î) #©yr÷ρrsù u x u ∩⊇∈∪ $wŠym ß]yèö7ムtΠöθtƒuρ ßNθßϑtƒ tΠöθtƒuρ t$Î!ãρ tΠöθtƒ Ïμø‹n=tã íΝ≈n=™uρ ∩⊇⊆∪ $|‹ÅÁtã #·‘$¬6y_ ⎯ä3tƒ óΟs9uρ Ïμ÷ƒy‰Ï9≡uθÎ/ #Ct/uρ ∩⊇⊂∪ y Kaf. Ha.Ya. ‘Ain. Saad. This is a recital of the Mercy of your Lord to His servant Zikariah. Behold! He cried to his Lord in secret, praying: “O my Lord! Infirm indeed are my bones, and the hair of my head glistens with grey, but never am I unblessed, O my Lord in my prayer to You! Now I fear what my relatives and colleagues will do after me, but my wife is barren; so give me an heir as from Yourself. One that will truly represent me and represent the posterity of Yaqoob, and make him, O my Lord! One with whom You are well-pleased.” His prayer was answered, “O Zikariah! We give you good news of a son, his name shall be Yahyah, on none by that name We have conferred distinction before.” He said, “O my Lord! How shall I have a son, when my wife is barren and I have grown quite decrepit from old age?” He said, “So it will be, your Lord says, That is easy for Me, I indeed created you before, when you had been nothing!” Zikariah said, “O my Lord! Give me a Sign.” “Your Sign,” was the answer “shall be
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 156 that you shall speak to no man for three nights, although you are not dumb.” So Zikariah came out to his people from his chamber, he told them by signs to celebrate Allah’s praises in the morning and in the evening. To his son came the command, “O Yahyah! Take hold of the Book with might.” And We gave him Wisdom even as youth. And pity for all creatures as from Us, and purity, he was devout. And kind to his parents, and he was not overbearing or rebellious. So Peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised up to life again! (Quran: 19/1-15) Prophet Zikariah (AS) and his wife prayed hard to Allah (SWT) for a son. ProphetZikariah (AS) pleaded in his prayers that the children of Israel would always need the presenceof prophets to guide them; otherwise, they would go astray and defy the laws of Allah (SWT)and even change the Books to suit their designs. They were vulnerable and would easily fall preyto Satan. Allah (SWT) Heard the pleas of Prophet Zikariah (AS) and told him that he would havea son who would also be a prophet. When the son was born, they named him Yahyah. Prophet Yahyah (AS) turned out to be a deeply religious and a compassionate person. Hecared for helpless animals. Instead of spending his time playing games like other children hisage, Prophet Yahyah (AS) read and studied. His diet consisted of fruits or leaves of the trees. When Prophet Yahyah (AS) grew into an adult, Allah (SWT) called upon him to read theBook of Jurisprudence closely; thus, Allah (SWT) made him the wisest and the most learnedperson of the time. Allah (SWT) also endowed him with total patience. He would hear about theaffairs of the people and offer fair and sound solutions. He was an expert in interpreting religioussubmissions and guiding the people towards the righteous path. He always cautioned the peopleabout the ever-present Satan. It was the sworn duty of Satan to mislead them. As Prophet Yahyah (AS) reached the age of maturity, he became a very compassionateperson towards his parents and took extra care of his neighboring people and all the creaturesaround him. Whenever Prophet Yahyah (AS) was not actively engaged in the issues of hispeople, he would pray and worship Allah (SWT). His prayers were always supplemented withtears of devotion. Once, when his father, Prophet Zikariah (AS) was looking for him, he foundhim lying and praying in a grave that he had dug for himself! Prophet Zikariah (AS) asked his son the reason for this action. Prophet Yahyah (AS)replied, “O father! Did you not tell me that there is a very short span between Paradise and Hell?And that it cannot be crossed except by the tears shed in prayers to Allah (SWT)?” The tears that Prophet Yahyah (AS) shed while praying to Allah (SWT) left permanentmarks on his cheeks. His sermons and praises of Allah (SWT) were so touching that most of hislisteners also shed tears while they listened to him speak.$|‹ÅÁã #·‘$¬6y_ ⎯ä3ƒ óΟs9uρ Ïμ÷ƒy‰Ï9≡uθÎ/ #Ct/uρ ∩⊇⊂∪ $wŠÉ)s? šχ%x.uρ ( Zο4θx.y—uρ $¯Ρà$©! ⎯ÏiΒ $ZΡ$oΨymuρ ∩⊇⊄∪ $wŠÎ6|¹ zΝõ3çtø:$# çμ≈oΨ÷s?#u™uρ ( ;ο§θà)Î/ =≈tFÅ6ø9$# É‹è{ 4©zósu‹≈tƒ t t | ∩⊇∈∪ $wŠym ß]yèö7ムtΠöθƒuρ ßNθßϑtƒ tΠöθtƒuρ t$Î!ãρ tΠöθtƒ Ïμø‹n=tã íΝ≈n=y™uρ ∩⊇⊆∪ t “O Yahyah! Take hold of the Book firmly.” And We gave him Wisdom even as a youth. And pity for all creatures as from Us, and purity, he was devout. And kind to his parents, and he was not overbearing or rebellious. So Peace on him the day he was born, the day that he dies, and the day that he will be raised to life again! (Quran: 19/12-15) At that time, King Herod Antipas, a tyrant, was ruling Palestine. The king practiced alltypes of tyranny over his nation and decreed that his laws were superior to the commandments ofAllah (SWT). Prophet Yahyah (AS) cautioned the king against such practices. These cautionsincreased the tensions between the king and the prophet.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 157 King Herod was deeply infatuated with the exquisite beauty of his niece, Salome, whowas the teenage daughter of his brother. King Herod declared his intention of marrying hisbeautiful niece, Salome. Such a marriage would be an illicit match according to the Book.Nevertheless, Salome’s mother encouraged this tie and urged some of the educated men of Zionto support the wishes of the king. Salome also liked the proposed match; as it would give her thechance to share the supreme power of the kingdom with her uncle and her husband-to-be, theKing Herod. When Prophet Yahyah (AS) learned of the proposed marriage, he pronounced the matchincestuous; he would never approve of it as it was against the laws of the Taurat. Thispronouncement spread like wildfire among the Palestinians. Salome knew that unless she acted quickly she would lose her ambitions of everbecoming Queen of Palestine. Salome wore a beautiful dress, made herself up lavishly, andpresented herself in the presence of King Herod. There she sang and danced provocatively, andaroused the passions of her incestuous uncle. The king sprang up and tightly embraced Salome.He offered to fulfill her every desire! Salome knew that she had won her spot, but to secure it she demanded, “I would love tohave the head of Yahyah on a plate. He has defiled your honor and mine throughout our land. Ifyou grant me this wish, it will make me happy and I will offer myself to you!” Bewitched by her charm and overcome with his desire for her, the king ordered theimmediate execution of Prophet Yahyah (AS). Prophet Yahyah (AS) was beheaded, and his headwas presented to the cruel Salome! This injustice was avenged by Allah (SWT) who caused a neighboring nation to invadePalestine, destroy the kingdom, and kill both the King Herod and the Queen Salome.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 158PROPHET EISA (JESUS) (AS) The Christians claim that Prophet Eisa (AS) is the son of God! The Holy Quran clearlyand manifestly denies it. The Holy Quran reveals that such a claim is polytheistic. Polytheism isnot acceptable to Allah (SWT); hence, it is against the main foundation of Islam. Prophet Eisa (AS) is a prophet of Allah (SWT), who was endowed with the Revelationsof the Holy Bible. It is truly tragic for humanity that the original revelations in the Holy Bible areno longer available for people to read. What are available are the doctored versions that havebeen changed and rewritten as per the wishes of those who are in any position to dictate. Even atthis time, changes are being made to the existing versions!ÏMs9$s% øŒÎ) ∩⊂⊆∪ íΟŠÎ=tæ ìì‹Ïÿxœ ª!$#uρ 3 <Ù÷è/ .⎯ÏΒ $pκÝÕ÷è/ Oπ−ƒÍh‘èŒ ∩⊂⊂∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# ’n?tã tβ≡tôϑÏã tΑ#u™uρ zΟŠÏδ≡tö/Î) tΑ#u™uρ %[nθçΡuρ tΠyŠ#u™ #’s∀sÜô¹$# ©!$# ¨βÎ) * t t!$pκçJ÷è|Êρ ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>‘ ôMs9$s% $pκ÷JyèÊρ $£ϑ=ù ∩⊂∈∪ ÞΟŠÎ=yèø9$# ßìŠÉΚ¡¡9$# |MΡr& y7¨ΡÎ) ( û©Íh_ÏΒ ö≅¬7s)tGsù #Y‘§ysãΒ ©Í_ôÜt/ ’Îû $tΒ šs9 ßNö‘x‹tΡ ’ÎoΤÎ) Éb>u‘ tβ≡tôϑÏã ßNr&tøΒ$# u u | u ns$yγn=¬6s)tFsù ∩⊂∉∪ ÉΟŠÅ_§9$# Ç⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ⎯ÏΒ $yγtG−ƒÍh‘èŒuρ šÎ/ $yδä‹ŠÏãé& þ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ zΟtƒötΒ $pκçJø‹£ϑy™ ’ÎoΤÎ)uρ ( 4©sΡW{$%. ãx.©%!$# }§øŠs9uρ ôMyè|Êuρ $yϑÎ/ ÞΟn=÷ær& ª!$#uρ 4©sΡé& z x( #x‹≈yδ Å7s9 4’¯Τr& ãΛuqöyϑ≈tƒ Α$s% ( $]%ø—Í‘ $yδ‰ΖÏã ‰y`uρ z>#tósÏϑø9$# $−ƒÌx.y— $yγøŠn=tã Ÿ≅yzyŠ $yϑ¯=ä. ( $−ƒÌx.y— $yγn=¤x.uρ $YΖ|¡m $·?$t6tΡ $yγtFt7/Ρr&uρ 9⎯|¡ym @Αθç7s)Î/ $yγš/u‘ t y y y ∩⊂∠∪ A>$|¡Ïm ÎötóÎ/ â™!$t±o„ ⎯tΒ ä−ã—ötƒ ©!$# ¨βÎ) ( «!$# ωΖÏã ô⎯ÏΒ uθèδ ôMs9$s% Allah chose Adam and Nuh, the family of Ibrahim and the family of Imran above all people. Offspring, one of the other, and Allah hears and knows all things. Behold! A woman of Imran said, “O my Lord! I do dedicate to you what is in my womb for Your special service. So accept this of me, for You hear and know all things.” When she was delivered, she said, “O my Lord! Behold I am delivered of a female child!” And Allah knew best what she brought forth. “And no wise is the male like the female. I have named her Maryam, and I commend her and offspring to Your protection from the Evil One, and the Rejected.” Right graciously did her Lord accept her: He made her grow in purity and beauty, she was assigned to the care of Zikariah. Every time that he entered her chamber to see her, he found her supplied with sustenance. He said, “O Maryam! From where does this come to you?” She said, “From Allah, for Allah provides sustenance to whom He pleases, without measure.” (Quran: 3/33-37) During the lifetime of Prophet Zikariah (AS), a pious, childless couple was living inNazareth. The woman was Hannah, a niece of Prophet Zikariah (AS), who was the wife ofImran. Imran was a leader among the children of the Israelites. Hannah prayed hard to Allah(SWT) for a child of her own. She pledged that any child granted to her would be offered in theservice of Allah’s (SWT) house in Jerusalem. Hannah never lost patience or confidence thatAllah (SWT) would bless her with a child upon whom she would shower all her motherly love.Allah (SWT) Granted her request. When Hannah learned that she was pregnant, both she and herhusband, Imran, offered prayers of thanks to Allah (SWT) and distributed food among their poorneighbors. Unfortunately, Imran did not live long enough to see the birth of his long soughtchild! Hannah delivered the child, which was a female. The child was named Maryam. Hannah found it difficult to live by her promise of handing over her child in the serviceof Allah (SWT). The temple of Jerusalem did not accept females for service. Her relative,Prophet Zikariah (AS), counseled her and told her that Allah (SWT) knew what had beendelivered and it was His design! Hannah was advised to wrap the baby and hand her over to theelders in the temple. It was a female baby, yet it was the child of their favorite and belovedleader, Imran. Hence, no objections were raised. In addition, Prophet Zikariah (AS) said, “I amthe husband of her maternal aunt and her nearest relative in this temple!” and resolved the issueof her guardianship.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 159 A secluded room was built exclusively for Maryam’s residence. Prophet Zikariah (AS)visited her daily and observed that Maryam spent most of her time worshipping Allah (SWT). Asshe grew in stature, so did her devotion to Allah (SWT). This progress pleased Prophet Zikariah (AS). Once Prophet Zikariah (AS) observed astrange fruit in the secluded room of Maryam, and asked her what the fruit was and who broughtit to her. Maryam explained that every morning when she awakens, she finds some types of fruitsor other foods in her room although all the doors and windows are locked from inside. She knewthat these provisions were from Allah (SWT). He gives to whom He wills! Prophet Zikariah (AS) realized that Allah (SWT) had Designed to raise the status ofMaryam above that of other women. He increased his visitations with her and spent more timeteaching and guiding her to glorify Allah (SWT) and stay on the righteous path. Once, when Maryam was praying in her secluded room, an angel in the form of a manappeared before her. Terror and fear gripped her and she tried to flee, praying, and cautioning theintruder not to approach her as she was under the protection of Allah (SWT). The angelreassured her of her safety and told her that he was only a messenger in the service of Allah(SWT). He had come to give her glad tidings of a holy son. This news astonished her and sheasked how this could be possible when no man has ever come close to her. The angel replied thatAllah (SWT) had all the powers to design whatever He willed. All Allah (SWT) had to Say was“Be,” and what He willed became real.!$yϑ¯ΡÎ) Α$s% ∩⊇∇∪ $|‹É)s? MΖä. βÎ) y7ΖÏΒ Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$$Î/ èŒθããr& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ôM9$s% ∩⊇∠∪ $wƒÈθy™ #Z|³o0 $yγs9 Ÿ≅¨VyϑtFsù $oΨymρâ‘ $yγøŠs9Î) !$oΨù=y™ö‘rsù $/$pgÉo öΝÎγÏΡρߊ ⎯ÏΒ ôNx‹sƒªB$$sù t | sθèδ Å7š/u‘ tΑ$s% Å7Ï9≡x‹. tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊃∪ $|‹Éót/ à8r& öΝs9uρ ×|³o0 ©Í_ó¡|¡ôϑtƒ öΝ9uρ ÖΝ≈n=äî ’Í< ãβθä3tƒ 4’¯Τr& ôMs9$s% ∩⊇®∪ $|‹Å2y— $Vϑ≈n=äñ Å7s9 |=yδL{ Å7În/u‘ ãΑθß™u‘ O$tΡr&u x s ∩⊄⊇∪ $|‹ÅÒø)¨Β #øΒr& šχ%x.uρ 4 $¨ΨÏiΒ ZπuΗ÷q‘uρ Ĩ$¨Ζ=Ïj9 Zπtƒ#u™ ÿ…ã&s#yèôfuΖÏ9uρ ( ×⎦Îi⎫yδ ¥’n?tã u She placed a screen between herself and them, then We sent to her Our Angel, and he appeared, before her as a man in all respects. She said, “I seek refuge from you by Allah Most Gracious. Do not come near me if you fear Allah.” He said, “Nay, I am only a messenger from your Lord, to announce to you the gift of a holy son.” She said, “How shall I have a son, seeing that no man has touched me, and I am not unchaste?” He said, “So it will be; your Lord says, “That is easy for Me. And We wish to appoint him a Sign to men and a Mercy from Us: it is a matter so decreed.” (Quran: 19/17-21) The Angel’s visit and the Decree of Allah (SWT) caused Maryam a great anxiety. Withthe passage of time, her anxiety increased. The possibilities of abuses and accusations beingleveled and addressed to her gave her unimaginable nightmares. Sometimes she thought that theentire experience was only a nightmare which she had merely imagined! Later, when she felt the life kicking inside her, she knew that the revelations made by theangel were true. With a heavy heart, she left the temple and went back to Nazareth, the citywhere she had been born. She entered and stayed in a simple barn house to avoid any unduecontact with the public. She was tormented with the main worry as to how she should reply tothe numerous questions and slanders that people would level at her. After all, she was the childof a noble family. Her father had never been known to have any evil tendency and her motherwas never an impure woman. She knew that being alone to face the tremendous challenge wasnot a light issue. She left the barn and wandered about aimlessly. Her womb was getting biggerand heavier. She had not gone very far from the barn when the pangs of childbirth attacked her. Shewas a I person; as such had no experience of such an event and she was alone. She sat and leaned
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 160against the trunk of a dry palm tree for comfort. Then she gave birth to a son. The baby wasbeautiful, but the sorrow of having a child without a father was deep and painful. She cried, “Iwish I had been dead and vanished under the ground before this happened to me!” Immediately, she heard, “Grieve not, your Lord has placed a rivulet below. Shake thetree, ripe dates will fall for you. Eat, drink, and regain your lost energy. Be happy. What you seeis the powers of Allah Who made the dry palm tree regain life to provide food for you.” These words comforted her. Nevertheless, the newborn needed life-supporting essentialsand a roof over his head. She decided to go back towards the city, but her fears haunted her. Howwould she explain this child? An immediate miracle gave her all the confidence. Much to hersurprise, this child, born only moments ago, spoke to her, “If you meet any person, just give thesign. I am fasting for the Beneficent and will not speak to any human today.” She entered the city confidently. As she had anticipated, her entry into the city with anewborn child aroused curiosity among those who knew her. Someone scolded her: “This is aterrible sin and a terrible burden that you are carrying!” Maryam put her finger over her lips and pointed to the child. They asked her, “How can we talk to a newborn child who is still in the cradle?” Buteveryone was amazed when, clearly, the child answered, “I am Allah’s servant. Allah (SWT) hasgiven me the Book, has made me a Prophet. Has blessed me wherever I may be, and hasenjoined on me prayers and alms-giving as long as I live. Allah (SWT) has made me dutifultowards her who has borne me. Peace unto me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day Ishall be raised alive again.” Most of those people who had heard the child speak; realized that the child was a uniquephenomena and a Miracle of Allah (SWT). Still there were some among them; who thought thatthe infant’s speech was a magician’s trick! Nevertheless, Maryam was relieved at the reaction ofthe majority and accepted it to be a good omen for her to stay in Nazareth; where she would notbe unduly harassed anymore.$wŠÅ¡Ζ¨Β $‹ó¡nΣ àMΖà2ρ #x‹≈yδ Ÿ≅ö6s% ‘MÏΒ ©Í_Fø‹n=≈tƒ ôMs9$s% Ïs#÷‚¨Ζ9$# Æíõ‹É` 4’n<Î) ÞÚ$y‚yϑø9$# $yδu™!%y`rsù ∩⊄⊄∪ $|‹ÅÁs% $ZΡ%s3tΒ ⎯ÏμÎ/ ñV‹t7oKΡ$$sù çμ÷Gn=yϑyssù * u t x’Í?ä3ù ∩⊄∈∪ $wŠÏΖy_ $Y7sÛâ‘ Å7ø‹n=tæ ñÝÉ)≈|¡è@ Ï#÷‚¨Ζ9$# Æíõ‹Åg¿2 Å7ø‹s9Î) ü“Ìh“èδρ ∩⊄⊆∪ $wƒÎ  Å7GøtrB Å7š/u‘ Ÿ≅yèy_ ô‰s% ’ÎΤt“øtrB ωr& !$pκÉJøtrB ⎯ÏΒ $yγ1yŠ$oΨsù ∩⊄⊂∪ s s u | t( …ã&é#ÏϑøtrB $yγtΒöθ% ⎯ÏμÎ/ ôMs?rù ∩⊄∉∪ $|‹Å¡ΣÎ) uΘöθu‹ø9$# zΝÏk=Ÿ2é& ô⎯n=sù $YΒöθ|¹ Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§=Ï9 ßNö‘x‹tΡ ’ÎoΤÎ) þ’Í<θà)sù #Y‰tnr& Î|³;ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ¨⎦É⎪ts? $¨ΒÎ*sù ( $YΖøŠtã “Ìhs%uρ ’Î1uõ°$#uρ s s u#ø‹x. (#θä9$s% ( Ïμø‹s9Î) ôNu‘$x©sù ∩⊄∇∪ $|‹Éó/ Å7•Βé& ôMΡ%x. $tΒuρ &™öθy™ r&tøΒ$# Ï8θç/r& tβ%x. $tΒ tβρã≈yδ |M÷zé¯≈tƒ ∩⊄∠∪ $wƒÌsù $↔ø‹x© ÏM÷∞Å_ ô‰s)s9 ÞΟtƒöyϑ≈tƒ (#θä9$s%y r t t©Í_≈|¹÷ρr&uρ àMΖà2 $tΒ ⎦ø⎪r& %º.‘$t7ãΒ ©Í_n=yèy_ρ ∩⊂⊃∪ $wŠÎ;tΡ ©Í_n=èy_uρ |=≈tGÅ3ø9$# z©Í_9s?#u™ «!$# ߉ö7tã ’ÎoΤÎ) tΑ$s% ∩⊄®∪ $wŠÎ6|¹ ωôγyϑø9$# ’Îû šχ%x. ⎯tΒ ãΝÏk=s3çΡ t u u yß]yèö/é& tΠöθƒuρ ÝVθãΒ& tΠöθtƒuρ ‘N$Î!ãρ tΠθƒ ¥’n?tã ãΝ≈n=¡¡9$#ρ ∩⊂⊄∪ $|‹É)x© #Y‘$¬7y_ ©Í_ù=yèøgs† öΝs9uρ ’ÎA$Î!≡uθÎ/ #Ct/uρ ∩⊂⊇∪ $|‹ym àMøΒߊ $tΒ Íο4θŸ2¨“9$#uρ Íο4θn=¢Á9$$Î/ t r ö t u t$yϑ¯ΡÎ*sù #øΒ& #©|Ó% #sŒÎ) 4 ÿ…çμΨ≈ysö7ß™ ( 7$s!uρ ⎯ÏΒ x‹Ï‚−Gƒ βr& ¬! tβ%x. $tΒ ∩⊂⊆∪ tβρçtIôϑtƒ ÏμŠÏù “Ï%©!$# Èd,ysø9$# š^öθs% 4 zΝtƒötΒ ß⎦ø⌠$# ©|¤ŠÏã y7Ï9≡sŒ ∩⊂⊂∪ $|‹ym r s o t ∩⊂∈∪ ãβθä3u‹sù ⎯ä. …çμs9 ãΑθà)tƒ So she conceived him, and she retired with him to a remote place. And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of palm tree. She cried in her anguish, “Ah! Would that I had died before this! Would that I had been a thing forgotten and out of sight!” However, a voice cried to her from beneath the palm tree, “Do not grieve! For your Lord has provided a rivulet beneath you, and shake towards yourself the trunk of the palm tree, it will let fall fresh ripe dates upon you. So eat, drink, and cool your eye. And if you see any man, say I have vowed a
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 161 fast to Allah, Most Gracious, and this day I will not enter into any talk with any human being.” At length she brought the baby to her people, carrying him in her arms. They said, “O Maryam! Truly, an amazing thing you have brought! O sister of Haroun! Your father was not a man of evil or your mother an unchaste woman!” But she pointed to the baby. They said, “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?” The child said, “I am indeed a servant of Allah. He has given me Revelation and made a prophet; and He has made me blessed where so ever I be, and has enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live, He has made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable; So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life again.!” Such was Eisa the son of Maryam. It is a statement of truth, about which they vainly dispute. It is not befitting to the majesty of Allah that He should beget a son. Glory is to Him! When He determines a matter, He only says to it, “Be” and it is. (Quran: 19/22-35) Joseph the carpenter was greatly surprised when he learned about the story of Maryam.He asked Maryam, “Can a tree come to grow without a seed?” Maryam replied, “Yes, the one that Allah created for the first time!” Joseph asked another question: “Is it possible to bear a child without a male partner?” Maryam replied, “Yes, Allah created Adam (AS) without a male or a female!” The news of the miracle of a newborn child, Eisa, talking and claiming the prophet hoodupset the Jewish priests. The priests felt that a new prophet in the nation of the Israelites wouldcreate a division among their people. Naturally, if the prophet performed any new miracles, theirnationals would again accept and practice the Islamic monotheism, which would displace theexisting Jewish tenets. The Jewish priests’ supremacy and enforced authority over their peoplewould dissolve, leaving them high and dry. They decided to suppress the news of the miracle ofEisa’s speaking from the cradle. This news should not be permitted to reach the masses of theirnation. Instead, a vigorous campaign should be launched to defame Maryam and openly accuseher for a great moral misdeed: having a child out of wedlock! As Prophet Eisa (AS) progressed in his age, his reputation as a person of wisdom andsuperior knowledge also increased. Once, at the tender age of twelve, he joined a crowd listeningto rabbis. All the audience was made up of adults; he was the only child. Prophet Eisa (AS)raised questions about some religious issues, which the rabbis could not answer or were unableto answer due to their limited knowledge. This was an embarrassment for the rabbis! They told him to remain silent and listen.Nevertheless, Prophet Eisa (AS) continued to question the rabbis, and sometimes would offer hisinterpretation by supplementing the information. The attending crowd was enjoying theseexchanges and was truly amazed at the logical information that came out of the mouth of thisvery young person. To the crowd, Prophet Eisa (AS) appeared to be a youthful fountain ofknowledge! In the past, Prophet Musa (AS) had commanded that the Sabbath, Saturday, the seventhday of the week, to be treated as a day of rest from work or business. What Prophet Musa (AS)had meant was that the Sabbath be dedicated to offer the extra prayers to worship Allah (SWT).However, the intended purpose of Sabbath was ignored; and instead new do’s and don’ts wereintroduced, which made a mockery of the original intention. The guardians of the law, thePharisees, circumvented their own rules of Sabbath in exchange for a personal incentive offeredto them as a bribe. Included among their rules of the Sabbath were the following: • It was prohibited to call a doctor to treat a very sick person even though the life of the patient was in jeopardy! • It was prohibited to travel more than a thousand yards!
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 162 • It was prohibited to light fires even if it was necessary to keep one warm during a chilly spell. It was on the blessed nights of Sabbath that the cruel and tyrannous authorities of thenations of Israel martyred two noble and prominent prophets; Prophets Zikariah (AS) andYahyah (AS). It was also on the Sabbath when Prophet Eisa (AS) was commanded by Allah(SWT) to begin the call of righteousness on the children of Israel. Prophet Eisa (AS) strongly resented the strong-arm tactics used by the Pharisees andSadducees over the poor and helpless people of the nations of Israelites. Although thesePharisees and Sadducees never agreed on many issues among themselves, they were always incomplete agreement with each other on the matters of adding monetary interest. They woulduniformly levy heavy interest rates on the money that they lent to the poor people of their nation.Such practices were also encouraged by their rabbis and priests. All the rabbis and the priests claimed that they were intercessors and mediators on behalfof Allah (SWT) and demanded offerings and gifts for themselves. In exchange for theseofferings, they would arrange with Allah (SWT) to fulfill the prayers of their subjects. Anotherissue that bothered Prophet Eisa (AS) was that the priests would spoil and destroy a lot of thefood that had come to the temples; instead of distributing the leftover abundant food among thepoor people; who were always hungry most of the time and truly deserved such charities. Prophet Eisa (AS) declared that the Mosaic Laws revealed through Prophet Musa (AS)should be revived and reinforced for the benefit of all the nations of Israel. He openly denouncedthe malpractices of the Pharisees and the Sadducees. Prophet Eisa (AS) clarified that there couldnever be any mediators between the Creator and His creatures. Everyone had direct access toAllah (SWT) who Listens and Gives without bounds. These messages were well received among the poor masses, but were strongly opposedby those, whose major interests were to dominate and subjugate the helpless. The rabbis and thepriests called upon their people to pay no attention to the sermons of Prophet Eisa (AS) as he wastrying to change the Taurat that was revealed to Prophet Musa (AS). Prophet Eisa (AS) declaredand vehemently clarified that he did not come to abrogate the Taurat, but that his mission was tocomplete it by going to the spirit of its substance and arrive at its essence. Prophet Eisa (AS) clarified that the Ten Commandments meant more than what wasbeing interpreted by the rabbis. Moreover, there were many ways the Ten Commandments werebeing misused by those who were powerful and the leaders of their tribes. • The properties of the orphans were being diluted with high interest rates. • False testimonies were being offered. • Prayers had been replaced with worships not sanctioned by Allah (SWT). • The worst form of illegal sexuality was the exhibition of the nakedness and hungry looks of passion. • The people were involved in hoarding the wealth for living in their worldly life rather than to prepare and send something for their eternal abode in the Hereafter. • The life of this earth was temporary, while the life of the Hereafter was everlasting. • Allah (SWT) was the Forgiver and the Merciful. Humans should be more compassionate to each other as well. The sermons and the teachings of Prophet Eisa (AS) were being widely received andrespected by the masses. The priests were annoyed that their own people were ignoring them.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 163These priests launched multiple campaigns to slander and embarrass Prophet Eisa (AS) and hismission. One of the accusations they leveled against Prophet Eisa (AS) was that he was destroyingthe Mosaic Law. To support and prove this accusation, the priests brought a Jewish woman toProphet Eisa (AS) and told him that the woman was a confessed adulteress. According to theMosaic Law, she deserved to be stoned to death! The priests asked Prophet Eisa (AS) if he wasin agreement with the sentence of stoning her to death. Prophet Eisa (AS) looked at the womanand replied, “Yes!” The priests had not expected this affirmation. They had anticipated that Prophet Eisa(AS) would rule against the death and replace it with a milder sentence as a mercy andcompassion; which had been his preaching to his followers. On the other hand, Prophet Eisa(AS) was also well aware that the priests were trying to trap and publicly disgrace him for whatthey thought would be the violation the Mosaic Law. There was a large crowd of onlookers whowere anxiously listening to these exchanges. Prophet Eisa (AS) told the priests, “She deserves to be stoned to death for her adulteryand is so sentenced. Make sure that only those among you who are sinless caste the stones!” The priests and those people who had assembled knew that not a single person amongthem could be sure that he was sinless! The woman was released. She bent down in front ofProphet Eisa (AS), who prayed for her: “O Lord, forgive her sins.” Prophet Eisa (AS) performed some miracles, by the Mercy of Allah (SWT), which had: • Brought some people back to life after their death! • Cured some lepers! • Provided sight to some of those; who were born blind! These miracles were a gift from Allah (SWT) to assist this prophet in his mission amongthose who had set up their own laws of worship and prayers. The priests, although having seenthe miracle of resurrection, tried to defame Prophet Eisa (AS) by saying that only the people whohad died recently were resurrected; maybe they were not dead at all! Their challenge to ProphetEisa (AS) was to bring back Sam, the son of Prophet Nuh (AS). Prophet Eisa (AS) asked these challengers to take him to Sam’s grave. A large number ofthe people of the city also gathered at the gravesite. Prophet Eisa (AS) prayed to Allah (SWT) fordivine help in resurrecting Sam. The grave split open and Sam, the son of Prophet Nuh (AS),walked out. Sam was gray-haired! Prophet Eisa (AS) asked Sam, “How did you get gray hair, asthere was no aging in your time?” Sam replied, “O Spirit of Allah! I thought that the Day ofJudgment had resurrected me. The fear of that Day caused my hair to turn gray.”Νà69 ß,è=÷z& þ’ÎoΤr& ( öΝà6În/§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ 7πƒ$t↔Î/ Νä3çGø⁄Å_ ô‰% ’ÎoΤr& Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ 4’n<Î) »ωθß™u‘uρ ∩⊆∇∪ Ÿ≅‹ÅgΥM}$#uρ sπ1u‘öθ−G9$#uρ sπyϑò6Ïtø:$#uρ |=≈tGÅ3ø9$# çμßϑÏk=yèãƒuρ s r t s$yϑÎ/ Νä3ã⁄Îm;tΡé&uρ ( «!$# ÈβøŒÎ*Î/ 4’tAöθuΚø9$# Ä©óré&uρ š⇑tö/F{$#uρ tμyϑò2F{$# Û˜Ìö/é&uρ ( «!$# ÈβøŒÎ*Î/ #MösÛ ãβθä3u‹sù Ïμ‹Ïù ã‡àΡrù Îö©Ü9$# Ïπt↔øŠyγx. È⎦⎫ÏeÜ9$# š∅ÏiΒ s¨≅ÏmT{uρ Ïπ1u‘öθ−G9$# š∅ÏΒ £“‰ƒ š⎥÷⎫t/ $yϑÏj9 $]%Ïd‰ÁãΒuρ ∩⊆®∪ š⎥⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΟçFΖä. βÎ) öΝä3©9 ZπtƒUψ y7Ï9≡sŒ ’Îû ¨βÎ) 4 öΝà6Ï?θã‹ç/ ’Îû tβρãÅz£‰s? $tΒuρ tβθè=ä.ùs? y t |ÔÞ≡uÅÀ #x‹≈yδ 3 çνρ߉ç6ôã$$sù öΝà6š/u‘uρ †În1u‘ ©!$# ¨βÎ) ∩∈⊃∪ Èβθãè‹ÏÛr&uρ ©!$# (#θà)¨?$$sù öΝà6În/§‘ ⎯ÏiΒ 7πtƒ$t↔Î/ /ä3çGø⁄Å_uρ 4 öΝà6ø‹n=tæ tΠÌhãm “Ï%©!$# uÙ÷èt/ Νà6s9ô‰γô©$#uρ «!$$Î/ $¨ΨtΒ#u™ «!$# â‘$|ÁΡr& ß⎯øtwΥ šχθ•ƒÍ‘#uθysø9$# š^$s% ( «!$# ’n<Î) ü“Í‘$|ÁΡr& ô⎯tΒ tΑ$s% tøä3ø9$# ãΝåκ÷]ÏΒ 4†|¤ŠÏã ¡§mr& !$£ϑn=sù * ∩∈⊇∪ ÒΟŠÉ)tGó¡•Β y y
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 164çöyz ª!$#uρ ( ª!$# tx6Βuρ (#ρãx6Βρ ∩∈⊂∪ š⎥⎪ωÎγ≈¤±9$# yìtΒ $oΨö;çFò2$$sù tΑθß™§9$# $oΨ÷èt7¨?$#uρ |Mø9t“Ρr& !$yϑÎ/ $¨ΨtΒ#u™ !$oΨ−/u‘ ∩∈⊄∪ šχθßϑÎ=ó¡ãΒ $¯ΡrÎ/ t t u ∩∈⊆∪ t⎦⎪ÌÅ3≈yϑø9$# And Allah will teach him the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel. And appoint him a Messenger to the Children of Israel with this message, “I have come to you, with a Sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s leave: and I heal those born blind, and lepers, and I quicken the dead, by Allah’s leave; and I declare to you what you eat, and what you store in your house. Surely therein is a Sign for you if you did believe; I have come to you, to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was before forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear Allah, and obey me. It is Allah Who is my Lord and your Lord; then worship Him. This is a way that is straight.” When Eisa found unbelief on their part, he said: “Who will be my helpers in the work of Allah? Said the Disciples: “We are Allah’s helpers: we believe in Allah; and you bear witness that we are Muslims. Our Lord! We believe in what You have revealed, and we follow the Messenger: then write us down among those who bear witness.” And the unbelievers plotted and planned and Allah too planned, and the best of planners is Allah. (Quran: 3/48-54)øŒÎ)ρ ( WξôγŸ2ρ ωôγyϑø9$# ’Îû }¨$¨Ψ9$# ÞΟÏk=s3è? Ĩ߉à)ø9$# ÇyρãÎ/ š›?‰−ƒr& øŒÎ) y7Ï?t$Î!≡uρ 4’n?ãuρ y7ø‹n=ã ©ÉLyϑ÷èÏΡ öà2øŒ$# zΝtƒótΒ t⎦ø⌠$# ©|¤ŠÏè≈tƒ ª!$# tΑ$s% øŒÎ) u u t tä—Îö9è?uρ ( ’ÎΤøŒÎ*Î/ #MösÛ ãβθä3Fsù $pκÏù ã‡àΖtFsù ’ÎΤøŒÎ*Î/ Îö©Ü9$# Ïπt↔øŠyγx. È⎦⎫ÏeÜ9$# z⎯ÏΒ ß,è=øƒB øŒÎ)uρ ( Ÿ≅‹ÅgΥM}$#uρ sπ1u‘öθ−G9$#uρ sπyϑõ3Ïtø:$#uρ |=≈tFÅ6ø9$# šçFôϑ¯=tæ t r(#ρãxx. ⎦⎪Ï%©!$# Α$s)sù ÏM≈uΖÉi7ø9$$Î/ ΟßγtGø⁄Å_ øŒÎ) šΖtã Ÿ≅ƒÏ™ℜuó Î) û©Í_t/ àMøxŸ2 øŒÎ)uρ ( ’ÎΤøŒÎ*Î/ 4’tAöθyϑø9$# ßlÌøƒéB øŒÎ)uρ ( ’ÎΤøŒÎ*Î/ š⇑tö/F{$#uρ tμyϑò2F{$# t t t ∩⊇⊇ ∪ tβθßϑÎ=ó¡ãΒ $oΨ¯ΡÎ/ ô‰pκô−$#uρ $¨ΨtΒ#u™ (#þθä9$s% ’Í<θß™tÎ/uρ †Î1 (#θãΨÏΒ#u™ ÷βr& z⎯↵ÎiƒÍ‘#uθysø9$# ’n<Î) àMø‹ym÷ρr& øŒÎ)uρ ∩⊇⊇⊃∪ Ñ⎥⎫Î7•Β ÖósÅ™ ωÎ) !#x‹≈yδ ÷βÎ) öΝåκ÷]ÏΒ r Then will Allah say, ”O Eisa the son of Maryam! Recount My favor to you and to your mother. Behold! I strengthened you with the holy spirit, so that you spoke to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught you the Book and Wisdom, the Law and the Gospel. And behold! You made out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My leave, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! You brought forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from violence to you when you showed them the Clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said; This is nothing but magic. And Behold! I inspired the Disciples to have faith in Me and Mine Messenger: they said, “We have faith, and you bear witness that we bow to Allah as Muslims.” (Quran: 5/110-115) Prophet Eisa (AS) instructed his disciples to fast for thirty days. The disciples complied,and at the end of the fasting period of thirty days, the disciples asked him to bring the food fromHeaven to break their fast. Prophet Eisa (AS) knew that his disciples had some doubts about thepowers of Allah (SWT). He prayed for food from Heaven. People of the area observed that afully covered table sandwiched between two clouds was coming downwards. Prophet Eisa (AS)immediately raised his hands in a prayer towards the heavens and said, “O Lord! Make it amercy and not a cause of distress.” The fully covered table landed on the hands of Prophet Eisa(AS). Prophet Eisa (AS) and his disciples prostrated and offered prayers of thanks to Allah(SWT). Prophet Eisa (AS) said, “The one who is most devout and most righteous may uncoverthe table that we might eat to thank Allah (SWT) for it.” The disciples said, “O Spirit of Allah! You are the most deserving.” Prophet Eisa (As)uncovered the table and there was all types of heavenly food including roasted fish. One of thedisciples said, “O Spirit of Allah is this food the food of this world or of Paradise?”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 165 Prophet Eisa (AS) replied, “Did not Allah (SWT) Forbid you to ask such questions? It isthe divine power of Allah (SWT) who Says, “Be,” and it becomes whatever Allah (SWT) wills!”The food of the table was shared between thousands of city-dwellers, none of whom got uphungry from the table!t⎦⎫ÏΖÏΒ÷σ•Β ΝçGΨà2 βÎ) ©!$# (#θà)®?$# tΑ$s% ( Ï™!$yϑ¡¡9$# z⎯ÏiΒ Zοy‰Í←!$tΒ $oΨøŠn=tã tΑÍi”t∴ムβr& š•/u‘ ßì‹ÏÜtGó¡o„ ö≅yδ zΟtƒötΒ t⎦ø⌠$# ©|¤ŠÏè≈tƒ šχθ•ƒÍ‘#uθysø9$# tΑ$s% øŒÎ)¢Οßγ¯=9$# zΝtƒóΒ ß⎦ø⌠$# ©|¤ŠÏã Α$s% ∩⊇⊇⊂∪ t⎦⎪ωÎγ≈¤±9$# z⎯ÏΒ $uηøŠn=tæ tβθä3tΡuρ $uΖtFø%y‰|¹ ô‰% βr& zΝn=÷ètΡuρ $oΨç/θè=è% ¨⎦È⌡uΚôÜs?uρ $pκ÷]ÏΒ Ÿ≅à2ù¯Ρ βr& ߉ƒÌçΡ (#θä9$s% ∩⊇⊇⊄∪ t t s$yγä9Íi”t∴ãΒ ’ÎoΤÎ) ª!$# Α$s% ∩⊇⊇⊆∪ t⎦⎫Ï%Η≡§9$# çöyz MΡr&ρ $oΨø%ã—ö‘$#uρ ( y7ΖÏiΒ Zπtƒ#u™uρ $tΡÌÅz#u™uρ $oΨÏ9¨ρX{ #Y‰ŠÏã $oΨs9 ãβθä3s? Ï™!$yϑ¡¡9$# z⎯ÏiΒ Zοy‰Í←!$tΒ $oΨø‹n=tã öΑÌ“Ρr& !$oΨ−/u‘ t | u ∩⊇⊇∈∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ #Y‰tnr& ÿ…çμç/Éj‹ãé& Hω $/#x‹tã …çμç/Éj‹tãé& þ’ÎoΤÎ*sù öΝä3ΖÏΒ ß‰÷èt/ öàõ3tƒ ⎯yϑsù ( öΝä3ø‹n=tæ t Behold! The Disciples said: “O Eisa the son of Maryam! Can your Lord send down to us a Table set with foods from heaven?” Eisa said, “Fear Allah, if you have faith.” They said, “We only wish to eat thereof and satisfy our hearts, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth; and that we ourselves may be witnesses to the miracle.” Eisa the son of Maryam said: “O Allah our Lord! Send us down from heaven a Table set with foods, that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us- a solemn festival and a Sign from You; and provide for our sustenance, for You are the best Sustainer of our needs.” Allah said, “I will send it down to you; but if any of you after that resists faith, I will punish him with a penalty such as I have not inflicted on any one among all the peoples.” (Quran:5/112-115)’Í< §øŠs9 $tΒ tΑθè%r& ÷β& þ’Í< ãβθä3ƒ $tΒ 7oΨ≈ysö6ß™ tΑ$s% ( «!$# Èβρߊ ⎯ÏΒ È⎦÷⎫yγ≈s9Î) u’ÍhΓé&uρ ’ÎΤρä‹ÏƒªB$# Ĩ$¨Ζ=Ï9 |Mù=è% |MΡr&u™ zΝtƒótΒ t⎦ø⌠$# ©|¤ŠÏè≈tƒ ª!$# tΑ$s% øŒÎ)uρ } r t y©Í_s?ósΔ& !$Β ωÎ) öΝçλm; àMù=è% $tΒ ∩⊇⊇∉∪ É>θã‹äóø9$# ãΝ≈¯=ã |MΡr& y7¨ΡÎ) 4 y7Å¡øtΡ ’Îû $tΒ ÞΟn=ôãr& Iωuρ ©Å¤øtΡ ’Îû $tΒ ãΝn=÷ès? 4 …çμtGôϑÎ=tæ ô‰s)sù …çμçFù=è% àMΖä. βÎ) 4 @d,ysÎ/ r t tÍκy− &™ó©x« Èe≅ä. 4’n?ã MΡr&uρ 4 öΝÍκön=tã =‹Ï%§9$# |MΡr& |MΨä. ©Í_tGøŠ©ùθs? $£ϑn=sù ( öΝÍκÏù àMøΒߊ $¨Β #Y‰‹Íκy− öΝÍκön=tã àMΖä.ρ 4 öΝä3−/u‘uρ ’În1u‘ ©!$# (#ρ߉ç6ôã$# Èβr& ÿ⎯ÏμÎ/ t | | u u×M≈¨Ψy_ öΝçλm; 4 öΝßγè%ô‰Ï¹ t⎦⎫Ï%ω≈¢Á9$# ßìΖtƒ ãΠöθtƒ #x‹≈yδ ª!$# tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊇∇∪ ÞΟŠÅ3tø:$# Ⓝ͕yèø9$# |MΡr& y7¯ΡÎ*sù öΝßγs9 öÏøós? βÎ)uρ ( x8ߊ$t6Ïã öΝåκ¨ΞÎ*sù öΝåκö5Éj‹yèè? βÎ) ∩⊇⊇∠∪ x p£⎯ÍκÏù $tΒρ ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# à7ù=ãΒ ¬! ∩⊇⊇®∪ ãΛ⎧Ïàèø9$# ã—öθxø9$# y7Ï9≡sŒ 4 çμ÷Ζtã (#θàÊu‘uρ öΝåκ÷]tã ª!$# z©Å̧‘ 4 #Y‰t/r& !$pκÏù t⎦⎪Ï$Î#≈yz ã≈yγ÷ΡF{$# $yγÏFøtrB ⎯ÏΒ “ÌøgrB u y ∩⊇⊄⊃∪ 7ƒÏ‰s% &™ó©x« Èe≅ä. 4’n?tã uθèδuρ 4 And behold! Allah will say: “O Eisa the son of Maryam! Did you say to men, worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah?” He will say, “Glory to You! Never could I say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, You would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart, though I do not know what is in Yours. For You know in full all that is hidden. Never said I to them, anything except what you commanded me to say, that ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord’ and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when You took me up. You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. If You punish them, they are Your servants; if You forgive them, You are the Exalted in power, the Wise.” Allah will say: “This is a day on which the truthful will profit from their truth; theirs are Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath, - their eternal home: Allah well-pleased with them, and they with Allah: that is the great Salvation.” To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is therein, and it is He who has power over all things. (Quran: 5/116-120) With the miracles and the popularity of Prophet Eisa (AS) on the increase among thematerially poor people of the Israelites, the priests conferred and decided to get rid of theprophet. They knew that only the poor people of their nation were the followers and supportersof Prophet Eisa (AS). These poor followers were powerless and remained submissive to theauthority of the politically powerful priests.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 166 To safeguard against even a slight chance of a revolt by the poor dwellers of the city, themight of the Roman Empire was used in the execution of the plans by the local priests. Thepriests convinced the Roman governor that Prophet Eisa (AS) was planning an uprising againstthe empire and was, therefore, a security risk that had to be contained immediately. The priestsrequested the assistance of the Roman soldiers only to arrest Prophet Eisa (AS). Their owncouncil of the high priests would hold the trial. The council also enlisted the aid of one of the disciples of Prophet Eisa (AS), JudasIscariot, in locating and capturing the prophet. However, Allah (SWT) saved Prophet Eisa (AS)by raising him, in person, to Heaven! Another person, some say it was Judas Iscariot, wastransformed by Allah (SWT) to look like the Prophet Eisa (AS). This person, and not Prophet Eisa (AS), was crucified on the cross along with two othernotorious criminals.$tΒ 4 çμ÷ΖÏiΒ 7e7x© ’Å∀9 Ïμ‹Ïù (#θàn=tG÷z$# ⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ¨βÎ)uρ 4 öΝçλm; tμÎm7ä© ⎯Å3≈s9uρ çνθç7n=|¹ $tΒuρ çνθè=tFs% $tΒuρ «!$# tΑθß™u‘ zΝtƒótΒ t⎦ø⌠$# ©|¤ŠÏã yx‹Å¡pRùQ$# $uΖù=tGs% $¯ΡÎ) öΝÎγÏ9öθs%uρ s tωÎ) É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# È≅÷δ& ⎯ÏiΒ βÎ)uρ ∩⊇∈∇∪ $ΚŠÅ3m #¹“ƒÍ•tã ª!$# tβ%x.uρ 4 Ïμø‹s9Î) ª!$# çμyèù§‘ ≅t/ ∩⊇∈∠∪ $KΖŠÉ)tƒ çνθè=tFs% $tΒuρ 4 Çd⎯©à9$# tí$t7Ïo?$# ωÎ) AΟù=Ïæ ô⎯ÏΒ ⎯ÏμÎ/ Μçλm; r ô y s ∩⊇∈®∪ #Y‰‹Íκy− öΝÍκön=tã ãβθä3tƒ Ïπyϑ≈uŠÉ)ø9$# tΠöθtƒuρ ( ⎯ÏμÏ?öθtΒ Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ ¨⎦s⎞ÏΒ÷σã‹s9 That they boasted, “We killed Christ; Eisa, the son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah,” but they did not kill him, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no certain knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for of a surety they did not kill him. Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise. And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in Him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness against them. (Quran: 4/157-159)(#öθ㊠βr& ∩®⊃∪ #ƒ‰δ ãΑ$t6Ågø:$# ”σrBuρ ÞÚö‘F{$# ‘,t±Ψs?uρ çμ÷ΖÏΒ tβö©ÜxtGtƒ ßN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ߊ%x6s? ∩∇®∪ #tŠÎ) $º↔ø‹x© ÷Λä⎢÷∞Å_ ô‰s)©9 ∩∇∇∪ #V$s!uρ ß⎯≈oΗ÷q§9$# x‹sƒªB$# (#θä9$s%uρ t y yô‰)©9 ∩®⊂∪ #Y‰ö7tã Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$# ’ÎA#u™ HωÎ) ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ’Îû ⎯tΒ ‘≅à2 βÎ) ∩®⊄∪ #µ$s!ρ x‹Ï‚−Gtƒ βr& Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§=Ï9 ©Èöt7.⊥tƒ $tΒuρ ∩®⊇∪ #V$s!uρ Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§=Ï9 s u ∩®∈∪ #·Šösù Ïπyϑ≈uŠÉ)ø9$# Πöθtƒ Ïμ‹Ï?#u™ öΝßγ=ä.uρ ∩®⊆∪ #t‰tã öΝè䣉tãuρ ÷Λàι9|Áômr& t They say, “Allah, The Most Gracious has begotten a son!” Indeed you have put forth a thing most monstrous! At it the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin. That Allah should invoke a son for Allah, The Most Gracious? For it is not consonant with the majesty of Allah, The Most Gracious that He should beget a son. Not one of the beings in the heavens and the earth but must come to Allah, The Most Gracious, except as a servant. He takes an account of them all, and has numbered them all exactly. And every one of them will come to Him singly on the Day of Judgment. (Quran: 19/88-95)
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 167PROPHET MOHAMMED (SAW)Ç⎯ã öΝßγ8pκ÷]tƒuρ Å∃ρã÷èyϑø9$$Î/ ΝèδããΒùƒ È≅‹ÅgΥM}$#uρ Ïπ1u‘öθ−G9$# ’Îû öΝèδy‰ΨÏã $¹/θçGõ3tΒ …çμtΡρ߉Ågs† “Ï%©!$# ¥_ÍhΓW{$# ¢©É<¨Ζ9$# tΑθß™§9$# šχθãèÎ7−Ftƒ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# t t⎯ÏμÎ/ (#θãΖtΒ#u™ š⎥⎪Ï%©!$$sù 4 óΟÎγøŠn=tæ ôMtΡ%x. ©ÉL©9$# Ÿ≅≈n=øñF{$#uρ öΝèδuñÀÎ) öΝßγ÷Ζtã ßìŸÒtƒuρ y]Íׯ≈t6y‚ø9$# ÞΟÎγøŠn=tæ ãΠÌhptä†uρ ÏM≈t6Íh‹©Ü9$# ÞΟßγs9 ‘≅Ïtä†uρ Ìx6Ψßϑø9$# ∩⊇∈∠∪ šχθßsÎ=øßϑø9$# ãΝèδ y7Íׯ≈s9ρé&   ÿ…çμyètΒ tΑÌ“Ρé& ü“Ï%©!$# u‘θ‘Ζ9$# (#θãèt7¨?$#uρ çνρã|ÁtΡuρ çνρ⑨“tãuρ Those who follow the messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, whom they will find described in the Torah and Gospel which are with them. He will enjoin on them that which is right and will forbid them that which is wrong. He will make lawful for them all god things and prohibit for them only the foul; and he will relieve them of their burden and the fetters that they used to wear. Then those who believe in him, and honor him, and help him and follow the light which is sent down with him: they are successful. (Quran: 7/157) Prophet Mohammed (SAW) was born in Makkah, on August 2, 570. The Arabic date was12 Rabi’ Al-Awwal. His mother was Aminah from the Zahrah family. His father was Abdullah,son of Abdul Muttalib, the leader of the Hashemite clan in the Quresh tribe. Traditionally, theleader of the Hashemite clan was the Keeper of the Ka’bah. Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his first-born son Prophet Ismail (AS) had built the Ka’bah. The lineage of Prophet Mohammed (SAW) isdirectly linked to that of Prophet Ismail (AS), the co-builder of the Ka’bah. Prophet Ismail (AS)was the first-born son of Prophet Ibrahim (AS). Prophet Mohammed’s (SAW) father, Abdullah, had died before his birth and his mother,Aminah, died before his sixth birthday. This orphan was taken over by his grandfather, AbdulMuttalib. Abdul Muttalib died two years later. Abu Talib, son of Abdul Muttalib, took over theresponsibility of caring and raising his orphan nephew. Makkah had flourished economically; it had two times the wealth of other inhabitationsin the area. The two most prominent reasons for this prosperity were: • First, because it was situated on the main trade route of Arabia; thus, it became a well- developed and favorite stopping place for all the caravans; • Second, it had the Ka’bah, where thousands of people would come annually to pay homage to their gods. Ka’bah had hundreds of manufactured idols and images of gods within its four walls. The pagans held regular annual festivals to celebrate their idols! Economically, the inhabitants of Mak’ah and the surrounding areas were very rich, butspiritually the entire Arabia was in its darkest era of ignorance, paganism, and idolatry. ProphetMohammed (SAW) had spent most of his youth in those surroundings and witnessed these andmany other pagan rituals. Strangely, he was never influenced by what he saw or heard. As a child, he was occupied in looking after the sheep herds of his uncle, Abu Talib.When he started his teenage years, he accompanied his uncle, Abu Talib, on trade missions toSyria and Iraq. During one of these trips, a Christian monk observed him and, pointing towardsProphet Mohammed (SAW), advised his uncle Abu Talib to take extra care and protect him fromthe people of his nation. This monk did not explain his reason, for this specific caution, to AbuTalib; regarding his nephew. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) spent the most of his teenage years developing and lookingafter the business of his uncle, Abu Talib. The business flourished, and so did the personality andfame of Prophet Mohammed (SAW). Prophet Mohammed (SAW) was a mild-mannered person of an excellent character, andwas the most trustworthy in all dealings. Although he was an illiterate and remained an illiterate
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 168throughout his life, he was frequently the most sought person to mediate in personal disputes orfor his wise consul in the matters which involved trust. His judgment and fairness was acceptedand appreciated by both the plaintiffs and the respondents involved in any dispute. He was thebest mediator and never took sides in any disputes brought to him. His people vested upon himan irrevocable title of “Al-Ameen,” which means “the trustworthy.” In spite of his popularity among his people, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) preferred tospend his free time meditating and relaxing alone, by himself, in the surrounding deserts or thenearby mountain caves. He preferred to be away, realizing that it would be a temporary relief andwould usually last for short durations. He was trying to escape, from, what were to him, the mostpuzzling customs and traditions of the Arabs. • The Arabs vigorously celebrated the births of male children in their families but resented the births of the female children, most of whom they buried alive, immediately upon birth! • The bloody feuds among the families and clans lasted for all the future generations. There was never an end to the revenge killings! • The women were downtrodden and had no civil rights within their society! • The oppressive treatments meted out to the slaves were, mostly, inhumane! • The visitors and the strangers were being robbed of their possessions! • The superstitions and the pagan rituals being practiced were disgraceful! At the age of twenty-five, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) was delegated to lead a tradecaravan of a noble and rich widow, Khadijah, from the Qureshites. The caravan generated andreturned with huge profits for Khadijah. She was highly impressed with the honesty and thepersonality of Prophet Mohammed (SAW). Khadijah proposed and sought his hand in marriage.Khadijah was forty years of age while Prophet Mohammed (SAW) was only twenty-five yearsold! His uncle, Abu Talib, advised Prophet Mohammed (SAW) to accept the proposal andsolemnize the marriage. The marriage produced the happiness, comfort, and a close company ofa consoling partner for Prophet Mohammed (SAW). It also gave him a political voice among thecommunity. After the death of his grandfather, Abdul Muttalib; the authority and the duties of theCaretaker of the Ka’bah had been divided among the ten prominent family heads of theQureshites. However, there existed blood feuds among them; thus, there was never an agreementon major issues. Some of the major issues facing them included the laws related to the safety andsecurity of everyone in Makkah. Neither the citizens nor the visitors felt safe in the city. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) proposed that a joint body be formed to face the lawlessnessand protect those who needed protection from the oppressors and the criminals. The work of thisbody, called Fudul, meaning ‘favors,’ generated a sigh of relief among the people and the visitorsto Makkah. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) maintained his aloofness and continued with hismeditations on the outskirts of Makkah. At the age of thirty-five, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) confronted a situation thatthreatened to plunge the entire Arabia into a bloody civil war. The Ka’bah had deteriorated in astate of disrepair. The otherwise amicable reconstruction process was interrupted by a dispute.The dispute arose due to an issue; the issue was to decide who should have the honor to raise theblack-stone, and affix it appropriately. The black-stone had been brought from Paradise by
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 169Prophet Adam (AS). Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and his son, Ismail (AS) had affixed this black-stoneas the corner stone in the Ka’bah. Each tribe claimed that the right to affix the black-stone was theirs! The tribes had drawntheir swords and would not hesitate to use the swords to enforce their beliefs. The seniors amongthem suggested that this grave matter be settled by the fate. All of them agreed that the firstperson entering the main gate would make this decision for them. The first person who entered the gate was Prophet Mohammed (SAW). He was toldabout their dispute and their priority status among the tribes. Prophet Mohammed (SAW)suggested that all the tribes had equal rights and equal status; therefore, they must participateequally in raising the black-stone. He suggested that the black-stone should be placed on a sheet;all the tribal elders would hold the sheet at its ends and raise it to the level required and place theblack-stone in its place. The tribal elders requested the Al-Ameen join them in their project; forafter they had raised the black-stone to the requisite level, he should be the one to place theblack-stone in its place on the wall of the Ka’bah! Almighty Allah (SWT) appears to have Decreed that the heavenly black stone, brought tothe earth by the First Prophet, Adam (AS), should be finally placed in Ka’bah by none other thanHis Last Prophet and Messenger, Mohammed (SAW) His uncle, Abu Talib, had lost a lot of his wealth in the misadventures associated with thecaravans and the trade. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) attempted to relieve some of the financialobligations of his uncle, Abu Talib, by adopting and educating his two cousins, Ali and Akil.Both Ali and Akil were the sons of Abu Talib. Khadijah bore seven children for ProphetMohammed (SAW); three sons and four daughters. All the sons had died in their childhood;however, Ali became the symbol of his love. It was as if he became a father of Ali; and Aliloved to being treated as a son for him. Khadijah had also given a young slave boy to the prophet as a gift from her. This slavewas Zaid Ibn Haritha. Zaid had been brought as a captive into Makkah and sold to Khadijah.Zaid’s father Haritha learned the whereabouts of his son, came to Prophet Mohammed (SAW),and offered a large sum for his ransom and freedom. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) suggested, “Let Zaid decide this issue! If he chooses to gowith you, you can take him without paying any ransom. But if he chooses to stay with me, heshould be allowed to stay here.” When Zaid was asked his preference, he declared that he wanted to stay with his masterwhere he was treated as if he was the only son of the family. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) sealedthis bond by taking Zaid to the Ka’bah; he placed his hand on the black-stone and publiclydeclared that Zaid was the adopted son of Mohammed. Haritha, father of Zaid, supported thisadoption and left Makkah having satisfied himself about the better status of his son. ThereafterZaid was always called, the son of Mohammed. By the age of forty, Prophet Mohammed (SAW) had increased his excursions towards theoutskirts of Makkah. He frequently visited the cave of Mount Hira, sometimes alone, at othertimes his family accompanied him. Sometimes he would spend whole nights in solitarymeditations in the cave. It was a place of solace for him, where he found a mysterious peace;away from the rituals of the everyday events of the life. Once whilst meditating in the cave ofMount Hira, Angel Jibrail (Gabriel) (AS), approached Prophet Mohammed (SAW) and said,“Read!” Prophet Mohammed (SAW) replied, “I cannot read. I am an illiterate!”
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 170 Angel Jibrail (AS) embraced and hugged hard Prophet Mohammed (SAW) and repeated,“Read!” Again, the Prophet replied, “I am not a reader!” Angel Jibrail (AS) again tightened the embrace and said, ∩⊆∪ ÉΟ=)ø9$$Î/ Ο¯=tæ “Ï%©!$# ∩⊂∪ ãΠtø.F{$# 7š/u‘uρ ù&tø%$# ∩⊄∪ @,n=tã ô⎯ÏΒ z⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# t,n=y{ ∩⊇∪ t,n=y{ “Ï%©!$# y7În/u‘ ÉΟó™$$Î/ ù&tø%$# ns z y Read! In the name of your Lord and Cherisher, Who created, Created man, out of a mere clot of congealed blood: Read! And your Lord is Most Bountiful., He Who taught the use of the Pen.” (Quran: 96/1-4) Prophet Mohammed (SAW) continued to repeat these words, out of fear. When herealized that the Angel had disappeared from his vicinity, he ran home; sweating and repeatingwhat he was told to read. When his wife Khadijah saw him, she got worried at his physicalappearance; he was sweating profusely and his body was shaking with fear. Prophet Mohammed(SAW) told her to wrap him up with a blanket. Ever loving and gentle Khadijah immediatelywrapped him up and tried to pacify him. She was anxious to learn about the circumstances thathad brought him to this condition. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) related his strangest experience to her, adding that it scaredhim! He was also afraid that if he had imagined it, he was on the verge of loosing his sanity!Khadijah consoled and reassured him against having such thoughts. Khadijah reminded him,“You always speak the truth! You are faithful in trust! You care for everyone! You are the mostcharitable! You are always hospitable and assist those in need! There is nothing for you to beafraid off!” Prophet Mohammed (SAW) again related his experience and repeated the words he hadbeen told to read. When Khadijah heard the miraculous words, she reassured her husband andtold him that she had a full faith in him and would not doubt that whatever he had experiencedwas not a figment of his imagination. After she was satisfied that Prophet Mohammed (SAW)had calmed down and was resting comfortably, Khadijah, went to her cousin, Waraqa IbnNaufal, and told him about the strange event experienced by her husband, and the words relayedto him. Waraqa was a blind old man. He was fully versed and had translated into Arabic, theScriptures of the Jews and Christians. He exclaimed, “I am sure that is Namus – The Holy Spirit- who had also come toProphets Ibrahim (AS) and Musa (AS); and later to Maryam, the mother of Prophet Eisa (AS)!O Khadijah! I think Mohammed is the Last Prophet that was mentioned in all the Scriptures!” Upon hearing this, Khadijah, ran home to Prophet Mohammed (SAW) and told himwhat she had learnt. Thereafter she took the hand of her husband, and pledged, “He in whosehands stands the life of Khadijah bears witness that you always speak the truth and that you are aRighteous!” Later Waraqa Ibn Naufal, the blind cleric, met Prophet Mohammed (SAW) in the street;Waraqa addressed him and said, “I swear by Him, Who Holds the life of Waraqa, Allah haschosen you to be the Prophet of these people. They will call you a liar. They will persecute you.They will banish you and they will fight against you. You will have to be very strong for yourmission!” So saying, Waraqa kissed the Prophet (SAW) on his forehead. Prophet Mohammed (SAW) continued with his routine of meditations in the cave ofMount Hira. A few days later, he heard:
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 171 ∩⊂∪ ÷Éi9s3sù y7−/u‘uρ ∩⊄∪ ö‘É‹Ρrsù óΟè% ∩⊇∪ ãÏoO£‰ßϑø9$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒ “O you wrapped up in a mantle! Arise and deliver your warning! And do magnify your Lord!” (Quran: 74/1-3) Prophet Mohammed (SAW) arose, recalled the message he had just heard, and decided toact upon it. He went home to his wife, Khadijah, and repeated what he had just heard in the cave.This revelation was a confirmation of what her cousin, Waraqa, had told her. She knew that herhusband had been chosen to be the Prophet and Messenger of Allah (SWT). She pledged herallegiance to his mission. Khadijah was the first person to accept the Prophet Hood of herhusband and pledged to follow him, and practice whatever he preached. After Khadijah, hiscousin, Ali Ibn Talib, accepted and pledged allegiance to the mission of Prophet Mohammed(SAW). Prophet Mohammed (SAW) started preaching his message to the people who wereclosest to him. Prophet Mohammed (SAW), his wife Khadijah and his cousin, Ali, started the ritual ofgoing away from people, in the solitudes of the desert and meditate. This meditation gave themthe satisfaction of a mysterious achievement. Their people were the pagans and the worshippersof the idols. Yet all the three discovered that their meditations, in the desert, gave them morethan personal satisfaction; it uplifted their individual spirits! Once, whilst all the three of themwere in meditations, Abu Talib came to them and asked. “O son of my brother! What is thisreligion you are following?” The Prophet replied, “It is the oneness of Allah! The Truth of His Messengers! Allah(SWT) Has instructed me to show the Truth!” Abu Talib turned to his son, Ali and asked, “Do you follow him and his religion?” Ali Ibn Talib replied, “I believe in Allah (SWT)! And I believe in His Prophet and gowith him!” Abu Talib said, “I cannot abandon the religion of my father. But if you have decided tofollow Mohammed, you are free to go with him.” Zaid, the adopted son of Prophet Mohammed (SAW) was the next person to accept hisadopted father as the Prophet. Abu Bakr (RA), a prominent and a leading trader from the Qureshtribe also joined Prophet Mohammed (SAW) and promised, to fully support him; in his mission.Abu Bakr (RA) was a wealthy merchant; had an impeccable reputation for honesty and theintegrity. His association with the new faith provided a great moral strength to ProphetMohammed (SAW). Soon afterwards, five more notable members of their tribe presentedthemselves to the Prophet (SAW) and pledged allegiance to his mission. More members of the general population also started joining the movement in smallnumbers. Even though their numbers were increasing, the movement continued to meet insecrecy for almost three years. Their principle objective was to discourage the idol-worships andthe prevailing pagan rituals being practiced then. Both these objectives were against the overallinterests of the Qureshites. After three years new Divine inspirations urged Prophet Mohammed (SAW) to openly,and publicly declare the Message revealed to him! Prophet Mohammed (SAW) started preachingOneness of Allah and condemned the worshipping of the idols as their gods. No sooner had themessage been delivered; than the retaliations of the citizens of Makkah rebounded upon theProphet. Doubts were being raised on the sanity of the Prophet. Some people suggested that theProphet was either crazy or possessed by evil spirits.
    • AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 172 Whilst the citizens of Makkah ignored the preaching and the messages of the Prophet, thevisitors to Makkah paid attention to him and his message out of pure curiosity. The Qureshcountered by posting their agents at the entrances of Makkah. These agents were charged withthe responsibilities of cautioning the visitors about the activities of a lunatic, who was advocatingagainst their favorite idols. These agents would also warn the visitors that a dangerous magicianwas roaming around in Makkah who claimed to be a prophet. Nevertheless, the meetingsbetween these visitors to Makkah and Prophet Mohammed (SAW) did produce a somewhatpositive effect, in areas out of Makkah. When the visitors returned to their homes, elsewhere in Arabia, they carried with themthe news about a bold preacher, who was loudly preaching to the Arabs, at the risk of his ownlife, and inviting them to abandon their idolatry and pagan rituals. This news gained momentumamongst the distant Arabian tribes. When the leaders of the Quresh learnt that the Arabs outside Makkah were hearing aboutthe preaching and message of Prophet Mohammed (SAW) they decided to persecute the Prophetand his followers. Hostilities started with the Prophet being prevented from offering his prayersat the Sacred House of the Ka’bah. Groups were formed to follow the Prophet and his followerswherever the latter went and to harass them. Garbage and filth were being thrown at the Prophetand his followers. Thorns were spread on their frequented paths and ways. The places of theirworships were being destroyed. These tactics and the abuses did not affect the resolve of theProphet and his followers to pursue their newfound faith.