Planning for a Post Celtic Tiger Urban Landscape


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10th Biennial of European Towns and Town Planners (ECTP-CEU), Cascais 19-21 September 2013

Irish Presentation on the the paper themed City Without Public Economic Funds

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Planning for a Post Celtic Tiger Urban Landscape

  1. 1. PLANNING for a post CELTIC TIGER Urban Landscape City Without Public Economic Funds’
  2. 2. IRELAND Young Planners Workshop 2013 Aoife Doyle, Colin Broderick, Rachel Ivers, Stephen D. Walsh & Philip Kavanagh 19th September, 2013
  3. 3. PLANNING for a post CELTIC TIGER Urban Landscape Our paper:
  4. 4. OVERVIEW. 1
  5. 5. • Celtic Tiger and Entrepreneurial Planning • The Response to the Crisis – NAMA • Spatial Planning at the Crossroads • Alternative Future’s for Ireland’s Urban Development • The Living Cities Initiatives • Community Responses • The Economic Viability of Temporary Uses • Towards More Adaptive and Resilient Spatial Planning • Conclusion OVERVIEW
  6. 6. Celtic Tiger and Entrepreneurial Planning. 2
  7. 7. During the 1990s the so called ‘Celtic Tiger’ Irish economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.5%, more than three times the European average at the time (Murphy, 2000).
  8. 8. Irish Planning became increasingly infused with the ethos of entrepreneurialism ;
  9. 9. A new focus on Ireland’s cities brought about a wave of market led regeneration efforts, encouraged by an availability of cheap credit, tax incentives and a climate which encouraged the creation of numerous public private partnerships (PPP’s).
  10. 10. The Irish economic model as ‘predicated on constant growth to function’ and this focus spilled over into planning practice. While Ireland’s recession mirrors what is going on in most European states and further afield, the particular causes of the Irish economic crisis were decidedly local in origin as the Irish economy had become unsustainably dependent on the construction industry (and house building specifically).
  11. 11. Indeed it has been argued that the goal of Ireland’s loose regulatory system was to ‘encourage the market rather than restrain it’ (Kirby, 2009: 9).
  12. 12. Housing unit completions per 1000 population for Europe in 2007
  13. 13. New postal addresses 2005 - 2007
  14. 14. Urban Planning in the Celtic Tiger Era
  15. 15. National RESPONSE. 3
  16. 16. NAMA€77 billion
  17. 17. “obtain so far as possible the best achievable financial return for the State having regard to the amount paid, plus whatever additional working or development capital costs for the acquired bank assets.” (Section 10 of the NAMA Act 2009)
  18. 18. local government reform
  19. 19. National Spatial Strategy (NSS) Regional Planning Guidelines (RPG’s) Development Plans Local Area Plans (LAP’s) National Regional Local irish Planning System
  20. 20. NSS Abandoned
  21. 21. local RESPONSEs. 4
  23. 23. local responses / alternative futures for  Ireland’s urban development
  24. 24. LIVING cities
  25. 25. vulnerable STRENGTH POWER
  26. 26. community response
  27. 27. Granby Park
  28. 28. Granby Park
  29. 29. Thomas Street
  30. 30. Future Potential? Prime Location Large Development inviting foreign investment
  31. 31. Viability?
  32. 32. New Central BANK HQ.
  33. 33. Towards More Adaptive and Resilient Spatial Planning. 5
  34. 34. Towards more adaptive and resilient spatial planning? The scale of the current global economic crisis has undermined and raised questions about some of the core assumptions that dominated urban policy thinking in many global cities in the 1990s and 2000s (Raco, 2011). “As well as a catastrophic failure in Ireland’s banking and financial regulatory system, there has been a catastrophic failure of the planning system” (NIRSA, 2010: 2) ‘Is this the end of spatial planning in Ireland?’ (Kitchin, 2013)
  35. 35. Conclusions 6
  36. 36. Seeking to Recover rather than Reform? Thus far, the Irish response to the crisis—like that of many other nations—has been described as reacting rather than acting. It is critical that current circumstances do not combine to promote a tendency to short termism and a predomination of non strategic thinking and action. Strategic Spatial Planning is crucial in moving forward
  37. 37.
  38. 38. ‘If a city is struck by disaster it follows that the original state was one in which it was vulnerable to disaster in the first place’ (Klein et al, 2003)
  39. 39. THANK YOU