Slavery In America

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Slavery In America

  1. 1. Slavery in America (1700-1770) Rachel Cooperrider
  2. 2. Why Slavery? To meet labor needs Indentured servants no longer reliable The establishment of the Royal African Company in 1672
  3. 3. The Capture Bartering with African kingdom Kidnapping Journey back to the coast would take up to two months Branding slaves before travel
  4. 4. The Journey to America The “middle passage” Kept below deck with no fresh air Threw sick slaves overboard More than 1 in 4 captives died along the way
  5. 5. New Life in America Auctioned off in public squares Inspection of teeth, underarms and genitals Young men and women most valuable Total journey from Africa to New World plantation took six months
  6. 6. Plantation Life Preserved several African traditions Family life unpredictable Slaves outnumbered colonists in South
  7. 7. Life in New Life in Middle England Colonies 3% of 18% of population was population African Worked as field Worked on small hands, on small farms or in the farms, as house cities servants, or skilled artisans
  8. 8. Racism Used as a legal device to maintain control as population grows Interracial marriage is forbidden Marriage and literacy outlawed Overtime free blacks lost right to employ, hold office, bear arms, strike
  9. 9. Rebellion and Resistance Limited open resistance Run away to swamps and mountains Georgia set up to prevent runaways Native Americans were given bounties for runaway slaves
  10. 10. Stono Rebellion Stono, South Carolina in 1739 Group of slaves stole firearms Plan to go to Spanish Florida Marched from house to house murdering slave owners and families After 30 miles, the group was met by militias
  11. 11. In Response to Stono Negro Act − S.C. State law forbidding slaves to grow their own food, assemble in groups, and learn to read Resulted in more legal action for slaves
  12. 12. The Growing Slave Population 2,000 slaves brought over a year Between 1680 and 1700 the transportation of slaves on an English ship rose from 5,000 to 20,000 By 1750, African Americans were 4/5ths of the population In 1755, 80% of black population was mixed racial 95% of colonial African slaves remained slaves for life
  13. 13. Slaves During the Revolutionary War Slaves gained freedom by joining state militias Those who fought on American side were in the line of fire Those who fought on British side were doing manual labor
  14. 14. Freed Slaves By 1770, there was around 40,000 free black slaves in the colonies − Included runaways and black immigrants from West Indies Had certain social, economic, and legal restrictions Status was one of uncertainty
  15. 15. Results of Slavery As population grew, so did restrictions More racism Caste-like system of segregation Economic expansion
  16. 16. Bibliography Schultz, Kevin M. "Expansion and Control, 1700-1763." Hist. Boston, MA: Wadsworth / Cengage Learning, 2012. 59-79. Print. Slavery In America. Photograph.Http://www.historyguy.com/civilwar/statistics_slave_population.html. The History Guy, 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. Slave Trade to Civil War. Photograph. Http://hunt-barronclasswiki.wikispaces.com/ Slave+Trade+to+Civil+War. Tangient LLC, 2012. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. Photograph. Picture Gallery. ThinkQuest, Sept. 2011. Web The Transatlantic Slave Trade. Photograph. Abagond. Wordpress.com, 21 May 2010. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. Photograph. Remembering Slavery in Verse. BBC News, 23 Mar. 2007. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. Photograph. POSTS TAGGED WITH SLAVERY. NewsOne, 2012. Web. 13 Mar. 2012. Photograph. Stono Rebellion. BlackPast.org, 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2012.

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