2. Introduction to Medical TerminologyProfessional Socialization: Learning the LanguageEntering the world of nursing is like going to a countrywhere you do not speak the language. It can be unsettling,so you must make a conscious effort to learn. You mustAsk for definitions of acronyms and/or words the faculty and others use. Youmust also study the terminology since a vast amount of medical terminology isused day to day in the nursing profession.Professional SocializationAs you become more familiar with the terminology and language in thenursing profession, it will roll off your tongue with ease. This process iscalled professional socialization and it allows you to fit in and communicate withconfidence.
3. Introduction to Medical Terminology“Medical terminology is the professional language ofthose who are directly or indirectly engaged in the artof healing.” (Frenay and Mahoney, 1998)Most medical terms have Greek or Latin origins,though some are derived from modern languages,particularly German, French, and English. In general,terms dealing with diagnosis and surgery have Greekorigins, whereas anatomical terms have Latin origins.An understanding of the structure of medical terms,and an ability to break down a medical term into itsparts helps you get the most out of using a medicaldictionary, and makes dealing with medicalterminology less challenging than it first appears.
4. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedical terms are formed from word roots, prefixes, suffixes, andcombining vowels/forms, defined below: Root – the foundation of the word, it can be combined with a prefix or suffix Prefix – placed before the root to modify its meaning Suffix – placed after the root to modify and give essential meaning to the root; forms a noun, verb, or adjective Combining form – root with a combining vowel attached (e.g. lip/o-); o is the most common combining vowelIn “decoding” medical terms, it is best to look first at themeaning of the suffix, then at the meaning of the root or root andprefix.
5. Introduction to Medical Terminology Example: hyperlipoproteinemia hyper- (prefix) = excessive lip (root) = fat o (vowel used to create a combining form, lipo- ) protein (root) = protein -emia (suffix) = blood condition Hyperlipoproteinemia is a blood condition, characterized by an excessive amount of fat and protein.
6. Introduction to Medical Terminology Example: pericarditis peri- (prefix) = around cardi (root) = heart -itis (suffix) = inflammation Pericarditis literally means “inflammation around the heart” but the dictionary states that this terms means inflammation of the pericardium (-ium is a suffix meaning tissue), the sac that encloses the heart.
7. Introduction to Medical TerminologyBody LanguageVarious medical terms refer to divisions ofthe body, body position and direction, planesof the body, and body cavities.Examples of these are: epigastric region andlower right quadrant of the abdomen; sacralregion of the back; superficial position; efferentdirection; horizontal plane; and frontal sinus. Itmay be helpful to familiarize yourself with someof these terms.
8. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedicalTerminology:Prefixes
9. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedicalTerminology:Suffixes
10. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedical Root Definition Example aden- [Gr.] gland adenomaTerminology: blephar- [Gr.] eyelid blepharoplastyRoot Terms cardi- [Gr.] heart cardiography derm(at)- [Gr.] skin dermatitis gastr- [Gr.] stomach gastrostomy grav- [L.] heavy multigravida lingu- [L.] tongue sublingual phob- [Gr.] fear agoraphobia spirat- [L.] breathe inspiratory thorac- [Gr.] chest thoracoplasty
11. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology: OtherTerms that reflect an aspect of a disease/condition: anatomy – science of the structure of the body; relation of its parts physiology – science dealing with the function of the body and its parts etiology – what causes the disease diagnosis – determining what disease therapy – treatment of a disease prognosis – forecast of outcome of a disease signs – objective evidence of a disease; perceptible to the practitioner symptoms – subjective sensations of the patient
12. Introduction to Medical TerminologyDrug terminology: brand name – name used for a drug made by a particular company (e.g. Snickers) generic name – name used for the drug, regardless of which company makes it (e.g. candy bar) indication – condition for which you are taking the drug contraindication – condition that would preclude your taking the drug precautions – things you need to watch for when taking the drug side effects – effects other than the therapeutic effect of the drug adverse reactions – potentially harmful side effect monograph – information on a single drug
13. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology ResourcesMedical Terminology Certificate Students will gain a basic understanding of medical terminology by reviewing the material and answering the questions within the online Medical Terminology course offered by Des Moines University and available at: http://www.dmu.edu/medterms/ Students may, if they wish, pay $50.00 for a certificate upon course completion.
14. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology DictionariesYou may find it useful to have some resources at the ready for yourself. Thefollowing resources are available online for a fee: Dorland, N.W. (2011). Dorlands illustrated medical dictionary. (32nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders. Stedman, T.L. (2006). Stedman’s medical dictionary. (28th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Thomas, C. L. (2009) Tabers cyclopedic medical dictionary. (21st ed.). Philadelphia: Davis.The following medical dictionary is available online free of charge: The Free Medical Dictionary by Farlex: http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/
15. Introduction to Medical TerminologyMedical Terminology BooksBuilding your own library of reference books can also support your learningand be resources throughout your nursing career. Davis, B.J. (2008). Comprehensive medical terminology. Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar Learning. Erlich, A. & Schroeder, C. L. (2013). Medical terminology for health professions (7th ed.). New York, NY: Delmar, Cengage Learning. Henderson, B. & Dorsey, J. L. (2009). Medical terminology for dummies. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley Publishing, Inc. Chabner, Davi-Ellen. (2012). Medical terminology: A short course. (6th ed.) St. Louis, MO: Sanders/Elsevier.
16. Introduction to Medical TerminologyOnline Medical Terminology Information, Tools, Quizzes Prefixes Test - http://www.medword.com/prefixes_test.html List of Medical Roots - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_medical_roots Basic Medical Terminology Quiz - http://www.funtrivia.com/playquiz/quiz4508452c228.html Basic Medical Terminology - http://www.tpub.com/content/armymedical/MD0010/ AAMA CMA Practice Exam: Medical Terminology - http://www.aama- ntl.org/becomecma/practice_term.aspx Eds Medical Terminology Page - http://www.pathguy.com/medvocab.htm Free Medical Terminology Web Game - http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/web_games_vocab_med.htm Medical Terminology Activities - http://msjensen.cehd.umn.edu/APModules/medterms/ MediLexicon (pharmaceutical and medical abbreviations) - http://www.medilexicon.com/ Medical Terminology Prefixes (match words, flashcards, concentration games) -http://www.quia.com