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Colonel Patrick Sanders: The British withdrawal from the Basra Palace
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Colonel Patrick Sanders: The British withdrawal from the Basra Palace

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Colonel P N Y M Sanders recounts the British involvement in Basra and outlines the wirthdrawal from the Basra palace.

Colonel P N Y M Sanders recounts the British involvement in Basra and outlines the wirthdrawal from the Basra palace.

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  • 1.  
  • 2. 4 RIFLES BATTLE GROUP IN BASRA Op TELIC 10: 20 May – 21 Nov 07 Probably the Worst Palace in the World…”
  • 3. Probably the Worst Palace in the World…” 4 RIFLES Battle Group Operations in Basra 2007: Defence, Delay, Raiding and Withdrawal in a Contemporary Urban Environment
  • 4. OUTLINE
    • The Context:
      • Who?
      • Where?
      • Why?
      • What?
    • How? (Insights)
      • Defence and Delay
      • Raiding
      • Withdrawal and Relief in Place
      • Morale
      • Leadership and Command
  • 5. WHO?
    • Iraqi Population
  • 6. WHO?
    • Iraqi Population
    • Jaish Al Mahdi (JAM)
      • Ends, ways and means
  • 7.  
  • 8. JAFAAR AL SADIQ COY MOVEMENT OF THE LORD OF MARTYRS AL ABBAS COY KARAAR COY JUMHURIYA DISTRICT REGIMENT ANSAR ALAMAM COY JAWAAD COY ASOOD AL IRAQ COY AL QUIBLA JAM REGT AMIR AL-MU-MINEEN/ ASSAD AL KUFA COMPANY SAFEER AL HUSSEIN COY ALI MURTHADA COY ALI AL KABI COY JAISH AL IMAN AL HARDI MOHAMMED MUSTAPHA BN AL HALAF COY ORGANISATION OF THE FREE 2 AL HYYANNIAH COYS AL JAM Al-MURTADA BN MARTYRS COY, MUQTADA AL SADR COY, YA'SUB AL-DIN COY, HAYDAR AL KARAR COY, MARTYR BAQIR AL SADR COY HAYTHAM AL TIMSAR COY HAYY AL MUTHALLATH COY AL SHAHEED AL AWAL COY AL BASRAH BRIGADE THE ALUMMA MOVEMENT AT TANNUMAH COY AL ZAHRAH COY AL HASANI COY SUBKHAT AL ARAB COY
  • 9. WHO?
    • Iraqi Population
    • Jaish Al Mahdi (JAM)
      • Ends, ways and means
    • 1 Mechanised Brigade
  • 10. WHO?
    • Iraqi Population
    • Jaish Al Mahdi (JAM)
      • Ends, ways and means
    • 1 Mechanised Brigade
    • 4 RIFLES Battle Group
  • 11. 4 RIFLES BG Op ARMAGEDDON BG Tac 4RIFLES 4RIFLES RD 2 RWELSH Recce Mult (vehs from Sy Coy) B RAVEN Sigs RLD, LSD, 158 Provost Det, Med Sect, RE Sect, CMD Team, DH3 Det, (RESA) US BP SECURITY OPS OPS BG TROOPS B Op ARMAGEDDON C-RAM US B 1 IG PJCC SY ADMINCON: Op HATHOR, ORA, US REO, FCO POLAD 1 OPS W w w W w W B B B B B B B W W
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. 4 RIFLES BG Op ARMAGEDDON BG Tac 4RIFLES 4RIFLES RD 2 RWELSH Recce Mult (vehs from Sy Coy) B RAVEN Sigs RLD, LSD, 158 Provost Det, Med Sect, RE Sect, CMD Team, DH3 Det, (RESA) US BP SECURITY OPS OPS BG TROOPS B Op ARMAGEDDON C-RAM US B 1 IG PJCC SY ADMINCON: Op HATHOR, ORA, US REO, FCO POLAD 1 OPS W w w W w W B B B B B B B W W
  • 15. ORBAT LESSONS
    • Cohesion
    • Familiarity & confidence with equipment
    • Attrition
  • 16. WHERE? – THE ENVIRONENT
    • The Ground
    • The weather
    • The strategic and media environment
  • 17. TIMINYAH TANNUMAH AL HYYANIYAH AL QUIBLA JUMHURIYA ESTATES AL ASHAR QADIMAH JAMEAT BASRA PALACE PJCC COB
  • 18. Basra Palace UK Gate US Gate BG HQ (RAP) COOKHOUSE HLS 0 500 metres South Gate HLS N
  • 19. A - 1 Approaches to Basra
  • 20. 18 23 24 8 21 17 25 27 28 29 30 26 28 29 30 6 19 23 18 25 BASRA CHOKE POINTS 3 4 5 5 8 6 2 3 2 13 9 24 19 18 12 11 16 13 24 22 21 10 14 15 15 24 11 26 17 16 1 25 2 25 CONVOY ROUTE 1-WAY TRAFFIC TAI 20 PJCC 9 7 10 1 12 14 OSB BP 4
  • 21. WHERE? – THE ENVIRONENT
    • The Ground
    • The weather
    • The strategic and media environment
  • 22. VEHICLE COMMANDER
  • 23. WHERE? – THE ENVIRONENT
    • The Ground
    • The weather
    • The strategic and media environment
  • 24. WHY?
    • The Brigade Plan
  • 25. PURPOSE
    • SPLIT JAM FROM SECRET CELLS IOT
    • Enable MNF Transition
    • Set Conditions For Post MNF BASRA
    JAM SECRET CELLS
  • 26. TARGETING
  • 27. Attacks on Basra Bases
  • 28. WHAT?
    • What threats?
    • What happened?
  • 29. THE THREAT
    • Indirect Fire (Mortars & Rockets)
    • Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDS)
    • Small Arms Fire (SAF) & Rocket Propelled Grenades (RPGs)
    • Snipers
    • Direct attack
    • Kidnap
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34. THE THREAT
    • Indirect Fire (Mortars & Rockets)
    • Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDS)
    • Small Arms Fire (SAF) & Rocket Propelled Grenades (RPGs)
    • Snipers
    • Direct attack
    • Kidnap
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37. WHAT?
    • What threats?
    • What happened?
  • 38. INCOMING
    • ~ 1800 Mortar & Rocket Rounds
    • ~ 85 IED contacts; >150 identified
    • ~ 250 RPG Contacts
    • Small Arms – no tally kept!
  • 39. 1 4 RIFLES 2 RIFLES 174 19 65 38 8 0 54 86 4 0 32 44 OUTGOING (Not incl 5.56mm & 7.62mm)
  • 40. 1 Total No. of Cas: 71 % Of BG : 10.142 11 16 11 26 7 CASUALTIES
  • 41. INSIGHTS
    • Defence and Delay
    • Raiding
    • Withdrawal and Relief in Place
    • Morale
    • Leadership and Command
  • 42.  
  • 43. INSIGHTS
    • Defence and Delay
    • Raiding
    • Withdrawal and Relief in Place
    • Morale
    • Leadership and Command
  • 44. TW: POSSIBLE ASSAULT ONTO BP IDF/RPG/SRSAF on SANGERS 20 & 19 GROUND ASSAULT through South Gate KIDNAP/IO campaign GROUND ASSAULT with IED to Breach wall. RIVERINE ASSAULT
  • 45. WHEAT FACTORY RPG ALLEYS 1 3 2 NEW BUILD
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49. DEFENCE & DELAY…
    • Offensive Spirit
    • Concentration of force / Economy of effort
  • 50. 67 68 71 72 73 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 74 73 72 66 65 69 70 74 75 76 NAI 1 NAI 6 NAI 5 NAI 3 NAI 2 NAI 15 NAI 14 NAI 13 NAI 12 NAI 11 NAI 16 NAI 4 NAI 18 6 3 7 2 5 2 2 2 3 2 2 2 2 NAI 17 2 BP FP COB FP BP & COB FPs Jun - Jul 07
  • 51. ON DEFENCE & DELAY..
    • Offensive Spirit
    • Concentration of force / Economy of effort
  • 52. ON RAIDING..
    • Doctrinal – a ‘Raiding Approach’ to COIN
    • Tactical
      • Insertion / extraction
      • Risk / Reward
      • Simplicity
  • 53. OP TOCKWITH Contacts on Cordons 1 6 5 2 RV RS 3 X UKM’s setting up IED’s killed by sniper GRENADE 3 KEY SAF RPG DISRUPTED IED SRSAF IDF
  • 54. OP Tockwith Extraction. RS OP TOCKWITH Extraction KEY SAF RPG DISRUPTED IED
  • 55. ON WITHDRAWAL & RELIEF IN PLACE…
  • 56. SYNCMATRIX
  • 57.  
  • 58. SYNCMATRIX
  • 59. ON WITHDRAWAL & RELIEF IN PLACE..
  • 60.  
  • 61.  
  • 62. ON MORALE..
  • 63.
    • Kitty Dimbleby, Mail on Sunday:
    • “ It was terrifying, the fetid air filled with the smell of explosives and fear. This is all in a day’s work for the men and women at Basra Palace. Morale is often low.
  • 64.
    • Reality:
      • Robust, resilient, offensive spirit & very high morale
      • The raw material
      • ‘ Play-station generation’?
      • The worst punishment..
  • 65.  
  • 66.  
  • 67. Morale is highest the closer to danger you are..
  • 68. ON MORALE..
  • 69.
    • The object of giving medals, stars and ribbons is to give pride and pleasure to those who have deserved them. At the same time a distinction is something which everybody does not possess. If all have it, it is of less value. There must, therefore, be heart-burnings and disappointments on the borderline. A medal glitters, but it also casts a shadow. The task of drawing up regulations for such awards is one which does not admit of a perfect solution. It is not possible to satisfy everybody without running the risk of satisfying nobody. All that is possible is to give the greatest satisfaction to the greatest number and to hurt the feelings of the fewest.
    • Winston Churchill 22 March 1944
  • 70. ON LEADERSHIP & COMMAND
  • 71. Families
    • ‘ Finally at 7.30 pm my worst fears were realised when I glanced out of the sitting room window to see a blue car draw up and Capt Wells and Sgt Kendall Tobias emerge and walk down the path towards the house. Life at that point becomes rather a blur . . . Nothing in life can ever prepare one for the overwhelming shock, fear and horror that I felt. Life changed for our family in a matter of moments. I have never felt so out of control or helpless. The chilling realisation that I might never see him again was more than I could bear’
  • 72. QUESTIONS?
    • If I learned nothing else from war, it taught me the falseness of the belief that wealth, material resources, and industrial genius are the real sources of a nation’s military power. These things are but the stage setting: those who manage them but the stage crew.
    • The play’s the thing. Finally, every action large or small is decided by what happens there on the line where men take the final chance of life or death . . . And so the final and greater reality, that national strength lies only in the hearts and spirits of men.
    • SLA Marshall: Men Against Fire
  • 73.  
  • 74. Insertion Extraction X 3 X 4 X 4 Op PEWSEY 3