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This is a presentation delivered by Nancy Morgan, at the RUSI Missile Defence Conference 2014 …

This is a presentation delivered by Nancy Morgan, at the RUSI Missile Defence Conference 2014

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  • 1. Ballistic Missile Defense Overview By: Ms. Nancy E. Morgan Director for International Affairs Missile Defense Agency March 18, 2014 To: Royal United Services Institute DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Approved for Public Release 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 2. 2 The Increasing Ballistic Missile Threat • Increasing SRBM/MRBM force levels, more accurate and capable • North Korea - New IRBM in development – Commitment to long-range missile technology - Taepo Dong-2 launch in 2012 placed satellite on orbit - Unveiled the new road-mobile KN08 ICBM – Taken initial steps towards fielding Sources: NASIC, Ballistic and Cruise Missile Threat, 2009, 2013; DIA, Iran’s Military Power, Statement before the Senate Armed Services Committee, 14 APR 10; Annual Report on Military Power of Iran, April 2012, Full Update, DIA, Annual Threat Assessment 2008, 2012; DNI, Remarks, Worldwide Threat Assessment to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, 12 March 2013; DNI, Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, Covering 1 JAN to 31 DEC 2011; NSA-FCS5, e-mail, KN08 Classification, 20 Jan 2013; FARS News Agency, Korea Central News Agency, Yonhap News Agency North Korean Taepo Dong-2 SLV Launch, December 2012 North Korean KN08 ICBM Launcher on Parade, 2012 Iranian Safir SLV on launch pad, 2011 • Iran - Could develop and flight test an ICBM capable of reaching U.S. by 2015 - Safir multistage Space Launch Vehicle (SLV) could serve as a testbed for ICBM technologies North Korean Mobile IRBM on Parade, April 2012 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 3. 3 National Priorities for BMDS • Strengthen Homeland Defense - Deploy 14 additional Ground Based Interceptors at Fort Greely, Alaska by 2017 - Deploy an additional AN/TPY-2 Radar in Japan - Pursue Discrimination Improvements for Homeland Defense including – Develop and deploy a Long Range Discrimination Radar (LRDR) – Near-term and mid-term discrimination initiatives - Redesign the GBI EKV to improve reliability - Conduct Environmental Impact Statement for a potential additional GBI site in the U.S. - Pursue Science & Technology efforts to keep pace with threat • Maintain Regional Defense Commitments - Continue with deployment of Phases II & III of the European Phased Adaptive Approach - Continue procurement of SM-3 Block IB missiles and THAAD interceptors • Build Partner Capacity - Execute current FMS case - Develop future FMS opportunities - Support integration of regional Allied capabilities 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 4. 4 Homeland Defense 2014 C2BMC Sensor Shooter Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense Thule Upgraded Early Warning Radar Fylingdales Upgraded Early Warning Radar Ground- Based Midcourse Defense Fire Control Nodes Cobra Dane Upgrade Alaska Sea- Based X-band Radar Beale Upgraded Early Warning Radar AN/TPY-2 X-Band Radar Japan Space-Based Infrared Command, Control, Battle Management and Communications NORTHCOMPACOM Interceptors 4 Ground- Based 26 Ground- Based 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 5. 5 U.S. Regional Missile Defense Update Command, Control, Battle Management and Communications (C2BMC) Missile Defense Sensors - Aegis SPY-1 Radars - AN/TPY-2 Radars – Forward-Based Mode Terminal High Altitude Area Defense Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense - Standard Missile-3 (SM-3) Block IA / IB / IIA Patriot (Army Program) 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 6. 6 European Phased Adaptive Approach Update Deveselu, Romania (EPAA Phase II) (2015) Redzikowo, Poland (EPAA Phase III) (2018)Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF) HI Turkey, AN/TPY-2 Radar Deployment Moorestown, New Jersey Rota Spain, USS Donald Cook (DDG 57) 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 7. 7 FTM-20 12 February 2013 Aegis BMD 4.0 and SM-3 Block IA missile engagement of an MRBM target with using C2BMC system tracks based on STSS-D Not to Scale ARAV-C PMRF SPAWAR Link-16 STSSSTSS 4.0.2 CG 3.6.1.2 DDG Aegis BMD 4.0 and a SM-3 Block IB missile engagement of a complex separating SRBM target FTM-19 15 May 2013 Not to Scale ARAV TTO-E PMRF Link-16 4.0.2 CG SPAWAR San Diego FTM-22 3 October 2013 Aegis BMD 4.0.2 and SM-3 Block IB missile engagement of an MRBM target Aegis BMD 4.0.2 and a SM-3 Block IB missile engagement of a complex SRBM target using Salvo firing doctrine Not to Scale ARAV-C++ PMRF Link-16 4.0.2 CG SPAWAR San Diego FTM-21 18 September 2013 Aegis SM-3 Block IA and THAAD Intercepts Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense Flight Tests Regional Ballistic Missile Defense 10 September 2013 Regional Ballistic Missile Defense – Flight Tests 2013 – USS Decatur AEGIS 3.6.2 Engages MRBM #1Fire Control Officer Hickam Air Operations Center AN/TPY-2 Forward-Based Mode (FBM) (Cueing Sensor via C2BMC) THAAD Engages MRBM #2 Engages MRBM #1 (if required) 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 8. 8 FTM-22-FY14 Ballistic Missile Defense Flight Testing - Regional – Fiscal Year 2014 Through 2015 – Aegis BMD SM-3 Block IIA Missile Controlled Test Vehicle Operational test of the SM-3 Blk IB ------------------------ Simulated engagement of SRBMs in a raid scenario FTX-18-FY14 FTX-20 FY15 FTM-24 FY15 FTX-21 FY15 FTM-25 FY15 THAAD fielded configuration engagement of a IRBM; THAAD Lot 4 Interceptor Test FTT-18 - FY15 FTM-26 FY15 AA CTV-01 FY14 Defense of the Fleet Aegis Ashore, Aegis BMD 5.0 / SM-3 Block IB Operational Tests FTO-02 Event 1 FY15 FTO-02 Event 2 FY15European Phased Adaptive Approach Architecture Integrated Regional Theater BMDS Test SCDCTV-01 FY15 SCDCTV-02 FY15 Legend Test Types Test Constructs (e.g. FTG-09) FT: Flight Test G Ground-Based Interceptor M Standard Missile O Operational Test X Tracking Exercise CTV Controlled Test Vehicle EKV Exo-atmospheric Kill Vehicle SRBM/MRBM/IRBM Short-, Medium-, Intermediate-, Range Ballistic Missile SCD SM-3 Cooperative Development THAAD   14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 9. 9 United Arab Emirates: Foreign Military Sales cases for THAAD and PAC-3 Israel: Arrow Deployed, Arrow System Improvement Program; development of David’s Sling Weapon System; Iron Dome Qatar: Missile defense discussions Middle East Kuwait: Missile defense discussions Italy: BMD Framework Partner Denmark: BMD Framework Partner; Thule Upgraded Early Warning Radar; RDT&E Cooperative Project Poland: Agreed to host Aegis Ashore Czech Republic: BMD Framework Partner; University to University Research Netherlands: PAC-3; Maritime BMD studies France: University to University Research; Cooperative R&D Agreement NATO: NATO BMD Interim Capability ; ALTBMD; BMD (Territorial Missile Defense); Interoperability Tests with EPAA International Partners Europe Romania: Agreed to host Aegis Ashore Japan: BMD Framework Partner; AN/TPY-2 radar host, 21" Missile Development; 4 Aegis BMD capable ships Australia: BMD Framework Partner; R&D Cooperative Project ROK: Missile defense discussions Asia / Pacific Engagement / Outreach Missile Defense Analysis Cooperative Missile Defense Projects Co-development Deployment UK: BMD Framework Partner; Fylingdales Upgraded Early Warning Radar, Joint Project Arrangements for Cooperative R&D Projects Turkey: AN/TPY-2 radar host, University to University Research Germany: PAC-3 Saudi Arabia: Missile defense discussions; PAC-3 purchase Spain: Hosting BMD-capable ships to support NATO BMD and other missions 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 10. 10 Summary • Balance of capabilities, requirements, and risks to deter aggression, project power, and protect U.S. and allied interests • Deployment of capabilities ongoing to respond to warfighter requirements • Developing, building and using a global C2 and sensor network • Operationally realistic, integrated testing • Continued cooperation with allies and partners for interoperable missile defense Missile Defense Capability – Globally Deployed 14-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)
  • 11. 1114-MDA-7723 (6 March 14)