Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
byby Basudev UpadhyayBasudev Upadhyay
basudev@crtnepal.orgbasudev@crtnepal.org
Regional C...
CRT/N IntroductionCRT/N Introduction
 Establishment
◦ Initiated as a private sector organisation in 1989
◦ Registered as ...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
Technologies of CRT/NTechnologies of CRT/N
Biomass-based technologies
 Household/ Instit...
Achievements on ICS Sector
1. More than 702223 HH- ICS, MICS and IICS so
far promoted with support from government of
Nepa...
 17000 ICS of various types promoted by the year 2000
 209,615 fixed mud and metallic made ICS were installed under BESP...
Current CRT/N’s Major ICS programCurrent CRT/N’s Major ICS program
 Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC)’s
Energy S...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
Hydro-Based TechnologiesHydro-Based Technologies
• Improved water mill
– Short Shaft for ...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
Biomass-Based TechnologiesBiomass-Based Technologies
• Improved cookstoves
– Fixed type a...
 Composition: mud brick, iron rods
 Supply: on site construction
 Model: House hold and Institutional ,
1-3 pothole, (p...
Organization Activities Biomass-Based
Technologies contd... Design Promoted under ICF
Metal-Mud Rocket Stove-one pot hole
...
Organization Activities Biomass-Based Technologies
contd... Design promoted under REFEL
Composition: mud brick, iron
rods
...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
Organization ActivitiesOrganization Activities Biomass-BasedBiomass-Based
Technologies co...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
Ensuring Quality of StovesEnsuring Quality of Stoves
 Users/promoters/LPOs/ are trained ...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
ChallengesChallenges
When developing the stove models
manufacture/disseminated the challe...
 Users’ education is crucial for creating demand and sustainable use
of ICS.
 Suitable ICS models are required for creat...
Conclusions and Next StepConclusions and Next Step
 Contribute towards achieving Govt’s targets on rural and renewable en...
Partnership for Clean Indoor Air
Thank you
Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
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CRT/N expertise in Renewable Energy Technology (Lunch time presentation at Stove Design and Performance Testing Workshop 9-13 September 2013)

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CRT/N expertise in Renewable Energy Technology (Lunch time presentation at Stove Design and Performance Testing Workshop 9-13 September 2013)

  1. 1. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air byby Basudev UpadhyayBasudev Upadhyay basudev@crtnepal.orgbasudev@crtnepal.org Regional CookstovesTesting and Knowledge Centre (RTKC)Regional CookstovesTesting and Knowledge Centre (RTKC) Centre for Rural Technology, NepalCentre for Rural Technology, Nepal USEPA/Winrock/ARC/AEPC/CRTN/RETS Stoves Design andUSEPA/Winrock/ARC/AEPC/CRTN/RETS Stoves Design and Modification TrainingModification Training 9-13 September 20139-13 September 2013 Introducing Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal ..Centre of excellence in biomass technologies Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  2. 2. CRT/N IntroductionCRT/N Introduction  Establishment ◦ Initiated as a private sector organisation in 1989 ◦ Registered as a national NGO in 1998  Aim ◦ Develop, promote and disseminate environmentally sound rural/appropriate technologies  Staff Strength ◦ Around 60+ (Engineers, Environmentalists, Technicians; Management Experts; Socio-economists; Gender Experts)  Office Units ◦ 3 Regional Unit covering 40+ districts under various programs/projects  Major Areas of Operation ◦ Renewable energy technologies for increasing access to modern energy ◦ Renewable energy based micro-enterprises ◦ Gender mainstreaming and social inclusion Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  3. 3. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air Technologies of CRT/NTechnologies of CRT/N Biomass-based technologies  Household/ Institutional Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS/IICS), rocket stove  Bio-briquette/Charcoal Hydro-based technologies  ImprovedWater Mill (IWM), electrification  Hydraulic Ram Pump Solar-based technologies  Solar cookers  Solar dryers Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  4. 4. Achievements on ICS Sector 1. More than 702223 HH- ICS, MICS and IICS so far promoted with support from government of Nepal and other organizations in the country to save fuel wood, particularly to improve indoor air pollution and rural health. 2. With support from Nepal GoN, and other organizations CRT/N alone has promoted about 2,55,000 improved cook stoves of various types (mud and metallic) in more than 36 districts particularly in mid hill and few in plain area of Nepal . Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  5. 5.  17000 ICS of various types promoted by the year 2000  209,615 fixed mud and metallic made ICS were installed under BESP (as of Dec, 2012 )  14373 fixed mud made ICS installed under Terai ICS carbon project (with ceramic combustion Chamber) as of Dec,2012  2100 fixed mud made ICS installed under LFP (with ceramic combustion Chamber)  1701 fixed mud made ICS installed under Chitwan Carbon project (with ceramic combustion Chamber)  2006 Rocket stoves installed under ICF supported by SNV in FWDR(with metallic combustion Chamber) 2043 ICS installed under Renewable Energy for far west under REFFEL ( fixed mud type ICS with grate) as of Dec,2012. Achievement on ICS sector Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  6. 6. Current CRT/N’s Major ICS programCurrent CRT/N’s Major ICS program  Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC)’s Energy Sector Assistance Programme (ESAP) supported Biomass Energy Support Programme, (since 2001)  UK based EGLURO pre financed, Efficient Fuel-wood Cooking Stoves in Foothills and Plains of Central Region of Nepal (since 2010)  Promoting Renewable Energy Technologies for Enhanced Rural Livelihoods (REFEL) Project with support from Nordic Environment Finance Corporation (NEFCO) in partnership with Finnish Consulting Group Ltd. (FCG), Finland (Since 2011)  With support from Netherlands Development Organization (SNV) Improved Cook stoves Programme with Carbon Finance (ICF) (since Sept, 2012)  Establishment of Regional Testing and Knowledge Centre in CRT/N(since Nov,2012) Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  7. 7. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air Hydro-Based TechnologiesHydro-Based Technologies • Improved water mill – Short Shaft for grinding – Long Shaft for grinding and other end uses – electrification – About 8,000 promoted • Hydraulic Ram Pump – Water lifting for drinking, sanitation and irrigation Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  8. 8. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air Biomass-Based TechnologiesBiomass-Based Technologies • Improved cookstoves – Fixed type and portable type – Household and institutional • Bio briquette – For cooking and heating Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  9. 9.  Composition: mud brick, iron rods  Supply: on site construction  Model: House hold and Institutional , 1-3 pothole, (plain and raised types),,  Size: Adjustable  Efficiency: 20-22% (approx.)  Fuel saving: 30-40% (approx.)  Effective life: 3-4 years.  No direct incentives to users Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  10. 10. Organization Activities Biomass-Based Technologies contd... Design Promoted under ICF Metal-Mud Rocket Stove-one pot hole Rocket Stove two pot hole with chimney  fixed type hybrid rocket stoves with single and double pothole  made from mud bricks with metallic combustion chamber.  efficiency of these stoves are in the range 34-36 % under lab test  fuel saving up to 60% (under lab test)  emit less of the harmful smoke Metallic combustion chamber Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  11. 11. Organization Activities Biomass-Based Technologies contd... Design promoted under REFEL Composition: mud brick, iron rods Supply: on site construction Model: House hold 1-2 pothole (plain and raised types),, Size: Adjustable Efficiency: 20-22% (approx.) Fuel saving: 30-40% (approx.) Effective life: 3-4 years. Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  12. 12. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air Organization ActivitiesOrganization Activities Biomass-BasedBiomass-Based Technologies contd...Technologies contd... Stoves TestingStoves Testing StoveTesting Services Lab/FieldTest (WBT) • Efficiency • Total Emissions (CO, CO2, PM2.5) • Safety After the training CCT Rocket stoves promoted under ICF programme has been modifeied for efficiency, durability as well as emissions
  13. 13. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air Ensuring Quality of StovesEnsuring Quality of Stoves  Users/promoters/LPOs/ are trained for manufacturing, taking care of quality control and they are the ones who would be trouble shooting in need  Technological development leading to modification of stoves involves the periodic surveys, periodic observation and replication of the learning for a better model Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  14. 14. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air ChallengesChallenges When developing the stove models manufacture/disseminated the challenges considered are  Cost of the stove  user behavior  socio-economic considerations  geographical location  and the efficiency of the stoves Testing has helped address these challenges considerably – For the RS Model (promoted through ICF) The testing and retesting using LEMS has helped gain the durably/efficiency of the stoves Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  15. 15.  Users’ education is crucial for creating demand and sustainable use of ICS.  Suitable ICS models are required for creating larger demand at rural community level.  More support and efforts are required to serve people in remote areas of the country.  Continuous follow up and monitoring is vital.  ICS promotion activities coupled with fuel wood/kitchen management and household sanitation would add the value and increases demand. Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  16. 16. Conclusions and Next StepConclusions and Next Step  Contribute towards achieving Govt’s targets on rural and renewable energy under the new national framework called National Rural &Renewable Energy Programme (NRREP), initiated by Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) from mid 2012 for 5 years.  Develop CRT/N as Centre for Excellency on Biomass Technology. • Promote more CDM projects, emphasize on global issues such as climate change and sustainable development • Establish RTKC as:  regional hub for information sharing with regional and global ICS partners/ development agencies  Recognised research and development centre with Stoves Testing Facility Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
  17. 17. Partnership for Clean Indoor Air Thank you Centre for Rural Technology, Nepal (CRT/N)
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