Karuna Bajracharya, National adviser
Alternative Energy Promotion Centre
Clean Cooking Solutions for All in
Nepalese Conte...
Nepal: Country Background - 1
2
• Area: 147,181 sq. km
• Population: 26.494 million (CBS, 2012)
• Households: 5.427 millio...
Alternative Energy Promotion
Centre
 Established on November 3, 1996
 Currently under the Ministry of Science, Technolog...
4
Traditional Cooking Stoves
5
Household Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS): Mud type
1 pot hole 2 pot hole plane
2 pot hole raised
3 pot hole plane 3 pot h...
6
3 pot hole with water tank
3 pot hole with ash tray
2 pot hole with ash tray
3 pot hole without water tank 2 pot hole wi...
AEPC/ESAP Promoted
Model III
AEPC/ESAP Promoted
Model II
AEPC/ESAP Promoted
Model I
7
Institutional ICS
Improved Cooking Stove (ICS) Initiatives in Nepal
• Introduced since 1950s
• Community Forestry Development Program (1980-...
Key achievements
Strong local network of service providers
16+ RSCs, 250+ LPOs+DSCs; 32 MICS manufacturers
10,000+ trai...
Number of Households by Usual Type of Cooking Fuel
Data source: CBS, 2012
Ecological Belt Firewood Cow Dung
Mountain (8.6%...
Clean Cooking Solutions for all by 2017
20-27 Jan 2013 (07-13 Magh 2069)
Technology Options for CCS4ALL
1. Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS): mud & metallic
 Efficient burning of solid biomass & red...
Scenario for 100% coverage
15
National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme,
NRREP(2012-17)
1. Central Renewable Energy Fund (CREF) Component
2. Technic...
Policy Environment
• Rural Energy Policy, 2006 => Renewable Energy
Policy, 2013
• Renewable Energy Subsidy Policy, 2013
• ...
Approaches
Joint muti-stakeholder coordination platform
Dedicated unit within AEPC
Monitoring against national baseline...
Progress so far
Interest from private sector and investors
Stimulating response from Development Partners
Positive init...
The strategic intent of NACC is to coordinate efforts
and create synergies for providing Clean Cooking
Solutions for All ...
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
SNV
Nepal Services
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Practical Action
1
2
3
4
IUCN
11
22
33
44
55
66
WINROCK
1
2
3
ECCA
11
22
Ex...
http://nepalcookstoves.org/
Thank You!
23
7. Clean Cooking Solutions for All in Nepalese Context
7. Clean Cooking Solutions for All in Nepalese Context
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7. Clean Cooking Solutions for All in Nepalese Context

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National Workshop on Standards and Testing of Cookstoves in Nepal
25 July 2013, Hotel Himalaya, Kathmandu, Nepal
Policy session
Presenter: Karuna Bajracharya, National adviser
Alternative Energy Promotion Centre

Published in: Technology, Business
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7. Clean Cooking Solutions for All in Nepalese Context

  1. 1. Karuna Bajracharya, National adviser Alternative Energy Promotion Centre Clean Cooking Solutions for All in Nepalese Context National workshop on standards and testing of cookstoves in Nepal 25 July 2013
  2. 2. Nepal: Country Background - 1 2 • Area: 147,181 sq. km • Population: 26.494 million (CBS, 2012) • Households: 5.427 million (including 5.423 million individual HHs & 4 thousand institutional HHs) (CBS, 2012) • Rural/urban population ratio: 83/17 (CBS, 2012) • Energy Sector: Energy consumption: 401 million GJ/Year (WECS, 2010) Electricity access: 67% HHs (CBS, 2012) Inadequate power supply (scheduled power cuts) Petroleum: 100% imported Heavy reliance on traditional biomass energy
  3. 3. Alternative Energy Promotion Centre  Established on November 3, 1996  Currently under the Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment  Semi autonomous status; Board represented by public sector, private sector & financial sector  Working as a national focal agency for alternative/ renewable energy in Nepal.  Mandate: policy and plan formulation, resource mobilization, technical support, M&E, standardization, quality assurance & coordination  Subsidy and financial Assistance  Institutional and organizational strengthening of stakeholders in the renewable energy sector  Centre for excellence: micro hydro, biogas
  4. 4. 4 Traditional Cooking Stoves
  5. 5. 5 Household Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS): Mud type 1 pot hole 2 pot hole plane 2 pot hole raised 3 pot hole plane 3 pot hole raised Multipurpose Rocket
  6. 6. 6 3 pot hole with water tank 3 pot hole with ash tray 2 pot hole with ash tray 3 pot hole without water tank 2 pot hole without water tan Household ICS: Metallic type
  7. 7. AEPC/ESAP Promoted Model III AEPC/ESAP Promoted Model II AEPC/ESAP Promoted Model I 7 Institutional ICS
  8. 8. Improved Cooking Stove (ICS) Initiatives in Nepal • Introduced since 1950s • Community Forestry Development Program (1980-91): distribution of prefabricated ICS free of cost; no skill transfer at local level; lack of ownership • In govt. plan since 7th Plan (1985-90); Current 3-Year Plan (2010-13) target – 300,000 ICS • Built-on-site ICS design by RECAST/TU in 1990s • AEPC-executed Energy Sector Assistance Program, ESAP (1999-2012) • Emerging ICS projects, with or without carbon funding • National Rural & Renewable Energy Programme, NRREP (2012-17) – Biomass Energy Subcomponent 8
  9. 9. Key achievements Strong local network of service providers 16+ RSCs, 250+ LPOs+DSCs; 32 MICS manufacturers 10,000+ trained ICS technicians (Stove Masters); ~50% women; ~40% certified promoters (quality stove builders active in business) 720,000+ HHs benefitted through ICS, MICS & IICS Standardized guidelines & implementation framework Institutional partnership from national to local level Local capacity for dissemination of 100,000 ICS/Year Carbon project (PoA ICS) under validation 9
  10. 10. Number of Households by Usual Type of Cooking Fuel Data source: CBS, 2012 Ecological Belt Firewood Cow Dung Mountain (8.6%) 344,843 1,517 Hill (42.1%) 1,696,376 2,810 Terai (49.3%) 1,429,005 558,799 Total(100%) 3,470,224 563,126 Grand Total 4,033,350
  11. 11. Clean Cooking Solutions for all by 2017 20-27 Jan 2013 (07-13 Magh 2069)
  12. 12. Technology Options for CCS4ALL 1. Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS): mud & metallic  Efficient burning of solid biomass & reduction in IAP; progress so far (May 2013): 725,000+ 1. Biogas  Replacing the solid biomass fuel; complements with ICS (e.g., biogas is for cooking food & ICS for animal feed); Progress so far (May 2013): ~ 300,000 1. Solar cookers  Alternative cooking technology option in specific regions (e.g., trekking routes); Progress so far (May 2013): 600+ 1. Briquettes, gasifiers & electricity based cooking 14 “ICS is 1st choice to reach another 3 million HHs !”
  13. 13. Scenario for 100% coverage 15
  14. 14. National Rural and Renewable Energy Programme, NRREP(2012-17) 1. Central Renewable Energy Fund (CREF) Component 2. Technical Supports (TS) Component 2.1 Biogas Subcomponent (Biogas) 2.2 Biomass Energy Subcomponent (ICS, briquettes, gasifiers) 2.3 Solar Energy Subcomponent (Solar cookers) 2.4 Community Electrification Subcomponent (Electricity-based cooking) 2.5 Institutional Development Subcomponent  2.5.1 Institutional Support  2.5.2 Monitoring  2.5.3 Gender and Social Inclusion 2.6 Climate and Carbon Subcomponent 3. Business Development for RE and Productive Energy Use (PEU) Component 16 •National Framework Programme of GoN implemented by AEPC and supported by a number of development partners •Components/Subcomponents:
  15. 15. Policy Environment • Rural Energy Policy, 2006 => Renewable Energy Policy, 2013 • Renewable Energy Subsidy Policy, 2013 • Renewable Energy Subsidy Delivery Mechanism, 2013 • Provision of indirect incentive through Value Added Tax and Customs Duty Exemption 17
  16. 16. Approaches Joint muti-stakeholder coordination platform Dedicated unit within AEPC Monitoring against national baseline Targeted capacity building for service delivery Active engagement of local bodies, private sector, development partners & stakeholders National coordinated localized campaign Clustered approach Commitment of partners (for conceptualization & implementation) Multiple partnership modalities to cooperate in different support areas 18
  17. 17. Progress so far Interest from private sector and investors Stimulating response from Development Partners Positive initiatives from carbon project developers National ICS Forum (NIF) => National Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (NACC) Successful organization of Clean Cookstoves Market Place 2013, an important platform for sharing of experiences & for coming up with new resolutions 19
  18. 18. The strategic intent of NACC is to coordinate efforts and create synergies for providing Clean Cooking Solutions for All by 2017  Coordinating Sector Knowledge  Collaboration Platform  Creating Enabling Environment For more information visit http://nepalcookstoves.org/ Nepal Alliance for Clean Cookstoves (NACC)
  19. 19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 SNV Nepal Services 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Practical Action 1 2 3 4 IUCN 11 22 33 44 55 66 WINROCK 1 2 3 ECCA 11 22 Exciting response form various National and International NGOs and Carbon Financing Programmes
  20. 20. http://nepalcookstoves.org/
  21. 21. Thank You! 23

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