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Adhd
 

Adhd

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  • http://adc.bmj.com/content/90/suppl_1/i2.full
  • http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2008/long-term-academic-effects-of-childs-adhd-may-extend-to-siblings.shtml
  • http://www.uptodate.com/contents/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-features-and-evaluation
  • http://millereducationalexcellence.com/adhd-add-autism-learning-disabilities/understanding-mental-skills-affected-by-add-adhd

Adhd Adhd Presentation Transcript

  • ADHDBy Regina Salice
  • ADHD• Attention Deficit Hyperactivity • According to the Learning Disorder Disabilities Association of America, it is estimated that• Affects children and adolescents between 3% to 5% of kids have and can continue into adulthood ADHD or approximately 2 million for some children in the United States.• It is the most common • Also, many children with neurobehavioral disorder among ADHD, approximately 20 to 30 children percent also have a specific learning disability.• Increased risk of childhood depression & anxiety disorders CITE: Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD). (n.d.). Retrieved 2011, from Learning Disabilities Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/adh d.asp
  • Symptoms For Children For Adults• Inattention • Anxiety• Hyperactivity • Procrastination• Impulsivity • Mood swings • Chronic boredom
  • Causes• Heredity• Chemical Imbalance• Brain Changes• Poor Nutrition, Infections and Substance Abuse• Exposure to Toxins• Injury to the Brain or a Brain Disorder
  • Effects on Student • Social problems • Sleep Issues• Low self esteem • Poor Handwriting• Learning disabilities • Disorganized• Academic struggles • Note taking, study• In ability to focus and pay skills, and time attention management
  • Effects on Family• Parental stress• Anxiety• Attention• Discipline• Finances
  • Effects on School• Most children with ADHD are educated in standard classrooms• Some are better in more structured environment.• Special education is a type of schooling that is tailored to meet the specific needs of children with learning disabilities or behavioral disorders• Not all children with ADHD qualify for special education Cite: Special Education For ADHD. (2011). Retrieved from Webmd website: http://www.webmd.com/add- adhd/ss/slideshow-adhd-in-children
  • Ability to Learn• Planning & Prioritizing • Self-Regulation of Affect• Time Management • Task Initiation• Organization • Disengaging Attention• Memory • Goal-Directed Persistence• Metacognition • Sustained Attention• Flexibility • Regulation of Processing Speed• Response Inhibition
  • Treatment: Medications Stimulants Non-Stimulants• Methylphenidate • Atomoxetine (brand (e.g., Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate) name: Strattera)• Dexmethylphenidate (e.g. Focalin) • Modafinil (brand name:• Amphetamine / Dextroamphetamine (e.g., Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat Provigil) )• Lisdexamfetamine (e.g., Vyvanse)
  • Treatment AlternativesTherapy & Counseling• Monitor Behavior• Builds Strengths• Sets structure
  • Educational Trends• For students who have difficulty organizing time, materials and information, a variety of approaches can be used, including:• a quiet, uncluttered homework space;• alarm watch;• purchased texts that can be marked with a highlighter;• a homework assignment diary coordinated between home and school;• study skills instruction; and CITE: Accommodations, Techniques and Aids For Learning. (2011). Retrieved from Learning Disabilities• a personally-developed date-book or scheduler. Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teac hers/understanding/accommodation s.asp
  • References• About AD/HD Causes and Brain Chemistry. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Resource Center on AD/HD website: http://www.help4adhd.org/en/about/causes• Accommodations, Techniques and Aids For Learning. (2011). Retrieved from Learning Disabilities Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/accommodations.asp• ADHD May Have Lingering Effects. (2012, October 16). Retrieved from CNN website: http://www.cnn.com/2012/10/16/health/adhd-long-term-effects/index.html• Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD). (n.d.). Retrieved 2011, from Learning Disabilities Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/adhd.asp• Fowler, M. (2002). ADHD: School Issues and Interventions. Retrieved from Family Education website: http://school.familyeducation.com/add-and-adhd/learning- disabilities/57658.html
  • CONT.• Harpin, V. A., Dr. (n.d.). The effect of ADHD on the life of an individual, their family, and community from preschool to adult life. Disease In Childhood, 90(1). Retrieved from http://adc.bmj.com/content/90/suppl_1/i2.full• How to treat AD/HD. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Center for Learning Disabilities website: http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/adhd-related-issues/adhd/how-to-treat-adhd• Miller, K., Dr. (2011). Understanding the Mental Skills Affected by ADD and ADHD. Retrieved from Miller Educational Excellence website: http://millereducationalexcellence.com/adhd-add-autism- learning-disabilities/understanding-mental-skills-affected-by-add-adhd• Sousa, D. A. (2007). How The Special Needs Brain Learns (Second ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.• Special Education For ADHD. (2011). Retrieved from Webmd website: http://www.webmd.com/add- adhd/ss/slideshow-adhd-in-children• Symptoms and Types. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Center for Learning Disabilities website: http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/adhd-related-issues/adhd/adhd-general-information