Pictures

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Pictures

  1. 1. Modest Mussorgsky Pictures at an Exhibition
  2. 2. EXPLORE
  3. 3. EXPLORE Modest Mussorgsky (1839 – 1881) was an innovator of Russian music in the Romantic Period
  4. 4. EXPLORE Modest Mussorgsky (1839 – 1881) was an innovator of Russian music in the Romantic Period Much of his music was inspired by Russian history and folklore – he was a nationalist composer
  5. 5. EXPLORE Modest Mussorgsky (1839 – 1881) was an innovator of Russian music in the Romantic Period Much of his music was inspired by Russian history and folklore – he was a nationalist composer He was great friends with Victor Hartmann, a Russian artist and architect, who also strived to celebrate Russia in everything he created
  6. 6. EXPLORE Modest Mussorgsky (1839 – 1881) was an innovator of Russian music in the Romantic Period Much of his music was inspired by Russian history and folklore – he was a nationalist composer He was great friends with Victor Hartmann, a Russian artist and architect, who also strived to celebrate Russia in everything he created When Victor died suddenly at the age of 39, the Russian art world organised an exhibition of over 400 of his paintings
  7. 7. EXPLORE Mussorgsky attended the exhibition (in 1874) and within six weeks he had composed Pictures at an Exhibition in Victor Hartmann’s honour
  8. 8. EXPLORE Mussorgsky attended the exhibition (in 1874) and within six weeks he had composed Pictures at an Exhibition in Victor Hartmann’s honour The music depicts an imaginary tour of an art exhibition and each movement relates to a title of one of Victor’s paintings
  9. 9. EXPLORE Mussorgsky attended the exhibition (in 1874) and within six weeks he had composed Pictures at an Exhibition in Victor Hartmann’s honour The music depicts an imaginary tour of an art exhibition and each movement relates to a title of one of Victor’s paintings Sadly, many of the paintings at the exhibition were lost and only five out a possible ten can be attributed to a movement in Pictures
  10. 10. EXPLORE Mussorgsky attended the exhibition (in 1874) and within six weeks he had composed Pictures at an Exhibition in Victor Hartmann’s honour The music depicts an imaginary tour of an art exhibition and each movement relates to a title of one of Victor’s paintings Sadly, many of the paintings at the exhibition were lost and only five out a possible ten can be attributed to a movement in Pictures Pictures was originally written just for piano but Maurice Ravel orchestrated it for symphony orchestra in 1922
  11. 11. EXPLORE As well as ten different movements with titles relating to various Hartmann drawings and watercolours, there are four interludes which Mussorgsky entitled Promenade, each with the same melody
  12. 12. EXPLORE As well as ten different movements with titles relating to various Hartmann drawings and watercolours, there are four interludes which Mussorgsky entitled Promenade, each with the same melody The character of each Promenade though is different and Mussorgsky himself describes them as: ‘Roving through the exhibition, now leisurely, now briskly, in order to come close to a picture that has attracted my attention, and at time times sadly, thinking of my departed friend.’
  13. 13. EXPERIENCE
  14. 14. EXPERIENCE This is the Promenade theme which is introduced by solo trumpet: Click here to listen:
  15. 15. EXPERIENCE This is the Promenade theme which is introduced by solo trumpet: Click here to listen: The steady pulse and irregular metre of the Promenade theme are supposed to depict the act of walking
  16. 16. EXPERIENCE This is the Promenade theme which is introduced by solo trumpet: Click here to listen: The steady pulse and irregular metre of the Promenade theme are supposed to depict the act of walking Later on in Pictures, as the theme evolves, it also starts to feature in the main movements
  17. 17. EXPERIENCE The five movements whose Hartmann pictures have survived are:
  18. 18. Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks This was Hartmann’s design for the set of a scene from the ballet Trilby
  19. 19. Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuÿle Based on two separate paintings called the Rich Jew and the Poor Jew
  20. 20. The Catacombs (deep underground in Paris, by torchlight)
  21. 21. The Hut on Chicken's Legs (Baba-Yagá) Baba-Yagá was a witch from Russian folklore who flew around on her broom stick collecting children to eat for dinner. She lived in a hut that stood on chicken legs
  22. 22. The Great Gate of Kiev This was a design that Hartmann made for the entrance to the Ukrainian city of Kiev
  23. 23. RESPOND Listen to some of the movements from Pictures, especially those with pictures associated with them
  24. 24. RESPOND Listen to some of the movements from Pictures, especially those with pictures associated with them Choose one and write a paragraph about its style, composition and performance Think of as many concepts as you can that you hear in the music but also comment on how the way the music is composed conjures up the image that Hartmann portrays in his picture Don’t forget to comment on instrumentation, textures, dynamics and tempo
  25. 25. STOP PRESS!! Calling all budding artists We need paintings, drawings and sculptures inspired by Mussorgsky’s music to display on screen during the concerts The movements to focus on are Gnomus, Bydlo, Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks, Baba-Yagá and The Great Gate of Kiev Once your work of art is finished all you have to do is send us a high resolution photo For more info contact: lyn.underwood@rsno.org.uk

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