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Subject verb agreement

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An introduction to subject-verb agreement rules.

An introduction to subject-verb agreement rules.

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  • 1. SUBJECT- VERBAGREEMENTC an’t they all jus t get along?
  • 2. Youtube clips to start http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UelAAu-g3Mc&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J9hSgVHETPA&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wureAATyXuk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxmDmIkWqag good
  • 3. SUBJECT – VERB AGREEMENT Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural).   S ingular s ubjects take s ingular verbs  Plural s ubjec ts take plural verbs
  • 4. WORKING IN THE PRESENTTENSEIn present tenses, nouns and verbs form plurals in ‘opposite’ ways: Singular subject = ADD an ‘S’ to the VERB Plural subject = NO ‘S’ on the VERB  All will become clear – promise!
  • 5. SINGLE SUBJECTS + SINGLEVERBS Single Subject Single VerbThe dog chases the cat.The student works hard.Susan drives to work.
  • 6. PLURAL SUBJECTS + PLURALVERBS Plural Subject Plural VerbThe dogs chase the cat.The students work hard.Susan and Karen drive to work.
  • 7. BE, DO, HAVE, GO, TEACHThe bag is on the floor. The bags are on the floor.Barry does a great job. The workers do a great job.Aadesh has three cats. The neighbours have three cats.Bella goes swimming once a week. Bella and Darcy go swimming once a week.Paul teaches Bella to swim. Paul and Mary teach Bella to swim.
  • 8. AGREEMENT IN NUMBERChoose correct form:  TheHendersons is/are at the movie theater.  The boxes has/have arrived from Spain.  The actor is/are reciting his lines.
  • 9. PHRASES  Sometimes a phrase will come between the subject and verb, but don’t let this confuse you! You still only need the subject and verb agree. The students at school has/have many different jobs. Members of the club make/makes sandwiches at a shelter.
  • 10. WATCH OUT FOR COMPOUNDSUBJECTS When the parts of a compound subject are joined by "and," treat the subject as plural, even if the individual parts are singular. Which sentence is correct? Danny and Rolando gets their share of rebounds. Danny and Rolando get their share of rebounds.
  • 11. SUBJECTS JOINED BY ‘OR’ OR ‘NO R’ When the parts of subject are joined by "or" or "nor," let the subject part nearest the verb determine whether the verb is singular or plural. Which sentences are correct?  Either the table or the chairs needs moving.  Either the table or the chairs need moving.  Neither the chairs nor the table needs moving.  Neither the chairs nor the table need moving.
  • 12. DONT BE MISLED BY FALSESUBJECTS Ignore phrases or clauses that come between the subject and verb. What do we place in the gap here – has or have?  The cracked windshield, in addition to the torn upholstery and rusted body, __________ made Ruth’s old car difficult to sell. Which sentence is correct?  Forgetting your tickets cause problems.  Forgetting your tickets causes problems.
  • 13. WATCH OUT FOR COLLECTIVENOUNS Words such as group, jury, crowd, team, and committee can be singular or plural depending on the meaning of the subject.For example: The jury has awarded compensation to the victim.The jury is acting as one unit; therefore, the verb is singular. The jury members have been arguing for days.The jury members are acting as individuals; therefore, the verb is plural.
  • 14. PLURAL SUBJECTS - SINGULAR OR PLURALMEANING  Words such as mathematics, politics, economics take a singular or plural verb, depending on meaning.  Politics is an interesting subject. Politics is a single topic; therefore, the sentence has a singular verb.  The politics of the situation are complicated. Politics refers to many aspects; therefore, the sentence has a plural verb.
  • 15. PLURAL SUBJECTS WITH PLURALMEANINGWords such as scissors and trousers have a plural meaning and take a plural verb. The scissors are on the table.In the following example, the subject of the sentence is pair. We see this as one pair and therefore the subject in singular. The pair of scissors is on the table.More than one pair… The two pairs of scissors are on the table.
  • 16. SINGULAR INDEFINITE PRONOUNS The following words are treated as singular subjects and take singular verbs.anyone anybody anything oneeveryone everybody everything eachsomeone somebody something eitherno one nobody nothing neither Each of the students is responsible for doing work in the library. Neither of the tables is laid.
  • 17. PLURAL INDEFINITEPRONOUNS The following words are treated as plural subjects and take plural verbs several few both many For example: Several of the students are in the library.
  • 18. TASK1. The big tree with all the trimmings (make/makes) the holidays special.3. My brothers and sisters (enjoy/enjoys) mathematics.5. Neither the director or actors (is/are) following the lines properly.7. Neither the actors or director (is/are) following the lines properly.
  • 19. TASK1. The committee (believe/believes) that waiting until everyone arrives is important.3. The committee (come/comes) from all parts of the city, so we usually start late.5. Each of those opera singers regularly (hit/hits) notes high enough to break glass.7. The pair of tweezers (is/are) on the dresser.9. The tweezers (is/are) on the dresser.