View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Many of our digital photos and data will not survive into the future
If you don’t learn how to do it correctly now, you will have to redo it all later.
Our Heirlooms, Our Heritage, Our Treasures Our family photographs are heirlooms that we treasure and protect, with the intent of passing them on to future generations so that they may see and feel, as we do, the reality of their heritage. But many of these unique and irreplaceable images will not survive into the future, for lack of proper preservation. Nor do all genealogists make full use of photos as they could, to document and illustrate their family history. DID YOU KNOW: Many of those ink jet printers today (even the “photo printers”) have a printed shelf life of less than 20 years?
Photos as Artifacts Photographs have a dual identity, first as objects and artifacts, and secondly as images. For antique photographs, the material object is a unique and irreplaceable item that needs careful handling and preservation to ensure its future existence. What should you do? Make copies (scans) of original photo to display—never display the originals
This is an easy process that anyone can do!
Store original photo away in a dark, climate controlled space, since light, humidity and atmospheric pollutants are some of the greatest dangers to its survival. If you are able to, restore your digital photo. Archive your digital originals and your restored copies and then back them up!
Photos as Records Your collection of photos provide you with information about the past that is available from no other source. Each snapshot is a frozen moment, a tiny slice of life captured on film. When it comes to genealogy, the formal portraits may be great to illustrate a family history, but it is the casual snapshot that gives us the most information.
Informal pictures tell a lot about the family's lifestyle. Sometimes they provide us with facts, but more often they provide ambiance, the feelings of the time and place.
It is often not the subject of the photograph that is of interest in those informal snapshots, but the background! (What presents are there under the tree?)
Photos as Records (continued) Caption photographs, no matter how arduous this process may seem! Photos are very near worthless without identification of any sort. Consider using photographs to document and illustrate the information you discover in your genealogical research. When you find the places your ancestors lived, try to get photographs of those places. Be creative! ***Imagine standing in the exact location of a photograph taken 100 years ago! This is now possible for future generations to experience with geotagging!
The Introduction to Digital Photography Class Will Cover:
Getting Photos off your Camera You just took a ton of great photos with your new digital camera. Now what? Here are explanations of the three most common ways to get photos off your camera and onto your computer. Note: Remember that each camera is different - please consult your owner's manual for help on your specific camera. Connecting with your USB cable A USB cable lets you connect your digital camera to your computer. Almost all digital cameras come with a USB cable. Just plug one end into the camera and the other into the computer. Once you've plugged the cable into the computer, software already installed on your computer may assist you with getting the photos off your camera. If you plug your camera into your computer and nothing happens, don't worry. Your computer can read your camera as if it's another drive on your computer.
Getting Photos off your Camera Alternate method: Insert your memory card into your computer Some newer computers come with a slot for memory cards or a cable with a reader. You simply insert your digital camera's memory card into the computer or reader and your computer will recognize the card and ask where you'd like to save your photos. We recommend placing them in a folder in the My Pictures folder so you can find them easily. Alternate method: Use a docking station Your camera may come with a docking station, or a station can be purchased if your camera is compatible. The docking station is plugged into your computer and situated on your desk to make connecting your camera to your computer a little easier.
Scanning your Heirloom Photos You don't have to be a technology whiz or a graphic designer to become proficient at photo restoration, but you will need a computer with a lot of memory, a scanner, and a good (not necessarily expensive) graphics program. Scanning tips for digital photos:
Make sure your photo and scanner bed is clean of dust, lint and smudges.
Scan at the highest possible resolution, always!
Save the scanned image to your hard drive as a TIFF and archive it with your originals
Then I recommend: Paying a professional to do it for you. Heck, I know how to scan and I still prefer to pay a professional to do it! Why?
It is affordable, fast (especially if you have a lot of photos or old hardware) and easy.
I want my photos scanned on an expensive, up-scaling scanner, which means they can enlarge your photos significantly without any degradation—its amazing!!!
For your truly antique photos, make sure the service you choose offers a white glove service and don’t let the photo leave your sight. Some services will even bring their equipment to your home to do it!
How Photos are Stored on Your Computer Since file storage and organization are so important, you need to understand how drives, folders, and files relate to one another.
Why Archive? Photographs can hold tremendous emotional and monetary value. Before the proliferation of digital cameras, photographers could store a physical negative or slides with the expectation that the medium would last decades, if not longer, under a controlled environment.But with digital photography, images are only stored as data, and the integrity of that data is only as good as the archiving system. None of the typical storage media, from CD/DVDs to hard drives, have proven to be as resilient as film, and therefore, photographers need to create archiving systems that support multiple copies. The prime directive, to borrow from Star Trek, is to make sure you don't lose the files.
Staying Organized When you move your images from your camera to your computer and then to a CD/DVD disc, you need to do so in an organized way. It doesn't take long to be overrun with images; and all of them with meaningless names to boot. Luckily, with some planning, and the right tools and knowledge, you can work with thousands of images without getting lost. Before transferring images from your camera to your computer, you should develop a system that lets you quickly find them later. Folders are the heart of any image management system. The best way to organize images on your computer is to create one or more folders for images and then subfolders that meaningfully identify the images stored in them. The thing to keep in mind is that your organization is not about storing images, but about finding them. Ask yourself, where you'd most likely look for pictures of interest a year from now, long after you've forgotten where you stored them.
Chronological Organization There are a variety of ways to organize and name folders, depending on what kind of photos you take or how you use them. There is no one right way to name your files. It is only important that you are consistent! A chronological organizationuses folders named with dates in the format yyyy-mm-dd. For example, a folder named 2008-02-10 would contain photos taken or downloaded on February 10, 2008. Below, I am organizing my collection down to the month.
Subject Organization A subject organization uses folders named after subjects, events, projects, or experiences. For example, a folder named Christmas 2008 would contain images of that day. This is a nice solution if want to know what the file contains without having to preview it.
Naming Your Files Working with volumes of digital files and photos for many years has brought me to the realization that file naming is very important to the archiving process. It's good to set up a system early on, otherwise you'll just be doing more work in the future. You want a file naming system that is unique, descriptive, and independent of any folder hierarchy—in other words, if a file is lost among hundreds or thousands of photos (which is easily done with drag and drop mistakes), or if you lose your folder hierarchy, one could still work with the collection or rebuild the hierarchy. This also insures that you don’t get duplicate image names,which will create future conflict. Most important: STAY CONSISTENT!
File Naming Convention Remember, you want your file name to be independent of any folder hierarchy. To do this, your file name needs to include every folder name it is nested in. Remember, keep every file name unique in the entire photo collection. Subject File Naming Chronological File Naming Combination File Naming * * * * * * Series # Series # Add a descriptive element if desired. * A more advanced naming convention will be shared in our next class.
Too Much Work? Not if you value your photos! Believe me, staying organized is the most important thing you can do for your collection. The process is not as tedious as it may sound—using batch processing (more later) you can rename an entire folder of photos all at once—now that’s hardly work! Why is naming a file correctly so important?
A filename is the foundation of the information structure
It is very difficult to accurately gauge what will be used in the future. Organizing your photos in such a “primal”, rather than depending entirely on your photo management software to keep track of things for you, will ensure its safety.
Getting in the habit of correctly filing and naming your files when you upload them from your camera is an important part of staying organized.
What’s Next? This is where the fun begins! Now that you have:
Created a filing system that will grow with you
Decided on a naming convention that works best for you
Photo Management Software Most photo management solutions will allow you to batch rename photos. If your photo management software doesn’t do this quickly and easily, consider making a change. Your photo management solution must support metadata (used for captioning photos and embedding it in the digital file). If not, then there is no guarantee your captions will be viewable in the digital future. No worries, the best tools support it now---finally! Thisis why it is important to stay mainstream.
Getting Meta-smart Metadata: A photographer’s best friend
Use the desktop application to speed things up and sync it online.
Incredibly easy to use and ideal for the beginner!
Caution: Picasa does not keep the integrity of you high resolution images.
Photo Management Online Exploring other options: Flickr’s free account has a lot of restriction, but for only $25/year you will get unlimited storage, categories and collections. Their paid membership is loaded with features! Best of all (and even with their free accounts) they archive your high resolution originals –something you wont find with any other free service (some paid ones too)! One of the world’s best, Smugmug offers drag and drop uploading, sophisticated batch processing, four backups in three different states and reputably one of the best in customer service . Their standard account for $40/year (look for their $5 off coupons!) and offers ad-free, unlimited storage and traffic and oodles of features. Better yet, you can password protect selected galleries, which allows family members to log in to your chosen galleries without having to register. What do I love the most about Smugmug? Their galleries are gorgeous!!! Their weakness (if you consider this a weakness): their social community is not as active as Flickr. * There are many, many solutions to choose from. Look around for yourself and find the one that’s best for you. Be sure to check out Photobucket, Webshots, Fotkiand the new Photoshop.com!
Basic Photo Editing Basic photo editing features that come with Picasa (or other photo management software) will be more than enough for many of you. But for those of you who want a Little more, or if you have antique photos that you want to restore, consider Picnik: Idea for the beginner, Picnikis photo editing awesomeness, online! It's the easiest way on the Web to fix underexposed photos, remove red-eye, remove skin blemishes or apply effects to your photos. Lacking photo-editing prowess? A bunch of their editing tools are one-click fixes, including auto- fix, exposure, color adjust and red-eye. And the others, like rotate, crop, resize, and sharpening, can be controlled with easy-to-use sliders—all for free! Upgrade to a paid account and get much more! So incredibly easy—try it! www.picnik.com
Protect your Photos & Backup! Keeping your photos safe: There are several concerns about moving into the digital world. If proper steps are not taken, a single computer failure can wipe out your treasured digital family photos. In fact, 25% of all PC users suffer data loss each year. Do both: External hard drive Online storage
Email Instant Messenger Peer-to-Peer Photo Sharing Slide Show—on the TV Slide Show—on the Computer Photo Sharing Sites eBooks Blog RSS Wallpaper or Desktop Background Managers Screen Savers Mapping your Photos Prints Online & Offline Photo Books Scrapbooks Photos on Fabrics Photos on Smooth Surfaces Photo Gifts and Novelties Laser-Etching and Fired Ceramics Personal Website A list like this warrants a class of its own: More Sharing & Displaying
The Advanced Digital Photography Class Will Cover:
3D photography & the world’s first 3D camera!!!
Advanced Digital Photography
Digital Asset Management DAM looks like something you might say when you can’t find the photograph you are looking for. But DAM—Digital AssetManagement—is actually designed to preempt such frustrated outbursts. The term “Digital Asset Management” refers to the lifecycle of a digital photo—taking images from the camera to, well, the grave and beyond. You may not realize it, but if you are shooting or scanning digital photos, you are already practicing some form of digital asset management—so don’t let this term scare you. The question is, are you using your time and resources wisely? Are you creating a system that will grow with you, and let you get the most from your photographs? Ultimately, a DAM system should be designed for speed and efficiency, as well as longevity. I have already shown you a simple DAM solution, but let’s check out a more sophisticated system…
From the Camera When digital cameras store photographs on removable media cards, they can compress the photo to save room on the card. This lets you take more photos. The compression will affect the quality of the photo, but unless you really want to make large prints of your photographs, you may not notice. When you say RAW, do you mean it's not cooked? The three main file formats for digital photographs are RAW, TIFF and JPEG. Both RAW and TIFF formats do not apply any compression to the photo to save space on your memory card. When your camera saves a digital photo as a RAW or TIFF file (if it can), the photo includes all of the information captured by your camera's image sensor.
JPEG, TIFF or RAW? **Varies from camera: Canon (.cr2), Kodak (.kdc), Fuji (.raf), Nikon (.nef)
DNG Photographers working with RAW files need to know what a DNG file is: Digital Negative (DNG) is a non-proprietary format for long-term archival of our digital photos. You want to convert all of your RAW files to DNG to ensure that you can view them in 50 years.
Each camera manufacturer use their own, proprietary file types that can only be
viewable with their own software, which may not be around in the digital future.
The only way to embed metadata into your RAW file is to convert it to DNG.
Programs that do not convert your file to DNG but allow you to set metadata are simply linking your image with an external file, and this is not a permanent solution.
Advanced Folder & File Naming This is a great place to start: However, how do you store
Multiple versions of a single photo (print, email, web, etc.)
Uncontrolled files: non-photos and files from others (useful for genealogy)
Advanced Folder & File Naming Benefits of following a strict naming convention:
Accommodates all digital media (photos, scans,
prints & slides)
Allows the use of automated scripts to perform
a number of tasks, including version control, transferring of tags from original to edited versions, etc.
In addition, by using this sort of system, users
can quickly find the original slide, photo or film that corresponds to the digital file they’ve become. This is very useful if you want to scan in more photos, find and enjoy the original artifact, or simply find a roll in your storage for reprint purposes (the scan you create today will be inferior to one you can make in the future).
Advanced Folder & File Naming For those who do genealogy, it is a good idea to separate your family history from your personal family photos. To do this, divide your photos into two main roots. I have named mine Family History & MyFamily Photos .
Folder Hierarchy: Family History Create a family tree using folders.
Folder Hierarchy: Family History For Family history only: Primary Organization: Me Secondary Organization: My parents Tertiary Organization: My grandparents Etc… Final Organization: Date (The quantity of files you have will determine how you cluster the dates.)
Folder Hierarchy: My Family Photos Folder organization for everything else: For anyone beyond the skill level of a beginner (which means you know how to use your photo management software correctly), I suggest staying away from subject organization entirely. It is simply outdated and unnecessary. Chronological organization is all you need! Primary Organization: Year Secondary Organization: Month Tertiary Organization: If you take a lot of photos you may want to categorize you photos clear down to the date. Final Organization: Edit (for your modified originals, if needed) Don’t forget, your files need to contain folder information it is nested in. e, e2, e3 refer edit version, all within the edit folder
File Naming: Family History _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . . . . . **Version Do you like to make b/w, sepia or retouched photos? e = first edit e2 = second edit e3 = third edit Do you want to take RAW files and prepare them for print? ep = print ready Have you prepared a photo for web or email? ew = web ready *Image Type p = from a scanned photo s = original is from a slide d= original is a document *Series:
Negatives: original roll number
Lost negative: 0000
Don’t have/ want to work
with negatives: use the photo number (explained on next screen) ***Extension When there is not a version label (indicating the file is not an original), the file extension will be .TIFF, .JPEG, or .RAW (indicating it just came from the camera).
File Naming: My Family Photos _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . . . . . **Image Type p = from a scanned photo (blank) = from a digital camera **Series For photos before the digital camera: scan, number and file your original photos . Start with 0001, or whatever works best for you, and work your way up! Name your digital file with the corresponding image number. You can also use original roll and negative numbers. For the digital camera: start with 0001 for that specific date (or folder). *Photographer ID Optional, but convenient if you share files and if you like to know who the author is. Keep it two digits. (bg = Bruce Grant) Create a key if needed. Helps to complete the story of the photo: who else was there that you couldn’t see? ***Version Do you like to make b/w, sepia or retouched photos? e = first edit e2 = second edit e3 = third edit Do you want to take RAW files and prepare them for print? ep = print ready Have you prepared a photo for web or email? ew = web ready
More Complete Metadata I have already suggested labeling your photos with Title, Caption, Rating, Creator, Location, Person and Keywords. Here are some additional ideas:
Better Photo Management If you’re online, consider getting off! Don’t get me wrong, online photo management tools are superb, especially for the beginning user, but if you are a real photo enthusiast then you should consider going offline. I prefer to use a desktop application for my photo manager, and then use an online service for sharing them. Flickr’s free account is ideal for this!
Better Photo Management Why a desktop application is better:
Everything done online is slower, especially if you’re working with large files
Affordable, considering you aren't paying annual fees.
Online systems come and go and it can be difficult to move your collection from one system to another
Develop your images to the highest of standards
Perfect your images with state-of-the-art non-destructiveRAWprocessing and advanced pixel-level editing.
Better Photo Management What does non-destructive photo editing mean, and why do I get goose bumps just thinking about it? I’ve been working with digital images for many years now, which means I have thousands of files. I also love photo editing, so many of my original files also have accompanying edited files saved with them. That’s a whole lot of files, which takes a whole lot of memory and precision organization to store all of them, as you have seen. Non-destructive photo editors will allow you to edit your original file as many times as you want and in the end you will still have only one file. This is possible because all of the changes you make to an original are stored as instructions, much like Photoshop layers, for those who are familiar with this. So once again, buying real software just might “save” you money: 1) no annual fees 2) less storage space required—don’t underestimate the size of your RAW files.
My Personal Favorite Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 2: The Crème de la Crème of Photo Management Yes, it is expensive ($270), but so are extra *hard drives. Adobe has really pulled out all the stops to come up with a really good photo workflow management tool that is unsurpassed in the market at the moment. It comes with all of the photo editing tools you’ll need (which means you don’t need to buy additional photo editing software)! By the way, if you are in school or have any children in school (including k-12), you can get Lightroom at a student price ($99) ---- Ahhhhh! For windows only. If you are a Mac user check out Apple’s Aperture! * Raw image from 12 MP camera = apx. 25 MB file = 43 photos per gig of hard drive space.
DNG Workflow Photographers working with RAW files need to understand a DNG workflow. Using a photo management tool that support DNG files, such as Lightroom, do the following: When you initially transfer files from your digital camera, place them in a RAW TBA folder. Convert them to DNG and archive them in your DNG Image Vault. Hint: Don’t batch rename your files at the point of conversion because you will want to delete the “duds” first. Because you sequentially name your files, you do not want gaps in your sequence.
More Affordable & Still Robust ACDSeePro 2.5 is designed for the serious photographer. It is powerful and loaded with features and photo editing tools. $130 Built for the average home user, ACDSee Photo Manger will manage your memories with ease. However, it may not meet your photo editing. $80 PicaJet is powerful, feature-rich and highly customizable. It may be the best option for the price if you aren't in need of a photo editing tool. $48
Photo Editing Online Fairly new to the market, Photoshop Express is Adobe’s first online tool—photo organization included! It is designed more for the beginner. But keep your eye on it, because it is still in its infancy! Free Introduced in the beginning class, Picnik remains my favorite pick for the novice. Photoshop Express and Picnik both come with a basket of goodies, but neither one can do this: =
Photo Editing: Online All of these have advanced capabilities and are suitable for the intermediate user: all free! From basic image retouching to complex effects, Aviary delivers the key features of a desktop image editor with the simplicity and accessibility of a web-based application! The result of a photo merge test: flawless and is probably the best all around of the bunch. Splashup is impressive and designed with an interface very similar to Photoshop. A great choice for those who want to become familiar with Photoshop. The result of a photo merge test: slightly smudgy. FotoFlexer claims to be the most advanced online image editor, but their photo merge test had poor results. Don’t discount them though, they have really, really cool filters and effects and may be the most fun to use!
Desktop Photo Editing Software Adobe Photoshop CS4: The Swiss Army Knife of Photo Editing Bring your vision to life with the most powerful photo editor available! For professionals or serious enthusiasts only. $600 [gulp] Here’s a tip: Buy an older version of Photoshop (CS or CS2) for apx. 1/4 the price, and pay $190 for the upgrade. Make sure you buy from a reputable seller because you must have a valid license for the upgrade to work. This is perfectly legal and does not violate Adobe’s license agreement in any way. Photoshop CS4 is not offered to students, but CS4 Extended (which is CS4 + 3D coolness) sells for $200 (regularly $1000). Photoshop CS4 is not a photo manager, so you will need to get additional software for your archiving needs.
More Affordable & Still Robust Photoshop Elements 7 is brimming with features, functionality, and a streamlined interface that makes some of the most daunting photo editing tasks a breeze. The organizing, editing, creating, and sharing features provide the most comprehensive photo editing package available for the price! $63 There are many other photo editing tools available, but none of them come close to the features of Photoshop Elements 7, which is why I'm not providing other comparisons.
Geotagging Geotagged images provide you with a new way of sorting and organizing your photos. For example, you can search for pictures shot in a particular locale or create an interactive map (Yahoo or Google Maps) of your latest vacation showing not only where you went, but also images from points along the route. When you geotag an image, you’re simply storing latitude and longitude coordinates for that image in the file’s metadata. This means you’ll first need to get those coordinates.
Geotagging Getting the Coordinates The easiest way is from a digital camera with built in GPS
Nikon CoolpixP6000 & iPhone 3G are the only cameras available with built in GPS, but soon the market will be flooded with them.
Buy a GPS digital photo tracker (starts at $80)…
This is a small GPS device that (can) clip directly to your camera. It continually records your GPS location, along with a timestamp. You will sync your photo’s timestamp with your GPS timestamp to get the coordinates and imbed them in your photo’s metadata. Be sure you get a model that allows you to insert your camera’s memory card directly into the photo tracker (or it’s docking station), or you will need additional software to do this for you.
Geotagging Getting the Coordinates Manual Geotagging
Use any GPS device and manually record the coordinates of your photos
Zoom in on the location of your photo using Google or Yahoo maps, get the coordinates, then use your photo management tool to record it.
Getting it on a Map Most photo management tools incorporate easy mapping. In Flickr, it is as easy as dragging and dropping.
Geotagging at its Best Google Earth Google Earth is a map of the world on steroids. You can zoom and glide over stitched together satellite photos of the world, adding a life-like experience to your Geotagged photos.
Flicker Fun Six degrees of Kevin Bacon? This wildly fantastic Flickr photo tool is a social network visualization gizmo. Interested to know your FOAF (friend of a friend)? Check out Flickr Graph!
Photosynth.net Making photos a 3d experience: The insanely coolPhotosynth allows you to take a bunch of photos of the same scene or object and automatically stitch them all together into one big interactive 3D viewing experience that you can share with anyone on the web. So easy to use, anyone can do it! Check out an example! Do you want to see something else really Cool? Go to Google and search for Photo Tourism.
Fujifilm’s Brand New 3D camera The world’s first 3D camera is coming in SEPTEMBER!!! FinePix REAL 3D V1 One camera, two lenses and Real 3D This cleaver camera comes with two lenses! A 3D image is created by capturing two images from two different viewpoints and merge them together to create a real 3D image!
Fujifilm’s Brand New 3D camera The world’s first 3D camera also offers an advanced 2D mode! Simultaneous shooting Just like shooting with 2 digital cameras, the user can choose different zoom, sensitivity and color settings for each image capture system and take 2 photos of the same scene at the same instant.
Fujifilm’s Brand New 3D camera The world’s first 3D camera also offers an advanced 2D mode! 2-Color simultaneous shooting: 2-Sensitivity simultaneous shooting: