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Research on Teaching Reading
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Research on Teaching Reading

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Transcript

  • 1. From the Annual review of applied linguistics
    Grabe (2004)
    Research On Teaching Reading
  • 2. Variables that impactreading instruction
    Student proficiency
    Age
    L1/L2 relations
    Motivation
    Cognitive processing factors
    Teacher factors
    Curriculum and materials resources
    Instructional setting
    Institutional factors
  • 3. Abilities needed for effective reading comprehension
    • Word recognition fluency
    • 4. Vocabulary learning
    • 5. Background knowledge
    • 6. Language knowledge
    • 7. General comprehension skills
  • Abilities needed for effective reading comprehension (continued)
    • Teach text structure and discourse organization
    • 8. Promote the strategic reader
    • 9. Build reading fluency and rate
    • 10. Promote extensive reading
    • 11. Intrinsic motivation for reading
    • 12. A coherent curriculum
  • Ensure Word Recognition Fluency
  • 13. Emphasize Vocabulary Learning and Create a Vocabulary Rich Environment
  • 14. Activate Background Knowledge in Appropriate Ways
  • 15. Ensure Effective Language Knowledge and General Comprehension Skills
  • 16. Comprehension Strategies to increase Reading Comprehension
    Prior knowledge activation
    Mental imagery
    Graphic organizers
    Text structure awareness
    Comprehension monitoring
    Question answering
    Question generating
    Mnemonic support practice
    Summarization
  • 17. Teach Text Structure and Discourse Organizaion
  • 18. Promote the Strategic Reader Rather Than Teach Individual Strategies
  • 19. Combined-Strategies instruction for improving Reading Comprehension
    • KWL: Know, Want to Know, Learner
    • 20. ETR: Experience – Text – Relate
    • 21. QAR: Question – Answer – Response
    • 22. DR – TA Directed Reading and Thinking Activities
    • 23. Reciprocal Teaching
  • Combined-Strategies instruction for improving Reading Comprehension (continued)
    • Collaborative Strategic Reading
    • 24. Direct Explanation
    • 25. Question the author
    • 26. Transactional Strategies Instruction
    • 27. Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction
  • Build Reading Fluency and Rate
  • 28. Promote Extensive Reading
  • 29. Develop Intrinsic Motivation for Reading
  • 30. Plan a Coherent Curriculum for Student Learning