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International comparisons on per capita income, growth, inequality and poverty
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International comparisons on per capita income, growth, inequality and poverty

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dnetThis presentation shows: 1) the evolution of average income per capita over the past fifty years in the entire world and in major regions; 2) an international comparison of both average income per ...

dnetThis presentation shows: 1) the evolution of average income per capita over the past fifty years in the entire world and in major regions; 2) an international comparison of both average income per capita and icome inequality measured by the Gini coefficient for a considerably large set of countries in all regions of the world; an 3) a similar comparison looking at average income per capita and poverty rates in numerous countries.

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    International comparisons on per capita income, growth, inequality and poverty International comparisons on per capita income, growth, inequality and poverty Presentation Transcript

    • INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS ONINCOME GROWTH, PER CAPITA INCOME LEVELS, INCOME INEQUALITY AND POVERTY Roberto Villarreal August 2012
    • INCOME PER CAPITA*, WORLD AVERAGE, 1960-200660005750550052505000475045004250400037503500325030002750250022502000 * GDP per capita, constant US dollars (Constant 2000 US$ per person) SOURCE: Prepared with data from http://earthtrends.wri.org/text/economics-business/variable-640.html, Development Data Group, The World Bank. 2008. 2008 World Development Indicators Online. Washington, DC: The World Bank. See also http:// go.worldbank.org/UOFSM7AQ40 ROBERTO VILLARREAL
    • INCOME PER CAPITA*, SELECTED REGIONS AND WORLD AVERAGES, 1960-200660005750550052505000 World475045004250 Mexico, Central America4000 and Caribbean375035003250 South America30002750 Asia (excluding2500 Middle East)225020001750150012501000 750 500 250 0 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 * GDP per capita, constant US dollars (Constant 2000 US$ per person) SOURCE: Prepared with data from http://earthtrends.wri.org/text/economics-business/variable-640.html, Development Data Group, The World Bank. 2008. 2008 World Development Indicators Online. Washington, DC: The World Bank. See also http:// go.worldbank.org/UOFSM7AQ40 ROBERTO VILLARREAL
    • INCOME AND INCOME INEQUALITY IN COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD, 2005 70 LOW INCOME Latvia HIGH INCOME 65 HIGH INEQUALITY HIGH INEQUALITY Swaziland 60 Brazil Poland Angola Colombia Honduras Belize South Africa 55 Bolivia Thailand Liberia Rwanda Sao Tome e Guatemala Panama Principe ParaguayIncome inequality 1 50 Nicaragua Dominican Mexico Madagascar Rep. Kenya El Salvador Argentina Dem. Rep. Mozambique 45 Philippines Malaysia of Congo Jamaica Uganda Cambodia Russian Fed. Morocco China Gabon United States Qatar 40 Ghana Mauritania India Jordan Tunisia Turkey Guinea Lithuania Italy Tanzania Algeria Iran 35 Lao Indonesia Croatia Spain Belgium Kyrgyzstan Albania Switzerland Burundi Niger Togo Greece Egypt Kazahstan Hungary 30 Bangladesh Timor Canada France Leste Armenia Romania Austria Ethiopia Tajikistan Serbia Estonia Germany 25 Ukraine Finland Belarus Norway LOW INCOME Sweden HIGH INCOME Chile 20 LOW INEQUALITY Seychelles LOW INEQUALITY 150 dollars 300 dollars 625 dollars 1,250 dollars 2,500 dollars 5,000 dollars 10,000 dollars 20,000 dollars 40,000 dollars 80,000 dollars 15 per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5 Average income level 2 1 Latest available value of the income Gini coefficient in the period 1995-2009. 2 Gross National Intome per capita, 2005. Scale in logarithm base 10. SOURCE: Prepared with data from the Hhuman Development Report database, United Nations Development Program, http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/tables/ ROBERTO VILLARREAL
    • AVERAGE INCOME AND POVERTY IN COUNTRIES AROUND THE WORLD, 2005 1,2 100 300 dollars 625 dollars 1,250 dollars 2,500 dollars 5,000 dollars 10,000 dollars 20,000 90 per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita per capita dollars per capitaPercentage of the population living under 1.25 dollars a day Tanzania 80 Burundi 70 Rwanda Nepal Zwaziland Niger 60 Madagascar Sierra Leone 50 Dem. Rep. Congo Angola Uganda Mali of Congo Bangladesh 40 Lesotho Ethiopia Togo India 30 Senegal Micronesia Ghana 20 South Africa Cote d’Ivoire Honduras Saint Lucia Bolivia 10 Kenya Indonesia Colombia China Belize Yemen Panama Nicaragua Guatemala Paraguay Salvador Venezuela 0 Egypt Tunisia Brazil Mexico Argentina 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5Jordan 3.7 3.8Romania 4 3.6 3.9 4.1 4.2 4.3 Gross National Income per capita (logarithm base 10) 1 Latest available data up to year 2005 2 PPP data for 2005 SOURCE: Prepared with data from the Human Development Report database, United Nations Development Program, http://hdrstats.undp.org/en/tables/ ROBERTO VILLARREAL
    • END OF PRESENTATION ROBERTO VILLARREAL