Strongholds
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Strongholds

  • 384 views
Uploaded on

What are "strongholds" and do they contribute to the under representation of African Americans in international missions? Here's a look at this important topic by David Cornelius, of the......

What are "strongholds" and do they contribute to the under representation of African Americans in international missions? Here's a look at this important topic by David Cornelius, of the International Mission Board, the Southern Baptist Convention

More in: Spiritual
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
384
On Slideshare
313
From Embeds
71
Number of Embeds
4

Actions

Shares
Downloads
1
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 71

http://www.rmni.org 60
https://www.rmni.org 8
http://rmni.org 2
https://rmni.org 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • While these factors are not unique to the African American Christian community, they do have unique application. This is due, in part, to the unique relationship that has existed (historically) between African Americans and Anglo Americans historically-- that of slave/owner or slave/master.
    As these factors are considered, bear in mind that their impact on African Americans will be different from that which they might have on any other ethnic group in the United States.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Lordship
    What Scripture Says about it:
    1 Corinthians 8:6; Philippians 2:9-11
    Principle:
    Complete trust in Jesus Christ as Lord.
  • Many AFAMs are just beginning to experience the so-called American Dream or the “good life”. For some, it is difficult to give that up in order to serve in a place where life will be much like life before full citizenship rights were obtained.
    The question is, “Who is your Lord?” That determines where one’s trust lies and where one’s allegiance lies. If Christ is Lord, obedience should follow.
  • This is characterized by one allowing his/her culture to over rule what God has clearly told us a Christians to do. For example, I was told when I was growing up (by action more than word) that White people took care of foreign missions; that missionaries are women, men are pastors and preachers, that Black people have enough to do in this country without going to Africa. Black people need to work together and focus on making things better for ourselves in this country. How this became a part of the culture in which I grew up is a story for another time.
  • AFAMs must be integrated into the larger group, not assimilated. Many in America view integration to mean that the minority group takes on the appearance of the majority group. It’s like the difference in Tomato soup and beef stew. Both products contain many ingredients. However, in the soup, everything is homogenized to the extent that it all looks alike. In the stew, one can see and experience the distinct pieces of meat, potatoes, carrots, etc.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Lack of material resources to serve
    What Scripture Says about it:
    2 Corinthians 8:14-15; 9:10-12; Philippians 4:15-20
    Principle:
    God’s work done in his time and in his way will never lack God’s resources.
  • Today, this is as much excuse as anything in many cases. People tend to get money to do those things they really want to do. God will not fail to take care of the need if he calls and the person answers in obedience.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Lack of knowledge and/or understanding of one’s part in God’s mission.
    What Scripture Says about it:
    Matthew 28:20; Deuteronomy 6:6-7; Psalm 78:5-8; Proverbs 22:6
    Principle:
    The church is to teach her people and train them in the ways of her Lord.
  • This is mission education, not general education. Most AFAM churches are very weak in the area of mission education. There is a need to correct this.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Lack of faith in God to provide for one’s family
    Looking to man’s wisdom rather than the wisdom of God
    What Scripture Says about it:
    Proverbs 3:5-6; Isaiah 26:4; Mark 10:28-30; Matthew 12:48-50
    Principle:
    Trust in the inherent goodness of God and the fact that he will do what is best for his people.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Fear
    What Scripture Says about it:
    Matthew 10:28; Romans 8:15; 1 John 4:18-21; Psalm 111:10
    Principle:
    The love of God and for God will cast out fear.
  • Fear of this kind is from Satan. To allow oneself to be controlled by such fear is sin. The answer to the problem is to allow the love of God to control: perfect love casts out fear.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Blindness: failure to see the need
    What Scripture Says about it:
    2 Kings 6:15-19
    Principle:
    Humans see only the physical world: God sees the big picture. Depend upon God’s directions, not your insight.
  • Can’t see the forest for the trees. Too close to the situation to focus. Many AFAMs are surrounded by so much need that it is difficult to see the need of those outside of their circle. We must depend on God to show us where He wants us to serve.
  • The Basic Problem:
    Inability to see oneself clearly and precisely--as children of God and participants in our Lord’s mission.
    What Scripture Says about it:
    Deuteronomy 6; Proverbs 3:5-6; Acts 5:29; 2 Corinthians 5:14-6:2
    Principle:
    Rely upon God to reveal who you are and depend upon God for your needs.
  • Many AFAMs have been conditioned to see themselves as objects of missions rather than participants in missions. This must be changed!
  • The Basic Problem:
    Insufficient trust in God and failure to forgive and forget
    What Scripture Says about it:
    Matthew 6:12-15; Mark 11:26; Romans 8:28-39
    Principle:
    Forgive and forget. Trust in God, not man.
  • The root of this problem goes back to the relationship between AFAMs and White Christians. As Southern Baptists, we have the baggage of our founding (the slavery issue as part of the reason for the founding of the SBC) and our early record on civil rights (non-responsive to the issue in many cases, against civil rights for Blacks in others.)
    We are called upon to admit this early history and clarify our current position. AFAMs must forgive, forget and move on based on current opportunities.

Transcript

  • 1. StrongholdsStrongholds Do they Contribute to The UnderDo they Contribute to The Under RepresentationRepresentation ofof African AmericansAfrican Americans inin international missions?international missions? If so, How?If so, How?
  • 2. STRONGHOLDSTRONGHOLD A DefinitionA Definition  A Place Having Strong Defenses; A Fortified Place  A Place Where A Group Having Certain Views, Attitudes, etc. is Concentrated  A Stronghold is not Necessarily Evil in Itself: It Becomes Evil When It Establishes Itself Against God or In His Place
  • 3. 2 Corinthians 10:3-42 Corinthians 10:3-4 3.3. For though we walk in the flesh, we doFor though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh,not war according to the flesh, 4.4. For the weapons of our warfare are notFor the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh, but divinely powerful for theof the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses (destruction of fortresses (strongholds)strongholds)
  • 4. 2 Corinthians 10:5-62 Corinthians 10:5-6 5.5. We areWe are destroying speculations and everydestroying speculations and every lofty thing raised up against the knowledge oflofty thing raised up against the knowledge of God and we are taking every thought captiveGod and we are taking every thought captive to the obedience of Christ,to the obedience of Christ, 6.6. and we are ready to punish all disobedience,and we are ready to punish all disobedience, whenever your obedience is completewhenever your obedience is complete
  • 5. NINE POSSIBLENINE POSSIBLE STRONGHOLDSSTRONGHOLDS  The American DreamThe American Dream  Cultural over ChristCultural over Christ  Economic IssuesEconomic Issues  Poor MissionsPoor Missions EducationEducation  Family IssuesFamily Issues  A Spirit of FearA Spirit of Fear  A Faulty FocusA Faulty Focus  A Wrong PerspectiveA Wrong Perspective  A Lack of TrustA Lack of Trust
  • 6. The American DreamThe American Dream  Better Life than Parents HadBetter Life than Parents Had  Lordship means commitment to one’s LordLordship means commitment to one’s Lord  Trappings of MaterialismTrappings of Materialism  More of everythingMore of everything  Most recent innovationsMost recent innovations  Two IssuesTwo Issues  CommitmentCommitment  LordshipLordship
  • 7. Dealing withDealing with The American DreamThe American Dream  Understand the StrongholdUnderstand the Stronghold  Making the Dream LordMaking the Dream Lord  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  1 Corinthians 8:61 Corinthians 8:6  Philippians 2:9-11Philippians 2:9-11  PrinciplePrinciple  Jesus Christ alone is Lord!Jesus Christ alone is Lord!
  • 8. CULTURE OVER CHRISTCULTURE OVER CHRIST  One’s Culture Dictates His/Her ActionsOne’s Culture Dictates His/Her Actions  ExampleExample  It’s a Man ThingIt’s a Man Thing  It’s a Black ThingIt’s a Black Thing  The International Aspect of Missions if forThe International Aspect of Missions if for the Majority Culture: i.e., White Peoplethe Majority Culture: i.e., White People  Blacks Don’t Do Foreign MissionsBlacks Don’t Do Foreign Missions
  • 9. Dealing withDealing with CULTURECULTURE  Understand theUnderstand the STRONGHOLDSTRONGHOLD  Culture Placed Over ChristCulture Placed Over Christ  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  Luke 6:1-11Luke 6:1-11  PrinciplePrinciple  Christ must be placed over CultureChrist must be placed over Culture
  • 10. ECONOMIC ISSUESECONOMIC ISSUES  Can’t afford to go overseas as a shortCan’t afford to go overseas as a short term volunteerterm volunteer  Can’t take care of my financialCan’t take care of my financial obligationsobligations  What about children’s education and myWhat about children’s education and my retirementretirement  Uncomfortable in “begging” to raiseUncomfortable in “begging” to raise support myself & familysupport myself & family
  • 11. Dealing withDealing with ECONOMIC ISSUESECONOMIC ISSUES  Understand the StrongholdUnderstand the Stronghold  Trusting Material Resources Instead of GodTrusting Material Resources Instead of God  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  2 Corinthians 8:14-15; 9:10-122 Corinthians 8:14-15; 9:10-12  Philippians 4:15-20Philippians 4:15-20  PrinciplePrinciple  God’s work done in His time and in His wayGod’s work done in His time and in His way will never lack God’s resourceswill never lack God’s resources (J. Hudson Taylor)(J. Hudson Taylor)
  • 12. POOR MISSIONS EDUCATIONPOOR MISSIONS EDUCATION  No ComprehensiveNo Comprehensive Missions Education inMissions Education in Churches for All AgesChurches for All Ages  Little Emphasis by KeyLittle Emphasis by Key LeadersLeaders  Poor Understanding ofPoor Understanding of “The Call”“The Call”  IncompleteIncomplete Interpretation of theInterpretation of the Great CommissionGreat Commission  Few Relevant ModelsFew Relevant Models  Failure to RelateFailure to Relate Missions, Evangelism and Church Growth
  • 13. Dealing withDealing with POOR MISSIONSPOOR MISSIONS EDUCATIONEDUCATION  Understand the STRONGHOLDUnderstand the STRONGHOLD  Lack of knowledge and/or understanding of one’sLack of knowledge and/or understanding of one’s part in God’s missionpart in God’s mission (Ignorance can be a Stronghold)  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  Deuteronomy 6:6-7; Psalm 78:5-8; ProverbsDeuteronomy 6:6-7; Psalm 78:5-8; Proverbs 22:6; Matthew 28:2022:6; Matthew 28:20  PrinciplePrinciple The church is to teach her people and trainThe church is to teach her people and train them in the ways of her Lordthem in the ways of her Lord
  • 14. FAMILY ISSUESFAMILY ISSUES  Aging ParentsAging Parents  Who will care for them?Who will care for them?  Better Life for ChildrenBetter Life for Children  Their Education?Their Education?  Their health?Their health?  Family SolidarityFamily Solidarity  Extended Family complains “Are you goingExtended Family complains “Are you going because there are no lost people here?”because there are no lost people here?”
  • 15. Dealing withDealing with FAMILY ISSUESFAMILY ISSUES  Understand the STRONGHOLDUnderstand the STRONGHOLD  Looking to man’s wisdom rather than the wisdom ofLooking to man’s wisdom rather than the wisdom of GodGod (Putting family before God)(Putting family before God)  Misuse Scripture to justify doing what one wants to doMisuse Scripture to justify doing what one wants to do  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  Matthew 10:37; 12:47-50; Luke 2:41-52Matthew 10:37; 12:47-50; Luke 2:41-52  PrinciplePrinciple Trust in the inherent goodness of God and the factTrust in the inherent goodness of God and the fact that He will do what will bring Him glory and isthat He will do what will bring Him glory and is best for His peoplebest for His people
  • 16. A SPIRIT OF FEARA SPIRIT OF FEAR  Fear of FailureFear of Failure  Fear for Physical SafetyFear for Physical Safety  Fear of the UnknownFear of the Unknown  Fear of RejectionFear of Rejection  By other African AmericansBy other African Americans  By fellow missionariesBy fellow missionaries  By Nationals to whom they are sentBy Nationals to whom they are sent
  • 17. Dealing withDealing with A SPIRIT OF FEARA SPIRIT OF FEAR  Understand the STRONGHOLDUnderstand the STRONGHOLD  Spirit of FearSpirit of Fear  Fear is not from GodFear is not from God  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  Matthew 10:28; Romans 8:15; 1 John 4:18-21Matthew 10:28; Romans 8:15; 1 John 4:18-21  PrinciplePrinciple The love of God and for God will cast out fearThe love of God and for God will cast out fear
  • 18. A FAULTY FOCUSA FAULTY FOCUS  Not seeing the need as God sees itNot seeing the need as God sees it  Surrounded by need dailySurrounded by need daily  Can’t see the “Big Picture”Can’t see the “Big Picture”  Lacks a clear Understanding God’sLacks a clear Understanding God’s PurposePurpose  Forest/Tree Syndrome (Can’t see theForest/Tree Syndrome (Can’t see the forest for the trees)forest for the trees)
  • 19. Dealing withDealing with A FAULTY FOCUSA FAULTY FOCUS  Understand the STRONGHOLDUnderstand the STRONGHOLD  Truth veiled by the god of this worldTruth veiled by the god of this world  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  2 Kings 6:15-192 Kings 6:15-19  2 Corinthians 4:3-42 Corinthians 4:3-4  PrinciplePrinciple  Humans see only the physical world: God seesHumans see only the physical world: God sees the big picture. Depend upon God’s directions,the big picture. Depend upon God’s directions, not your insight. Pray that the veil be removed.not your insight. Pray that the veil be removed.
  • 20. A WRONG PERSPECTIVEA WRONG PERSPECTIVE  Perspective of SelfPerspective of Self  Recipient Rather than ParticipantRecipient Rather than Participant  The effect of ConditioningThe effect of Conditioning  Models imposed by the MediaModels imposed by the Media  Models imposed by the DenominationModels imposed by the Denomination  Models imposed by selfModels imposed by self  The Effect of HistoryThe Effect of History  Becoming a missionary is a demotionBecoming a missionary is a demotion  Not financially able to do foreign missionsNot financially able to do foreign missions
  • 21. Dealing withDealing with A WRONG PERSPECTIVEA WRONG PERSPECTIVE  Understand the StrongholdUnderstand the Stronghold  Inability to see oneself clearly and precisely asInability to see oneself clearly and precisely as children of God and participants in the Lord’schildren of God and participants in the Lord’s missionmission  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  Deuteronomy 6; Proverbs 3:5-6Deuteronomy 6; Proverbs 3:5-6  Acts 5:29; 2 Corinthians 5:14-6:2Acts 5:29; 2 Corinthians 5:14-6:2  PrinciplePrinciple Rely upon God to show you who you are andRely upon God to show you who you are and make HIS perspective YOUR perspectivemake HIS perspective YOUR perspective
  • 22. A LACK OF TRUSTA LACK OF TRUST  Historical BasisHistorical Basis  Early Relationships between Black ChristiansEarly Relationships between Black Christians and “White” religious organizationsand “White” religious organizations  Early experiences in foreign missionsEarly experiences in foreign missions  Effect of attitudes of some early leaders’Effect of attitudes of some early leaders’  Contemporary BasisContemporary Basis  Current views on race and cultureCurrent views on race and culture  Lack of Access to decision-making structureLack of Access to decision-making structure (brought into picture AFTER decisions are(brought into picture AFTER decisions are made)made)
  • 23. Dealing withDealing with A LACK OF TRUSTA LACK OF TRUST  Understand the STRONGHOLDUnderstand the STRONGHOLD  Insufficient trust in GodInsufficient trust in God (Misplaced Trust)(Misplaced Trust)  Failure to forgive and forgetFailure to forgive and forget  What does Scripture say?What does Scripture say?  Matthew 6:12-15; Mark 11:26; Romans 8:28-39Matthew 6:12-15; Mark 11:26; Romans 8:28-39  PrinciplePrinciple Forgive and forget. Trust in God, not manForgive and forget. Trust in God, not man
  • 24. 2 Corinthians 4:3-42 Corinthians 4:3-4 3.3. And even if our gospel is veiled, it isAnd even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing,veiled to those who are perishing, 4.4. in whose case the god of this world hasin whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving,blinded the minds of the unbelieving, that they might not see the light of thethat they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is thegospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of Godimage of God
  • 25. 2 Corinthians 4:5-62 Corinthians 4:5-6 5.5. For we do not preach ourselves butFor we do not preach ourselves but Christ Jesus as Lord, and ourselves asChrist Jesus as Lord, and ourselves as your bond-servants for Jesus’ sake.your bond-servants for Jesus’ sake. 6.6. For God, who said, “Light shall shineFor God, who said, “Light shall shine out of darkness,” is the One who hasout of darkness,” is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the light ofshone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in thethe knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christface of Christ
  • 26. 2 Corinthians 4:72 Corinthians 4:7 7.7. But we have this treasure inBut we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that theearthen vessels, that the surpassing greatness of thesurpassing greatness of the power may be of God and notpower may be of God and not from ourselves.from ourselves.