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Health ImpairmentsAsthma & HIV/AIDS Presented by Janice Jones Rebecca Winebrinner Amarillo College Children with Special Needs CDEC 1359 November 2010 Children with asthma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Asthma Definition “Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder that produces airway hyper-responsiveness, air flow limitation and persistent respiratory symptoms, such as wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and shortness of breath,”¹
Asthma Rate of Occurrence Asthma affects 17.3 million people in the United Children age 10 and younger account for 50% of asthma cases. More than twice as many boys than girls have asthma Asthma affects all races worldwide but is more common in blacks and Hispanics, but this may be due to socioeconomic conditions rather than genetics. Five thousand people die each year from asthma. About 25% of children who have asthma have at least one parent who smokes.
Asthma Resources Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Asthma's Impact on Children and Adolescent: http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/children.htm American Lung Association: http://www.lungusa.org/ Center for Disease Control; Basic Information about Asthma: http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm Asthma in Children: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/asthmainchildren.html
Asthma Organizations National Asthma Education & Prevention Program National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Information Center (301) 251-1222 Internet: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov Allergy & Asthma Network Mothers of Asthmatics (800) 878-4403 www.breatherville.org American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (800) 822-ASMA www.aaaai.org Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America (800) 7-ASTHMA www.aafa.org
Asthma Parent Resources Websites to Visit Website: Do you want to learn about asthma? Here are some fun facts and some games and learning activities that are fun and easy to do at home or in the classroom, whether you are a child, childcare provider, parent, or teacher. http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/children.htm Interactive Website: Interactive tutorial all about asthma that can be viewed on the web: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/tutorials/asthma/htm/index.htm Article: Asthma Basics for parents, kids and teens: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/lungs/asthma_basics.html Book: Children With Asthma: A Manual for Parents [Paperback] by Thomas F. Plaut
Asthma Classroom Strategies Make your school asthma friendly:
HIV -- AIDS Definition AIDS/HIV Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that is responsible for causing acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The virus destroys or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections and certain cancers.
HIV -- AIDS Rate of Occurrence At the end of 2009, there were 2.5 million children living with HIV around the world.2 An estimated 400,000 children became newly infected with HIV in 2009. Of the 1.8 million people who died of AIDS during 2009, one in seven were children. Every hour, around 30 children die as a result of AIDS. There are more than 16 million children under the age of 18 who have lost one or both parents to AIDS. Most children living with HIV – almost 9 in 10 – live in sub-Saharan Africa, the region of the world where AIDS has taken its greatest toll. ****************************************** There are between 6,000 to 7,000 children who are born to HIV-infected mothers each year in the United States. Teens between the ages of 13 to 19, especially among minority groups, represent one of the fastest growing HIV-positive groups. Between 1992 and 1997 the number of infants who became HIV positive when born to an infected mother decreased by 50 percent.
HIV -- AIDS Causes Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that is responsible for causing acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is spread through one of the following ways:
HIV -- AIDS Behavioral Characteristics CHILDREN Young children become infected with AIDS/HIV due to maternal transmission in the uterus, during the delivery process and through breast feeding; Children can also become infected through child sexual abuse ADULTS Adults become infected with the virus due to behaviors: Sharing needles with drug use Unprotected sex Through blood transmissions (mostly in Third world countries)
HIV -- AIDS Physical Characteristics Infants - At birth, infants born to an HIV-infected mother may test negative for the virus and have no symptoms. This does not mean that the infant does not have the virus. Blood tests will be done at various stages after birth up to and past 6 months of age to determine an infant's HIV status. There may not be symptoms at first, but develop later. Symptoms may include the following: failure to thrive - delayed physical and developmental growth as evidenced by poor weight gain and bone growth. swollen abdomen (due to swelling of the liver and spleen) swollen lymph nodes intermittent diarrhea (diarrhea that may come and go) pneumonia oral thrush - a fungal infection in the mouth that is characterized by white patches on the cheeks and tongue. These lesions may be painful to the infant
HIV -- AIDS Educational Needs HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contact in a child care setting. The HIV virus cannot be spread by sneezing, coughing, hugging, or touching. Parents worry about accidents and fights, but fresh blood-to-blood contact among children is extremely unusual. No case of HIV/AIDS transmission in a child care center has ever been reported. For clean ups: Use gloves and clean up as you normally would disposing paper towels and other items in a plastic bag. If a child bites you and draws blood, wash the area immediately with soap and water. As you would for any human bite, consult your physician. At Meal Time Do not allow children to share food. Otherwise, there are no restrictions. Clean up and sanitize as you normally would Clean and sterilize baby bottles as usual. At Play Time If the child puts something in their mouth, the toy should be cleaned and sanitized as normal. In the Laundry If items have been soiled with body fluids, wash separately. Otherwise, articles can be washed with others For First Aid Keep a first aid kid handy. It should include: a box of disposable latex gloves, antiseptic or disinfectant, a bottle of bleach diluted to 1 tbsp bleach to one quarter water mixed immediately before use, disposable paper towels, gauze, medical tape and plastic bag for waste disposal.
HIV -- AIDS Organizations AIDS Healthcare Foundation: http://www.aidshealth.org/ Project Hope: http://www.projecthope.org Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation : www.elizabethtayloraidsfoundation.org National Association of People With AIDS Hotline:1-240-247-0880
HIV -- AIDS Parent Resources Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDs http://www.ucsfchildcarehealth.org/pdfs/illnesses/HIV_0509.pdf Children Parents and AIDS: Brochure Children and HIV http://www.hivinfosource.org HIV/AIDS and Children Information for the Parents of an HIV Positive Child http://aids.about.com/od/childrenteens/a/HIV_Kids.htm www.redcross.org/www-files/Documents/pdf/HIVAIDS/27377.pdf
HIV -- AIDS Classroom Strategies Information about a child with HIV/AIDS should remain confidential. Use universal precautions when dealing with body secretions such as blood. Protect child with AIDS/HIV from being exposed to secondary infections. Assure that any open abrasions, cuts, or wounds are covered until a scab appears. No additional classroom strategies are required.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Asthma's Impact on Children and Adolescent: http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/children.htm Management of Asthma in Children: American Family Physicianwww.aafp.org Center for Disease Control; Basic Information about Asthma: http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm Asthma in Children: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/asthmainchildren.html Asthma Basics for parents, kids and teens: http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/lungs/asthma_basics.html Asthma in Children: emedicinehealth www.emedicinehealth.com Bibliography: Asthma
Bibliography: AIDS The complete resource on HIV/AIDs www.thebody.com AIDS: Medline http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/aids.html Fact Sheet on HIV/AIDs http://www.ucsfchildcarehealth.org/pdfs/illnesses/HIV_0509.pdf HIV Info Source: Children and HIV http://www.hivinfosource.org/hivis/hivbasics/children/