Welcome & Introductions This is session 4 in a series covering PGR information Skills in the Humanities. Impact has become a very hot topic in academia particularly where research is concerned especially as the REF 2014 is approaching.
By the end of this session, you will be able to: Find information on e-scholar and demonstrate an understanding of the benefits that it will provide Identify Journal Impact factors for journal titles in your field Understand why impact is important to you and the institution Create a digital profile One of the competencies of a researcher according to the Rdf is in Domain D is regarding publication and communication of your research and the possible effects of your research. In most fields dissemination of research is considered to be an essential part of research Some of you may be working to professional standards but this document is also worth bearing in mind in terms of skills development for your future This may seem a long way off for you guys and you think may or not apply to you. But it is something to think about as your research progresses and may be something that you want to start to plan and be strategic about it. Think about getting the information to the right people in a way that they can use it. Have any of you thought about what you will do with your research. Is your research going to help others working in your area? Is you research publicly funded which requires that it be disseminated? Will you be thinking about publishing your work in a journal or through any other means? If you are you will need to consider your audience
Research is being carried out by thousands of individuals here at Manchester. There are in the region of 3,500 registered PhDs along with postdocs and research active staff. All are generating research. The research and communications environment is a complex relationship between governments research funders universities publishers, learned and professional societies, researchers them selves and the potential users of the research findings Are any of you funded by the AHRC They along with other funders say that There is now a greater need to involve researchers more directly in demonstrating the impact of their research. To enable this to happen, researchers need to be actively involved in thinking about demonstrating the value of their research and its wider impacts from its inception to completion By impact we mean the ‘influence’ of research or its ‘effect on’ an individual, a community, the development of policy, or the creation of a new product or service. It relates to the effects of research on our economic, social and cultural lives. Ideally for this to happen your research will have an audience. So for the next few minutes I want you talk with someone else in the room and answer these questions
This is taken from some research done in Australia in 2006 to illustrate how researchers in the different areas within Humanities communicate research. You can see there are differences in the disciplines It is recognised in a report from the Research Information Network that where applied research features there can be a difficult choice between being published in a prestigious journals and effective dissemination to practitioners and policy makers. Fields such as psychology education and politics So how do you communicate with your audience? What methods are there?
Research in the arts and humanities is often difficult to measure in terms of impact. Some research projects take the shape simply of a monograph sometimes it is a collaborative work where different organisations contribute different resources. Knowledge transfer. Research and results can take time to come to fruition, and then there is often no immediate tangible impact All the suggestions here will not happen overnight and probably not within a couple of years like the databases measure citations of STEM subjects. Department of Drama In Place of War researches theatre and performance practice from sites of crisis and armed conflict This context presents significant ongoing challenges for artists and cultural workers working in sites of crisis and armed conflict. In Place of War is concerned with their work: with theatre and performance practice that exists because of wars, crises and disasters - and in spite of them. Cities@manchester brings together researchers from across the arts, humanities and the business school connecting research institutes in architecture with poverty
Aim of Slide = to initiate discussion on why researchers need to be aware of impact factors Why are they important? In some disciplines it is vital to be published in the most significant, prestigious journal in a field in others the pressure is less but tensions may still exist in the form of do you want the kudos of being published for a career in academia or wider more effective dissemination Why do we need to know which is the best journal to be published in? Following discussion use flip chart to record answers Peer review Quality control Most read/ wider circulation Leads to greater impact Raises individual research status Raises institutional status Generates more funding for the institution Possibly generates individual sponsorship for further research Possibility of further publishing e.g. book Increases employability Demonstrates value for money where public funding is involved
Open JCR and demonstrate looking for an IF Journal Impact Factor The journal impact factor is the average number of times articles from the journal published in the past two years have been cited in the JCR year. The impact factor is calculated by dividing the number of citations in the JCR year by the total number of articles published in the two previous years. An impact factor of 1.0 means that, on average , the articles published one or two year ago have been cited one time. An impact factor of 2.5 means that, on average, the articles published one or two year ago have been cited two and a half times. Citing articles may be from the same journal; most citing articles are from different journals. The Journal of mathematics and music now has an impact factor
One of the ways that you have or not mentioned is to use the web. It is possible to harness the web to showcase you (and your work). This something that you can begin to do now. Why do this, will it not be a waste of time? It will help you build up a professional network both within academia and outside in the professional sense. This is essential as it could lead to job opportunities future collaborations and keep you in touch with happenings in your area. f you are not sure where you’re headed or what you ultimately want to do, make sure you’re building many bridges. Someone once said to me that you should never burn bridges in academia because it’s such a small world. You never know when that person you’ve ostracised, criticised, or offended will end up in a position to make your life difficult. They may be one of your grant assessors, on an interview panel, a referee for one of your articles or book proposals, or your next Head of Department. The first lesson in building a profile is getting involved and participating in professional associations, conferences, and various groups (electronic and otherwise). That is, saying “yes” to a range of offers and opportunities. This includes applying for things like travel grants, seed-funding for new projects, and publication prizes where, if you are successful, the material outcomes are funding for travel, project funding, or publication, and the professional outcomes are wider, stronger networks, and a shiny line in your CV. That said, the second lesson is knowing when your time is fully committed; that is, learning to say “No.” It is much better to be known as someone who will deliver when they take something on, than to be involved in everything, then not following through. I have overcommitted myself on many occasions, then flogged myself to finish everything on time. This is not a recommended strategy if you want a decent quality of life. Saying “No” to selected opportunities does not diminish the number of prospects you are offered. Others have said this to me before, but I never believed them until years later. Once people get to know you and how good your work is, it’s surprising how long you stay on their radar. The third and last lesson isn’t a lesson as such; it’s an acknowledgement that a fair number of academic wins are down to pure LUCK. My first book contract came about because, as a new postdoc, I had coffee with a professorial colleague. When he heard that I had – more or less – a manuscript ready to go (i.e. my PhD thesis, tweaked), he name-dropped me to a new commissioning editor at an international university press who was looking for new material in my field. I couldn’t have set that up if I’d tried! The coffee also led to guest-editing a peak journal and helping convene an international conference; it was certainly a case of being in the right place at the right time. The lesson here is, perhaps, being open to opportunities whenever they might turn up. No successful academic remains in a vacuum. It’s up to you how much you want to play the game, but just don’t pretend that there isn’t one. You will be able to reach that wider audience There are some great online tools to help you in the form of social media. You may not have thought about using them for research purposes but they are useful. You could write a blog using wordpress or blogger become part a network. Twitter is a great way of connecting with people and keeping up to date but the session next week on current awareness will fill you in more on this. I do recommend that you keep your web professional web presence separate from your personal and that you do check privacy and security options. One of the images you may not recognise up there is the photo of the Manchester eScholar team and here is Scott to introduce you to it.
183 registered repositories in the UK.
Todays session has covered a lot of ground Broadly we have covered methods of disseminating your research so you and others can get the best out of it. We have talked about open access and using it as a method distributing your research to its audience. Using the University’s institutional repository and how it will work for you. Impact Factors and how to make the best use of them to raise your profile and that of your research How to measure your own potential impact And the limitations of those measures
This session has been brought to you today by Scott from the Manchester eScholar team and Sam from Information Skills If you have any questions or wish to follow up this session then please do contact us at this e-mail address and we will get back in touch with you as soon as we can. You can keep up with other things that are targeted at researchers by checking the blog and following the Twitter feed. The blog also stores most of the teaching materials that we use in for the research training programme. So things like slides, workbooks and handouts as well as links to how to do it videos for things like finding your h index using Scopus.
1. Humanities Information Skills PGR ModuleSESSION FOUR: DISSEMINATION & IMPACT SAM ASTON SCOTT TAYLOR
2. Audience Who is your audience? What is/will motivate you to disseminate your research? How will you disseminate your research? Talk with the person next to you for 2 minutes before feeding back
3. Research DisseminationDiscipline Academic Profession General GovernmentArea PublicCreative 8 16 18 0Arts andDesignHumanities 30 5 21 4Social 39 50 15 7SciencesBazely, P., 2006. Research dissemination in creative arts, humanities and thesocial sciences. Higher Education Research and Development, 25:3, 307-321
4. Definition of an Impact Factor The impact factor, often abbreviated IF, is a measure reflecting the average number of citations to articles published in science and social science journals. It is frequently used as a proxy for the relative importance of a journal within its field, with journals with higher impact factors deemed to be more important than those with lower ones.
5. Uses and Limitations The IF is used to compare different journal titles in the same field There are queries about the validity of the measure The IF can be calculated using Web of Science, Scopus and Publish or Perish Are they useful for your research? Are they useful for Arts & Humanities?
6. Creating a digital profile
7. Background to institutional repositories (IR) SECTION 1
8. There are different types of repository… • …discipline specific, e.g. ERIC • …funder-specific, e.g. PubMed • …institutional, e.g. Manchester eScholar
9. There are different types of repository… • …discipline specific, e.g. ERIC • …funder-specific, e.g. PubMed • …institutional, e.g. Manchester eScholar
10. What is an Institutional Repository (IR)? An institutional repository is… …an online locus for collecting, preserving, and disseminating – in digital form – the intellectual output of a research institution.
11. Which research institutions have IRs?
12. Why should I use an IR?• Satisfy funder OA mandates• Increased chance of citation for yourwork o Disseminate your ‘grey literature’ o Drive traffic to OA published research o Provide OA version of your subscription barriered research• Find related research• Store for your work
13. What about copyright?• All 7 research councils and the Wellcome Trustadvocate open access on all published outputs oftheir funded projects.(Source: http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/policy-and-legal/overview-funders-data-policies)• Of the 328 publishers listed on SHERPA/RoMEO58% allow postprint archiving without embargo.(Source: SHERPA/RoMEO)• 70% of publishers formally allow some form ofself-archiving.(Source: SHERPA/RoMEO)
14. Manchester eScholar: the basics SECTION 2
15. Introduction to Manchester eScholar• Manchester eScholar is the University of Manchester’s IR• Developed in-house using open-source technologies by a permanent support team based in JRUL• All PGR students have a My eScholar account• Accessed by portal, eScholar home-page, faculty intranet
16. Quick facts
17. Quick facts5,500 people
18. Quick facts5,500people 150,000 records
19. Quick facts5,500people 150,000 records10,000 deposits per year
20. Breakdown of eScholar content types
21. Breakdown of Humanities content types
22. ETD submission• Mandatory electronic submission ofyour doctoral thesis• Stored by Manchester eScholar• Submit through Student Portal• You control access!
24. Bibliography Arts and Humanities Research Council http://www.ahrc.ac.uk [11 October 2010] Levitt, R et al Assessing the impact of arts and humanities research at the University of Cambridge. RAND Europe 2010. Vitae website http://www.vitae.ac.uk [3rd August 2010]
25. THANK YOU Sam Aston Sam.firstname.lastname@example.org Scott Taylor Scott.email@example.com