R. Klingbeil, 2011: Sustainable Development (SD) at Global and Regional Levels

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Klingbeil, R., 2011. Sustainable Development (SD) at Global and Regional Levels.

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R. Klingbeil, 2011: Sustainable Development (SD) at Global and Regional Levels

  1. 1. Sustainable Development (SD)at Global and Regional LevelsRiyadh, Saudi Arabia Ralf Klingbeil21-22 November 2011 Regional Advisor Environment & Water
  2. 2. Outline• Definitions• Evolution of SD concepts• Global SD milestones• Regional preparations• Way forward: Where are we going with 2012 Rio+20?1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 2
  3. 3. What is Sustainable Development ? 1/3"Sustainable development is development that meetsthe needs of the present without compromising theability of future generations to meet their own needs.It contains within it two key concepts:• the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the worlds poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and• the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environments ability to meet present and future needs.“World Commission on Environment and Development, WCED (1987). Our common future, “BrundtlandReport”, Oxford University Press, p. 43.1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 3
  4. 4. What is Sustainable Development ? 2/3The idea of the “Three Pillars” ofSustainable Development:• Social• Economic• EnvironmentAdams, W.M. (2006). "The Future of Sustainability: Re-thinking Environment and Development in theTwenty-first Century." Report of the IUCN Renowned Thinkers Meeting, 29–31 January 2006.1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 4
  5. 5. What is Sustainable Development ? 3/3Three circles enclosed withinone another:• Economy and society are subsets of our planetary ecological system• Correcting misconception from “Three Pillars”• Social and economic systems cannot exist independently from the environmentAdams, W.M. (2006). "The Future of Sustainability: Re-thinking Environment and Development in theTwenty-first Century." Report of the IUCN Renowned Thinkers Meeting, 29–31 January 2006.1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 5
  6. 6. Evolution of SD Concepts 1/2• 1962 Rachel Carson Silent Spring – “turning point in our understanding of the interconnections among the environment, the economy and social wellbeing”• 1972 D.H. Meadows et al. The Limits to Growth, Report Club of Rome – predicts dire consequences if growth is not slowed, – Northern countries criticize for not including technological solutions – Southern countries incensed because it advocates abandonment of economic development1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 6
  7. 7. Evolution of SD Concepts 2/2• 1713 Sustainability – German “Nachhaltigkeit”: Mining Expert Carlowitz recognized the rapid deforestation and requested the “sustainable utilization of forests”.• “Sustainability” used as antagonism to “collapse”.• Collapse of societies always a result from overexploitation of available resources• Need to “relocate economy in the budget of nature”. U. Grober, 2010. The Discovery of Sustainability (“Die Entdeckung der Nachhaltigkeit”, in German)1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 7
  8. 8. Main Global SD Milestones• 1972: Stockholm, UN Conference on the Human Environment. Nat. environ. protection agencies, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).• 1987: Our Common Future (Brundtland Report). Report of World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED).• 1992: Rio de Janeiro, Earth Summit. UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). Agenda 21, Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).• 1993: UN CSD. UN Commission on Sustainable Development, follow-up to UNCED, enhance intern. coop., rationalize inter-governmental decision-making capacity.• 2000: UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Combating poverty, hunger, disease, illiteracy, environ. degradation, discrimination against women, to be achieved by 2015• 2002: Johannesburg, Plan of Implementation (JPoI), World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). 10 years after UNCED. Promotes “partnerships”, non- negotiated approach to Sustainable Development.1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 8
  9. 9. 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)• UNCED. UN Conference on Environment and Development, “Earth Summit” Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1992• Main outcomes: – Rio Declaration on Environment and Development – Agenda 21 – Non-binding Statement of Forest Principles – UN CCD. UN Convention to Combat Desertification – UN FCCC. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change – UN CBD. UN Convention on Biological Diversity1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 9
  10. 10. 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)• WSSD. World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa, 2002 – 10th anniversary of Agenda 21• Main outcomes: – Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPoI) – Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 10
  11. 11. Regional SD milestones• 2002: Arab Sustainable Development Initiative, Ministerial Initiative• 2006: SAICM. Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management, JPoI and Regional Initiative, Dubai, Feb 2006• 2007: Arab Sustainable Development Indicators (SDIs)• 2008: Regional Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Strategy in the Arab Region• 2009 - 2010: Arab Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction• 2011: Arab Regional PrepCom, Rio+20, Cairo1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 11
  12. 12. Regional Preparations for WSSD 2002• Regional Reporting – Progress Assessment Report for the Arab Region (2001), Agenda 21 – Sustainable Development Planning in the ESCWA Region (2001) – Governance for Sustainable Development in ESCWA Countries, Institutions & instruments for moving beyond an environmental management culture (2002) – ESCWA Thematic Briefing Notes• Regional Preparatory Meetings – Series of meetings in 2001-2002 with associated declarations Beirut, Jeddah , Abu Dhabi, Oman, Amman, Dubai – Arab Regional PrepCom held during JCEDAR Session (2001) – CAMRE Session (May 2002)• Ministerial Declarations – Arab Ministerial Declaration to WSSD (Oct 2001), issued by Arab Ministers resp. for development affairs, planning and environment – Joint AMCEN/CAMRE Ministerial Declaration on Sustainable Development (Jan 2002)• Regional Ministerial Initiative – The Sustainable Development Initiative in the Arab Region (2002)1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 12
  13. 13. Regional Preparations for Rio+20• Regional Reporting – Joint Background Paper on Green Economy (LAS, ESCWA, UNEP) submitted to CAMRE Session (Dec 2010) – Regional Report on the Green Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication (ESCWA) – Review of Institutions for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region (ESCWA) – Progress Report on the Implementation of Arab Initiative for Sustainable Development (LAS)• Regional Preparatory Meetings – Series of meetings in 2010-2011 with associated declarations Beirut, Cairo, Dubai, Jeddah – Arab Regional PrepCom held back-to-back with JCEDAR Session (2011) – CAMRE Session (2010, 2011)• Ministerial Declarations ? – Arab Ministerial Declaration to Rio+20, demonstrate renewed political commitment to Sustainable Development• Regional Ministerial Initiative ? – Issues & priorities for roadmap towards green economy1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 13
  14. 14. Partnerships for UNCSD / RIO+20 Regional PreparationsUN ESCWA mandated to lead regional preparationfor UNCSD / Rio+20, in close cooperation with:• LAS. League of Arab States• UNEP / ROWA. United Nations Environment Programme / Regional Office for West AsiaESCWA, LAS, UNEP / ROWA together form the• Joint Technical Secretariat of• JCEDAR. Joint Committee on Environment and Development in the Arab Region that advises the• CAMRE. Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for Environment1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 14
  15. 15. Regional Report on Green EconomyPreparation of a Regional Report on a Green Economywithin the context of Poverty Eradication and SustainableDevelopment in response to Rio+20 theme• Reviews most important concepts of green economy, existing regional challenges, and potential opportunities• Suggests a general framework to develop an Arab green economy strategy with stakeholders• Supports a green economy approach to Sustainable Development and poverty eradication in the Arab region1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 15
  16. 16. Regional Review of Institutions for SDExamine national and regional institutions forSustainable Development since WSSD (2002)• Updates the 2003 study of the institutional framework for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region• Evaluates progress that has been made in implementing its recommendations• Presents an updated set of recommendations that are directly related to the current regional and global context1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 16
  17. 17. Regional Preparatory Meetings Events Dates ObjectivesJCEDAR 16-19 Oct 2010 • Discussion of Regional12th Session Cairo Preparations for Rio+20CAMRE 19-20 Dec 2010 • Briefing on Green Economy22nd Session Cairo • Preparations for Rio+20Arab Regional 16-17 Oct 2011 • Discussion of regional reportsPrepCom Cairo • Arab Declaration • Regional Initiative – tbcJCEDAR 18-20 Oct 2011 • Review of outputs of the Arab13th Session Cairo Regional PrepComCAMRE 21-22 Dec 2011 • Declaration, confirms political will23rd Session Cairo • Arab ministerial initiative – tbc1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 17
  18. 18. Regional Preparatory Meetings Expert Group & Specialized Meetings Events Dates ObjectivesRegional Workshop on Trade and 15-16 Dec 2010, Discuss the basic concepts of a GE and theEnvironment: Developing the EGS Sector in Beirut contribution that EGS can give to thethe Arab Region for Transformation into GE achievement of such an economy3rd Roundtable Meeting on Sustainable 26-27 Jan 2011, Showcase best practices, review progress andConsumption and Production in the Arab Cairo exchange views on the needs and prioritiesRegion: Paving the Path to GE in the Arab of the region to promote the shift to SCP andRegion the transition to a GESide Event to 15th RCM Meeting: UN-LAS 2 Jun 2011, Discuss potential regional cooperation forConsultation Beirut Rio+201st Meeting of the Arab Working Group on 7-8 Jun 2011, CAMRE and UNEP/ROWA led. Draw-up aClean Fuel and Vehicles Cairo regional strategy and roadmap for clean fuels and vehiclesRegional Preparatory Meeting for Rio+20: 20-21 Jul 2011, Discuss GE policies with policy makers inEconomic Policies Supporting the Transition Beirut ministries of financeto a GE in the Arab RegionCivil society consultation meeting on Rio+20 Sep 2011, Beirut Consultation with Civil Society on Rio+20Green Industry Seminar 28-30 Sep 2011, Consultation on issues affecting regional Beirut industry in a green economy16th meeting of the Regional Coordination 17-18 Nov 2011, Proposals and Follow-up from 15th RCMMechanism (RCM) for Arab States Beirut Meeting Side Event1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 18
  19. 19. Regional Preparatory Meetings Stakeholder Meetings 1/3 • Regional Workshop on Trade and Environment: Trade and Developing the EGS Sector in the Arab Region for Transformation into a Green Economy (Beirut, Dec Environment 2010) – UNEP, LAS • 3rd Roundtable Meeting on Sustainable Consumption Energy and Production in the Arab Region: Paving the Path to Green Economy in the Arab Region (Cairo, Jan 2011) Stakeholders – UNEP, CEDARE • 15th RCM side event (Beirut, Jun 2011) UN agencies • 16th RCM (Beirut, Nov2011) • National workshops in Lebanon, Jordan (Mar 2011, Private sector Jun 2011) - Lebanon Opportunities, Jordan Chamber of Industry1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 19
  20. 20. Regional Preparatory Meetings Stakeholder Meetings 2/3 Inter-ministerial • Saudi Arabia national • Syria preparedness • Economic Policies Supporting the Transition to a Finance Green Economy in the Arab Region (Beirut, Jul 2011) – UNEP, LAS, IdF • Green Jobs Kick-Off Workshop in the Arab States: Labor Lebanon Case Study (Beirut, Jul 2011) - ILO Water • Water in the Green Economy in Practice: Towards Rio+20 (Zaragoza, Oct 2011) - UN-Water and stakeholders various partners1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 20
  21. 21. Regional Preparatory Meetings Stakeholder Meetings 3/3 • Conference on the Role of Green Industries in Promoting Socio-economic Development in the Industry Arab Region (Beirut, Sep 2011) – AIDMO, UNIDO, GIZ • Regional Major Groups and Stakeholders Consultation in preparation for the Rio+20 Summit (Dubai, Oct 2011), UNEP • Regional Multi-Stakeholder Consultation for Civil society CSOs in the Arab Region in preparation for the Rio+20 Summit (Beirut, Oct 2011) – ANND • RAED consultations (Cairo, Oct 2011) • Major Groups Training (Cairo, Oct 2011) - DESA • Workshop on Institutional Framework for SD Institutions Sustainable Development in the Arab Region (Jeddah, Oct 2011) – PME, UNEP, UNESCO1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 21
  22. 22. Way forward: Where are we going with 2012 Rio+20?• Globally: – UN GA Resolution 64/236, Dec 2009: • UNCSD, Rio+20 to be held 2012 in Brazil – Objectives: • To secure renewed political commitment for Sustainable Development; • To assess progress and implementation gaps in summit outcomes on Sustainable Development implementation; • To address new and emerging challenges. – Themes: • Institutional framework for Sustainable Development (IFSD); • A green economy in the context of Sustainable Development and poverty eradication.1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 22
  23. 23. Way forward: Where are we going with 2012 Rio+20?• Globally: – 2012: Rio de Janeiro, Rio+20.• Regionally: – Consolidation of Arab approaches to Sustainable Development, – Comparison and benchmarking of national SDI approaches.• Nationally: – Increasing efforts to implement SD plans with measurable indicators adapted from Arab SDIs, – Increasing support for and implementation of UN MEAs, – Increasing efforts to reduce negative ranking in global environmental indices.1 February 2012 www.escwa.un.org 23
  24. 24. ‫ا‬ ً‫شكر‬Sustainable Development (SD)at Global and Regional LevelsRiyadh, Saudi Arabia Ralf Klingbeil21-22 November 2011 Regional Advisor Environment & Water

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