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Remote Sensing in EnvironmentalHazard Mitigation:Examples from ESCWA regionMuscat-Seeb, Oman     Ralf Klingbeil,19-22 Dece...
Outline• ESCWA and Sustainable Development and  Productivity Division - SDPD• Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitig...
UN ESCWA and the                     Regional Dimension in the UN                                   ECE                   ...
UN ESCWA• 1973 founded as ECWA –  Economic Commission for Western Asia• 1985 renamed as ESCWA - Economic and  Social Commi...
UN ESCWA• 14 Member Countries   •   Bahrain   •   Egypt   •   Iraq   •   Jordan   •   Kuwait   •   Lebanon   •   Qatar   •...
OrganizationalChart01 February, 2012   www.escwa.un.org   6
SDPD - Issues                                                                          Productive         Energy          ...
Outline• ESCWA and Sustainable Development and  Productivity Division - SDPD• Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitig...
Remote Sensing and         Geographic Information Systems• Overview• Examples     – Shaban, A., et al., 2007:       A Post...
Airborne Survey or Remote Sensing       Airborne Survey                       Space Tracking                         Purpo...
Commonly used satellite images                       and their specifications  Satellite         # Bands   Resolution     ...
NASA Present and Future Space MissionsThose written in Yellow aresatellite to be lunched .     NASA Present and Future Spa...
RS and GIS for Flood Control01 February, 2012            www.escwa.un.org      13after A. Shaban
RS and GIS for                    Flash Flood Hazard Assessment                    Rainfall                    Rainfall   ...
RS and GIS for                    Flash Flood Hazard Assessment                                                           ...
Rainfall Data                    http://disc2.nascom.nasa.gov/Giovanni/tovas/TRMM_V6.3B42.2.shtml      TRMM Tropical Rainf...
Rainfall Data     TRMM                                                   Precipitation(Tropical Rainfall                  ...
Groundwater Pollution Risk                            Elements of            Weight of       Factor                 impact...
Groundwater Recharge Zones                                                 GIS Layers                                     ...
Pollution Risk from Landfills                          in Fractured Rocks                    Identifying fractures (breaks...
Natural Hazards:                      Earthquakes and Reservoirs      Natural Hazards        Constructing a dam at the    ...
Monitoring Oil spills by          continues airborne survey using LIDAR                                            NASA-DC...
Lebanon: Oil Spill, 200601 February, 2012          www.escwa.un.org    23after A. Shaban
Lebanon: Oil Spill, 200601 February, 2012          www.escwa.un.org    24after A. Shaban
Lebanon: Oil Spill, 200601 February, 2012          www.escwa.un.org    25after A. Shaban
Saudi Arabia: Flooding, Jeddah, 200901 February, 2012        www.escwa.un.org          26after M. Al Saud
Saudi Arabia: Flooding, Jeddah, 200901 February, 2012        www.escwa.un.org          27after M. Al Saud
Saudi Arabia: Flooding, Jeddah, 200901 February, 2012        www.escwa.un.org Al Saud                                   af...
Arab Region: Sea Level Rise, 1m – 5m01 February, 2012       www.escwa.un.org          29after E. Ghoneim
UAE: DEM, SLR = 1m       1.2% of Sharjah, 8.1% Ajman, 5.9% U.A.Q.01 February, 2012     www.escwa.un.org            30after...
West Asia: Dust Storm, May 2005                    Total length: 1700 km01 February, 2012         www.escwa.un.org       3...
Outline• ESCWA and Sustainable Development and  Productivity Division - SDPD• Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitig...
Regional Advisor services             as part of Technical Cooperation• Coordinating RA services:  Technical Cooperation S...
Regional Advisor services             as part of Technical Cooperation• Regular Programme of Technical Cooperation  (RPTC)...
Regional Advisor services             as part of Technical Cooperation   • ESCWA RA services in        – National Accounts...
RA requests Env & Wat 2009-10Total: 98Environment: 38Water: 60                              Status: 06 Oct 201001 February...
RA requests Env & Wat 2009-10  Total: 98 / Environment: 38, Water: 60          Status: 06 Oct 201001 February, 2012       ...
Fields of Regional Advisor servicesUN ESCWA provides RA services through• Regional Advisor on Environment and Water,• ESCW...
Strategy Level - Water•   Ministry of Economy and Planning (MoEP),    Saudi Arabia•   Date of request: July 2009•   MoEP c...
Strategy Level - Water• Ministry of Economy and Planning (MoEP),  Saudi Arabia• Date of request: July 2009• Review meeting...
Policy - Water• Ministry of Municipalities and Agricultural Affairs  (MMAA), Bahrain• Date of request: September 2010• MMA...
Capacity Development - Water• Public Authority of Electricity and Water (PAEW),  Sultanate of Oman• Date of request: May 2...
Requests from Oman• MoNE: National Focal Point for the  Coordination of TC Requests to ESCWA• Requests in the filed of env...
Requests from OmanInstitution          Activity / Background                  StatusMoNE        Mainstreaming of environme...
Requests from OmanInstitution          Activity / Background                       StatusPAEW        Assessment of and tra...
Requests from OmanInstitution           Activity / Background            StatusMRMWR Hydrogeological map and groundwater D...
Remote Sensing in EnvironmentalHazard Mitigation:Examples from ESCWA regionMuscat-Seeb, Oman     Ralf Klingbeil,19-22 Dece...
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R. Klingbeil, 2010: Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitigation: Examples from ESCWA region

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Klingbeil, R., 2010. Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitigation: Examples from ESCWA region. Presentation at the Regional Training Workshop on Application of GIS and Remote Sensing in Water Resources Management, 19-22 December 2010, Muscat, Oman.

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Transcript of "R. Klingbeil, 2010: Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitigation: Examples from ESCWA region"

  1. 1. Remote Sensing in EnvironmentalHazard Mitigation:Examples from ESCWA regionMuscat-Seeb, Oman Ralf Klingbeil,19-22 December 2010 Regional Advisor Environment & Water
  2. 2. Outline• ESCWA and Sustainable Development and Productivity Division - SDPD• Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitigation – General Aspects – Lebanon, Oil Spill – Saudi Arabia, Flooding – Arab region, UAE: Sea Level Rise – West Asia: Dust Storms• ESCWA Regional Advisor (RA) services – ESCWA Technical Cooperation (TC) – Requests from Oman01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 2
  3. 3. UN ESCWA and the Regional Dimension in the UN ECE 1947 ESCWA ECLAC 1973 1948 ECA ESCAP 1958 194701 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 3
  4. 4. UN ESCWA• 1973 founded as ECWA – Economic Commission for Western Asia• 1985 renamed as ESCWA - Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia• Stages: – 1973-1982 Beirut, – 1982-1991 Baghdad, – 1991-1997 Amman, – since 1997 Beirut01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 4
  5. 5. UN ESCWA• 14 Member Countries • Bahrain • Egypt • Iraq • Jordan • Kuwait • Lebanon • Qatar • Oman • Palestine • Saudi Arabia • Sudan • Syrian Arab Republic • United Arab Emirates • Yemen 01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 5
  6. 6. OrganizationalChart01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 6
  7. 7. SDPD - Issues Productive Energy Water Sectors § Energy efficiency § Integrated water § Competitiveness § Access to modern resource and productivity of energy services management SMEs § Renewable (IWRM) § Environmentally energies § Management of sound technologies § Advanced/cleaner shared water § Sustainable fossil fuels resources agriculture and § Rural electrification § Improved water rural development § Sustainable energy supply and § Trade and use in transport sanitation environment Cross-cutting issues: § Climate change adaptation and mitigation § Sustainable consumption and production § Green economy01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 7
  8. 8. Outline• ESCWA and Sustainable Development and Productivity Division - SDPD• Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitigation – General Aspects – Lebanon, Oil Spill – Saudi Arabia, Flooding – Arab region, UAE: Sea Level Rise – West Asia: Dust Storms• ESCWA Regional Advisor (RA) services – ESCWA Technical Cooperation (TC) – Requests from Oman01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 8
  9. 9. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems• Overview• Examples – Shaban, A., et al., 2007: A Post-Conflict Assessment to Interpret the Distribution of Oil Spill Off-Shore Lebanon Using Remote Sensing. Leb. Sc. J., 8, 2, 2007, pp. 75-85. – Al Saud, M., 2010: Assessment of Flood Hazard of Jeddah Area 2009, Saudi Arabia. JWARP, 2010, 2, pp. 839-847. – Ghoneim, E., 2009: A Remote Sensing Study of Some Impacts of Global Warming on the Arab Region. AFED, Annual report 2009 on Climate Change, pp. 31-46.01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 9
  10. 10. Airborne Survey or Remote Sensing Airborne Survey Space Tracking Purpose ? Aerial photo Satellite Images01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 10after A. Shaban
  11. 11. Commonly used satellite images and their specifications Satellite # Bands Resolution Revisit time Swath width Altitude 30 m, Landsat 7 183 km x 7 120 m thermal, 16 days 705 km ETM 183 km 15 m pan. 5 m, 60 km x SPOT 5 26 days 905 km 2.5 m pan. 63 km 15 m VNIR, 60 km x ASTER 14 30 m SWIR, 16 days 705 km 60 km 90 m TIR. 11.3 km x IKONOS 5 0.82 m 3 days 681 km 11.3 km 16.5 km x Quick Bird 5 0.61 m 1-3 days 450 km 16.5 km 250 m, 2030 km MODIS 36 2 days 705 km 1 km x 1354 km01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 11after A. Shaban
  12. 12. NASA Present and Future Space MissionsThose written in Yellow aresatellite to be lunched . NASA Present and Future Space Missions 01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 12 (NASA, 2009)
  13. 13. RS and GIS for Flood Control01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 13after A. Shaban
  14. 14. RS and GIS for Flash Flood Hazard Assessment Rainfall Rainfall Elevation Elevation Drainage Density Flow Volume Drainage Flow Density Volume Hazard ZonesZones Hazard Fracture Fracture Density Slope Slope Density Basin Basin Shape Shape01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 14G. Al-Rowas
  15. 15. RS and GIS for Flash Flood Hazard Assessment Rainfall regime Flood plain Drainage Syria Catchment Infiltration capacity Land cover/use Flood-prone area01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org after A. Shaban 15
  16. 16. Rainfall Data http://disc2.nascom.nasa.gov/Giovanni/tovas/TRMM_V6.3B42.2.shtml TRMM Tropical Rainfall Mapping Mission Radar based tool01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 16after A. Shaban Data can be graphically illustrated
  17. 17. Rainfall Data TRMM Precipitation(Tropical Rainfall (mm)Mapping Mission) Daily Rainfall data available Beirut 01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 17 after A. Shaban
  18. 18. Groundwater Pollution Risk Elements of Weight of Factor impact influenceFracture system Fracture density 25% Clay content, secondary Lithology porosity 20% GIS Drainage Drainage density 20% Flow energy/ 15% Slope accumulationLand cover/use Land surface sealing 20%01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 18after A. Shaban
  19. 19. Groundwater Recharge Zones GIS Layers GIS Groundwater Recharge Potential Map01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 19after A. Shaban
  20. 20. Pollution Risk from Landfills in Fractured Rocks Identifying fractures (breaks) landfills 1200m Transport of contaminated water from landfill along a fault to the river water01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 20after A. Shaban
  21. 21. Natural Hazards: Earthquakes and Reservoirs Natural Hazards Constructing a dam at the cross-section of two faults: a dangerous practice.01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 21after A. Shaban
  22. 22. Monitoring Oil spills by continues airborne survey using LIDAR NASA-DC-8 Scanning LIDAR Real-time LIDAR Display Oil spills Arabian Gulf01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 22after A. Shaban
  23. 23. Lebanon: Oil Spill, 200601 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 23after A. Shaban
  24. 24. Lebanon: Oil Spill, 200601 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 24after A. Shaban
  25. 25. Lebanon: Oil Spill, 200601 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 25after A. Shaban
  26. 26. Saudi Arabia: Flooding, Jeddah, 200901 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 26after M. Al Saud
  27. 27. Saudi Arabia: Flooding, Jeddah, 200901 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 27after M. Al Saud
  28. 28. Saudi Arabia: Flooding, Jeddah, 200901 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org Al Saud after M. 28
  29. 29. Arab Region: Sea Level Rise, 1m – 5m01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 29after E. Ghoneim
  30. 30. UAE: DEM, SLR = 1m 1.2% of Sharjah, 8.1% Ajman, 5.9% U.A.Q.01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 30after E. Ghoneim
  31. 31. West Asia: Dust Storm, May 2005 Total length: 1700 km01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 31after E. Ghoneim
  32. 32. Outline• ESCWA and Sustainable Development and Productivity Division - SDPD• Remote Sensing in Environmental Hazard Mitigation – General Aspects – Lebanon, Oil Spill – Saudi Arabia, Flooding – Arab region, UAE: Sea Level Rise – West Asia: Dust Storms• ESCWA Regional Advisor (RA) services – ESCWA Technical Cooperation (TC) – Requests from Oman01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 32
  33. 33. Regional Advisor services as part of Technical Cooperation• Coordinating RA services: Technical Cooperation Section (TCS) in the Programme Planning and Technical Cooperation Division (PPTCD)• TC-Network: Coordination with national Focal Points for Technical Cooperation• National TC workshops: Jordan, Oman and Palestine• Multi-disciplinary missions: Sudan and Yemen01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 33
  34. 34. Regional Advisor services as part of Technical Cooperation• Regular Programme of Technical Cooperation (RPTC) budget: – 2008-2009: 2,269,800 USD/year (4,539,600 USD/biennium) – 2010: 2,423,600 USD/year, Δ +6.7 %• RPTC budget allotment for Integrated Management of Natural Resources for Sustainable Development - SDPD: – 2008-2009: 289,250 USD/year (578,500 USD/biennium) : 12.7 % – 2010: 329,100 USD/year : 13.6 % , Δ +13,8 %01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 34
  35. 35. Regional Advisor services as part of Technical Cooperation • ESCWA RA services in – National Accounts & Economic Statistics – Macroeconomic Policy – Empowerment & Advancement of Women – ENVIRONMENT & WATER – Social Statistics – Social Policy – Information & Communication Technology (ICT)01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 35
  36. 36. RA requests Env & Wat 2009-10Total: 98Environment: 38Water: 60 Status: 06 Oct 201001 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 36
  37. 37. RA requests Env & Wat 2009-10 Total: 98 / Environment: 38, Water: 60 Status: 06 Oct 201001 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 37
  38. 38. Fields of Regional Advisor servicesUN ESCWA provides RA services through• Regional Advisor on Environment and Water,• ESCWA / SDPD Staff Members or• Specialised consultantsin the form of• Strategy / Policy level: – Assistance in strategic national sector planning – Reviewing of national / regional studies – Backstopping on national level assessments• Technical advice: – Support in technical studies on national, regional or local level• Capacity development: – Training courses on specific fields – Exchange programmes with other Member Countries01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 38
  39. 39. Strategy Level - Water• Ministry of Economy and Planning (MoEP), Saudi Arabia• Date of request: July 2009• MoEP commissioned by His Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, to lead a Steering Committee of five ministries (MoEP, MoWE, MoF, MoCI, MoA)• MoEP requested ESCWA RA assistance in supervision of consultancy “Assessment and Strategic Management of the Water Sector” – Assist government / MoEP in reviewing consultancy study – Comment to MoEP on progress reports of the consultants – Offer recommendations to MoEP for issues which might need to be addressed – Contribute to the overall review of the consultancy report at the end of the study period UNEP/GRID, 200401 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 39
  40. 40. Strategy Level - Water• Ministry of Economy and Planning (MoEP), Saudi Arabia• Date of request: July 2009• Review meetings with MoEP, consultant and other resource persons• 5 missions, 2-3 days each, over 8 months (July 2009 – February 2010)• Review and comments on consultant progress reports and draft final report• ESCWA RA assisted MoEP in the progress of the comprehensive national assessment of the water sector in Saudi Arabia01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 40
  41. 41. Policy - Water• Ministry of Municipalities and Agricultural Affairs (MMAA), Bahrain• Date of request: September 2010• MMAA requested ESCWA RA assistance in discussing aspects of Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) with concerned stakeholders, and reviewing and assessing on-going work on MAR in Bahrain – ESCWA RA attended 1st Ad-hoc National Technical Consultation Group meeting on Managed Aquifer Recharge in Bahrain – Proposal for institutionalization of national dialogue process under the newly set up National Water Resources Council – Commented on-going technical work Rausch, 200801 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 41
  42. 42. Capacity Development - Water• Public Authority of Electricity and Water (PAEW), Sultanate of Oman• Date of request: May 2009• PAEW through the Ministry of National Economy (MoNE) requested ESCWA RA assistance in conducting a national training course for drinking water quality – ESCWA RA services arranged for two consultants from Jordan and Lebanon to conduct a one week training course on drinking water quality for government institutions from Oman – Training course took place in October 2009 – 60 participants from different government institutions in Oman01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 42
  43. 43. Requests from Oman• MoNE: National Focal Point for the Coordination of TC Requests to ESCWA• Requests in the filed of environment and water from: – Ministry of National Economy – MoNE – Ministry of Commerce and Industry – MoCI – Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs – MECA – Ministry of Regional Municipalities and Water Resources – MRMWR – Public Authority for Electricity and Water – PAEW01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 43
  44. 44. Requests from OmanInstitution Activity / Background StatusMoNE Mainstreaming of environment in Ongoing, sector planning to be discussedMoCI 1. Establishment of a database; ESCWA proposal 2. Establishment of a funding system National Workshop for SMEs; “Green Future of 3. Evaluation of SMEs within national SMEs in Oman”, economic indicators; to be discussed 4. Assistance in devising policies for development of SMEs.MRMWR New / re-estimation of Ongoing national water budgetMRMWR "Regional Training Workshop on Ongoing Application of GIS and RS in Water Resources Management“01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 44
  45. 45. Requests from OmanInstitution Activity / Background StatusPAEW Assessment of and training on quality Draft Consultant control and quality assurance in Vacancy drinking water laboratories Announcement, to be discussedPAEW Suitable drinking water quality limits for Ongoing. Boron Draft report to be discussedPAEW National drinking water quality Vacancy reporting Announcement, to be draftedMRMWR Water demand management Awaits further clarification from MRMWR01 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 45
  46. 46. Requests from OmanInstitution Activity / Background StatusMRMWR Hydrogeological map and groundwater DONE, database 08-09 Oct 2009, 04-16 Jan 2010MRMWR Groundwater contaminant solute DONE, transport modelling (consultant, 08-12 May 2010 training)MRMWR Review of studies DONE, 08-09 Oct 2009PAEW Drinking Water Quality (consultants, DONE, training) 10-14 Oct 200901 February, 2012 www.escwa.un.org 46
  47. 47. Remote Sensing in EnvironmentalHazard Mitigation:Examples from ESCWA regionMuscat-Seeb, Oman Ralf Klingbeil,19-22 December 2010 Regional Advisor Environment & Water

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