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N. Momjian & R. Klingbeil, 2014. Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation.
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N. Momjian & R. Klingbeil, 2014. Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation.

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Momjian, N. & Klingbeil R., 2014. Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation. Presentation at UNESCO-IHP, ...

Momjian, N. & Klingbeil R., 2014. Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation. Presentation at UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD Workshop "Scaling-up Integrated Natural Resource Management, Furthering Knowledge on Groundwater Resources Management and Strengthening Monitoring and Evaluation Systems in the GEF MENARID Program", 16-18 June 2014, Beirut, Lebanon.

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    N. Momjian & R. Klingbeil, 2014. Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation. N. Momjian & R. Klingbeil, 2014. Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation. Presentation Transcript

    • Nanor Momjian GIS Expert, Water Resources Section Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (SDPD) Legal Issues and the ESCWA-BGR Inventory on Shared Water Resources in Western Asia as a Knowledge Base for Transboundary Cooperation Workshop Scaling-up Integrated Natural Resource Management, furthering knowledge on groundwater resources management and strengthening Monitoring and Evaluation systems in the GEF MENARID program UNESCO-IHP, ICARDA, IFAD - Beirut, Lebanon 16-18 June 2014 Ralf Klingbeil Regional Advisor Environment and Water Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (SDPD)
    • Outline Transboundary Aquifers Overview of Global and Regional Legal Instruments Shared Groundwater – Transboundary Aquifer Systems “Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia” Examples:  Umm er Radhuma – Dammam Aquifer System (South): Rub’ al Khali  Saq-Ram Aquifer System (West) Sub-Regional studies and agreement Examples:  Kuwait  Jordan River Basin Dialogue Outlook and Conclusion 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 2
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Transboundary Aquifers RedrawnbyUN-ESCWA-BGR,2013basedonPuriandArnold2002 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 3
    • 1966 Helsinki Rules 1997 UN Watercourse Convention 2014 Entry into Force 1992 UN ECE Water Convention 2003 UN ECE Amendment 1998 SADC Water Protocol 2000 SADC Revised Water Protocol 2000 EU WFD 2006 EU GW Dir 2008 UN GA Law of TBAs 2011, -13, -16 UN GA Reviews 2010 AMWC Res for Drafting AWC Annual AMWC Reviews Overview Global and Regional Legal Instruments 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 4
    • Legal Framework for Shared Water in the Arab Region – “Arab Water Convention” Preparation of Draft Text for Legal Framework, Cooperation of • UN ESCWA • Centre of Water Studies and Arab Water Security • supported by ACSAD, BGR Germany Arab Ministerial Water Council (AMWC) Resolutions • Res. No. 20, Second Session, Cairo - 2 Jul 2010 • Res. No. 37, Third Session, Cairo - 15 Jun 2011 • Res. No. 56, Fourth Session, Baghdad - 29 May 2012 • Res. No. 71, Fifth Session, Cairo - 06 Jul 2013 • Res. 71 of Exec. Bureau of AMWC - 29 Jan 2014 • Fourth Consultative Meeting, Ministries of Water and Foreign Affairs, Cairo - 28-29 Apr 2014 Legal Framework for Shared Water in the Arab Region 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 5
    • Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia INVENTORY OF SHARED WATER RESOURCES IN WESTERN ASIA
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic The Inventory is… the first UN-led effort to take stock of the region’s shared surface and groundwater resources in a comprehensive, systematic and standardized manner. Key Themes: • Hydrology, hydrogeology • Water resources development and use, • Agreements and cross-border management efforts. Objectives: • Identify, and document the state of shared water resources and their use • Improve the knowledge base and facilitate information access • Create awareness and stimulate informed dialogue within and between riparian countries • Support regional processes towards improved dialogue and cooperation over shared water resources Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia — Overview 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 7
    • Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia — Work Process 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 8
    • A total of 22 shared aquifer systems and 6 shared river basins were identified. 9 chapters on shared surface waters and 17 chapters on shared aquifer systems, each following a standardized structure and methodology. 624 pages of detailed information with 60 new maps and over 200 figures, tables and boxes. Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia — Content www.waterinventory.org 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 9
    • www.waterinventory.org Inventory - Chapter Features - Groundwater
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Shared Water Resources in Western Asia Cenozoic Era Umm er Radhuma-Dammam Aquifer System (North): Widyan- Salman Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia Umm er Radhuma-Dammam Aquifer System (Centre): Gulf Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia Umm er Radhuma-Dammam Aquifer System (South): Rub’ al Khali Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Neogene Aquifer System (South- East), Dibdibba-Kuwait Group: Dibdibba Delta Basin Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia Neogene Aquifer System (North- West), Upper and Lower Fars: Jezira Basin Iraq, Syria Tawil-Quaternary Aquifer System: Wadi Sirhan Basin Jordan, Saudi Arabia Basalt Aquifer System (South): Azraq-Dhuleil Basin Jordan, Syria Basalt Aquifer System (West): Yarmouk Basin Jordan, Syria Coastal Aquifer Basin Egypt, Israel, Palestine Jezira Tertiary Limestone Aquifer System Syria, Turkey Taurus-Zagros Iran, Iraq, Turkey www.waterinventory.org
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Shared Water Resources in Western Asia Mesozoic and Paleozoic Eras Anti-Lebanon Lebanon, Syria Western Aquifer Basin Egypt, Israel, Palestine Wasia-Biyadh-Aruma Aquifer System (North): Sakaka-Rutba Iraq, Saudi Arabia Wasia-Biyadh-Aruma Aquifer System (South): Tawila- Mahra/Cretaceous Sands Saudi Arabia, Yemen Saq-Ram Aquifer System (West) Jordan, Saudi Arabia Wajid Aquifer System Saudi Arabia, Yemen www.waterinventory.org
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Umm er Radhuma – Dammam Aquifer System (South): Rub’ al Khali
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Umm er Radhuma – Dammam Aquifer System (South): Rub’ al Khali CompiledbyESCWA-BGRbasedonUN-ESCWAandBGR,1999 CompiledbyESCWA-BGRbasedonRizkandAlsharhan,2008;Ministry ofRegionalMunicipalitiesandWaterResourcesinOman,2005
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Saq Ram Aquifer System (West) Example: Saq-Ram Aquifer System (West) – ‘Disi’ Aquifer • approximate exploitability • groundwater development 17 June, 2014 15
    • Euphrates River – Syrian Arab Republic Saq Ram Aquifer System (West) Agricultural Statistics Example: Water Use Remote Sensing Studies Alsharhanetal.,2001.
    • VISIT OUR WEBSITE www.waterinventory.org contact: waterinventory@un.org United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) P.O. Box 11-8575 Beirut, Lebanon INVENTORY OF SHARED WATER RESOURCES IN WESTERN ASIA
    • Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR) Assistance in field of shared groundwater & aquifers – KISR / ESCWA Workshop Shared Groundwater Aquifers in GCC Countries, April 2014, – ESCWA Presentation “Recent Developments at Global and Regional Level on Shared Groundwater Aquifers with a Focus on Arab Gulf Countries”, – Support and technical inputs to develop research proposal on shared groundwater aquifers between Kuwait and neighbouring countries, Further activities envisaged – Assistance in review of research proposal, – Backstopping and advice through participation in advisory committee. Transboundary Aquifer Research cooperation between Kuwait and neighbouring countries www.waterinventory.org 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 18
    • 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 19 ESCWA Requested by Palestinian Water Authority (PWA) Based on ESCWA - BGR Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia (2013) UN ESCWA facilitated riparian dialogue, cooperating under 1997 UN Convention on Non-Navigational Uses of International Water Courses Addressed themes: Hydrology and hydrogeology, historic development of water use and options for further cooperation between riparian First meeting: Amman, April 2014 Jordan River Basin Dialogue
    • Conclusions and Outlook 1/2 Water is included in every agreement/dispute for it is involved in many sectors (food, energy..) Understanding the benefits of cooperation for each riparian and focusing on shared benefits (protection of shared water resources) rather than divided water. Global and regional legal frameworks for cooperation are developing to also address transboundary aquifers The lack of accurate data (spatial extent of Aquifer System boundary) hampers joint water resources management. Sharing agreements need to take into account historic & prior use There is not a single agreement on shared groundwater resources in the region at the Aquifer System level. 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 20
    • Groundwater plays an important role in surface water basins, a link which is often overlooked. A new thinking is required to deal with large regional aquifer systems from a shared perspective. Aquifer Management unit does not equal to the entire Aquifer System It is already too late to save some shared waters ESCWA BGR Inventory useful to improved understanding of shared groundwater between countries in the region. Further joint transboundary research cooperation can be developed with a focus on win-win solutions for all parties. The Groundwater in the region is largely non- renewable & aquifers are rapidly being depleted. 17 June, 2014 www.escwa.un.org 21 Conclusions and Outlook 2/2
    • VISIT OUR WEBSITE www.waterinventory.org contact: waterinventory@un.org Thank you for your attention! United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) P.O. Box 11-8575 Beirut, Lebanon Nanor Momjian GIS Expert, Water Resources Section Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (SDPD) Ralf Klingbeil Regional Advisor Environment and Water Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (SDPD)