Stress

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Stress

  1. 1. STRESS
  2. 2. OUTLINE 2 • Stress • Levels of stress • Stages of stress • Causes of stress • Effects of stress • Stress Management
  3. 3. DEFINITION 3 • The mind or body’s response to real/imagined threats/changes/events. • Stress stimulants: stressors 1) Internal: nutrition, health and fitness levels, emotional well-being and sleep. 2) External: physical environment, job, home and relationships.
  4. 4. LEVELS OF STRESS 4 • Eustress: positive/pleasant/curative; motivates action for accomplishments • Distress: negative; negative reaction to daily activities
  5. 5. STAGES OF STRESS
  6. 6. ALARM STAGE 6 • Primary stage • Threat encounter – nervous system sends urgent signals to brain • Body parts and functions coordinate to fight back or flee • Example: accident
  7. 7. RESISTANCE STAGE 7 • No relief from alarm, energy drops • Urge to fight – hastiness, impatience and exasperation • Cutting short of sleep • Indications: weariness, exhaustion, anxiety and forgetfulness • Prone to colds and influenza
  8. 8. EXHAUSTION STAGE 8 • Completely tired and drained • Hatred towards life • System breakdown and mental disequilibrium • Result: heart diseases, blood pressure and ulcers
  9. 9. SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
  10. 10. COGNITIVE SYMPTOMS 10 • Inability to concentrate • Memory problems • Pessimism • Anxiety • Constant worrying
  11. 11. EMOTIONAL SYMPTOMS 11 • Irritability/moodiness • Agitation/inability to relax • Overwhelmed • Loneliness/isolation • Depression/unhappiness
  12. 12. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS 12 • Aches/pains • Diarrhea/constipation • Nausea/dizziness • Accelerated pulse rate • Frequent colds
  13. 13. BEHAVIOURAL SYMPTOMS 13 • Eating more/less • Sleeping too much/little • Isolation • Procrastination • Substance abuse • Nervousness – nail-biting, pacing
  14. 14. • Internal: • Uncertainties • Pessimism • Negating self-talk • Unrealistic expectations • Lack of assertiveness • Perfectionism • External: • Life changes • Work • Relationship problems • Financial issues • Hectic schedule • Illness CAUSES OF STRESS 14
  15. 15. EFFECTS OF STRESS
  16. 16. • Eating too much/little • Food cravings • Sudden anger outbursts • Substance abuse • Increased tobacco consumption • Alienation • Frequent crying • Relationship problems BEHAVIOUR 16
  17. 17. • Anger • Anxiety • Burnout • Depression • Insecurity • Forgetfulness • Irritability • Inability to concentrate • Restlessness • Sadness • Fatigue THOUGHTS/EMOTIONS 17
  18. 18. • Sweat • Body/chest pain • Cramps/muscle spasms • Fainting • Headache • Heart diseases • Hypertension [High BP] • Immunity loss • Muscular aches • Nail biting • Nervous twitches • Pins and needles • Sleeping difficulties • Upset stomach BODY 18
  19. 19. • Exercise • Assertiveness • Caffeine/alcohol/drugs • Nutrition • Time management • Talk • Seek professional assistance • Practice relaxation techniques STRESS MANAGEMENT 19
  20. 20. REFERENCES 20 • http://www.helpguide.org/mental/stress_signs.htm • http://www.medicinenet.com/stress/article.htm • http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/145855.php • http://www.jacobgan.com/Stress/Stages-of-Stress.html

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