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Open ______? MmIt Nw
Open ______? MmIt Nw
Open ______? MmIt Nw
Open ______? MmIt Nw
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Open ______? MmIt Nw


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Presentation at MmIT NW on Open repositories, content, data and libraries …

Presentation at MmIT NW on Open repositories, content, data and libraries

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  • Please note: due to ill health the presentation was not actually delivered on the day, but is made available for the benefit of delegates and anyone else who is interested.
  • – OA repositories by continent
  • [disclaimer – this is the area I know the least about]
  • NC SA BY
  • Transcript

    • 1. Open ________ ?Libraries, repositories, and cultural change
      Presentation at CILIP MmIT NW: Emerging Technologies; June 17th 2009
      R. John Robertson, CETIS,
      University of Strathclyde
      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 UK: Scotland License.
    • 2. Outline
      Open _________?
      Open Access
      Open Content
      Open Data
      Open Libraries?
    • 3. Introduction
      A JISC innovation centre in the domain of educational technology and interoperability standards
      My background:
      JISC projects and most recently Repositories Research Team
    • 4. Open _________?
      Look at some current trends and initiatives using the word ‘Open’
      Consider some of their key features and their impact for libraries and librarians
      Mostly focused around repositories
      Not talking about:
      Open Source software (
      Open Id (
      Open APIs (
    • 5. Open Access
      R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007
    • 6. Open Access – cultural overview
      Cultural (as is...)
      The translation of an informal offline practice into the digital age – sharing copies of your paper
      Speed (submission to press can be a long time)
      Rights? (it’s mine to distribute... ; who funded the work? )
      Costs and conditions (modern journal subscriptions)
      Budapest Open Access Initiative (
      PLoSdftn: "free availability and unrestricted use“ via Peter Suber
      Approaches: ‘self-archive’ ; OA journals
      Funder mandates (UK Research councils, NIH and CIHR)
      Institutional mandates (37 mandates, 14 departmental )
    • 7. Open Access – cultural overview (2): funders
    • 8. Open Access – cultural overview (3): publishers
    • 9. Open Access – technical overview
      Cultural intent led to the development of new software and standards to support its use.
      OAI-PMH – Open Archives Initiative- Protocol for Metadata Harvesting ( )
      Dublin Core (adopted as baseline by OAI-PMH)
      Software systems (open source and commercial):
      Dominance of Fedora, ePrints, D-Space
      DuraSpace merger
      Zentity (Microsoft – free built on proprietary core)
      Intralibrary (commercial example)
      Search (OAISTER, Intute Repository Search)
      Registries (OpenDOAR, ROAR)
      OAI-ORE – towards being more web friendly
    • 10. Open Access - impact
      Closest to library community
      but significant groups outside of it
      Commercial publishers’ response
      OA journals
      Promise and problems
      New forms of publication – overlay ? Pure OA?
      Etheses - the ultimate OA success story?
      Side effects: other roles
      RAE/ REF reporting and management
      faculty web pages/ bibliographies
      Institutional knowledge management
    • 11. Open Access - opportunities
      Repositories as a key part of institutional infrastructure
      RAE and REFreporting
      Faculty web pages
      Managing rights and supporting compliance with OA mandates
      Information management expertise needed
      Cataloguing (lots of...)
      Building controlled vocabularies and taxonomies
      Managing rights
      Collaboration with university presses – moving towards new forms of publication
    • 12. Open Content
      R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007
    • 13. Open Content – cultural overview
      Translating offline practice of sharing into a digital environment
      Many teaching materials just use stuff off Google...
      Who owns the lecture notes?
      Learning objects... or not
      Although still developed and used in some circumstances the ‘context-neutral’ reusable learning object is not a scalable endeavour when compared to OER initiatives that share what people are using (IMHO)
      Open Educational Resources
      CETIS briefing paper
      OER Initiatives
      Focus on sharing what you use.
      Open Courseware
      JISC / HEFCE funding pilot programme - £5.7 million
      Overview of JISC and OER
    • 14. Open Content - initiatives
    • 15. Open Content – initiatives (2)
    • 16. Open Content - impact
      ‘Normal’ offline practice is often not formalised or examined, in doing so:
      Rights issues can be addressed
      Practice might improve
      Provide colleagues, students, and potential students with your stuff
      Institutional re-evaluation of where the value lies:
      Student experience
      Reputation, accreditation, assessment
      Staff (as teachers not merely producers of sets of materials)
      Facilities and atmosphere (...especially the library?)
      Increased enrolment
      Kudos and standing in the educational community
    • 17. Open Content – opportunities?
      Often happening outside of library...
      LIS skills needed but demand may not be articulated in ways that are immediately obvious and a degree of wheel reinvention going on
      Potentially lots of ‘cataloguing’ needed but...
      Different standards/ educational description
      Traditional learning object type metadata(IEEE LOM, IMS CP)
      Standards under development (ISO MLR, DC-ED)
      Key access points – course code? Course title?
      Many current content sharing systems work without ‘full’ cataloguing and may not afford it
      Full cataloguing presents an unknown value propostion...
      Supporting teaching and administrative staff
      Education and training
      Collection level work
      data cleaning
      Taxonomies/ controlled vocabularies
      What is the business case?
      Managing legal issues: accessibility; liability
    • 18. Open Data
      R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007
    • 19. Open Data - overview
      Two main areas
      Managing and opening access to scientific datasets
      Opening access to data more generally
      Vision of semantic web
      Making it easier for machines to relate disparate data sets
      Better data management
      Volume of data being produced
      Link data and publication
      Does data support findings?
      Destroy data that should be destroyed
      Allow others to explore data for their own use
      Ensure funder has access to data
      Curate the rest of the data
    • 20. Open Data - initiatives
    • 21. Open Data – initiatives (2)
    • 22. Open Data - impact
      Library of Congress releasing
      Government(s) attitudes
      New tools
      Visualization – [manyeyes]
      Richer publications
      Moving beyond the limits of a printed page
      Network effect –> new science
      See next speaker!
      ‘just landed’
    • 23. Open Data - perspective
      “The coolest thing to be done
      with your data will be
      thought of by someone else”
      JISC Common Repository Interfaces Group (CRIG)
    • 24. Open Data – opportunities (1)
      Data repositories
      Data librarians and enabling researchers
      Best practice
      Need for clarity over rights
      Automating metadata capture – lab books
      Linking data and articles
      Using data in teaching
      However, most of this work has to be done by the scientists...
      Do they know about the relevant skills and expertise the library can offer?
    • 25. Open Data – opportunities (2)
      Being a data provider
      Limits of tools
      Unintended consequences (xif...jsut what information are you giving out)
      Legal and ethical issues
      Control of data
      Using Mashups
      Librarything - recommendations
      Browser tools
      integrating library catalogues
      Anything: e.g. ‘Just landed’
    • 26. Open Data – Summing up a conference: twitter plus wordle?
      R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007
    • 27. Open Libraries?
      R. John Robertson, JISCCETIS, ECDL2007
    • 28. Open Libraries?
      What’s the point? The importance of
      Information literacy
      Understanding rights and business cases
      Making the case for the library’s role
      Experimenting ...
      Realising ‘control’ over use of IT may not be as desirable as it was
      Make rights clear
      Can you get your data out? Can your users..?
      What do you want to allow? Control vs enable
      (Glasgow City Council example: advertises events on twitter but blocks access to it in libraries)
    • 29. Open Libraries?
      Deciding what you do with your stuff
      Publish where?
      Is it responsible to give the rights to your work away?
      Are they your rights to give?
      Self-archive where?
      Institutional Repository
      Subject Repository? For LIS: Elis
      Slideshare, etc
      What terms of use ?
      This presentation on Cilip’sMmIT page, in Strathprints (shortly) and on slideshare.
    • 30. Any Questions?
      Contact details:
      R. John Robertson
      Kavubob on twitter
    • 31. Additional References (and credits)
      Peter Suber, Open Access Overview
      Repositories Support Project