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Developing patterns in technical approaches for Open Educational Resources. R. John Robertson and Lorna Campbell, & Phil Barker …

Developing patterns in technical approaches for Open Educational Resources. R. John Robertson and Lorna Campbell, & Phil Barker
JISC CETIS. Presentation at OER 11, Manchester, May 11th 2011

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  • Focus on content and community
  • Transcript

    • 1. Developing patterns in technical approaches for Open Educational Resources
      R. John Robertson (1) and Lorna Campbell (1), & Phil Barker (2)
      JISC CETIS. Presentation at OER 11, Manchester, May 11th 2011
      1 Centre for Academic Practice and Learning Enhancement, University of Strathclyde, 2 Institute for Computer Based Learning, Heriot-Watt University
      This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Licence. Individual Images in this presentation may have different licences .
    • 2. overview
      Some Context
      Big and Little OER
      Global Patterns
      UKOER Patterns
      Possible Trends
    • 3. Context: JISC CETIS
      • JISC CETIS is a JISC Innovation Support Centre. We provide advice to the UK Higher and Post-16 Education sectors on the development and use of educational technology and standards through:
      • 4. participating in standards bodies
      • 5. providing community forums for sharing experience about educational technologies and interoperability standards
      • 6. providing strategic advice to JISC and supporting JISC development programmes
    • 7. Context: UK OER and more
      • UKOER programme: Phase 2 of the HEFCE-funded Open Educational Resources (OER) programme runs between August 2010 and August 2011 (£5 million funding)
      • 8. Other OER work in the UK and globally as well as other related technical developments
    • 9. Is there a sustainable and consistently successful technical approach to sharing OER?
      Option A
      Yes, use your (institutional) repository and /or VLE
      Option B
      Yes, use your (personal) blog
    • 10. Big and Little OER
      In the wider OER community there are two distinct approaches to sharing open content for education.
      Weller characterises these as Big and Little OER (
    • 11. Big and Little OER
      Big OER
      Institutional effort
      Often polished and high quality
      High reputation
      Technical approach likely to use centrally managed system; favours CMS/VLE/Repository
      Little OER
      Individual effort
      Often ‘as is’ or ‘work in progress’
      Personal and word of mouth reputation
      Technical approach likely to use tools to hand which author can use; likely blogs, wikis, slideshare
    • 12. Global patterns – ‘Big’
      Emergence of ‘support’ communities and beginning of consideration of accreditation (e.g. OpenStudy for OpenCourseWare; parts of P2PU; OERU)
      Approach is web scale hosted communities creating or supporting given courses
    • 13. Global patterns – ‘Big’
      Federal US Government Initiatives around open content
      Focus on sharing of content to meet workforce needs
      Interest in usage data – Learning Registry work to aggregate and share data to support discovery services
      Point of interest: as yet unknown how particular discovery services deal with packaged content
    • 14. Global patterns – ‘Big’
      US and wider interest in ‘tangible’ OER
      Services like Flatworldknowledge (semi-commercial model) offering online adapt your own book tools
      But some initiatives such as opencourselibrary taking a very flexible technical approach
    • 15. Global Patterns ‘Little’
      Use of blogs, YouTube, and other platforms to share resources and make tools
      Professional networks
      OL Daily
      Open Attribute
    • 16. Global Patterns ‘Little’
      Open Courses like:
      Ds106 and other MOOCs
      Using existing tools
      # and blogs
      Innovative outputs, process, and forms of feedback and assessment. Infrastructure not innovative
    • 17. Middle OER?
      Initiatives like UKOER
      model of institutional support to allow individuals to release OER using institutional tools
      model of Institutional release of OER using 3rd party tools
    • 18. Phase 1 technical overview
    • 19. Phase 2 technical overview
    • 20. Provisional differences in UKOER 1 &2
      Talking about tech issues less (Strand A+B)
      More concentration of platform and standards choices
      Many projects less concerned with tech choices – using whatever is to hand
      In particular increased use of institutionally supported systems
      Slight shift towards wordpress, drupal, rss
      Lower use of externally hosted web 2.0 platforms
      Less content creation (in scope of call)
      Less focus on file format
      Much less use of QTI
      Outside of collections strand very little technical development
      Collection projects tending to build destination sites
      Development in collections stand largely around existing platforms not form scratch
    • 21. Observations from OER hackday & bids
      What people worked on:
      Wordpress widgets
      2 different Bookmarking tools
      Google CSE based course catalogue
      A windows install packager for OERbit (drupal based OER production tool)
      Extracting paradata (attention metadata) from mediawiki
      Data visualisations
      Mostly built in existing tools and platforms
      Lots of ideas that we didn’t have time to work on
      Open process
      2 bids funded
      a focus on users
      online tools – bookmarking and citation
    • 22. Provisional Trends
      Beginning to see more examples of online and distributed educational or edu support opportunities outside of institutions or alongside course offerings
      Web scale
      Destination more than ‘sharing’
    • 23. Provisional Trends
      OER release projects rightly focusing on content rather than dissemination mechanisms
      Accreditation is the coming challenge – work on badges and eportfolios likely to be of growing interest
    • 24. Strategic Balance
      If you want to release content stick with safe technical choices
      Plenty of existing tools; whether taking a big or little OER approach, use what you already have or have access too
      • If you want to innovate (increasingly outside of most institutional work)
      Think web scale
      Build on existing platforms where possible
      Office tools
    • 25. Sustainability
      Funded projects
      Tech innovation not sustainable as such but :
      funded to prove possible lower cost alternatives...
      funded to embed or demonstrate infrastructure
      working with existing tools potentially taps into existing community
      Self running projects
      Small scale voluntary efforts to address specific tasks can be very effective
      Open Attribute
      working with existing tools can utilise existing community
    • 26. Questions