Test 5 quizzes


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Test 5 quizzes

  1. 1. L1
  2. 2. • 1. In the late 1800s, supporters of laissezfaire capitalism claimed that government regulation of business would be: • A. essential to protect the rights of consumers • B. necessary to provide jobs for the unemployed • C. useful in competing with foreign nations • D. harmful to economic growth
  3. 3. • 2. John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and J. Pierpont Morgan were sometimes called robber barons because they: • A. robbed from the rich to give to the poor • B. made unnecessarily risky investments • C. used ruthless business tactics against their competitors • D. stole money from the federal government
  4. 4. • 3. The Interstate Commerce Act and the Sherman Antitrust Act were passed by Congress to: • A. increase safety in the workplace • B. promote fair hiring practices • C. improve working conditions • D. regulate big business, especially the railroads
  5. 5. • 4. Businesses formed trusts, pools, and the techniques of vertical and horizontal integration mainly to: • A. increase profits by eliminating competition • B. offer a wide range of goods and services to consumers • C. provide employment opportunities for minorities • D. protect the interests of workers
  6. 6. • 5. The term business monopoly can best be described as • A. the most common form of business in the United States • B. government control of the means of production • C. an agreement between partners to manage a corporation • D. a company that controls or dominates an industry
  7. 7. • 6. Which feature of the United States economy in this late nineteenthcentury cartoon is featured? • A. technological improvements in agriculture • B. dependence on foreign oil • C. creation of monopolies • D. governmental success in regulating big business
  8. 8. • 7. The principal message of the cartoon is that the Standard Oil Company: • A. used its size to lower the prices of its products • B. protected the nation from foreign competition • C. used its economic power to influence government decisions • D. employed violence to gain an unfair advantage for its workers
  9. 9. • 8. During the late 1800s, the defenders of Social Darwinism would most likely have supported • A. labor unions • B. progressive income taxes • C. laissez-faire capitalism • D. environmental conservation
  10. 10. • 9. In the period from 1865 to 1900, the United States Government aided the development of the West by • A. maintaining free and unlimited coinage of silver • B. offering low-interest loans to businesses • C. granting land to railroad companies to build transcontinental routes • D. providing price supports for farm products
  11. 11. • 10. After the Civil War, one way business leaders tried to eliminate competition was by A. forming monopolies or trusts • B. developing overseas markets • C. increasing the prices of their products • D. paying high wages to their workers
  12. 12. Lesson 2 &3
  13. 13. • 11. The American Federation of Labor’s support for “bread and butter” unionism was intended to: • A. gain control of state and federal legislatures • B. change the economic system to socialism • C. combine all skilled and unskilled workers into one large organization • D. improve wages, hours, and working conditions
  14. 14. • 12. During the late 1800s, what was the main reason labor unions had difficulty achieving gains for workers? • A. Communists had taken control of the major unions. • B. The government supported business efforts to limit the powers of unions. • C. Most unions had been organized by big business. • D. Most workers were satisfied with working
  15. 15. • 13. One reason the American Federation of Labor (AFL) was successful was that this organization: • A. focused on the needs of skilled workers • B. rejected the use of strikes and boycotts • C. ended the use of blacklists by employers • D. called for government ownership of industry
  16. 16. • 14. During the late 19th century, which practices were used by employers against workers? • A. boycotts and lockouts • B. picketing and walkouts • C. blacklists and yellow-dog contracts • D. mass rallies and sit-down strikes
  17. 17. • 15. In the late 1800s, the Great Strike of 1877 and the Pullman Palace Car Strike of 1894 were unsuccessful because: • A. the government supported business owners • B. most workers refused to take part in the strike • C. the Supreme Court ruled both strikes were illegal • D. factory owners hired children to replace the strikers
  18. 18. • 16. In the late 19th century, the major argument used by labor union leaders against immigrants was that immigrants • A. took jobs from United States citizens • B. contributed little to enrich American life • C. placed financial drains on social services • D. refused to assimilate into American culture
  19. 19. • 17. During the Gilded Age, political scandals were typical. Which scandal did not happen during this period? • A. Credit Mobilier – railroad scandal of late 1860s based on false claims by a railroad company to get subsidy money • B. Tweed Ring- New York City political machine exposed by Nast cartoons and prosecuted for embezzlement • C. Whiskey Ring – Grant scandal allowing whiskey distillers to not pay income taxes • D. Teapot Dome – illegal selling of government oil reserves by cabinet member for a bribe
  20. 20. • 18. The Sherman Antitrust Act, the Interstate Commerce Act, and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) are examples of • A. Federal laws designed to protect consumers from unsafe products • B. the Federal Government’s response to changes in the economy • C. Federal laws designed to control spending • D. the Federal Government’s attempts to regulate big business
  21. 21. • 19. The Populists believed that most of the United States economic problems would be solved by establishing • A. currency reform • B. postal savings banks • C. a national property tax • D. a renewed policy of open immigration
  22. 22. • 20. Laws requiring individuals to pass civil service examinations to obtain government jobs were enacted to • A. eliminate patronage and corruption in government hiring • B. allow the government to compete with private industry for employees • C. support the development of public employee labor unions • D. encourage the growth of local political parties
  23. 23. • 21. During the second half of the 19th century, the federal government’s commitment to the principles of laissez-faire capitalism contributed to • A. healthy and positive competition between businesses • B. the growth of small business firms • C. friendly working relationships between labor and management • D. economic domination by business trusts
  24. 24. • 22. Which conclusion can be drawn about the impact of the Populist and the Progressive parties on the United States? • A. Some third-party goals eventually become planks in the platforms of the major parties. • B. The United States has steadily moved from a two-party system to a multiparty system. • C. Religious ideals have most often motivated people to splinter away from major parties . • D. An increasing number of citizens have grown weary of party politics and fail to vote in elections.
  25. 25. • 23. During the early 1900’s, the initiative, recall, and referendum were changes made in many states to give • A. citizens the right to choose Presidential candidates • B. voters greater direct participation in government • C. workers more rights in the collective bargaining process • D. business leaders more control over their industries
  26. 26. • 24. Reformers of the early 20th century frequently attacked political machines because the politicians in these organizations often: • A. denied voting rights to the poor • B. accepted bribes in return for favors • C. wasted money on military spending • D. discriminated against migrant workers
  27. 27. • 25. In the 19th century, protective tariffs, subsidies for railroads, and open immigration showed that the federal government followed a policy of: • A. support for expanding economic development in the west • B. non-interference in the laissez-faire freemarket system • C. regulation of unfair business practices • D. support for organized labor
  28. 28. • 26. The passage of the Dawes Severalty Act (1887) was primarily an attempt by the United States government to: • A. limit the power of the Bureau of Indian Affairs • B. return eastern land to Native American Indian tribes forced to move west under the Indian Removal Act • C. encourage Native Americans to give up their traditional cultures and assimilate into the dominant culture • D. hire Native American Indians as military scouts to fight in the Sioux Wars
  29. 29. • 27. The graduated income tax, free and unlimited coinage of silver, and the direct election of senators were proposals that were included in the: • A. Declaration of Sentiments • B. Republican plan for Reconstruction • C. Populist Party platform • D. Federal Reserve System
  30. 30. • 28. The Panic of 1893 did NOT lead to which of the following? • A. the March on Washington by Coxey’s Army seeking government intervention in the economy • B. the need for foreign trade between European nations and the United States • C. the federal government recognizing labor unions right to collectively bargain • D. the rise of the Populist movement and the electoral showdown over the economy in 1896
  31. 31. • 29. In the late 1800’s, the goal of the Federal Government’s policy toward Native American Indians was to • A. destroy tribal bonds and thus weaken their traditional cultural values • B. grant them full citizenship and due process • C. give their tribal groups authority over their own affairs • D. increase the land holdings of western tribes
  32. 32. • 30. The Homestead Act, the mass killing of buffalo, and the completion of the transcontinental railroad are most closely associated with the • A. rise of organized labor • B. building of the Erie Canal • C. northern migration of African Americans • D. decline of the Plains Indians
  33. 33. • 31. Although the Populist Party failed to elect its candidates to the Presidency, some of the Party’s aims were later achieved by the • A. adoption of the gold standard • B. elimination of racial segregation laws in the South • C. creation of a graduated income tax and the direct election of Senators • D. establishment of higher protective tariffs on manufactured goods
  34. 34. • 32. The mechanization of agriculture in the United States led directly to • A. an increase in production • B. less dependence on railroads by farmers • C. fewer agricultural exports • D. the decreasing size of the average farm
  35. 35. • 33. In the late 19th century, farmers desired “cheap money” policies because farmers believed that rising prices for their crops would: • A. enable them to pay back their loans more easily • B. require banks to lend them more money at reduced interest rates • C. force manufacturers to reduce the prices of manufactured goods purchased by farmers • D. cause the price of undeveloped farmland to drop
  36. 36. • 34. The Federal Civil Service System was begun in the late 19th century under the Pendleton Act primarily to: • A. reward political party supporters • B. reduce the practice of political patronage • C. secure political campaign contributions • D. provide government contracts for big business
  37. 37. • 35. Match the following inventions with their inventor. • A. Electric Generator 1. Thomas Alva Edison • B. Telephone 2. Christopher Sholes • C. Airplane 3. George Eastman • D. Typewriter 4. Alexander Graham Bell • E. Automobile- Model T . 5. Orville and Wilbur Wright • F. Light bulb 6. Henry Ford • G. Kodak Camera/Film 7. George Westinghouse • • [A] A-6, B-3, C-1, D-2, E-7, F-4, G-5 • [B] A-7, B-4, C-1, D-3, E-5, F-2, G-6 • [C] A-7, B-4, C-2, D-1, E-6, F-3, G-5 • [D] A-7, B-4, C-5, D-2, E-6, F-1, G-3
  38. 38. • 36. Skyscrapers were made possible with the invention(s) of _______________________. • A. Safer fire escapes • B. Larger bricks and stronger cement • C. Elevators and steel framework • D. New construction safety standards
  39. 39. • 37. Which statement best expresses the melting pot theory as it relates to American society? • A. Only European immigrants will be allowed into the United States. • B. All immigrant groups will maintain their separate cultures. • C. Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture. • D. Immigrant ghettos will develop in urban areas.
  40. 40. • 38. Between 1890 and 1915, the majority of immigrants to the United States were labeled “new immigrants” because they were: • A. considered physically and mentally superior to earlier immigrants • B. forced to settle in the cities of the Midwest • C. from Southern and Eastern Europe and Asian countries • D. culturally assimilated quicker than earlier immigrants
  41. 41. • 39. A major purpose of both the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) and the Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan (1907) was to: • A. limit immigration of certain ethnic groups to please nativist groups • B. enrich America’s cultural diversity and create a more non-white society • C. treat all Asian and European immigrants equally by increasing immigration of non-whites • D. relocate Asians displaced by war and famine in China and Japan
  42. 42. • 40. Between 1840 and 1860, the majority of the “old immigrants” to the United States came from: • A. northern and western Europe • B. southern and eastern Europe • C. Canada and Latin America • D. China and Southeast Asia
  43. 43. • 41. Nativism is the ____________________. • A. Overt favoritism toward native-born Americans • B. Dominance of cities by ethnic groups • C. Dominance of states by political machines • D. Overt favoritism toward new immigrants
  44. 44. • 42. The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) had a major impact on the lives of African Americans because it ruled that: • A. segregation was illegal in educational institutions • B. voting was a right guaranteed by the Constitution • C. separate but equal public facilities were legal • D. military occupation of the South was unconstitutional
  45. 45. • 43. Which statement about the philosophies of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois is MOST ACCURATE? • a) They differed as to the best way that African Americans could effectively achieve equality. • b) Both demanded programs that would provide for immediate social equality. • c) Both believed that vocational training would provide the most important kind of education for African Americans. • d) Neither wanted the Federal Government to play a major role in protecting the civil rights of African Americans.
  46. 46. • 44. The main goal of the Americanization Movement was to ________________________. • A. Limit the number of immigrants entering the country • B. Assimilate people of various cultures into the dominant culture • C. Improve the living conditions in America’s largest cities • D. Encourage people to move from the country to the city
  47. 47. • 45. Match the Progressive amendment to its reform. • A. 16th 1. prohibition of alcohol • B. 17th 2. women’s suffrage • C. 18th 3. graduated income tax • D. 19th 4. direct election of U.S. Senators • • [A] A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4 • [B] A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2 • [C] A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1 • [D] A-4, B-1, C-2, D-3
  48. 48. • 46. The Progressive movement supported the idea that the federal government should: • A. regulate big business • B. reduce immigration • C. build an overseas empire • D. reduce the number of farms
  49. 49. • 47. Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, Jacob Riis and Ida Tarbell made their greatest contributions to the • Progressive movement by: • A. working to end political corruption in cities • B. speaking out for the equal rights of Hispanic Americans • C. supporting legislation to improve tenement housing • D. publishing books and articles to expose the problems of society
  50. 50. • 48. Which event of the early 1900s is evidence that Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle had an important impact on the United States? • A. adoption of reforms in public education— Newlands Act • B. passage of legislation limiting immigration and requiring a literacy test—Chinese Exclusion Act • C. adoption of the 18th amendment establishing Prohibition • D. passage of legislation requiring Federal inspection of meat—Meat Inspection Act
  51. 51. • 49. President Woodrow Wilson supported creation of the Federal Reserve System in 1913 to: • A. balance the federal budget • B. regulate the amount of money in circulation • C. serve as a source of loans for farmers • D. solve the financial problems of the Great Depression
  52. 52. • 50. The purpose of the Interstate Commerce Act (1887), the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) was to • A. eliminate unfair business practices • B. reduce imports from foreign nations • C. reduce the power of the unions • D. increase the power of local governments
  53. 53. • 51. Which generalization about population growth is supported by information in this chart? • A. For every census listed, rural population exceeded urban population. • B. By 1920, more people lived in cities than in rural areas. • C. The Civil War significantly slowed the rate of population growth. • D. Most urban population growth was due to people migrating from rural areas.
  54. 54. • 52. The Panic of 1893 did NOT lead to which of the following? • A. the March on Washington by Coxey’s Army seeking government intervention in the economy • B. the need for foreign trade between European nations and the United States • C. the federal government recognizing labor unions right to collectively bargain • D. the rise of the Populist movement and the electoral showdown over the economy in 1896
  55. 55. • 53. Reformers of the early 20th century frequently attacked political machines because the politicians in these organizations often: • A. denied voting rights to the poor • B. accepted bribes in return for favors • C. wasted money on military spending • D. discriminated against migrant workers
  56. 56. • 54. The initiative, referendum, and recall election were supported by the Progressives as ways to: • A. limit government regulation of the press • B. limit the role of the Supreme Court in constitutional issues • C. increase citizen participation in the political process • D. increase the influence of major political parties