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National Flood Insurance Program: Overview and Updates

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National Flood Insurance Program: Overview and Updates

National Flood Insurance Program: Overview and Updates

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  • 1. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY National Flood Insurance Program: Overview and Updates
  • 2. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY National Flood Insurance Program Background • National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 – Established the NFIP – Required mapping of flood-prone areas – Made flood insurance available to all residents of communities that meet floodplain management requirements – Afforded communities ability to obtain certain types of disaster assistance
  • 3. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY The NFIP: How It Works
  • 4. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Rhode Island NFIP Facts • All 39 communities and 1 Tribal Nation participate in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). • Approximately 16,000 structures in designated floodplains – 9,600 have flood insurance  60% • Currently 16,021policies state-wide (Data as of January 29, 2014) – Bristol County: 2,081 – Kent County : 2,349 – Newport County: 3,030 – Providence County: 2,729 – Washington County: 5,832 • Average RI Premium is $1,369/annually
  • 5. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY • Riverine • Flash • Coastal • Shallow Types of flooding Photo: Bob McMillan / FEMA
  • 6. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY FLOODPLAIN MAPPING
  • 7. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Definitions • Base Flood: Flood that has a 1% chance of being equaled or exceeded in any given year. • Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM): An official map where FEMA has delineated the special flood hazard areas. • Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA): Areas subject to the Base Flood or greater in any given year. These areas include Zones A and V.
  • 8. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Definitions of FEMA Flood Zones
  • 9. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Flood Zone Wave Heights
  • 10. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Countywide Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM)
  • 11. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Digital Flood Insurance Rate Maps (DFIRMs)
  • 12. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Coastal Mapping • There is a nationwide project underway to update the FEMA FIRMs. A combination of new data and outdated maps has propelled the project. • The maps were created by a FEMA contractor, STARR, through extensive modeling using new transects, surveys and coastal analyses.
  • 13. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Coastal Mapping Effective Dates • Bristol County: July 7, 2014 • Kent County: September 18, 2013 • Newport County: September 4, 2013 • Providence County: September 18, 2013 • Washington County: October 16, 2013
  • 14. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Riverine Mapping • FEMA in coordination with USGS working on remapping inland areas. • Study area includes Kent and Providence counties. • Data used in remapping utilized high water marks collected following the flooding in March 2010.
  • 15. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
  • 16. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Kent County Riverine Mapping Communities Affected Coventry Warwick West Warwick
  • 17. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Providence County Riverine Mapping Communities Affected Central Falls Cranston East Providence Johnston Lincoln North Providence Pawtucket Providence Scituate Smithfield
  • 18. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
  • 19. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY FLOODPLAIN MAPPING TOOLS
  • 20. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Insurance and Mapping Tools FEMA Map Service CenterFloodsmart
  • 21. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Rhode Island Floodplain Mapping Tool • Tool is provided for reference only • Designed to provide users with an easily accessible online resource by which to make informed decisions about the flood risk for a specific area or property. • The floodplains shown on this Tool are delineated on the FEMA historic, preliminary, or effective FIRMs. www.riema.ri.gov
  • 22. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY FLOOD INSURANCE
  • 23. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Flood Insurance Facts • Standard homeowners insurance doesn't cover flooding. • Flood Insurance is required if you live in a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) or high-risk area AND have a federally backed mortgage or other commitment (reverse mortgage, line of credit, etc.) • A lender can require flood insurance, even if a structure is NOT in the SFHA. • Flood insurance can be purchased through a local insurance agent.
  • 24. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Pre-FIRM vs. Post-FIRM • Pre-FIRM – Constructed prior to the initial FIRM – No building codes to require lowest floor to be constructed above the base flood elevation – Subsidized rates • Post-FIRM – Constructed or Substantially Improved after the initial FIRM – Should be constructed based upon the map in effect at the time of construction
  • 25. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
  • 26. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY • Congress passed the Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 (Biggert-Waters 2012/BW-12), which was designed to: – Make the NFIP more financially stable by raising rates on certain classes of property to reflect true flood risk; and – Trigger rate changes for certain properties within a revised or updated map area to accurately reflect the flood risk. • Intent is to phase back in subsidies for renewal policies: – Structures built prior to the first flood insurance map in a community (pre-FIRM) – Policies based on the map in effect when structure was built (grandfathering) • Artificially low rates and discounts no longer are sustainable. Changes are Coming to the NFIP
  • 27. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY • Revised Annual Premium Rates – V Zones (Coastal velocity zones) • Post-FIRM: Premium will increase 11% • Pre-FIRM: Premiums will increase 17% – A Zones • Post-FIRM: Premium will increase 6% • Pre-FIRM: Premiums will increase 16% – X Zones (outside the SFHA) • Standard-Rated Policy: Premium will increase 8% • Preferred Risk Polices (PRP): Premiums will increase 1% • Revised Premium Rates • Reserve Fund – 5% reserve fund assessment is to be included for all policies other than PRP’s (Included in the percentages shown above). Program Changes Effective Oct. 1, 2013
  • 28. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Who Will Be Affected by Subsidy Changes? • Not everyone – 43% of NFIP policies in RI receive subsidies. • Owners of subsidized non-primary residences in a Special Flood Hazard Area will see 25% increase annually until rates reflect true risk –January 1, 2013. • Owners of subsidized property that has experienced severe repetitive flood losses or that has incurred flood cumulative damage with flood insurance payments exceeding the value of the structure will see 25% rate increase annually until rates reflect true risk – October 2013. • Owners of subsidized business properties in a Special Flood Hazard Area will see 25% rate increase annually until rates reflect true risk – October 2013. • Owners of substantially damaged or substantially improved subsidized property will see 25% rate increase.
  • 29. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014 • President Obama signed the Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014 into law on March 21, 2014. • Law repeals and modifies certain provisions of the BW-12, and makes additional program changes to other aspects of the program not covered by that Act.
  • 30. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014 • Mapping Update: The law does not delay or impact the draft or preliminary FIRMs in Rhode Island. • Refunds: Policyholders in high-risk areas who were required to pay full-risk rate after purchasing a new flood insurance policy on or after July 6, 2012 will received refunds of the excess premiums they were charged. • Subsidized Policies: The law requires gradual rate increases to properties now receiving subsidized rates.
  • 31. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Moving Forward • Changes will take some time to implement. • FEMA is working to develop a timetable for processing refunds. • More information on the new law and its impacts on the NFIP will be forthcoming .
  • 32. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY What Can Be Done to Lower Costs?
  • 33. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY MITIGATION
  • 34. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Mitigation Basics • Mitigation efforts strive to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of a disaster. • Supports actions that occur before a disaster to reduce consequences later. • Encourages actions that are long-term cost- effective, and environmentally sound.
  • 35. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY HMA Programs Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
  • 36. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Open HMA Awards Program Award Year Awards Activity Type(s) Total Federal Share PDM 2009 4 Hazard Mitigation Plans $31,521.15 PDM 2010 16 Hazard Mitigation Plans $226,102.71 PDM 2011 1 Hazard Mitigation Plan $28,056.72 PDM 2012 3 Hazard Mitigation Plans & Residential Acquisition $243,302.25 SRL 2012 1 Residential Elevation $45,052.20 HMGP DR-1894 March 2010 Floods 13 •Acquisitions •Backflow valves •Drainage •Outreach initiative •Structure Relocation $2,960,136.00 HMGP DR- 4027 TS Irene 10 •Backflow valves •Residential Elevations •Hazard Mitigation Plans $834,892.00
  • 37. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY ACTIVITIES HMA Property Acquisition and Structure Demolition X Property Acquisition and Structure Relocation X Structure Elevation X Dry Floodproofing of Historical Residential Structures X Dry Floodproofing of Non-residential Structures X Minor Localized Flood Reduction Projects X Structural Retrofitting of Existing Buildings X Non-structural Retrofitting of Existing Buildings and Facilities X Safe Room Construction X Wind Retrofit for One- and Two-Family Residences X Infrastructure Retrofit X Soil Stabilization X Wildfire Mitigation X Post-Disaster Code Enforcement X Generators X 5 Percent Initiative Projects (HMGP Only) X Advance Assistance (HMGP Only) X Hazard Mitigation Planning X Eligible Activities
  • 38. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Community Rating System (CRS) • A voluntary NFIP program to recognize and encourage communities to go beyond the NFIP minimums in their local floodplain Management activities. • Communities in full compliance can apply. • CRS uses a class rating system which entitles residents in SFHAs to premium reductions.
  • 39. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Benefits of CRS • Reduced flood insurance rates • More risk awareness & education • Improved public safety – less damage and $ losses • Better floodplain management • CRS training and technical assistance
  • 40. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Rhode Island CRS Communities Bristol (Class 8 – 10%) Middletown (Class 8 – 10%) Narragansett (Class 8 – 10%) North Kingstown (Class 9 – 5%) Westerly (Class 8 – 10%)
  • 41. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY • Many changes are happening to the Flood Insurance program • Congress acted to make program stronger financially, however the changes are uncertain and potential changes are still on the horizon. • Building or rebuilding higher can lower flood risk and could save money. • When rebuilding or building new: – Property owners need to be aware that flood risk changes over time – Rebuilding decisions now can affect their long-term flood insurance premiums – Elevating properties and ensuring the right type of construction helps decrease risk and reduce future flood insurance premiums What You Need to Remember
  • 42. RHODE ISLAND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY Jess Stimson State Hazard Mitigation Officer/ Floodplain Mapping Coordinator Jessica.Stimson@ema.ri.gov Contact Information:

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