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Grasslands spain
 

Grasslands spain

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    Grasslands spain Grasslands spain Presentation Transcript

    • GHG Research in Spanish Grasslands Fernando Estellés REMEDIA Network
    • Who are we? 9 Research groups > 30 researchers
    • What we do?
    • Diet manipulation Sustainability analysis Model development Carbon and Nitrogen dynamics Pastures management Forests systems What we do? LCA  Animal level  Pasture level
    • On-going and past projects Effects of plant fats and oils on methane production and performance of lactating dairy cows. Carbon dynamics in the Pyrenees: first time assessment with ecosystem fluxes, isotopic marking and plant guilds. Assessment of the sustainability of dairy sheep grazing system in Cantabrian Mountains, integrating productive, environmental and socio-economic aspects
    • On-going and past projects Grassland-based livestock systems GHG modelling Sustainability analysis of livestock production systems: economical, social and environmental indicators Optimizing forage and milk production through sustainable and competitive management systems, protecting the environment, promoting animal health and ensuring healthy milk supply, improving final product quality
    • What we propose? Farm-scale modelling Simulation of mitigation methods with system-based approaches at the farm scale
    • How can I reach you? Mª José Alonso Spanish Office for Climate Change. Focal Point for GRA GRA@magrama.es Agustín del Prado agustin.delprado@bc3research.org Fernando Estellés feresbar@upv.es
    • Further info… A compilation of short group presentations is included in the next slides…
    • Instituto de Ganadería de Montaña (CSIC-Universidad de León) Finca Marzanas s/n. 24346 Grulleros, León, Spain F. Javier Giráldez García Ángel Ruiz-Mantecón Secundino López Puente M. Luisa Tejido Mediavilla M. Paz Lavín González Sonia Andrés Llorente
    • Título: Plants and their extracts and other natural alternatives to antimicrobials in feeds-REPLACE. Organismo financiador: Unión Europea (Contrato FOOD-CT-2004-506487-Sixth Framework Programme) Entidades participantes: Varias a nivel europeo Duración: desde 2004 hasta 2008 Investigador responsable: Dr. Secundino López Puente Título: Effects of plant fats and oils on methane production and performance of lactating dairy cows. Organismo financiador: NUTRECO Nederland B.V (contrato asociado a proyecto financiado por el Gobierno Holandés). Entidades participantes: IGM (CSIC-ULE) Duración: desde 11.01.2012 hasta 11.07.2012 Investigador responsable: Dr. F. Javier Giráldez García
    • Solsona La Bertolina 1300m a.s.l Castellar de n’Hug 1900 m a.s.l Riart 900m a.s.l Situación de los sites instrumentados: PLA DE RIART 1003 m asl Crop /forage grazed LA BERTOLINA 1300 m asl Grazed grassland CASTELLAR DE N’HUG 2000 m asl Grazed grassland
    • Nuria Altimir Post-Doc Marie Curie Fellow ECOFUN-Group of Functional Ecology and Global Change CTFC-Centre Tecnològic Forestal de Catalunya Ctra. Sant Llorenç de Morunys, 25280 Solsona, Spain Office +34 973 481 752 nuria.altimir@ctfc.cat http://ecofun.ctfc.cat/ CAPACITI (2011-2013): Carbon dynamics in the Pyrenees: first time assessment with ecosystem fluxes, isotopic marking and plant guilds. Proyecto para la caracterización del ecosistema en los sites : CONTINUOUS Ecosystem-scale fluxes ( CO2, water vapour, energy) Temperature, RH, P Soil status Radiation FREQUENT Biomas Leaf Area Index C and N content δ13C air, leaf, roots, soil Floristic inventory Phenological inventory Photographic monitoring Chamber-based fluxes (CO2, N2O, CH4) Medidas :
    • Affiliation: Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB), P.O. Box 5003, NO-1432 Ås, Norway Raimon Ripoll-Bosch (PhD) Margalida Joy (PhD) Isabel Casasús (PhD) Albina Sanz (PhD) Affiliation: Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Avda. Montañana 930, 50059 Zaragoza, Spain Alberto Bernués (PhD) • Life cycle assessment framework and with the carbon footprint assessment of livestock farming systems with different degree of intensification. • In vitro evaluation of methane emissions. The ongoing research is focused towards the evaluation of different dietary strategies in order to reduce methane emissions from ruminants. • Evaluation of vegetation dynamics in pasture-based livestock farming systems. The group has experience in:
    • Multidisciplinary Research Group of The University of the Basque Country (EHU) and NEIKER-Tecnalia Research topic: Assessment of the sustainability of dairy sheep grazing system in Cantabrian Mountains, integrating productive, environmental and socio-economic aspects Main researchers: Dr. Luis Javier Rodríguez Barrón (QUALITY AND SECURITY OF ANIMAL FOOD, EHU) Dra. Arantza Aldezabal (GRAZING ECOLOGY, EHU) Dr. Iker Etxano (ECOLOGICAL ECONOMY, EHU) Dra. Nerea Mandaluniz (ANIMAL PRODUCTION, NEIKER) Dr. Iker Mijangos (SOIL MICROBIAL ECOLOGY, NEIKER)
    • • Evaluate animal productivity (in terms of weight, body condition and milk production), nutritional and technological quality of milk, the selection and quality of livestock diet, as well as emissions of GHG produced by animal and soil activity, depending on the biodiversity of mountain grasslands. • Identify nutritional and sensorial characteristics of mountain cheeses for differing, promoting and better positioning in the market in comparision to other types of cheese, and develop analytical tools that help investigate the traceability and authentication of these mountain products. • Investigate the effect of complete cessation of grazing on (i) aboveground (vegetation) and belowground (soil meso- and microbiota) biodiversity, (ii) the emission/sequestration of soil carbon, and (iii) their interactions with environmental variables. • Analyze the effect of the progressive decrease of animal stocking rate and/or changes in the proportion of different species of grazing animals on shrub encroachment and spatial heterogeneity (landscape diversity). • Assess the sustainability of current mountain grazing system in an integrated way, using simulation models of different socio-economic scenarios and livestock management. AIMS:
    • Regional Institute for Agro-Food Research and Development (SERIDA) P. O. Box 13 - 33300 Villaviciosa (Asturias) Spain Tel: +34 985 890 066 Fax: +34 985 891 854 43.47981N 5.43963W 16 masl Forage Production and Conservation Program Person in charge: Adela Martínez-Fernández admartinez@serida.org Objective: Optimizing forage production focused towards more sustainable management of agricultural and livestock systems. Activities: • Environmental implications of lands as pastures and fodder crops • Organic grass production • Control of effluents of silage • Reuse/recycling of livestock wastes Dairy Production Program Person in charge: Fernando Vicente fvicente@serida.org Objective: Optimizing milk production through sustainable and competitive management systems, protecting the environment, promoting animal health and ensuring healthy milk supply, improving final product quality. Activities: • Milk produced from grazing • Reuse/recycling of livestock wastes • Implications of the use of forages in the management and effects on the environment • Using additives for reducing ruminal ammonia production SERIDA. Animal Nutrition, Grasslands and Forages Section
    • BC3: grassland-based livestock systems GHG modelling. Name of the institution: Basque Centre For Climate Change (BC3) BC3-Team: Agustin del Prado (coordinator), Guillermo Pardo, Patricia Gallejones Contact: agustin.delprado@bc3research.org Main models developed/used 1. SIMSDAIRY (dairy farm level: e.g. del Prado et al., 2010, 2011), NUTGRANJA (del Prado etal., 2000) (developed + use) 2. LANDDAIRY+NGAUGE (LCA for milk: e.g. del Prado et al., in press in STOTEN) (developed + use) 3. NGAUGE (Brown et al., 2005), NCYCLE (Scholefield, 1991; del Prado et al., 2006) (field scale) (developed + use) 4. DNDC (e.g. Li et al., 1991) (Gallejones et al., in prep)(use) 5. RothC (e.g. Coleman and Jenkinson, 1999) (field scale C flows) (use) Main research topics 1. Development and use of mathematical models for grassland-based livestock systems to simulate the effect of farm management, genetics and site conditions on the N, C flows, transformations and losses of N and C (GHG, NH3, NO3- leaching, ecosystem services, economics). 2. Different scales and purposes: field, farm, LCA. 3. Emphasis on simulation of mitigation methods with system-based approaches at the farm scale.
    • BC3: grassland-based livestock systems GHG modelling. Recent publications on the topic 1. Del Prado A, Mas K, Pardo G and Gallejones. P. in press. Modelling the interactions between C and N farm balances and GHG emissions from confinement dairy farms in northern Spain. Science of The Total Environment. 2. Del Prado A., Crosson P., Olesen J.E. and Rotz A. 2013. Whole-farm models to quantify greenhouse gas emissions and their potential use for linking climate change mitigation and adaptation in temperate grassland ruminant-based farming systems. Animal. 7: s2, 373-385. 3. Petersen S.O Blanchard M, Chadwick D, del Prado A, Edouard N, Mosquera-Losada J and Sommer S.G. 2013. Manure management for GHG mitigation. Animal. 7: s2, 4. Misselbrook T., Del Prado A., Chadwick D. 2013. Opportunities for reducing environmental emissions from forage-based dairy farms. Agriculture and Food Science. 22: 93–107.) 5. Cardenas L.M., Cuttle S.P., Crabtree B., Hopkins A., Shepherd A. Scholefield D. and del Prado A. 2011. Cost effectiveness of nitrate leaching mitigation measures for grassland livestock systems at locations in England and Wales. Science of the Total Environment. 409 (3- 4): 1104-1115. 6. Del Prado A., Misselbrook T, Chadwick D, Hopkins A, Dewhurst R.J., Davison P., Butler A., Schröder J., and Scholefield D. 2011. SIMSDAIRY: A modelling framework to identify sustainable dairy farms in the UK. Framework description and test for organic systems and N fertiliser optimisation. Science of the Total Environment. 409: 3993-4009. 7. Del Prado A., Chadwick D., Cardenas L., Misselbrook T., Scholefield D. and Merino P. 2010. Exploring systems responses to mitigation of GHG in UK dairy farms. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 136 (3-4): 318-332. 8. Del Prado A. Merino P., Pinto M and del Hierro O. (in preparation) Nitrous oxide emissions from grazed grassland and maize of an intensively managed commercial dairy farm in northern Spain. 9. Del Prado, A., A. Shepherd, L. Wu, C. Topp, D. Moran, B. Tolkamp, Gallejones P. and D. Chadwick D. (in preparation) Modelling the effect of climate change on environmental pollution losses from UK dairy systems with and without grazing adaptation measures. 10. Del Prado A. Corré WJ, Oenema O., Pinto M and del Hierro O. (in preparation) NUTGRANJA 2.0: a simple mass balance model to explore the effects of different management strategies on GHG emissions, N losses and soil P changes in dairy farms.
    • SEVILLE UNIVERSITY PABLO DE OLAVIDE UNIVERSITY (SEVILLE) IFAPA (GRANADA) Name of the institutions: Seville University ( coordinator), Pablo de Olavide University and IFAPA-Granada. Team: Yolanda Mena Guerrero (coordinator), Rosario Gutiérrez Peña, and Marta Soler Montiel (Seville University), David Pérez Neira (Pablo de Olavide University) and Francisco de Asís Ruiz Morales (IFAPA-Granada). Contact: yomena@us.es Main methodologies and tools developed/used 1. Since 2000 we have been collaborating with researchers from the FAO-CIHEAM Sheep and Goat Network, and the FAO-CIHEAM Production Systems Sub-Network, with the goal of combining methodologies to generate information and a means of support in a coordinated manner for the entire Mediterranean Basin. 2. We have developed a specific methodology to collect information monthly, by designing the computer program GESCAPRI v.2, from interviews to monthly monitoring. 3. We have developed specific methodologies for energy analysis in Andalusian agriculture and livestock. 4. At this moment, we are developing with other institutions (NEIKER, INTIA and Salamanca University) a specific methodology to analyze the sustainability of small dairy ruminants and the quality of their products (research project INIA- RTA2010-00064-C04-02 ). 5. We have involved groups of Andalusia livestock farmers and breed associations in the periodic monitoring of their operations . Main research topics 1. Sustainability analysis of goat systems: economical, social and environmental indicators. 2. Evolution and efficacy of use of indicators for improving ruminant pastoral farms. 3. Quantification of the environmental impact of ruminant farms in organic and conventional systems: carbon footprint and energy analysis, among others. 4. Different scales and purposes: field, farm, LCA.
    • Recent publications on the topic Batalla M.I., Pinto M., Intxaurrandieta J.M., Mangado J.M., Eguinoa P., Marijuan S., Gutiérrez R., Mena Y., Hidalgo C., Palacios C., Pérez, D, del Hierro, O. 2013. Análisis de sostenibilidad de los diferentes sistemas de ganaderías con pequeños rumiantes de aptitud lechera. empleo de indicadores económicos, sociales y ambientales. In Procedings of II Workshop sobre mitigación de emisión de gases efecto invernadero provenientes del sector agroforestal, Zaragoza (Spain). Del Hierro O., Pinto M., Intxaurrandieta J.M., Mangado J.M., Eguinoa P., Marijuan S., Gutierrez R., Mena Y., Hidalgo C., Palacios C., Pérez D., Batalla. M.I. 2013. La huella de carbono como indicador ambiental en la evaluación de la sostenibilidad de explotaciones de pequeños rumiantes de aptitud lechera. In Procedings of II Workshop sobre mitigación de emisión de gases efecto invernadero provenientes del sector agroforestal, Zaragoza (Spain). Nahed J., Castel J.M., Mena Y., Caravaca F., 2006. Appraisal of the sustainability of dairy goat systems in Southern Spain according to their degree of intensification. In: Livestock Production Science, 101, p. 10-23. Ruiz F.A., Mena Y., Castel J.M., Guinamard C., Bossis N., Caramelle-Holtz E., Contu M., Sitzia M., Fois N. 2009. Dairy goat grazing systems in Mediterranean regions Pérez Neira, D., Soler Montiel, M., Simón Fernández, X. 2013. Energy Analysis of organic farming in Andalusia. Agroecology and Sustainable Food System, 37(2): 231-256. SEVILLE UNIVERSITY AND PABLO DE OLAVIDE UNIVERSITY