Childhood Obesity

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Childhood Obesity

  1. 1. Childhood Obesity<br />STEM Presentation<br />by<br />Reggi Williams<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Childhood Obesity Defined [Interactive Exercise Available]<br />Childhood Obesity, About<br />Causes<br />Health Complications<br />Controversy<br />Complications of Childhood Obesity Explained [Visual Diagram]<br />Statistical Demographics within Minority Groups (Addressing a PEER Question from WEEK 6)<br />Statistical Demographics Based Upon Income Brackets (Addressing a PEER Question from WEEK 6) [Interactive Exercise Available]<br />Statistical Demographics: Bring the Message HOME [to Illinois and Chicago in particular]<br />The Vicious Cycle of Childhood Obesity [Visual Diagram]<br />Stakeholders<br />Children and their potential offspring<br />Parent(s) and other family members<br />Communities and society<br />Addressing the Cure<br />Lifestyle habits to change, moderate, or otherwise promote healthy and happy children<br />The Fast Food Corporation (Addressing a PEER Question from WEEK 6)<br />Summary: Stakeholders, Scientists, the Scientific Community, and Society<br />Bibliography<br />
  3. 3. Childhood Obesity Defined<br />Childhood obesity occurs when the child or adolescent consumes more energy (meaning calories) than he/she uses for growth and physical activity.<br />A child’s BMI (Body Mass Index) is calculated differently than an adult’s. It is based on age and gender-specific classifications because the child’s body is constantly changing due to growth and gender-specific standards. <br />INTERACTIVE: Use the BMI Calculator for yourself and/or your child(ren). <br />http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/growth/bmi_charts.html<br />
  4. 4. Childhood Obesity<br />Causes<br />A sedentary lifestylecombined withunhealthy eating habits<br />Genetics plays a lesser role, although it still makes a difference:<br />Obese or overweight parents who perpetuate the causes mentioned above within the home place children at greater risk.<br />These parents most likely suffer from diseases themselves which worsen their child(ren)’s predicament(s).<br />Potential Heath Complications<br />asthma, diabetes, anemia, sleep apnea, liver problems, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure, to name a few.<br />Controversy<br />Childhood obesity is growing at an alarming rate, indicating that the next generation will face chronic health complications leading to lifelong diseases and fatalities.<br />Childhood obesity is nearly 100% preventable.<br />
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  6. 6. Statistical Demographics of Obese children within Minority Groups<br />This research is an important contribution to the scientific community and to studies documenting racial and ethnic disparities in children's weight.<br />Scientists believe genetic differences are one cause for disparities between racial groups.<br />Among minorities, poverty, less educated parents, and diets high in fat and calories increase risks for childhood obesity.<br />In some cultures fatness is not seen as a problem, and initiatives need to focus on increasing physical activity rather than weight loss alone.<br />
  7. 7. Statistical Demographics of Childhood Obesity Based upon Income Brackets<br />A study in Australia shows children from low-income families are twice as likely to be obese compared to children from high-income families, and their risks are increased if they are from ethnic backgrounds.<br />Looking separately at income, almost 9% of children from low-income families were obese, 6.3% from middle-income families and 4.3% from high-income families.<br />Please refer to the following http://www-958.ibm.com/software/data/cognos/manyeyes/visualizations/state-obesity-rates-by-income for an interactive graph demonstrating the correlation between income and obesity.<br />
  8. 8. The problem is especially severe in Chicago.<br />Visit http://www.clocc.net/coc/prevalence.html for graph charts documenting its prevalence!<br />The Consortium to Lower Obesity in Chicago Children (CLOCC), a program of Children’s Memorial Hospital, was formed in 2002 to address the problems surrounding childhood obesity.<br />The cornerstone of this effort is 5-4-3-2-1 Go!, a message which outlines these daily recommendations:  <br />5 servings of fruits and vegetables<br />4 servings of water <br />3 servings of low-fat dairy<br />2 or less hours of screen time<br />1 or more hours of physical activity<br />Statistical Demographics of Childhood Obesity: Bring the Message HOME<br /><ul><li>One in three Illinois children is overweight or obese.
  9. 9. Illinois ranks 10th in the country for percentage of children ages 10-17 who are too heavy (overweight).
  10. 10. Illinois ranks 4th in the country for obese children.</li></li></ul><li>
  11. 11. Stakeholders<br />Children (and their potential offspring)<br />Society (and the Community)<br />Schools<br />Neighbors<br />Sports Teams<br />Church Congregations<br /><ul><li>Obese children develop into obese teens, who grow up to be obese adults, and if their unhealthy lifestyles continue and they are able to produce offspring, then their children will inherit many of their afflictions, as well as develop a few of their own.</li></ul>Parents (and other family members)<br />Basically anyone who has invested time and attention into a child’s life, because they have the potential to influence that child’s decisions.<br />
  12. 12. Addressing the Cure<br />The Fast Food Corporation<br />Active and Healthy Lifestyles<br />Lifestyle habits to change, moderate, or otherwise promote the healthy and happy lives of children<br />Routine Exercise (Consistence is the key)<br />A Balanced and Nutritious Diet<br />http://www.mypyramid.gov/<br />Consider the cause & effect relationships that accompany each eating decision<br />Parents, in particular, are responsible for alerting their children to health awareness.<br />Please view the following: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zUxIXQza-dM<br />The message of the video clip is clear: McDonald’s is killing us.<br />Of course, this is untrue <br />recall the statement: Guns don’t kill people; people kill people (with guns).<br />Now reapply: Fast food doesn’t kill people; but people who put too much and/or the wrong kinds of food in their own stomach kill themselves (and those they feed).<br />
  13. 13. Addressing the Cure [part 2]<br />The Fast Food Corporation<br />Obesity and all that comes with eating bad food isn’t caused by a marketing campaign.<br />While unhealthy food is cheap, fast, and easy, people control what they eat. If they eat poorly, they pay the consequences. Not the marketer.<br />Of course food marketers certainly have a role to play in helping society keep its collective beer gut and muffin top to a minimum.<br />Blaming marketers isn't the solution. Education is the answer.<br />
  14. 14. Scientists have collected sufficient data to demonstrate that childhood obesity is a fatal health concern for the public. The stakeholders are (1) children, (2) parents and other family members, and (3) the communities and society as a whole. As a generally accepted concept within the scientific community, childhood obesity is a public health concern which effects more than just the afflicted child(ren). Additionally, children are considered to be juveniles by definition and therefore not solely responsible for their lifestyles and eating habits. For this reason, all stakeholders must act responsibly and prove to be positive advocates for active and healthy living.<br />Summary (something worth remembering)<br />
  15. 15. Bibliography<br />"Body Mass Index (BMI) Charts." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://kidshealth.org/parent/growth/growth/bmi_charts.html>.<br />"Childhood Obesity - DASH/HealthyYouth." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 30 June 2010. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/obesity/>.<br />Eng, Monica. "Study: Illinois 4th in Child Obesity." Chicago Breaking News. 1 July 2009. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com/2009/07/illinois-obesity-children-obesity.html>.<br />Gardner, Allie. "Kids Need Motivation to Exercise." Sierra Blogging Post - The Active Lifestyle Blog of Sierra Trading Post. 19 Sept. 2008. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://blog.sierratradingpost.com/in-the-news/motivate-kids-to-exercise-for-health-and-well-being/>.<br />Hall, Steve. "I Was Lovin' It Until I Saw This Commercial." Marketing and Advertising News With Attitude by Steve Hall and Angela Natividad - Adrants. 14 Sept. 2010. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://www.adrants.com/2010/09/i-was-lovin-it-until-i-saw-this.php>.<br />Horin, Adele. "Childhood Obesity 'grossly Overstated'" The Age - Business, World & Breaking News | Melbourne, Australia. 22 Oct. 2007. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://www.theage.com.au/news/national/childhood-obesity-grossly-overstated/2007/10/21/1192940903779.html>.<br />Johnston, Amanda. "Some Facts about Childhood Obesity." Childhood Obesity. Medical Mile, 11 Nov. 2009. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://medicalmile.com/health-care-news/95-kids-a-teens/1506-childhood-obesity.html>.<br />"Obesity." Children's Memorial Hospital: Where Kids Come First. Aug. 2009. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://www.childrensmemorial.org/parents/office_advocacy/obesity.aspx>.<br />Tanner, Lindsey. "Study Finds 1 In 5 Obese Among 4-Year-Olds." Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. 7 Apr. 2009. Web. 21 Nov. 2010. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/04/07/study-finds-1-in-5-obese-_n_183955.html>.<br />

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